Ppt on political parties and electoral process lesson

Main lessons of regional election campaigns of 2013. Trends and corridors of opportunities for political players in 2014-2015. Evgeny Golubevs report.

and party rehabilitation in the opinion of voters of the power for future elections. 4 Features of the elective campaigns of 2013.  Elections of September 8 differed in :  Keen interest of all participants of political process in elections;  Concentration of the UR resources for receiving the greatest possible result (rehabilitation before the voter);  Rigid administration of electoral commissions and/ opposition could consider all lessons of the previous election campaigns and really could unite round /


GOVT 2301 Political Parties. This week we come to terms with political parties, their design, evolution and impact on government.

are held. Here’s the point: Over the previous 150 years, the two parties have effectively controlled the electoral process across the nation down to the precinct level. This gives them a large degree of power and control over the political process. Some related readings on the importance of the precinct: - A Ten Minute Lesson. - Is the Precinct Committeeman the most powerful office in the nation? - The/


Democratic Deficit: Parliamentary Reform + Electoral Reform don`t forget … Party Reform & Citizen Engagement Carolyn Bennett, M.P. Fair Vote Canada AGM.

% 2006 65% 2008 59.1% CYNICISM www.carolynbennett.ca3 Rx for Democratic Deficit Democracy BETWEEN elections Party Reform Parliamentary Reform Electoral Reform “Good public policy is developed when the policy-makers can keep in their mind’s eye the/wkend schedule problem for many No communication budget Lessons learned from Ontario Without a more transparent/democratic process within the political parties….. Cdns won’t go for a blended system where the political parties choose the ‘topped up’ MPP’s Referenda /


GOVT 2305 Political Parties. This week we come to terms with political parties, their design, evolution and impact on government.

are held. Here’s the point: Over the previous 150 years, the two parties have effectively controlled the electoral process across the nation down to the precinct level. This gives them a large degree of power and control over the political process. Some related readings on the importance of the precinct: - A Ten Minute Lesson. - Is the Precinct Committeeman the most powerful office in the nation? - The/


The BC Citizens’ Assembly on Electoral Reform An Innovative Exercise in Citizen Decision-Making 18 October 2010 R. Kenneth Carty The University of British.

given their conflict of interest  Challenged Citizens to determine how to organize their common political life by deciding what sort of electoral system they needed and wanted  A leap in the dark It had never been done before but... / two time zones  2-party Westminster politics FPTP electoral system The Citizens’ Assembly Story 1. What was the BC Citizens’ Assembly mandate & membership 2. How did it operate 3. Why did the process work 4. The basis for Assembly success 5. What lessons can we learn 6. Can/


Www.covenantuniversity.edu.ng Raising a new Generation of Leaders GLOBAL BEST PRACTICE IN DIGITAL ELECTORAL PROCESS: The Experience of South-East African.

and unique VIN code to all prospective voters.  Parties Profiling of relevant information on political parties and their candidates for elective offices. 21 www.covenantuniversity.edu.ng Digital Electoral Process Cont’d eRegistration 22 www.covenantuniversity.edu.ng Digital Electoral Processes/;  Equipment malfunction;  Poorly implemented security;  Election rigging; 35 www.covenantuniversity.edu.ng Lessons from Countries Cont’d 3.India This is the largest democracy.  Most of the populace are/


Chapter 6: The Executive Branch. Objectives: Explain essential Characteristics of the political system of the United States, including the organization.

the United States, including the organization and functions of political parties and the process of selecting political leaders. Chapter 6: The Executive Branch Essential Question: What is required of leaders? Lesson 1: The President and Vice President Objective: Compare changes in social and economic conditions in the United States during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Lesson 1: The President and Vice President Vocabulary: 1.Elector 2.Display 3.Outcome 4.Resign Link/


Civics End-of-Course Exam Review Pay attention and take notes!!!

