Ppt on superstition in indian culture

Unit 1 “The First Americans Through the French and Indian War” August 19, 2014 1.

Plains with the horse. Within a few generations, the Plains Indians became expert on horseback, expanding their hunting, trading, and warring/in New England. In order to vote or hold office, a person had to be a member in good standing of the church. Religious dissenters were subject to public spectacle or banishment. Fervent religious superstition/ law? 8. Why was Savannah, Ga. established? 99 Colonial Culture In eighteenth century Europe, the intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment championed /


Science in The Light Of Spirituality A lecture by : Dr. Pranav Pandya, MD Chancellor - DSVV.

of Science and Spirituality  Main problem of today is crisis of faith.  Superstition and ill tendencies are to be eradicated.  Intellectuals are hell bent on criticizing /in Society  Mamata,Love and Compassion in Family  Shuchita,Piousness in Personality 21 st Century  Advent of a New Era is not a utopia but a reality,  Like darkness before Sunrise, and like extinguishing flame of lamp glowing with full intensity - materialistic tendencies are counting last breaths. University of Indian Culture/


THAILAND CULTURE.

of Thailand, a dance of flirtation and fun. Elephants at Work Literature in Thailand Literature in Thailand was traditionally heavily influenced by Indian culture. Thailands national epic is a version of the Ramayana called the Ramakien. A /being Thai in style. Although Thailand is considered a Theravada Buddhist society, the Hindu mythology latent in the Ramakien serves to provide Thai legends with a creation myth, as well as representations of various spirits which compliment superstitions derived from/


1757: British conquest of Bengal (eastern Mughal empire) By 1761: British eliminate French power in.

1817). Mill never traveled to India or learned an Eastern language His views were instrumental in shaping Britain’s India policies He argued that (a) Indian culture and society had not developed since ancient times (b) While US independence had led /of utility …IN THE COLONIES British culture is not perfect, but it is superior to the culture of the colonized people Therefore, the introduction of British institutions and ways of thinking is desirable… …as is the eradication of native superstition and social /


Kim Ebensgaard Jensen CGS, Aalborg University Force-dynamic cultural models in a scalar adjectival construction The 5 th UK Cognitive Linguistics Conference.

in language and cognition, see Johnson [1987: 42-48] and Talmy [2000: 409-549]). Examples: superstitions (which are often based on relations of causality), such as... Kim Ebensgaard Jensen CGS, Aalborg University Force-dynamic cultural models are cultural/ Markus (2007). Cultural models of education in American Indian, Asian American and European American contexts. Social Psychology of Education 10(2): 213-246. Goldberg, A. (2006). Constructions at work: The nature of generalization in language. Oxford: /


Indian Imagery in American Popular Culture. Worcester v. Georgia (1831) Did these adventurers, by sailing along the coast, and occasionally landing.

. United States v. Sandoval (1913) The people of the pueblos, although sedentary rather than nomadic in their inclinations, and disposed to peace and industry, are nevertheless Indians in race, customs, and domestic government. Always living in separate and isolated communities, adhering to primitive modes of life, largely influenced by superstition and fetichism, and chiefly governed according to the crude customs inherited from their ancestors, they/


No strong central authority. Emperor elected and could not accumulate power to hand down to next generation (had to bargain away gains in order to get.

Cultural influence was from Constantinople, not Rome. Conquest of the Mongols 1240-1480 No warm water port. Different ethnic Russians (Great Russians, Byelorussians, Cossaks, Ukrainians). Serfs more like slaves. Could be bought and sold. Society more Asian than European. Women veiled, manners crude, superstition/captured by Brits/Massachusetts men British navy disrupts French trade in Indian Ocean and West Indies. 1746 - Joseph François Dupleix, in retaliation, takes British trading post at Madras. The Peace/


Cultural Competency in a Health Care Setting. CultureCulture is defined as: a group ’ s way of perceiving, judging & organizing the ideas, situations.

