Ppt on otto cycle free download

1 Experience-Based Approaches to Process Improvement © Otto Vinter / Quality Week 2000 Experience-Based Approaches to Process Improvement - Otto Vinter.

Customer Validation Intermediate Customer Validation Pre-Project StabilizationPartial Implementation Full Implementation Specification and user interface mock-up Released Product Customer Views: Product Views: Cycles: Phases: SpecificationDevelopmentOperation Development Views: 27 Experience-Based Approaches to Process Improvement © Otto Vinter / Iterative Software Development Model Types of Iteration user validation (usability test) exploration (e.g. performance) proof-of-concept (e.g. architecture) well/


Andreas Wendemuth, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, 18.01.2009 1 SOAR Prof. Dr. Andreas Wendemuth Lehrstuhl Kognitive Systeme / Sprachverarbeitung.

proposed, selected and applied u This is a continuous cycle u Rules whose prerequisites do not match any more are retracted (exception: operators) Andreas Wendemuth, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, 18.01.2009 12 /, avoiding an impasse u Example: sp {water-jug*propose*fill (state ^name water-jug ^jug ) --> ( ^operator + ^operator =).... Andreas Wendemuth, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, 18.01.2009 15 Applying (firing)  Example: sp {apply*hello-world (state ^operator ) ( ^name hello-world) /


Further Analysis of Otto’s Ideal Model P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Deeper understanding of Issues related t Practicablity.

Department Deeper understanding of Issues related t Practicablity … Ideal Otto Cycle Net cycle work: Analysis of Otto Cycle Clue to Achieve Higher Efficiency r Hardware Feasibility of Otto Cycle Net cycle work: Piston Displacement volume Work done per unit piston displacement volume: Measure of Size & Feasibility P V2V2 V1V1 Q in W cycle 1 2 3 4 AIR The net cycle work of an engine can be increased by either/


1 Safety Issues for HIE-ISOLDE and nTOF-Ph2 Thomas OTTO, Radiation Protection Group, SC-RP, CERN.

operated at E = 1.4 GeV, I = 2.1  A (P = 3 kW). NUPAC 10.-12.10.2005 Thomas Otto, SC-RP, CERN 3 HIE ISOLDE: Parameters Increase of the average proton beam current: higher input current from LINAC-4 shorter cycle of PS Booster more pulses from PS Booster An overall gain of up to 5 is hoped for: E=1/


8. GAS POWER CYCLES. Objectives Evaluate the performance of gas power cycles for which the working fluid remains a gas throughout the entire cycle. Develop.

initiated by a spark Compression-ignition (CI) engines Air-fuel mixture is self-ignited as a result of compressing the air above the auto- ignition temperature of the fuel OTTO CYCLE: THE IDEAL CYCLE FOR SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Schematic of a two-stroke reciprocating engine. The two-stroke engines are generally less efficient than their four-stroke counterparts but they are relatively simple/


Atkinson Cycle Engines

Otto-cycle engine presented a need for a new crankshaft design Between 1886 and 1893 the British Gas Company built over 1000 Atkinson-cycle engines Figure 1: The Atkinson Cycle engine patent: 1887 [1] Atkinson-Cycle Engines Operates on a four-stroke cycle/ stroke allowing more expansion of combustion gases Greater efficiency when compared to Otto engines Figure 2: The Atkinson Cycle Engine [1] Thermodynamics of Atkinson-Cycle Engine 1. Reversible adiabatic compression 2. Heat addition at constant volume 3/


chapter 8 Gas Power Cycle 8-1 The Analysis of a Cycle 8-1-1 The average temperature of a process We define: That is: 1 2 T s s1s1 s2s2 T.

s s1s1 s2s2 T 8-1-2 The Analysis of a Cycle 1 2 T s s1s1 s2s2 As to a cycle: a b T2T2 T1T1 8-2 Otto Cycle 8-2-1 N. A. Otto Nicolaus August Otto the inventor of the four-stroke cycle was born on 14th June 1831 in Germany. In 1862 /valve. Exhaust gas leaves the cylinder. The volume is decreased. The theory cycle 1 2 3 4 5 p v 8-2-3 The Cycle - The Four Strokes Adiabatic process Theory efficiency of Otto cycle Then : ε compression ratio 8-3 Diesel Cycle 8-2-1 Rudolf Diesel Rudolf Diesel (1858 – 1913) was born /


The Otto Cycle Objective: To provide information of the Otto cycle, examples, and applications Johnny Lee.

