Ppt on resistance temperature detector formula

© 1997-2005, R.LevinePage 1 Electronics Review EETS8320 SMU Session 4, Fall 2005 (print slides only, no notes pages)

, Wavelength, Frequency For a simple oscillatory wave, these three properties are related by this formula: wave speed = wavelength/cycle time cycle time is also called a period. Frequency f/electrons is fixed, and causes a relatively small percent increase in resistivity as temperature increases –This also occurs in insulators and semiconductors, but it is/from sunlight I o proportional to incident light intensity –opto-electric detector for fiber optic system receiver Avalanche diode is sensitive to very low/


CHAPTER 1 FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS 1. This course covers: The fundamentals of common analytical instruments Measurements with these instruments Interpretation.

information electrically –Nonelectrical domains –Electrical domains Analog, Time, Digital 8 Instruments Detector –Device that indicates a change in one variable in its environment (eg.,/ material Can provide empirical formula of organic compounds (X- Ray Fluorescence, AAS) Qualitative Molecular/ = temperature in Kelvin, R = resistance in ohms of the resistive element. Thermal noise can be decreased by narrowing the bandwidth, by lowering the electrical resistance and by lowering the temperature of instrument/


CHAPTER 3 : MICROWAVE MEASUREMENTS

moved either side to determine 2 positions at which twice as much detector signal is obtained. The distance d between these two positions then gives the VSWR according to the formula : S = √ 1 + 1/Sin2(πd/λ) POWER MEASUREMENT /Bolometer is a power sensor whose resistance changes with temperature as it absorbs microwave power. Are power detectors that operate on thermal principles. Since the temperature of the resistance is dependent on the signal power absorbed, the resistance must also be in proportion /


Meditations Meditations On Basic Open Hole Log Validation Techniques Revised: June 1998.

/m, which, using the formula above, is equivalent to -/resistivity measured by the Rm sensor. This resistivity should compare with the mud resistivity recorded on surface after temperature has been taken into account (a temperature increase causes a resistivity decrease). 25 The AHTCA is the PEx-AITH temperature output that is used in applying the temperature coefficient corrections to the receiver conductivity signals. Though this temperature reflects the temperature/ far and near detectors. This is actually/


Detection of Electromagnetic Radiation III: Photon Noise Phil Mauskopf, University of Rome 19 January, 2004.

array IR Filter Antennas (e.g. horns) X-misson line Detectors Bare array Antenna coupled Microstrip Filters Mm and submm planar antennas/! 1990s: SuZIE, SCUBA, NTD/composite 1998: 300 mK NTD SiN PLANCK: 100 mK NTD SiN Wave noise Shot noise Noise: Formulae The 1  uncertainty in the optical power is:  p = h   N(1+  N) /(  ) N/)n th (T, ) What does T, n th mean inside an amplifier that has gain? Gain ~ Negative resistance (or negative temperature) n amp (T, ) = -1/ /(exp(-  /kT)-1)  -1 as T  0 /


L. Groening, Sept. 15th, 2003 GSI-Palaver, Dec. 10 th, 2003, A dedicated proton accelerator for p-physics at the future GSI facilities Peter Forck, JUAS.

specification (Bergoz NPCT): Most parameters are comparable the GSI-model Temperature coeff. 0.5 µA/ o C Resolution  10/ Careful shielding against external fields with μ-metal.  High resistivity of the core material to prevent for eddy current / Copper & Faraday Cups of e - Bethe Bloch formula is valid for all charged particles. However, Bremsstrahlung /Archamps Beam Current Measurement 37 Low Current Measurement: Particle Detectors Electronic solid state amplifier have finite noise contribution Theoretical/


CENG4480_A2 Op Amps and Analog interfacing

to voltage converter: application to photo detector – no loading effect for the light detector V0=I R I should not be too large otherwise offset voltage will be too high. Photodiode Light detector R I _ V0 A + See/resistance of the magnetic sensor at a rate of RT (in KΩ per degree Celsius). Discuss how you can use two or more sensors to reduce the effect of temperature change. Draw the circuit of your scheme and explain with the help of formulas of how the system can be freed from the effect of temperature/


ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY EE 303 H. Chan; Mohawk College.

and B2. r’B1 and r’B2 are internal dynamic resistances. The interbase resistance, r’BB = r’B1 + r’B2. r’B1/ used in environments with high common-mode noise, e.g., remote temperature- or pressure sensing over a long transmission line. Its main characteristics / C3 in series with L in the reso- nant circuit. Formulas are similar to those for Colpitts except R2 C5 Vout C4 R1/shown in the block diagram below: Control element VIN VOUT Error detector Sensing circuit Reference voltage H. Chan; Mohawk College Op-Amp/


LAAQ-B-LC001B 1 What Is HPLC? Basic Principles. LAAQ-B-LC001B 2 Invention of Chromatography by M. Tswett Ether CaCO 3 Chlorophyll Chromato Chromatography.

