Ppt on resistance temperature detector probe

The Resistive Plate Chamber Forward Upgrades Andrew Glenn University of Colorado, Boulder for the PHENIX Collaboration 23 rd WWND Feb 14, 2007 Outline.

, the sea quark polarizations of the proton can be probed to first order through A L using: Large x /Resistive Plate Chambers Abbrescia, M. Nucl.Instrum.Meth.A456:143-149,2000 Single event effect measurements on the resistive plate chambers front end chips for the CMS experiment Abbrescia, M. Temperature and humidity dependence of bulk resistivity of bakelite for resistive/for trigger simulations ~5400ft elevation A.M. Glenn 23rd WWND 11 Detector Geometry RPC2 North RPC3 North MuTR backplate “Rings” of equal /

The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment at FAIR Outline:  Physics case  Feasibility studies and Detector R&D  Outlook Peter Senger Seoul, April 21,

 : not reproduced by UrQMD p/  : correlation due to resonance decays NA49, nucl-ex/0403035 nucl-ex/0403035 Diagnostic probes of compressed baryonic matter U+U 23 AGeV CBM physics topics and observables  In-medium modifications of hadrons  onset of chiral /with phosphate glass Window glass: improved rate capability with increased temperature RPC prototype tests: time resolution vs. rate Detector with plastic electrodes (resistivity 10 9 Ohm cm.) New: encouraging results with ceramic electrodes ! electron/

This is standard 4-point probe configuration. You can source current through the left probes and measure the voltage through the right probes. OPTICAL.

at different sample temperatures. A transformer was utilized to control the samples heating process Van Der Pauw Method (Electrical data) The resistance and resistivity of an arbitrarily shaped sample can be determined using a four point probe method. The resistivity is given by:/Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) Atomic compositions of the thin films were obtained with the in- built x-ray detector. Atomic percentages of V:O:Nb and V:O of the corresponding metals oxidized on CVD diamond were obtained/

Manfred Krammer Institute for High Energy Physics, Vienna, Austria Silicon Detectors XII ICFA School on Instrumentation Bogotá, Nov. 25 th – Dec. 6 th,

Detector Polysilicon bias – 2 Top view of a strip detector with polysilicon resistors: CMS-Microstrip-Detektor: Close view of area with polysilicon resistors, probe/Detectors p + -stops p + -implants (p + -stops, blocking electrodes) between n + -strips interrupt the electron accumulation layer.  Interstrip resistance reaches again G . A. Peisert, Silicon Microstrip Detectors/distribution t…drift timeD…diffusion coefficient k…Boltzmann constantT…temperature e…electron charge  …charge carrier mobility with:/

Superconducting detectors and electronics

Hu(h , x) 𝑄 2 < 𝑀 𝑙 + 𝑙 − Hu(h , x) 2 𝑄 2 > 𝑀 𝑙 + 𝑙 − DVCS only probes h = x line Example with model of GPD H for up quark Jlab : Q2>0 Kinematical range increases with beam energy ( larger dilepton mass ) / hardness Long lifetime Costs ( silicon detector are expensive ) Operation at cryogenic temperatures for close to target measurement Superconductor When cooled down under critical Temperature Tc, electron tend to pair and can . Current can flow without seeing resistivity ( no joule effect ) Critical /

In vitro Total control of confounding variables –Vasomotion, temperature changes, autoregulation, mean BP Most accurate because vessel examined directly.

distance between the probes Pulse wave velocity = d/t Pulse wave velocity  (compliance) -1/2 t d LED (emitter) Photo-transistor (detector) 20 mm /nitric oxide maintains a low basal level of vascular tone and peripheral resistance –If NO production is impaired: Coronary arteries  angina Peripheral arteries/in routine clinical use Indirect –Venous occlusion plethysmography –Peripheral artery tonometry –Distal temperature changes –Change in arterial compliance Principle Relaxation of vascular smooth muscle  /

Manufacture of High Resistivity, Low Oxygen Czochralski Silicon June 2005 Olli Anttila Okmetic Fellow,Okmetic Oyj.

