Ppt on social contract theory and criminal justice

PUTTING THEORY TO WORK: GUIDING CRIME CONTROL POLICY.

theory argument Makes it more difficult to find jobs, weakens ties to conventional others, and promotes the social learning of crime Challenging Get-Tough Approaches Reasons that increasing the severity of punishment does not lead to a decrease in crime: The criminal justice/ and community members All potential handlers for offender Have a problem-solving conference Jointly identify problematic routines and places Supply positive reinforcement if offenders fulfill behavioral contracts Cullen, Eck, and /


Start: What theories do you see here? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ay9BWM8l wOA.

Blurring of boundaries between criminal justice and welfare services. What are the alternatives to Prison? Read the Howard League Handout. Play Judge for Yourself http://ybtj.justice.gov.uk Alternatives to/criminal matter ASBO’s have been mainly given for vandalism, theft, abusive behaviour, harassment, begging etc. Punishment Acceptable Behaviour Contracts These are voluntary contracts usually drawn up with teenagers to try and get them to mend their ways Usually worked out with social workers, councils and/


Economics, Law and Ethics CST part 1b Ross Anderson, Richard Clayton.

information markets are different Auction theory and mechanism design Principles of law – contract, tort and other ways you can become liable for things you do online Ethics – where the law hasn’t made up its mind Resources Shapiro and Varian “ Information Rules ” Varian/ a methodological problem! Efficiency, welfare and justice (2) Composing utilities into welfare is hard! Arrow ’ s impossibility theorem says there is no perfect way to aggregate personal choices into social welfare that ’ s consistent with/


Annual Surveillance Edition. Logos Radio Network Money Bomb! Live Free speech radio! Go chip in and help these patriots so that they can continue to bring.

Justice Government Control Low Personal Freedom High Independence Economic Prosperity Innovation Political and social participation/ for Internet and Society calls this "the cute cat theory of digital / every cell phone ping... are all criminal evidence, and all are held in searchable databases. /and to work aggressively to build biometric databases that are comprehensive and international in scope. linklink -NGI will be fully operational in 2014 -In 2008 Lockheed Martin won a 1 billion dollar contract/


“while we read history we make it”… G.W. Curtis (1842-1892) The History and Pioneers of Criminology.

contract” J.J. Rousseau Utilitarianism “greatest good” … certainty, severity, & swiftness Humanitarianism – death penalty? Evaluation of the Classical School: Enduring influence –Canadian social/criminal justice policy Emerged during time of turmoil Intuitive based (heuristic)/ unverifiable ? Role of motivation Importance of: conflict, law, economy = theory Work influenced: Voltaire, J. Bentham, J. Howard, E. Kant Concept of deterrence: (Box 4.3) … social cost – commitment cost, attachment costs, and stigma/


Chapter 3 Explaining Crime.

the criminal justice system in the United States. Positivist Approaches to Explaining Crime The theory of the positivist school of criminology grew out of positive philosophy and the logic and methodology of experimental science. The Positivist School of Thought The key assumptions of the positivist school of thought were: Human behavior is determined and not a matter of free will. Criminals are fundamentally different from noncriminals. Social scientists/


The Potter Box Model of Reasoning. British law prohibits reporting the names and family histories of children facing criminal charges until their trials.

Legal value: Honor the court restrictions against reporting juvenile names and family background. Principles Used by the British Press Other-regarding care: The privacy of children facing criminal charges must be protected at all costs. Values Used by/ of Rawls along with a discussion of his major works. John Rawls and the Social Contract John Rawls and the Social Contract An evaluation of Rawls’s theory of justice as fairness. The Antipolitical Philosophy of John RawlsThe Antipolitical Philosophy of John /


Justice, Law, and Punishment

ruler. Our state of nature is unjust or chaotic, and there is no abstract concept of true justice to which Hobbes appeals. Hobbes therefore gives us what we might call a contract theory of justice. He regards government as an agreement among individuals not /. It could be seen as a moral compromise or necessity, as Charles Colson writes: “The primary purpose of criminal justice is to preserve order with the minimum infraction of individual liberty.” An ordered society needs visible warnings of the negative/


The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Urban Institute, its trustees, or its funders. JUSTICE POLICY CENTER Social.

and Albertson, Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice “This tool is a more expensive way to scale programs than if government simply contracted directly with a service provider.” –McKinsey & Company What kind of innovation can we expect from investor selected program? “Profit-seeking investors will be most interested in social/ of Leicester The Peterborough SIB “does not have a defined intervention model or theory of change. While this was perceived to facilitate individualised services, it poses some/


Political Theories 5th lecture. The postmodern theories and the 21st century.

