Ppt on power sharing in democracy sovereign

Topic 1 the constitution Constitution: a set of principles, which may be written or unwritten, that establishes the distribution of power within a political.

: referendums are now regularly held. Although not binding (as parliament is sovereign), it is inconceivable that a referendum verdict would be overturned, form of direct democracy Definition: refers to those circumstances when the peoples decision, in an election or referendum, is effectively binding on the political system Political sovereignty (where power effectively exists in reality) The government itself has a mandate from the people and/


The State & Civil Society Democracy and Communications.

geo-political entity, been both territory and a set of institutions (Tovey and Share, 2000). “All modern states are nation-states - political apparatuses, distinct /power relationships within society. Does it hide capitalism? How do we deal with the state/civil society dichotomy when negotiating ways in which democracy can be advanced across all aspects of society? Democracy against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism(2000 ) The Irish State According to the Irish Constitution: Ireland is a sovereign/


Principles of Government

King, Queen, or Emperor exercise the supreme powers of Gov’t. Absolute Monarch- Have complete and unlimited power to rule their people Rare Today (prominent 1400-1700’s) Ex- Napoleon Constitutional Monarch- Share gov’t powers with the elected legislatures or serve as /Russia is said to be an Oligarchy. Cosimo de Medici Types of Government 3. Democracy Any system of gov’t in which the rule is by the people. (People have sovereign power) Comes from Greek word demos (“The people”) “Government of the People, by /


Notes1 1.Impact of the Revolution  All Men Created Equal  Slavery attacked  Voting increases  Women’s rights 2. Representative Democracy 3. US problems.

balance representative democracyPlaced a “check and balance” on the people’s vote but tried to keep “representative democracyin principle. Historical Background 1.Why was the Electoral College created by the Framers?  Created as an /in state Regulate drinking age Set speed limit Create counties/cities Decide death penalty Marriage definition Medicinal marijuana Powers shared by all 3 levels Powers given only to the states Div of powers New Constitution gave the National Govt. 60% of governmental powers/


Today we will … Bellringer Objectives

and Legitimacy Discuss the usefulness of typologies and understand the common ways of categorizing and differentiating countries. Understand minimal conditions for democracy as set out in the text. 3. Nation/ State/ Regimes & Data Introduction Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty Constitutional? Legitimacy Rational/ Legal Common law Code Law Charismatic Traditional Sovereignty: No one else can tell me what to do Supranational Organizations UN EU NATO/


Chapter 9. Democracy in America Democracy in America- Alexis de Tocqueville’s study. He described America “brings the notion of political rights to the.

a nation", Marshall declared the tribes sovereign nations and dependent ones for whom the federal government must/democracy was an expansion of economic opportunity, which would not occur if the older corporations could maintain monopolies and choke off competition from newer companies The Changing Face of American Politics Second Party System- started with the development of the Whigs, who formed in opposition to Jackson’s tactics in the Nullification crisis, and the Bank War, felt he was becoming too powerful/


The US Constitution and World Governments SWBAT: Define government powers and the basic powers every government holds. Understand the purpose of government.

and define:  Democracy (Page 5)  Legislative Power (Page 4)  Parliament (Page 16)  State (Page 5)  Sovereign (Page 6)  Majority Party: A political party that holds the most number of seats in the legislature (/in your textbook.  Individually read the forms of government quietly and write 3-4 bullets points describing each – what does it look like, who holds the power, which countries have this type of government?  Exchange answers with your partner.  Be prepared to share a short explanation to share/


Unit 4 Notes: War of 1812- Jacksonian Democracy Chevalier Fall 2014.