: To provide information of the Otto cycle, examples, and applications Johnny Lee What is it? A cycle involving the conversion of energy created by the combustion of an explosive gas to mechanical energy A 4 stroke cycle involving the suction of an explosive gas, compression, ignition, and expulsion/ Engine: 4 stroke internal combustion engine What is it? Conclusion knowledge of the Otto cycle and it’s applications References www.answers.com www.howstuffworks.com www.wikipedia.org www.quasiturbine.com


Analysis of Diesel Cycle and Scope for Modification P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Creation of Rational Models for Engines…

Heat Removal Q out AIR BC Cycle thermal efficiency: Net cycle work: First Law Analysis of Air Standard Diesel Cycle Typical CI Engines 15 < r < 20 When r c (= v 3 /v 2 )  1 the Diesel cycle efficiency approaches the efficiency of the Otto cycle Thermal Efficiency r c =1 r/1 1 2 2 2.5 3 3 4 4 Thermal Efficiency Note, the Otto cycle (r c =1) and the Diesel cycle (  =1) are special cases: The use of the Dual cycle requires information about either: i)the fractions of constant volume and constant pressure heat/


CSDMS Annual Meeting 2016: Capturing Climate Change May 2016 Bette Otto-Bliesner Climate Dynamics of Tropical Africa: Capturing Paleoclimate.

Africa and alkenone measurements from two sediment cores near Portuguese margin Interpretation: African “humidity index” displays eccentricity-modulated precessional cycles (~20 kyr), with millennial variations correlated with North Atlantic SSTs deMenocal, Science, 2008 CSDMS Annual Meeting 2016: Capturing Climate Change May 2016 Bette Otto-Bliesner ottobli@ucar.edu Models − Glacial-Interglacial: Orbital Forcing CLIMBER2 AOV Model Simulation Interpretation: Recurrence of humid periods/


SUB- ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS (2131905) GAS POWER CYCLE -Prepared by PARIKH MANTHAN ASHOKBHAI(141033119006) PATEL JEEMITKUMAR DILIPBHAI(141033119007)

by PARIKH MANTHAN ASHOKBHAI(141033119006) PATEL JEEMITKUMAR DILIPBHAI(141033119007) CHAUHAN DHARMPALSINH (131030119010) OM INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,VANTVACHHODA 8-2 Otto Cycle N. A. Otto Nicolaus August Otto the inventor of the four-stroke cycle was born on 14th June 1831 in Germany. In 1862 he began first experiments with four-strokes engines. The first four-stroke engines is shown. they correspond to the todays /


Heat Engines Heat Engines. Heat Engine cycles. Carnot cycle. Refrigerators & Air conditioners. Heat Pumps. 2 nd Law considerations. Entropy.

to cold that provides mechanical work – Expanding piston car engine. – Hot reservoir inside engine, cold reservoir tailpipe – “Internal combustion” engine. Heat Engine Animations Otto Cycle (automobile) http://www.animatedengines.com/otto.html Otto Cycle (automobile) https://sites.google.com/site/physicsflash/home/otto Energy flow and efficiency Efficiency Example “Everything” problem – getting efficiency ΔUΔUWorkQ a -> b+6000 J+4000 J10000 J b -> c-4500 J0/


Thermodynamic Cycles for CI engines In early CI engines the fuel was injected when the piston reached TC and thus combustion lasted well into the expansion.

