Ppt on potential reuse of plastic waste in road construction

Feasibility Study of Reusing Glass Aggregate From Crushed Cathode-Ray Tubes In Concrete Structures Hinkley Center Presentation 5-15-20091 College of Engineering.

 Proposal:  To study the feasibility to reuse CRTs as fine aggregates &/or cement replacements in concrete.  Premisse: concrete encapsulates CRT metals & reduces leachability to below regulatory limits @ POC  Benefits to the construction industry, to waste disposers &, most importantly, the environment:  Less hazardous wastes going to landfills  Reduced use of raw materials for construction Hinkley Center Presentation 5-15-2009 Metals in CRTs Hinkley Center Presentation 5-15-2009/


1 Lesson 2: Soils and Aggregates CEE 595 Construction Materials Winter Quarter 2008.

Foundation When Not Subject to Frost Action Potential Frost Action GWExcellentNone to Very Slight GPGood /of crushed stone produced in the US in 2003. –Value $8.6 billion –Produced by 1,260 companies from 3,300 operations in 49 states. Leading production states are: Texas, Florida, Pennsylvania, Missouri, Illinois, Georgia, Ohio, North Carolina, Virginia, and California. –How were these aggregates used? 35% was for unspecified uses followed by construction aggregates mostly for highway and road construction/


INTEGRATED SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

from office, shops and markets, restaurants, hotel include high proportion of paper, cardboard, wood, food waste ,glass and plastic. Hospital waste some time include in commercial wastes. Industrial wastes from the manufacturing and the processing industries, construction . proposition of wastes depending on the type of industry. include metal ores, wood, lime, tiles, food waste, special waste and hazardous wastes. Liquid waste include mainly domestic sewage and factory effluents. could be organic and/


Selling Precast in a Green World Sustainability Council Marketing/Sustainability Committee Jim Lewis, RA, LEED AP.

waste or pollution  Minimal site disturbance  Ease of erection in confined spaces  Improve safety on site  No formwork, curing time, weather delays  Speed benefits construction/reuse since the turn of the century  Reduced energy consumption & CO2 emissions by 20% since 1990  Great efforts are being made to create and understand the sustainable potential of/ waste/reject concrete for road base  Reclaim aggregates from washout  Separate rock and sand for restocking  Water processing and reuseWaste /


Ecological Construction Environmental Management Strategies for Major Building Construction Sites College of Architecture Environmental Architecture.

which examines opportunities for waste avoidance reduction, reuse and recycling.  Reduce wastes by selecting, in order of preference, avoidance, reduction, reuse and recycling.  Incorporate waste minimization targets and measures into the environmental management plan. Construction Wastes  Solid inert wastes Solid inert waste found on construction sites usually consists of building rubble, but may also include as demolition material, concrete, bricks, timber, plastic, glass, metals, bitumen, trees/


Water Quality & General Types of Water Pollution.

Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Three Gorges Dam Issues Advantages of construction: Advantages of construction: reduction of coal use in coal fired power stations flood control downstream drought relief better navigation of the river by ships Disadvantages of construction: Disadvantages of construction: submergence of wetlands and agricultural lands loss of endangered plant and animal habitats archaeological sites flooded upstream towns and cities flooded and 1/


Waste Management. What are Wastes? Waste (also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk, litter, and ort) is unwanted or useless materials. In biology,

of untreated waste in seas, rivers and lakes results in the plants and animals that feed on it Waste hierarchy Waste hierarchy refers to 3 Rs Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Waste Minimizing solid waste  Minimizing packaging  Recycleable Paper, plastics,/of taking one in four cars off the road. Benefits of Recycling What is a Hazardous Waste? Hazardous waste is a waste with properties that make it dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment Hazardous waste Ignitability - Ignitable wastes/


State-of-the-art Recycling Technologies for Building Materials in Japan No.1 Cement & Concrete Takafumi NOGUCHI.

in demolished concrete waste Concrete Production Concrete Waste from Buildings Concrete Waste from Civil Structures Production and Waste (million t) 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1950 2000 2050 Year Premature deterioration Ends of their service lives Demolished CONCRETE RECYCLING (5) Reuse of concrete lumps as aggregate for concrete –Enormous amount of concrete lumps generated –Demand for concrete lumps for roads decreasing New road construction gradually decreasing Method of repairing existing roads shifting/


SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE

considerable variability exists between construction sites, there is much opportunity for reducing this waste. Certain components of construction waste such as plasterboard are hazardous once landfilled. Plasterboard is broken down in landfill conditions releasing hydrogen sulfide, a toxic gas. There is the potential to recycle many elements of construction waste. Often roll-off containers are used to transport the waste. Rubble can be crushed and reused in construction projects. Waste wood can also be/


End-of Life Vehicle (ELV) Directive Implementation in Estonia 13.06.2006, Valencia Peeter Eek Director General Waste Department Ministry of the Environment.

other liquids oil and fuel filters air-conditioning system fluid potential explosive components (e.g. air bags) all components identified as containing mercury Regulation of the Minister of the Environment Before the final shredding there should be removed:/ Hard-plastics from ELV (delivered to Asia mainly) Shreddered tyres – recovered mainly as a construction material in road construction Results On 2006 – there was de-registered ca 11 th cars, recovery was ca 82 % Actually is summary of the waste reports /


SOLID WASTE.

away completely May add toxins to soil Never decompose in sanitary landfill People may think littering is OK REDUCE REDUCE Since 1977, the weight of 2-liter plastic soft drink bottles has been reduced from 68 grams each to 51 grams That means that 250 million pounds of plastic per year has been kept out of the waste stream REUSE Reuse/resell things that are still good Auto parts/


Resource Management in the New Millennium Richard V. Anthony.

of Total Market Price per Ton 10$15 Soils…. ….are generated by road and foundation construction /of Operation Jobs per 10,000 TPY Product Reuse Computer reuse296 Textile Reclamation85 Misc. Durable Reuse62 Wooden Pallet Repair28 Recycling-Based Manufacturers25 Paper Mills18 Glass Product Manufacturers26 Plastic Product Manufacturers93 Conventional Materials Recovery Facilities10 Composting4 Landfill and Incineration1 Source: Institute for Local Self-Reliance, Washington DC, 1997; “Wasting and Recycling in/


Presentation downloadable from www.tececo.com 1 Practical Use of Tec and Eco-Cements Our slides are deliberately verbose as most people download and view.

Potential for More Sustainable Construction Materials  Reducing the impact of the take and waste phases of the techno-process. –including carbon in materials they are potentially carbon sinks. –including wastes/to Loss of Water Drying Shrinkage Plastic Shrinkage /roads Presentation downloadable from www.tececo.com 102 Rosendale Concretes – Proof of Durability  Rosendale cements contained 14 – 30% MgO  A major structure built with Rosendale cements commenced in 1846 was Fort Jefferson near key west in/


Solid, Hazardous, and Toxic Waste RHHS Environmental Sciences Mr. Bhatia pp.529-548.

we all produce. This includes garbage and yard wastes to industrial, commercial, and construction waste. THE CYCLE: Starts from putting the trash and recycling for pickup to landfilling, energy production and the reuse of recycled materials. Lets Follow the Journey! Recycle Materials you recycle go to the Recycling Facility Disposal Materials you place in the trash go to Waste-To-Energy (energy recovery) Facility Recycling Facility Collection/


Cultivating Students Understanding of Environmental Sustainability Through St. Franciss Greening of the Campus Project Adapted from the Oxford Round Table.

energy sources such as coal and natural gas. Final Message Like the road to heaven, cultivating students interest in Environmental Sustainability, is always under Construction… Acknowledgements USF Council for Environmental Awareness (CEA) Club USF Greening of Campus Committee (GCC) P3 Team USF Operations and Facilities Management Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity Grant (DCEO) Solid Waste Solutions, Inc. (SWS) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Illinois Institute/


Job Creation in the R 3 Industry Nancey Green Leigh, PhD, FAICP Professor and PhD Program Director School of City and Regional Planning Georgia Institute.

-firm connection of small- and medium-size recycling firms by supply chain linkage Private collectors and processors which are typically registered in state-level recycling programs process e-waste. Demand Condition and Potential Market Outlet Reclaimed Nylon 6, carpet padding, plastic part in auto, pallet, building material, and pellet Wood: waste-to-energy conversion, reuse, engineering wood product, mulch Aggregate: sub-base in road construction, alternative daily cover in landfill, aggregate in concrete/


APES Review 2013. Producers: Basic Source of All Food Most producers capture sunlight to produce carbohydrates by photosynthesis:

into the soil and underlying aquifers. –Open dumps: are fields or holes in the ground where garbage is deposited and sometimes covered with soil. Mostly used in developing countries. –Sanitary landfills: solid wastes are spread out in thin layers, compacted and covered daily with a fresh layer of clay or plastic foam. HAZARDOUS WASTE Hazardous waste: is any discarded solid or liquid material that is toxic, ignitable, corrosive/