in their daily lives.  It encompasses a sharing of values, traditions, customs, history, art, myths & superstitions of a people. These are passed down through the ages and become a culture that shapes an individual ’ s world. The result of varied cultures /a disharmony within the spirit. Folk remedies are likely used prior to medical encounter  May Not Express Pain American Indian/Native Alaskans may have been taught to never express pain; may say “uncomfortable.” Native Americans/Native Alaskans  /


American Life in the Seventeenth Century. The Unhealthy Chesapeake Life in the American wilderness was harsh. Diseases like malaria, dysentery, and typhoid.

an African-American community far more variegated in its cultural origins than anything to be found Similarly, in the New England “praying towns” where Indians were gathered to be Christianized, and in Great Lakes villages, polyglot Native American /in three days Poor Richard’s was well known in Europe and was more widely read in America than anything except the Bible (teacher of old and young, Franklin had influence in shaping the American character) Science, rising above the shackles of superstition/


AP World Review May 2011.

India Earliest Europeans Conquered the Dravidians (Dark Skinned Indians) Established Warrior Aristocracy Established Sanskrit Vedic Era and /in civic affairs Spurred questioning attitude – cultural advancements, scientific revolution, age of exploration, reformation Enlightenment (application of humanism) Age of Reason Belief in human perfectibility, application of scientific discoveries to improvement of human condition; reason was key to truth, while religion was afflicted with superstition; changes in/


Tom Peters’ X25. EXCELLENCE. ALWAYS

Indians. (Source: FT/24-25 June.) **Approximately 85% of Unilever’s products are purchased by … women. EXCELLENCE. FOUND. DUH. “To be a leader in consumer/PEOPLE. Potent. Positive. “In the end, management doesn’t change cultureIn the end, management doesn’t change culture. Management invites the workforce itself to change the culture.” —Lou Gerstner “The role/option for him.” —Michael Korda, Ulysses Grant Relentless: “One of my superstitions had always been when I started to go anywhere or to do anything,/


British Involvement in India (18th-19th Centuries)

urban elites (merging of Western education and Indian cultural heritage) Greater mobility of population (+) - emergence of common national identity (Pan-Indian) (-) – spread of diseases (ex: kala mari) The Indian Civil Service (ICS) The ICS – Elite government officials/bureaucrats who administered British India after 1858. Composition of the ICS: *~1,000 officials – chosen by merit / British men – advantages in recruitment – based on racist attitudes *1870 – 1/


  April 26, 1564 (Baptized) in Stratford-on-Avon  Married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 and had three children  The Lord Chamberlain’s Men first performed.

answer what message the play is  sending about each topic below:  Love  Art and culture  Transformation  Gender  Versions of reality  Foolishness and folly  Humans and the natural world/up for what she believes in  The Changling  The Indian boy Titania is caring for  Causes problems in Titania’s relationship with Oberon /" is traditionally June 23/24, a festival of partying and dancing and superstitions regarding enchantment and witchcraft, when midsummer madness, probably associated with the heat,/


Culture & Diversity “Thinking Outside the Boxes”.

in cross-culture interaction. Such an individual is ‘culturally-skilled.” (Sue and Sue 1990) What is Culture?  In its BROADEST sense, culture includes not only race and ethnicity but also:  Social class  Gender  Age  Affectional orientation  Disability  Marital status  Religion, etc. Examples of Culture  Language, Practices, Customs, Food, Clothing, Religion, Superstitions/ African American alone, percent, 2012 (a)28.0%24.9% American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2012 (a)0.5% Asian alone,/


During the 19th Century there were attempts to follow the example of the West in religion and in social and political reform. Educated India became growingly.