- required the unanimous approval of all 13 states Amendment process that requires ¾ of the states to agree, but not/ELECTORAL COLLEGE http://ed.ted.com/lessons/does-your-vote- count-the-electoral-college-explained- christina-greer http://ed.ted.com/lessons/does-your-vote- count-the-electoral-college-explained- christina-greer Let’s Review! http://www.flocabulary.com/political-parties/ How does the Media Impact Government? What does it mean that the media is a “watchdog”? The media watches government and/


The Role of EMBs and Political Parties in Between Elections: The Case of Malawi Kizito Tenthani Executive Director Centre for Multiparty Democracy Malawi.

to dialogue To lead a process of an objective audit and evaluation of previous elections and ensure that a roadmap is created for implementing the lessons learnt (e.g. elections in both 2004 and 2009 we deemed free and unfair!) Cleaning the voters register Discussing with Political parties and Civil Society on Parallel Voter Tabulation Defining the role of, and train security agents in electoral related matters Leveling the playing field/


PRESIDENTIAL DEMAGOGUERY AND THE CHALLENGE OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC BY SULEIMAN M. BARNABAS DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY COVENANT.

 enduring capacity for credible electoral process  separation of powers  respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms  and, the transparency and accountability of a responsible civil service, functioning at both the national and local levels (Ake, 2001;/Democratic Party, his political party, in such a way that amounted to imposition of candidates on the party, and taking extremely punitive and intimidating stance against uncompromising party members iii.Intimidating pronouncements about electoral /


India’s liberal political strategy II: 2014 and beyond Background and draft agenda Draft slides Version 0.5, 20 July 2014.

” to their poverty-stricken praja…  Unfortunately, some individuals and even political parties like to perpetuate the mentality of “maai- baap”, with the old Rajas and Maharajas displaced by new Rajas and Maharajas (ministers, politicians, sahibs, babus…)  this 500-600 years of being slaves is so tough to get out of our genes, our "traditions" and our thinking process.  Not all is lost in India, as this interaction/


Government and Politics in Israel: Basic Overview Dr. Maoz Rosenthal© The Political Science Department Binghamton University (SUNY)

s Public Opinion and Social Cleavages Political Players: Political parties Political Institutions: (non) Constitution, Courts, Electoral Method (and behavior), Parliament Political Coalitions and Policy: Israel’s Crisis of Governance What is the value of studying a case of a distant and different country? (/ a new coalition (constructive vote of no-confidence). This starts the coalition formation process again. If the process fails new elections are called. If the Prime Minister resigns (or is declared as /


Women and decision – making in post-conflict transitions Case Studies from Timor Leste and the Solomon Islands Sherrill Whittington Consultant Gender,

be developed with mechanisms and processes agreed to and supported by multi and bilateral actors; Regional fund should be established to train and support potential women candidates, and to provide civic and electoral education ; Conclusions and Recommendations Good practices and lessons learned should be collated and incorporated into training and resource packages, with expertise available to provide immediate assistance to women decision-makers and those aspiring to political office; There should not/


The Politics of Party Coalitions in Africa Edited by Denis Kadima.

and Lessons Impact of Party Coalitions on the Political System Nation-Building Ideological Harmony Party System Political Parties –From provincial parties/leaders to national partiesPolitical risks Excessive caution by SA parties (ID’s stance; ANC-DA at LG level) Coalitions and Women’s Representation –Hypothesis –No strong correlation between party alliance and women’s political under-representation –3 main factors influencing women’s representation (type of electoral system, party quota system, party/


PowerPoint Supplement Richard P. Farkas, DePaul University

Electoral Participation Who? logic? reasoning? “paradox of voting” no one who is sensible should vote How much is “best?” comparing … Bases for choices: long vs. short term party, race, gender, age, region, language, ethnicity, economic role, other ? Examples Text: Israel Nigeria Others worth investigating: Bosnia Iraq Mexico A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics Chapter 11 Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics Political Parties/ process testing/ evident and frequent in ? Lessons of /


DOES MY VOTE COUNT? A presentation on the electoral college system in the United States. Presented by the QuaSR Center At the Evergreen.

from the November general election dictate which political party’s electors are chosen to vote in the electoral college in December; therefore, in Washington State for example, if the popular vote is Republican, than the eleven republican-party affiliated electors would vote Republican and the Democratic-party affiliated electors would not vote and vise-versa should the popular vote be Democratic. The electoral college election process was established…. as a result of/


Institutions of Government: Bureaucracy and the Judiciary

the method is effective. No electoral payoff/Political ramifications Oversight is labor intensive/hard/ usage Speech Litigation CONTROLLING THE BUREAUCRACY Lesson 34 CONTROLLING THE BUREAUCRACY CONTROLLING THE/and sends a recommendation to Senate floor for approval or rejection Senate Simple majority vote needed for confirmation FACTORS AFFECTING SELECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES Political parties Judges are generally from the same political party/case for its review The certiorari process enables the SC to control /


Political Science 326 California Government in Comparative Perspective.