Free adjustment of injection volume  Minimal loss  Superior durability and pressure resistance LAAQ-B-LC001B 31 Manual Injector INJECT position LOAD position From pump To / for Selecting Separation Mode (1) Required Information Soluble solvent Molecular weight Structural formula and chemical properties  Do the substances ionize?  Is there UV absorption/ (pump or degasser), or the detector. If the column is identified as the cause...  Rinsing  Review of temperature control  Replacement LAAQ-B-LC001B 167/


1 2010 Element 2 Technician Class Question Pool by W4ZH Jeff Smith Valid July 1, 2010 Through June 30, 2014.

B.Sunspots and solar flares C.Updrafts from hurricanes and tornadoes D.Temperature inversions in the atmosphere 134 T3C09 What is generally the best time/resistance (R) B.Current (I) equals voltage (E) divided by resistance (R) C.Current (I) equals voltage (E) added to resistance (R) D.Current (I) equals voltage (E) minus resistance (R) 193 T5D02 What formula/following circuits demodulates FM signals? A.Limiter B.Discriminator C.Product detector D.Phase inverter 262 T7A12 Which term describes the ability of /


17/09/2015 Unit 2 – Physics for your Future (EdExcel)

Thermistor – resistance DECREASES when temperature INCREASES 1) Light dependant resistor – resistance DECREASES when light intensity INCREASES Resistance Amount of light Resistance Temperature 17/09/2015 Understanding Resistance When a/and velocity has MOMENTUM. Momentum (symbol “p”) is simply given by the formula: Momentum = Mass x Velocity (in kgm/s) (in kg) (/– why? 17/09/2015 Uses of radioactivity 3 – Smoke Detectors Smoke detectors Alarm +ve electrode -ve electrode Alpha emitter Ionised air particles If/


CONTENTS Introduction Pipes & Fittings Plastic Films & Laminates. Containers Woven Sacks Plastic Flooring Cellular Plastics Testing of FRP References.

conducts irrigation lines (UHMW-PE) PPLight weight and good high temperature and chemical resistance Low pressure line and Acid waste drainage system one and water system/ the specimen on the support between the light source and photo detector cell The percentage light transmitted is directly read from the opacity indicator/-measure the thickness of the specimen. Calculate compression by using the following formula. COMPRESSION SET PROCEDURE: Thickness of test specimen is measured by dial micrometer/


14/06/2016 Unit 2 – Physics for your Future (EdExcel)

Thermistor – resistance DECREASES when temperature INCREASES 1) Light dependant resistor – resistance DECREASES when light intensity INCREASES Resistance Amount of light Resistance Temperature 14/06/2016 Understanding Resistance When a/and velocity has MOMENTUM. Momentum (symbol “p”) is simply given by the formula: Momentum = Mass x Velocity (in kgm/s) (in kg) (/– why? 14/06/2016 Uses of radioactivity 3 – Smoke Detectors Smoke detectors Alarm +ve electrode -ve electrode Alpha emitter Ionised air particles If/


1 2010 Element 2 Technician Class Question Pool by W4ZH Jeff Smith Valid July 1, 2010 Through June 30, 2014.

