Ppt on solar energy conservation

Nonrenewable and Renewable Energy

are the two types of nuclear waste? 22. Why is energy conservation important? Review Questions 21. List some common forms of nondepletable, potentially renewable, and nonrenewable energy sources. 22. Why is energy conservation important? 23. What is meant by “energy efficiency” as opposed to energy conservation? 24. What is passive solar design Review Questions 25. What produces the energy found in biomass? 27. Distinguish between modern carbon and fossil carbon/


11 A Systems Approach to Energy Transitions Developed by a multidisciplinary team of faculty and staff from xx colleges at Cornell University February.

–Geothermal heat pumps –Hydropower – small and large scale –Insulation of buildings –Leak sealing –High efficiency appliances –Solar thermal heating –Transportation options –Biodiesel –Other home conservation © Cornell Systems Engineering, 201140 Report Format Explanatory general text Fact Sheets for different energy sources and conservation methods More detailed appendices for different energy sources and conservation methods Excel spreadsheet to calculate and report on comparisons of different sources or/


1 Renewable Energy AND Youth Employment By Prof. M.N. Reddy Chairman Swamy Ramananda Tirtha Rural Institute Jalalpur(V), Pochampally(M), Nalgonda District-508284.

other fossil fuels. –Reduction in environment pollution. –Improving the productivity by diverting the energy conserved for industrial and agriculture sector. 30 This technology is applied in building construction activities. Depending on the climate zones solar passive architecture features are incorporated in the building design. This will help in conservation of conventional energy sources up to 30%. Green Business Centre constructed by CII – Godrej at Hyderabad/


Formation of the Solar System (Chapter 8). Based on Chapter 8 This material will be useful for understanding Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 on “Formation.

come from? –A cloud of gas collapsed inwards due to its own gravity –It heats up due to conservation of energy and becomes a flat, spinning disk due to conservation of angular momentum –This is called the solar nebula Goals for Learning How did planetesimals form? –The first solids condensed as the nebula become more dense and cooler –Small grains stuck together due to/


Green and Renewable Energy An Embarrassment of Riches Dennis M. Bushnell Chief Scientist NASA Langley Research Center.

[U.S. vs. Russian Exposure limits] Launch vehicle efflux effects [MANY launches] Potential storage solutions exist for competitive/competitor terrestrial solar utilization as base load 1% [ of SSP MLEO] Orbital solar reflectors a very interesting “halfway house” Global Warming “Solutions” Green Energy,Conservation Mega /Geo Engineering Solution Spaces Genomic Biologics w/greatly increased CO2 Uptake Trigger/Engineer Calderas [Nascent Volcanoes],Put massive amounts of/


Energy Resources. Energy  What is Energy ? Many of us would answer…. electricity orgasoline or maybe nuclear power.

 Simple architectural design, such as Greenhouse or thermal storage by water or masonry Greenhouse or thermal storage by water or masonry  Direct Solar Solar Energy Solar Energy Passive solar Passive solar Active solar Active solar Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Artificial Photosynthesis Artificial Photosynthesis Solar Energy Solar Energy  Active Solar A working fluid, usually water, absorbs heat from sunlight and is moved by pumps A working fluid, usually water, absorbs heat from sunlight and is moved/


Chapter 14: Energy: Some Basics. Overview Outlook for Energy Outlook for Energy Energy Basics Energy Basics Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency Energy.

sources But reduce our reliance on foreign sources Encourage alternative energy Encourage alternative energy Wind, solar, geothermal, hydrogen and biofuels Wind, solar, geothermal, hydrogen and biofuels Provide for energy infrastructure Provide for energy infrastructure Promote conservation measures Promote conservation measures Higher product efficiency standards, less waste energy, tax credits Higher product efficiency standards, less waste energy, tax credits Evaluate the pros and cons of nuclear power/


Energy Resources Chapter 6 Fossil Fuels Renewable Sources of Energy Nuclear Energy Energy Conservation.

