Ppt on political parties and electoral process in india

Strengthening womens participation in the electoral process December 18 th, 2013 Arti Ahuja Secretary WCD, Odisha.

under the chairmanship of Kakasaheb Kalelkar (1953)  Committee on the Status of Women in India (1974)- “though women’s participation in the political process has increased, their ability to produce an impact on the political process has been negligible because of the inadequate attention paid to their political education and mobilization by both political parties and women’s organizations. Parties have tended to see women voters as appendages of the males. Among women/

Chapter Eight Politics in Britain Copyright © 2012, 2010, 2008 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Antigua and Australia to India, Pakistan, Zambia differ in wealth, culture, commitment to democracy.  Special relationship with U.S.  Involvement in /and New Left activists led to leadership by party’s left wing  Leaders more interested in electoral success than ideology were chosen in mid-‘80s  New Labour, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown, and younger, more moderate leaders took over in mid-1990s Political Participation  The Liberal Democrats  Product of 1987 merger of Liberal and Social Democratic parties/

Second Edition of the Thematic Workshop on Elections, Violence and Conflict Prevention Pre-Election Phase - Conflict Triggers and Inhibitors Jeff Fischer.

 Majoritarian – Winner-Take-All Promotes officeholder accountability Electoral engineering minority representation  Proportional (PR ) Inclusive of small parties Reserved seats for women and minorities Political fragmentation  Mixed - Mixed Member Proportional and Parallel Delimitation  Potential for conflict during the delimitation process and in the Post-Election Phase when representation is perceived to be inequitable India (2007) Nigeria (2003) – Niger Delta  UN Peacebuilding Commission/

14,April, 2014 Warsaw,Poland. Dr S.Y. Quraishi Former Chief Election Commissioner of India Indias General Elections 2014: An Overview.

standards of behaviour Conduct of political parties / candidates Public meetings, Processions, Campaigning, Media Special checks on govt in power Conduct on poll day Handling of complaints Just added: Code about Manifestos Issues of Concern Role of Money Power Expenditure monitoring complex and tough “Paid News” and surrogate advertisements Criminalization of electoral politics Dependence on Central Police Force Lack of faith in State Police Urban and Youth Apathy Measures to ensure/

Presented on 28 July 2009 by: Dr. Kirit Somaiya (Ex Member of Parliament) (All India Convener – BJP Committee on EVM) Fool-proof Ballot/ Electronic Voting.

or hardware, with any political party or candidate. Is it because the Election Commission itself does not know what is inside the EVM ?  Expert Committee of 1990 and 2006 had Prof. Indiresan as member and Chairman respectively. Surprise that 90% of the Report of 1990 and 2006 is same, including the language  Consultation with any other bright IT experts  EVM used in India – hardware, software is same/


methodology commences with a threat analysis to ascertain the scale, locations, and types of threats that may impact the electoral process. Such threats include ethnic retaliation, existence of paramilitary groups, and land mines inhibiting freedom of movement. These threats play out in different ways in the electoral chronology of voter registration, the political campaign, Election Day, and the installation of the newly elected officials. 24 ELECTION SECURITY.contd. Election/

DSA Annual Conference 2012 – Panel 3 Effective States and Inclusive Development November 3 rd, Institute of Education, London Delivering effective social.

programmes strengthen the support for incumbents? Is social assistance clientelist in developing countries? Implications for delivery Table 1. Politics and social assistance: India, Brazil and South Africa IndiaBrazilSouth Africa Political processes shaping social assistance  Continued democracy since independence, but Constitution recognized social assistance only as desirable activity  Multiple political parties and fragmented opposition  Local/sub-national governments initially provide social/

Foundations of Comparative Politics by Kenneth Newton and Jan van Deth All slides © Kenneth Newton and Jan van Deth 2005 BRIEFINGS.

of the twentieth century. From the 1920s to the 1940s, urban laborers obtained unionization rights and participated in reformist governments. In the 1950s, women finally exercised full suffrage and became a decisive electoral force. And by the 1960s, rural workers achieved influence with reformist parties, widespread unionization, and land reform... As Chile’s political parties grew, they attracted followers not only on the basis of ideology but also on the/

1 Please note- This PPT is for illustration only and in no way is substitute to the relevant Acts/Rules and/or ECI directions, which shall be referred.

