Ppt on power grid failure east

Market Impacts of Energy Storage in a Transmission-Constrained Power System Vilma Virasjoki a, Paula Rocha a,b, Afzal S. Siddiqui b,c, and Ahti Salo a.

failure), and reduces price- differentials (Schill and Kemfert, 2011) Cournot producers typically underuse their storage (Bushnell, 2003) Strategic use of storage, Mixed complementarity problems (MCP) Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions may increase in the presence of both wind power/fees B. Decisions: Power plant and storage operations C. Constraints: Energy balance, generation capacity, ramping, storing  Grid owner:A. Objective:/ of Market Power 16/20 Expected transmission is reversed to flow from east to west /


Introduction of Types Of WTGs With Respect to Grid Interconnection in Pakistan Hassan Jafar Zaidi CEO, Power Planners International Member IEEEPak Seminar.

But Grid Code mentions about Fault Clearance Criteria; – Three phase fault, normal clearing in 5 cycles (100 ms) – Single Phase fault; normal clearance in 5 cycles (100 ms) – 3-ph or 1-ph faults; breaker failure (stuck /East Power Coordinating Council NYISO: New York Independent System Operator Pakistan’s Grid Code and Suitability of Types of WTGs Grid Code Addendum No.1 for wind power requires as follows: – Reactive Power Control & Power Factor = ±0.95 at point of common coupling (PCC) – Active Power/


© Actility – Confidential – Under NDA 1 1 “Smart Grids” – Olivier Hersent.

core © Actility – Confidential – Under NDA 5 AGENDA Introduction Smart Grid key issues Load shifting and demand response Admission control © Actility –/power in their energy mixes, with Eirgrid at 28,8% coming in in 6 th place Germany and Denmark are the leading countries: 50 Hertz (East/Confidential – Under NDA 34 Immediate activation request on participant dashboard  Automatic handling of failures & intra-aggregate reserve power © Actility – Confidential – Under NDA 35 Monitor execution & compliance  TSO /


© 2014 IBM Corporation Simply Powerful – Informix 12.10.xC1 thru xC4 Scott Pickett WW Informix Technical Sales For questions about this presentation, .

Powerful/ features  New SQL  Informix Warehouse Accelerator  HA, ER, SDS, Flexible Grid, Connection Manager  Spatial Enhancements © 2014 IBM Corporation3 Informix Dynamic Server - Autonomic /before reporting a connection failure –INFORMIXCONRETRY Indicates the number of connection attempts to retry before reporting a connection failure  Precedence –Session/ based sharding or expression based sharding 248 Insert Midwest East Coast West Coast Southern Region cdr define shardCollection collection_1 db_1/


High Throughput & Resilient Fabric Deployments on FermiCloud Steven C. Timm Grid & Cloud Services Department Fermilab Work supported by the U.S. Department.

loss, An electrical storm that swept across the East Coast late Friday 29-Jun-20- 12 knocked out power at a Virginia data center run by Amazon / Robotic Tape Libraries (3) Robotic Tape Libraries (3) Fermi Grid Fermi Grid Fermi Cloud Fermi Cloud Fermi Grid Fermi Grid Fermi Cloud Fermi Cloud Disk Servers 20 Gigabit/s L3 Routed /move quickly with machines, Can relaunch virtual machines in surviving building in case of building failure/outage, 24-Sep-2013S. Timm, ISC Cloud 1326 FermiCloud – Network & SAN “Today/


Imageodesy on MPI & GRID for Co-seismic Shift Study Using Satellite Optical Imagery Jian Guo Liu and Jinming Ma Department of Earth Science and Engineering.

an earthquake produces co-seismic displacement while a landslide is characterised by slope failure and mess movement. Remotely sensed imagery data enable detection and measurement of these/ DiscoveryNet workbench. The massive data processing is possible only with advanced algorithms using powerful MPI/GRID computing. Discovery Net a UK e-Science Pilot Project 2. Imageodesy: the /at 09:26:18 UTC, an Ms 8.1 earthquake occurred in the East Kunlun Mountains, along the Kusai Lake segment of Kunlun fault. A 400 km/


Bringing Green Revolution through quality power supply Department of Energy Government of Bihar 17 th May 2013.

