Ppt on sub soil investigation

Soils Soil forms the thin surface layer of the earth’s surface.

erosion are too rapid to allow for soil development Other topics to investigate Irish Soils Causes of desertification in the Sahel Soil Conservation Exam Brief - Geoecology Option Examine the general characteristics of any one soil type that you have studied (2006 / because plant roots, bacteria, fungi and animals such as earthworms are abundant. Exam Brief B Horizon Also called the sub-soil – light brown colour – Much of the material washed down accumulated here. The humus content decreases with depth and /

Liulin-F charged particle telescope for radiation environment investigation aboard Phobos-Grunt interplanetary spacecraft SES 2010, Sofia, 2-4 November,

measures the energy deposition spectrum in the range 0.1-10 MeV (in 2 sub-ranges), and the other in the range 0.3-70 MeV (in 2 sub- ranges).  Energy deposition spectrum. One of detectors in every telescope measures the /. G. Deangelis (Italy) CONCLUSION  The experiment Liulin - F for investigating the radiation environment during the cruise phase, in Mars orbit and on the surface of Phobos has been selected for future Phobos-Soil space mission.  Flight model of Liulin-F has been created, calibrated /

Air, Water and Land Pollution Chapter 4: Soils and Land Contamination Copyright © 2009 by DBS.

Soils with subsurface clay accumulation, rich in sodium (form in arid regions with intermittent rainfall) Soils and Land Contamination Soil Resources Types of Soil World Reference Base (WRB) soil classification system –National and local use –Defines 30 distinct soil groups and many more sub/ chemicals Soils and Land Contamination Land Contamination and Regeneration Risk-Based Land Management Environmental Fate and Transport –Physiochemical properties used to: (i) direct site investigation techniques /

Winter and its effects on Soil Respiration Sara Fairchild Winter Ecology – Spring 2009 Mountain Research Station – University of Colorado, Boulder.

Points Temperature and moisture in relation to respiration Temperature and moisture in relation to respiration Soil microbial biomass in the sub-alpine forest Soil microbial biomass in the sub-alpine forest Article Two Long Term Ecological Research: The Landscape Continuum Model: A Biogeochemical Paradigm for High Elevation Ecosystems Principle investigator: Mark W. Williams University of Colroado Boulder Key Points Unique winter microbial community Unique winter/

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Great Lakes Tributary Modeling Program 516(e) Landuse BMP Discussion & SWAT (Soil Water Assessment Tool) Workshop June 22,

yield within the Cattaraugus Creek watershed Engage stakeholders in knowledge transfer and encourage better landuse practices to reduce soil erosion and deposition at the mouth of Cattaraugus Creek into Lake Erie. Combine and compare the results from/and social issues at play within the Clear Creek sub-basin. Use established baseline models to illustrate average and peak runoff and sediment yield numbers for the sub-basin. Investigate alternative agricultural practices to model changes in sediment yield /

Soil and Earth Works Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Civil Engineering Department Lecture 2 - Week 1 2 nd Semester 2008/2009 UP Copyrights.

investigate the properties, behavior of soil as a construction and foundation material.  Soil Formation  Residual Soil. (granite, basalt, limestone,…etc)  Transported Soil.  Soil Structure:  Coarse grained soil (cohesive less soil) diameter > 0.002 mm (Gravel زلط, sand رمل ….etc)  Fine grained soil (cohesive soil)- diameter < 0.002 mm (Clay طين, silt طمي, …etc ) Objectives, components, applications of Soil Index Properties of soil Soil/the finished project. The good sub-grade material is also scraped /

Step 1: Do Exclusion Criteria Exist? Soil Phase TPH Oxygen in Vadose Zone –CA & NJ for sure Soil Headspace PID Data (<100 ppmv) If they do not exist,

ug/L If 5’ of Biozone, benzene up to 100 ug/L Bioattenuation zone: TPH-soil < 100 mg/kg Site Screens Out from VI Pathway if: NJDEP Gasoline Exclusion Criteria VI Investigation is not required when:  ≥10 ft between water table and foundation and benzene in /Air SS SLs Can Be < Ambient Air SS Data Are Poor Predictors of IA!! 100:1 10:11:1 100*C bkgd Indoor Air & Sub-slab Vapor -- TCE TPH Compounds Typical –BTEX (BE only risk drivers) –Methane –Naphthalene (risk about same as benzene) Some States: –Aliphatics/

Oct 16, 2012 Slide 1 Change Detection: An Inter-disciplinary Investigation Across Climate Sc., Computer Sc./Eng., Statistics, & Remote sensing On site.