Proposition 187 denying services to illegal immigrants). Initiative Process - 8 H. The passage of Proposition 13/Political Polarization 1. Cohesion within each party has increased and the distance between the parties has widened. Legislature - 3 2. Chamber of Commerce Scores: All Democrats 0% - 20% All Republicans 80%-100% 3. Reasons: a. Party electoral/and low-income groups. First, make it easier for workers to unionize. Reasons for Policy Change Over the Past 40 Years - 12 Canada offers a compelling lesson/


Democracy and Political Participation. A definition of Democracy Abraham Lincoln defined democracy in three ways… Government of the People Government.

and be active in a political party Evidence for a decline in political participation? Falling turnout in elections from 76% 1979 to 65.2% 2010 with 59.4% 2005 (lowest since the Coupon Election 1918). These figures are for general elections, turnout for local elections far lower. Decline in party membership from 4.12% electorate/lessons- but another form of PSHE. Only applies to the state sector. Electoral reform- introduce alternative electoral/genuine signatures required for the process to go ahead- in /


Lessons from Dutch Citizen Forum Electoral System Novum Forum Slovenia, November 5 th 2009 Ivo Hartman.

each other sessions -Lessons, lectures on varieties of electoral systems and their political consequences by well known political scientists -Debates in workshops on pro and cons of different electoral systems -Debates and decision making on conclusions -Formulating final recommendations to Home minister Activities and facilities - 8 regional debates on electoral change open to all citizens, attended by members of Forum - internet debate on Forum website - group processes coached by professional social/


THE EVOLUTION OF THE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATING PROCESS N. R. Miller.

in composition and process. The Party-Dominant System (1832-1908) The Mixed System (1912-1968) The Candidate-Dominant System (1972-present) James W. Ceaser, Presidential Selection: Theory and Development, 1979 Three readings (Bryce, 1888; Heclo, 1972; King, 1981), one pertaining to each system. The Party-Dominant System Party organization is based on –state and local political machines that are hierarchical, patronage-based, and controlled party leaders ("bosses"). Presidential (and other) party nominations/


AP Govt Review1 AP American Government and Politics Review.

and also begins platform development. (2).Primaries Electoral event that weeds out the candidates, not parties...you can win w/o party/parties... and Jesse is only 1 governor of 50 (2) Two Big Parties have organization... (3) Two Big parties can moderate views to enhance voters. AP Govt Review66 E. Elections Legitimizing the political process 1. Elections provide for: a. Institutionalizing the political process. All forms of political participation can end here.., Voting - b. Access to political/ Lessoning of/


©2012 DataWORKS Educational Research EDI Lesson Plan Template for TEACHER-CREATED lessons. Today, students will be able to describe how the arguments over.

election in 1796, however, it was clear that political parties had become part of the election process. The Republicans supported Thomas Jefferson for president that year. His support came mainly from farmers in the South and West. The Federalists supported John Adams, who appealed to lawyers, merchants, ship owners, and businesspeople in the North. When the electoral votes were counted, John Adams was elected president by/


11 Master of Business Administration Module Module Culture & Politics: International Politics Prof. Dr. Uwe HOLTZ 28 / 29 November 2014.

grouped in five different categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, functioning of government, political participation, and political culture. [5] [5]/and-the-challenges-of.pdfhttp://www.cmi.no/publications/file/2761-democratisations- third-wave-and-the-challenges-of.pdf Democracy assistance: Lessons learned and remaining challenges.....................23 3.2 Forms of democracy assistance 3.2.1 Electoral assistance..................................... 3.2.2 Assistance to political parties/


46 Lesson 18 Lesson 18 47.

perform a duty.) They expected that each state would choose electors from among its leading citizens. However, today, each political party elects the electors for its candidate. So, rather than “leading citizens” making the final choice of President and Vice President, that decision is made by whoever each party chooses. Some Americans want to abolish the Electoral College. They say that the people should elect the President/