. Give 2 reasons that people have not been able to use nuclear fusion as an energy resource. Energy Conservation - Vocabulary Energy conservation – The practice of reducing energy use. Energy conservation – The practice of reducing energy use. Efficiency – The percentage of energy that is used by a device to perform work. Efficiency – The percentage of energy that is used by a device to perform work. Insulation – Building material that blocks heat transfer/


Chapter 37 Work, Power & Energy The word energy comes from the Greek word energeia.

. Energy Conversion: Conclusion: Energy Conversion: Electrical energy -> light energy -> electrical energy -> kinetic energy Conclusion: Electrical energy is changed to light energy in the lamp and then to electrical energy in the solar cell. The electrical energy is changed to kinetic energy when the fan moves on the solar cell. Review of Energy (Fill in the blanks) 1.Energy is the ________________________________________ 2.The unit of energy is J_________ 3.The Principle of Conservation of Energy states/


NSO Summer School Lecture 2: Solar Wind Turbulence Charles W. Smith Space Science Center University of New Hampshire

in a manner analogous to traditional hydro- dynamic turbulence. Inertial Range Wave Vector Anisotropy 0.2 Hz1 / (Few hours) Magnetic + Velocity Power Large-scale energy source… …feeds an energy- conserving cascade… …until fluid approx. breaks down. Unprocessed features of solar origin… …well-studied waves or turbulence… …plasma kinetic physics.  Matthaeus et al., 1990, Maltese Cross shows significant  component. Bieber et al., 1996 places  component/


Energy Resource Review Guide. Question 1 Which group consists only of nonrenewable resources? A.sunlight, water, aluminum B.natural gas, coal, oil C.soil,

it. A.Nuclear Energy B.Hydrothermal Energy C.Fossil Fuel Energy D.Solar Energy Solar Power is a renewable resource, but it is not without its limits, at least presently. Our best solar panels convert only about 20 percent of the solar energy they receive into/ at the source by modifying production processes, promoting the use of non-toxic or less-toxic substances, implementing conservation techniques, and re-using materials rather than putting them into the waste stream. The Pollution Prevention Act focused /


The Diverging Paths of German and United States Policies for Renewable Energy: Sources of Difference (by Laird et. al.) Anthony S. Deese, Ph.D. Assistant.

return to pre-1970 levels. USA’s Response to OPEC Energy Crisis  How does USA react to OPEC Energy Crisis?  Creates new institutions (DoE).  US Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA).  Pushes for greater domestic fuel supply.  Increased funding for energy research (e.g. renewables).  How does DoE’s presence affect government?  Division STRICTLY for solar energy w/ Assistant Secretary.  Funding for renewable R&D shot up/


CONSERVATION STRATEGIES IN AIRPORTS – ITS NOT JUST ABOUT SAVING ENERGY Jim A. McClellan, PE, CEM, CEA, GBE, QCxP, CxA, CPMP, LEED®AP.

/sequencing of boilers, chillers, and air handling units Adjust and repair dampers and economizers Current Energy/Water Conservation Strategies Current Energy Conservation Strategies Modify control strategies for standard hours of operation Eliminate simultaneous heating and cooling Air and/ 2.4M kWh year 1 2010 project:4.3 Megawatt facility 30 acres On-site Alternative Renewable Energy Solutions - Solar Array Denver International Airport Northrop Grumman X-47B @ Sunset Life isnt about the BREATHS WE TAKE /


“ Case Histories of Sustainable Green Communities” April 24, 2013 Seeking Energy Independence.

water and building spaces. Improve building envelope insulation.   Heat Destratification Fans Solar Water Heating Solar Water Heating Geo-thermal Energy Systems Alternative Energy and Conservation  Philadelphia, PA Million Solar Roofs Community Partnerships  Keene, NH –Geothermal System –Bio-diesel Program –Methane Recovery 32 Energy Conservation via LED 33 50% savings and 20 +year lamp life Alternative Energy and Conservation  Austin, TX –Wash Wise Rebate Program –Light bulb exchange program  Chula/


