Ppt on regional trade agreements list

FTA Practice Chih-Peng Huang Director General Bureau of Foreign Trade, MOEA 10 May 2007.

& Couterv. M Safeguards Schedule of Tariff Concessions A General Agreement on Trade in Services List of specific commitments A List of MFN Exemptions A TRIPS Agreement Trade Policy Review Mechanism Dispute Settlement Understanding Decisions, Declarations, etc 3/and improve disciplines and procedures under the existing WTO provisions applying to regional trade agreements. The negotiations shall take into account the developmental aspects of regional trade agreements. 3. RTAs/FTAs in the Context of the WTO (3//

1 Services PTAs: lessons from practice Pierre Sauvé World Trade Institute University of Bern Workshop on PTAs and the WTO: A New Era.

both approaches A recent trend has seen a number of PTAs adopt and combine features from both the GATS and negative list approaches (e.g. Japan- Philippines; EU-CARIFORUM). Key innovations under such PTAs: – Maintaining the bottom-up, voluntary/regulators, business groupings and civil society organizations, the regional public good benefits of which may be reaped outside of trade agreements but in a manner that nonetheless facilitates and promotes trade and investment, helps to promote better/fairer policy /

5 5.

& adverse conditions. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with India clearly demonstrates the goodwill & commitment between the two nations. The agreement creates investment opportunities for /direct access to the southern expressway between capital Colombo and the other regions. Commonwealth Summit 2013 is proposed to be hosted at HICC. / cost: USD 180 mn Research & Development Unit Infrastructure (Cont…) Sri Lanka to List Stake in Broadcast Tower Northern Road Connectivity Project Investment: USD 173 mn (ADB /

by Riza Bernabe for the Trade Advocacy Group

ASEAN products were already phased into the AFTA-CEPT Inclusion List) ASEAN was working on the elimination of non-tariff barriers ASEAN was developing guidelines on Rules of Origin Objectives of ATIGA ASEAN felt there was a need to develop a comprehensive trade in goods agreement (TIG) that would: accelerate economic integration in the region bring AFTA into a rules based system Harmonize CEPT/

Foreign Trade Policy and Special Economic Zone

of EO is to be submitted by 30th April every year. Regional authority will issue partial EO Fulfillment Certificate to the extent of EO/services which,- (i) are covered under the General Agreement on Trade in Services annexed as IB to the Agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation concluded at Marrakesh on the 15th day of / an Application for import/procurement from DTA, to the DC, along with List of goods and services, including machinery, equipments and construction materials required for /

Introduction to the World Trade Organization. What Is the WTO? One Opinion:

, and does not exclude de facto discrimination. MFN Treatment – Exceptions under GATS GATS Art. II:2 (Specific List of MFN Exemptions) GATS Art. II:3 (Advantages to Adjacent Countries) GATS Art. V (Economic Integration) GATS/review Enquiry points under GATS, SPS and TBT Agreements Other principles Regional Trade Agreements GATT Art. XXIV: Free-Trade Areas and Customs Unions “substantially all trade” among Members; “not on the whole more trade-restrictive” measures against third countries; limited transition /

Regional Economic Cooperation in South Asia Kathmandu, 14-16 August 2006 Special Treatment for LDCs in SAFTA With a special examination of what they will.

Bilateral, Regional and Bilateral Arrangements already in place. Trade Arrangements in South Asia GSTP GSTP GSTP (LDC) GSTP (LDC) SAPTA SAPTA SAPTA (LDC) SAPTA (LDC) Bangkok Agreement Bangkok Agreement Pakistan- Lanka FTA Pakistan- Lanka FTA Indo-Lanka, Indo-Bhutan, Indo-Nepal Indo-Lanka, Indo-Bhutan, Indo-Nepal Measuring Actual Access Created by SAFTA To Assess actual access generated by SAFTA i. Negative lists of all/