- Generalfeudalistic J. Locke Lockes political theory was founded on social contract theory. Unlike Thomas Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature is characterised by reason and tolerance. Like Hobbes, Locke believed / » Access to civil justice » Access to civil justice » Effective criminal justice » Effective criminal justice » Informal justice » Informal justice The waves of the history 10001500 1815 2000 1650 1300 1875 1929 1973 2000 Population, Production, and Consumption The question: is/


1-1 Chapter 2: Introduction to Ethics. 1-2 Chapter Overview Introduction Review of nine ethical theories Comparing workable ethical theories Morality.

mean “the greatest good of the greatest number” –That requires a principle of justice –What happens when a conflict arises between the Principle of Utility and a principle of justice? Despite weaknesses, both act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism are workable ethical theories 1-61 2.9 Social Contract Theory 1-61 1-62 Basis of Social Contract Theory Thomas Hobbes –In a “state of nature” our lives would be “solitary, poore/


Politics and the Social Contract: J. J. Rousseau and Karl Marx Clark Wolf Iowa State University

for Analysis The political theories of Hobbes and Locke are irrelevant. Hobbes and Locke both describe civil government as arising from a pre-social state of nature, where society is unorganized and has no strucuture. /criminals. So we should arm the police. Argument for Analysis There can be no such thing as justice unless there are institutions to punish people who break their promises and contracts. Justice involves the rational requirement that people should keep their promises and abide by the contracts/


Introduction to Criminal Justice CJ101 – Prof Kozyra Unit 2.

is Criminal Justice? Individual Rights versus Public Order 3 strikes Megan’s Law Patriot Act Cameras Airport Security Internet Eavesdropping Social Contract between LE and Society Conflict & Consensus Models Conflict Model – A criminal justice perspective/ necessitates extensive behavioral therapy Sociological Theories The characteristics of society or the social environment and the interaction between individuals and groups cause crime and victimization. Social Culture Anomie – dysfunctional areas or/


What are the two parts of the U.S. Constitution? The main body and the amendments.

and other Special Courts, Courts of Appeals, and State Supreme Courts Define law A system of rules that defines socially acceptable behavior and/ Contract Law, Domestic Relations, Probate Law What are two types of criminal law? General Criminal Law and /of strict liability – Liability imposed apart from any theory that the defendant was negligent (unleashed a dangerous instrumentality/ classic principals of medical ethics Autonomy Beneficence Justice Nonmaleficence Primum non nocere means_____________. “First,/


CAID https://store.theartofservice.com/itil-2011-foundation-complete-certification-kit-fourth-edition-study-guide-ebook-and-online-course.html.

and evaluation, computer programs to analyze the multi-dimensional image of audience perceptions, computer simulation of social networks for the theory of bounded normative influence, and drama theory/ given that it only attracted three justices, with the additional four justices objecting to the entire Medicaid provision /criminal organizations are predominantly formed by French Maghrebis (Kabyle people|Algerians, Tunisians and Rifian people|Moroccans) and to a lesser extent French Blacks, Sinti|Manouche and/


Key Concepts Group 1 Set 1 Friday, August 26, 2011 Define the following using your textbook’s Index and/or Glossary. State Purpose of Government Government.

Constitution Domestic Tranquility Common Defense Justice Liberty Evolutionary Theory Force Theory Divine Rights Theory Social Contract General Welfare 11 Key Concepts Group 2 Set 1 Friday, September 2, 2011 Define the following using your textbook’s Index and/or Glossary. Unitary System/punishments in areas that we now call property, family, civil, and criminal law 96 Key Concepts 175 - 180 175.Jurisprudence – the science of studying the law 176.Contract – a set of voluntary promises, enforceable by the law,/


EOC Review. SS.7.C.1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of power and John Locke’s theories related to natural.

