Ppt on power line communication circuit

Dezső Sima © Dezső Sima 2015 (v1.1) ARM’s processor lines November 2015.

years after the introduction of the IBM PC) to develop an own powerful processor for a line of business computers. The acronym ARM was coined originally at this time/A8, included partly hand layout and partly automated layout. 3. Approaches to circuit design (10) Over time more and more advanced standard cell libraries were developed/ Rosinger S., ARM Cortex-A17/Cortex-A12 processor update, ARM Connected Community, Oct. 1 2014, http://community.arm.com/groups/processors/blog/2014/09/30/arm- cortex-a17-cortex/


The Urantia Book Paper 29 The Universe Power Directors Paper 28 - Ministering Spirits of the Superuniverses.

of universe organization and energy mobilization. These centers are able to provide intensified lanes of energy useful for interplanetary communication between important inhabited points. Such a lane or line of energy, sometimes also called an energy path, is a direct circuit of energy from one power center to another power center or from one physical controller to another controller. It is an individualized stream of/


Computer Communications DCS Lab. ghcho 2001 Fall1 Course Syllabus (I)  Lecturer : Gihwan Cho office : room 607 (voice 3437) office.

with the wide deployment of ATM backbone networks often owned by multiple organizations usually separate communications functions from application functions transmission lines: circuits, channels or trunks switching elements : Intermediate Systems, Packet Switching Node, Data Switching /and ring topology or passive star topology to distribute signals (divides signal power among the arms) fiber is immune to thermal noise Computer Communications DCS Lab. ghcho 2001 Fall57 Modems  Due to attenuation, delay /


Lecture: RF & Microwave Filters Filters RF/IF Transformers Impedance Matching in RF Circuits Mechanical Filters.

is suitable for preserving the content of pulsed waveforms typically used in modern communications systems, such as the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) modulation used in/final type is not strictly a true inductor, but a transmission line used as an inductor. This method is useful at UHF and/circuits T - type matching circuits widely used as input, interstage and output matching circuits in high power amplifiers can incorporate active device lead and bondwire inductances within matching circuit/


R. F. Systems EE731 H. Chan; Mohawk College.

power is reflected. The line is called a flat or nonresonant line. For a finite line with no matching termination, part or all of the incident voltage and current will be reflected. H. Chan; Mohawk College Reflection Coefficient The reflection coefficient is defined as: It can also be shown that: Note that when ZL = Zo,  = 0; when ZL = 0,  = -1; and when ZL = open circuit/


W.J (Bill) Bergman Power System Solutions

(CEA) CEA Project No. 485T1049 “On-line Condition Monitoring of Substation Power Equipment - Utility Needs” January 1997. Draft IEEE C37.10.1 “Guide to Selecting Monitoring for Power Circuit Breakers” CEA Project started in late 1994 / data Condition monitoring is a joint effort between manufacturers (OEM and 3rd parties, utilities (equipment, P&C, communications) and software developers IEEE Switchgear Condition Monitoring, November 11, 1999 Pittsburgh IEEE Switchgear Condition Monitoring, November 11, 1999/


Damage Control Communications Systems and Techniques

(Engineers) 3JV - Engineers circuit, (Boilers) 4JV - Engineers circuit, (Fuel and Stability) 5JV - Engineers circuit, (Electrical) Sound-Powered Telephone System Emergency circuits Provide a means of rigging communication lines between vital battle stations Emergency circuit designations are also preceded by the letter "X", but have no letter after "J” X40J - Casualty communication circuit X50J - Fog foam circuit Sound-Powered Telephone System Emergency circuits (cont.) Emergency circuit of main concern to/


Communication Cables Teltec, Uganda Teltec, Uganda.

this form of communication soon started having interference (noise) from the Trams (Electric Trains) and other electricity-using devices. After this, companies converted to Balanced circuits lines. These are implemented using two wires which have circuits installed at every/and armor, designed for applications such as direct burial in trenches, high voltage isolation, dual use as power lines, installation in conduit, lashing to aerial telephone poles, submarine installation, and insertion in paved streets. /