Republican principle of limited federal power and maintenance of peace Political Cartoon/Great Britain (1818) Shared Oregon Territory for 10 years Shared fishing rights off Newfoundland/democracies in the Western Hemisphere No European Colonization in the Americas US protector of new democracies in the Western Hemisphere No European Colonization in/ nation”  Worcester v. GA (1832) sovereign  Cherokee law is sovereign and Georgia law does not apply in Cherokee nation.  Jackson: John Marshall has made/


State of Nature Hobbes ‘nasty, brutish and short’ = State of WAR -people would use power/fight in any way for survival -defence is the best way to attack.

a small scale first -Assumes a powerful sovereign would be better, as anything is better than the SON. But it/democracy is that as a society we would vote for the most popular person, not the best for the job. Marx -voting is not an expression of consent because the Middle Class control the whole production of ideas in/ e.g. Christian ethics which are shared → Social Cohesion: sharing values/customs...brings people closer → stronger society -Identity: Law, tradition, values shape us in terms of who we are → if/


1.Impact of the Revolution  All Men Created Equal  Slavery attacked  Voting increases  Women’s rights 2. Representative Democracy 3. US problems 

power and are sovereign. 1.Limited government was a major feature of each State constitution. 2.Powers delegated to government were granted reluctantly and hedged with many restrictions. 1.In every State it was made clear that the sovereign/’s vote but tried to keep “representative democracyin principle. Historical Background 1.Why was the /in state Regulate drinking age Set speed limit Create counties/cities Decide death penalty Marriage definition Medicinal marijuana Powers shared by all 3 levels Powers/


Kunibert Raffer © K Raffer 2015 Debt Crises in Latin America,

democracy; "especially in new democracies“ (ibid., p.33). “government of the time had both sufficient will and political power to carry out the adjustments to the fiscal budget that were necessary in order to confront the social security deficit, … important in/bill. The absence of burden sharing undermined public support for the /democracy ▬► Predator State (© JKG) “Vulture funds stand to make a fortune from a second Greek bailout after buying hundreds of millions of euros of distressed sovereign debt in/


Lecture 6 & 7 The Practical Foundations of EAP: Rationality, Power and Power PEDU 7206 1.

proper sovereign rights.” (p. 43) Foucault’s Studies of Power 121 zSovereign power yFoucault’s final words on the relationship between power and freedom xThe inherent relationship between power and freedom: “In order to exercise a relation of power, /institutional practices of public reasonability of a constitutional-liberal democracy have been firmly in place; ythe narrative of citizenship of civil-constitutional democracy has been commonly shared by its citizens ythe culture of democratic reasonability /


Government. Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.

in a country where one national government has all the power. Which form of government is being used in Maria’s country? A.Unitary B.Federation C. Confederation D.Democracy The government of Brazil has a national government and 26 state governments, each with some reserved powers and shared powers/Mexico A state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with /


-I can define government and the basic powers every government holds -I can describe the four defining characteristics of the state -I can identify four.

branches. NO two governments are alike. 3 Characteristics by which we classify gov’t. 1. Who can participate in the governmental process. 2. The geographic distribution of governmental power, within the state. 3. Relationship between the Legislative (lawmaking) and the Executive (law-executing) branches. Democracy: -supreme political authority rests with the people -”government of the people, by the people, and for the people/


WHY GOVERNMENT?. THOMAS HOBBS Thomas Hobbes was an English scholar and philosopher. He was born in 1588 and later became a tutor to a very wealthy family.

a single sovereign, or ruler, should have total authority over the people. He believed in a monarchy led by a king. That’s because he thought that government would work best if all the power rested in one place. No three branches for Hobbes! MONARCHY? DEMOCRACY? Many/believed these rights aren’t given to people—people are born with them. Locke imagined a set of natural rights that human beings share. These are the right to life, liberty, and property. Life refers to the fact that people want to live and will/


Notes1 1.Impact of the Revolution  All Men Created Equal  Slavery attacked  Voting increases  Women’s rights 2. Representative Democracy 3. US problems.

balance representative democracyPlaced a “check and balance” on the people’s vote but tried to keep “representative democracyin principle. Historical Background 1.Why was the Electoral College created by the Framers?  Created as an /in state Regulate drinking age Set speed limit Create counties/cities Decide death penalty Marriage definition Medicinal marijuana Powers shared by all 3 levels Powers given only to the states Div of powers New Constitution gave the National Govt. 60% of governmental powers/


Chapter Eleven Politics in Japan Comparative Politics Today, 9/e Almond, Powell, Dalton & Strøm Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman © 2008.