ANSI / ASHRAE / IESNA Standard 90.1 – 2010 Update & Overview

Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Department of Energy (U.S.DOE) Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) 2 Presenter Larry O. Degelman, P.E. Registered professional engineer (M.E.) in Texas since 1977 Consultant to Energy Systems Laboratory Professor Emeritus of Architecture / used for collecting and removing grease vapors and smoke. Where > 60% of outdoor air heating energy is provided from site-recovered or site-solar energy. Heating systems in climate zones 1 and 2. Cooling systems in climate zones 3c, 4c, /


Ontario - Facts Percentage of Canada’s: 39% GDP ($558.9 B)

Feb 08 Ontario research is also supported by the Ontario Centres of Excellence, which has been allocated $15 million in funding for new energy R&D including hydrogen, solar and energy conservation projects. Sources: Ontario Centres of Excellence – Centre for Energy: http://www.oce-ontario.org/Pages/COEEnergy.aspx?COE=EN Result of call for expressions of interest: http://www.oce-ontario.org/documents/media/


Www.kostic.niu.edu World Energy and Future: Importance of Energy Conservation and Renewable and Alternative Energy Resources Prof. M. Kostic Mechanical.

environment and increasing efficiency) 5.Energy conservation and regeneration have unforeseen (higher order of magnitude) and large potentials, particularly in industry (also in transportation, commercial and residential sectors) 6.Renewable biomass and synthetic hydro-carbons for fossil fuel replacement (mobile energy, transportation, and chemicals) 7.Advanced energy storage (synthetic fuels, advanced batteries, hydrogen,…) 8.Redistributed solar-related and other renewable energies (to fill in the gap/


Global Warming and Our Energy Future

. This, however, involves massive imports. We need increases in alternate energy sources such as hydro, nuclear, wind and solar. However, coal and LNG will be cheaper than nuclear, so a sacrifice is required here. Solar cells are very expensive. Direct solar water heating is much more efficient. We also need increases in energy efficiency and conservation. This especially includes high mileage vehicles. Comparative Projected Vehicle Fuel/


In Other News Crude oil continues at ~$50/bbl

house gas (GHG) Nuclear plants might rarely emit accidental releases of radioactivity, but safe designs reduce this chance Wind and solar energy doesn’t pollute, but there may have been pollution from the making of the equipment Laws effect and enforce plant /can turn off lights when they are not needed Better building insulation conserves heating in winter and keeps summer heat out 080415 25.5.3 Cons. & Efficiency Conclusion Conservation by reducing loads or shortening duration of use will save money,/


Energy Conservation 8/8/2015Engr. Ahsanullah Soomro1.

and PCRET, in government sector for execution and implementation of renewable energy projects. Due to lack of precise promotion instruments for renewable energy technologies, the output of all solar and wind energy systems plus mini/micro hydropower plants together amounted to less than 3 MW at the end of 1990s. In 1992, Pakistan National conservation Strategy (PNCS) was announced to introduce biogas, wind power and/


Opportunities in Renewable Energy Madhya Pradesh Urja Vikas Nigam

2001(Ministry of Power; Govt. Of India) for promotion of Energy Conservation activities in the State of MP Major Programme Solar Energy (Thermal & Electrical) Wind Energy Programme Biomass Power (Gasification, Co- generation & Combustion) Biogas Energy (Fuel & Power Gen.) Biofuel Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP) Remote Village Electrification Programme Energy Conservation & Management Other New & Renewable Energy Technologies. About MPUVNL Responsible for: implementing programs and policies of the/


CHAPTER 28 SUN, WIND, AND WATER ENERGY FUELED BY THE SUN CHAPTER 28 SUN, WIND, AND WATER ENERGY FUELED BY THE SUN A tiny island makes big strides with.