GATS for parties of a regional trade agreement in services, meaning that the preferential treatment they apply among members of the regional agreement does not have to be extended to other GATS members. Regional agreements liberalising services must comply /, market access, right to free transit and temporal presence, automatic recognition of qualifications and licenses. Negative lists, with the possibility of registering reservations and total liberalisation are set as objectives for the year 2005 through/

Tecnova’s Presentation for Italian Trade Agency

Confederation SAARC – South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation UN – United Nations (and those that come under UN) WFTU – World Federation of Trade Unions WTO – World Trade Organisation For complete list, refer to the attached excel India has been a founding member of a number of international organizations, and hence exerts significant influence on policy making India currently has Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with… South Asian Countries/

The World Trade Organization: Evolution, Structure and Agreements

TRIPS extend ten-year transition period for ldc WTO: Evolution, Structure and Agreements WTO Institutional Structure Committees and working parties (IV:6, 7 WTO) Committee on Trade and Development Committee on Regional Trade Agreements Working parties (temporary subsidiary bodies) New institutions Trade Negotiations Committee (TNC) Established by Doha Development Round WTO: Evolution, Structure and Agreements WTO Institutional Structure Quasi-judicial bodies (DSU) Dispute settlement bodies: ad hoc/

Tran Ba Cuong Multilateral Trade Policy Dept Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam FTA IMPLEMENTATION AND UTILIZATION IN VIETNAM.

and Overlapping Free Trade Agreements and the Noodle Bowl - the multiple and divergent ROOs that give rise to the noodle bowl effect. Divergent ROOs across FTAs lead to fragmented rather than integrated regional markets, added / Total number of tariff lines10689 IL10455 0 - 5%84961025610285102961005410059100721006910097 0%32775447547855115488 5491 GE234 General Exceptions List, Temporary Exclusion List under ATIGA (*)Note: - Petroleum products have been taken out of GEL and put into IL/

Minister of Economic Affairs Chii-Ming Yiin April 7, 2009 Possible Content for Advancing the Cross-Strait Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement The.

.By advancing along a dual track of liberalizing items on one hand and keeping a reservation list on the other, flexibility in policy adjustment is maintained. 6.Establishment of risk management mechanisms: Strengthen /into bilateral FTAs with other countries and participate in regional economic and trade cooperation. 3. Vision for Cross-Strait Economic and Trade Cooperation Appendix 28 29 Note: Bangkok Agreement was changed into Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) in 2005, including Bangladesh, India, South/

WTO, Bilaterals and Mediterranean product policy Pierluigi Londero – Dangiris Nekrasius Agricultural Trade Policy Analysis DG for Agriculture and Rural.

 Introduction  WTO negotiations: market access and Mediterranean products  Free Trade Areas, Regional Trade Agreements: where are we?  An example: the EU-South Africa Trade Agreement  Conclusions Pierluigi Londero – Dangiris Nekrasius CAL/MED Consortium Workshop II7 December/Africa Trade Agreement Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement (TDCA)  Trade “liberalisation” starting in 2000  Annex IV of the TDCA sets the pace for access to EU market and classifies between 8 lists: –List 1 to 4: trade /

International Relations in the Baltic Sea Region Leonid Karabeshkin, PhD Spring Semester 2011/2012.

Trade Area between Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, including a customs union by 1998, and free trade between these countries and Poland in the framework of CEFTA (Central European Free Trade Agreement), which will further complement the Europe Agreements/the EU (1999).  Included the list of challenges and operational actions in the following areas: - Infrastructure (Energy – “ - Infrastructure (Energy – “Access to the west European market for gas from the region is important for European security of supply”;/

1 EAE: Regional Integration towards “One Asia” * Some parts of this note are summary of the references for teaching purpose only. 1 East Asian Economy.

division of labor (production- sharing network) Emergence of Institution-driven Regional Economic Integration Rapid expansion of free trade agreements (FTAs) in East Asia in the 21 st century FTA (free trade agreement): free trade (elimination, reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers among FTA/ it may send a negative message to prospective member, who may fear that joining TPP is the same as being listed as joining in the anti-China camp. - The TPP and RCEP are now on the process of creating Asia-Pacific/

Business Implications of India’s Trade Agreements Tamanna Chaturvedi Consultant Indian Institute of Foreign Trade.

