Ppt on political parties and electoral process

1 POLITICAL PARTY AND CAMPAIGN FINANCING IN LATIN AMERICA Dr. Daniel Zovatto Regional Director for Latin America-International IDEA November, 2008.

order to reestablish citizen trust in the political process. ii.To establish equitable rules of the game for competition among parties. 16 V. Importance of an efficient juridical framework iii.To favor voters’ empowerment. iv.To promote the development and strengthening of political parties. v. To guarantee a “minimum reasonable degree” of the use of public resources to finance politico-electoral activities. 17 V. Importance of an/


Monarchy Head of state is a king or queen Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Bin Turki Bin Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Saud and the Saudi.

opportunity to do the same. Initiative Referendum Direct Primary Recall Lobbying Australian Ballot We deliberately built inefficiency into the American political system. The rise of national political parties The rise of national political parties Expansion of the electorate and Expansion of the electorate and changes in electoral methods changes in electoral methods Establishment of agencies Establishment of agencies deliberately designed to exercise deliberately designed to exercise legislative, executive/


PRESENTATION ON SADC ELECTION OBSERVER MISSIONS IN BOTSWANA, LESOTHO, NAMIBIA, ZAMBIA, MADAGASCAR AND MOZAMBIQUE Presentation by DIRCO to the Parliamentary.

environment with reports of sporadic violent incidences which did not hamper the electoral process. Party supporters turned up in huge numbers to attend political campaigns. The SADC Observer Mission met with various stakeholders, including government officials, political parties, the electoral commission, labour, women and youth groups. Issues raised by some stakeholders, amongst others, included the following: Biased and partisan media; Insufficient Voter Education; Voters Roll of 2011 which was/


G-12: The Presidency 1. Chapter 12- The Presidency (1). Outline the presidencys development in theory and legal & political independence. (2). Examine.

– Needed to win election? => –?_________ (a majority) out of 538 possible electoral Votes – If no majority of electoral votes– who decides election? Constitution’s guidance & role of House & Senate? 26 Summary: Impact of Change and Reform Impact of changes in presidential selection process in the way Presidents now govern: – More personalized presidencies – Weakened political parties – More spit ticket voting Let’s examine the Presidency as an/


Public Opinion and Political Action. Public Opinion – The distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues. Demography – The.

it is easier for lobby groups to motivate a small section of the people to the polls and influence the outcome of the political process. The outcome of an election where voting is compulsory reflects more of the will of the /president enhances the status of minority interests, contributes to the political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system, and maintains a federal system of government and representation. Does the Electoral College give an advantage to large or small states? Large /


VOTEINDIA 1 Electoral Reforms - Agenda for Action 401/408, Nirmal Towers, Dwarakapuri Colony, Punjagutta, Hyderabad – 500 082 Tel: 91 40 2335 0778 / 23350.

scrupulously fair ( nominations, ballot papers, appointment of polling officials, etc.) Post-polling process - completely non-partisan (transport, storage and counting of ballots, and declaration of results) VOTEINDIA 6 What is Wrong With Elections? Flawed electoral rolls Polling irregularities Unaccounted and illegitimate use of money power Rampant criminalization Autocratic political parties VOTEINDIA 7 Defective Electoral Rolls 1999 Sample Surveys:15% errors in villages 40% errors in towns. 2004 Sample/


C HAPTER 8. The General Election: Campaign Finance and Campaign Strategy  Once the field of candidates has been narrowed through the nomination process,

has been narrowed through the nomination process, the scene of the party battle shifts to the general election  Nominations are intraparty struggles, whereas the general election is an interparty struggle that operates in a different type of political environment  In the general election competition, there is normally a higher level of citizen interest, an expanded electorate, larger campaign expenditures, and greater media exposure Financing Elections/


Political Parties Like interest groups, political parties are important linkage institutions Even though they were not mentioned in the Constitution,