B.Sunspots and solar flares C.Updrafts from hurricanes and tornadoes D.Temperature inversions in the atmosphere 134 T3C09 What is generally the best time/resistance (R) B.Current (I) equals voltage (E) divided by resistance (R) C.Current (I) equals voltage (E) added to resistance (R) D.Current (I) equals voltage (E) minus resistance (R) 193 T5D02 What formula/following circuits demodulates FM signals? A.Limiter B.Discriminator C.Product detector D.Phase inverter 262 T7A12 Which term describes the ability of /


www.unit5.org/chemistry Unit 2: Classification of Matter.

point TasteOdorDissolves in water Shininess (luster) SoftnessDuctilityViscosity (resistance to flow) Volatility HardnessMalleabilityDensity (mass / volume ratio/changes solid liquid gas vaporization condensation melting freezing Heat added Temperature ( o C) A B C D E Heating/Formulas Represent? Chemical Formulas – shorthand notation for a chemical compound Expression# of formula units # of atoms of each type in a formula/mobile phase sweeps sample down column detector http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/


SCIENCE TEACHERS ASSOCIATION OF NIGERIA UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 2012 NATIONAL PHYSICS SUBJECT PANEL WORKSHOP HELD AT GOVERNMENT.

temperature of temperature bag, transmitting pressure components (capillary) and pressure sensitive components (spring tubes) composition. Infrared thermometer principle -- infrared temperature-measuring plan by optical system, photoelectric detector/resistance thermometer advantages display is easy to read rapid response accurate over broad temperature/.67 Kelvin to Rankine Conversion [°R] = [K] × 9/5 Degree Rankine Temperature Conversion Formula table Rankine to Celsius Conversion [°C] = [°R] × 5/9 − 273.15/


Italo-Hellenic School of Physics 2005 – Martignano June 2005 C.Roda University and INFN Pisa 1 Calorimetry at LHC  Why should I want a calorimeter ? 

Martignano June 2005 C.Roda University and INFN Pisa 43 Sampling fluctuations The previous formula however fails to describe the correct dependence of the resolution with the active layer /It is affected by non uniform response of the detector as a function of the impact point position (equalization), temperature… It is mainly related to the precision and /resolution Fast High granularity Radiation resistance E range MIP → TeV Homogeneous calorimeter made of 75000 PbW0 4 scintillating /


Italo-Hellenic School of Physics 2005 – Martignano June 2005 C.Roda University and INFN Pisa 1 Calorimetry at LHC  Why should I want a calorimeter ? 

Martignano June 2005 C.Roda University and INFN Pisa 43 Sampling fluctuations The previous formula however fails to describe the correct dependence of the resolution with the active layer /It is affected by non uniform response of the detector as a function of the impact point position (equalization), temperature… It is mainly related to the precision and /resolution Fast High granularity Radiation resistance E range MIP → TeV Homogeneous calorimeter made of 75000 PbW0 4 scintillating /


Errata NFPA 99 Standard for Health Care Facilities 2005 Edition

99– 13 1.4 Equivalency ...................................... 99– 13 1.5 Units and Formulas ........................... 99– 13 1.6 Standard Adoption Requirements ......... 99– 13 Chapter / facility boundary, that portion of the facility boundary shall not require 2-hour fire-resistant–rated construction. 20.2.1 Housing for Hyperbaric Facilities (lanjutan). * If there /operate at a temperature exceeding 60°C (140°F). 20.2.8 Communications and Monitoring. 20.2.8.1 General. 20.2.8.1.1 Detectors, sensors, /


by Prof. Lubos Hes, PhD., DSc, University of Liberec, Czech Republic,

new theory and a new high precision measuring instrument, HES and STANEK derived the following formula for thermal conductivity  of textile fabrics with low density:   λ = A / function of PCM is strongly affected by the level of phase change temperature and the level of thermal resistance, and that the most important factor is mass of PCM elements inserted/Military garments invisible for low temperature (medium infrared) detectors (detectors of own heat radiation), due to very low surface emissivity. Here/


CHAPTER 6 TRANSDUCER. Definition of a transducer Transducer is any device that converts energy in one form to another energy. The majority either convert.

another plate free to move as the pressure changes. The resulting variation follows the basic capacity formula: where, A = area of one side of one plate in cm 2 n = /Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTD) The relationship between temperature and resistance of conductors in the temperature range near 0 o C can be calculated from the equation: R = the resistance of the conductor at temperature t (°C) R 0 = the resistance at the reference temperature, usually 20°C α = the temperature coefficient of resistance/


Project Description: Training for the junior high and high school science instructors. Forensics Science for the Classroom Teacher February 5, 19, & 26.