3. FAIR COMPETITION 4. TRANSPARENCY 5. ENCOURAGE DEVELOPMENT Then why entering into trade agreements? MFN rangeNTM%NTM Description Switzerland0-0 50%Labelling requirement Japan0-108% Product / of Preferential Trade Arrangements Stages of an Regional Trading Arrangement Monetary Union Economic Union Common Market Custom Unions Free Trade Areas Preferential Trading Arrangement CET Free/Strength of an RTA: RO index Negative List Sensitive List Concessional list Duty Free list Rules of Origin Time periods of the /

The Institutional Framework & Basic Principles of the WTO Edwini Kessie Counsellor, Council and Trade Negotiations Committee Division,

, and does not exclude de facto discrimination. MFN Treatment – Exceptions under GATS GATS Art. II:2 (Specific List of MFN Exemptions) GATS Art. II:3 (Advantages to Adjacent Countries) GATS Art. V (Economic Integration) GATS/review Enquiry points under GATS, SPS and TBT Agreements Other principles Regional Trade Agreements GATT Art. XXIV: Free-Trade Areas and Customs Unions “substantially all trade” among Members; “not on the whole more trade-restrictive” measures against third countries; limited transition /

1 SAFTA India-Pakistan-Afghanistan Trade Harsh Vivek February 1, 2006 – Taj Mahal Palace and Towers, Mumbai India Development Foundation.

forward 3 Why regional trade? More integrated markets Benefits of trade multipliers in the region Intra-bloc trade – ‘cluster approach to development’ –Exploit trade complementarities of neighbouring countries Cooperate to compete (India-China energy example) Price competitiveness of intra-bloc trade More benefits (relatively) to small countries in intra- bloc trade –E.g. Sri Lanka gaining relatively more from India-Sri Lanka trade 4 SAFTA SAFTA Agreement – “Strengthen intra-SAARC/

INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS: TRADE, LABOR, AND THE ENVIRONMENT 1 International Trade Agreements 2 International Agreements on Labor Issues 3 International.

American content” to qualify for duty-free access. © 2008 Worth Publishers ▪ International Economics ▪ Feenstra/Taylor 26 of 124 International Trade Agreements Regional Trade Agreements  Rules of Origin  Specifies, for each and every product, how much of its production has been done in North /developing countries of India and China with a unique twist. First, why were India and China left off the list?  They were able to argue successfully that they were not responsible for most of the past emissions, so /

Market Access Issues for Agricultural Trade Lecture 2.

’ etc. in SPS Agreement. Aflatoxin debate in EU – effect on African nut export. Seafood ban in India. TBT Measures Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) measures on / National Certification and Accreditation Administration (CNCA) has so far only offered pre-listing for aquaculture. Barrier id050022 Barrier StatusOngoing Tanzania’s Export Direction: Meat Products /despite the fact that meat products may come from disease free regions and that the processing involved should render any risk negligible. Barrier/

South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA): Issues and Implications Cost of Economic Non Cooperation to Consumers in South Asia COENCOSA Project Review Meeting.

Slow progress of SAPTA as it did not increase the volume of intra-regional trade and investment flows SAFTA more ambitious than SAPTA, the agreement entered into 2006, with the provisions of its Trade Liberalization Program scheduled to be fully implemented by 2016 SAFTA has six core elements: Trade liberalization programme; Sensitive lists; Rules of origin; Non-tariff & para-tariff barriers; Revenue compensation mechanism and Technical/

Effects of South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) on Intra-Regional Trade and Investment By Ayubur Rahman Bhuyan Organized By Islamic Economics Research Bureau.