based agro economy;  Reduction in failures of agriculture pump-sets due to improved voltage;  Holistic development of rural economy to improve standard of living, quality of life leading to overall socio-economic development;  Uninterrupted power supply to agri-consumers during specified period;  Flattening of load curve in judicious way thereby reducing the cost of power purchase and adherence to Grid discipline;  Improvement in quality/


Enabling Grids for E-science in Europe INFSO 508833 EGEE - An international computing Grid infrastructure By Fabrizio Gagliardi EGEE Project Director CERN.

power and data distributed over the globe The name Grid is chosen by analogy with the electric power grid: plug-in to computing power without worrying where it comes from, like a toaster Enabling Grids for E-science in Europe EGEE Overview and the Future of Grid 4 What is driving grid/, failure analysis and remote/East) MoU signed with South Korea Enabling Grids for E-science in Europe EGEE Overview and the Future of Grid 64 Future of Grid - Summary We have a window of opportunity to turn Grid/


LEARNING POWER SYSTEMS BEYOND CLASS AND CONTROL ROOM

HIS RESCUE Where next? A quarter century ago, Dr. R. Buckminister Fuller proposed interconnecting regional Power System into a single, continuous worldwide Electric Energy Grid as a number one solution to solve many of the worlds pressing problems. While he envisioned creating economical Power Systems, Fuller also saw power grid as the way to reduce human suffering, preserve the environment and make war obsolete. Expanding/


KEEPING THE LIGHTS ON: STRATEGIES FOR COMPATIBILITY AND INTEROPERABILITY IN ELECTRIC POWER NETWORKS SURVIVABILITY OF COMPLEX NETWORKS October 27, 2011.

http://www.wll.comhttp://www.wll.com E1 footprint for a 30kT detonation at 100km altitude east of Chicago (unclassified version) The US power grid is comprised of three interconnected systems, the eastern interconnect, the western, and Texas A /comhttp://www.wll.com SCOPE OF PRESENTATION MODELING THE INTERACTION BETWEEN POWER AND TELECOMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURES FOR A HEMP ATTACK 6 Electromagnetic terrorism and potential infrastructure failures has become an extremely serious matter that may be viewed as /


To the Grid From the Web. From the Web to the Grid – 2007 Why was the Web invented at CERN? Science depends on free access to information and exchange.

Grid is an emerging infrastructure that provides seamless access to computing power and data storage capacity distributed over the globe. From the Web to the Grid – 2007 How did the Grid start? Name “Grid” chosen by analogy with electric power grid (Foster and Kesselman 1997) Vision: plug-in computer for processing power/ flu virus, H5N1. 2000 computers at 60 computer centres in Europe, Russia, Asia and Middle East ran during four weeks in April - the equivalent of 100 years on a single computer. Potential/


August 14, 2003 Blackout Summary Based on Interim Report of the

increase reactive output. The East Lake 5 forced outage causes increased flows into northern Ohio over transmission paths into the area. East Lake 5 Exciter Failure Causes Trip Stuart Atlanta Trip: 2:02 PM In the Dayton Power & Light system about /link breaker status to line status to understand changing conditions. PJM and MISO ineffective procedures and wide grid visibility to coordinate problems affecting their common boundaries Near-Term Industry Actions Responses from Control Areas and Reliability /


1 Joint U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Investigation Interim Report Causes of the August 14 th Blackout in the United States and Canada.

10 What caused the blackout (6) 3) Reliability Coordinators did not provide adequate diagnostic support to compensate for FEs failures. MISOs state estimator failed due to a data error. MISOs flowgate monitoring tool didnt have real- time line information/load was shut off from its usual supply sources to the south and east, and the resulting overloads on the broader grid began an unstoppable cascade that flashed a surge of power across the northeast, with many lines overloading and tripping out of service. /


Smart Grid Initiatives Brendan Herron VP – Corporate Development & Strategy

World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer –2009 VentureBeat Ten Top 10 innovations driving the future of the Smart Grid –Go Green East 2009, –Dow Jones 2008 Ten Most Innovative Clean Tech Companies in Europe –2006 Red Herring’s/ Proprietary and Confidential7 As power factor improved... … load decreased. CURRENT – Successful Deployment at Xcel SmartGridCity™ CURRENT System Optimization Solution successfully implemented. Preliminary Results are exceeding expectations. Improve Grid Operations Enabled several in-/


FermiGrid and FermiCloud Updates Keith Chadwick Grid & Cloud Computing Department Fermilab Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract.