1 Change Detection: An Inter-disciplinary Investigation Across Climate Sc., Computer Sc./Eng/remotely sensed data ? Identify appropriate variable to detect Sahel (and droughts) from among precipitation, soil moisture, vegetation, water supplies, etc. How does one efficiently find Sahel-footprint given Savanna/ [1] Xun Zhou, Shashi Shekhar, Pradeep Mohan, Stefan Liess, Peter K. Snyder: Discovering interesting sub-paths in spatiotemporal datasets: a summary of results. GIS 2011: 44-53 [2] Need publications from/

High Resolution Site Characterization and the Triad Approach Seth Pitkin Triad Investigations: New Approaches and Innovative Strategies June 2008.

Media B.L. Parker 21 Contents 1 Spatial Variability in Porous Media 2Contaminants in Fractured Rock 3 High Resolution Site Investigations 22 High Resolution Approach ■ Transect: Line of vertical profiles oriented normal to the direction of the hydraulic gradient (Horizontal/Profile PCETCE1,1,1- TCA 1,2-DCEHeadIk 28 Waterloo APS : Finding What Others Missed 29 Soil Subcore Profiling: What’s in the Aquitard? 30 Soil Sub-Core Sampling: Near- Real Time, Closely Spaced Profile 31 B.L. Parker 32 Rock Core Sampling/

The investigated parameters of the soil samples Rough sand ( 2,0 - 0,2 mm) Fine sand ( 0,2 –0,02 mm ) Dust ( 0,02 – 0,002 mm ) Colloid clay ( sub 0,002.

The investigated parameters of the soil samples Rough sand ( 2,0 - 0,2 mm) Fine sand ( 0,2 –0,02 mm ) Dust ( 0,02 – 0,002 mm ) Colloid clay ( sub 0,002 mm ) Physical clay ( sub 0,01 mm ) pH in water Carbonate ( CaCO 3 ) Humus Phosphorus mobile /Zinc Physical-chemical parameters Lead Physical-chemical parameters Manganese Physical-chemical parameters Iron P-mobile – K-mobile regression in the Romanian soil samples X versus Y Plot X = VAR1, Y = VAR2 from file: Temporary.TEX Variable Mean Variance Std.Dev. VAR1/

Groundwater Pollution 150415 GW 8 Bemidji – Investigating the Site and Monitoring.

concerning cleanup of contaminated ground water. Biodegradation of petroleum-derived hydrocarbons in oxic and sub-oxic environments is generally considered a more efficient attenuation mechanism than is biodegradation in/. The first steps are called remedial ( 개선의 ) investigation ( 연구 ) (RI) activities ( 행위 ) Removal of contamination sources Doing some soil borings ( 구멍뚫기 ) Making groundwater monitoring ( 모니터 ) wells Soil sample collection and analysis Groundwater sample collection and analysis Aquifer/

Environmental monitoring and investigations in Gale Crater by MSL: Highlights from the first 360 sols Claire Newman (Ashima Research) and the MSL Science.

extrapolating to the past Provides insight into past climate states Motivation for environmental monitoring Selected highlights from MSLs environmental investigations Water in the atmosphere [REMS RH] Diurnal cycles of temperature and relative humidity over three sols NOTE: / to observations Overall, best fit parameters are consistent with sand-sized soil particles Remaining mismatches suggest a more complex response to incident solar insolation, due to e.g. sub-surface layering Hour (LMST) 0 4 8 12 16 20 24/

Supporting documents Implement Work Plan Sub-Area CSM Sub-Area DQOs Sub-Area Work Plan (contains Sub-Area CSM and Sub-Area DQOs) BRC Decision 1. BRC Common.

6 3. Partial List of Supplemental Documents Site Related Chemicals Document Background and Upgradient Conditions Documents for a variety of soil and groundwater horizons. Dust Mitigation Work Plan Health and Safety Plan Perimeter Air Monitoring Plan Field SOPs Project QAPP Data/In addition, as neighboring sub-areas are investigated and remediated the conditions and CSM will change. Some discussion will be needed so that the redevelopment of these sub-area CSMs is not onerous.  On a sub-area basis DQO steps /

Soil warming experiments: bringing the climate to the soil or the soil to the climate? Michael Zimmermann BOKU University, Vienna, Austria.