have expressed keen interest in investing in Bangladesh. Implications of SAFTA for Bangladesh Contd/1 Bangladesh’s sensitive list covers about 24% of its tariff lines, which account for 51% of its dutiable imports and 80%/instrument to implement regional projects that would yield concrete benefits to member states. SAFTA should include trade in services, including the movement of labour within the region. Concluding Observations Contd/2 A draft SAFTA Framework Services Trade Agreement has very recently /

Uttam Deb Principal Scientist (Economics), ICRISAT and Additional Director (on leave), Centre for Policy Dialogue Trade in Goods: Progress and Impediments.

the scope for intra-regional trade in South Asia (Rahman and Shadat, 2006). 14 Limited product coverage and the extensive nature of negative lists III. Impediments in Intra-SAARC Trade 15 SAARC countries have in place several ad hoc restrictions and NTBs on imports. The general consensus has been that whilst SAFTA had failed to address NTB issues, the SAFTA Agreement also is yet to/

1 Mutual Recognition Agreement/Arrangement: General Introduction, Framework and Benefits Presented by Andrew Kwan ITU Consultant Conformity and Interoperability.

Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC)  ILAC recognizes the following Regional Cooperation Bodies which have their own MRAs:  The European/List of Name and Address of Each CAB or MRAs by AB Recognized by Each Participating Economy 33 Tunis-Tunisia, 20-24 April 2015 Framework MRA for Conformity Assessment of Telecommunications Equipment Contents (by paragraph) Preamble Trade facilitation measure in support of the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) obligations. The agreement/

Consultative Workshop on the Tripartite Free Trade Area Seychelles 28 th March 2011.

the COMESA FTA with the signing of SI 50: Trades Tax (COMESA) Regulations which came into force on 11 th May 2009. This SI has a number of listed sensitive products where duty provisions are not extended because of/ the effectiveness of the preferential or free trade agreement they apply to – they do not promote either industrialisation or foreign direct investment. The Summit directed that the TFTA should build on the existing regional trade liberalisation schemes and be implemented expeditiously. This/


Annexes 4-6: goods, services, cons services Goods (Annex 4): in principle covered: negative list; defence list Services (Annex 5): Mostly positive list; negative list: US. Armenia: full coverage Construction services (Annex 6): full coverage of CPC 51 + BOTs/SDR) 22 Flexibilities 23 Transition period Offset Price preference Initially higher thresholds Phasing-in entities The GPA and Regional Trade Agreements This part of the presentation… … is based on an empirical study conducted by the WTO Secretariat on /

Presentation on Economic Cooperation under SAARC Economic, Trade and Finance Division SAARC Secretariat, Kathmandu, Nepal.

only 25 tariff lines in its sensitive lists for LDCs. These include tobacco and whisky. Sensitive Lists of Bhutan and Maldives contain only about 150 tariff lines. The third phase of reduction in the Sensitive Lists is currently underway. SAFTA Rules of Origin/ Customs Declaration for trade in goods in the SAARC region; and Capacity Building. The Ninth Meeting of the Sub-Group on Customs Cooperation was held in Colombo in June 2013 to discuss above issues. A SAARC Agreement on Mutual Administrative /

Breaking Down Barriers Lesson 17 Slide 17A. What Does That Mean? TermDefinition General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GATT; 1947 multilateral agreement.

; a proposed RTA that includes 12 nations throughout the Asia-Pacific region. trade bloca combination of countries in an RTA. Lesson 16 Objectives  Trace the evolution of free trade from GATT to the World Trade Organization.  Describe the benefits of global free trade.  List four common barriers to global free trade.  Summarize seven major active and proposed regional trade agreements.  List the goals and principles of the WTO. Slide 17F Goodbye/

Trade Policy Dialogue on the Multiple Dimensions of Market Access and Development Regional Trade Liberalization as a Complement to Multilateral Liberalization?