2011 of storage services resulted in actual data loss, An electrical storm that swept across the East Coast late Friday 29-Jun-20- 12 knocked out power at a Virginia data center run by Amazon Web Services. An outage of one of Amazons /is especially important in the event of constrained resources (e.g. during building or network failure). Shelving of “9x5” and “opportunistic” VMs allows us to use FermiCloud resources for Grid worker node VMs during nights and weekends This is part of the draft economic model./


Grid Computing at LHC and ATLAS Data Challenges IMFP-2006 El Escorial, Madrid, Spain. April 4, 2006 Gilbert Poulard (CERN PH-ATC)

millions of different geographical locations.  The Grid is an emerging infrastructure that provides seamless access to computing power and data storage capacity distributed over the globe/rate mass storage to mass storage, > 50% of the nominal LHC data rate  Grid job failure rate 5-10% for most experiments, down from ~30% in 2004  Sustained 10K /Associated Tier-1 Tier-2 or planned Tier-2 % DiskTB%PB% CanadaTRIUMF5.3SARA East T2 Fed. West T2 Fed. FranceCC-IN2P313.5BNL CC-IN2P3 AF GRIFLPCHEP-Beijing /


Asian Energy and Environmental Policy: Promoting Growth while Preserving the Environment ZhongXiang Zhang 张中祥 Senior Fellow, Ph.D in Economics East-West.

517,700 865,000 Major Causes of Environmental Degradation in Asia Market failures Inefficiency in production and use of energy and resources Local governments’ / Take wind power as an example. –Installed wind power capacity: In 1986, the first wind farm in Shandong Province, China, was connected with the electric grid; 1.26/ Responses both at Regional and International Levels [2] Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (12 countries); The Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution/


Networking Algorithms Mani Srivastava UCLA [Project: Dynamic Sensor Nets (ISI-East)]

East)] Outline I. Dynamic location discovery II. Topology management III. Dynamic MAC address assignment I. Dynamic Location Discovery Discovery of absolute and relative location important  Location-based naming and addressing, geographical routing, tracking GPS not enough  LOS-requirements, costly, large, power-hungry Ad hoc precludes trilateration with special high power beacons  also, susceptible to failure/in GAF, 1 node is active in each grid  the grid can be considered a virtual node This virtual /


Fuel-To-Power 10 th June, 2015 Engr. Clement Adeyinka Oke, FNSE, CEng, MIMechE, MIGEM At 2015 Academy Technology Dinner Lecture Lagos The Nigerian Power.

in the west Stranded gas and power in the east Gbarain, Omoku, Calabar Incomplete plants and lack of evacuation Issues Limited power evacuation/delivery to consumers High System Frequency/and provide investments Non payment for services received is a guarantee for failure Contracts must be put in place to guide relationships There is a/of grid capacity and increase single units capacity as the grid grows Government securitization may be required in the early days Attract PPPs to the fuel to power chain /


FermiCloud Update ISGC 2013 Keith Chadwick Grid & Cloud Computing Department Fermilab Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract No.

2011 of storage services resulted in actual data loss, An electrical storm that swept across the East Coast late Friday 29-Jun-20- 12 knocked out power at a Virginia data center run by Amazon Web Services. An outage of one of Amazons /is especially important in the event of constrained resources (e.g. during building or network failure). Shelving of “9x5” and “opportunistic” VMs allows us to use FermiCloud resources for Grid worker node VMs during nights and weekends This is part of the draft economic model./


Keith Tovey M.A., PhD, CEng, MICE Energy Science Director: Low Carbon Innovation Centre School of Environmental Sciences Lay Chairman: Norwich East Deanery.

agriculture changes Regionally/Globally More severe weather droughts; floods; crop failures etc. Participatory/inclusive Partnerships Modes of participation (targets/methods)/ in part from medium to small local/community power plant, fuelled by locally grown biomass, from locally generated /easy installation. They can be easily connected to the Grid and sell surplus electricity while allowing import when no /facing roof slopes. Traditionally most Churches are of an East West aspect with one or more South facing roof /


Electricity Markets 1. Content  Market Overview in Electric Power Systems  Basic Concepts from Economics  Markets for Electrical Energy  Participating.

which dramatically failed in 2000 due to design flaws. 27 US East Coast markets including PJM, ISO New England, and New York /ریزی متمرکز 30 Forces behind the deregulation are –High tariffs and over staffing –global economic crisis –regulatory failure –political and ideological changes –managerial inefficiency –lack of public resources for the future development –technological advancement/ owns and operates the high voltage transmission grid in the power system.  The system operator and the transmission provider can/


CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPMENT OF INDIAN POWER SYSTEM Mr. V. Ramakrishna Member (Power System), CEA.