M et al., 2004, Journal of Plant Nutrition & Soil Science, 167, 457-470 Soil microbial communities in (sub)alpine grasslands indicate a moderate shift towards new environmental conditions 11 years after soil translocation Budge K et al., 2011, Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 1148-1154 Resampled cores from Egli et al. after 11 years Scope: Investigate differences in soil microbial communities across an altitudinal gradient and the long/

PC-based GIS tool for watershed modeling –KINEROS & SWAT (modular) Investigate the impacts of land cover change on runoff, erosion, water quality Targeted.

changes in the US and associated impacts on runoff volume, water quality Investigate historical changes using repeat imagery (San Pedro, Catskill/Delaware) Investigate spatially distributed hydrologic processes using single scenes (Las Vegas) Forward looks with/ calibration for accuracy Subdivision of the watershed is based on topography - prefer it based on intersection of soil, lc, topography No sub-pixel variability in source (GIS) data - condition, temporal (seasonal, annual) variability - MRLC created /

HYDRO GEO CHEM INC. by www.hgcinc.com Systematic Remedial Methodology for Chlorinated VOC Contamination of Soils and Groundwater Underlying Desert Landfills.

serious this problem might be, the City of Tucson has concluded, based on a proactive series of extensive remedial investigations, that all of their 40- some unlined or partially-lined landfills have likely contaminated groundwater with VCOCs*. *R./aerobic biodegradation (bioventing) HYDRO GEO CHEM INC. Summary of Data Needed for Effective Design of Sub-Landfill SVE Horizontal and Vertical Soil Air Permeability Provide Achievable Subsurface Air Circulation Rate per SVE Well Determine Minimum Number of SVE /

Modeling Investigation of Water Partitioning at a Semi-arid Hillslope Huade Guan, John L. Wilson Dept. of Earth and Environmental Science, NMT Brent D.

Modeling Investigation of Water Partitioning at a Semi-arid Hillslope Huade Guan, John L. Wilson Dept. of Earth and Environmental Science,/Root density profile –Precipitation and other meteoric parameters –Soil moisture –Surface runoff and interflow –Root-derived macropore flow We don’t know –ET –Percolation Modeling challenges Modeling ET –System-dependent ET model –Appropriate root-water-uptake model Modeling macropores –Root-derived macropores –Sub-parallel to the slope Numerical issues –Highly non-linear/

University of Illinois Contribution on Analytical Investigation Amr S. Elnashai Sung Jig Kim Curtis Holub Narutoshi Nakata Oh Sung Kwon.

Tested Structure UI-SIMCOR Disp. Force Soil & Foundation Module (OpenSees) Disp. Force Structural Module (Zeus-NL) Multi-Platform Simulation Framework  Key components of implementation –PSD test integration scheme: α-OS method –Sub-structuring technique –Communication between each /4 Bridge was selected as the prototype for experimental investigation –Using Zeus-NL with strong motion records, the effect of vertical ground motion on bridge pier will be investigated –2~3 strong motion records will be selected/

CONSTIPATION Dr. Soad Jaber 2009. Constipation  Physiology of defecation  Understand the differences between  Constipation  Encorporesis  Soiling.

stretch of internal sphincter Neurogenic Soiling: Soiling which occur due to neurological abnormalities: Soiling which occur due to neurological /  Empty rectum on examination Normal anal tone  Absence of ganglia in rectal sub mucosal biopsy  Barium enema  transition zone  Manometery --- absence of internal / death RareBoysAzospermia infertility Liver obstructive jaundice biliary cirrhosis Gallbladder Gall stones Investigation: 1. 24 hour stool chymotripsin 2. True test for pancreatic function :/

Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: impacts and adaptation CLIMAFRICA Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: impacts and adaptations.

al. 2010 Climate change predictions in Sub-Saharan Africa: impacts and adaptation WP1 – data already available internally to the project (from Martin Jung and Uli Weber, MPI) daily meteorology from 1901-2010 soil texture historical land cover/use from/, among others, a computable general equilibrium model, ICES, developed at the CMCC. The main advantage of this investigation approach is to depict the economy as a system where goods and factor markets interacts domestically and internationally. Price effects/