/localities then, as far as practicable, PS should be in the village with more electors. 45 To create a new Polling Station – DEO first publishes a proposal in Draft Form at his office with minimum 7 days notice period – Invites objections and suggestions from recognized political Parties/ sitting MPs and MLAs etc. – After due consideration of received suggestions and objections/ complaints, the DEO sends the proposal through CEO/


Voters The Election Commission of India, The Election Commission of India, State and District election officers State and District election officers The Political parties and candidates, The Political parties and candidates, The NGOs, The NGOs, The Media The Media The Educational Institutions. The Educational Institutions. 5 Have a big responsibility to educate the general public, particularly the voters on the meaning, processes and essence of electoral procedures and elections. 6 Election Commission funds/

Foundations of Comparative Politics by Kenneth Newton and Jan van Deth All slides © Kenneth Newton and Jan van Deth 2005 FACT FILES.

formation, coalitions and electoral systems ■ Party systems Dominant one-party systems are found in India (the Congress Party), Japan (the Liberal Democratic Party), South Africa (the African National Congress, ANC) and Sweden (The Social Democratic Workers’ Party). The main examples of two-party systems are Canada, New Zealand (until constitutional reform in 1966), the UK (Labour and Conservatives) and the USA (Democrats and Republicans). Multi-party systems are the norm and are found in most parts of/

Lok Satta The National Campaign for Political Reforms - Why ? 9 th March 2004, Thane, Mumbai LOK SATTA People Power 401 Nirmal Towers, Dwarakapuri Colony,

in States No one can buy a whole state electorate Image and /Political fiefdoms will disappear Political process will get into a virtuous cycle Lok Satta Problems of Proportional Representation Problem Political fragmentation in a plural society Party bosses will be autocratic Link between voters and legislator is snapped Solution Reasonable threshold level Democratization of parties and choice of candidates Mixed system combining Proportional Representation with FPTP Lok Satta A Suggested Model for India/

Objective: Analyze the influence of political thinkers on the development of American government. 1. Warm up—What is justice? What does it mean to say.

age. Chapter 6, Section 1 Objective: Political parties and the role Presidential elections have played in shaping them. Why? To understand the key issues that shape todays’ political parties. 1. Warm up—What is a political party? Is it better to be a member of a party OR to stay independent? Explain. 2. The 1960 and 1968 Electoral Maps 3. The Democratic and Republican parties; the candidates and key issues. (research, video, handout)  Complete/

Public Administration and social fabric Town Hall Unit #9 Prof. Christopher L. Howard.

Processes, Computer Software, Computer Hardware, Programming Languages, and Data Constructs. In short, anything that renders data, information or perceived knowledge in/on expenditures set in 1974, and prohibited unregulated contributions (commonly referred to as "soft money") to national political parties. ‘Soft money’/electors each state is entitled to have and that each states legislature decides how its electors are to be chosen. U.S. territories are not represented in the Electoral College. The Electoral/


system from among candidate who was not elected but secured highest percentage of valid vote cast under this paragraph and where such recognized political party or independent group is entitled to only one additional member in terms of the proportional representation system, the Secretary of such recognized political party or the leader of the independent group may instead of the member who obtained the highest percentage/

POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS II: INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS DEMOCRACY PLATO (Greek philosopher, 427-347) defines democracy as a political system where ordinary.

Party in India) - other parties are allowed to exist and participate in elections. D- One-Party Systems: Basic characteristics - There is a single party of the governing group, which is the only legal political party in the political system. - the state does not allow other parties or opposition groups to exist( China, Cuba, North Korea). - in some states where democracy is not institutionalized, multi-party systems are reduced to one party systems. -in some one-party systems electoral competition/

Unit 3: RIGHTS. Who were Federalists & Anti- Federalists? After the Constitution was written at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 to change and improve.

leader. 2. Electors or delegates from each state 3. A meeting of a political party to choose delegates who will attend and vote for that candidate to represent their party in the presidential race Answers 4. Meeting, speeches about each candidate, secret vote on paper 5. Physically divide into groups to show support for a candidate, discuss candidates and come to a majority 6. A process by which/

Finance Act ,2013 An Overview CA Sanjeev Lalan.