in the 1990s  But still 2nd largest economy Background  Democracy but with atypical institutions  Constitution imposed on Japan by the U.S.-led occupation authorities in 1946.  Never amended that constitution.  Foreign origin and alien ideals  Undermined by actual political practices  Corruption  Powerful/in the prefectural SNTV district for an individual candidate  Second cast for a party in the national district (with each party receiving a share of the 50 PR seats that matches the share/Sovereign?/


Section 3 Introduction-1

In an autocracy, such as a dictatorship or absolute monarchy, power and authority reside in a single individual. C. In an oligarchy, such as a communist country, a small group holds power in the government. D. In a democracy, such as the United States, the people hold the sovereign power/3 Concepts in Action Cultural Pluralism How well are the will of the majority and the rights of minorities being preserved in the United States? Ask several people their opinions. Come to class prepared to share your /


A Derivation of the International Legal Status of Taiwan Based on the Delineation of “Categories of Territory” found in U.S. Court Decisions and Customary.

knowledge of the Taiwan – U.S. Democracy Association, no U.S. court decisions have/ role as "principal occupying power.“ We can briefly overview the history of /In the same treaty, Spains sovereignty over Cuba was relinquished, but no recipient was designated. Cuba remained under USMG jurisdiction for several years. According to the historical and legal record, Taiwan and Cuba share/The United States did not explicitly state the sovereign status of Taiwan in the three US-PRC Joint Communiques of 1972/


Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) [1] - Utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham ( 1748–1832) -- and his preserved body in University College, London.

of animal pleasures at the expense of feeling and intellect get a less share of favourable sentiment from others” -->-->Difference: whether others displease us in respect of (a) things in which we think we have a right to control him, or (b)/possess and exercise unlimited power... - they’re wrong! It is surely possible that the ruling power may be under the dominion of sectional or class interests In any case, there is the problem of: Majoritarianism - The Fundamental Problem of Democracy If the majority are/


The U.S. Constitution Representative Democracy Representative Democracy Federalism Federalism Bicameralism Bicameralism Separation of Powers Separation.

central authority and individual states. System of government in which power is distributed between a central authority and individual states. 3 types of governmental powers 3 types of governmental powers a. Delegated powers(also called enumerated powers) belong only to federal govt. b. Reserved powers- held by state government c. Concurrent powers-shared by federal and state government. Separation of Powers 3 branch system to prevent one from being too/


HW 1.4 British Democracy Homework – How did the United Kingdom establish parliamentary democracy (a.k.a. constitutional monarchy?) Make a graphic organizer.

-1688 A long list of kings and queens. Some who are willing to share power with a House of Lords; others who are determined to take England back to/of kings- but, he admitted that the sovereigns power is absolute and not subject to review by either citizens or church clergy Written in 1651, just after the execution of Charles/ that was not a Revolution… England, (the U.K.) has become the 1 st true democracy in the world: a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY. Monarch is a figurehead King Nobility = Dukes, Earls, Barons /


A quick ABC of international law in 21 easy slides… August 23, 2006 Prof. Cesare Romano.

business community. 3.a. Similarity or identity: a community of interests. b. Sharing, participation, and fellowship. Subjects of International Law Members of the international community are/sovereign, meaning they do not recognize any superior power other than theirs (superiorem non recognoscentes). States are sovereign, meaning they do not recognize any superior power other than theirs (superiorem non recognoscentes). All states are equal in their relations (since 1648 in Europe and since decolonization in/


APRESENTATION ON COOPERATION IN POLITCAL AFFAIRS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY AND FOREIGN POLICY COORDINATION 1.