hot zone purity CZ vs. FZ MATERIAL for high frequency and detector applications Does CZ fulfill the requirements? dopant control? !YES? oxygen related donors? metallic contamination ? !YES! recombination lifetime / diffusion length? !YES! COP’s ? HIGH RESISTIVITY CZ MATERIAL low interstitial oxygen mandatory oxygen donors created during crystal growth and device process critical temperature appr. 450 °C donors annihilated > 600 °C back-end-of/

Low material budget microfabricated cooling devices for particle detectors P. PETAGNA and A. MAPELLI On behalf of: CERN PH/DT The NA62 Collaboration EPFL.

chemical stability, non-flammability and good dielectric behaviour. In particular C 6 F 14 is liquid at room temperature and is used as single phase cooling fluid in the inner tracking detectors of CMS. Properties C 6 F 14 @ -25°C Density r [kg/m 3 ]1805 Viscosity/ circulation Heat load simulated by a Kapton heater of suited resistance and geometrical dimension First tests on a full-scale prototype 30 Sep 201024P. Petagna & A. Mapelli Steady state  T between inlet and surface probes 1 2 3 4 5 6 4 5 6 3 2/

HV-CMOS Pixel Detector

unitary charge q = 1.602 x 10-19 C Resistivity range for detectors h/e Mobility vs Dopant Concentration Resistivity (rp, rn) is given by for p-type/) operational currents are below 1nA Probed only HV and GND pads Reminder: AMS H180 technology has low resistivity substrate – 10÷30 µm /depletion @100 V © M. Caloz @ 10-th “Trento” Workshop, 2015. CCPDv2 IV after Irradiation IV after neutron irradiation, up to 1015 neqcm-2 and 1016 neqcm-2, measurements at room temperature/

Rainer Schicker, Univ. Heidelberg FOUR SEAS CONFERENCE, 5-10 sept 2004, ISTANBUL ALICE experiment ● Physics motivation ● Experimental conditions ● Detector.

high above Tc - “potential” screened at short distances At what temperature do heavy quark states really disappear ? Rainer Schicker, Univ. Heidelberg FOUR/ FOUR SEAS CONFERENCE, 5-10 sept 2004, ISTANBUL LHC new aspects I -- probe initial partonic state in a novel Bjorken-x range (10 -3 - 10 / reconstruction -2 <  < 2 6 layers of Si detectors pixels, drift, strips Rainer Schicker, Univ. Heidelberg FOUR SEAS / pick up pad anode pick up pad Resistive layer (cathode) Resistive layer (anode) 5 gaps 05001000-500 /

Rudolf Žitný, Ústav procesní a zpracovatelské techniky ČVUT FS 2010 Temperature (thermocouples, thermistors) Experimental methods E181101 EXM2 Some pictures.

metals electrically connected generate voltage) Thermocouples  RTD (Resistance Temperature Detectorstemperature dependent electrical resistance) – thermistors (semiconductors) RTD  Infrared thermometers Infrared thermometers  Thermal luminiscence /probe and forced convection it is possible to use Whitaker’s correlationWhitaker’s correlation Heat from fluid to sensor [W] Nu-Nusselt numberNu-Nusselt number, D-diameter of sphere, thermal conductivity of fluid, u-velocity of fluid, kinematic viscosity, a-temperature/

Novel Stripixel Detectors on High Resistivity p-type Magnetic Czochralski Silicon for Experiments at Super LHC Zheng Li, D. Lissauer, D. Lynn, P. O’Connor,

Detector Design Considerations Detector Layout Detector Material Detector Simulations Detector Design Detector Fabrication Plan Photographs of 1 st prototype batch n-type detectors Summary Introduction o Schematics of the novel stripixel detectors/ ingot properties: k Temperature fluctuation:  dimensional nonuniformities  resistivity variations k Pull-rate/Resistivity (P doping) 1-50 1-20k n-type (  -cm) Resistivity (B doping) 0.5-50 up to 20k p-type (  -cm) Resistivity gradient 5-10 20 (four-point probe/

A.Montanari8th Topical Seminar on Innovative Part. and Rad. Detectors- Siena 22 Oct 2002 1 Application of Nanotechnologies in High Energy Physics NanoChanT.