Dayanand Saraswati (1824-83) established Arya Samaj and urged a revival of Hinduism in its pristine Vedic form. Cultural and Scientific Awakening The theme of this century was predominantly humanistic and stressed the /superstition and urged people to imbibe the spirit of liberty, equality and free thinking. The Theosophical Society was founded in U.S.A. and the movement grew in India under the leadership of Mrs.Annie Beasant, which glorified Indian religion and philosophical tradition and helped the Indians/


“The more Indians we can kill this year, the less will have to be killed the next war.” -General William Tecumseh Sherman.

to the people around you - reformers believed they would be better off if they abandoned their culture and adopted the culture of white America -established the Bureau of Indian Affairs forced kids to go to school -boys had to cut their hair -wear American /Americans Arizona Connection: Bill Williams – Williams, AZ Pauline Weaver – Weaver’s Needle in the Superstitions Mormons Church founded in 1830 in NY by Joseph Smith Persecuted by religious and political groups Smith & followers moved to OH and then /


Understanding Indian Culture. India Business Quiz.

Indian Culture India Business Quiz What is the most important thing to Business? – Trust – Hard Work – Money – Relationships – All of the Above Question 1 Marriage An Indian wedding is one of those things that you have to see to believe. Marriages are occasions for large get- togethers. Keep in/day on a new job–the average Indian allows auspicious times to dictate his activities. Dont dismiss this belief as superstitious nonsense. Remember that the West has its own superstitions: Friday the 13 th, black cats/


Folk Geography The Human Mosaic Chapter 7. Differences between popular and folk culture  Popular culture –Consists of large masses of people who conform.

superstitions, and customs  Other aspects of nonmaterial culture include dialects, religions, and worldviews  Folk geography—defined as the study of the spatial patterns and ecology of folklife Culture Regions  Folk Culture Regions  Folk Cultural Diffusion  Folk Ecology  Cultural Integration in Folk Geography  Folk Landscapes Material folk culture regions  Vestiges of material folk culture remain in/ rural residents of interior Indian and the Andean highlands –Most live in rocky, deforested lands –/


Hinduism an introduction. The Indian subcontinent includes areas that are now politically separate from India. The Indus Valley, for instance, lies in.

did women and the lower classes participate in the religious development of Hinduism? Explain the importance of the bhakti movement. Explain how the British impacted Hinduism & Indian culture. Comment on how modern history & culture have impacted Hinduism. Why are we / within old culture (sacredness of Ganges, Mt. Meru,) and key festivals, while also adding the popular deities of the time era as well as the culture of India (diet, arranged marriage, etc.)—this tends to put more superstition into the religion/


Declarations in Dialogue Susan Jarratt Comparative Literature Susan Jarratt Comparative Literature.

- the rise of print: a shift from spectacular, iconic cultural to a world of text (Landes; Warner) Viewing changes in this period of revolution as a structural transformation: a set / freedom of religion; opposed censorship,  Attacked abuses of royalty and clergy who perpetrated superstition and intolerance  Wrote 20,000 letters; 2,000 books and pamphlets  Polemics --/taxes on the colonies by the parliament to cover expenses from the French and Indian War (Sugar Act, 1764: Stamp Act, 1765; Tea Act, 1773) /


Tom Peters’ X25* EXCELLENCE. ALWAYS. Re-imagine2007/Focus Conferences Amsterdam/19 December 2006 *In Search of Excellence 1982-2007.

an exec); 2 of 7 Exec Team members are … Indians. (Source: FT/24-25 June.) 85% **Approximately 85% of Unilever’s products are purchased by … women/ Personal. PERSISTENCE. PEOPLE. Potent. Positive. invites “In the end, management doesn’t change culture. Management invites the workforce itself to change the culture.” —Lou Gerstner become more than they’ve ever / option for him.” —Michael Korda, Ulysses Grant Relentless: “One of my superstitions had always been when I started to go anywhere or to do anything, not to/


Ancient Greece n importance to Western culture n fundamental ideas and categories n Individualism and Humanism n the rise of Reason –decline of superstition/religion.