Electric Power Distribution

communities and homes Demonstration: Distributing AC Power - Transformers Save the Day Introductory Question (revisited) Electric power reaches this city via high voltage transmission lines. What fraction of the electric charges traveling on those transmission lines pass through this room? About 1% About 0.01% Exactly 0% Summary about Electric Power Distribution Electric power is transmitted at high voltages Electric power is delivered at low voltages Transformers transfer power between circuits/


RF Communication Circuits

RF Communication Circuits Lecture 3: S- Parameters Dr. Fotowat-Ahmadi Sharif University of Technology Fall-1391 Prepared by: Siavash Kananian & Alireza Zabetian Dr./ circuit) Stub even (open circuit) The ABCD matrices for the two networks may then found : Transmission line stub stub From previous definition continue Convert to S For perfect isolation we require Thus or From previous definition continue Substituting into S-parameter gives us and Therefore for full four port And continue For power conservation/


© 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies 1 Principles of Electronic Communication Systems Third Edition Louis E. Frenzel, Jr.

electrical characteristics are critical and must be matched to the equipment for successful communication to take place.  Transmission lines are also circuits. © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies 5 13-1: Transmission-Line Basics  The two primary requirements of a transmission line are: 1. The line should introduce minimum attenuation to the signal. 2. The line should not radiate any of the signal as radio energy. © 2008 The/


Modeling of the Transfer Function of the Indoor Power Line Channel Stefano Galli Telcordia Technologies

Power Line Communications Telcordia Technologies Proprietary - Copyright 2006. 4 Power Line Communications – outdoor (From ADVANCE, March 2005) Telcordia Technologies Proprietary - Copyright 2006. 5 (From ADVANCE, March 2005) Power Line Communications – indoor Telcordia Technologies Proprietary - Copyright 2006. 6 Power Line Communications/ the differential mode and pair mode circuit models of power line link Tie the two modes through a transformer Describe each circuit models as cascaded two-port networks /


Lower Power Design Guide 1998. 6.7 성균관대학교 조 준 동 교수

Semiconductor Device Complexity Power Component Static: Leakage current(<< 1%) Dynamic: – Short Circuit power(10-30%): Short circuit ow during transitions, – Switching (or capacitive) power(70- 90%): /. Asynchronous SYSTEMS More difficult to implement, requiring explicit synchronization between communication blocks without clocks If the signal feeds directly to conventional gate-/ other locations are stored in a larger ROM. NMOS precharge: bit lines are precharged to Vdd - Vt. A drawback of this technique is/


Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves

account for the phase differences in the voltages ΔVL and ΔVC are on the same line and so the net y component is ΔVL - ΔVC ΔVmax From the Phasor/ but when the current begins to decrease in the circuit, the energy is returned to the circuit Power in an AC Circuit, cont The average power delivered by the generator is converted to internal energy in/ wavelength Notes on The EM Spectrum Radio Waves Used in radio and television communication systems Microwaves Wavelengths from about 1 mm to 30 cm Well suited for /


Digital Integrated Circuits A Design Perspective

Circuits A Design Perspective Jan M. Rabaey Anantha Chandrakasan Borivoje Nikolic Coping with Interconnect December 15, 2002 Impact of Interconnect Parasitics • Reduce Robustness • Affect Performance Increase delay Increase power/ C2 R1 R2 C1 Tr Vin RN-1 RN The distributed rc-line Diffused signal propagation Delay ~ L2 The Global Wire Problem ( ) / wires Insert repeaters — but might become prohibitive (power, area) Efficient chip floorplanning Towards “communication-based” design How to deal with latency? Is/


Modern Services of Data Network Part I Communication

ATM backbone switches typically provide point-to-point full duplex circuits at 155 Mbps (total of 310 Mbps). Ethernet /These devices are used to adjust the frequency response of a communications line to transfer audio signals better. They work well for audio however/// Architectures – Hybrid PON Up to 70 km Up to 10 km // // OLT Optical splitter // // ONU // Processing (powered) // // // Optical splitter Architectures – Hybrid PON (2) Single fiber, 1550 broadcast, 1310 bidirectional data // // OLT 1550/


Electromagnetics (ENGR 367) The Complete Sourced & Loaded T-line.