process (voltage, acid type, acid concentration, temperature): pitch: 40 -> 400 nm Among Alumina properties: mechanical strenght good insulator A.Montanari8th Topical Seminar on Innovative Part. and Rad. Detectors- Siena 22 Oct 2002 8 Growing CN inside/Palladium shows affinity and strong interaction with SWNT. Low resistivity ohmic contacts A.Montanari8th Topical Seminar on Innovative Part. and Rad. Detectors- Siena 22 Oct 2002 13 Nano Channel Active Layer Detector Metallic strips: pitch 500 nm; length 10 mm/

Daniel EsperanteIFIC – 13 Jun 2012 Electrónica para nuevos detectores de Belle-II e ILC.

noise DEPFET allows to build low mass, high S/N detector! Depleted p-channel FET 3 Daniel EsperanteIFIC – 13 Jun / scheme fully automated Probe needle card to be built Maybe a flying needle needed for the probe- station P120612_17.57/out mechanism, different nozzles and both nozzles and chuck with temperature ramping control, stereo microscope Placement of passive components: programmable/Sensors => UPS-500 or UPS-600 from Ohmic instruments.  Capacitive+resistive sensor  Precision 5% RH [20 ± 90% RH]  /

CSPAD-140k S. Herrmann, S. Boutet, G. Carini, A. Dragone, D. Freytag, G. Haller, P. Hart, R. Herbst, C. Kenney, J. Pines, G. Williams a versatile detector.

of water -Structure of electrosprays Time-resolved crystallography X-ray pump x-ray probe -Dynamics of LCLS induced sample explosion Lysozyme structure @ 1.9 Å Classification /fast transfer simple connection robust communication onboard detector hybrid power and bias generation support for Peltier cooling and temperature control firmware variant of 2Mpix CSPAD system/ the ASIC (data bus lines) probably local digital power supply resistance anomaly of clock to output delay when ramp resets and comparators /

PA and Origami Status and Plan Koji Hara (KEK) Jan. 21, 2015 (updated on Jan. 23) 7th Belle II VXD Workshop and 18th International Workshop on DEPFET Detectors.

(updated on Jan. 23) 7th Belle II VXD Workshop and 18th International Workshop on DEPFET Detectors and Applications 1 Comments added after the session on Jan. 21 Additional information about reflow at /Temperature monitored by sensors inside Temperature profile data in appendix 20-30 sec. with temp. > 200 degrees – Length : about 3m – Speed 3m/4min. ~ 3m 7 Electrical Test Verified possibility to test PA0 alone and PA0 after glued on Origami – 4 probe resistance measurement – With “soft landing” probe Probe/

Quality Assurance of Silicon Strip Detectors and Monitoring of Manufacturing Process Thomas Bergauer Institute f. High Energy Physics HEPHY, Vienna SiLC.

, HEPHY Vienna18 Setup Description  Probe-card with 40 needles contacts all pads of test structures in parallel Half moon fixed by vacuum Micropositioner used for Alignment In light-tight box with humidity and temperature control  Instruments Source Measurement Unit/AC-coupled strips  Identical to main detector  Used to measure IV-curve up to 700 V Breakthrough voltage is determined Thomas Bergauer, HEPHY Vienna33 CAP-TS-DC  Used to determine inter-strip resistance  Similar structure like CAP-TS-/

Silicon Drift Detectors: A Novel Technology for Medical Imaging l Applications in medical imaging l Why semiconductor detectors ? l Which semiconductor.

mammography = 20 keV Dental X-ray tube = 35 keV Fast frame medical diagnostics Nuclear medicine Thyroid measurements, = 60-140 keV photons DNA probe array,  -emitter ( 32 P, 14 C, 35 S), = 50-700 keV X-ray Mammography statistics Breast cancer Most frequent neoplastic/drift increase the resistance and slow the drift velocity. The detectors work well up to 50 o C but are also very T- dependent. T-variations of 0.1 0 C cause a 10% drift velocity variation Detectors are operated at room temperature in STAR. We/