TC BC AIR 2  3 Constant Pressure Heat Addition Q in First Law Analysis of Diesel Cycle Equations for processes 1  2, 4  1 are the same as those presented for the Otto cycle AIR 3  4 Isentropic Expansion note v 4 =v 1 so  For cold air-standard/ than one so for the same compression ratio, r, the Diesel cycle has a lower thermal efficiency than the Otto cycle When r c (=v 3 /v 2 )  1 the Diesel cycle efficiency approaches the efficiency of the Otto cycle Modern CI Engines 12 < r < 23 The cut-off ratio /


Otto Cycle to Diesel Cycle P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Creation of Religious Engines…

) 2’ 3’ C (ii) 4’’ 3’’ ii) Increase Q in (2  3”) 4’ C Creation of Compact Engines Using Otto Cycle (200 CC) rvrv MEP, MPa Q in = 100J/cycle) Q in = 200J/cycle) Q in = 500J/cycle) The Historical Event in Automobiles In 1893, the Benz Velo became the worlds first inexpensive, mass-produced car. 12000 unites were produced. 0.7 hp and 958cc/


Automobiles By Maribel Nieto INTRODUCTORY NICOLAS JOSEPH CUGNOT OTTO AND EUGENE BENZ THE DUELS HENRY FORD CONC- LUSION BIBLIO- GRAPHY.

be Leonardo da Vinci. The automobile that he made was windmill-powered. NICOLAS JOSEPH CUGNOT OTTO AND EUGENE BENZ THE DUELS HENRY FORD CONC- LUSION BIBLIO- GRAPHY INTRODUCTORY Otto and Eugene Nicolaus Otto invented the first gas motor engine. It was invented in 1876. He named it the Otto Cycle Engine. Before he developed an interest in new technologies, he was a traveling salesman. He/


LS2 Safety Thomas Otto, LS2 Safety Coordinator.

Training Personal protective equipment PLAN the necessary time, manpower and budget for safety measures Document your Procedures Thomas Otto, LS2 Safety Coordinator9 Comprehensive documentation Achieve and maintain high quality Basis for technical training Facilitates the hazard and /Based on the exposition to risk of personnel, Safety training must be up-to-date Remember 3-year refresher cycle of Safety training ! Assess safety training needs of newcomers (allow for sufficient time before 1 st access in/


The Otto Engine Alexander Sitt 28 March 2009. Background Nikolaus Otto, German engineer Born in Holzhausen an de Haide, 1832 Developed the first functioning.

engineer Born in Holzhausen an de Haide, 1832 Developed the first functioning 4-stroke engine (Otto cycle) http://www.erfinder.at/tag-der- erfinder/de/images/Nikolaus%20Otto.jpg Engine One / compressed fuel/air mixture Regulated by a centrifugal governor controlling intake of fuel Water jacket around cylinder for cooling http://www.ohtm.org/eng_otto.html Otto Cycle (4-stroke) Strokes: –Intake of fuel/air mix (constant pressure) –Compression mix (adiabatic) –Power ignition (constant pressure) –Exhaust forced/


Ship Propulsion Systems STEAMDIESELOTHERConventionalNuclear Slow Speed Medium Speed Gas Turbine Combined Cycle DIESEL PROPULSION.

& air at atmospheric pressure COMPRESSION—to TDC POWER— –Sparkplug ignition –Constant volume heating –Expansion EXHAUST—at atmospheric pressure PRESS VOL Idealized GASOLINE ENGINE DIESEL vs. OTTO CYCLE TDC BDC PRESS VOL DIESEL TDC BDC PRESS VOL OTTO (Gasoline) Linear to Rotational Motion CRANK SHAFT WEB CRANK PIN CONNECTING ROD WRIST PIN PISTON RINGS Linear to Rotational Motion TIMING CIRCLE Crank-pin position as/


EGR 334 Thermodynamics Chapter 9: Sections 5-6

to model internal combustion engines Used as a model for gas turbines (such as jet engines). Heat addition occurs in two steps Sec 9.4 : Air-Standard Duel Cycle Neither the Otto or Diesel cycle describe the actual P-v diagrams of an engine Heat addition occurs in two steps 2 – 3 : Constant volume heat addition 3 – 4 : Constant pressure heat addition (first/


Cequent Group “The Development Of A Tie Down Ratchet Group 2 Stephen Smith Otto Gerdeman Adam Schmitz.