and 20% worldwide is supplied by water. Like wind, hydropower is an indirect form of solar energy. Grand Coulee Dam in central Washington State. 28 TERMS TO KNOW: Hydropower Conservation The true cost of various energy technologies can be difficult to estimate The most basic approach to saving electricity is conservation—making energy choices that require less electricity to begin with. 28 TERMS TO KNOW: Hydropower/


Chapter 18 Renewable Energy

Chapter 18 Renewable Energy 18.1 Renewable Energy Today (2004) 18.2 Alternative Energy and Conservation p455-473 Chapter 18 renewable Energy Chapter 18 renewable Energy Key terms Renewable energy Passive solar hearing Active solar heating Biomass fuel Hydroelectric energy Geothermal energy Alternative energy Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) Fuel cell Energy efficiency Energy conservation Chapter 18 renewable Energy 18.1 renewable Energy Today List 6 forms of renewable energy, and compare their /


Our Energy Future Focus The Nation Jan. 31, 2008 U. C. Irvine Dennis Silverman Physics and Astronomy U. C. Irvine www.physics.uci.edu/~silverma/

years of automotive plant conversion to replace them, so we have to start planning to replace them now. Individual conservation choices in cars, solar water heating, and household electricity and heating are under our control. Considering the total invention and continual replacement of energy sources and uses that occurred over the last century, the future cannot be predicted, but we must explore as/


Chapter Introduction Lesson 1Lesson 1Sources of Energy Lesson 2Lesson 2People and the Environment Lesson 3Lesson 3Saving Resources Chapter Wrap-Up.

.monetary costs C.cost-effectiveness D.nonmonetary costs Which is determined by comparing the expense and consequences of doing something? A.wind energy B.solar energy C.geothermal energy D.coal Which of these energy sources causes the most pollution? Essential Question How does conservation preserve resources and the environment? Saving Resources Conservatio n Biomass Hydrogen fuel Saving Resources Reduce Reuse Recycle Earth’s resources are/


1 Sustainable Energy. 2 Outline Conservation  Cogeneration Tapping Solar Energy  Passive vs. Active High Temperature Solar Energy  Photovoltaic Cells.

levied on all utility customers.  Renewable Portfolio - Suppliers must get minimum percentage of power from renewable sources.  Green Pricing - Allows utilities to profit from conservation programs and charge premium prices for renewable energy. 16 Photovoltaic Solar Energy Photovoltaic cells capture solar energy and convert it directly to electrical current by separating electrons from parent atoms and accelerating them across a one-way electrostatic barrier.  Bell Laboratories/


The Earth’s atmosphere is stationary. The Sun’s atmosphere is not stable but is blown out into space as the solar wind filling the solar system and then.

lines fast, create an electric field, pull ions Heating of the base in the solar corona provides energy for acceleration Using equation of energy conservation you can prove that –The initial energy in the enthalpy minus potential energy in the solar gravity –Final energy is in the kinetic energy of solar wind –Energy transformation depletes enthalpy and increases solar wind speed to supersonic speeds. Waves and turbulence? –One possibility is that the/


Presentation to the Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications Michael R. Peevey, President California Public Utilities Commission August.

of the sector include: Quick project development timelines Avoidance of new transmission Declining technology prices (i.e., solar PV) Insurance for riskier, large-scale renewable projects CPUC adopted the Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM) (December,/rate for these programs. Sharing of information among water and energy utilities. Water / Energy Nexus  Re-defining water conservation as an energy efficiency strategy Conserve water, use less energy intensive water, make delivery systems more efficient.  RD&D/


Chapter 15: Energy. Standard SPS7. Students will relate transformations and flow of energy within a system SPS7. Students will relate transformations.