Superconductivity Characterized by- critical temperature T c - sudden loss of electrical resistance - expulsion of magnetic fields (Meissner Effect) Type.

temperature T c - sudden loss of electrical resistance - expulsion of magnetic fields (Meissner Effect) Type I and II superconductivity (vortices) Above a critical magnetic field sc collapses (much larger for type II SC) Technological Importance Lossless energy conduction Miniaturization (downtown & in space) Effective Transportation (MagLevs) Strong Magnetic Fields (fusion, MRI) Thin Film detector/ Scattering Advantage:momentum and frequency resolved probe Problems:Needs large single crystals requires /

Thermocouple A thermocouple or thermocouple thermometer is a junction between two different metals that produces a voltage related to a temperature difference.

–100 °C with 0.1 °C accuracy. For such applications thermistors and resistance temperature detectors are more suitable. Applications include temperature measurement for thermistorsresistance temperature detectors kilns, kilns gas turbine exhaust, gas turbine diesel engines, and diesel other /of operating temperature. Another cause is impurities and chemicals from the insulation diffusing into the thermocouple wire. If operating at high temperatures, check the specifications of the probe insulation. /

Particle Detectors (Horst Wahl, Quarknet lecture, June 2001)

resolve structure at small distances to study structure of small objects: need probe with short wavelength: use particles with high momentum to get short wavelength remember/ bubble chamber Vessel, filled (e.g.) with liquid hydrogen at a temperature above the normal boiling point but held under a pressure of about 10/a local depleted region with no applied voltage Solid State Detector Physics - band structures Silicon detectors are typically high resistivity >1 KW-cm “float zone” silicon The small energy/

1 Measurement of Temperature Practical Temperature Measurement Temperature Measurement Presentation Defining and measuring temperature Thermal Time Constant.

the medium being monitored. –Mounting configurations such as a probe assembly or surface mounting. –Thermal conductivity of the materials used to assemble the thermistor in probe housings. –The environment that the thermistor will be exposed//v4n2/datasets.shoemaker.html 95% Confidence interval 8 The Resistance Temperature Detector (RTD) RTD: Most accurate, Most stable, Fairly linear –Expensive (platinum) –Slow (relative) –Needs I source (changing resistance) –Self-heating (don’t change the measurement due /

RHIC Detector Upgrades Science, Scope, Strategy T. Ludlam New Frontiers at RHIC Oct. 30, 2005.

Achievements with RHIC 2001 - present The Big Questions QCD at High Temperature and Density: What are the properties of quark-gluon matter above/ Forward Silicon Tracker GEM layer on endcap PHENIX Muon Trigger Resistive Plate Chambers Funded by NSF FY 2006FY 2007FY 2008FY 2009FY /detector to exploit HI collisions in the eRHIC era. The Long Term Vision: RHIC as a QCD Laboratory eRHIC: DIS at collider energies e-A at 63 GeV/u Polarized e-p at 100 GeV L ~ 10 33 cm -2 sec -1 RHIC Spin: Strongly interacting probes/

Future Physics with CBM Paweł Staszel Jagiellonian University  Physics motivation  Detector concept  Feasibility study  Status.

„soft” hadrons production (bulk observables) Information about earlier phases is carried by rare probes: High p T particles Particles decaying into leptons Particles build up of heavy quarks /) ‏ None monotonic behaviour of K + /  + ratio Effective temperature shows plateau in the range of SPS energy Paweł Staszel 31 st /Report 2008 Content: Micro Vertex Detector Silicon Tracking System Ring Imaging Cherenkov Detector Muon System Transition Radiation Detectors Resistive Plate Chambers Calorimeters Magnet FEE/

- Preliminary results from temperature modeling using the CIII 97.7 nm / CIV 155 nm line ratio give an average plasma temperature of 25 eV early in counter-helicity.

move with the plasma. However, real plasmas have finite resistivity, so it is possible for field lines to diffuse through the plasma and reconnect. [Figure from Fung, 2006] Experimental Methods - Probes inserted into the plasma can measure magnetic fields and provide/ compared to SXR measurements to determine a best-fit temperature profile for each shot Results from the VUV Monochromator Results from the Soft X-Ray Detector Figure 12. Example of SXR temperature fitting for a single time step during an SSX /