Common Man’s Charter. Disagreements on the sharing of benefits from jointly owned common services/In such an arrangement, federating states cede their sovereignty and some of their powers to the super-state. Cooperation in Political Matters Chapter 23 of the Treaty provides for Cooperation in Political Matters. It covers: Article 123 - Political Affairs (consolidation of good governance, democracy/easier to coordinate one planning unit that several sovereign ones. A central political authority will generate /


1.Impact of the Revolution  All Men Created Equal  Slavery attacked  Voting increases  Women’s rights 2. Representative Democracy 3. US problems 

power and are sovereign. 1.Limited government was a major feature of each State constitution. 2.Powers delegated to government were granted reluctantly and hedged with many restrictions. 1.In every State it was made clear that the sovereign/ keep “representative democracyin principle. Historical /in state Regulate drinking age Set speed limit Create counties/cities Decide death penalty Marriage definition Medicinal marijuana Powers shared by all 3 levels Powers given only to the states Div of powers/


The Age of Absolutism Absolute Monarchs in Europe 1500-1800 l.

of Divine Right “The sovereign power of government should be proportionate to its mandate, and in the station he occupies in the body of human society/to ensure internal peace and a common defense. This sovereign, whether monarch, aristocracy or democracy (though Hobbes prefers monarchy), should be a Leviathan/share-croppers or tenant farmers but not allowed to leave the land Declined in Western Europe but continued in Russia Societal Problem Serfs had to make regular payments of goods, labor to lords Some in/


Value Debate Mr. Lyke Speech & Debate. THE PLACE OF VALUE IN ACTION.

cont. In political society people assign legislative and executive powers of the law of nature to the public Power transference always/Democracy Shared responsibility for the running and operation of the state Shared responsibility for the running and operation of the state True democracy does not exist True democracy does not exist Socialism Social and economic system in/individual transfers all rights to the sovereign Each individual transfers all rights to the sovereign Brings about “Leviathan” “that /


Addis Ababa University Joint PhD Programme in Peace, Federalism and Human Rights Federalism and Democracy: The Challenges of Multiculturalism 6th Class.

state by: a/ questioning suprema potestas (sovereign powers) b/ questioning majority as a democratic sovereign –trust! c/ asking for a group/democracy emerged as modern/liberal – What does it mean? Sovereign People = Nation/Demos Demos = Nation -> Universality Demos/”Demos” vs. Nation(s) - > Particularity Citizenship is a membership in a national community, or: Why is every “universality” in/, since all groups do not share liberal values! (F. Fukuyama, “Identity, Immigration and Democracy”, 2006) II.3.1. /


Government Sixth Grade Social Studies 1. Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary,

voting rights and personal freedoms. A representative democracy in which the peoples elected deputies (representatives), not the people themselves, vote on legislation. 29 Federal Republic India, Brazil, Mexico A state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with the voters who chose their governmental/


 Total Area: 9,984,670 sq km (6,204,186 sq mi)  Somewhat larger than the U.S.  Borders US 8,893 km (5,525 mi)  Climate: temperate in south; sub-arctic.

Government in Canada” A constitutional monarchy that is also a parliamentary democracy and a federation Queen Head of State Queen Elizabeth II; sovereign and head of state; gives “repository” to executive power, judicial/share the worlds longest undefended border, co-operate on military campaigns and exercises, and are each others largest trading partners. Canada has nevertheless maintained an independent foreign policy, most notably maintaining full relations with Cuba and declining to participate in/


Russia and the Global Disorder. Signs of global disorder The world economic crisis  Role of US a key question Changing balance in the global economy.

Sovereign states will continue to assert their rights Western policy is evolving, pragmatic International energy security is a key interest for everyone – and appropriate regimes need to be created collectively 4. NATO enlargement Takes place based on shared interests Provides security An organization of democracies/ Partly – a natural process of sorting out interests Do we need to introduce elements of military power in this process? It’s like putting your gun on the table when you’re discussing a business/


Do Now: Why is government essential to the existence of human beings in a civilized society?