-take-all (as opposed to proportional) – Electoral College is winner-take-all in each state The Party Organization – The Structure of Political Parties Political parties have an organizational structure at the national, state, and local level National Party Structure – The President is the defacto head of his party – The National Committee (RNC and DNC) – Raise funds, Deal with conflicts within the party, Promote the party’s image in the media DNC Chair/


Political Parties & Political Action Main linking institutions: political parties, elections, media, and interest groups. Input agents-result in output.

still have influence. Aim of political party is to influence public policy. To do this parties must draw enough of the electorate into the organization. Political Parties & Political Action Parties must get enough votes to elect candidates to public office. Common functions of political parties: nominate candidates who develop policy, running successful campaigns, developing a positive image, raising money, articulating the issues, coordinating in the governing process and the implementation of policies/


Unit #2 Political Behaviors & Beliefs In Class Lecture & Activities.

delegates are chosen varies across states and between the political parties. a.Define each of the following methods used by states to choose delegates to party conventions. Open primary Caucus b. Republican Party rules permit winner-take-all primaries. Describe one consequence of this rule for the Republican nomination process. c. The Democratic Party has used superdelegates in the presidential nominating process since 1984. Explain why the use/


Electing Leaders Chapter 10. Section 1 Essential Questions What is the role of political parties in the United States? What are the differences between.

candidates in both political parties Section 4 Essential Questions 1.What is the main purpose of the electoral college? 2.What is the nomination process at the national party conventions? The Electoral College Popular vote : vote of the citizens in the country. Presidents are not elected by the popular vote. Citizens votes go towards people called electors. Elector : one of the people chosen from each state and in D/


Monarchy Head of state is a king or queen Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Bin Turki Bin Abdullah Bin Muhammad Bin Saud and the Saudi.

Recall Lobbying Australian Ballot Students explain the elements of the United States Constitution We deliberately built inefficiency into the American political system. The rise of national political parties The rise of national political parties Expansion of the electorate and Expansion of the electorate and changes in electoral methods changes in electoral methods Establishment of agencies Establishment of agencies deliberately designed to exercise deliberately designed to exercise legislative, executive/


Political Parties & Political Action Main linking institutions: political parties, elections, media, and interest groups. Input agents-result in output.

still have influence. Aim of political party is to influence public policy. To do this parties must draw enough of the electorate into the organization. Political Parties & Political Action Parties must get enough votes to elect candidates to public office. Common functions of political parties: nominate candidates who develop policy, running successful campaigns, developing a positive image, raising money, articulating the issues, coordinating in the governing process and the implementation of policies/


Unit Three – Political Parties, Elections, Interest Groups and The Mass Media Harris – AP Government.

the Name of Another Political PartiesPolitical Party – team of people seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election.” ► Political Parties, the three headed monster. 1. The electorate – the largest component of the political party. This is the non-office/non-party official members of a political party. 2. Party as an organization – Parties have officials, offices, and staffs. The are responsible organizing events and elections. 3. Party in government – these/


Noviembre 13/2008 1 First Inter-American Training Seminar PANEL TOPIC: Design and Implementation of a Civic Education Campaign in Coalition with Other.

inside the political parties, in order to create institutional life and other elements that contribute to their democratization process. noviembre 13/2008 14 T here challenges that we think we need to overcome are: First, the lack of trust among the electoral management body, the political parties and the civil society. This is to say, we need to brake the paradigm of political electoral actions oriented to political parties’ interests and establih a/


Lok Satta 1 Electoral Reforms 7 th December, 2004, Cabinet Secretariat, Delhi LOK SATTA People Power 401 Nirmal Towers, Dwarakapuri Colony, Punjagutta,

fair ( nominations, ballot papers, appointment of polling officials, etc.) Post-polling process - completely non-partisan (transport, storage and counting of ballots, and declaration of results) Lok Satta 6 What is Wrong With Elections? Flawed electoral rolls Polling irregularities Unaccounted and illegitimate use of money power Rampant criminalization Autocratic political parties Lok Satta 7 Defective Electoral Rolls 1999 Sample Surveys:15% errors in villages 40% errors in towns. 2004/


The Electoral College: How Does It Work in Practice? Why Do We Have an Electoral College? How Did It Come To Work the Way It Does? What Can We Do About.