categories n Individualism and Humanism n the rise of Reason –decline of superstition/religion Minoan Culture 2000BCE-1400 n elaborate towns and villages n complex religious ideas n /culture and his people adopted Eastern cultures. Hellenistic culture is the mix of Greek, Middle East and Indian cultures Library at Alexandria encouraged learning 4 Hellenistic societies from Alexander Syria, Pergamum, Macedonia Egypt all conquered by Rome All government in Greek so language spread and business Greek Culture/


Different cowboy jobs… CowboyJob Trail bossIs in charge of the drive Chuck wagonActs as the cook PointKeeps lookout and turns the herd SwingWatches the.

Americans believed belonged to everyone. Taken from BBC bitesize Clash of cultures… Taken from BBC bitesize Native American way of life White Americans/ to the elements, to die Christian preachers thought "...the Indians have no religion, only ignorant superstition". Native American customs of marriage, divorce and exposure of /very lowest ages of human existence". President Jefferson wrote that they were: "...backward in civilisation like beasts". Taken from BBC bitesize Why did the Battle of Little Bighorn/


This program is made possible through a collaborative community-education partnership between The Consortium for Advancements in Health & Human Services,

lives.  Burial customs varied widely from tribe to tribe. Indians disposed of their dead in a variety of ways.  Lets explore the practices of some different/event which just occurs, is "handled," and then forgotten about.  Old beliefs and superstitions, are remembered and acted upon.  There is usually a five to seven day mourning/For the same purpose coins are also placed on or around the grave site.  In the Latino culture, there is a complex relationship between health and illness, as well as the physical/


Essential Questions Essential Questions:  What key changes in Europe took place in the 15 th & 16 th centuries that allowed for overseas colonization?

to the Arrival of Europeans Locations of Major Indian Groups and Culture Areas in the 1600s The Old World Explores The New World Europe in the Middle Ages  Why was it often called the Dark Ages?  Limited Exchange of Ideas  Curiosity and New Learning De-emphasized  Superstition Predominated  Travel Limited  When did this change?  The Crusades Europe in the Middle Ages What effect did the Crusades/


Post Revolutionary War With a new country came the push to prove that we had obtained cultural maturity. Two Schools of Thought Emerged : That America.

came the push to prove that we had obtained cultural maturity. Two Schools of Thought Emerged : That America/ for fast plots/ mixed genres Major Themes 1. Nature Concern with the natural surroundings Delight in unspoiled scenery/ life of the rural dwellers Change is coming/ this is both romantic and // farm life and Indians 2. Lure of the Exotic Love of the picturesque (Poe) Preoccupation with heroic past and the societal ills found within (Hawthorne/ Irving) Delight with Mystery & Superstition (Poe/ Irving) /


GOOD MORNING! It was 3000 years ago, when it was discovered that Earth is round. One photo say it all. It’s a photo taken from the World Tallest building.

and services coupled with a phenomenal entrepreneurial opportunity. Our Values and Culture "The aim of education is the knowledge not of fact, but of/A V Arun, The Smile Center Anna Nagar, Chennai Vice President of Indian Orthodontic Society, he is also a professor with Saveetha Dental College, /, arranging Blood Donation Camps , contributing in crisis management like supporting the people in the natural calamities, accidents, overcoming superstitions etc. www.sarsogoodnessfoundation.net SARSO Portals/


Brinkley Chapter 3 Society and Culture in Provincial America

Culture in Provincial America “The British colonies come of age.” 2008-09 McElhaney Essay 1 “The British colonies were so antagonistic to each other that they were unable to unite to face the attack of common enemies.” Assess the validity of this statement. Essay 2 Though there where many differences in/ a superstition that a snake which had been cut into pieces would come back to life if the pieces were put together before sunset. French and Indian War 1754-1763 French were allied with most Indian tribes /


Quotable Quotes My sincere thanks to the Indian Express for inspiring me to compile these slides. Secondly, my father’s oft repeated phrase “We are born.