Temperature Measurements Principles Measuring Devices Applications بِسْـــــمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحيـــــِمِ

and Instrumentation 1112 Oct. 2015 BME 353 - Biomedical Measurements and Instrumentation 1212 Oct. 2015 Resistance Temperature Devices RTD’s R = R 0 [1 +  (T – T 0 )] /detectors. BME 353 - Biomedical Measurements and Instrumentation 2412 Oct. 2015 The infrared thermometer opens a shutter to expose the sensor to radiation from the tympanic membrane. BME 353 - Biomedical Measurements and Instrumentation 2512 Oct. 2015 Details of the fiber/sensor arrangement for the GaAs semiconductor temperature probe/

Procurement Readiness Review : Detector Fabrication, Qualification & Assembly at India M D Ghodgaonkar Electronics Division, BARC, India.

process related details Quality of oxide ( oxide charge & interface states), thickness of oxide & passivation ( ellipsometer ), sheet resistance (four probe), junction depth (groove & stain) have been checked on test wafers. Wafers were measured before/after passivation, before/after / power PRR Meeting, July 5-6 2001, CERN -Irradiation can be carried out without bias and at room temperature -Detectors will be stored in a deep freezer at -5 0 C after irradiation. Total or individual strip current and/

A. Polini CHEP 2010, October 18-22, Taipei,Taiwan A.Polini (on behalf of the ATLAS Muon Collaboration) Outline: Detector Description System Requirements.

Resistive Plate Chamber |  | < 1.1 360k ch, 6 layers Trigger and Readout Precise spatial measurement Toroidal Magnets (2~6 T  m) Precise spatial measurement Trigger and Readout A. Polini CHEP 2010, October 18-22, Taipei,Taiwan Detector Control System nFour different detector/input –8 digital output lines nADC used for readout of: –temperatures (~14000 probes), –chamber displacements (~3700 TGC) –magnetic field (1650 3D hall probes) –frontend electronics V and T nFront End electronics Initialization via /

Optical and Electrical Characterisation of Defects and Charge Transport in CdZnTe radiation detectors P.J. Sellin, S. Rath, M. Breese, A. Hossain, E.J.

detectors P.J. Sellin, S. Rath, M. Breese, A. Hossain, E.J. Morton, M. Ozsan Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, U.K. CdZnTe material issues: Material characterisation aims to answer many questions: material homogenity: local variations in alloy compositions, bandgap, resistivity/ is a useful non-invasive room temperature metrology for investigating material homogenity PL excitation / SEM in a lateral geometry is a useful probe of the metal/semiconductor interface Carrier mobility/

Heavy Ion Physics at the LHC with the Compact Muon Solenoid Detector Matthew Searle UC Davis Nuclear Physics Group 25 Aug 2004.

three different detecting elements: drift tubes (DT’s), cathode strip chambers (CSC’s), and resistive plate chambers (RPC’s) dedicated to triggering. The muon system covers up to |η| < 2/temperatures, and for longer lifetimes of the fireball. LHC energies will provide qualitatively new probes: high pT jets, y, Z 0, Y family, D and B mesons, & high-mass dileptons. CMS has a dedicated amount of beam time for Heavy Ion physics (1 month per year). Intro to CMS Why CMS is currently the ideal Heavy Ion detector/

28 Feb 2000ISAT 3001 Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs)

28 Feb 2000ISAT 3001 Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs) 28 Feb 2000ISAT 3002 Bridge Circuits ISAT 300 Spring 1999 28 Feb 2000ISAT 3003 Wheatstone Bridge n A circuit designed to measure changes in resistance n In Instrumentation it is used as signal / between the measured voltage and the RTD resistance. n Three-wire: Better results. n Four-wire: Resistance is a linear function of the measured voltage.  Four Wire Design 28 Feb 2000ISAT 30016 Example: An RTD probe has a resistance of 100  at 0 o C/

August 15-17, 2005 SNOLab Workshop #4 1 The PICASSO Dark Matter Search Experiment: Tony Noble Queen’s University The PICASSO Detector Technique Overview.