. Schattschneider’s Law: if you create a large popularly elected legislative body, party caucuses will arise in the legislature, and political parties will develop in the electorate. –Caucuses and parties are organized attempts to win by concentrating votes (through a bloc vote [in the legislature] or nominating process [in elections]) on a few motions or candidates, –They arise because ambitious politicians find it expedient to conspire with others/


Unit 6 People and Politics. VOTING A right and a responsibility of citizenship.

casts their votes in general elections Step 6: Electoral College casts its votes Step 6: Electoral College casts its votes Step 7: The President is inaugurated Step 7: The President is inaugurated POLITICAL PARTIES Organizations made up of people who share similar ideas about the way the country should be governed FUNCTIONS AND PURPOSES OF POLICAL PARTIES Recruit and Nominate Candidates for Public Offices Primaries- Elect Candidates/


Political Parties, Campaigns and Elections, The Media.

Electoral College is winner-take-all in each state The Party Organization – The Structure of Political Parties Political parties have an organizational structure at the national, state, and local level National Party Structure – The President is the defacto head of his party – The National Committee (RNC and DNC) – Raise funds, Deal with conflicts within the party, Promote the party/ candidate to support and select delegates for nominating conventions. A primary is a statewide voting process in which voters /


CHAPTERS 22 & 23. * POLITICAL PARTY - group of people who share common political beliefs and ideology - an organized group, seeking to control the govt....

U.S. there are more than 1/2 million elected officials/public officeholders (federal-state-local)...requiring a large number of elections. ELECTORAL PROCESS (2-steps) 1. nomination of candidates – each pol.party selects candidates 2. election of officeholders - the people/voters cast ballots and select officeholders * ELECTION DAY: FIRST TUES... following the FIRST MON in NOVEMBER of the EVEN NUMBERED YEARS. - Presidential, Congressional/


Political Beliefs and Behaviors Unit 3 1. PAY ATTENTION 2.

POLITICAL OPINIONS AND VALUES? Political socialization refers to the process by which we acquire our political beliefs 5 SOURCES (AGENTS) OF POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION FAMILY Strongest Correlation between parent’s party affiliation and child’s party affiliation Less of a correlation on civil liberties and racial issues Fairly equal influence of mother and/ –President is elected every four years 49 FIXED, STAGGERED, AND SOMETIMES LIMITED TERMS Our electoral system has limits on the number of terms a person can/


A. P. US Government & Politics Exam Review. Weekly Agenda Monday – Development of U.S. Government & Federalism Tuesday – Political Culture, Political.

elected Rolls of political parties Party in the electorate: all of the people who associate with one of the political parties Party in government: all of the appointed & elected officials at the national, state, and local levels Party in organization: all those at various levels of party organization who work to maintain the strength of the party between elections, raise $ & organize conventions Political Parties at work Party systems One-party system: only one party exists or/


A right and a responsibility of citizenship.  18 years old  U.S. Citizen  State Resident  Mentally Competent  Not a convicted felon.

people who agree with their cause. o They give money to elections campaigns of people they support and to the political party that will work for their goals. One purpose of political parties is to A. cast electoral votes. B. set the age for voting. C. administer literacy tests. D. recruit and nominate candidates for public office. A candidate needs _________ to win the presidency A. 270/


Political Parties, Campaigns and Elections, The Media.

Electoral College is winner-take-all in each state The Party Organization – The Structure of Political Parties Political parties have an organizational structure at the national, state, and local level National Party Structure – The President is the defacto head of his party – The National Committee (RNC and DNC) – Raise funds, Deal with conflicts within the party, Promote the party/ candidate to support and select delegates for nominating conventions. A primary is a statewide voting process in which voters /


Unit #2 Political Behaviors & Beliefs In Class Lecture & Activities.

delegates are chosen varies across states and between the political parties. a.Define each of the following methods used by states to choose delegates to party conventions. Open primary Caucus b. Republican Party rules permit winner-take-all primaries. Describe one consequence of this rule for the Republican nomination process. c. The Democratic Party has used superdelegates in the presidential nominating process since 1984. Explain why the use/


Graded Warm Up Hand in half sheet by 10:22. ① Name 1 advantage of the Electoral College. ② Name 1 disadvantage of the Electoral College. ③ What did you.

