Ppt on product specification form

Product Design. Graduates  The graduate with a Science degree asks, "Why does it work?"  The graduate with an Engineering degree asks, "How does it.

product. He actually sets the specifications which will determine these characteristics of the product. No variation from these specifications can be made without approval of the product engineer. The product must be made to the part print unless authorization for alteration is obtained. Characteristics of the product Product Engineering  The product/ shaping. Material forming is often referred to as a chipless manufacturing process. Manufacturing Processes - Assembly  Many final products are too complex/


Form 471 to Funding Commitment

kind of system over another (e.g. Brand X compatible) Bidder disqualification criteria must be spelled out in FCC Form 470 and/or RFP and be available to all Cannot list specific make and model of services sought without also allowing equivalent products and/or services to be bid “XYZ manufacturers router model 345J or equivalent” E-rate Modernization 2015 Program Compliance Bid/


Air-to-Water Heatpump Product Training

ranges also allow connect to a solar kit to increase efficiency and minimise the impact of ecosystem. Product Specification Product Specification Indoor Unit Specification (SDC) Specification items 7kW 9kW 12kW 14kW 16kW Noise level dB (A) C/H : 30 Power Level dB/ Replace the expansion valve and/or strainer Reclaim and recharge refrigerant Is the expansion valve or strainer clogged (ice formed)? Yes Yes Is there any short circuit? Provide sufficient air passage. No Check refrigerant amount. No Check the/


PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

not necessarily best quality. It is determined by the cost of the product and the technical characteristics as suited to the specific requirements. 2. RIGHT QUANTITY The manufacturing organization should produce the products in right number. If they are produced in excess of demand the capital will block up in the form of inventory and if the quantity is produced in short of demand/


Proprietary Product Certification Process Karen Byram Product Evaluation Administrator, FDOT.

will be optional. Objectives: u Proprietary Products 1.Federal Requirements 2.State Process 3.When the Process is Used 4.Documentation Requirements 23 CFR 635.411 Definition Patented or Proprietary Product: u A product, specification, or process identified in the plans /City’s Maintenance Department has now submitted a list of proprietary equipment for the system and a Certification form with Synchronization marked as the reason for requesting these parts. What should the City Maintenance Department include /


BVS 611 Slide Deck II. Which of the following insulin products is a short-acting insulin? a.) insulin aspart b.) insulin glargine c.) insulin detemir.

the physician supervising the pregnancy of expectant women. 3. Trade names listed below reflect ORAL dosage forms/products, not ophthalmic products. The symbol ۩ indicates a medication where the knowledge of generic name, dose, and comments /with nifedipine. Aldosterone receptor antagonists Spironolactone (Aldactone ® ), Eplerenone (Inspra ® ) Blocks aldosterone binding to specific renal receptors Hypertension CHF, CHF after after MI, edema Can cause hyperkalemia and nephrotoxicity. General Antihypertensive /


Ch6.1 The Nature of Energy Energy – the capacity to do work or to produce heat. Law of Conservation of Energy – energy can be converted from one form to.

23.40˚C. Calculate the heat that accompanies this reaction in kJ/mol of AgCl formed. Assume that the combined solution has a mass of 100.0 g and has a specific heat capacity of 4.18 J/˚C·g. ΔT = 0.8 ˚C Ag/3(0) + 3mol(-295kJ/mol) 1mol(-1676)+1mol(-704)+1mol(90)+6(-242) (-885kJ) (-1676kJ) + (-704kJ) + (+90) + (-1452) (-885kJ) (-3742kJ) ΔHoreaction = (products) – (reactants) ΔHoreaction = (-3742kJ)– (-885kJ) = -2857kJ exothermic 4N2H3CH3(l) + 5N2O4(l) → 12H2O(g) + 9N2(g) + 4CO2(g) 66. The space shuttle orbiter/


Product Specification LM240WU4 Liquid Crystal Display Ver. 0.0JAN. 05. 2011 1 / 33 SPECIFICATION FOR APPROVAL ( ● ) Preliminary Specification ( ) Final.