1.1 Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu’s view of separation of power and John Locke’s theories related to natural law and how Locke’s social contract influenced the Founding Fathers. SS.7.C.1.2 Trace the impact that the/ of Military Justice and addresses laws related to desertion, treason, crimes of war, treatment of prisoners, and the military trial process. “Constitutional” Law Based on the Constitution Is the basis for much of what becomes “case” law “Criminal” Law “Criminal” laws are/


Theories of Delinquency and Juvenile Offending

that crime is an aberration Restores and solidifies social order 2 key elements of Social Solidarity theory: Involvement of general population with punishment gives punishment legitimacy Punishment is an emotional and passionate reaction to crime Anomie = breakdown of norms Conflict Theory – Laws are established to keep the dominant class in power. Criminal Justice reflects unequal distribution of power. DMC criminal laws focus on minorities and disadvantaged. Segregation laws Vagrancy laws/


Chapter 5: Forensic Science

with others for time. Those working for law enforcement agencies specialize in sexual assault and child molestation investigations. 44 Sage Publications Inc. Chapter 5: Forensic Science Careers in Criminal Justice Chapter 5: Forensic Science Forensic Nurse Examiner Some agencies contract with a forensic nurse and have them on call when needed. Often the government offers grants for Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners, which helps smaller agencies/


The Evolution of “Western” Law Dr. Brian Levin-Stankevich Chancellor and Professor of History University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire.

Law as reflecting the 10 Commandments Substituted “Two Kingdoms” for “Two Swords” Further split secular from religious thinking Renaissance and Reformation Theories on the “state” Macchiavelli Humanism Social Contract (Thomas Hobbes, John Locke) Scientific Revolution Enlightenment (Rousseau) Natural Law separated from scriptural belief Transitions Secular society – natural law – “positive law” Codification of Law – – Prussia, 1794 – – France, Code Civile 1815 /


1 Intelligence and Security Informatics for International Security: Information Sharing and Data Mining Hsinchun Chen, Ph.D. McClelland Professor of MIS.

Negotiating a contract between University of Arizona and ARJIS (Automated Regional Justice Information System) of Southern California required six to nine months of discussion between legal staff, contract specialists, and agency officials/Cross-jurisdictional information sharing and criminal network analysis. September 2003-August 2006, NSF, Digital Government Program funding for Dark Web project: Social network analysis and identity deception detection for law enforcement and homeland security. August 2004/


[1] Ludwig by von Mises (1881-1973). [2] Ludwig by von Mises Laissez Faire or Dictatorship 1. What the Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences says about.

have socialism? - if it can, don’t we just have capitalism? [cf. Narveson, “A Puzzle about Economic Justice in Rawls’ Theory” - on my website, and in one of my books, Respecting Persons in Theory and Practice]/ of its citizens. But the “contract” that creates government is not made because everyone is willing to agree to it, and is not made because everyone will / put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty/


Types of Crimes Justice 2010 Classifying and Counting Crime, Criminals and Victims Law 12.

being. First degree murder-a killing that is planned and deliberate, is the result of a contract, causes the death of a police officer, or is/Social Process Theories: Social Control Theory - (Learning to be Good) Close associations with important institutions and individuals control behavior. People are born “bad” and must be controlled to be “good.” Unit 3 - 56 Conflict Theory - (“It’s a Dog Eat Dog World”) Crime is caused by economic and political forces in society. Criminal law and the criminal justice/


1. Unit VI: Roles of a Citizen Key Understandings: 1.There is a balance between individual rights and the power of the government. 2.The Bill of Rights.

and Property. Man entered into a social contract with government to protect his natural rights. Revolution was justified in the event that the government violated man’s natural rights. 6 Important Documents and/the schoolhouse gate." (Justice Abe Fortas) Dissent: /theory "the collective rights theory." A collective rights theory of the Second Amendment asserts that citizens do not have an individual right to possess guns and that local, state, and/ generally inadmissible at criminal trials. Evidence discovered/


David Hume (1711-1776) [1] David Hume is widely regarded as: The greatest English philosopher, and One of the officially Great Philosophers Lived a quiet.