Chapter 29: Waste Management. Early Concepts of Waste Disposal Start of Industrial Revolution, the volume of waste produced in the US was relatively small.

process produces an ash residue, which must then be disposed of in a landfill. Ocean Dumping Oceans have long been dumping grounds for many types of waste, including industrial waste, construction debris, urban sewage, and plastics Many locations in the world’s oceans are –Accumulating pollution continuously –Have intermittent pollution problems –Or have potential for pollution from ships in the major shipping lanes Ocean Dumping Marine pollution has a variety/


Chapter 30 Waste Management. Early Waste Disposal First part of Industrial Revolution: not much waste – relatively small “Dilute and Disperse” Factories.

Application Surface Impoundment Deep-Well Disposal Love Canal Integrated Waste mgmt Major classes of hazardous waste Alternatives to Hazardous Waste Source reduction, Recycling and resources recovery, Treatment, Incineration Advantages –Chemicals can be reused –Less toxic = less problems –Smaller volume of waste –Less stress of waste disposal sites Ocean Dumping Types of Waste –Dredge spoils –Industrial wastes –Sewage sludge –Construction debris –Solid waste The most seriously affected areas are near shore


Chapter 30: Waste Management. Early Concepts of Waste Disposal Start of Industrial Revolution, the volume of waste produced in the US was relatively small.

process produces an ash residue, which must then be disposed of in a landfill. Ocean Dumping Oceans have long been dumping grounds for many types of waste, including industrial waste, construction debris, urban sewage, and plastics Many locations in the world’s oceans are – Accumulating pollution continuously – Have intermittent pollution problems – Or have potential for pollution from ships in the major shipping lanes Ocean Dumping Marine pollution has a variety/


LAND & WATER RESOURCES. Abuse of the Land Tragedy of the Commons Deforestation Provide fuel & building materials, space for growing food, cash crops or.

= lands whose reuse or development are complicated by the presence of hazardous materials Two events spurred creation of Superfund legislation In Love Canal, Niagara Falls, New York, families were evacuated after buried toxic chemicals rose to the surface, contaminating homes and an elementary school In Times Beach, Missouri, the entire town was evacuated after being contaminated with dioxin from waste oil sprayed on roads The Superfund process/


Chapter 22 Topics:  Types of waste  Managing waste  Conventional waste disposal  Management tools  Industrial solid waste management  Managing hazardous.

when bacteria decompose waste in a landfill’s oxygen-deficient  A mix of gases that consists of 50% methane  Can be collected, processed, and used like natural gas  When not used commercially, landfill gas is burned off to reduce odors and greenhouse emissions Incineration  Incineration = a controlled process that burns garbage at very high temperatures  Incineration reduces the volume of waste  Incineration in specially constructed faculties can be/


1 Chapter 13 Solid & Hazardous Waste. 2 Outline: Solid Waste Waste Disposal Methods Shrinking the Waste Stream  Recycling Hazardous and Toxic Wastes.

Burn Garbage Incinerator 22 Incinerator Cost and Safety Initial construction costs are usually between $100 and $300 million/potential because of pollution concerns.  Up to one-third of all commercial industrial sites in urban core of many big cities fall into this category. - In many cases, property owners complain that unreasonably high purity levels are demanded in remediation programs. 42 Hazardous Waste Management Options Produce Less Waste  Avoid creating wastes in the first place  Recycle and Reuse/


International Module W505 Control of Hazardous Substances

the white panels in the ceiling. The air is then extracted at ground level via the stainless steel panels.   A clear plastic sheet with integral gloves forms containment which augments the downflow booth. Source: GSK – reproduced with permission Other Considerations Control of Waste and Emissions Any materials which are removed from a containment system, whether they are products or waste products have the potential to be/


The Innovation for Green Economy and Society

Concentrate measures for low-carbon infrastructure development  -Build ring road system for three large urban areas and resolve missing links  -Charging infrastructure to avoid idling in ports for ships Resource power Developing institutions for correcting old mobile phone (100 million mobiles = 3 tons of gold) → urban mining Promoting waste plastic recycling (attempt to achieve a recycle rate of at least 90% by 2020) Entering world water/