the team organized and focused  Adam Schmitz- Purchasing Agent  Obtains and orders equipment & material  Controls/upkeeps the budget  Otto Gerdeman- Technical Liaison  Coordinates business with the University machine shop  Controls drawings and maintains communication throughout the manufacturing stages 3 Project / 13 Fatigue Analysis for Hook Snaps Modeled as a straight beam Givens: Unknowns: δ 14 Stress Amplitude vs. Cycles to Failure Approx. 0.70ksi 15 Final Dimensions D=0.40 in d=0.32 in L=0.40 in/


CARDIAC CYCLE DR : SAIDALAVI. Carl John Wiggers Sir Thomas Lewis Otto Frank Ernest H Starling.

CARDIAC CYCLE DR : SAIDALAVI Carl John Wiggers Sir Thomas Lewis Otto Frank Ernest H Starling Introduction Principal function of cardiovascular system is to deliver oxygen and nutrients to and remove/ systole, v-wave at end-systole y-descent corresponding to atrial filling during ventricular diastole  WIGGERS DIAGRAM  EVENTS IN CARDIAC CYCLE  PRESSURE VOLUME LOOP  RV CARDIAC CYCLE RV cycle RV v/s LV Rt Ventricular Pressure wave 1/5 th dp/dt is less Isovolumic contraction & relaxation phases are short. /


Creation of Ideal Cycles for Internal Combustion Engines P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Basic Thermodynamic Structure of an.

BC Q in Q out Compression Process Const volume heat addition Process Expansion Process Const volume heat rejection Process Otto Cycle Active Part of the Innovation Simplified Thermodynamic Cycles Air-standard analysis is used to perform elementary analyses of IC engine cycles. Simplifications to the real cycle include: 1) Intake and exhaust processes not considered 2) Fixed amount of air (ideal gas) for working fluid/


Thomas N. Otto a, Peter Pfeifer b, Silke Behrens a, Bernhard Powietzka a a Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, ITC-CPV, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe b.

Div. Petr. Chem. 2007, 52 (2), 163 [4] P. Pfeifer et al., chimica oggi (Chemistry Today) 25 (2007) 42-46 [5] Thomas N. Otto, Chem. Ing. Tech. 2009, 81 (3), 349-356 [6] John R. Monnier Journal of Catalysis 203, 362–368 (2001) [7] Mark A. Barteau/of 1,3-butadiene [8]. Results Figure 3. Tubular fixed-bed reactor. Mechanism of Catalyzed Epoxidation Figure 4. Formation from the oxametalla cycle intermediate [7]. Figure 7. Possible interpretation of the modeled E a. The arrow above the C 4 H 6 O species represents/


Friday, March 4, 2011 Riga Prof. Dr. Harald Hagemann, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart Capitalist Development, Innovations, Business Cycles and Unemployment:

s Seminar and the Marxian Challenge: The Formative Years 3.The Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik 4.Business Cycles and Capitalist Development 5.Technological Unemployment 6.Schumpeter and Lederer: Two Social Economists UNIVERSITÄT HOHENHEIM PROF. DR. /. Besides Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973), the Austromarxists Otto Bauer (1881-1938), Rudolf Hilferding (1877-1941) and Otto Neurath (1882-1945) were among Schumpeter and Lederer’s fellow students. Otto Bauer (1904-5) wrote his first major essay on/


UNIT 6 Streets Full of Heroes Joe talks to Janet aboutJoe talks to Janet about his London hero his London hero Cycle challengeCycle challenge A pilot’s.

Joe talks to Janet aboutJoe talks to Janet about his London hero his London hero Cycle challengeCycle challenge A pilot’s act of braveryA pilot’s act of bravery My hero is/ 希腊 Glasgow 格拉斯哥 ( 英 格兰中南部港市 ) Athens 雅典 Outside view when where who what why 米科诺斯岛 格拉斯哥 Outside view Otto Bock US Language and Culture (1): Otto Bock Otto Bock is a German prosthetics company. It was founded in 1919 by its namesake prosthetist, Otto Bock. It was created in reaction to the large number of injured veterans from World War I/


The Blind Spot of Leadership: How to Create Deep Innovation Through Moving from Egosystem to Ecosystem Awareness Oct 23, 2010, SVN Fall Conference Otto.