Sample heated rapidly to 750°C or higher to thermally decompose it ► High temperature break polymer backbone, forming smaller, more volatile fragments ► Fragments examined for structure / Luminol test ► Reaction with blood to produce light Luminol-Blood Detector ► Mixture of luminol and hydrogen peroxide ► Sprayed at crime scene ►/to work with external ballistics ► Drag: force that resists movement of a solid object through fluid (liquid or gas) ► Several formulae, simplest is: ► Kinetic Energy (KE) =/


Uncooled Infrared Photon Detection Concepts and Devices Viraj Jayaweera Piyankarage Department of Physics & Astronomy Georgia State University.

60° FOV BLIP at 250K, D* 1x10 12 Jones Optimized for room temperature (~300 K) Conversion efficiency ~50% D* ~1x10 11 Jones 60° FOV BLIP at 250K, D* 1x10 12 Jones 61 Spectral power density of noise (Hoog’s Formula) Where f is frequency, 0<α <2 α = 0 white noise/p-CuSCN n-TiO2/MC-IR792/p-CuSCN Appl. Phys. Lett., 85, 5754-5756 (2004) Noise in Dye-Sensitized IR Detectors 67 Sample # Δ λtλt Operating Temperature Dynamic Resistance @ 1V (Ω) Dark Current Density @ 1V (A/cm 2 ) Responsivity (mA / W) D* (Jones) (meV/


R. BELLWIED12/6/20151 Light Quark Observables (an experimental overview) Rene Bellwied University of Houston International.

detector (example; ALICE) 22 Based on MRPC: Multi Resistive Plate Chamber Measure the time of flight from primary vertex to detector: ~4 m = 13 ns (assuming c) R. BELLWIED ALICE: five independent PID detectors/1, …) are the combined response functions. PID combined for several detectors The functions R(S|i) are not necessarily “formulas” (can be “procedures”). Some other effects (like mis-measurements/ density:   10 GeV/fm 3 (model dependent) Initial Temperature: T RHIC ~ 350 MeV T LHC > 500 MeV Gluon /


Physical Science Do Now 1/13/11 1. Sharpen pencil and sit in assigned seat 2. Write down 3 things that students do to make a class great and three things.

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AS Revision PowerPoint.  Atomic Structure Atomic Structure  Amount of Substance Amount of Substance  Bonding Bonding  Periodicity Periodicity  Introduction.

according to their mass/charge ratio.  The deflected ions then arrive at the detector.  The five stages are then: ◦ Vaporisation ◦ Ionisation ◦ Acceleration ◦ Deflection/formulae to balance the equation ◦ 4NH 3 + 5O 2 4NO + 6H 2 O  Avogadro suggested that "equal volumes of all gases contain equal number of molecules (the gases being measured at the same temperature/ two atoms because it attracts the nucleus of each atom and therefore resists the separation of the two atoms.  Simple molecular: low melting /


The HiLumi LHC Design Study (a sub-system of HL-LHC) is co-funded by the European Commission within the Framework Programme 7 Capacities Specific Programme,

LHC Collimators Experimental pipes and forward detectors Crab cavities Hollow electron lens High bandwidth feedback Perspectives Beam induced heating? 12  Example of temperature of certain LHC devices during physics/talk at the Crab Cavity workshop in 2010 and 2011. Alexey’s formula for the transverse coupled bunch instability was used with actual parameters. /length 5.317 m) EnergyInner radiusBunch length (4  t ) Im(Z t eff )  /m  resistive part Im(Z t eff )  /m  geom. part Im(Z t eff )  M  /


Steinar Stapnes 1 Instrumentation Content Introduction Part 1: Passage of particles through matter Charges particles, Photons, Neutrons, Neutrinos  Momentum.

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Physical Science Do Now 8/19/10 1. Sharpen pencil and sit in assigned seat 2. Write down 3 things that students do to make a class great and three things.

Distance, & Time calculations Speed, Distance, & Time calculations Get Formula Sheet Get Formula Sheet Learn the “Egg” Learn the “Egg” Speed Calculations /Pre-written notes and Questions: States of matter Comparing Temperature Scales Comparing Temperature Scales Summarizer chart Summarizer chart NO SANDALS FRIDAY!!! /an airplane, they are reflected back to a detector and the airplane shows up on a radar /If all cars run on 12 volt electricity, what is the resistance of the light bulb? V=IR 2. Is the light/


1 Kazuhiro Yamamoto Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut) Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Leibniz Universitaet Hannover.