Welcome to the A’ Level Geographical Fieldwork and Skills Day

and why does vegetation change across a psammosere at Llobregat delta, Barcelona? Purpose of the investigation: Aims, Hypotheses, Location & Theory Aim – what it it? / Click to reveal/annotations maritime influence is minimal well sheltered from winds acidic soil nutrient rich soil has high organic matter content pH 4 % OM 12/ Psammosere: summary of stages Succession / pioneer / sereal stage / climatic climax / sub-climax / plagio climax / psammosere Theoretical background review again – need to specify plant/

THE LECTURE Soil and health. Problems of protecting the soil. Bases of the sanitary cleaning of the inhabited places. Hygiene of habitation. Microclimate,

soils (>80% of clay), chalk soils, lessic soils (mixture of small sand particles with lime clay), black earth (>20% of humus), turf soils etc. In pity soil the main component is organic substances of soil. The soil, which content the big-size of grain (sand, subs /4 times higher than light returning of bulbs. That’s why they are more economic. During numerous comparative investigations with bulbs on industrial plants, in schools, hospitals, lecture rooms objective induces, which characterise the nervous /

Chapter 2 a Soils & Excavation Building Foundations The purpose of foundations is to provide stability and to safely transfer building loads to the earth.

a good base for bearing capacity under buildings. Caliche – actually is soil with a high content of calcium carbonate. Is strong when dry but unstable when wet. Good for a sub layer for concrete and asphalt roads when protected from absorbing moisture. Not/ washing downhill from someplace else moving to lower levels until it ends at a playa lake. Soil Investigation Who needs to know soil characteristics? Who needs to know soil characteristics? When do they need to know them? When do they need to know them? /

Presented by: Farzad Dadgari Soils & Environmental Specialist, SWHISA.

instructions on how to make SOPs of the other categories;  Methodical SOPs: Describing a complete testing system or method of investigation;  SOPs for receiving and registration of samples.  SOPs for safety precautions.  SOPs for instruments, apparatus and other / 1. Preliminary operation room(s) for a)weighing, including sub-sampling, and b) extraction, oxidation, ad drying; 2. Room(s) for physical analysis of soils such as soil moisture retention, specific surface area, bulk density, and particle size/

Investigating Hydrological Change WJEC. Contents Hydrological processes Causes and consequences of flooding Flood management.

Investigating / system Elements of the system Name each store ? Surface storage - lakes, rivers, sea, depression storage ? Interception by vegetation ? Soil water storage Groundwater storage ? Name each transfer ? Surface (overland) runoff ? Throughfall + stemflow Infiltration Percolation ? ? ? Groundwater (/the size of Spain Flows through S. Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, N. Argentina, and E. Bolivia 4 sub-basins; Parana (most important and 2 nd largest in S. America. 4000 km long international basin), Paraguay,/

Rachel Holt and Greg Utzig Veridian Ecological Consulting Kutenai Nature Investigations Nelson, BC CANADA Climate Vulnerability and Resilience Adaptation.

2050s ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES West Kootenay Forest Managers Climate Change Impacts – South Sub-Region SUMMER (June – Aug.) FOREST MANAGEMENT IMPACTS -7 to -/Temperature and Precipitation Blue diamonds recommended scenarios Green/ Purple - scenarios investigated for the West Kootenays MIROC32hires A1B-run1 Very Hot/ Dry Hot/utilities Ongoing future risks Precipitation 2012 Johnson’s Landing Increased Soil Moisture Decreased Soil Strength Landslide Impacts TMTV Vulnerabilities  Changing disturbance regimes (e/


CYCLE THE EFFECT OF SOILS USE TOWARD HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE THE HYDROLOGY CONTINUITY EQUATION INVOLVING PROCESSES 1.EvaporationEvaporation 2.CondensationCondensation 3.PrecipitationPrecipitation 4.Surface RunoffSurface Runoff 5.InterceptionInterception 6.TranspirationTranspiration 7.InfiltrationInfiltration 8.Sub-surface RunoffSub-surface Runoff calculate water balance Basic Hydrology Concept Water is vital for all living organisms on Earth. For centuries, people have been investigating where water comes from/

Accident Investigation and Root Cause Analysis. Why Determine Root Cause?