, it is criminal for me to touch.” But there is this material difference between superstition and justice, that - the former is frivolous, useless, and burdensome; - the latter is absolutely requisite to the well-being of mankind and existence of society/ Kant [40] Kant’s Social Contract This selection has to do with Justice. (Our selection is from his late work, Rechtslehre, or “Doctrine of Right”, or “Metaphysical Principles of Justice” Which “department” of moral theory is justice? Answer: it’s the /


1 Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Department of Computer Science and Electronics Mälardalen University 20 August 2008 ETHICS, PROFESSIONALISM AND CRITICISM OF.

industries move to poor countries  Environmental Justice Act (1992) 180 181 Science as a Way of Knowing A Faustian Bargain?  Technology can create power to save and destroy life  Dr. Faustus sold his soul to the devil in exchange for power and wealth (youth) 182 Management Theory and the Environment  Anthropocentric Theories –Ethics –Economic –Corporate Social Responsibility Stakeholder Normative Social Contract  Green Management Theories –Ecocentricism –Adjusted Stakeholder –Sustainablity –Resource/


1 Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic School of Innovation, Design and Engineering Mälardalen University 25 August 2010 ETHICS, PROFESSIONALISM AND CRITICISM OF THE.

industries move to poor countries  Environmental Justice Act (1992) 181 182 Science as a Way of Knowing A Faustian Bargain?  Technology can create power to save and destroy life  Dr. Faustus sold his soul to the devil in exchange for power and wealth (youth) 183 Management Theory and the Environment  Anthropocentric Theories –Ethics –Economic –Corporate Social Responsibility Stakeholder Normative Social Contract  Green Management Theories –Ecocentricism –Adjusted Stakeholder –Sustainablity –Resource/


Institutional Economics/ Economics of the Public Sector Legal and Regulational Infrastructure of the Economy.

regulate.  Monopolies and natural monopolies, anti- competitive behaviour and predatory pricing  Externalities  Information inadequacies and asymmetry While economists and policy-makers agree in theory on what causes a market failure, dealing with real-world market failures remains one of the most controversial aspects of government policy  Unequal bargaining power  Moral hazard  Continuity and availability of service  Scarcity and rationing  Distributional justice and social policy Industry/areas/


Eleventh International Conference on Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Imperial College London | London, UK 2-5 August 2016 | Twitter: #ICISS16 Life Choices.

theories of development and democratization may lead to a rigidity on the "universal secular liberal democracy" as "the only possible model" and ignore the possibilities driven from "Heritage"," episteme" and " Erlebnis/ lived experience" of Muslim societies as catalyzing factors of shaping a “contextual social contract/Is not always based on the goals of the criminal justice system, and can include keeping “tabs” on potentially risky subjects or social movements defined as “radical”, “extremist”, or /


Criminal Law and Procedure Week 11

discrete disciple; informs the study of criminal law and sentencing Criminology focuses on 3 main areas: the sociology of law, which examines social aspects and the institutions of the law theories of crime causation the study of social responses to crime, which examines in more depth the formal institutions of criminal justice eg, police, courts and corrections. White and Haines, An Introduction to Crime and Criminology “Criminology” does not mean sentencing/


David Hume ( ) [1] David Hume is widely regarded as:

Indians manage to live ”in concord and amity” w/o government The old theory [i.c. Locke’s...] “The/ course of human affairs, nothing can be more pernicious and criminal [than rebellion] “government is useless without exact obedience”/justice depend entirely on the particular state and condition in which men are placed, and owe their origin and existence to that utility which results to the public from their strict and regular observance." - No need to bother with "original conditions" and "social contracts/


Moral Issues In Jurisprudence. Moral Issues in Jurisprudence Should judges, prosecutors and defense attorneys be held to the same or higher standards.

The prosecutor’s focus in criminal prosecution is not to win, but that justice shall be done. Moral /and Defense Attorneys – Students and Teachers Moral Issues in Jurisprudence Consequentialist Theory: Utilitarianism – Utilitarians argue that: 1. Other moral considerations such as duty, rights and justice are subordinated to, and/and complex at the same time. 2. It does not provide much help in deciding between moral dilemmas. Moral Issues in Jurisprudence Contractarianism People agree to social contracts/


Burnaby North Social Studies Department…

social, and ethical issues, and reflect critically on the role of law in society. The study of law also promotes the skills and abilities needed to clearly express ideas, argue effectively and logically, and accurately interpret the written word. Mr. Salatellis & Mr. Sokugawa LAW Types of Law Criminal Law International Law Contract/to use the visual arts and art history as a tool to view and analyze course material, and meet core critical challenges. Social Justice 12 Outline: Social Justice 12 is a four-/