process of changing energy from one form to another is energy conversion. The process of changing energy from one form to another is energy conversion. Ex: Light bulbs convert electrical energy into thermal energy and electromagnetic energy. Ex: Light bulbs convert electrical energy into thermal energy and electromagnetic energy. Conservation of Energy The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed. The law of conservation of energy states that energy cannot be created/


Energy Resources Energy is used for domestic purpose, agricultural purpose, production of industrial goods and for the transportation purpose. In fact.

quickly replenished. Examples: coal, petroleum, natural gas, and fuels like uranium and thorium. Renewable Energy resource: a) Solar energy: The source of solar energy is the nuclear fusion reaction taking place in the sun where lighter hydrogen atom combine to form / and washing the vehicles. Energy resources: 1) Turn off light, fan, and other electric appliances when not in use. 2) Use solar water heater during winter seasons for domestic use. 3) Use of CFL bulbs conserve energy. 4) Use public transport/


Mitigation Activities in Myanmar: Energy Sector Regional Workshop on Innovative and Sustainable Energy Technologies for Developing Countries: Opportunities.

with total installed electricity capacity of 3344 MW. This is mostly used for urban areas and industrial zones. Source: MOEP, 2013 Solar Energy Potential of Myanmar Based on the yearly solar radiation map, solar energy potential of Myanmar was investigated. Geographical distribution of solar radiation was analyzed and the result is shown in Fig. It was found that 36% of the total area of the country/


The BIG idea Energy CHAPTER Energy has different forms, but it is always conserved. Energy exists in different forms. 3.1 Energy can change forms but is.

of conservation of energy energy efficiency C. Energy conversions may produce unwanted forms of energy. CHAPTER RESOURCES CHAPTER RESOURCES VOCABULARY KEY CONCEPT CHAPTER HOME III. Technology improves the ways people use energy. A. Technology improves energy conversions. 1. Efficient Lights 2. Efficient Cars B. Technology improves the use of energy resources. 3.3 KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Technology improves the ways people use energy. 1. Solar Energy 2. Wind Energy solar/


Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Chapter 7 Resources and Energy.

rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Solar Energy While plants capture the Sun’s energy to move carbon from the atmosphere to the biosphere. Electricity can be created the same way using solar panels this is known as solar energy. Copyright © by Holt/Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu Conservation By conserving natural resources, people can ensure that limited natural resources last longer. Conservation can help reduce the environmental damage and amount of pollution /


Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display. Renewable Energy Sources Chapter 10 14 th Edition A Study of Interrelationships.

Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display. 10.3 Energy Conservation Conservation is not a way of generating electricity, but a way of reducing need for additional energy production and saving money for the consumer. Many cultural or /converted to alcohol or used to generate methane. Hydroelectric power can be increased significantly but may displace people. Solar energy can be collected and used in either passive or active systems and can also generate electricity. 41 Copyright /


The BIG idea Energy CHAPTER Energy has different forms, but it is always conserved. Energy exists in different forms. 3.1 Energy can change forms but is.

of conservation of energy energy efficiency C. Energy conversions may produce unwanted forms of energy. CHAPTER RESOURCES CHAPTER RESOURCES VOCABULARY KEY CONCEPT CHAPTER HOME III. Technology improves the ways people use energy. A. Technology improves energy conversions. 1. Efficient Lights 2. Efficient Cars B. Technology improves the use of energy resources. 3.3 KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY KEY CONCEPT SUMMARY Technology improves the ways people use energy. 1. Solar Energy 2. Wind Energy solar/


Chapter 13 Achieving Energy Sustainability Friedland and Relyea Environmental Science for AP ®, second edition © 2015 W.H. Freeman and Company/BFW AP ®

this module you should be able to describe strategies to conserve energy and increase energy efficiency. explain differences among the various renewable energy resources. We can use less energy through conservation and increased efficiency Energy conservation and energy efficiency are the least expensive and most environmentally sound options for maximizing our energy resources. Energy conservation Finding and implementing ways to use less energy. Tiered rate system A billing system used by some electric/