) The Complete Sourced & Loaded T-line T-line Power: Big or Small While T-lines carry from the high voltage of Power Generators to the miniscule voltage detected by Communications Receivers, the load can only absorb as much signal power as is transmitted, and that depends initially on the source and input impedances. While T-lines carry from the high voltage of Power Generators to the miniscule voltage detected/


Circuits and Analog Electronics 电路与模拟电子技术 Prof. Li Chen, School of Information Science and Technology, Sun Yat-sen University 中山大学信息科学与技术学院 陈立副教授 Email:

Basic Concepts and Electric Circuits Understanding the AM radio requires knowledge of several concepts Communications/signal processing (frequency domain analysis) Electromagnetics (antennas, high-frequency circuits) Power (batteries, power supplies) Solid state (miniaturization, low-power electronics) The AM / business is called a subscriber. Typically, phone lines to houses or small businesses are analog twisted- pair wire connections. Subscribers’ analog lines are connected to a Regional Terminal (RT) or/


POWER SUPPLY GROUP/PRESENTATION MARCH 06

single-crystal solar cells are among the most efficient commercially available today. We offer a full line of photovoltaic (PV) cells, solar modules which utilize a series of cells wired together and /Communications Outdoor lighting Rural electrification Recreational vehicles Stand-alone or grid-connected AC applications Electrical Characteristics Nominal Voltage: 24 volt Maximum Power: 150 W Short-Circuit Current: 4.45 Amps Open Circuit Voltage: 43.2 Volts Maximum Power Current: 4.35 Amps Maximum Power/


MICROPROCESSOR BASED POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION

RADIO INTER-FERENCE LIMITING TRANSFER OF FAULT CURRENT NHVDC PROJECT USES ONE CIRCUIT OF EXISTING DOUBLE CIRCUIT 220kV AC LINE BETWEEN BARSOOR AND LOWER SILERU FIRST STAGE 100kV, 100MW POWER IN THE MONO POLAR MODE USING EARTH RETURN SECOND STAGE ± / -   MODBUS PROTOCOL COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE MASTER & SLAVES EACH RELAY ACTING AS AN RTU WILL BE COMMUNICATING WITH THE SCADA THROUGH RS 485 PORT MODBUS COMMUNICATION IN RTU MODE WILL BE EMPLOYED A DATA CONCENTRATOR AT THE MASTER END COMMUNICATES WITH THE RTUS /


Make the most of your energy Make the most of your energy SM Add application photo in this area PowerLogic ® Branch Circuit Power Meter for data center.

effective communications ●Easily integrates into PowerLogic system or existing Modbus network ●Three feature sets, to meet your specific needs ●Basic – Current only in the circuits and mains ●Intermediate – Current in the circuits, power and energy in the mains ●Advanced – Power and energy in the circuits and / of rated current; 1% from 10-100% of rated current ●Voltage: 1% of reading from 90 to 277 V, Line to Neutral ●Circuit metering: 0.25 A to 2 A 2 A to 100 A Current: 3% of reading 2% of reading Energy:/


© 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies 1 Principles of Electronic Communication Systems Third Edition Louis E. Frenzel, Jr.

communicated and converts it into an electronic signal compatible with the communication medium.  This process involves carrier generation, modulation, and power amplification.  The signal is fed by wire, coaxial cable, or waveguide to an antenna that launches it into free space.  Typical transmitter circuits/-Matching Networks Transmission Line Transformers and Baluns  A transmission line or broadband transformer is a unique type of transformer widely used in power amplifiers for coupling between/