Collapse Incident Summary, Root Cause Analysis, Lessons Learnt & Corrective Actions Incident Investigations – Key Concepts Incident Photo Storyboard What happened Waterproofing blanket Standard mast section / flagman states that he attempted to direct 4 workers who were doing soil backfilling to leave the area. Two of them left and the other / work) Establish monthly Safety Leadership Team calls (Senior leadership GE, PM, GC & Subs) Lessons Learnt – PM Global EHS Actions 1. Issued Global Crane Safety Alert to/

Subsurface exploration and sampling

the accumulated experience of other engineers.   Soil classification does not remove the need for detailed soil investigations or testing of the soil, but it gives the engineer the general behavior of the soil. The Unified Soil Classification System (USCS) and the American /classification system to indicate the behavior of materials used as highway sub-grades. The AASHTO System uses seven basic soil groups designated A-1 through A-7, the soil is placed in the groups by performance characteristics. A-1 is/


site investigation and laboratory testing and subsequently with the design of foundation as well as the engineering situation both during and after construction. Common soil classification systems used in civil engineering practice: British soil classification system (BS) The Unified soil classification / >75mm) is found in the soil, then they are not used in the analysis. Good quality soil for sub grade has low GI Group index (GI) is used to evaluate the quality of the soil as sub-grade material. GI= (F-35/

(sub continental in scale)

of different scales of climatic investigations macroclimate- largest area of study, area extends for 4 x 108 m2, up to 6000 m vertically (continental in scale) mesoclimate- 103 m2 up to 4 x 108 m2 in area (sub continental in scale) Local climate/annual range). Every month has precipitation and no month is deficient in rainfall. This high amount of rainfall keeps the soil moisture at capacity. EVT occurs at potential rate Am- Tropical monsoonal climate Diurnal temperature range is greater than the difference /

Case Study Tower Crane Collapse Incident Summary, Root Cause Analysis, Lessons Learnt & Corrective Actions Incident Investigations – Key Concepts.

flagman states that he attempted to direct 4 workers who were doing soil backfilling to leave the area. Two of them left and the other/analysis identifying the root causes). Identify the key corrective actions and Lessons Learnt Investigation Findings Root Causes Analysis Incident Summary Four tower cranes mobilized on a construction project/ work) Establish monthly Safety Leadership Team calls (Senior leadership GE, PM, GC & Subs) Lessons Learnt – PM Global EHS Actions 1. Issued Global Crane Safety Alert to/

Soil CO 2 Efflux from a Subalpine Catchment Diego A. Riveros-Iregui 1, Brian L. McGlynn 1, Vincent J. Pacific 1, Howard E. Epstein 2, Daniel L. Welsch,

across environmental gradients. Long-term monitoring of soil respiration, soil moisture, and soil temperature at 62 sites across the watershed. Continuous measurements of soil respiration in riparian and upland settings. Land cover analysis from Airborne Laser Swath Mapping (ALSM) sub-meter topographic and vegetation data. These methods are targeted to investigate the effect of heterogeneity of biophysical controls on soil CO 2 efflux at the watershed scale/

What Neighborhood Are You In? Empirical Findings of Relationships between Residential Location, Lifestyle, and Travel Project Investigators: Jane Lin,

National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) 2001 data BostonChicago Los AngelesNY city Mode share by neighborhood type INTEGRATED ELECTROCHEMICAL SOIL REMEDIATION Investigator: Krishna R. Reddy, Department of Civil & Materials Engineering Prime Grant Support: National Science Foundation Problem Statement/single cylinder engine. In collaboration with CAT the KIVA-3V code will be developed further and various sub-models, such as for fluid breakup, will be improved. Parametric studies will be performed to quantify /

Land Degradation Due to Agriculture: Part 3 Impacts of Deforestation and Soil Erosion Fall 2012, Lecture 7.

Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles (Merina is the largest cultural sub-group) Collapse of the monarchy occurred in 1896 when the island was /51 Effects of Deforestation Deforestation has a number of effects  Soil erosion Soil erosion has decreased agricultural yields Soil erosion into the ocean also blankets coral reefs with sediment, killing/ rupture on that fault 73 Discovery of a New Fault Post earthquake investigations suggest shortening as well as strike slip movement The data suggest a different/

Soil Mechanics-II Course Overview and objetices

factors (such as water bonding in clays). Different soil has different permeabilities. The permeability of soils has a decisive effect on the stability of foundations, seepage loss through embankments of reservoirs, drainage of sub grades, excavation of open cuts in water bearing / permeability)with units of velocity. A is the cross-sectional area of soil normal to the direction of flow It is found that, on the basis of extensive investigations made since Darcy introduced his law in 1856, this law is valid /

NASA SPoRT SAC Review Huntsville, Alabama 21-22 November 2005 Satellite-derived fields for Estimating Soil Moisture for Regional WRF Model Initialization.