Today’s Agenda Any Announcements? Any Questions? Today we will discuss our nation’s two major political parties, their history, their stance on the issues.

by political parties and how the parties impact election outcomes and federal policies. Student understanding of the terms electoral process, political parties, Democrat, Republican, conservative and liberal. Objective In this lesson TSW examine why we have a two-party system. TSW examine what role parties play in the political process. TSW then consider the differences between the Democrat and Republican parties. US Government’s Two Party System Republicans vs Democrats What is a Political Party? Political/


Electoral College Issues Explored through Mathematics and Data Analysis NCSS San Diego December 1, 2007 Dr. Tim Fry Washburn University Topeka, KS

Studies and Mathematics,” Law Wise, September 2004 “Lesson Plan #1: The Electoral College Game,” Law Wise, September 2004 http://www.kscourts.org/lawwise/sep2004.htm#math Electoral College/political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system and political stability ---diffficult for minor party to win enough popular votes to get electoral votes--forces fringe or extreme ideas to the middle and also sometimes forces majority parties to adopt new ideas to maintain support--assimilation process/


Institutions of Government: Bureaucracy and the Judiciary

Policy Process – (12.6) Citizens and Public Policy Lesson 35 396-406 (12.5) The Public Policy Process – (12.6) Citizens and Public /political activity Bureaucrats can vote and assist in voter registration contribute money to campaigns campaign off duty hold elected office in political parties Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius with violating the Hatch Act by making a political/WHY the method is effective. No electoral payoff/Political ramifications Oversight is labor intensive/hard work/


Jacksonian Democracy Chapter 11, Lesson 1.

into the political process for the first time. New Voters The expansion of suffrage continued and by 1840 more than 80% of white males voted in the presidential election. Women still could not vote, and African Americans had few rights if any. By 1828, 22 of 24 states changed their constitution to allow the people, rather than sate legislatures, to choose presidential electors. The Spoils/


Guidelines for equal opportunities in the fields of politics and trade unions Communication by Claudia Colonnello, ASDO Madrid, Athena meeting, July 3rd.

and boards 5.Producing a genderised representation of electoral processes 6.Making the systematic reality of widespread vertical segregation visible 7. Publishing and disseminating genderised information and knowledge and translating it into recommendations for political and /1. Lobbying and advocacy to achieve greater support to women candidates by political parties and coalitions 2.Providing consultancy services to women candidates on the gender approach and its communication in an electoral campaign 3/


What is the structure of Canada’s federal political system?

. Candidates may be associated with a political party, or they may run as independents. During an election, each political party outlines their platform - a summary of what they hope to do if elected Winners are determined using the “_____ ______________________” system: the candidate with the most votes in a particular riding is declared the winner. Elections and the electoral process P. 30 ELECTORAL REFORM • first past the post/


America at Home and Abroad Late 20 th Century Until Today.

following video and describe 3 different lessons that Watergate taught us about our government and society. Be/with Americans and the democratic west: 1.”Glasnost”, or “political openness”, which allowed greater free speech and free press/And the winner is...  Bill Clinton won 370 electoral votes and 43% of the popular vote.  George Bush won 168 electoral votes and 23% of the popular vote.  Ross Perot won no electoral votes, but 19% of the popular vote. Do you see what happened?  The effects of 3 rd party/


Mr. Ishmael-AP Government. By the end of this lesson, I will be able to… Identify what political culture is. Identify what political ideology is. Understand.

lesson I will be able to… Explain how Americans feel about equality Compare how American political /and governmental processes. 1. True 2. False Most young people accept their parents’ party identification. 1. True 2. False The ability of family to inculcate a strong sense of party/ vote 1920-19 th Amendment passed Doubles electorate The passage of the 26 th amendment has/educated than avg. voter) Clearly identify w/ political party Communalists: organize and join organizations to deal w/ local problems Not /


History 12 Lesson 1 After the Civil War. Keys to technology There were a variety of key industries and technological innovations that led to the industrial.

the South a lesson and to punish them/and take whatever actions it deemed necessary. If workers or the public were hurt in the process/and Industrial Union, and the Southern Alliance. Farmers try for Change Working within existing political parties, farmers attempted to bring about political change. They managed to gain control of several state legislatures and/and twenty-two electoral votes. Populists become Democrats In the 1896 presidential election, the Democratic Party nominated William Jennings Bryan and/


UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION SSUSH5: The student will explain specific events and key ideas that brought about the adoption and implementation of the United.