California Department of Public Health Vector-Borne Disease Section

Chapter 10, slide 1/30 Chapter 10 Table of Contents Introduction Classification of hazardous wastes Origin of hazardous wastes in vector control Proper management of hazardous wastes Pesticides not classified as hazardous wastes Proper transportation of hazardous wastes Proper disposal of hazardous wastes Chapter 10, slide 2/30 INTRODUCTION: PESTICIDES AS HAZARDOUS WASTES Hazardous wastes are wastes with properties that make them dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. Some/


Sustainable Use of Steel Slag in North America

I II III IV V 2.Winter anti-skid for roads x 3.Residential driveway for automobile 4.Other residential uses 5.Construction on municipal land 6.Construction on commercial or industrial land 7.Coating for landfill sites 8.Sandblast aggregate 9.Railroad Ballast The reuse of SS dismantled from a structure shall be done in accordance with those one Slag sales scale ticket Usage permitted/


February 2008Dr. Helmut Schnurer1 Waste Management in Germany Dr.-Ing. Helmut Schnurer Deputy Director General from 1985 until 2006 Head of Waste Management.

) Good results for demolition waste, very good results for road excavation waste and poor results for mixed wastes from construction sites Results in 2002 (last year of data evaluation): Total amount of waste from construction industry (all kinds): 214 mill t, recycling 186 mill  reuse and recycling rate of 87 % Total amount of demolition, construction and road excavation waste was 73 mill from which 51 mill t of secondary construction material was produced  recycling rate of 70% Increasing problems/


Pollution UnitPollution Unit Chapter 18: Air Pollution Chapter 20: Water Pollution Chapter 21: Solid and Hazardous Waste.

and nitric acid – cars and coal burning power plants, fertilizers and animal wastes.  Sulfur dioxides and sulfuric acid – burning sulfur containing coal, oil refining and smelting of sulfide ores. Types of PollutantsTypes of Pollutants  Particulates – suspended particulate matter (SPM) – dust, wildfires, sea salt, coal burning, cars, plowed fields, road construction, unpaved roads, smoke.  Ozone – O 3 in photochemical smog, causes breathing problems, aggravates lung and heart disease, reduces/


IMND-MEA-PWE (301) 677-9185 / ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY CONTROL COMMITTEE 10 May2012 Directorate of Public Works Environmental.

of our sustainability efforts, Picerne installed an environmentally-friendly playground at Clark Road in the newly constructed Meuse Forest Community. More than 75% of the entire play structure is made of recycled plastic/reuse for mulching in native areas Property Management Highlights IMNE-MEA-PWE (301) 677-9185 / 10 May 2012 Environmental Quality Control Committee (EQCC) Community Recycling Program –Trash Compactor Stations and neighborhood collection sites are serviced by Republic Waste/ Potential /


1 FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION S ustainable and C leaner Production in the Manufacturing I ndustries of Pak istan SCI-Pak Mar 2009- Feb 2012.

Recent Trend of Waste Management A different philosophy has emerged in recent times, that of waste prevention and reduction. Now we ask how can we prevent the generation of this waste? How can we reduce this waste? Can we reuse, recycle or recover this waste? 6 How You Can Manage Your Waste In order to prevent or reduce waste generation you need to examine your process to identify the origins of wastes, the potential problems associated/


UNC Superfund Basic Research Program Research Translation Core Dana Haine, Science Educator What’s in the Water? Funded by the National Institute of Environmental.

Construction Completion Construction Completion NPL Deletion NPL Deletion Site Reuse/Redevelopment Site Reuse/Redevelopment =Clean-Up 2007 Priority List of Hazardous Substances 1. ARSENIC 2. LEAD 3. MERCURY 4. VINYL CHLORIDE 5. POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS 6. BENZENE 7. CADMIUM 8. POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS These substances are most commonly found at facilities on the National Priorities List (NPL) and which are determined to pose the most significant potential/


Pollution 25-30% of your APES Exam. Air Pollution Primary pollutants are emitted directly into the air from natural sources such as volcanoes, mobile.

high vapor pressure) BioreactorsGroundwater is acted upon by microorganisms Constructed WetlandsUses natural geochemical and biological processes that parallel natural wetlands. Also known as living machines Deep-Well InjectionsUses injection wells to place treated or untreated liquid waste into geological formations that do not pose a potential risk to groundwater Enhanced bioremediation The natural rate of bioremediation is enhanced by adding oxygen and nutrients into/


Pesticide Application & Safety Training for Applicators of Public Health Pesticides California Department of Public Health Vector-Borne Disease Section.