Leadership for innovating at the scale of the whole system ©2009 Otto Scharmer  Civic infra- structures for empowering consumers + deepening democracy  Governance 4.0  Relinking economic w. ecological cycles (closed loop design; prop. Rights for commons)  Relinking economy/ and self Source of energy, inspiration and will Manifest action Thinking Process, structure Two Sources of Learning, Two Learning Cycles A. Learning by reflecting on the experiences of the past act - observe - reflect - plan - act B./


INTRODUCTION DATA SELECTED RESULTS HYDROLOGIC CYCLE FUTURE WORK REFERENCES Land Ice Ocean x1°, x3° Land T85,T42,T31 Atmosphere T85,T42,T31 2.8 x 2.8 Sea.

, M. Holland, J. Truesdale, and P.Rasch, 2006: Simulation of the global hydrological cycle in the CCSM community atmosphere model version 3 (CAM3): Mean features. J. Climate, 19, 2199-2221. Otto-Bliesner, B.L., E. Brady, G. Clauzet, R. Tomas, S. Levis, and/, 19, 2526-2544. Peltier 2004 Using CCSM3 to Understand the Global Hydrological Cycle at Last Glacial Maximum Melissa A. Burt 1, David A. Randall 1, and Bette Otto-Bliesner 2 1 Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, /


ENGR 100 Engine Dissection Project Information. Engine Dissection Project 3.5 HP single cylinder, 4 cycle engine, made by Briggs and Stratton in Milwaukee,

is released in the form of expanding gas this energy is converted into motion Four-stroke combustion cycle a.k.a. Otto cycle (invented by Nikolaus Otto in 1867). Four strokes: intake compression power (combustion) exhaust Internal combustion engines Reciprocating engine /cylinder. Intake valve opens near end of stroke. Crankcase Exhaust Manifold Exhaust Valve Intake Valve Four-stroke combustion cycle 1. Intake2. Compression 3. Combustion 4. Exhaust Animation of four strokes Engine parts: crankshaft Turns the/


ENGR 100 Engine Dissection Project Information. Engine Dissection Project 3.5 HP single cylinder, 4 cycle engine, made by Briggs and Stratton in Milwaukee,

released in the form of expanding gas this energy is converted into motion Four-stroke combustion cycle a.k.a. Otto cycle (invented by Nikolaus Otto in 1867). Four strokes: intake compression power (combustion) exhaust Engine parts Intake Stroke Intake /from cylinder. Intake valve opens near end of stroke. Crankcase Exhaust Manifold Exhaust Valve Intake Valve Four-stroke combustion cycle 1. Intake2. Compression 3. Combustion 4. Exhaust Animation of four strokes Engine parts: crankshaft Turns the pistons /


* United Institute of Informatics Problem, Minsk, Belarus ** Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, Magdeburg, Germany Calculation of the stability radius of an.

Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, Magdeburg, Germany Calculation of the stability radius of an optimal line balance Yuri N. Sotskov*, Frank Werner**, Aksana Zatsiupa* Statement of dual problems 2 1 6 5 42 3 … SALBP-1 is to find an optimal balance of the assembly line for the given cycle/Sotskov, Y.N.; Dolgui, A.; Portmann, M.-C. (2006): Stability analysis of optimal balance for assembly line with fixed cycle time. European Journal of Operational Research. vol. 168. p. 783−797. 3. Sotskov, Y.N.; Dolgui, A.; /


EXAMPLE PROBLEMS FOR MIDTERM I. PROBLEM 1 For an air standard ideal Otto cycle the pressure and temperature at the beginning of compression are 90 kPa.