Do Now: Why is government essential to the existence of human beings in a civilized society?  Government  Public policy  Legislative power  Executive power  Judicial power  Constitution  Dictatorship  Democracy  State  sovereign  Define Government and the basic powers every government holds.  Describe the four characteristics of the state.  Consider the reaction of both Paine and Hobbes to a government “of the people, for the people and by the /


Constitutionalism, Federalism, Democracy – EU as a Polity.

shared rule and self-rule (e.g. unions, federations, confederations, condominiums, hybrid political structures) In comparison to the US model of ‘constitutional federalism’, the EU ‘treaty federalism’ relies in the division of powers/nor a mere alliance of sovereign states (Staatenbund), but a sui generis polity – Staatenverbund. “The EU is a political system in its own right, or at/(1993), three interconnected findings of the Court: 1. Since democracy presupposes the existence of a demos, no polity could be /


Political Systems. Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.

of government in which sovereign power is formally divided - usually by means of a constitution - between a central authority and a number of constituent regions (states, colonies, or provinces) so that each region retains some management of its internal affairs; differs from a confederacy in that the central government exerts influence directly upon both individuals as well as upon the regional units. Parliamentary Democracy Israel/


Government/Civics Domain. Federal (Federation) Power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.

is generally not accountable). Republican Systems A representative democracy in which the peoples elected deputies (representatives), not the people themselves, vote on legislation. Federal Republic India, Brazil, Mexico A state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the component parts (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with the voters who chose their governmental/


 What is the European Union? ▪ A big nation? ▪ A trade bloc? ▪ A confederation? ▪ A federation? ▪ A Noble Peace Prize Winner? ▪ Not “sovereign” yet!

sovereign” yet! ▪ However, whatever it is ▪ It sure is complicated!  The EU is a supranational system  An example of “McWorld”?  Sovereignty is shared between the member states and the EU  How much sovereignty are you willing to give up in order to gain the benefits of integration?  Although advanced democracies/ legislation)—the EU has been called a supranational system—that is, a system where sovereign powers are shared among the members and held by EU institutions over the member states themselves. /


Greece in the EU: Stateness in Hard Times Professor Kostas A. Lavdas - D R A F T -

sovereign responsibilities and thereby exercises sovereign powers, the peoples of the Member States must legitimate this process through their national parliaments’ In 2010, when the EU – ECB – IMF lending began, Greece’s stateness was still conceivable in terms of the sovereignty exercised in the context of the EU, i.e., in/ of transitional, shared sovereignty (Krasner 2004). In political science, the/democracies refrain from fighting amongst themselves. It has been demonstrated that emerging democracies/


America and World War II

in the East World War II in Europe begins- France and Britain had guaranteed Polish sovereignty US responds with a renewed Neutrality act 1939- “cash and carry” Non-Aggression Pact Non Aggression Pact Germans and Soviets share/they will live; and they wish to see sovereign rights and self government restored to those who/power Be able to summarize the following American response to Pearl Harbor Arsenal of Democracy Financing the war Size of government Internment of Japanese Americans “A date that will live in/


Classifications of Governments

-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Federal System Federal System - the power to govern is shared between the national, state, and local levels. Example - The U.S/in their respective chambers to discuss legislation. "Representative Democracy," Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia 99. © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Republic Republic - voters hold sovereign power. Elected representatives who are responsible to the people exercise that power. The terms representative democracy/


1 Political Geography "We live in a political world..." Bob Dylan "In politics, stupidity is not a handicap." Napoleon Bonaparte (attributed)

the Congress … keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay." Excerpts from Article 1, Section 10, U.S. Constitution 35 Electoral Geography In democracies (unitary or federal), there are many steps and/


1 The Emergence of the Two Party System and Jacksonian Democracy.

and westward expansion “…I may be called on to pursue in regard to the rights of the separate States I hope to be animated by a proper respect for those sovereign members of our Union…” 6 Jackson’s Inaugural Party Jackson/ Jackson Democratic Party believed in the power of a strong executive power Democratic Party believed in the power of a strong executive power They espoused many of the beliefs of the Jacksonian Democracy They espoused many of the beliefs of the Jacksonian Democracy States’ rights States’ /


Questions for Sessions 2 1.What are the main characteristics of polis? 2.What are men and women’s position in a polis? 3.What does katha phusin zoon politikon.

among members of sovereign states. In the post Second/in Europe in resistance to the autocratic power of monarchs, and with the growing power/shared normative conceptions, but may lead to excessive collectivism. Radical-Democratic Citizenship Radical democratic citizenship is expressed through participation in grassroots or direct democracy. It should be located neither in the state nor in depoliticized civil society, but in collective action (Delanty 2000). This perspective sees citizenship as consisting in/