5 MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS 24 6 RELIABLITY 27 7INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS 28 7-1SAFETY 28 7-2EMC 28 7-3ENVIRONMENT 28 8PACKING 29 8-1DESIGNATION OF LOT MARK 29 8-2PACKING FORM 30 8-3PALLET FORM 31 9PRECAUTIONS 32 Product Specification LM240WU4 Liquid Crystal Display Ver. 0.0JAN. 05. 2011 3 / 33 RECORD OF REVISIONS Revision No Revision DatePageDescription 0.0JAN. 5. 2011-First Draft(Preliminary/


Bioseparation of final product General procedure for production of biopharmaceuticals using recombinant prokaryotic or eukaryotic system - A single vial.

a biological system - Applying a known quantity of the product to be assayed to a biological system : whole animals, specific organs, tissue types, cells - Comparative, and requires parallel assay of a “standard preparation” or ”control” ex) Bioassay of EPO : mouse-based bioassay - EPO stimulates red blood cell (RBC) production, and used for treatment of certain forms of anaemia - EPO-containing sample is administered to/


Implications for Instruction

Coordinator Nancy Thomas Price, Formative/Interim Assessment Coordinator Learning Targets specifics of the SBAC balanced assessment system. I understand…. specifics of the SBAC balanced assessment system. how the Smarter Balanced Content Specifications reflect standards, assessment, and/“Students can solve a range of complex well-posed problems in pure and applied mathematics, making productive use of knowledge and problem solving strategies.” Claim #3 Communicating Reasoning “Students can clearly and /


Stability testing of Finished Pharmaceutical Products

from light" on labelling, when the CCS shown to be light protective. FPP Stability Stress testing Additional stress testing of specific dosage forms Freeze/thaw study for liquid products important if the drug product is at risk for experiencing temperatures <0°C Cyclic studies for semi-solid products Stress testing under other conditions (T, RH, pH, etc) may be conducted as part of method validation/


TEC Consult GmbH and Affiliated Companies Trade Consulting Production Your Partner in Form and Profile.

of devices made of aluminium or steel, like: Automotive:Castproducts Building Industry:Al-profiles and –rolled products in machined Form Solar Industry: Mounting components made of aluminium and stainless steel Environment:welded components made of stainless steel/ manufactures parts, commissions and packs products due to customer-specific standards – Through our own machinery park we are able to produce small and middle-sized lots – One of our specialities is the production of complex welded parts – Our/


Evaluation of quality and interchangeability of medicinal products Training workshop for evaluators from National Medicines Regulatory Authorities in East.

API (forced degradation) helps  to identify the likely degradation products and pathways  to establish stability of the molecule  To verify specificity of stability assay method  Diode array detection for API peak /– pH dependent Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients 60 | Stress testing (forced degradation) Efavirenz (1)  Non-hygroscopic  4 Polymorphs Form 1 pharmaceutical (EPAR Sustiva®)  Hydrolysis main degradation –pH dependent –Maximum stability at pH 4 –2 Degradants isolated structures elucidated/


1 AWARENESS TRAINING PROGRAMME Technical Standard and Protocol for Companies Supplying Retailer Branded Food Products AWARENESS TRAINING PROGRAMME Technical.

to the scope 33 THE STANDARD REQUIREMENTS 2.11.2 Specifications 2.11.2 Specifications Product specification Product specification Product name Product name Customer supplied specifications Customer supplied specifications Unique reference / issue number Unique reference / issue / procedures Form a part of the internal audit programme Form a part of the internal audit programme 72 THE STANDARD REQUIREMENTS 4.7 Product Release 4.7 Product Release Final product inspections / tests Final product inspections /


4 Proteins as Products.

sample is loaded onto PAGE where it forms a single band at a specific location on the gel depending on its molecular size and mass © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 62 4.3 Protein production Verification important to verify that target protein /steps involved in protein purification and how each one works. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 64 4.3 Protein production Verification Specific method for proteins separated by SDS/PAGE= Western blotting Procedure: Proteins are transferred from the SDS/PAGE to a /


Specifications of IT systems 1 Specifications of IT systems Peter Gorm Larsen, Jens Bennedsen and Stefan Hallerstede and

theory is turned into practice Guest lectures Exam form 15 minutes oral examination without preparation + 5 minutes for evaluation the XXX 2012 curriculum is all that we read Education Form Specifications of IT systems 11SoITS Learning Objectives The participants/Since the prototype has properties P, And the prototype is similar to the final product The final product probably has properties P Specifications of IT systems 31SoITS Example Engineering Arguments Model execution Since the model execution has /


Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Beni Asllani University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Products and Services Operations Management - 5 th Edition Chapter.