tension is plausible Mounting tension is despicable Hysteric tension is deplorable Tension possessed is madness Superstition and Sentiment Are neither congruent nor similar One is cultural and the Other is psychological Ego is like a hard rock Blasting it is dangerous Breaking/Aedhu Irukkan” You depress the person People say God is patient and cool against evil But God says, Indian democracy is subdued and pensive in its look with its fists beneath the chin Perplexed as where to begin One who says his wife /


Chapter 5 AMERICAN CULTURE.

the heavy deist reliance on science, political institutions, & the intellect rather than religious “superstitions.” “Deism influenced, in one way or another, most of the political leaders who designed the new American government/the plains Indians by eradicating their main food source. What unsophisticated American became our biggest cultural “icon”? Why does the USA lead the world in entrepreneurship? Individualism + risk-taking + institutional infrastructure + achievement ethic + commercial culture = /


Culture – Business – Marketing Oct 21, 2003. Globalization…. involves the increasingly rapid diffusion of economic innovation and resultant political.

Culture… Visible culture: customs, clothing, rituals, material culture, physical habits. Invisible culture-Psychological Structures: thoughts, beliefs, superstitions, uses of space and time, values, expectations and assumptions about what is “normal” or “common sense”. Cultural Conflict Cultural/ restrictions Most Indian businesspeople speak English Indians are tolerant of outsiders The country is multilingual and multicultural Indians have a strong sense of history Doing Business in Russia Build /


Latin America. Name Named this because the main languages spoken in the region, Spanish and Portuguese, are derived from Latin. (These are romance languages.)

asserts that these advantages occurred because of the influence of geography on societies and cultures, and were not inherent in genetics. How they did it: – Superstition-The belief that the Spaniards were supernatural gods. – Some believed that the Spaniards were the fulfillment of Indian legends. – The Native Americans were cautious in their dealings with the strange-looking people. How they did it: Superior weapons- Cannons/


South and East Asia. Geographical Context Essential Knowledge Remember prehistory? Ceramics in China date back as far as 18, ,500 BCE. Japanese.

monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent during the 15th century. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of God at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. / Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings (*IS) He sought to bring all people together. Notice the cross- cultural references: sits on a Renaissance carpet; figures of small cherubs- European Look at the content- he prefers meeting with/


 From “Sati”  Online Source: lesson5.php?s=0  The status of widows in many societies has been precarious,

to prohibit sati produced official reports and polemical tracts that gave evidence of cultural arrogance among British officials and missionaries, defensiveness among Indian reformers, and assertiveness among orthodox Hindus  For the stories of Hindu widows/ about economic conditions and religious and social customs in northern India -The Primary Source – Letter dated October 4, 1667 to Monsieur Jean Chapelain that is entitled “Describing the Superstitions, strange customs, and Doctrines of the Indous/


Southern Slavery.

Bacon demanded that Gov. William Berkeley send the militia out to pursue Indians Berkeley refused, and instead ordered the construction of several new forts in the west Bacon responded by offering to organize a volunteer army of back/ of their families Slave Culture Evidences of African culture in the Americas Food Crafts Southern food—grits, rice meals (jambalaya), hot spices Crafts Brooms, baskets, canoes Folk Medicine/Conjurers Mix of medicine, magic, and superstition Conjurers often held great influence/


I. Context—U. S. and Indian peoples in Eastern U. S., Revolution-1820s II. Andrew Jackson and John Ross III. Roots of Removal—Ideology, Economics, and.

in some other region. In nine cases in ten, the tribes have gradually removed west; and there is now a confused assemblage of nations and languages collected on the immense hunting grounds of the Prairies. […] The ordinary manner of the disappearance of the Indian, is by a removal deeper into the forest. Still, many linger near the graves of their fathers, to which their superstitions/


Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Religion: Culture & the Supernatural.

is true or false but with the social organization of religion.  Religion/superstition dichotomy  “Religious economy” – religions can be best understood as organizations in competition with one another for followers. How sociologists think about religion  /powers.  Maintain social solidarity.  Religion and Cultural Ecology  Western economic development experts erroneously cite the Indian cattle taboo to illustrate the idea that religious beliefs stand in the way of rational economic decisions.  Hindus /


Foundational Components of a Culture of Learning.