quantifying cloud albedo, radiative transfer effects in clear and cloudy atmospheres Several methods using GOES/Meteosat/GMS data by independent investigators Daily S o usually with < 10% error versus pyranometers 20 km resolution S o Product: North and South /coupling between the surface and the atmosphere. The NOAH-LSM uses a 4-layer soil moisture model to handle the exchange of soil water between the surface, sub-surface and atmosphere. Under high vegetative cover, ALEXI loses some sensitivity to handle/

Recommendation for working out a new soil ranking system based on the results of the SOILMAP project László Manczinger Department of Microbiology, Faculty.

places A: upper layer : 0-20 cm B: lower layer : 20-40 cm The sampling places on the map of the region The investigated parameters of the soil samples Rough sand ( 2,0 - 0,2 mm) Fine sand ( 0,2 –0,02 mm ) Dust ( 0,02 – 0,002 mm ) Colloid/ clay ( sub 0,002 mm ) Physical clay ( sub 0,01 mm ) pH in water Carbonate ( CaCO 3 ) Humus Phosphorus mobile ( P mobile ) recalc pH Potassium mobile (K mobile ) Zinc /

Jennifer Adam, Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering Soil Seminar Series January 31, 2011 E ARTH S YSTEM M ODELING : A F RAMEWORK FOR.

; can be used for policy scenario investigation *Model outputs more directly relevant for /Sub-models:  Snow  Frozen ground/permafrost  Lakes/wetlands UW/Princeton Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) Model L ARGE -S CALE H YDROLOGY : VIC (V ARIABLE I NFILTRATION C APACITY M ODEL )  Developed by Claudio Stöckle at WSU  Crop development and growth (unstressed or stressed)  Simulation of growth under increased atmospheric CO 2 concentration  Water and nitrogen balance  Salinity  Residue fate  Soil/

SIVA 1 Soil Mechanics-II Soil Stabilization and Improvement Dr. Attaullah Shah ground.

(such as water bonding in clays). Different soil has different permeabilities. 17 The permeability of soils has a decisive effect on the stability of foundations, seepage loss through embankments of reservoirs, drainage of sub grades, excavation of open cuts in water /permeability)with units of velocity.  A is the cross-sectional area of soil normal to the direction of flow  It is found that, on the basis of extensive investigations made since Darcy introduced his law in 1856, this law is valid strictly /

1 Pavement Lifting & Soil Stabilization Control STABILIZATION AND LIFTING of PAVEMENT STRUCTURES with EXPANSIVE STRUCTURAL POLYMER Norberto Laureano Regional.

cells” structural support 17 URETEK DEEP INJECTION PROCESS Fixes the problem by stabilizing the soils and increasing the load bearing capacity of the sub-base in order to better support the load Fixes the symptom of the problem by/URETEK materials and processes QUALITY / IMPROVEMENT 30 RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Program Develop and Refine Techniques Research New Applications Investigate Material Properties and Behavior QUALITY / IMPROVEMENT 31 DOD PROJECTS LIST ANDREWS AIR FORCE BASE AIRFIELD REPAIR ADR RESEARCH/

Minimum Data Set and the Framework for Sampling Dynamic Soil Properties Arlene Tugel Soil Scientist Interpretations Staff, NSSC National State Soil Scientist.

Soil Services Susan Andrews, Director, Soil Quality Team Larry West, National Leader, Investigations Arlene Tugel, Soil Scientist, Interpretations Jeff Herrick, Research Soil Scientist, ARS Vision Enhance NCSS data and products with information about how soils change. Overall strategy Select priority benchmark soils Gather dynamic soil/ 2 cm to base of A B to 25 cm PG-S = perennial grass-shrub sub-state; AG = Annual grass (cheat grass) sub-state; n=4 = Median = Mean High and low values of reference state C. /

Soil nutrient dynamics and rye cover crop efficacy to remediate nutrient accumulation in broiler litter amended soils Annesly Netthisinghe, Becky Gilfillen,

consisting of year as main plot and factorial combinations of broiler litter fertility regimes and cover crop treatments as sub-plot was utilized. Soil samples were analyzed for P, K, Mg, S, Cu, Zn, Fe, and Na contents. Results / cover cropping as a best management practice to remediate soil nutrient accumulation by poultry litter amendment. The objective of this study was to investigate if harvesting rye as a cover crop would reduce soil nutrient loading from broiler litter better than sorghum-sudangrass/