)  Electoral ProcessPolitical Ideology  Citizens & Political Parties  Voting Vocabulary  Electoral College  Electoral Votes  Political Ideology  Party Platform  Big/Small Government  Bipartisan  Conservative  Liberal  Moderate  Multiparty System  Partisanship  Plurality  Political PartyPolitical Spectrum  Split Party  Third (minor) Party  Two-party System  Independent Party Vocabulary  Conservative – believing in maintaining the “status quo” by keeping established and traditional/


AP Comparative Government & Politics Conceptual Review.

productive resources into the hands of non-governmental organizations and people The process of putting ownership of productive resources into the hands of non-governmental organizations and people Common component of structural adjustment programs (SAP) Common component of structural adjustment programs (SAP) Proportional Representation (PR) An electoral system in which voters select parties rather than individual candidates and parties are represented in legislatures in proportion to the/


Splash Screen Contents Chapter Focus Section 1Section 1President and Vice President Section 2Section 2Electing the President Section 3Section 3The Cabinet.

suggests that the Founders did not anticipate the effects of political parties on presidential elections? Warm Up 1.Write the essential question and answer 2.Define the following terms: Elector Electoral Vote Section 2 Introduction-2 Electing the President Understanding Concepts Constitutional Interpretations How has the method of electing a president changed to make the process more democratic? Section Objective Discuss the historical foundations of the/


Unit 4 Political Beliefs and Behaviors. Unit Objectives Beliefs that citizens hold about their government and its leaders. Processes by which citizens.

and 90’s. Define Neoconservative and Compassionate Conservative. Define Socialism. Define Liberatarian. Political Socialization Lecture #4 Defined The process in which people acquire their political beliefs. Agents Family Strongest Correlation between parent’s party affiliation and child’s party/ and congressional election It would work without political parties Covers the nominating phase and the electing phase Produces a non-partisan President. Allotment of Electoral Votes Each state has as many electoral /


CE 5 A and B Functions, Similarities and Differences of Political Parties.

made up of citizens who have similar ideas on public issues. We all agree on a lot of things! SOL 5a What roles do political parties play in the American political process? Functions of a political party: Recruiting and nominating candidates Educating the electorate (people) about campaign issues Helping candidates win elections Monitoring actions of office holders Recruit Recruit means to search for someone to become involved in/


What is a political party ? A political party is an organization made up of citizens who have similar ideas on public issues. We all agree on a lot of.

5a No copying needed CE 5 A and B Functions, Similarities and Differences of Political Parties What roles do political parties play in the American political process? Functions of a political party: Recruiting and nominating candidates Educating the electorate (people) about campaign issues Helping candidates win elections Monitoring actions of office holders Current political parties, or “platforms”, in America include:political parties 1. Democratic Party – traditionally focus on domestic issues (welfare/


Public Opinion and Political Action. Public Opinion – The distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues. Demography – The.

it is easier for lobby groups to motivate a small section of the people to the polls and influence the outcome of the political process. The outcome of an election where voting is compulsory reflects more of the will of the /president enhances the status of minority interests, contributes to the political stability of the nation by encouraging a two-party system, and maintains a federal system of government and representation. Does the Electoral College give an advantage to large or small states? Large /


Problems with the Electoral College

which stated that the Pres. and the VP would be voted on separately by electors. This guarantees no tie between the one running for Pres. and the one running for VP, and that the VP will most likely be from the same political party. Today, when the people/ process, or even in the end if some states do not adopt the process, one party might gain an unfair advantage. This could happen if some states were dividing up their electoral votes while others were still giving all of their votes to the majority party./