10, slide 1/30 Chapter 10: Pesticides as Hazardous Wastes Introduction Classification of hazardous wastes Origin of hazardous wastes in vector control Proper management of hazardous wastes Pesticides not classified as hazardous wastes Proper transportation of hazardous wastes Proper disposal of hazardous wastes Chapter 10, slide 2/30 Chapter 10 Table of Contents Hazardous wastes are wastes with properties that make them dangerous or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. Some pesticides/


The Environment. Bellringer: NCFE Fall 2014 #16 12/9/15 Which change would best aid a farmer in making the transition from conventional farming techniques.

.youtube.com/watch?v=SxYYZU1cOoE Oil Drilling Extracting Crude Oil **Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Impact of implementing using Case studies Data collection/analysis Model development **Reduce, Reuse, Recycle List ten ways that you are currently reducing, reusing, and recycling. Plastic Waste You tube Ways to reduce plastic waste Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Ecology study of relationships among biotic and abiotic factors in the environment Factors that determine interactions Biotic – living Abiotic – non/


Partners Meeting ZeroWIN Southampton, July 2010 Page 1 Construction Partners Presentation Work Package 6 CS4, CS5, CS6, CS7 & CS8 Remade South East, Bauserve,

rate (UK average 55%) Only 9 tonnes of waste sent to landfill Almost 900 tonnes of waste reused or recycled 99% reuse/recycling rate Partners Meeting ZeroWIN Southampton, July 2010 Page 18 Work package 6 | Case Study 6 Partners Meeting ZeroWIN Southampton, July 2010 Page 19 Project I Refurbishment of the Deutsche Bank headquarter in Frankfurt am Main Project II New Construction: still open Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region Work/


European Environmental Law Lectures at Lomonossow University, Moscow 21-25 April, 2013 Professor Gerd Winter University of Bremen, Germany.

, 34, 45, 49, 56, 63) => increase of pollution from production, products, waste, transportation Encouragement of construction of infrastructure (roads, ports, airports, 170, energy networks, 194); support for industrialisation of agriculture, 39 => loss of biodiversity Two modes of environmental regulation Negative integration: –environmental regulation by MS –EU check whether reasonable or disguised protectionism (eg Art. 34, 36 TFEU) –Decision taken by courts in treaty infringement procedure or individual/


CONSTRUCTION WASTE RECYCLING Guided by Presented by Lija.M.Paul Anil Joseph Lecturer,CivilS7 Civil SNGCE Roll No:5 SNGCE.

adopted burning of waste plastic at high temperature and turning them in to ultra fine particles, known as man made soil. Timber Timber waste from construction and demolition works is produced in large quantity all over the world. Whole timber arising from construction and demolition works can be utilized easily and directly for reused in other construction projects after cleaning, denailing and sizing. BARRIERS IN PROMOTING USE OF RECYCLED MATERIALS Lack of appropriately located/


Drew University Summer College 2016 SIT IN TEAMS OF 4 “What Color is the Future? An Introduction to Green(er) Chemistry” Alan Mark Rosan, Chemistry.

(1.9 lb Cr, 1.36 lb As, 0.74 lb Cu) Potential Risks Associated with PTW Arsenic leaching from PTW Ingestion from contact with PTW Risk to workers in the production of PTW Waste generated from PTW production Disposal of PTW (burned, mulched) Hazards associated with transportation, production, use and disposal of CCA components http://www.cnn.com/2001/HEALTH/parenting/05/23/arsenic.playgrounds/


Question of the Day Of the following, which is the best example of a point source of water pollution? Factory effluent Storm water Acid precipitation Agricultural.

pathogens Fecal Coliform Bacteria Test Fecal Coliform Bacteria Test Indicator for potentially harmful water Indicator for potentially harmful water Found in the intestines of humans and mammals Found in the intestines of humans and mammals Ex. Escherichia coli (E. Coli) Ex. Escherichia coli (E. Coli) Indicates that human waste is in the water. Indicates that human waste is in the water. Case Study: India’s Ganges River: Religion, Poverty, and/


John Harrison Presentation AASMIC Conference

Little advantage is taken of pozzolanic wastes except in Europe, Asia and the USA. There is currently a trend back to the use of lime for mortars mainly for the plasticity introduced to mixes. With the advent of carbon taxes there could be/ enabling fuel savings during distribution. Buildings constructed with all but the strongest lime and eco-cements can also easily be altered and recovered masonry reused or in the case of eco-cement blocks, recycled. In contrast bricks held together with Portland cement/


Pervious Pavement “We cant solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them." Albert Einstein. Pervious Pavements are a.