. RTAs have systemic consequences that adversely affect excluded countries, requiring international attention. RTAs have systemic consequences that adversely affect excluded countries, requiring international attention. Trade, Regionalism and Development: Key Messages Regional Trade Agreements are proliferating… …and now potentially cover more than one-third of global trade New agreements annually Annual number Total in force Cumulative in force South-South RTAs predominate in number, but not in/

1 of 26 Lecture 8 SERVICES AND LABOR Topics covered: The General Agreement on Trade in Services Regional Intergovernmental Regulations on Trade in in.

.Nationals of other member states may be excluded from public service contracts. 10 of 26 B. REGIONAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL REGULATIONS ON TRADE IN SERVICES 2.North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Trade in Services Provisions. a.Most NAFTA trade in services provisions are analogous to those in the GATS. 1)Exception: Parties list service sectors they are closing to foreign competition. 11 of 26 C. THE INTERNATIONAL LABOR/

TRAINING ON TRADE AND INVESTMENT NEGOTIATIONS Ministry of Economic Affairs – Taipei – 15-16 March 2014 Anna Joubin-Bret Joubin-Bret -Avocats - Paris.

stage: establishment, acquisition and expansion (FTA Peru-EE.UU.)  Lists of exceptions: all countries have closed sectors or non conforming measures.  Mostly negative lists. Very few exceptions (TAFTA)  The right of establishment is granted/ and future measures Government procurement Subsidies Post-establishment Regional Economic Integration Organizations (“REIO”): e.g. free trade areas, customs or monetary unions, labor markets Taxation: International agreements and/or domestic law 56 Article 10.9 /

Regional Trade Agreements in South Asia: Trade and Conflict October 16 th, 2006 Sustainable Development Policy Institute.

Regional Trade Agreements in South Asia: Trade and Conflict October 16 th, 2006 Sustainable Development Policy Institute Study parameters and questions Three questions: Do RTAs promote trade? Do RTAs mitigate or promote conflict? If neither, then how is conflict addressed? Literature and Research Answers: There is a need to look at conflict mitigation as part of a larger regional integration process which includes both economic and non/

1 Inter-American Development Bank Integration and Regional Programs Department Managing Asymmetries in Trade Agreements in the Western Hemisphere Jaime.

Integration and Regional Programs Department Managing Asymmetries in Trade Agreements in the Western Hemisphere Jaime Granados, Consultant Regional Policy Dialogue, Trade and Integration Subregional Meeting for Caribbean Trade Viceministers December 15 2004, Montego Bay, Jamaica 2 The problem… Trend: developing countries (DC) participating in the global economy through trade agreements Trend: developing countries (DC) participating in the global economy through trade agreements Gains: trade and investment/

The liberalization of trade in services in Regional Trade Agreements ( Egypt – EU) Dr.Mona Toema El-Garf Professor- Cairo University 2012.

trade in services in Regional Trade Agreements ( Egypt – EU) Dr.Mona Toema El-Garf Professor- Cairo University 2012 2 Contents  Defining Liberalization of Trade in Services  Importance of the Services Sector on the Global level and in Egypt  The General Agreement of Trade in Services (GATS)  The effects of the Global Service Openness  The importance of liberalizing trade/Other services not included elsewhere 10 GATS Schedules: ‘ positive list ’ approach Sector or Sub- Sector Limitations on market access/

1 Relative Importance of North-South and South-South Trade Bipul Chatterjee Deputy Executive Director, CUTS International (www.cuts-international.org)www.cuts-international.org.

themselves (through bilateral preferential trade agreements (PTAs) and regional integration) Political and macroeconomic structure of many developing countries do not permit deep integration free trade agreements (FTAs) and/or comprehensive economic cooperation agreements (CECAs) – strong political/ FTAs show inadequate preparation on issues like rules of origin, negative list of products Protection through the so-called negative list needs to be reduced – significant scope for rent-seeking Vulnerability of/