. 2 lakhs in the of TCS. Anti-Avoidance Provisions Cash contribution to any political party or electoral party or electoral trust ineligible for deduction Currently, deduction is available for any contribution made, to any political party or electoral trust, by /assets and liabilities in India if the tax payer’s income exceeds Rs. 25 lakhs. The assets covered under the said schedule are land, building, bank (including all deposits), shares and securities, insurance policies, loans and advances given cash in /

Democratic Careening:

, parliamentary committees, public audits, ombudsmen, electoral commissions, and not least, countercorruption bodies. “…[P]oorly performing democracies need better, stronger, and more democratic institutions linking citizens not just to another but also to the political process…..[In poorly performing democracies] the people are largely excluded from effective participation and representation of their interests. Power and resources are narrowly held, either by a dominant party….or by multiple elite-based/

Electoral Rolls & EPIC Management System (ERMS). Saleem Khan

approved data structures, user interface, report formats etc. Integration between EPIC Database and Rolls Database Continuous Improvement in Transliteration Dictionary De-duplication and inbuilt checks for preventing junk data entry Systematic Voter Education for Electoral Participation (SVEEP) Celebrating 25th January as Voters’ Day Booth Level Agents of political parties Enrolment in educational institutions Newspaper Ads, TV tickers, Brochures Deploying Designated Photography Locations (DPL) Webcasting/

The Executive Branch Ch. 8 – 10.

Senate and votes in case of a tie Helps decide if the President is disabled Work load depends on the duties assigned by the President Electing our President Electoral Process Did You Know? In the presidential election of 1992, third-party candidate/decisions. Leadership Qualities and Skills Successful presidents must: be flexible and open to new ideas be able to compromise have political courage All the living Presidents Other Past Presidents Presidents back in the day Presidents in Chairs The Federal /

Glossary for Political Geography Organized by Joe Naumann UMSL.

in the military and were interested in geopolitical issues such as sea power, air defense networks, and the balance of power between Cold War adversaries. Geosynchronous: An orbit in which a satellite completes a revolution about the planet in exactly the same period as the Earth rotates on its axis. Gerrymandering: The delimitation of electoral district boundaries that produce unique, convoluted shapes designed to favor a particular political party/

Social Choice Lecture 12 Carmen Pasca and John Hey.

of votes. Another requirement which some countries (many in central and eastern Europe) also have in place is a minimum quorum level, which demands that for an election to be deemed valid and fully representative the turnout must meet or exceed a percentage of the electorate. Party List system 1 A Party List system presents multi-member constituency electorates with political parties putting forward slates or lists of candidates. It/

VOTING and ELECTIONS. U.S.A. 50% Mexico 60% Canada 70% Voter Participation Across the Globe France 80% U.K. 77% Russia 55% India 53% Australia 95% Japan.

85+52.2 Group Voting Patterns What are the major factors that influence voters’ decisions? personal background loyalty to political parties campaign issues voter’s image of a candidate propaganda Purposes of Elections  Legitimize government, even in authoritarian systems  Organize government  Choose issue and policy priorities  Electorate gives winners a mandate Types of Elections  Primary elections can be open or closed  Crossover voting or raiding/

Special Group Representation in Parliament Elections Innovations Conference Tihana Bartulac Blanc March 2013.

number of contending parties and the balance of power between them? What is the geographic distribution of minorities? The general level of economic and political development in society. Compare Croatia v. New Zealand. Similar minority representation systems, different perceptions of success. Representation of voters abroad Many countries around the world have large or influential diasporas that want to be included in the electoral processes and represented in national parliaments. Other/

Chapter 9 Political Parties and Electoral Systems Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices 2e By Lowell Barrington.