Throughout history, various models of the solar system have Been accepted. The table below describes two different models of the solar system. Throughout.

of the tilted axis of Earth. Part A: Explain the relationship between the tilt of Earths axis and the amount of solar energy reaching Earths surface. Part B: Describe how the tilt of Earths axis causes differences in climates found on Earth. Part/Part B Explain how wind causes soil erosion. Part C Describe a human activity that conserves soil. Part D Describe another human activity not mentioned in Part C that conserves soil. Explain your answer. The state of Georgia encourages everyone to recycle aluminum, /


Chapter 7 Energy and Power for Technology Unit 2 Energy and Power Technologies.

Increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere caused by a rise in carbon dioxide energy conservation The management and efficient use of energy sources recycle To reuse 48 7 Chapter Review Energy and Power for Technology Answers 1. renewable—food and alcohol; nonrenewable—fossil fuels; unlimited—solar, wind, water, or geothermal 2. mechanical—riding a bicycle; electric—home lighting; fluid—pneumatic paint sprayers/


Solar Energy Technology Science Summer Camp Session 1 Monday 9:00 - 11:30 AM Introduction to Solar Energy.

Exercise ?? General Safety Rules Safety first Always follow safety rules Session 1 Topics Introduction to Solar Energy 5 Look at the three "legs" of Energy use: Production, Efficiency Conservations Energy production, availability and use Types of solar technologies History of PV technology and industry trends Impact of improving Technology versus Conservations Potential for solar in New York, US and the World Needs (markets) and applications for PV (grid/


Chapter 13 Achieving Energy Sustainability. What is renewable energy? Renewable energy can be rapidly regenerated, and some can never be depleted, no.

environmental effects of pumping large amounts of cold water to the surface are also unknown. Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation An OTEC plant produces energy using the following steps 1.Warm surface water is boiled in a vacuum chamber under low pressure. /batteries can also be recharged with a solar cell ($500) that can generate 50 miles worth of electricity a day. Benefits of Conservation and Efficiency Variable price structure- utility customers can pay less to use energy when demand is lowest and more /


RENEWABLE ENERGY REGULATION IN KENYA KENYA-SPAIN MULTILATERAL PARTNERSHIP MEETING HELD AT CROWNE PLAZA Presented by Caroline Kimathi Asst Manager, Licensing.

The Energy (Solar Water Heating ) Regulations 2012 The Energy (Solar Photovoltaic Systems) Regulations 2012 The Draft Energy (Improved Biomass Cookstoves) Regulations 2012 The Draft Energy (Appliances Energy Performance and Labelling) Regulations 2013 ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS The objective of the gazetted Energy Management Regulations, 2012 is to facilitate efficient use of energy through better understanding of supply and use, management and the implementation of energy efficiency and conservation/


Energy 101 A discussion of how much, reality checks, and what were doing about it Mickey R. Wilhelm, Ph.D., P.E. Dean.

H2OH2O Methanol CO 2 Holy Grail in Renewable Energy: Solar Hydrogen Fuel Cell Air H2OH2O Fuel e- H2H2 Electric Grid Solar heating panels for water heating Solar panels for H 2 and electricity generation Excess energy goes to the grid A near-term possibility? Electric Grid Hydrogen-powered vehicle They oughta do something about.... What? Energy supplies, energy efficiency, energy conservation, energy cost, climate change, carbon footprint, green technologies, etc/


Energy Efficient Lighting Systems B. V. RAGHAVAIAH A. K

estimated as 50 to 80%. Electronic gears of conservation of energy like electronic ballast saves energy within the range of 10 to 20%. Solar lighting systems such as Lanterns, Street Lights, Home Lights, etc. can be effectively used, especially in areas of where lighting is required for shorter duration. This will not only lead to energy conservation but also encourage use of non-conventional and environmental/