2006 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.5-5 Design Process (cont.) Pilot run and final tests New product or service launch Final design & process plans Idea generation Feasibility study Product or service concept Performance specifications Functional design Form design Production design Revising and testing prototypes Design specifications Manufacturing or delivery specifications Suppliers R&D Customers MarketingCompetitors Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.5-6 Idea Generation Sources   Company/


1. Genes and RNA The initial products of all genes is a sequence of ribonucleic acid (RNA). RNA is produced by a process that copies the nucleotide sequence.

subunits; and SAGA, 13 subunits. 22. mRNA maturation In eukaryotes, the initial product of transcription, the primary RNA transcript, is processed in several ways before its transport to the cytosol. These processing steps are all performed by specific proteins that bind to the RNA. Until it reaches its final, mature form, the primary transcript is sometimes called pre-mRNA. First, during transcription, a/


Prof. Anselm Production Course Visual & Web Design – Overview Graphic Design Brief History of Graphic Design Education Communication.

read them Look for anything = Search Interest Decide quickly Choose first “reasonable item” Muddle through Dont figure out how things work Resist forming models Stick to what works User Behavior Prof. Anselm SpoerriSCILS@RutgersMultimedia Production Course User Behavior  Design Implications  Design Specifics 2 Create Visual Hierarchy & Guide Eye Important Things = Visually Prominent (More Important = Larger / Sharp Contrast) Use headlines to guide the eye/


Specific Defenses of the Host

lymphocyte stimulation Immune System, continued Therefore, the B cells produces antibody that will specifically react with the antigen (specifically, the antigenic determinant) that stimulated its production. Antibodies (or B cell receptors) can recognize and bind to linear proteins,/ Mechanisms of the Immune Response, continued The peptide binding domain This region interacts with foreign peptides to form complexes that are recognized by CD8+ T cells. Almost all of the polymorphic residues (the differences /


1 H.K.U.S.T CENG 361 INTRODUCTION TO BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND BIOPROCESSSING BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING PRODUCTS LECTURE SLIDES PRESENTED TO BIEN STUDENTS.

thymidine kinase. Hybridoma (cont). 101 The immunocytes from hyperimmune animals provide the genetic material for the production of a specific antibody and HGPRT, allowing the hybrid to grow in HAT medium. Non-fused parental myeloma will / as a preventive inoculation to confer immunity against a specific disease, Usually employing an innocuous form of the disease agent, as killed or weakened bacteria or viruses, to stimulate antibody production 110 Vaccines (Hepatitis) Hep A Infectious hepatitis, occurs/


Design & Manufacturing of Materials Product design:Product development; design core; market analysis and competitive benchmarking; product design specification;

location; plant layout; critical path analysis; production scheduling; materials requirement planning; Just in Time management. Metal forming in the packaging industry: Forming limit diagrams; R-curves; forming processes (e.g. deep drawing); Strain path/ xxxxxxx63 MATRIX ANALYSIS cont’d The Design Core Market Assessment Specification Concept Design Detail Design Manufacture Sell SPECIFICATION Product Design Specification (PDS) Develop Specification (8 stages) 1.Construct customer needs matrix 2.Develop /


General Principles of Pharmacology

specific in action * Increase the dose will affect other targets in cell Binding of Drugs to Receptors * Binding of drugs to receptors obeys the law of mass action (the rate of chemical reaction is proportional to the product /for surface dressing Disadvantages - It interferes with bone regeneration - Inactivates thrombin 3- Microfibrillar collagen hemostat (Avitene) It is in the form of powder & used to control bleeding after oral surgery * Advantages - It does not interfere with: * epithelization * bone /


Roberta Russell & Bernard W. Taylor, III

in which service will take place Outline of the Design Process Pilot run and final tests New product or service launch Final design & process plans Idea generation Feasibility study Product or service concept Performance specifications Functional design Form design Production design Revising and testing prototypes Design specifications Manufacturing or delivery specifications Suppliers R&D Customers Marketing Competitors We’ll look at each of these in turn. Idea/


Quality System for Product Quality (CMC) Review

Content Uniformity Purity/impurity/degra-dants Other relevant drug-specific tests (e.g., dissolution, drug release rate, sterility) Establish specification* at release time and through shelf-life based on clinical batches Assure product performance Assure safety and efficacy *NDA specifications usually are adopted as compendial specifications at a later time Scientific Evaluation of the Drug Products (Dosage Forms) Data/Information Knowledge/Value Container/closure system* Material qualification/