T & P Advantages of this Technique Probe of the Spin Dependent Sector August 15-17, 2005 SNOLab Workshop #4 5 Overview of Run Plan Phase 1: −Small prototype detectors (1 L). Have been running with these/Resistive heating on top and bottom plates PID block tuned to keep temperature stable and uniform. August 15-17, 2005 SNOLab Workshop #4 18 August 15-17, 2005 SNOLab Workshop #4 19 August 15-17, 2005 SNOLab Workshop #4 20 Temperature and Pressure Control System: -Need to be able to “reset” the detectors/

Photon Detector with PbWO 4 Crystals and APD Readout APS “April” Meeting in Denver, CO on May 4, 2004 presented by Kenta Shigaki (Hiroshima University,

Detector with PWO and APD / APS Meeting in Denver / Kenta Shigaki3 - Physics via Photon Channels at LHC-ALICE -  photons in relativistic heavy ion experiments vital probes/ radius avalanche photo diode (APD) magnetic-field resistance compactness May 4, 2004Photon Detector with PWO and APD / APS Meeting in Denver/and scintillating properties investigated transmittance scintillation light yield temperature dependence scintillation decay time ditto May 4, 2004Photon Detector with PWO and APD / APS Meeting in/

Light Vector Meson Results From the PHENIX Detector In pp, dAu, and AuAu Collisions at RHIC Charles F. Maguire (Vanderbilt University) for the PHENIX Collaboration.

+Au o Expanded reach with new detector subsystems: MRPC/Aerogel and HBD Charles F. MaguireWWND2005 (February 10) 3  Meson as a Special Probe for RHI Collisions o s-s /exponential in m T, three centrality bins are used Extracted inverse slope parameter (“Temperature”) is independent of centrality Results are same when three subsystem combination data sets are/F. MaguireWWND2005 (February 10) 29 MRPC: Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chamber A stack of resistive plates (glass) with electrodes stuck on the outside. /

SNAP OCU ProjectSLAC EPAC Meeting Nov. 14-15, 2003 1 The Supernova / Acceleration Probe (SNAP) Presentation to the Experimental Program Advisory Committee.

’s HgCdTe BITE Photometry: half-billion pixel mosaic camera, high- resistivity, rad-tolerant p- type CCDs (0.35-1.0  /projected SNAP resolution (including dithering) and sky/detector noise (Marshall) –Establish procedure for data / catastrophes as (Baltz): –highly magnifying telescopes –probes of granularity of dark matter –surveying instruments SNAP/telescope structure, etc… –Survival heaters –Monitor and trend temperatures –Housekeeping »Monitor instrument environment »Packetize and route as telemetry/

Status of the international FAIR Project Horst Stöcker GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung Hard probes Eilat, October 2010 AustriaIndiaChina.

≈ E Fermi Strongly coupled plasmas, Γ=E C / E KIN > 1 Temperature [eV] Jupiter Sun Surface Magnetic Fusion solid state density Particle density [cm -/probes with high luminosity and next generation detectors Dipol magnet The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment Ring Imaging Cherenkov Detector Transition Radiation Detectors Resistive Plate Chambers (TOF) Electro- magnetic Calorimeter Silicon Tracking Stations Tracking Detector Muon detection System Projectile Spectator Detector (Calorimeter) Vertex Detector/

Local Structural Properties of Magnetoresistive Materials Outline : Magneto-Resistive materials I - Manganites II - Double-Perovskites Fabrizio Bardelli.