Chapter 9 Political Parties and Electoral Systems Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices 2e By Lowell Barrington Learning Objectives  Describe how political parties differ from interest groups.  Differentiate among the types of party systems.  Characterize the alternative electoral arrangements used in democratic elections, and explain the relationship between electoral systems and party systems.  Describe the party systems and key electoral outcomes in the Topic in Countries and Spotlight on /

1 Disclaimer: This training material is for use in training of election officials. It should not be referred as guidelines of ECI. In case of any variance.

/localities then, as far as practicable, PS should be in the village with more electors. 43 To create a new Polling Station – DEO first publishes a proposal in Draft Form at his office with minimum 7 days notice period – Invites objections and suggestions from recognized political Parties/ sitting MPs and MLAs etc. – After due consideration of received suggestions and objections/ complaints, the DEO sends the proposal through CEO/

Social Media & Participation in the Electoral Process Mohammad J. Kuna Special Assistant to the Chair, Independent National Electoral Commission, Abuja.

2011 Experiences –Information –Increased Participation –Greater Transparency/Accountability –Addressing Fraud & Incident Reporting –Greater Control Over the Electoral Process & Staff  Preparing & Embracing Social Media: 2015 –INEC –Political Parties/Candidates –Civil Society Organizations  Need 4 Policy to Regulate Use in the Electoral ProcessParty Campaigns: Between Regulation and Self-Regulation –Results Transmission –Support for Civil Society Organizations Conclusion Thank You For Listening

Developing world class IT Solutions for Efficient Electioneering and enhanced citizen experiences. Leveraging Technology for Transparent and Credible Elections.

Centric Services Web casting Trends and Result Declaration Candidate Nomination and Affidavit Management System Transparency & Information Sharing Electoral Roll Management System EVM Tracking System Expenditure Monitoring System Election Management & Monitoring Candidate Expenditure Submission system Political Party Registration System Candidate Expenditure Submission System Candidates & Political Parties IT Enabled Services Challenge IT Solution  Monitoring Election process at every level.  Observer/

Sanjay Ranade, Head, DCJ, UoM1 PRESS LAWS. Sanjay Ranade, Head, DCJ, UoM2 A History of Press Legislation in India In India, the history of laws directed.

view that the newspapers should not allow their forum to be used for distortions and manipulations of the elections and should not allow themselves to be exploited by the interested parties. Sanjay Ranade, Head, DCJ, UoM342 The Press Council advises that in view of the crucial position occupied by the electoral process in a representative democracy like ours, the newspapers should be on guard against their precious/

Women’s Political Representation – goals and strategies Stockholm March 23, 2012 Drude Dahlerup, professor of Political Science, Stockholm University.

.  Ineffective quota system: France  Unpopular quota systems: Many! The Role of Political Parties  The political parties are the gatekeepers to elected positions.  Political parties control who gets selected, nominated, and finally elected.  The political parties have the power to change women’s historical under-repesentation Many types of quotas  A. Legislated or voluntary party quotas?.  B. At what level in the electoral process?  B.1 Aspirant quotas - the pool of candidates  B.2/

1000 A.D. to 1860. Political Economic/Technological Social/Cultural Year 1000 Norsemen under Leif Ericson land on the coast of North America. They name.

who exports it to Martinique in the West Indies. Shipping ice to India becomes a profitable New England /and hanged. Anti-Masonic Party, first political third party in the U. S., meets in Baltimore. Party is opposed to Jackson and is absorbed by the Whigs after 1836. Supreme Court upholds Georgia’s order for the removal of the Cherokee Indians beyond the Mississippi. Joseph Henry builds the first electric motor, electrical relay, electromagnetic telegraph, and electric bell. Samuel Guthrie develops a process/

The Executive Branch Ch. 8 – 10 GPS SSCG12 The student will analyze the various roles played by the President of the United States; include Commander-in-Chief.