-urban and Rural areas in most efficient and economical manner.  Linking together contiguous areas to establish ‘Grid Systems’.  Enabled Provincial Govts to set up SEBs for development and administration of ‘Grid Systems’. ConceptEmergenceConsolidation & Integration  STATE GRIDS194850s60s & 70s  REGIONAL GRIDS196470s80s & 90s  NATIONAL GRID19972000-2012 / 2015 TOWARDS NATIONAL POWER GRID Growth in Transmission System 1950 71 81 85 90 92 97 2002 2005 DEVELOPMENT OF INDIAN/


1 Session 2. Synchronous Interconnections (or “Grids”)

Grids”) in North America Synchronous interconnection: a single large machine. Everything’s connected with AC. What happens here affects there. Eastern Interconnection580,000 MW Western Interconnection140,000 MW ERCOT (Texas) 60,000 MW Hydro-Quebec 30,000 MW 10 11 North American Interconnections 12 13 Eastern Interconnection 101 Control Areas Tightly coupled Disturbances propagate Today’s system highly stressed Failures/ NY Central-East voltage collapse limit/power from one point on the grid to another without /


An Overview of the U.S. Electric Power Grid Generation Choices, Reliability, Challenges Tom Ferguson, P.E. Adjunct Instructor Dept. of Electrical Engineering.

U.S. –Eastern U.S. (east of Rockies) –Western U.S. –Texas Nugget #5: All generators in each region are synchronized Putting It All Together “The Grid” = Generators (about 18,000) + HV Transmission Network Why Do the Lights Go Out? –Lightning and high winds –Animals (squirrels, rodents, snakes) –Car and train accidents –Power plant outages –Transmission line failures –Solar storms The high-voltage transmission/


© Mircea Stan, Kevin Skadron, David Brooks, 2002 Overview 1.Motivation (Kevin) 2.Thermal issues (Kevin) 3.Power modeling (David) 4.Thermal management (David)

2002 Architecture-level Thermal Management Dynamically adjust execution to control temperature Avoid catastrophic failure (heat sink, fan) Permit use of less expensive package –Design for / heat x thickness x Area Peripheral node areas Chip Spreader North South East West © Mircea Stan, Kevin Skadron, David Brooks, 2002 Lateral resistances/ calibrated using MICRED test chips –9x9 array of power dissipators and sensors –Compared to HotSpot configured with same grid, package Within 7% for both steady-state and/


The FermiCloud Infrastructure- as-a-Service Facility Steven C. Timm FermiCloud Project Leader Grid & Cloud Computing Department Fermilab Work supported.

loss, An electrical storm that swept across the East Coast late Friday 29-Jun-20- 12 knocked out power at a Virginia data center run by Amazon / Robotic Tape Libraries (3) Robotic Tape Libraries (3) Fermi Grid Fermi Grid Fermi Cloud Fermi Cloud Fermi Grid Fermi Grid Fermi Cloud Fermi Cloud Disk Servers 20 Gigabit/s L3 Routed / volume in place—can relaunch virtual machines in surviving building in case of building failure/outage, Head nodes have independent shared file system based on GFS2/DRBD active/active/


Grid Operations Centre LHCC Comprehensive Review Trevor Daniels, John Gordon 25 Nov 2003.