DIRECTLY ELECTED BY THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE AND SENATORS SELECTED BY / GOVERNMENT AND WHILE A FAILURE, IT WAS THE LESSONS LEARNED/ of their property without due process.  Double Jeopardy oA person/POLITICAL PARTIES AROSE FROM THE DEBATES OVER CONSTITUTIONAL RATIFICATION (THE FEDERALISTS PARTY LEAD BY ALEXANDER HAMILTON AND THE DEMOCRATIC- REPUBLICANS HEADED BY THOMAS JEFFERSON). IT QUICKLY BECAME CLEAR THAT POLITICAL PARTIES WERE TO BE THE MAJOR FORCES IN SHAPING AMERICAN POLITICS AND BY NECESSITY RULES AND/


Sources of the Constitution Government and Politics AS GP2 Governing Modern Wales.

of the Constitution Government and Politics AS GP2 Governing Modern Wales In this lesson Define the British /and began the process of creating a mass electorate. Further extensions of the franchise were introduced in 1884 but women had to wait until the 20th century before they were permitted to vote at general elections. The importance of a mass electorate The growth of a mass electorate was of great importance constitutionally. It encouraged the development of mass political parties. These parties/


Chapter 1 Lesson 1. Introduction to Political Systems  All societies have some form of governance or method for: - maintaining order and establishing.

.  Candidates may be associated with a political party, or they may run as independents.  During an election, each political party outlines their platform - a summary of what they hope to do if electedpolitical party  Winners are determined using the “_____ ______________________” system: the candidate with the most votes in a particular riding is declared the winner. Elections and the electoral process P. 30  ELECTORAL REFORM  first past the post/


PARTY POLITICS, THE ROLE OF THE RULING PARTY IN HARMONISING POLICIES FOR SUSTAINABLE GOVERNANCE FOR DEVELOPMENT PAPER DELIVERED BY DR YUNUSA TANKO NATIONAL.

have been made by different political parties to form strong alliances and coalition to seize political control from the ruling parties, albeit, with little or no success. For the first time, the wishes of majority of Nigeria’s political elite reflected the wishes of majority of the electorates. Millions of ordinary Nigerians yearned for an overhaul of the political and economic system. The opposition party, APC provided the only option/


INEC Preparedness, Challenges and Public Expectations for a Peaceful 2015 Elections in Nigeria Abubakar Momoh Director-General The Electoral Institute,

Early warning signs-need to monitor and identify conflict triggers and conflict indicators-early warning management Electoral Risk Management (ERM) and Mapping of Electoral Risks- designing an effective tool-AU/I-IDEA Electoral Alternative Dispute Resolution (EADR)-for mediating & resolving electoral complaints and disputes especially within political parties Politics as warfare Stakeholders Meetings and Sensitisation IPAC and INEC quarterly meetings and interaction Policy validation meetings with CSOs/


Democratic Careening:

, parliamentary committees, public audits, ombudsmen, electoral commissions, and not least, countercorruption bodies. “…[P]oorly performing democracies need better, stronger, and more democratic institutions linking citizens not just to another but also to the political process…..[In poorly performing democracies] the people are largely excluded from effective participation and representation of their interests. Power and resources are narrowly held, either by a dominant party….or by multiple elite-based/


The United States Presidential Election Process

and rural areas The Electoral College was devised for 3 reasons 3. The Electoral College helps dilute the effect of votes from densely populated centers which may steer away from the concerns of the rest of the country Other states nominate Electors in party conventions Presidential Electors are nominated by their state political parties/, WV, was pledged to the Democratic Party. During the Electoral College process, Leach learned that members of the Electoral College were not required to vote for the/


The United States Presidential Election Process: Undemocratic?

the next election—instead of remaining loyal to their political party? The opportunities for mischief are great. One can easily imagine the kinds of promises that would be made to potential switchers, given the stakes of the decision. Consider the election of 1824. John Quincy Adams, who had received both fewer popular votes and fewer electoral votes than did his principle adversary, Andrew Jackson/