Qian Wang Sanna Teiskonen Heikki Paananen Jani Liimatainen

is important to that managers and engineers still think about transferring technology or specific components across different product generations This sequential transfer over time is also a form of multi-project management Multi-project management addresses the future when expanding the product lines when introducing new technologies into existing products Breadth of Target Market Segments Size of Target Market Segments Ch. 8 Implications and Lessons/


Data-driven web services: specification and verification Victor Vianu UC San Diego.

finite-state systems described by propositional states. More expressive specifications first abstracted to propositional ones. Unsatisfactory: can check that some payment occurred before some shipment, but not that it involved the correct amount and product. –Theorem proving: no completeness guarantees, not autonomous. /integrates previous paradigms pattern: root X Y Z T p q r s p,q,r,s: regular path expressions Basic form of XML-QL query WHERE pattern(X,Y,…) CONSTRUCT answer(X,Y,…) pattern: root X Y Z=5 T p/


General Transcription Factors

for "free DNA") was a control with DNA but with no protein added. Lane 4 contained DNA plus TFIID, which presumably formed a non-specific complex (NS). Lane 5 contained DNA plus TFIID and TFIIA (A+D). The footprint in lane 5, indicated with a / the adenovirus major late promoter in the presence of all transcription factors except TFIIE. They added whole TFIIE or the products of cloned genes encoding the subunits of the transcription factor in increasing concentration, as indicated at top. The wedge shapes/


Products and Services To Accompany Russell and Taylor, Operations Management, 4th Edition,  2003 Prentice-Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Design — Prototype 4.Final Design — Final Design Specifications 5.Process Planning — Manufacturing Specifications The Design Process Pilot run and final tests New product or service launch Final design & process plans Idea generation Feasibility study Product or service concept Performance specifications Functional design Form design Production design Revising and testing prototypes Design specifications Manufacturing or delivery specifications Suppliers R&D Customers MarketingCompetitors Step 1: Idea/


Biomedical Product Development Start with the end in mind Focus on areas of strength.

disease or affect the structure or function of the body, excluding other inactive substances used in the drug product. API Requirements Identity: normally two identity tests required Strength/potency Sensitivity Specificity Purity: normally 98+% for NCE’s Stability Safety and efficacy Drug Product The finished dosage form (tablet, capsule, etc.) that contains a drug substance--generally, but not necessarily, in association with other active/


Process for the production of final products General procedure for production of bio-products using recombinant cells : - A single vial of the working.

a biological system - Applying a known quantity of the product to be assayed to a biological system : whole animals, specific organs, tissue types, cells - Comparative, and requires parallel assay of a “standard preparation” or ”control” ex) Bioassay of EPO : Mouse-based bioassay - EPO stimulates red blood cell(RBC) production, and used for treatment of certain forms of anaemia - EPO-containing sample is administered to/


Software architecture for product lines Rodrigo Mendes.

are becoming mature, as we see in FORM. 48 References Mcgregor, J. D. et al Initiating Software Product Lines. IEEE Software, 2002. Kang C. el al, Feature-Oriented Product Line Engineering. IEEE Software, 2002. David Garlan, Software Architecture: a Roadmap. School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University. ACM Press, 2000. Philippe Lalanda, Style-specific techniques to design product-line architectures. 49 References Mari Matinlassi, Evaluation/


Rosetta: Model-Centered Design. 3/23/01Rosetta Tutorial - IP/SoC 20012 Introduction This presentation overviews the basics of Rosetta specification You.

product Projections form product Interaction defines effects of information from domain D f on domain D g defining F’ Interaction defined using Rosetta’s reflective capabilities 3/23/01Rosetta Tutorial - IP/SoC 2001127 Understanding Facet Conjunction Composing facets from the same domain uses the same semantics as Z specification/ item I M__value(I) – Value of item I M__string(I) – Printed form of item I Specific items are defined using specialized operators 3/23/01Rosetta Tutorial - IP/SoC 2001167 /


IMMUNITY = Ability of organism to resist infection --- by means of interactions of a variety of cells and cell products 1. Nonspecific (innate): Phagocytes:

Anaerobic switch 4. APC – system (antigen-presenting cells) Phagocyte armor Nonspecific phagocytes present antigen to Specific T cells, triggering the production of effector T cells and antibodies. Immune T cells and antibodies react directly or indirectly to neutralize/ Each heavy and light chain contains three complementarity-determining regions, or CDRs, that are folded together to form the antigen-binding site. Recombination allows shuffling of various pieces of the final Ig genes. Random reassortment of/


Ing. Jana Turčínková Mendel University in Brno

above mentioned choices. Attitude-based vs. attribute-based choice Attitude-based choice – when consumers choose a product to purchase and their decision strategy is based on their previously formed attitudes toward the considered alternatives. Attribute-based choice – when consumers base their choice on a comparison of specific attributes or features offered by the considered alternatives. Choice heuristics Sometimes consumers are unwilling or unable/


ATP Adenosine triphosphate, more commonly referred to as ATP, is the only usable form of energy in the body The energy we derive from the foods we eat.

= two molecules of ATP Krebs cycle = two molecules of ATP Electron transport chain = 34 molecules of ATP By-products Krebs cycle – carbon dioxide Electron transport chain – water Duration: Continuous Key point The table above summarises what you /method of training – for example, if stamina is important, then some form of continuous training should be undertaken Ways of applying the principles – progression, overload, specificity, variance, moderation and, to some extent, reversibility Key point Applying the/


Refrigeration Plants – combine carbon dioxide from atmosphere, moisture and traces of chemicals from the soil to form all constituents they need. Energy.

the alcohol their digestive process rejects – leading to fermentation. Bacteria - also multiply as microscopic individuals- their waste products often giving rise to evil smells of putrefaction as well as being toxic. Each type of micro-organisms has /as dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, dew point, relative humidity, humidity ratio, specific volume, and enthalpy are presented in graphical form. Understanding the psychrometric chart Reading the psychrometric chart In order to locate any condition of/


DEVELOP AND MAINTAIN FOOD & BEVERAGE PRODUCT KNOWLEDGE

skills Practical exercises Formal report from employer or supervisor Trainer advises students that assessment for this Unit may take several forms all of which are aimed at verifying they have achieved competency for the Unit as required. Trainer indicates to students/and drink combination. Do they want to try something local? Many tourists/visitors are eager to try a local/national product specific to your country or region. Are they looking for a new experience or do they want something they know they /


Products and Services To Accompany Russell and Taylor, Operations Management, 4th Edition,  2003 Prentice-Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

Design — Prototype 4.Final Design — Final Design Specifications 5.Process Planning — Manufacturing Specifications The Design Process Pilot run and final tests New product or service launch Final design & process plans Idea generation Feasibility study Product or service concept Performance specifications Functional design Form design Production design Revising and testing prototypes Design specifications Manufacturing or delivery specifications Suppliers R&D Customers MarketingCompetitors Step 1: Idea/


Chapter 3 Enzymes. Almost all processes in the living cell are catalyzed by the specific biocatalyst. Enzymes are catalysts that change the rate of a.

are often phenomenally high. (Rate increases by factors of 10 6 or greater are common.). Second, in marked contrast to inorganic catalysts, the enzymes are highly specific to the reactions they catalyze. Side products are rarely formed. Finally, because of their complex structures, enzymes can be regulated. This is an especially important consideration in living organisms, which must conserve energy and raw materials/


Hua YIN | May 2014 1 |1 | Quality Workshop Copenhagen – May 2014 Specifications Hua YIN.

in- house method is used, compliance to compendial requirements should be demonstrated unless otherwise justified. Hua YIN | May 2014 42 | Common Deficiencies Cont’d  The specification should include all standard drug product tests and limits for that dosage form E.g. solid orals: description, identity, uniformity of dosage units (CU or MU), assay, related compounds, dissolution, microbial limits... Hua YIN | May 2014 43/


M ENU P RODUCTION R ECORDS Webinar June 7, 2012. Menu Production Records B ROUGHT TO Y OU B Y :

items in our example? Trick question: For all of the menu items except the extras, or condiments. Menu Production Records 1. F OOD B UYING G UIDE Information in columns: 1. Specific information on the type and form. 2. Purchase unit for the type and form. 3. Number of servings in each purchase unit. 4. Serving size to provide component credit. 5. Amount to/


Specifications Example Specifications Understand the importance of a standardized recipe. Identify the consequences of not standardizing recipes. Differentiate.