Deterrence and Rational Choice Theories. Medieval Criminal Justice Trial by ordeal –Forced confessions Severe public punishment –Burning (hell on earth)

Deterrence and Rational Choice Theories Medieval Criminal Justice Trial by ordeal –Forced confessions Severe public punishment –Burning (hell on earth) –Mutilation (body subordinate to soul) –“Ritual of a thousand deaths” A Reform Movement The Enlightenment –Faith in rationality, social contract theory Depart from “supernatural” theory –The Classical School of criminology is born Assumptions about human nature –Rational, autonomous, hedonistic, calculating A Theory of Deterrence On Crimes and Punishment, /


Health Consequences of Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice Martin Donohoe, M.D., F.A.C.P.

of unemployment Higher levels of unemployment Racial Disparities: Economic Criminal justice system involvement Criminal justice system involvement Toxic waste sitings / environmental injustice / environmental/private corporations More than ½ of contracts no-bid More than ½ of contracts no-bid Threat to democracy Threat / Solutions Join and contribute to environmental and social justice groups (Greenpeace, Doctors without Borders) Join and contribute to environmental and social justice groups (Greenpeace/


Politics and the Social Contract: Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau Clark Wolf Director of Bioethics Iowa State University

criminals. So we should arm the police. Argument for Analysis There can be no such thing as justice unless there are institutions to punish people who break their promises and contracts. Justice involves the rational requirement that people should keep their promises and abide by the contracts/social situation (a state of nature) into a civil society with laws and government? What do we gain (and/ modern correlate of the Hobbesian view is the theory that commons problems must be solved by restrictive /


| 1st Principles: JUSTICE Victor Finkel.

(4) Most debates about Criminal Justice are about balancing these aims. This means –showing the impact of the policy on each of the aims AND –Explaining which particular aims are more important in this case and WHY. Eg: “That convicted/ them back! www.monashdebaters.comwww.monashdebaters.com | monash_debaters@hotmail.com Concept: The Social Contract Where do rights come from? Social Contract Theory: –Rights are a construct of a contract –We give up rights to do whatever we want –In exchange for protection /


Why do people commit Crimes? Theories of Criminology.

rates of poverty and social disintegration were more likely to condone criminal activity than more affluent neighbourhoods. Sociology cont… Social Conflict Theory  Karl Marx and Frederick Engels argued that the capitalist society encouraged crime as people competed for resources and wealth.  Our society protects those with power and property. As a result, people who are economically disadvantaged are more likely to be punished by our justice system. The only/


V BBM ‘B’ BUSINESS LAW CLASS

elements to support a contract. Subject to certain exceptions,an agreement made without consideration is “nudum pactum” (a nude contract) and is void. Justice Patterson defines consideration in / (c) Scientific principle or abstract theory i.e., the mere discovery of a scientific principle or the formulation of an abstract theory, or discovery of any living thing /1973) VS FEMA(1999) 4.Under FERA, however, the offence was of criminal nature. 4.FEMA is a civil law unlike FERA.The contravention of provision /


Slides developed by Les Wiletzky Wiletzky and Associates Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved. Ethics and Social Responsibility.

’s Social Justice Theory (1 of 3) Rawls’s social contract Rawls’s social contract A moral theory that says each person is presumed to have entered into a social contract, with all others in society, to obey moral rules that are necessary for people to live in peace and harmony 7 - 10Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved. Rawls’s Social Justice Theory (2 of 3) Rawls’s Social Justice Theory Rawls’s Social Justice Theory Fairness/


Corrections Organization and Operation

contracts with the prison to provide a finished product at an agreed-on price. Prison Organization & Administration Industries Figure 10.3  Organizational structure for a prison industry.  Source: From Richard P. Seiter, Correctional Administration: Integrating Theory and/characterized as “professionals trying to be social, responsible, and trying their very best.” 22 /and communicated with officers varied. SUMMARY This chapter examined criminal justice employees who work in correctional institutions and/