1 Real Time Digital Simulation RTDS ® Power Systems Simulation in Real Time.

mounted with access from rear of cubicle Signal selection in Draft Simulation Hardware 装置开关输出回路接线图 开关量输出回路 47 GPC Network Communication - GTNET: GTNET – GSE  IEC 61850 binary messaging GTNET – SV  IEC 61850-9-2/Circuit Construction in RSCAD / DRAFT: Circuit assembly Data entry 3 phase drawing models single line drawing mode Simulation Software 56 Component Editing: Simulation Software 57 Running the Simulation in RSCAD / RUNTIME: True real time performance provides ability to operate the simulated power/


Smart Dust: Unique Low Power Flexible Sensor Networks Maryland Sensor Network Group Neil Goldsman, Martin Peckerar, Quirino Balzano, Shuvra Bhattacharyya,

Smart Dust Node Analog Transceiver Microprocessor –Communication and Sensor Control –Decision making Micro-Battery Energy Harvesting Micro-Antenna Smart Dust Particle ~1mm /power Power Efficient Micro RF Circuits: Smart Dust RF Receiver and /Kupershtok, S. S. Bhattacharyya, and N. Goldsman. Design and implementation of a device network application for distributed line-crossing recognition. In Proceedings of the International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium, College Park, Maryland, December 2007. –/


Industrial Systems Internal Version 1 B90 Bus Differential Relay and Breaker Failure Protection Cost-efficient Good performance Modern communications.

for all B90 IEDs All B90 can be accessed simultaneously Off-line setting files can easily be produced Industrial Systems Internal Version 24/ by various definitions is different; sometimes significantly different particularly for multi-circuit differential elements such as busbar protection When selecting the slope (slopes)/Performance: –Reset time of current sensors below 0.7 power system cycle –Communications delays around 0.2 power system cycle between any two neighboring IEDs Industrial Systems Internal/


COMP 421 /CMPET 401 COMMUNICATIONS and NETWORKING CLASS 6.

Line Signal Detector [Carrier Detect] (8) Additional circuits necessary sometimes: –DTE Ready(20) –Ring Indicator (22) Null Modem Cable SG DTR DSR RTS CTS CD TD RD SG DTR DSR RTS CTS CD TD RD Allows DTE to DTE direct communication Balanced/ signaling rate52 Mbps Maximum cable length50 feet Number of connector points50 InterfaceDTE-DCE Electrical technologyDifferential ECL Typical power consumption610 mW TopologyPoint-to-point Cable typeShielded twisted-pair wire The High-Speed Serial Interface (HSSI) is/


Microwave Integrated Circuits (MIC) Microwave circuits exist in three different forms: Discrete circuit Packaged diodes/transistors mounted in coaxial.

resistor Dielectric resonator Passive Microwave Components (PMC) (The circuits that does not contain any active device such as diode or transistor) PMC are used extensively in any microwave communication system Passive microwave components include: Combiners & Dividers Phase shifters Filters Terminations & attenuators Switches Couplers Isolators & Circulators Terminations Absorb all the power at the end of transmission line in order to terminate a microwave equipment without/


Chapter 3 Transmission Lines. Contents 1.Features of Transmission Lines 2.Low Frequency Characters of Microstrip Line 3.High Frequency Characters of Microstrip.

attenuation due to dielectric loss  r is attenuation due to radiation loss where P l is power loss per unit length of line, P 0 is the power on line at z=0 plane.  Combined Loss Effect : linearly combined quality factors (Q) / ( e.g. computer logic, digit communication, sampler for oscilloscope, counter) to carry signal pulses is propagation delay.  Crosstalk between adjacent circuits is a serious problem in pulse systems. For example, a 50  microstrip line on high-purity alumina:  eff =/


1 CHAPTER 2 Diode Applications By: Nur Baya Binti Mohd Hashim School of Computer and Communication Engineering.

are implemented with capacitors. Regulators  Voltage regulation in power supply done using integrated circuit voltage regulators.  To /  To prevent changes in the filtered dc voltage/ to fix output dc voltage due to variations in input voltage or load. 2-4 Power Supply Filters And Regulators (cont.) (introduction) 26 In most power supply – 60 Hz ac power line voltage is converted to constant dc voltage. 60Hz pulsating/