@rl.ac.uk5 The Vision  GOC Processes and Activities  Coordinating Grid Operations  Defining Service Level Parameters  Monitoring Service Performance Levels  /legal body  GOC will not (be likely to) have any formal powers over Service Providers  GOC will not (be likely to) pay for/ to scheduled up-time Reliability –The mean time to failure  Performance is service-specific; ideas under discussion needs / Eventually there should be 2 more, one in the East and one in the West to provide 24 hour cover,/


Keith Tovey M.A., PhD, CEng, MICE Energy Science Director: Low Carbon Innovation Centre School of Environmental Sciences: University of East Anglia CRed.

will feed local distributed networks, which can sell excess capacity into the grid. - Energy White Paper: February 2003 UK Renewables Obligation > 10.4/Failure of one of these requires much greater backup Localised generation reduces transmission/distribution losses BUT: Arent Renewables unreliable? – we need secure supply The Future Sustainable Technology And Renewability STAR of the EAST An integration of ideas: Awareness about Climate Change and Energy Issues A demonstration integrated Renewable Power/


18 April 2002 Financing the Grid Jonathan Johns, Partner Ernst & Young Renewable Energy Group Broadwalk House, Southernhay West, Exeter, Devon, EX1 1LF.

fields (offshore wind and wave)  Electrolysis injecting hydrogen into gas grids Imagine  Physical trading of green power from the best natural resources to and from the key consumers of/ Environmental Market failure Transcontinetnal highway Summary  Seagrid structure is flexible. It can be tailor made for individual project clusters  Will accelerate development of grid infrastructure and reduce/ in the Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) project finance market and ranked second in the global market/


GRNET: owned fiber in South East Europe ready for e2e lamda services (via GEANT2) Chrysostomos Tziouvaras MSc. GRNET Broadband Infrastructures Development.

15-year IRUs Availability ≥ 99% Monitoring and failure reporting Failure recovery 3 days for repairing terrestrial links 20 days/ GRNET3 clients: A limited number of clients (hereafter called Power Clients – PC) whose traffic is expected to soon overcome/ be installed to Greek cities that host at least one Grid node (Athens, Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklio) 14 Switched circuit/establishing long term sustainability of NREN networks in South East Europe deploying a South-Eastern European Network Operation Centre/


Keith Tovey M.A., PhD, CEng, MICE Energy Science Director: Low Carbon Innovation Centre School of Environmental Sciences: University of East Anglia CRed.

networks, which can sell excess capacity into the grid. - Energy White Paper: February 2003 UK Renewables/Failure of one of these requires much greater backup Localised generation reduces transmission/distribution losses BUT: Arent Renewables unreliable? – we need secure supply Can we Fuel the People using Sustainable Technology? Sustainable Technology And Renewability STAR of the EAST An integration of ideas: Awareness about Climate Change and Energy Issues A demonstration integrated Renewable Power/


REU on Wind Energy Science, Engineering, & Policy Summer 2012 Iowa State University Electric Power Industry Overview, Power System Operation, and Handling.

power marketing agencies; Regulate nuclear power plants (NRC does this); Address reliability problems related to failures of local distribution facilities; Consider tree trimmings near local distribution power lines in residential neighborhoods 5 Organizations comprising the Electric Power/ grid in/power (red) than July; Notice the spatial variability “waves” of wind power move through the entire Eastern Interconnection; red occurs more in the Midwest than in the East Blue~VERY LOW POWER; Red~VERY HIGH POWER/


Lessons Learned Through Evaluation of a Road Construction Failure in Compressible Soils, Lindberg Road Improvement Project, West Lafayette, Indiana Terry.

caused by rapidly placed or overly thick soil fill. (power line poles) April 29, 2002: Second failure occurs on south side of Lindberg Road through marl layer./Pile system not extended for full length of bog yielding sizeable settlement on east side of construction project.  Fall 2005: City re-paves roadway in/ Settlement continues. City monitoring settlement and will drill borings through road to determine grid material and composition of base course. Lessons Learned  More extensive preliminary site /


1 EES, Nicosia 20071Power supply in Europe POWER SUPPLY FOR EUROPE: How Sustainable Can It Be ? Prof. Dr. PETER NOVAK Dean, School of Tehnology and Systems,

the consequences of their actions we have market failure 3.Present development is the greatest market failure the world has ever seen 4.It is/ 10] m/s) 35 EES, Nicosia 2007Power supply in Europe35 PV production NORTH - EAST LIBYA YEARLY AVERAGE: Air temperature: 19,1°C Insulation on 31°tilted surface: 6,18/methanol (liquid) for sustainable energy system 42 Future possible grid connections 43 EES, Nicosia 2007Power supply in Europe43 CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER ECONOMICS Peak capacity factor on 6h basis: 90 -95/


The LHC Computing Grid – February 2008 CERN’s Integration and Certification Services for a Multinational Computing Infrastructure with Independent Developers.