Spatial and Temporal Variability of Soil Moisture in North America American Geophysical Union- European Geophysical Society Joint Meeting April 8, 2003.

variability Drive a Hydrologic Model with well-known P, T, reproduce Q, derive snow, soil moisture, ET Implementation Strategy  VIC model implemented for 15 sub-regions, with consistent forcings.  Surface forcing data:  Daily precipitation; maximum and minimum /to 0.5º Soil Moisture: VIC retrospective land surface dataset (1950-1999). Original data at 1/8º resolution is aggregated to 0.5º Study Domain and Datasets Investigating Sea Surface Temperature/Soil Moisture Teleconnections Teleconnection between/

Course Title : Master Seminar Course No : SOILS - 591.

following basic primary data need to be recorded for each plot: » Dry matter (D.M.) yield for the whole plant or sub-divided into plant parts. » Total N concentration (% N in dry matter) of the whole plant or plant parts. This is / sludge (SS) on growth indices, yield, and nutrient uptake in Komatsuna (Brassica campestris var. perviridis) grown in a low fertility soil were investigated and compared with those of chemical fertilizer (CF) and no-fertilizer (NF) treatments. » The N-use efficiencies of CF and SS/

Carbon Dioxide Fluxes in a Forest Soil in the Citronelle Oil Field of South Alabama Latasha Lyte and E.Z. Nyakatawa Department of Natural Resources and.

. Department of Energy, grant no. DE-FC26-06NT4302 and supported by Title III. Figure 1. Soil CO2 fluxes from forest soils around oil wells, Citronelle, AL OBJECTIVES 1) To measure soil CO 2 fluxes in a forest soil around CO 2 injection and producer oil wells 2) To investigate sub-surface vertical migration of CO 2 around CO 2 injection and producer oil wells 3) To/


Shah(46) Abhay Nainani(01) Dharamraj Vaghela(57) METHODS OF SUBSOIL INVESTIGATION DIRECT METHODS 1)TEST PITS 2)TRIAL PITS 3)TRENCHES 4)DRIFTS,SHAFTS/and shell boring If the sides of the bore hole cannot remain unsupported, the soil is prevented from falling by the means of cylindrical “shell” or “casing”/ ray can return to the Earth’s surface. Seismic reflection: ◦ provides a detailed picture of sub surface structure & interfaces; ◦ depths determined by observing travel times of P waves generated near surface/

SPT (standard penetration test) CPT (cone penetration test)

SPT (standard penetration test) CPT (cone penetration test) Geotechnical Site Investigation measured & derived geotechnical parameters Part ONE Common in situ tests SPT (standard penetration test) CPT (cone penetration test) FVT (vane shear /e-0.0147N Where, N = average SPT value of strata (soil layer) Peck, R. et al., 1974. Foundation Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, New York 19/9/2010 MGSS/workshop Dr Win Naing MGSS/workshop Dr Win Naing SPT vs. Coefficient of sub-grade reaction SPT-N 8 10 15 20 30 k (kN//

YHKGEWEX May June 2007 Land Surface Flux Workshop Soil moisture retrieval from space a review? Claire Gruhier, Silvia Juglea, Patricia deRosnay and Yann.

; SM* retrieved Surface Soil Moisture PR = (Tbv-TBh)/(TBv+TBh) ; Polarization ratio from AMSR BT measurements Cost function based on minimization of RMSE Validation of correlation, RMSE, Efficiency, Mean Bias On going: investigate further statistical inversion (multi /Workshop EVOLUTION OF SOIL MOISTURE FOR JULY SMMR (regression AMSR) YHKGEWEX May June 2007 Land Surface Flux Workshop Issues Topography Mixed pixels Sub pixel heterogeneity Saturations (water, forests, snow?) Root Zone Soil moisture, Freezing /

An investigation into fungal strains bio- extraction of metal impurities from aqueous effluents emanating from Ekhuruleni (Gauteng, South Africa) metallurgical.

Mines and environment effects Pollution of the surrounding (water and soil): mines drainage and waste Objectives The main objectives of this study where: - To investigate on fungal strains surviving in the contaminated soil surrounding mines areas in Gauteng -To study their possible capacity/ fourth to the 7th day, plates were screened for different types of fungal colonies. These isolated fungal colonies were sub-cultured on PDA, Czapek 20 (CY20S), Czapek (CZ) and malt extract agar (MEA) (Klich, 2002) under/

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