EXAMPLE PROBLEMS FOR MIDTERM I PROBLEM 1 For an air standard ideal Otto cycle the pressure and temperature at the beginning of compression are 90 kPa and 300 K respectively. The temperature at the end of heat input at / 980 kJ/kg Wnet = 666 kJ/kg Pe = 778 kJ/kg Problem 3 The temperature and pressure of the reactants at the beginning of compression in an otto cycle is 25 C and 90 kPa respectively. The temperature and pressure of the reactants at the end of compression is 320 C and 1500 kPa. The fuel used is/


Chris Treadwell. BACKGROUND  Nicolaus Otto first to develop functioning four stroke engine.  German Engineer  Developed 1876.

.  German Engineer  Developed 1876 THE ENGINE  Similar to modern engines  Single cylinder  Hit-and-miss  Four stoke process  Spark plug ignition  Water jacket for cooling FOUR STROKE CYCLE P-V CYCLE MODERN OTTO ENGINES REFERENCES  Glenn Research Center, http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K- 12/airplane/Images/otto.gif. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-  Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolaus_Otto.


Petrol engine and diesel engine 1. Cycle ( Otto and diesel) 2. comparison.

Petrol engine and diesel engine 1. Cycle ( Otto and diesel) 2. comparison Otto cycle ( theoretical) Suction stroke Compression stroke Working stroke Exhaust stroke Suction stroke Stroke is represented by the/ process) Exhaust opens and drop in pressure is represented by EB. Exhaust stroke Process is represented by a horizontal line BA. Diesel cycle Suction stroke This process is represented by the horizontal line AB. Compression stroke Adiabatic process represented by the line BC. Power stroke Constant/


An Automata-Theoretical Characterization of Context-Free Trace Languages Benedek Nagy Friedrich Otto Department of Computer Science Fachbereich Elektrotechnik/Informatik.

1 The alphabet can be partitioned: Accepted language Without rewriting/restarting step (tail computation) Allowing rewriting/restarting steps (cycles): CD systems Cooperating Distributed system More than 1 device, work one after the other several modes are known For/ one. Kasseler Informatikschriften, 2010, 2, Kassel Univ. https://kobra.bibliothek.uni-kassel.de/ Nagy, B., Otto, F.: CD-Systems of Stateless Deterministic R(1)-Automata Governed by an External Pushdown Store, Kasseler Informatikschriften 2010/


A Framework for Classification of Change Approaches Based on a Comparison of Process Improvement Models Otto Vinter DELTA IT Processes, Tel: +45 7219 4000,

Copenhagen, 2 DELTA reports, book, papers, 2 PhDs Products:A model and a method Talent@IT Project in Brief Critical Success Factors Are Life-cycle Dependent Life-cycle Models for Change Projects Software Process Improvement (SPI) –IDEAL 1.0 (1996) –SPICE (ISO 15504-7:1998) New Technology Implementation –INTRo (/Projects Development Evaluation Use Rollout Routinization Infusion More Information ? Talent@IT www.talent-it.dk Otto Vinter DELTA IT Processes, Tel: +45 7219 4000, Fax: +45 7219 4001 otv@delta.dk


Ultra-mobile computing trends Otto Berkes, Architect Simon Poile, Product Unit Manager Mobile Platforms Division Microsoft Corporation Otto Berkes, Architect.

, Architect Simon Poile, Product Unit Manager Mobile Platforms Division Microsoft Corporation Otto Berkes, Architect Simon Poile, Product Unit Manager Mobile Platforms Division Microsoft Corporation Value of full PC/.e., low) Hardware: Batteries Use standard cylindrical batteries if possible Li-ion has higher energy density than li- polymer, and more robust cycle lifetime 18650 li-ion battery is standard, high-volume, multi-vendor component For larger form factors, the combination of low cost and high energy/


Otto Heinrich Warburg By: Miranda, Nathania & Aliny.