: spin-valves spin-injectors tunnel junctions Magnetic layer Non-Magnetic layer Low resistanceHigh resistance I Manganites Theory Doped manganites O 2- Mn 3+ A = La 3/FT| (a.u.) Extendend X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (EXAFS) Selective and local probe suitable to investigate the local structure around the absorber atom XANES valence state and /substate Total Electron Yield (TEY) detector Challenging measurements : TEY detector design goals: Signal amplification in gas phase Low temperatures (down to 4.2 K) /

Ultra Stable Terahertz Frequency Synthesizers and Extremely Sensitive HEB Detectors up to 70 THz. Mikhail L. Gershteyn President, Insight Product Co. www.insight-product.com.

gas at a pressure of 1 Torr and standard temperature is 10-6 (∆f/f) in the terahertz range. Therefore to match the “absorption line” we need to have a probing signal which has at least 10-6 (∆f/resistive transition between the superconducting state and the normal state of the superconducting bridge, induced by the heating of THz radiation signals. Click for a schematic of the detector principle. To reach a high intermediate frequency (IF) bandwidth, an extremely thin NbN film with a high critical temperature/

ACT: The Atacama Cosmology Telescope Probing Fundamental Physics Through Measurements of Cosmic Structure Jack Hughes, Rutgers University for the ACT Team.

Atacama Cosmology Telescope Probing Fundamental Physics / of structure Eqn. of state Neutrino mass Ionization history ACT Optical X-ray Theory Power spectrum CMB Temperature Power Spectrum WMAP PLANCK  Measure the linear regime and the transition to the non-linear  Overlap/growth of structure How a TES Bolometer Works TES Detector features good noise performance, high sensitivity, high speed, linear behavior Increasing P opt raises TES T and increases resistance. Device is voltage biased, so Joule heating /

Powering for Future Detectors: DC-DC Conversion for the CMS Tracker Upgrade Powering for Future Detectors: DC-DC Conversion for the CMS Tracker Upgrade.

Future Detectors AMIS2_V2 V in =10V, V out =1.2V, I out =1A Efficiency = P out / P in Resistive losses from  chip (R on of transistors)  wire bonds  inductor Resistive losses /1.5 mm above coil: Emitted field is measured with a pick-up probe and spectrum analyzer [height of 1. peak] Scanning table BzBz BzBz Solenoid / = 10V, Vout = 3.3V Output current [A] Temperature [°C] Thermal Measurements Katja Klein 18 Powering for Future Detectors Measurements with Flir infrared camera Peltier element set to +20°C/

Muon Collider Detector “New Instrumentation Possibilities.

detector Slide 25 Digital Electromagnetic Calorimeter EM calorimeter based on Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors Intrinsic high granularity through wafer processing CMOS process cheaper than high resistivity/saturation effect) Sensitive to temperature change Cross-talk and /detectors thinned to 50-100  m at MIT-LL for beam and probe tests Detector Cross section near one detector edge Implant with laser annealing Trench on detector edge filled with poly and connected to bottom implant Diode implants Detector/

Results from Prototypes of Some Environmental and Health Related Alarm Devices Based on Gaseous Detectors Operating in Air in Counting Mode G. Charpak.

stably in noble gases Hence, very probably hole-type detectors will stably operate in air too (?) 10x10cm 2 RETGEM- -robust spark-protected thick GEM (TGEM) with resistive electrodes RETGEM was first presented at the previous Vienna /detector based on a single-wire counter operating in avalanche mode Vessel with liquids Cryostat Pump UV sources Pressure gage Calibration by : 1) “volume” dilution, 2) low temperature vapours Buffer chamber Air+ vapors Single-wire counter Commercial sensor Cross-check probe/

Introducing S7-300 RTD & Thermocouple Modules

RTD - abbreviation for Resistance Temperature Detector. It is a sensor which operates on the principle that the resistance increases with an increase in temperature at a specific rate. Commonly manufactured using a platinum resistance element. More accurate and/dimensions and sizes of RTD probes will vary depending on the application needs. Generally, a RTD resistance element is installed in a metal sheathed assembly. Key Thermocouple Specifications Thermocouple - a temperature sensor based on the principle/

Optical and thermal imaging of nanostructures with a scanning fluorescent particle as a probe. Near-field experiments : ESPCI, Paris, FranceLionel Aigouy,

: fluorescent particle as a local sensor A local thermal sensor Hot zones in a polysilicon resistive stripe Local field around metallic nanoparticles Surface plasmons polaritons launched by apertures A local optical sensor /current circulates in the resistor Uniform temperature (room temperature) Optical contrast visible between different zones Reference image I = 50 mA I = 0 mA APL, 87, 184105 (2005). Hot spots CONCLUSION Scanning near-field fluorescent probes have really interesting imaging capabilities /

Near-Infrared Detector Arrays M. Robberto (with several slides grabbed from J. Beletic, K. Hodapp et al.)