First meeting of the CERN Council 1980 East meets West Visit of a delegation from/new data each year ( 20 Million CDs)  Compute power Event complexity * Nb. events * thousands users  >100 k of (todays) / Deeper code coverage – New functional requirements Less tolerance to failures – Implementation of fail over Emerging standards – Project started /– ~ 20 sites several hundred nodes – Provides access to grid services in previews to interested users. – Evaluate deployment procedures,/


National Grid Local System Plan Needs Assessment/Potential Solutions PAC Meeting September 30, 2009.

list is required to be updated at least annually. National Grid intends to update the posted project list on a semi-annual/. Options: 1. Extend E-1 115 kV line from East Sub. 2. Construct a new 115 kV line from West/alternative was not recommended because it creates a single mode failure for two voltage supplies. Area Reliability Assessment 2012 Install a/Phillips Lane, and Water Street substations in the eastern portion of Brockton Power Supply Area (PSA). Present Layout – Norwell 26 Solutions – Norwell /


Space-Based Solar Power An Opportunity for Strategic Security

Middle East 3% Western Europe 5% Eastern Europe 7% Our Hemisphere (US = 4%) Energy growth tracks w/ population & economic growth Liquid fossil fuels may peak before alternatives come on line causing inability for supply to match demand, shortages & economic shock, instability / state failure, and great power / Available in just 1 km of GEO 50 TW (2050) 30 TW (2025) Annual Energy-to-Grid On-Earth 21 TW assuming 10% Solar-to-Grid of 1 km 15 TW (2007) Annual Oil Production ~8TW-yr Drilling Up: How large is the/


Holding Company for Power Bridge CCGT Business Power Bridge- Africa Power Bridge-ME Power Bridge-SW ASIA Regional Power Bridge CCGT Owner/Operator Regional.

power grid network with George Langworth Director of Energy Giant LLC, HKSAR, formed 2010 to present: Developed the Power / energy generation solution Jerome W. Chalice, Director, Power Bridge-Middle East Education : Matriculated in 1980, Data Processing Diploma/power plants, and cogeneration options small and large; · Thermodynamic analysis of novel power cycles and thermal process design; · Investigation of major equipment failures; · Management of insurance claims in relation to major equipment failures/


The Impact of Ice Nebraska Public Power District 2006-2007.

301 86 –Number of structures damaged 1,136 473 GGS east flow limitation 224 MW 990 MW Communities on Mobile Generators 14 0 More than a dozen public power utilities impacted by storm Contractors on site throughout reconstruction260 -/Prosser, Neb. 36 37 Long-Term Challenges Maintaining electric grid reliability with weakened high-voltage transmission system Reconstructing during winter months (possibility for additional storms) Repairing electric grid in time for irrigation season and peak summer electric /


Green Power Generation

currently provide the most commercially important means of large-scale grid energy storage and improve the daily capacity factor of the /and the rest of the Far East, hydraulically operated "pot wheel" pumps raised water into irrigation canals/hundred and fifty meters and are primarily used for electrical power production The power output ranges from 10 to 750MW, mini-hydro excluded/ of 2002, fluid bearings appear to have a mean time between failures of more than 1300 years. Around 1913, Viktor Kaplan created the/


Chris & Chom Sangarasri Greacen Lopez Library 12 May, 2005 No more surgeries by flashlight solar power for jungle clinics in Burma and other tales of green.

flashlight solar power for jungle clinics in Burma and other tales of green energy from South East Asia. Green Empowerment Palang Thai Palang Thai พลังไท พลัง (palang): n 1. Power. 2. /3-5 months after installation 7% failure) Manufacturing defect –Missing connector in module junction box (1 system) –Diode/Thailands’ installed generating capacity Source: EGAT (2003). Power Development Plan Natural gas lignite Big hydro Fuel oil 0.6% grid-connected renewables TOTAL: 26,000 MW ResourceTechnical potential (/


© 2013 A. Haeberlen, Z. Ives Internet Basics; Faults & Failures; Cloud Platforms NETS 212: Scalable & Cloud Computing Fall 2014 Z. Ives University of Pennsylvania.

vulnerability Machines may be connected to the same power grid, cooled by the same A/C, managed by the same admin... University of Pennsylvania 21 © 2013 A. Haeberlen, Z. Ives Recap: Faults and failures Faults happen all the time Hardware malfunction, /instance run? No easy way to find out - Amazon does not say Instances can be assigned to regions Currently 9 availble: US East (Northern Virginia), US West (Northern California), US West (Oregon), EU (Ireland), Asia/Pacific (Singapore), Asia/Pacific (Sydney), /


Reliable Power Reliable Markets Reliable People 24 Month Reliability Outlook Stakeholder Information Session Tuesday, January 19, 2010 Jerry Mossing and.