Introduction to Criminal Justice

charge and the plea – the prosecutor can control the sentence. Socialization, specialization, and informal /Contract System: Involves bidding by private attorneys to represent all criminal defendants found indigent during the term of the contract. (Cost over Quality). Public Defenders: Public or private nonprofit organizations with full or part-time salaried staff who represent indigents in criminal/., transactional immunity and use immunity. Arraignment A stage in the criminal justice process, where /


Chapter 8 Ethics of Managers and Social Responsibility of Businesses

and require (1) consistency in application and (2) reversibility. Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Prentice-Hall. All rights reserved. Theories of Ethics – Summary (2 of 2) Theory Description Rawls’s social justice theory Moral duties are based on an implied social contract. Fairness is justice/ illegal Establishes criminal penalties for violations Prompts companies to encourage senior officers of public companies to act ethically in their dealings with shareholders, employees, and other constituents Copyright/


Panel 1: Governing at the Local Level Tuesday November 15 (9:00- 10:30) 12 th Symposium on Development and Social Transformation.

at the Local Level 12 th Symposium on Development and Social Transformation VICTORIA POLICE WITNESS PROTECTION PROGRAM –LESSONS FOR INDIA K L N RAO K L N RAO PGPPM 05 MAXWELL SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY NEW YORK INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION Administration of criminal justice, witness protection would seldom be an early topic raised. Administration of criminal justice, witness protection would seldom be an early topic/


1 Intelligence and Security Informatics for International Security: Framework and Case Studies Hsinchun Chen, Ph.D. McClelland Professor of MIS Director,

Negotiating a contract between University of Arizona and ARJIS (Automated Regional Justice Information System) of Southern California required six to nine months of discussion between legal staff, contract specialists, and agency officials/Cross-jurisdictional information sharing and criminal network analysis. September 2003-August 2006, NSF, Digital Government Program funding for Dark Web project: Social network analysis and identity deception detection for law enforcement and homeland security. August 2004/


Holland’s Theory / RIASEC. Hollands Theory is based on the idea that people and work environments can be loosely classified into six different personality.

Holland’s Theory / RIASEC. Hollands Theory is based on the idea that people and work environments can be loosely classified into six different personality types: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. Majors & Holland Codes Realistic Applied Health Sciences Biological Sciences Chemistry/Biochemistry Computer Science Criminal Justice Economics Engineering Environmental Studies Fitness Management Geography Geosciences Health, Physical Education, Athletics, Coaching /


The 1960s were marked by John F. Kennedy’s New Frontier and Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society 1960: Kennedy (JFK) and Johnson (LBJ) are the leading DemocraticPartycandidates.

Justice Earl Warren. Our first case was a multi-amendment case (with emphasis on the First Amendment) that my court, the Warren Court, decided: Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). A Connecticut law criminalized/social programs. People who pay less tax will invest more, which, in turn, would increase the nation’s supply of goods & services Based on the theory of supply-side economics—cutting taxes gives people the incentives to work, save and/Gingrich of GA, Republicans offer the Contract With America, & sweep to /


Thinking like a Founding Father: The Constitution and Bill of Rights Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy.

popular sovereignty, limited government, and individual rights are based on the social contract theory. Thomas Jefferson called the Declaration of Independence “pure Locke!” Social Contract and Natural State READ “Second Treatise of Government” on page 11 of your book and answer the four questions./ law because there was no judicial precedence in the United States, and the book is still read by lawyers and sometimes cited by Supreme Court Justices today! Part IV: The Moment of Decision The Moment of Decision/


Political & Social Philosophy Political philosophy: is the legitimacy of government The proper organization of human beings governed by law or instinct.

and and forfeits his own natural rights He has “earned” a punishment and the punishment must fit the crime Locke’s theory of justice is retribution and preventative Distributive justice for Locke is a meritocracy. The sovereign has been given the authority to create law by the social contract/no right to criminalize behavior that is harmful to only me and no one else Problems with Mill Historical perspective: it supports a middle class Victorian dream- “A man’s home is his castle” The social world has become/


04. “Criminal Legislation” Lecture by M.O. Sopiha, PhD.

criminal offensescriminal investigation v  Functions of Criminal Law Criminal law is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. There are four theories of criminal justice:  Punishment, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation  It is believed that imposing sanctions for the crime, society can achieve justice and a peaceable social/ law counts as a crime; for example: breaches of contract and of other civil law may rank as "offences" or /


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