development commonly referred to as evolution. A reoccurring theme in natural systems is the cyclical flow of matter in such a way that there is no waste of matter and very little of energy. Geomimicry is a natural extension of biomimicry and applies to geological rather than living processes We can learn from nature about how we should construct roads Pervious Concrete Pavement - Addressing the Issues Pervious pavement is/


Committed for Clean Environment

meet the stipulated norms Adoption of cast house slag granulation system for 100% granulation of slag and reduction of water consumption Use of BF slag as resources in Cement making, civil engineering, road construction Incorporation of technologies for injecting pulverized coal (+200 kg/thm), used oil (100 kg/thm), Natural gas (100 kg/thm) Use of tar free runner lining, reducing agent such as waste plastics granules injection for reducing coke/


CH. 13. Solid-Waste Management 13.1. Introduction SOLID WASTE Definition Categories Examples Municipal solid waste (MSW) 70 % of MSW (valuable material.

wastes, yard/garden wastes, paper, plastic, glass, metal, household hazardous wastes 30-50% CommercialStores, restaurants, office buildings, motels, auto repair shops, small business Same as above but more variable from source to source. Small quantities of specific hazardous wastes. 30-50% InstitutionalSchools, hospitals, prisons, military bases, nursing homes Same as above; variable composition between sources. 2-5% Construction/ demolition Building construction or demolition sites, road construction/


South Asian City Conference | Constructing the Right to the City, Karachi, 11 January 2014Prof. Spiro N. Pollalis, Harvard University Planning Sustainable.

the 7 infrastructure systems: landscape, energy, water, solid waste, transportation, information and food, to address sustainability issues in the scale of both the city and the neighborhood. Integrated infrastructure systems are key for a high sustainability performance. As a result, customized actions to DCK’s needs, potentials and goals were chosen for implementation during planning, construction and operation phases. SUSTAINABLE OBJECTIVES & GUIDELINES PROPOSED ACTIONS Customized/


AASHE 2010 CAMPUS SUSTAINABILITY AS A DRIVER OF SOCIAL JUSTICE.

Waste Manager for Harvard University –Oversees waste reduction, reuse, recycling, composting and disposal for most of the campus Serves on the Steering Committees for CURC (College & University Recycling Council), RecycleMania, and the Institution Recycling Network Harvard’s recycling rate has grown from 5% in 1989 to 55% in 2010 and reduction in per capita trash generation by 30% during the same period Rob hopes to further increase reuse of/


Biomass / Waste Incineration

sustainable Reduce Toxics Use Reduction Reduce amounts of toxic chemicals in production Replace toxic chemicals with less toxic or non-toxic alternatives Consumption Reduction Use less Buy less (reduce advertising) Buy stuff with less packaging Avoid disposables & non-recyclables Packaging Reduction includes styrofoam bans and single-use paper/plastic bag bans and taxes Zero Waste Hierarchy (2/6) Reuse/Repair Thrift stores Charity collections Dumpster/


Hi-tech Textile TE-402. Books Handbook of Technical Textiles Edited by A R Horrocks and S C Anand Technical Textiles by William C Smith Specifying Technical.

Civil engineering and building industry are an integral part of the development of human society as they involve the planning, design, building, operation and maintenance of infrastructure. The venturing of technical textiles or high-performance textiles in this sector has given a great impetus to the quality of construction. These textiles are used in the construction of buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels and roads and collectively comprise the “Buildtech” sector. They offer/


Soil Pollution Soil is a thin covering over the land consisting of a mixture of minerals, organic material, living organisms, air and water that together.

minimal packaging, avoid buying disposable items and also avoid asking for plastic carry bags. 2) Recycling of materials: is reusing some components of the waste that may have some economic value. Metal, paper, glass and plastics are recyclable. Mining of new aluminum is expensive and hence recycled aluminum has a strong market and plays a significant role in the aluminum industry. Paper recycling can also help preserve forests/


1 7th Colloquium of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Wuhan, China ---------------------------------------------- Water / Freshwater Resources: Law,

and a potential trigger of conflict," PM Lee Hsien Loong said – Water Summit in Singapore. (/construction of wells, tank…likely to be used for drinking, domestic or other purposes) EPH (Toxic Industrial Waste) Regulations Lists the categories of toxic industrial waste subject to specific legislated controls,eg protection of/of ensuring adequate supply of water at affordable cost : Yield maximization and diversification of water resources; Reclamation and reuse of water; proper treatment and disposal of/


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