Electric System Operator (AESO) System Operations –Direct the reliable operation of Alberta’s power grid Markets –Develop and operate Alberta’s real-time wholesale energy market to facilitate / of peak load Area interchange flow into area (no generation in area) East Edmonton to Nisku to Wabamun to North Calder 138 kV system is voltage and/144 kV system in Fort McMurray area voltage constrained –240 kV double circuit tower failure NW / NE / SE –SW transmission line overloads during high wind generation –138/


Overview 1.Motivation (Kevin) 2.Thermal issues (Kevin) 3.Power modeling (David) 4.Thermal management (David) 5.Optimal DTM (Lev) 6.Clustering (Antonio)

performance loss Architecture-level Thermal Management Dynamically adjust execution to control temperature Avoid catastrophic failure (heat sink, fan) Permit use of less expensive package –Design for / heat x thickness x Area Peripheral node areas Chip Spreader North South East West Lateral resistances Determined by the floorplan and the length of shared /using MICRED test chips –9x9 array of power dissipators and sensors –Compared to HotSpot configured with same grid, package Within 7% for both steady-/


Green Power Generation Lecture 7 Nuclear Power 1.

that no new nuclear power plant was connected to the grid, although two were connected in 2009 Annual generation of nuclear power has been on a /nuclear fusion. 89 Following an earthquake, tsunami, and failure of cooling systems at Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant and issues concerning other nuclear facilities in Japan /DateLocationDescription Cost (in millions 2006 $) [120] [120] December 7, 1975Greifswald, East Germany Electricians error causes fire in the main trough that destroys control lines and five/


Global energy, trends and figures Global energy demand:  will grow by more than 30% over the period to 2035,  China, India and the Middle East accounting.

period to 2035,  China, India and the Middle East accounting for 60% of the increase,  in OECD/tariff changes - strong competition from conventional sources (subsidies) - lack of economic incentives - electric power grid access not guaranteed - political risk considerations - unfavourable project risk profile - inadequate returns for /  know how exchange  access to different case studies ( both successful and failure ones)  synergies – development of joint cross-border, regional projects  selection/


East Midlands HAUC Street Works Training for Administrators

East/Providing for better co-ordination and control of street works Making Authorities’ powers over moving traffic and parking enforcement more effective Street Works Legislation Traffic/ The notice must include the following information; whether the reinstatement is interim or permanent Grid references (centre point <10m,start & end <10m) to 1m accuracy Dimensions of/? Legal requirement to notice our works accurately Fixed Penalty Notices £80/£120 per failure Section 74 charges Cat 0,1 Cat 2 Cat 3,4 (TS) Cat /


© ERLPhase Power Technologies Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Sub harmonic protection relay S-PRO Krish Narendra, P.hD. CTO ERL – Protection, Automation, Control.

line. In addition, a study performed by Xcel Energy also concluded that failure to bypass should be backed up by suitable SSR protection that can recognize/Future installations in a Series Compensated Synchronous generating station in Bahrain in Middle East, and in Mid India to detect SSR issues. More Upgrades Planned by/ oscillations are monitored, and that the electrical grid is protected from any resulting detrimental effects. 28 Conclusions © ERLPhase Power Technologies Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Thank you/


Introduction to Climate Change in the East African Savanna: Supplementary Material to Lesson 1 of the “East Africa Climate Change Curriculum Unit” Available.

.htmhttp://www.unep.org/dewa/Africa/publications/aeo-1/fig2a2.htm Source: UNEP GRID Arendal, 2002 Rainfall and Temperature Changes in Africa Vegetation Greening Up with the / for people, crops, livestock, and electrical power 19742007 14 Drought A long period of dry weather that can cause crop failure. 15 Photo credit: Dwigt Sieggreen Heavy Rains/ Lesson 1, Part 2: How do researchers understand human-environment interaction in the East African savanna? In Part 2, you will learn what researchers look at to /


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