Gunawan Wibisono Dept Teknik Elektro FTUI. Agenda  Introduction  GSM  UMTS/IMT-2000  3G and 4G  Satellite Communications.

multimedia on the Internet) VoIP RTP: Real-time Transport Protocol Network Technologies Zigbee  High level communication protocols using small, low-power digital radios based on the IEEE 802.15.4  Wireless mesh networking proprietary standard Bluetooth  Uses/T-Carrier lines: carries several signals over a single line: T1,T3 Frame Relay ATM:  Asynchronous Transfer Mode  Fast and high capacity transmitting technology  Packet technology Switching Technologies: Technologies: Circuit Switching Packet /


McGraw-Hill © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Principles of Electronic Communication Systems Radio Transmitters.

communicated and converts it into an electronic signal compatible with the communication medium.  This process involves carrier generation, modulation, and power amplification.  The signal is fed by wire, coaxial cable, or waveguide to an antenna that launches it into free space.  Typical transmitter circuits/-Matching Networks Transmission Line Transformers and Baluns  A transmission line or broadband transformer is a unique type of transformer widely used in power amplifiers for coupling between/


Chapter 21 Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves.

figure in development of AC electricity High-voltage transformers Transport of electrical power via AC transmission lines Beat Edison’s idea of DC transmission lines Problem Solving for AC Circuits Calculate as many unknown quantities as possible For example, find X /. Example 9 The U.S. Navy has long proposed the construction of extremely low frequency (ELF waves) communications systems; such waves could penetrate the oceans to reach distant submarines. Calculate the length of a quarter- wavelength/


Chapter 21 Alternating Current Circuits and Electromagnetic Waves.

C are on the same line and so the net y component is ΔV L - ΔV C ΔV L and ΔV C are on the same line and so the net y / the circuit, the energy is returned to the circuit Power in an AC Circuit, cont The average power delivered by the generator is converted to internal energy in the resistor The average power delivered / Spectrum Radio Waves Radio Waves Used in radio and television communication systems Used in radio and television communication systems Microwaves Microwaves Wavelengths from about 1 mm to 30 /


The Physical Layer Chapter 2. The Theoretical Basis for Data Communication Fourier Analysis Bandwidth-Limited Signals Maximum Data Rate of a Channel.

communication. Propagation Types Surface propagation: Waves travel through the lowest level of the atmosphere emanating in all directions. Distance depends on the amount of power in the signal. Tropospheric propagation: Two modes: either from antenna to antenna (line/each node they are briefly stored (store-and-forward). Two types of packet switching: Datagram approach Virtual circuit approach Datagram approach: Each datagram (packet) is treated independently from other datagrams. Datagrams of same message /


Digital subscriber line https://store.theartofservice.com/the-digital-subscriber-line-toolkit.html.

://store.theartofservice.com/the-digital-subscriber-line-toolkit.html Powerline Digital Subscriber Line - Basics 1 Power-line communications systems operate by adding a modulated carrier signal to the wiring system. Different types of power-line communications use different frequency bands. Since the power distribution system was originally intended for transmission of AC power at typical frequencies of 50 or 60 Hertz|Hz, power wire circuits have only a limited ability to carry/


ENG3640 Microcomputer Interfacing Week #10 Busses & Transmission Lines.

of a microcomputer in a systematic manner. It provides for standardization in mechanical form, electrical specifications, and communication protocols between board-level devices. Can extend definition to include the  P as well Processor-specific bus/ transmission line in its surrounding medium. PC Transmission Lines Integrated Circuit Microstrip Stripline Via Cross section view taken here PCB substrate T W Cross Section of Above PCB T Signal (microstrip) Ground/Power Signal (stripline) Ground/Power Signal /


1 System Aspects Integration Need for upfront complete specifications Behavioral vs structural specification On-line vs off-line evolution Languages for.