decide if the President is disabled  Work load depends on the duties assigned by the President Electing our President Electoral Process Did You Know? In the presidential election of 1992, third-party candidate Ross Perot received 19.7 million popular votes. President George Bush received 39.1 million popular votes, and the winning candidate, Democrat Bill Clinton, received 44.9 million popular votes. The results/


citizens to govern them selves.Political parties play a key role in this because they are able to represent different political interests and views in their policies and decisions in government. Yet competitive political processes such as elections are not enough to reach agreement on the complex socio-political issues facing governments and policy-makers. This is especially true in post election-conflict countries which are deeply polarized. Political parties often provides an essential path/


Parliament Parliament has freedom of speech Taxation only with Parliament approval Due process of law Right to bear arms Right of petition No dissolving of/and Marxism while defending private property (capitalism) in hopes Catholics would participate in the politics of more liberal states It also wanted laws protecting workers from exploitation Leo XIII announcement led to the creation of Catholic Political parties THE AGE OF MASS POLITICS CRIMEAN WAR Dispute between Catholics and Orthodox over privileges in/

Paid News. Paid News has been defined by PCI as - Any news or analysis appearing in any media (Print & Electronic) for a price in cash or kind as consideration.

political parties and media to fight the menace Sensitise people on the subject Electoral Reforms proposed By ECI on Paid News Amendment in the R P Act 1951, to provide therein that publishing and/Political Parties as well as media houses to alert them against surrogate advertising and Paid News and consequences of violation. Political parties and media houses have been briefed and sensitized in advance at HQs. ECI has written to Press Council of India/Certain cases are still in process. Some are getting /

Paid News. Paid News has been defined by PCI as - Any news or analysis appearing in any media (Print & Electronic) for a price in cash or kind as consideration.

political parties and media to fight the menace Sensitise people on the subject Electoral Reforms proposed By ECI on Paid News Amendment in the R P Act 1951, to provide therein that publishing and/Political Parties as well as media houses to alert them against surrogate advertising and Paid News and consequences of violation. Political parties and media houses have been briefed and sensitized in advance at HQs. ECI has written to Press Council of India/ still in process. Some are getting modified. @ In Bihar,/


and even national--exploded in numbers in the 19th century. By 1828, New York City alone produced 161 newspapers. The speed by which information could be disseminated increased as improvements in transportation developed. In addition, political parties and / in jail.  Gandhi and King utilized Thoreaus ideas in crafting their successful campaigns of civil disobedience by opposing political authority and oppression in India and the southern U.S. in the 20th Century. Reconstruction policies between 1867 and /

Parties, Party Systems, and Social Cleavages

electoral institutions Putting it all together Political Parties A political party can be thought of as a group of people that includes those who hold office and those who help get and keep them there. Why do we need political parties to structure political life, even in non-democracies? Political Parties Political parties serve several purposes: They structure the political world. Remember our discussion of social choice instability. In particular, they structure the legislative process. They recruit and/

Pippa Norris ~ Harvard www.pippanorris.com Electoral Systems Pippa Norris ~ Harvard www.pippanorris.com.

Encouraging political parties Promoting legislative opposition and oversight Making electoral processes sustainable Meeting international standards Source: International IDEA. 2008. Electoral System Design pp9-14. www.pippanorris.com Recap: Consociational democracy Lijphart (1968) The Politics of Accommodation Netherlands exemplified ‘pillorized’ divided society Yet there was stable democracy and elite consensus Why? Constitutional arrangements Proportional representation of all major groups in elected/

Voter Education & Awareness Ways & Means

. Each set of activity represents a continuum of educational activities in support of elections and democracy and are mutually reinforcing. Key aspects to be covered under Voter information and awareness Election Process Political parties and their manifestoes. Antecedents of candidates. Election process Importance of voting in an election. Enrolment as a voter and knowledge of Electoral roll. EPIC cards. Polling process-Process of identification, directions of polling staff, tendered votes etc. Awareness/

The Iraq war divided the Arabs, the Europeans, the Americans and caused a structural damage to Iraq’s society, state, & infrastructure Aljazeera.