electrical fluctuation and resistance (dissipation) They are only examples of FDT ! 18 3.Thermal noise before 1995 Basis of thermal noise of interferometric detector Thermal noise of / noise Thermoelastic noise : thermal noise by thermoelastic damping Other interpretation Temperature fluctuation Thermal expansion coefficient Deformation of elastic body 32 4.Revolutions /) Direct measurement of thermal noise 4.Revolutions after 1995 Are formulae of thermal noise correct ? Direct measurement of thermal noise of/


Essential idea: One of the earliest uses for electricity was to produce light and heat. This technology continues to have a major impact on the lives.

that we use electrical circuits, heating and lighting are two of the most widespread Sensitive devices can employ detectors capable of measuring small variations in potential difference and/or current, requiring carefully planned circuits and high precision/ stated: “Provided the temperature is kept constant, the resistance of very many materials is constant over a wide range of applied potential differences, and therefore the potential difference is proportional to the current.”  In formula form Ohm’s law/


1 General Physics II 2 General Physics II: Electricity & Magnetism I.Course Description Coulombs law, the electrostatic field, Gauss ’ s Law, the electrostatic.

of the two capacitors, 183 Parallel combination: Analogous formula is true for any number of capacitors, It /resistivity of the material. Every material has a characteristic resistivity that depends on its electronic structure, and the temperature. Good conductors have low resistivity. Insulators have high resistivity. 231 Resistivity - Units Resistance expressed in Ohms, Length in meter. Area are m 2, Resistivity/10 -19 C) enters the chamber and strikes the detector at a distance x=1.6254m. What is the mass/


Jaeger/Blalock 7/1/03 Microelectronic Circuit Design McGraw-Hill Chapter 3 Solid-State Diodes and Diode Circuits Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard.

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Essential idea: One of the earliest uses for electricity was to produce light and heat. This technology continues to have a major impact on the lives.

that we use electrical circuits, heating and lighting are two of the most widespread Sensitive devices can employ detectors capable of measuring small variations in potential difference and/or current, requiring carefully planned circuits and high precision / stated: “Provided the temperature is kept constant, the resistance of very many materials is constant over a wide range of applied potential differences, and therefore the potential difference is proportional to the current.” In formula form Ohm’s law /


Basic Air Monitoring PPT-045-01 1 Bureau of Workers Comp PA Training for Health & Safety (PATHS)

monitoring operations NIOSH Information Categories PPT-045-01 36 Name of material Formula CAS# RTECS# IDLH Conversion: PPM to Mg/M 3 Synonyms//–General survey monitors –Specific gases and hydrocarbons –Toxic gases Reads electrical resistance decreases across a Wheatstone bridge Combustible Gas Indicators PPT-045-01 47/hazard characteristics Match the correct detector to the hazard Understand the detectable ranges Will conversion factors apply to the target hazard? Will temperature or humidity affect readings?/


HPLC Divya B.. GRIET kukatpally BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY –BT Divya B.

is because as the particle size of stationary phase is around 5-10µ, so the resistance to the flow of solvent is high. B.Pumps The role of the pump is/ soluble in phosphate buffer at pH 7.4, and practically insoluble in n-hexane Molecular formula: C 16 H 15 F 2 N 3 O 4 S Molecular weight:383.37 Half/silica gel particle size). Injector Volume- 20µm Flow rate- 1.5ml/min Column Oven Temperature- Room Temperature Detector Wave Length- 260nm Run Time- 10 minutes 1.Preparation of solutions: 1.Preparation of /


HPLC Divya B.. GRIET kukatpally BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY –BT Divya B.

is because as the particle size of stationary phase is around 5-10µ, so the resistance to the flow of solvent is high. B.Pumps The role of the pump is/ soluble in phosphate buffer at pH 7.4, and practically insoluble in n-hexane Molecular formula: C 16 H 15 F 2 N 3 O 4 S Molecular weight:383.37 Half/silica gel particle size). Injector Volume- 20µm Flow rate- 1.5ml/min Column Oven Temperature- Room Temperature Detector Wave Length- 260nm Run Time- 10 minutes 1.Preparation of solutions: 1.Preparation of /


Arbin Instruments Company Overview.