20 On-line vs off-line evolution On-line: System /components. For example evolutionary power-optimization of an implementation/circuits Reconfiguration algorithm integrated on the chip Evolvable Circuits - Evolvable Chip Transducer Reconfigurable analog circuits A/D conversion Communication Reconfiguration algorithm running externally Various Transducers EVOLVABLE analog circuits A/D conversion Communication Evolvable Sensor Chips Detector/transducer Dedicated analog circuits A/D conversion Communication/


Microelectronic Circuit Design, 4E McGraw-Hill Chapter 3 Solid-State Diodes and Diode Circuits Microelectronic Circuit Design Richard C. Jaeger Travis.

of quasicrystals, but the realization of the importance of this result and the determination to communicate it to a skeptical scientific community. 盡信書,不如無書 Microelectronic Circuit Design, 4E McGraw-Hill To make the discovery even more astounding, Shechtman found that by/dc voltage output. Rectifier circuits are used in virtually all electronic devices to convert the 120-V 60-Hz ac power line source to the dc voltages required for operation of electronic devices. In rectifier circuits, the diode state /


© Digital Integrated Circuits 2nd Interconnect Impact of Interconnect Parasitics Reduce Robustness Affect Performance Increase delay Increase power dissipation.

TrTr V in R N-1 R N The distributed rc-line © Digital Integrated Circuits 2nd Interconnect The Global Wire Problem Challenges  No further improvements to be expected after the introduction of Copper (superconducting, optical?)  Design solutions  Use of fat wires  Insert repeaters — but might become prohibitive (power, area)  Efficient chip floorplanning  Towards “communication-based” design  How to deal with latency?  Is synchronicity an/


1 EKT 441 MICROWAVE COMMUNICATIONS CHAPTER 1: TRANSMISSION LINE THEORY.

40 - 3000.75 - 0.1mm 6 APPLICATION OF MICROWAVE ENGINEERING Communication systems UHF TV Microwave Relay Satellite Communication Mobile Radio Telemetry Radar system Search & rescue Airport Traffic Control / unit length, in F/m Figure 2: Lumped-element equivalent circuit 15 TRANSMISSION LINE EQUATIONS The series L represents the total self-inductance of the two/37 RETURN LOSS When the load is mismatched, not all the of the available power from the generator is delivered to the load. This “loss” is called /


EMI/EMC B.T.P.MADHAV EMI / EMC EMI is defined as the undesirable signal which causes unsatisfactory operation of a circuit or device. EMC is defined.

defined as B.T.P.MADHAV CLASSIFICATION OF EMI FILTERS 1)Low pass power line filters. 2)Low pass telephone line filters. 3)High pass data line filters. 4)Band pass communication filters. 5)Band reject filters.  lumped element low-pass filters(capacitive /creation of potentials between two metallic parts.  Bonding is useful to protect against the effects of shocks, protect circuits from current return paths.  They reduce potential difference between the devices and carry large faulty currents. The bonding/


From Quantum Gates to Quantum Learning: recent research and open problems in quantum circuits Marek A. Perkowski, Portland Quantum Logic Group, Department.

, and also that any single qubit operation can be inserted to the control and data lines. The control can be from top (as in the Figure 3b) or from the bottom/circuits and synthesis for them. Applications in practical architectures for low power. Applications in practical architectures for standard computing (FFT, butterflies, DSP circuits). Testing and Test localization. Realization in DNA and other nano-technologies (fluidic) Optical realizations. In 2020 quantum computing will be a reality As a community/


ECE 546 – Jose Schutt-Aine 1 ECE 546 Lecture -16 Power Distribution Networks Spring 2014 Jose E. Schutt-Aine Electrical & Computer Engineering University.