CURRENT STATUS AND ISSUES OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DOMAIN IN SRI LANKA

plants catering for 500 households About 30 villages catering for 500 households About 50 projects feeding to national grid Pico Hydro About 500 systems Electrification of Remote Islands Four Wind-Solar-Diesel Hybrid systems catering to 2000 households ENERGY CONSERVATION & MANAGEMENT Energy Intensity and Industrial Competitiveness Ability to produce and export manufactured goods competitively Competitive Industrial Performance Index Japan/


1 Solar Energy Industry Forecast: Perspectives on U.S. Solar Market Trajectory May 27, 2008 United States Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies.

and costs PV market evolution Market evolution considerations Balance of system costs Silicon ‘normalization’ Solar system value drivers Solar market forecast Additional resources Agenda 4 Today’s U.S. Electricity Cost Landscape EIA shows historic national average retail electricity prices outpacing inflation by ~1.2% Conservative forecasts from the Energy Information Agency (EIA) show residential electricity prices reaching 12 c/kWh by 2009 EIA/


The “Half” Plan Cut energy use and green house gas emissions in half and save a ton of money.

ProjectEnergy Saving (KWH) CostSaving Per Year Storm Door220$200$17 Turn Stuff Off440$0!$44 Washing Machine350$400$35 The “Half “ Plan Our 20 Energy Saving Projects ConservationSolar Energy Projects Transportation Solar Space Heater Simple solar space heater Energy Saving2,527 KWH/year CO2 Saving1,320 lb/year Cost Saving $206 per year 10 Year Saving $3,280 Initial Cost $350 (5%) Based on half time/


Path to your Energy Savings Existing Residential and Small Commercial.

maximize your investment and reduce you carbon footprint. 2 Agenda PG&E –Delivery Mix –Integrated Approach The Full Energy Picture Before Going SolarEnergy ConservationEnergy Efficiency Going Solar After Solar Resources 3 PG&E’s 2008 Electric Delivery Mix on average over 50% of the energy delivered comes from sources that emit almost no carbon dioxide Coal 2% Natural Gas 44% Other 1% Nuclear 22% Large Hydro/


Global Warming and Japan’s Energy Conservation Policy SHIGETOMI Norio Project Coordinator Global Environment Technology Development Dept. NEW ENERGY AND.

Protocol Japan’s ratification of Kyoto Protocol RPS Law concerning Promotion of the Use of New Energy 1979 ~ Energy Conservation LawRevised Individual policy Global Warming Prevention Initiative Keidanren’s voluntary action plans R&D policy /boiler ○ TransportationOptions for highway, railway and waterway ○ ResidentialDevelop town gas/Spread and apply green refrigerator/Briquette/Solar heater/Biogas/Biomass gasification ○ Town and village enterprise Coke oven renovation/Brick and tile kiln renovation/Cement /


Natural Home / Passive Solar Design

Winter Set AC/Heating Units to 78 F Summer & 66 F Winter Zone Rooms Efficient Lighting & Controls Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT Natural Home / Passive Solar Design NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME ENERGY CONSERVATION Water (Drinking/Bathing/Symbolic/Spiritual) Essential to Life 1% of Earth’s Water is Potable Man has been polluting this small/


Www.kostic.niu.edu Energy Future: Coal “Clean” Energy ? Enhancing Thermodynamic Reversibility and Capturing and Recycling of Carbon-dioxide Prof. M. Kostic.

’ era) 2.Intelligent hi-tech, local and global energy management in wide sense (to reduce waste, improve efficiency and quality of environment and life) 3.Energy conservation and regeneration have unforeseen (higher order of magnitude) and/fossil fuel replacement (mobile energy, transportation, and chemicals) 7.Advanced energy storage (synthetic fuels, advanced batteries, hydrogen,…) 8.Redistributed solar-related and other renewable energies (to fill in the gap…) www.kostic.niu.edu Energy Future Outlook: …a/


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