. How well we need to control x at room Temperature to have a 2% uncertainty in response at cutoff / Free (depleted) of mobile carriers: extremely low conductivity, or high resistivity. An insulator between two charge distributions is a capacitance. The development /aligned, squeezed and distorted to establish electric contact between detector layer and multiplexer: COLD-WELDING The addressing and readout/side (top) Approx. 110 doubled I/O pads (probing and bonding) Three-side close buttable 18 µm pixels /

Scanning Probe Microscopy Studies of Polycrystalline and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors Reuben T. Collins, Colorado School of Mines, and Thomas F. Kuech,

detector. EL emission correlated well with the location of the Cu dots as shown by the images in the figure. From room temperature down to approximately 100 K, EL intensity was up to an order of magnitude greater on the Cu dots. This result is consistent with the idea that the presence of Cu reduces back contact resistance/Ohno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1529 (2004). Joshua Dorr and Scanning Probe Microscopy Studies of Polycrystalline and Nanocrystalline Semiconductors Reuben T. Collins, Colorado School of Mines/

SNAP technical design highlights 2010 2001 Supernova Acceleration Probe Development Configuration Launch Physics Discoveries Assembly Technology Physics.

Probe/SN —Optical Photometry: with 1°x 1° billion pixel mosaic camera, high-resistivity, rad- tolerant p-type CCDs sensitive over 0.35-1  m —IR/Excellent Telemetry, reduces risk on satellite  Outside Radiation Belts  Passive Cooling of Detectors  Minimizes Stray Light  MAP currently proving orbit concept Three Ground Stations Mission/ generation – Provide switched, programmable large voltages for CCD and local power. Temperature monitoring – Local and remote. DAQ and instrument control interface – Path to/

Analysis of Edge and Surface TCTs for Irradiated 3D Silicon Strip Detectors Graeme Stewart a, R. Bates a, C. Corral b, M. Fantoba b, G. Kramberger c, G.

7 Drawbacks of TCTs Edge TCT: Applicable only for strip/pixel detectors if 1064 nm laser is used (light must penetrate guard ring/the Peltier element constant sample temperature: -20 o C stable position/laser sample temperature stabilized to less than 1/ annealing leads to a decrease in the interstrip resistance. Eventually, the strips short together. Resistance vs Annealing time, shown by C. Fleta / Edge and top TCTs provide a new method to probe 3D devices. –Velocity information can be collected. In/

SLAC 12-4-2003Niels van Bakel 1 I.Physics potential –CKM status –LHCb requirements II.The LHCb detector III.Vertex detector (VELO) –Read-out chip (Beetle)

 m –Temperature -10 ºC –Second metal layer 21 + 2 1 meter Pile - Up stations SLAC 12-4-2003Niels van Bakel 14 III. The Vertex detector Detector on X-Y tables Silicon stations in vacuum Retractable detector halves for beam injection R detector Phi detector Beam 281k readout/ 2000 Frequency (MHz) 10 6 10 4 10 2 Shunt resistance R s (  ) Close to beam and high rates give a few design constrains:  Fast readout  High Radiation  Cooling of the detectors  Wakefields SLAC 12-4-2003Niels van Bakel 27 High LHC /

Changes of the particle detection properties of irradiated silicon microstrip sensors after room and elevated temperature annealing G. Casse, A. Affolder,

prediction of accelerated annealing when translated to other temperatures Plans for the sensor upgrade of the general/ at 2·10 14 and 5·10 15  for detectors irradiated to 5·10 14 and 1·10 15 breakdown/ prototypes fully characterized that meet final specs –Inter-strip capacitance & resistance, coupling capacitance, depletion voltage, leakage currents and polysilicon resistors qualified /≥ 2020) Survey of available silicon materials to probe their individual limits Investigation of properties of several layout/

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