Jose Schutt-Aine 11 Rules for Power Distribution Use low-impedance ground connections between gates Provide low-impedance path between power and ground Minimize voltage differences between power lines ECE 546 – Jose Schutt-Aine 12 SSN can affect circuits in 3 ways 1)SSN may/ 1-100 KHz ECE 546 – Jose Schutt-Aine 26 IC PDN Core: Primarily made of transistors I/O: Provides communication with other ICs Core and I/O require separate PDN Goal: ensure sufficient charge is supplied to switching CKT so capacitance/


1 CHAPTER 3 EMT 113: V-2008 School of Computer and Communication Engineering, UniMAP Prepared By: Prepared By: Amir Razif b. Jamil Abdullah Basic AC Motor.

it is in the transformer. Figure 3.12: (a) An Equivalent Circuit of an Induction Motor with R c Neglected. (b) The Power Flow and Associated Losses ofCont’d… 44 Example 3.4: Induction Motor Equivalent Circuit. An induction motor draws 25 A from a 460 V, three-phase line at a power of 0.85 lagging. The stator copper lost is 1000W and the/


1 © A. Kwasinski, 2015 Cyber Physical Power Systems Fall 2015 Week #1.

physical components. In this course the cyber-physical system under consideration is built by combining power and communications infrastructures (physical components) through integrated sensing, data management and control (implicit computational algorithms). /120 V ac (low voltage) Power capacity for each circuit 10 – 40 MW Passive grid. Spans shorter distances than the transmission portion. Distribution circuits have relatively higher losses than transmission lines. Generally in a radial configuration from/


Dept. of Information & Communications Technology Circuit Diagram and Prototype Construction (Project 1) slide L1-1 Objectives v How to read schematic Diagrams.

pin. Logical 0 specifies that 0 volts is on the line. Dept. of Information & Communications Technology Circuit Diagram and Prototype Construction (Project 1) slide L1-9 RS/line. v If you dont want the holes to be joined together, you can use a spot face cutter to break the track. v Notice how the tracks carrying the power rails (0V and 5V) have been thickened by adding additional solder. v This will reduce their resistance and minimize voltage drop. Dept. of Information & Communications Technology Circuit/


1 CHAPTER 2 Diode Applications By: Nur Baya Binti Mohd Hashim School of Computer and Communication Engineering.

are implemented with capacitors. Regulators  Voltage regulation in power supply done using integrated circuit voltage regulators.  To /  To prevent changes in the filtered dc voltage/ to fix output dc voltage due to variations in input voltage or load. 2-4 Power Supply Filters And Regulators (cont.) (introduction) 26 In most power supply – 60 Hz ac power line voltage is converted to constant dc voltage. 60Hz pulsating/


Technician License Class Chapter 6 Communicating with Other Hams.

used to describe an amateur station that is transmitting and receiving on the same frequency? A.Full duplex communication B.Diplex communication C.Simplex communication D.Multiplex communication T2B13 -- Which of the following is true of the use of SSB phone in amateur bands above / in a coaxial cable feed line? A.Include a parallel bypass switch for each protector so that it can be switched out of the circuit when running high power B.Include a series switch in the ground line of each protector to prevent /


Energy Division is a worldwide leader all along the power line with innovative solutions from generation to the end user Connecting the World of Electrical.

a comprehensive range of associated equipment. Loadswitch Fuse Combination Units An Introduction The Loadswitch range offers circuit protection for all industrial and commercial applications. Loadswitch exceeds the requirements of BS EN 60947-3 and/. This co-ordinated strategy begins where power and communication lines enter a building and ends with special devices for extremely sensitive or critical equipment. Bowthorpe TVSS Product Range Mains Power Protection Plug-in Surge Protection Modular Distribution/


INTRODUCTION Power Point Presentation on Amateur Radio Transmission Lines and Antennas. By Alton Higgins, W4VFZ Copyrighted © 2013 by Alton Higgins, Hiawassee,

greater “DX” communications than a 1,500 watt (legal limit) transmitter, IF there are “mismatches” in “Impedance” in the 1,500 watt transmitter, along the path of its RF signal! The “Bottom Line” is, what is the ultimate ERP (Effective Radiated Power) at the/ then what do you suppose would happen to the net phase relationship between the Voltage and Current flowing in the circuit? (Refer to the circuit, below.) Hint: Remember which way each device shifts the current phase! The answer: The net current will be/


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