Splash Screen.

political parties on presidential elections? • Based on the historical record of elections, how well has the Electoral College performed in selecting presidents the nation wanted? Section 2 Introduction-1 Section 2 Introduction-2 Electing the President Understanding Concepts Constitutional Interpretations  How has the method of electing a president changed to make the process more democratic? Section Objective Discuss the historical foundations of the Electoral College and/


The U.S. Electoral College

. Schattschneider’s Law: if you create a large popularly elected legislative body, party caucuses will arise in the legislature, and political parties will develop in the electorate. Caucuses and parties are organized attempts to win by concentrating votes (through a bloc vote [in the legislature] or nominating process [in elections]) on a few motions or candidates, They arise because ambitious politicians find it expedient to conspire with others/


Democracy and Participation

plurally. In 2000, the Electoral Commission had been established aiming to restore confidence and integrity in British democracy. However many have questioned the “fairness” of our electoral process as I.) Certain key political posts remain unelected, like the/paper. This is ensured by party and candidate competition. Initially we have had the Conservative Party and the Whigs, and then followed by the formation of the Liberal, Labour and Social Democratic Parties. Electoral choice in Britain has constantly /


REPRESENTATION AND DEMOCRACY

MP elected was Keir Hardie in 1892 and after that it remained a slow process. LONG-TERM CONSEQUENCES: After 1900 with increasing trade union support and the signing of the ‘Lib-Lab’ Pact (the Liberals and Labour agreed not to split the anti/ factor in the development of political parties in Britain in the period of 1830-1931 was the elimination of corruption?’ ‘ To what extent did developments in political parties reflect the changes made to the size and composition of the electorate in Britain in the period/


Voting and Elections Chapter 13

Result of compromise between: Selection by Congress versus direct popular election Three essentials to understanding the design of the Electoral College: Constructed to work without political parties Constructed to cover both the nominating and electing phases of presidential selection Constructed to produce a nonpartisan president The Electoral College in the 19th Century 12th Amendment (1804) Attempt to remedy the confusion between the selection of vice/


Comparative Politics: A Global Introduction Ed. by Michael J

8: Democracy, Chapter How does it Work Chapter 8: Democracy, Chapter How does it Work? State Institutions and Electoral Systems (pp. 194-218) State Institutions: Presidential System (Presidentialism) The president must share power with a / parties that do not address their needs. 8. Citizen Participation, Civil Society, and a Democratic Political Culture: Political Parties play a critical role in the participatory process: providing the main organizational link between politicians who run for office and the/


Electoral Intimidation & Violence in Ghana and Newark: Can we define, measure, and explain patterns across different systems? Megan Reif Charles & Kathleen.

power and/or resources) (2) Protesting or signaling unfairness / seeking reform of unfair systems “It is when an electoral process is perceived as unfair, unresponsive, or corrupt, that its political legitimacy is compromised and stakeholders/L.I.1537 and Amendment L.I.1544) Political Parties Act, 2000 (Act 574) (repeals Political Parties Law, 1992 PNDCL 281)) Laws Governing Electoral Coercion: Ghana Right to Vote: Constitutionally guaranteed Defining Physical Coercion: “Undue Influence” and “Interference in/


Political Participation

unwise (republic). To protect the interests of smaller states and rural areas (Bicameral anyone?) Therefore, the electoral college is a compromise between a popular election, the States, and Congress choosing the President. Electors? Electoral College NARA Video Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution Who chooses Electors? Who are the Electors? State political parties, loyal party members How many Electors in PA? 2 (Senators) + # of Reps (House) per State/


Electoral Participation and Civic Education in Latin America Irma Méndez de Hoyos Irma Méndez de HoyosFLACSO-México.

and non-traditional categories. Voter education and civic education Traditional players: Governmental agencies, Electoral management bodies (EMBs), Political parties, NGOs, Community organizations, Schools, Promotion groups, Young political groups. Voter education and civic/education and civic education One of the trends is to equate citizenship with the right to vote, and therefore the objective of civic education is the participation of citizens in electoral processes. Voter education and civic /