THE EVOLUTION OF THE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATING PROCESS N. R. Miller.

in composition and process. The Party-Dominant System (1832-1908) The Mixed System (1912-1968) The Candidate-Dominant System (1972-present) James W. Ceaser, Presidential Selection: Theory and Development, 1979 Three readings (Bryce, 1888; Heclo, 1972; King, 1981), one pertaining to each system. The Party-Dominant System Party organization is based on –state and local political machines that are hierarchical, patronage-based, and controlled party leaders ("bosses"). Presidential (and other) party nominations/


Political Science 100 Introduction to American Government.

Electoral Coalitions of Parties have become more Dissimilar Congress/California Legislature - 6 b. Increasing Income Inequality c. Civil Rights Era brings Less Tolerant Voters into Republican Party/, “Social Safety Nets and Target Assistance: Lessons from the European Experience,”/Political Parties, Income Inequality and Public Policy –101 The political consequences of the above mentioned policies significantly reduce the incentive for low and middle-income people to participate in the political process/


U.S. Government Activity #21- For class discussion, what do you feel are the pros and cons of a compulsory voting law? Would you be for or against such.

the major events in the electoral process between November and January. How much media attention is given. Discuss how electors are chosen. Do you feel this process should be altered. Mr. Kirk U.S.Government Week 15 U.S. Government Activity #46- Draw a political cartoon illustrating one of the major defects in the electoral college. Remember, style, content, point of view, and approach are more important than/


America at Home and Abroad Late 20 th Century Until Today.

political and/and describe 3 different lessons that Watergate taught us about our government and/process, the economy still struggled with inflation and 7% unemployment. Carter’s perceived weakness led to an approval rating of only 26% and/And the winner is...  Bill Clinton won 370 electoral votes and 43% of the popular vote.  George Bush won 168 electoral votes and 23% of the popular vote.  Ross Perot won no electoral votes, but 19% of the popular vote. Do you see what happened?  The effects of 3 rd party/


HB 5811 and SB 2894: Where is the Bangsamoro in the BLBAR of Congress?

and legitimacy of the cause of the Bangsamoro people and their aspiration to chart their political future through a democratic process that will secure their identity and posterity and/lessons from our “autonomy experimentation” NOTHING LESS THAN ARMM GENUINE AUTONOMY benchmar k “CATCH – UP” political/ DEPUTY SPEAKER OTHER OFFICERS PARTY DISTRICT RESERVED 2 non-/and historical injustices – Opt-in provision – Transitional Justice provision – Vested rights Political exclusion and patronage politicsElectoral/


Www.ushistory.org.  Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. It was a time of great pain and endless.

President.  Impeachment refers to the process specified in the Constitution for trial and removal from office of any federal official/and mob violence. Membership began to fall. Soon the Knights were merely a shadow of their former size. But labor leaders had learned some valuable lessons/party hacks. Bryan revolutionized campaign politics by launching a nationwide whistle-stop effort, making twenty to thirty speeches per day.  When the results were finally tallied, McKinley had beaten Bryan by an electoral/


Democratic Transition and Consolidation Kathryn Stoner July 26, 2013.

HighStakes of Change Too High Political and economic power intertwined Political and economic power intertwined Does Prior Regime/governs after death of dictator? Hegemonic Party Systems Hegemonic Party Systems Have bigger “ selectorate ”Have /and Development): Lessons from Russia Quick refresher on fall of Soviet Union Gorbachev, 1985-1991 Gorbachev, 1985-1991 Perestroika and glasnostPerestroika and glasnost Halting economic reformHalting economic reform Opens up electoral processOpens up electoral process/


CP US History Unit #1 – Civil War and Reconstruction.

country? I. Republican Party is formed -1854 main goal -> to stop the spread of slavery. Elections and Revolts: The Last Straw/and the unique nature of places Concept EQ – How did the process of Reconstruction define and deepen regional differences between the North and South? Reconstruction Lesson EQ – How did the Reconstruction affect the economic, political and/ Lesson EQ – How did the federal government seek to achieve certain economic, political and social gains in the South? Vocabulary – Electoral /


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