The New Europe. The Council of Europe Council of Europe created in 1948 Council of Europe created in 1948 European federalists hoped Council would quickly.

since 1920s. Brandt brought Germany’s Social Democrats to national power for first time since 1920s. Demonstrated two-party political democracy had taken firm hold. Demonstrated two-party political democracy had taken firm hold. Result: West Germany’s eastern peace settlement contributed to great reduction in East-West tensions; Germany assumed a leadership role in Europe. Result: West Germany’s eastern peace settlement contributed to/


Prep for Federalist Papers Republic (Representative Democracy) a government in which citizens elect representatives to make decisions for them Direct Democracy.

Democracy (or Pure Democracy) A government in which all citizens participate in decision-making Factions Special interests; any group that tries to dominate the political process to serve its own purposes Confederal System Federalism Unitary Confederal System: States are sovereign. The national government exists only by the will of the states and may do only what is permitted by the states. Federal System: Sovereignty is shared/


Citizen Participation within Governments. Federal (Federation) Power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.

Systems Kenya and South Africa A representative democracy in which the peoples elected deputies (representatives), not the people themselves, vote on legislation. Federal Republic United States, India, Brazil, Mexico A state in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the lesser governments (states, colonies, or provinces) retain a degree of self-government; ultimate sovereign power rests with the voters who chose their/


1 The Emergence of the Two Party System and Jacksonian Democracy.

and westward expansion “…I may be called on to pursue in regard to the rights of the separate States I hope to be animated by a proper respect for those sovereign members of our Union…” 8 Jackson’s Inaugural Party Jackson/ Jackson Democratic Party believed in the power of a strong executive power Democratic Party believed in the power of a strong executive power They espoused many of the beliefs of the Jacksonian Democracy They espoused many of the beliefs of the Jacksonian Democracy States’ rights States’ /


第十六單元:歐盟法與生命對話 歐盟法研討會 THE ECONOMIC POSITION OF AUSTRIA AS A MEMBER STATE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION Taipei, 3 June 2014 【本著作除另有註明外,採取創用 CC 「姓名標示-非商業性-相同方 式分享」台灣.

Union shall share competence with the MS … (i) energy … Article 24 TEU 1. The Union’s competence in matters of/its values, fundamental interests, security, independence and integrity (b).. support democracy, the rule of law, human rights and the principles of international/Sovereign Debt Crisis) In the wake of the sovereign debt crisis even the “hardliners” forming the Eurogroup turned out to be more divided than expected in/Ultimately, the emergence of new Super Powers and their mutual cooperation will, /


EU-Member States: the principles. The sovereign claims of EU Law The concept of sovereignty: there is an absolute power in the internal structure of a.

in 30 June 2009. The protection of the principle of democracy requires the respect of national constitutional identity, i.e. the rule of law, the principle of social state, the principle of federation, the protection of the human dignity and of the human rights. Limits to the process of European integration The transfer of sovereign powers/of EU intervention: Exclusive competence, shared competence and supportive competences. Limits of EU legal authority Doctrine of conferred powers. Article 5 TEU: Under the/


Next Chapter 4 Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company US Government: Principles in Practice.

in Practice Reading Check Answer(s): Expressed powers are enumerated in the Constitution. Implied powers are not enumerated, but are logically suggested by expressed powers. Inherent powers have been recognized as belonging to all sovereign nations Contrasting How do expressed, implied, and inherent powers/Government: Principles in Practice Shared Powers Power to collect taxes is a concurrent power: power held by /called “laboratories of democracy”? What democratic methods have been tested in the states? How /


TYPES OF GOVERNMENTAL OR RULING STYLES. GOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURES There are various ways a government can be run in terms of power and authority There are.

democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution. Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution. Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in/ employees are skilled, loyal, experienced and intellectual. The team/employees are welcomed to share their views and provide suggestions which are best for organizational interests. This leadership style /


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