European University Viadrina Electoral Politics in new European Democracies Lecturer Prof. Dr. Timm Beichelt Referee Charlotte Müllenbroich

Administration 71 (1993) 1 / 2, pp. 169 – 217. Hall, Peter A. / Taylor, Rosemary C. R.: Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms, Political Studies XLIV (1996), pp. 936 – 957. Hoffman, Amanda L.: Political parties, Electoral Systems and Democracy: A Cross-national Analysis, European Journal of Political Research 44 (2005), pp. 231 – 242. Electoral System Design. The New International IDEA Handbook 2005. Available online http://www.idea.int/publications/esd/


Political Parties A political party is a broad coalition of individuals who organize to win elections in order to enact a commonly supported set of public.

compelled to act, often by incorporating the third party’s policy proposal into their platforms. Populist Party Progressive Party (aka Bull Moose Party) Green Party Reform Party American Political Parties, 1789–2010 Obstacles to Third Parties and Independents The Democrats and Republicans have controlled state legislatures and Congress for so long that they have successfully structured electoral laws to favor a two-party. State laws typically require thousands of signatures to get that independent/


Instructions for Playing Jeopardy

and free method to select political leaders. Return Which of these is a function of elections in America society? Elections institutionalize political activity. Elections provide regular access to political power. Elections channel political participation through the electoral process/ MOST likely to threaten a candidate’s chances for reelection? Disagreement between the candidate and his/her political party. Increased immigration during the incumbent’s term. Revelations of personal scandal of the incumbent/


Interest Aggregation and Political Parties

party or institution may try to mobilize citizens’ support for its policies. Covert and controlled Process is top-down rather than bottom-up Parties The distinctive and defining goal of a political party - its mobilization of support for policies and / rather than electoral can have both costs and benefits. Minority interests Cooperation and Conflict in Competitive Party Systems Majoritarian two party systems Either dominated by just two parties (U.S), or they have two dominant parties and election laws/


Political Science Module Developed by PQE

/14/2017 Electors Today, party leaders select competing slates of electors who are typically long-time party activists. Electors almost always vote for their party’s candidates (not law – but “penalized”) 4/14/2017 Political Science Module Developed by PQE # of Electors can change Electoral Map (2008) and (2012) OBAMA McCAIN 4/14/2017 Political Science Module Developed by PQE Electors: 21, pledged to Barack Obama and Joe Biden: PA 2008 and 2012 Electors: 21/


Political Parties.

not have a permanent organization, political parties do. Goals of Political Parties 1. Organize the elections 2. Unify the Electorate 3. Organize the Govt 4. Policy making 5. Provide Loyal Opposition aka Honeymoon 6. Recruit Voters/Candidates ·Elect people to office. ·Gain control of government. Nomination Process Caucus *Crossover Voting A meeting or gathering of members of a political party where members deliberate and choose from the list of/


Election 2004 Seminar “Integrity in Elections” El Paso County Clerk and Recorder Robert C. “Bob” Balink May 18, 2004.

political party chairperson, a party candidate, or an unaffiliated candidate, the watcher shall be affiliated with the political party or unaffiliated as shown on the registration books of the county clerk and recorder. Watchers are eligible electors other than a candidate on the ballot who has been selected by a political party chairperson on behalf of the political party, by a party/: CERTIFIED (Process next poll place) ACCUVOTE TAPE, JSB, SIGNATURE/POLLBOOK, SPOILED BALLOT AND PROVISIONAL BALLOTS DO/


The Presidency Magruder Chapter 13.

Republicans – 1,990 delegates Democrats – 4,320 delegates Really are two campaigns for president Primaries and election State laws and/or party rules fix the procedures for picking delegates in each State Can use primaries, conventions, and caucuses Presidential Primaries The Election The Electoral College Today One of the least understood parts of the American political process Constitution provides for the election of the President by the/


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