Transparency Procedures in the TBT Agreement

trade flows as smoothly, predictably and freely as possible” Key WTO Principle Transparency aids compliance Information assists industry Transparency in the TBT Agreement/list of notifications (prepared by the Secretariat): G/TBT/GEN/# List of Enquiry Points (prepared by the Secretariat) G/TBT/ENQ/# Other TBT Transparency Procedures Transparency in the TBT Agreement/2, 10.3 Membership and participation in international and regional standardizing bodies and conformity assessment systems / bilateral and /

Economic Determinants of Regional Integration Caroline Freund World Bank Geneva November 4, 2010.

integration –Expansion Conclusions Preferential trade agreements are distortionary –Governments choose well when forming agreements –Adjust trade policies to minimize costs Regionalism may endanger multilateralism –Really, we dont know, no counterfactual –Future studies can probe this question –A different discrimination may be the problem Products as opposed to country of origin Future Issues Better Data-- RTA database –Coverage –Preferential tariffs –Rules of OriginShame list –Implementation Benefits from/

World Trade Organization (WTO)

, working groups and working parties deal with the individual agreements and other areas such as the environment, development, membership applications and regional trade agreements. The WTO Secretariat in Geneva does not have the /listed rates Trade distortion by only tariffs – no export subsidy, no domestic support, no quota Separate agriculture agreement and textile agreements But special and differential treatments for LDCs Agriculture Agreement: fairer markets for farmers market access — various trade/

Sted og dato (Indsæt --> Diasnummer) Dias 1 Navn på enhed (Indsæt --> Diasnummer) EU Commercial Law 2011 III.C. Trade in Rights: Tech.-trans agreements.

with the common market: all agreements between undertakings, decisions by associations of undertakings and concerted practices which may affect trade between Member States and which have/the appellants and the BBC, which obtained injunctions prohibiting publication of weekly television listings. Sted og dato (Indsæt --> Diasnummer) Dias 22 Navn på / Intranet Information AG (‘PII’), whose activity also consisted in marketing regional data on pharmaceutical products in Germany formatted on the basis of brick/

Chapter 4 Global Analysis

trade imports exports balance of trade free trade tariff quota embargo protectionism World Trade Organization (WTO) North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) European Union (EU) Objectives Explain the interdependence of nations Explain the nature of international trade Discuss the balance of trade List three types of trade barriers List three significant trade agreements and alliances that foster worldwide free trade/suit the characteristics of a targeted country or region. Adaptation X is a company’s use /

FREE TRADE AGREEMENT SERBIA –TURKEY Ministry of Economy and Regional Development Government of the Republic of Serbia FREE TRADE AGREEMENT SERBIA –TURKEY.

Pan European Rules of Origin – exceptions apply to lists A, B, C Liberalization of industrial products Non sensitive List List A Sensitive List B Highly sensitive List C Most sensitive %MFN Dynamics 20100708085 2011406070 201204055 /Trade Agreements Initiative to start negotiations with EUCEFTAEFTARussiaBelarusTurkey Future economic cooperation   FTA Investments Textıles & Clothıng ındustry Automotıve and Auto-parts ındustry Infrastructure Energetic Agriculture Tourısm Ministry of Economy and Regional /

Bonus Assignment (3%) Gravity model analysis of trade integration in ASEAN+3 during 2001-2012  Association of Southeast Asian Nations  1967: Indonesia,

economic success experienced by China.  ‘Three-step development strategy’: Regional development initiatives, controlling growth in the East of the country and/trade agreements under negotiation, China risks of being the secondary entrance to the World.  In response, China launches its first- ever Free Trade Zone, officially named China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade/  No restrictions on foreign investment excepted 100 items listed in a Negative List [1]Negative List  [1] http://en.shftz.gov.cn/Negative%/

1 What Lessons from the EU Model for a Taiwan – China Free Trade Agreement Der-Chin Horng Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica.

union (EMU). The EU has developed from a sectoral common market to the European economic and monetary union (EMU). 7 Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) In terms of their scope and depth, there are five types of RTAs: In terms of their scope and depth,/’ s institutions are the political bodies created by the Treaties to build a supranational organization. Article 7 of the EC Treaty lists five EU institutions: The second feature is that the EU has its own institutions. The EU ’ s institutions are the political/

The Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin A remedy for the spaghetti bowl effect WCO KNOWLEDGE ACADEMY FOR CUSTOMS.

of territoriality with tolerance Direct transport rule Strict Drawback of customs duties Allowed or prohibited A general balance List rules Rules of Origin Tolerance Cumulation II. a. – General presentation Appendix I of the regional Convention A Regional Convention conceived for cumulation. Network of bilateral free trade agreements between the EU, EFTA States, Faroe Islands, Turkey and Mediterranean countries participating in the Barcelona process (42 parties/

TM Developing harmonized food safety regulations and standards based on science to promote regional and international trade Wilna Jansen van Rijssen PhD,

trade. TM REGIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE SPS AGREEMENT This Agreement applies to all sanitary and phytosanitary measures which may, directly or indirectly, affect international trade. Such measures shall be developed and applied in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement./ No zero risk TM South Africa - additives List of permissible sweeteners referred to in Regulation 4 of the regulations relating to the use of sweeteners in foodstuffs List of permissible sweeteners referred to in Regulation 4 /

Chapter 3 The Global Trade Environment: Regional Market Characteristics and Preferential Trade Agreements.

Trade Agreements Many countries seek to lower barriers to trade within their regions Free Trade Areas Customs Unions Common Market Economic Unions A preferential trade agreement is a mechanism that confers special treatment on select trading partners. By favoring certain countries, such agreements/ will and they have to formulate common economic policies. This is the fourth stage of economic integration. List of Common Markets the European Community (EC) European Economic Area (EEA) between the EC, Norway, /

Foreign Trade Policy February 2013 NCA.

–Procurements allowed Service : It includes all the tradable services covered under General Agreement on Trade in Services and earning free foreign exchange (Refer Appendix 10 ‘List of services’ of FTP) Imports allowed under the EPCG scheme Capital goods / scheme–Procurements allowed Domestic procurements also allowed EPCG license holder required to file a request with the Regional Authority for invalidation of direct imports and allowing domestic procurements Domestic supplier entitled to ‘deemed exports’ /

Trade Agreements as a Tool to Access Markets Saman Kelegama, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Economic Summit, Ceylon Chamber of Commerce,

penetrate export markets Trade agreements are an important component of the incentive framework to promote exports Trade agreements in Asia Bilateral & regional trade agreements (TAs) have been proliferating in Asia in the past decade Over 100 agreements in effect and/ for SL cont.  India – covered under APTA but not ISFTA  Bangladesh – covered under APTA, but in the sensitive list of SAFTA APTA MoP India Natural rubber (20- 43%) Bangladesh Pepper, not crushed or ground (10%) Coconut oil (20%) Tobacco/

1 EAN Thailand, Food Seminar Bangkok, 28 August 2001 Tom Heilandt Agricultural Standards Unit, UNECE Trade Division Market Access, Trade Agreements and.

and free trade areas One-way preferential arrangements 14 Customs unions and free trade areas European Union East European Free Trade Arrangements Australia/New Zealand Closer Regional Trade Arrangement North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) ASEAN Free Trade Area Mercado Commun/protectionism: –Transparent, non-discriminatory –proportional –Subject to review 41 Labeling Name under which product is sold List of ingredients in descending order of weight –ingredient of less than 25% does not need to be /

« The voice of the European Service Industries for International Trade Negotiations in Services » Séminaire sur les commerce des services Organisé par.

regulation (economic needs tests, etc.) « The voice of the European Service Industries for International Trade Negotiations in Services » List of criteria that a CEO looks at when taking a decision to invest in a developing countries/(special zones, tax incentives, etc.) Country Risk: political stability, WTO/Bilateral-Regional Trade agreement sector specific binding commitments, i.e.  The WTO GATS/RTA trade policy negotiated commitments are only additional criterion for companies to tick. But they can/

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