each item to be purchased – Information can be easily shared with purveyor – Information can be easily verified on delivery Specifications typically include – Intended use – Exact name – Product quality – Product Size – Yield – Packaging – Preservation and/or processing method – Point of origin – Product color – Ripeness or age – Product form – Expiration date – Approved substitutes – Other information Intended Use – Exactly how the item is to be used – Example: bulk mustard/


Session 1 Range of building materials Properties of Concrete Clay and none clay building products.

the same size. Ice floats in water because the ice is less dense than the water. Density is measured by specific gravity. Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass of a given volume of a liquid or solid to that of the same / after they are fired at high temperatures. Clay products When clay has been changed by heat (firing), the products are called ceramics. During firing, water is driven off, some recrystallisation of minerals takes place, and glass is formed from quartz sand present in the clay. The /


Topics: 15. B-lymphocytes - ontogenesis, surface markers, function. Ontogenesis of antibody production. 16. Immunoglobulins (structure, classes). Genetic.

receptors on phagocytes (opsonization)  neutralization, opsonization, complement activation  passes the placenta (protection of fetus in utero)  predominantly formed in secondary immune response  (concentration of 8 to 18 g / l; biol. half-life of 21 days)  Secretory / tolerance * majority of antigens given orally causes suppression of specific immunity (critical is also the size of the antigenic particles) * T r lymphocytes (regulatory) - production of IL-10 Induction of mucosal immune response * M /


1 Supplier Program Review Meeting #1 GM1927-15 APQP Kick-off Meeting (Long Version) Advanced Product Quality Planning.

–Eliminates the need to keep separate files for programs due to divisional or regional “unique” requirements Common forms and charts Interactive computer system (GQTS APQP module) –Facilitates timely communication of requirements and data –Eliminates manual/responsible- Supplier leads the workshop or appropriate activity to identify the Key Product Characteristics –Gage, Tooling & Equipment Review Gage Concept approval status Specific tooling timing-ensure timing is meeting the plan for the program timing /


© Learning and Teaching Scotland 2006 Higher Product Design Design Issues, the Design Team and Intellectual Property Rights.

market or expand an existing market  Increase company profits  Use existing resources more economically  Create a new or better aesthetic Product design © Learning and Teaching Scotland 2006 Design issues The ‘design team’ Intellectual property Click on the appropriate star Main menu ©/ somewhere secure with proof of the date when it was done. Design Right only protects the idea in that specific form, and it is easy for competitors to copy with minor changes so as to avoid infringement of the Design /


New Way Chemistry for Hong Kong A-Level Book 11 Energetics 6.1What is Energetics? 6.2Enthalpy Changes Related to Breaking and Forming of Bonds 6.3Standard.

2 = ?  H 2 = -4440 kJ  It is more convenient to report enthalpy changes per mole of the main reactant reacted/product formed. 6.3 Standard enthalpy changes (SB p.146) Standard enthalpy change of combustion New Way Chemistry for Hong Kong A-Level Book 127 Standard / Assuming that there was no heat absorption by the polystyrene cup, calculate the enthalpy change of solution of silver nitrate. (Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg -1 K -1 ) Answer 6.4 Experimental determination of enthalpy changes by/


Energy = force x distance (Joules) In chemical reactions, we need energy usually in the form of heat. Energy is absorbed to break the bonds of the reactants.

 It depends only upon the initial and final state of the reactants/products and not on the specific pathway taken to get from the reactants to the products  Hess’s Law states that the enthalpy change for any chemical reaction is/? Remember: Breaking bonds requires energy (Endothermic) while making bonds releases energy (Exothermic).  More energy released from new bonds forming  Less energy required for breaking old bonds  For a reaction to be exothermic, the energy released due to bond formation/


GROWING YR 11 BUSINESS STUDIES MOCKS. GROWING Aims An objective is a statement of specific outcomes that is to be achieved how much profit the business.

business functions, these will have their own objectives: finance & administration, marketing & sales, production & operations, human resource management SMART Objectives Specific Measurable Achievable Relevant Time Bound Why Grow? Economies of Scale Larger firms can produce at lower/ Easier to raise finance – both through the sale of shares and also easier to raise debt Stable form of structure – business continues to exist even when shareholders change Can pay less tax Disadvantages Greater admin /


Ads by Google