political process which is under brutal occupation.   Prof. Dr. Harith al-Dari described the current political process as a way to legalize the occupation and the confirmation of American hegemony over Iraq saying: "We will not be a party in the electoral process and in the political process as long as the occupation exists in/flew between war-torn nations such as Liberia and Angola and the major diamond centers in the United States, India and Israel, buying and selling gems, he said.” http://www./

Dr. (Mrs.) Niloufer Shroff Scientist ‘G’ & HOD (EMCD) and Ms. Tulika Pandey, Scientist ‘F’ Using technology to bridge the gender gap in Elections Department.

of legal, social and cultural aspects of Gender Empowerment. Women, Technology & the Electoral Process Initiatives for Inclusion of Women in the electoral process Schemes and Policies to help women acquire the tools necessary to participate successfully in all aspects of the political process. Women Electoral participation programme – training on use of tools, such as SMS, social media and electronic voting, that could be adapted for use. Engage women in legislatures, political parties and civil society as/

US H ISTORY EOCT R EVIEW Mrs. C. SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century. Explain Virginia’s development;

process of working out compromises on slavery in the 1850’s. However, as the mid-western and northern states continued to grow in economic power and population (political representation), slavery became increasingly entangled in every political issue facing the nation, such as nullification, states’ rights, and the admission of new territories as states. Party politics were also affected by slavery. The two-party political system re-emerged in/and growing electoral strength may have resulted in his /

Political Science 326 California Government in Comparative Perspective.

. Comparison 1. Only In India was the Relationship between SES and Participation As Strong as in the U.S. Political Participation - 7 F. Why? 1. Relative Absence of Class-Related Politics in the U.S. 2. Relative Lack of Work Organizations/Unions in the U.S. Political Participation - 8 II. Political Participation in California A. Selecting Candidates for the General Election 1. Until Progressive Era – Candidates Chosen by Political Parties Political Participation - 9 2/


key constructs are: – Indirect or representative form of democracy in which political office is gained by success in regular elections. – It is based on competition and electoral choice. – There is a clear distinction between the state and civil society. – most important goal is protecting individual rights Liberal democracy Key elements: Constitutional Government Civil rights Checks and balance Voting Party competition Pluralism Civil society Market economy Liberal democracy Various/

Telecom Operator Quality of Service Indicators and Regulatory Reporting Requirements ITU Regulatory Meeting for the Arab Region April 2003 LYNNE DORWARD.

and replicate the increasingly despised flag at all? The answer must lie in the fact that along with the many other deceptions perpetrated upon the British electorate/ in your pocket - not just the occasional 50p - and will be the final stage in our subjugation, since political/December 1999 (Article 2) LIN K Scottish National Party (pro-EU)LIN K God Bless the EU/and the report analysis process should not be too onerous for either the operator or the regulator Key is to ensure that general public is served and/

Weber’s ideal type of bureaucracy has all of the following features except? Hierarchical structure Task specialization Freedom of action Political neutrality.

great a governmental role in the economy the capitalist class of both the developed and undeveloped world D Which of the following was not true of the USSR? Parliamentary system with regular elections Real political power exercised through the Communist Political Party Federal structure Low electoral turnout low electoral turnout Which state is not an example of a dominant party state? China Mexico Japan India China Communism is Rule/

Political Science 322 Parties, Campaigns, and Elections.

, why invest time and effort in politics? Political Parties, Income Inequality and Public Policy –102 This protects high-income households from future adverse political events. Thus, if increasing income inequality might cause low and middle-income people to desire income redistribution, make it difficult for the government to accomplish this and reduce the incentives for low and middle-income people to get involved in the political process. Political Parties, Income Inequality and Public Policy –103 What/

Electoral Security Management By Ashok Kumar, IPS Deputy Commissioner of Police Crime Branch, Vadodara, Gujart.

in the last six decades. India and democracy have become intertwined concepts and it is hard to imagine one without the other. Democracy, the very essence of our Constitution, has become our nations identity. Elections are the foundation stone of any democracy. The conduct of free, fair and impartial elections depends much upon the performance of the three stakeholders. They are - independent and impartial electoral machinery; political parties and candidates; and/

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