50% in some cases), hunger and disease (Kirkness, 1998). First Nations language was forbidden and their cultural beliefs were dismissed as superstition (Archibald, 1995, p. 293). The Canadian Government has been instrumental in the destruction of Aboriginal communities, economy, and culture. “The Crown committed cultural genocide /. When you look at that feather you see there are two sides to it; one side is the Indian side, one is the monias side. When the child leaves the school that is how they should be:/


Indian Film Industry Produces more films than Hollywood (1100 vs 500 /yr.) Cheapest tickets in the world 4 billion attendance / year 30 different languages:

traditional dances Highly melodramatic stories Traditionally, no kissing or forbidden topics (censors) Key influence on pop culture throughout Asian subcontinent Becoming more “Western” Some controversial topics Criticized by other regions that favor films /superstitions, veil wearing, yoga, as well as any form of idol worship. Permits widow remarriage. Golden Temple Amritsar, India Jainism 800 BCE 1 % of Indian population Does not include a belief in an omnipotent supreme being or creator, but rather in/


Tom Peters’ X25* Enthusiasm. Energy. Empathy. Execution. Excellence. Always. XAlways.ROCHE.ATHENS.11 January 2007 *In Search of Excellence 1982-2007.

of Directors members is a woman (not an exec); 2 of 7 Exec Team members are … Indians. (Source: FT/24-25 June.) **Approximately 85% of Unilever’s products are purchased by … /PERSISTENCE. PEOPLE. Potent. Positive. invites “In the end, management doesn’t change culture. Management invites the workforce itself to change the culture.” —Lou Gerstner become more than they’ve/, until the thing intended was accomplished.” Relentless: “One of my superstitions had always been when I started to go anywhere or to do /


SOIL AND SHOWER OF HIV / AIDS IN INDIA DISCUSSION FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE Dr. A.K.AVASARALA, MD PROFESSOR & HEAD DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNTIY MEDICINE AND EPIDEMIOLOGY.

COIN WHY HIV INVADED&SETTLED INDIA INDIAN SOCIETY CHANGED IN FAVOUR OF HIV - 5 HIV / AIDS IN INDIA IS NOT JUST DUE TO HIV ALONE (THE SEED) SOCIETAL CHANGE (SHOWER) ACCULTURATION EFFECTS CULTURAL CHANGES-- INCREASE IN -VE LIFE STYLES REGARDIG SEXUAL / THE COMEDIANS. EVEN FOR JOKE, WRONG MESSAGES SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN AS THEY BREED RUMORS AND SUPERSTITIONS AS HALF OF THE INDIAN COMMUNITY IS ILLTERATE. SUICIDES AFTER HIV POSITIVE DECLARATION ARE STILL HAPPENING.EFFECTIVE POST-TEST COUNSELLING IS IMPERATIVE/


Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources Second Edition Chapter 15 Cultural Transformations: Religion and Science, 1450–1750 Copyright ©

especially to women, its followers disregarded caste and engaged in social criticism of inequality. 2. Mirbai (1498–1547): A popular bhakti poet, this high-caste northern Indian woman rejected caste privilege and distinction as well as /translated. While practical knowledge was welcome, there were various traditions, superstitions, and cultural prejudices that blocked the widespread acceptance of western science. IV. Reflections: Cultural Borrowing and Its Hazards A. Early modern ideas today: Survival /


American Life in the Seventeenth Century Chapter 4.