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Analytical Science A course (in 15 Chapters) developed as an Open Educational Resource, designed for use at 2nd year UK & Wales undergraduate level and.

is most appropriate for PAC. These are: Selectivity Sensitivity Response time Resistance to attack by chemicals in the process stream Temperature sensitivity Pressure sensitivity Resistance to physical damage Compatibility with operating environment Reliability and reproducibility Self-diagnostic capability/the ratio of concentrations before and after the dispersion process has taken place in the detector. This can be expressed by the following formula: D = Co / Cmax Where Co is the un-dispersed sample i.e./


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14 Chemical Kinetics.

of radioisotopes, radioisotopes have hundreds of other uses: smoke alarms, dentistry, detectors, and gauges Chemistry: Principles, Patterns, and Applications, 1e 20.6 The/temperatures, boron also reacts with all metals to give metal borides that contain regular three-dimensional networks, or clusters, of boron atoms; metal borides are hard and corrosion-resistant/ The two alcohols, 1–propanol and 2–propanol, have the same molecular formula (C3H8O), but the position of the –OH group differs, which causes /


Michael Moll CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

holes are majority carriers Si P e.g. Phosphorus Resistivity carrier concentrations n, p carrier mobility mn, mp p-n junction There must be / w = depletion depth d = detector thickness V = voltage C = capacitance Neff = effective doping concentration some important formula Poisson’s equation with depletion voltage /of impurity concentration in Si  can be used for fluence measurement Strong temperature dependence Consequence: Cool detectors during operation! Example: I(-10°C) ~1/16 I(20°C/


Electron Positron Circular Collider Planning/Progress in China J. Gao IHEP LCWS2014 Belgrade, Oct. 6-10, 2014.

is supplementary to ILC in terms of its energy range down to W and Z boson and to the number of detectors from both machines International collaboration and participation are necessary Ways to the future - Larger accelerators : 1 ) Linear colliders / the large number of HOM power: 1 cavity/module. HOM damper at room temperature (6.5 kW/cavity); 55 Impedance budget Resistive wall impedance is calculated with analytical formulas Impedance of the RF cavities is calculated with ABCI ObjectContributions R [k  ]/


10 September 2003Mark Oreglia/ICAR review1 The University of Chicago/ Argonne National Lab ICAR Activities Who we are Muon accelerator issues: – Muon cooling.

J. Kim and C.-x. Wang, PRL 85(4) 760 (2000) Formulas for Transverse Ionization Cooling in Solenoidal Channels 10 September 2003Mark Oreglia/ICAR review8 Part/ 10 September 2003Mark Oreglia/ICAR review9 10 September 2003Mark Oreglia/ICAR review10 IR detector FEL Bud’s lunch 10 September 2003Mark Oreglia/ICAR review11 Part C: A/size, time constant). Polarity: carbon’s electrical resistivity increases with temperature while nickel’s decreases. Signal or background? Look for thermal dependence (i.e./


Input-Analog Sensors : Variable Resistors

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Infrared Spectroscopy

strips of metal (Pt, Ni) or semiconductor that has a large change in resistance to current with temperature. - as light is absorbed by blackened surface, resistance increases and current decreases - very sensitive i A hn b) Photoconducting Detectors - thin film of semiconductor (ex. PbS) on a nonconducting glass surface and / Example 9: The spectrum is for a substance with an empirical formula of C3H5N. What is the compound? Nitrile or alkyne group No aromatics Aliphatic hydrogens One or more alkane groups


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Modern Physics NOTES Relativity in Classical Physics Galileo and Newton dealt with the issue of relativity The issue deals with observing nature in different.

you find it on your calculator? Lifetime (II) Note by slight rearrangement of this formula: Fraction of particles which did not decay: N / N 0 = e -t//no ionization occurs, there is no current as the gas has negligible resistance. The voltage across the cell is relatively high and attracts the / can seriously interfere with the detector. Because of this, some semiconducting radiation sensors can only be used at cryogenic temperatures. Semiconductor radiation detectors When an energetic particle penetrates /


KE-100.3410 Polymer Properties Steve Spoljaric, PhD.

(isotactic, syndiotactic or atactic) Geometric isomerism Geometric isomers have the same structural formulas but differ in the arrangement of groups at a single atom, at double / Vapor-pressure osmometry cont. The difference in temperatures is recorded in terms of difference in resistance  R, which is calibrated by use /linear polarized laser) All solvents compatible (aqueous and organic) incident beam photodiode detectors Gel permeation chromatography (GPC ) aka: Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) Gel/


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