 Were the Salem Witch Trials a abnormal moment in an age of superstition or did they reflect common human social and psychological anxieties that could appear in any age?  Considering the extreme cultural and economic differences between the New England and Southern / against Governor Berkeley of Virginia  Bacon’s people opposed Berkeley’s Indian policies  Bacon wanted Indians expelled or exterminated from land  Berkley and supporters opposed because they wanted to keep tenant farmers laborers and/


Medicinal Plants.

in 1450 allowed wide dissemination of knowledge. A word for you (that won’t be on the test): incunabula: a book published before 1500. Many herbals, illustrated books describing plants and their uses, were published. Practical uses together with a lot of mysticism, superstition/and water. Traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda (traditional Indian medicine) are also alternative theories of medicine that remain/ (especially if they are not common in your culture). People of television are speaking directly /


The British Museum and the Enlightenment: Collecting Cultures Mark Knights.

Glasgow. Public science Religion Increased awareness of the variety of religious practices Idea of stages of religious worship: superstition to rational enlightenment. Initial worship of fetishes or animals; or the phallus [Richard Payne Knight, 1786]/ the Bhagavad Gita, the sanskrit text; Ed Moor gave illustrated account of Indian deities in Hindu Pantheon (1810) Idea of single common religious and cultural heritage which, through migration and separation, had changed. Ethnography Exploration encouraged the/


Cross Cultural Communication Professor Dr. Dolores Sanchez Bengoa

video YouTube: Meeting with Indians (white marker advertisement) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YiHUw-Hz3BU Cross cultural communication definition Main problems in intercultural communication Cultural blindness Tools for understanding different cultures and its impact on / (SRC) incorporate always the values of the new culture and then act Green marketing and consumer behaviour Aspects of the product (colours, shapes, sizes), superstition (numbers 4) Summary YouTube Video America and Japanese business/


Chapter 12 Managing Cultural Differences John S. Hill.

 Been around for 3 million years  Africa, Australia (Aborigine), SE Asia, Pacific Islands, North and South America (Indian communities); cults and superstitions in west  Tend to be tribally based; passed on orally between generations; relationship with nature; personal, social and cosmic harmony important; ancestor worship Cultural Underpinnings of High-Low Context Behaviors—the “whys”  Polytheistic Religions  Hinduism  1500BC beginnings; today 1 billion followers  Major/


The French and Indian War and the End of Salutary Neglect.

The French and Indian War and the End of Salutary Neglect Immigration, Education, and Culture  Most populous colonies-Virginia, /fought for expansion, territory, raw materials, new markets for exports French and Indian War most important in shaping Americas identity Washingtons role (The Journal of Major George Washington) Fort Necessity Outnumbered, surrendered-/point about the importance of colonial unity. At the time, there was a superstition that a snake which had been cut into pieces would come back to life/


GRIC Case Study Permit Review Dan Blair, Compliance and Enforcement Mgr. Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) Department of Environmental Quality.

Indian Community (GRIC) Department of Environmental Quality Background: Gila River Indian Community  Akimel O’odham (Pima) & Pii Pash (Maricopa)  Located in Maricopa & Pinal counties  Established in/ impacts on  Visibility  Soils  Vegetation in two Class I areas within 100 km Superstition Wilderness Area (55km) and Saguaro West National Park/concerning  High NOx emissions  Cultural concerns  Adverse air quality impacts  Pinal County reevaluated BACT analysis in response to GRIC comments, required /


Colonization The Colonies, circa 1750. Objectives Evaluate the lives of colonists in the Chesapeake region and how disease, family life, crop demands,

as evangelical religion, education, press freedom, and self- government. What about the Indians? Disorganization - No dense concentrations of population as in the Aztec empire. –Indian in-fighting Perished from Old World diseases. English had different views of natives than the Spanish –Did not marry or incorporate indigenous culture into their own – disposability. Life in the South Short life expectancy –Disease-ravaged environment –Almost no grandparents, few/


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