Won the Nobel Prize in 1931 Dr. Otto Heinrich Warburg Historical Context Prior knowledge: -Fermentation -Theory of Genetics -Conversion of Glucose to Lactic Acid Undiscovered: -ATP -Citric Acid Cycle -Glycolysis Pathway Experiment Purpose: To determine / and carbon dioxide. Root Cause: -Smoking - Fast Food - Food Additives Treatment: -Respiratory enzymes - Iron - B vitamins References: 1)Otto Warburg, "On The Origin of Cancer Cells," SCIENCE, (24FEB1956), Volume 123, Number 3191, pp. 309-314. 2) Koppenol, W./


Mechanical engineering

liquid state exists inside the turbine. Condensation in the turbine can be devastating as it can cause corrosion and erosion of the blades. Otto Cycle Diesel Cycle Dual Cycle Gas Turbine Cycle (or Joule-Brayton Cycle) Refrigeration Cycles The ideal refrigeration cycle is reverse of Carnot cycle, working as a heat pump instead of as a heat engine. COP (efficiency) = Ql / W = Tl / (Th – Tl) (for Carnot) However, there/


Chapter 9 Gas Power Systems. Learning Outcomes ►Conduct air-standard analyses of internal combustion engines based on the Otto, Diesel, and dual cycles,

Power Systems Learning Outcomes ►Conduct air-standard analyses of internal combustion engines based on the Otto, Diesel, and dual cycles, including the ability to ►sketch p- v and T-s diagrams and evaluate property /, thermal efficiency, and mean effective pressure. Learning Outcomes ►Conduct air-standard analyses of gas turbine power plants based on the Brayton cycle and its modifications, including the ability to ►sketch T-s diagrams and evaluate property data at principal states. ►applying mass, energy/


The Sick Social Cycle: Victim’s Escape Model

’s Escape Model Conceptual Workshow The Sick Social Cycle: Victim’s Escape Model Jason Otto Based on Ch. 13 of Elementary Principles of Behavior 4.0 (Malott, Malott, & Trojan, 2000) 22 / does aversive behavior Victim gives attention, approval or compliance No attention approval or compliance Perpetrator does no aversive behavior Complaints and Compliments Sick Social Cycle Complaints and Compliments When Jill is getting dressed to go out, and sometimes just after looking in the mirror, she says things like,/


Generative Historical Syntax and the Linguistic Cycle

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hengeveld, Kees 1992. Non-verbal Predication. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Hodge, Carleton 1970. The Linguistic Cycle. Linguistic Sciences: 13: 1-7. Hoeksema, Jack 2009. Jespersen Recycled. In Elly van Gelderen Cyclical Change, 15-34. /in early Middle English. English Studies 59: 295-309. Jespersen, Otto 1917 [1966]. Negation in English and other Languages. Copenhagen: A.F. Høst. [second edition] Jespersen, Otto 1922. Language. London: Allen & Unwin. Katz, Aya 1996/


Problem Ideal and Actual Gas-Turbine (Brayton) Cycles 9–73

of 110 MW. Answer: 250 kg/s. Problem Second-Law Analysis of Gas Power Cycles 9–122 Determine the total exergy destruction associated with the Otto cycle described in Problem 9–34, assuming a source temperature of 2000 K and a sink /kg SKIP THE FOLLOWING SLIDES…! Second-law Analysis of Gas Power Cycles The ideal Otto, Diesel, and Brayton cycles may involve irreversibilities external to the system. A second-law analysis of these cycles will reveal where the largest irreversibilities occur and where to start /


Sir Hans Krebs and the citric acid cycle. (1900-1981) 1932 1937 1957.

Set up a small laboratory “on the side”. Research assistant with Otto Warburg at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin –Nobel prize for Physiology and Medicine in 1931 Otto Warburg (1926-1930) Technique of manometry Tissue slice experimental system Stoichiometry / rates of oxidation of tricarboxylic and dicarboxylic acids Quantitated the catalytic effects of the tricarboxylic and dicarboxylic acids. Suggested a cycle! 4C6C 5C CO 2 2C Sum:2C 2 CO 2 What did Krebs do? Clever experiments with malonate, which /


CHAPTER 8 Gas Power Cycles. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 8-1 FIGURE 8-1 Modeling is a.

McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 8-11 FIGURE 8-16 Thermal efficiency of the ideal Otto cycle as a function of compression ratio (k = 1.4). Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for/ reproduction or display. 8-12 FIGURE 8-18 The thermal efficiency of the Otto cycle increases with the specific heat ratio k of the working fluid. Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required/


FRACTURE MECHANICS AND FATIGUE DESIGN HANS MF PANJAITAN Marinteknisk Senter Otto Nielsens Veg 10 7491 Trondheim Norway Mobile: +47-98489714.

FRACTURE MECHANICS AND FATIGUE DESIGN HANS MF PANJAITAN Marinteknisk Senter Otto Nielsens Veg 10 7491 Trondheim Norway Mobile: +47-98489714 Basic Concepts S max : maximum stress in cycle S min : minimum stress in cycle S m : mean stress in cycle Stress Range: ∆S = S max – S min / mechanics approach. The basic assumption in the Miner summation method is that the ’damage’ on the structure per load cycle is constant at a given stress range and equal to: where N is the constant amplitude endurance at the given /


THERMODYNAMICS CYCLES RELATED TO POWER PLANTS  The steam power plants works on modified rankine cycle in the case of steam engines  Isentropic cycle.

generation it is complicated and depends upon the type of the system 1 CLASSIFICATION OF POWER PLANT CYCLE Power plants cycle generally divided in to the following groups. (1) Vapour Power Cycle (Carnot cycle, Rankine cycle, Regenerative cycle, Reheat cycle, Binary vapour cycle) (2) Gas Power Cycles (Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, Dual combustion cycle, Gas turbine cycle.) 2 RANKINE CYCLE Steam engine and steam turbines in which steam is used as working medium follow Rankine/


Otto C. Winzen Lifetime Achievement Award

and selection recommendation for this award There is no higher award or honor in the advancement of ballooning than the Otto C. Winzen Award The award selection process has been rewritten to be in line with the AIAA provided guidelines What/ the written procedures Quantitative rating criteria included as part of the selection process Nominations are held for two subsequent award cycles as long as the nominee is eligible for the award Previous Winzen Award Recipients 2005 Sigvard Stenlund 2004 James Rand /


Conceptual Workshow The Sick Social Cycle: Victim’s Punishment Model Jason Otto Based on Ch. 13 of Elementary Principles of Behavior 4.0 (Malott, Malott,

Conceptual Workshow The Sick Social Cycle: Victim’s Punishment Model Jason Otto Based on Ch. 13 of Elementary Principles of Behavior 4.0 (Malott, Malott, & Trojan, 2000) 21 /that the non-behavior is an aversive imposition for Susie the perpetrator. So make sure your punishment model isn’t actually a victims escape cycle, as it should be here in the bottom model. BeforeBehaviorAfter BeforeBehavior ? After A.Perpetrator does inappropriate aversive behaviorPerpetrator does inappropriate aversive behavior/


Otto Heinrich Warburg (Friburgo in Brisgovia, 8 ottobre 1883 – Berlino, 1 agosto 1970)

scientists. The Prime Cause and Prevention of Cancer Lecture at the meeting of the Nobel-Laureates on June 30, 1966 at Lindau, Lake Constance, Germany by Otto Warburg Director, Max Planck-Institute for Cell Physiology, Berlin-Dahlem Warburg effect: reprogramming of gene expression that alters glucose metabolism and enables cells to suppress apoptotic / reduced intracellular R- 2HG levels in vitro. HMS-101 induced apoptosis in IDH1mut cells as evidenced by Annexin V staining and cell cycle analysis by BrDU


CERN IT Department CH-1211 Genève 23 Switzerland www.cern.ch/i t Windows Desktop Applications Life-cycle Management Sebastien Dellabella, Rafal Otto Internet.

Windows Desktop Applications Life-cycle Management Sebastien Dellabella, Rafal Otto Internet Services Group IT Department CERN IT Department CH-1211 Genève 23 Switzerland www.cern.ch/i t Windows Desktop Applications Life-cycle Management - 2 Agenda Components/SEVERITYSEVERITY CERN IT Department CH-1211 Genève 23 Switzerland www.cern.ch/i t Windows Desktop Applications Life-cycle Management - 15 Agenda Components of the Windows application management activity at CERN –Application pool –Deployment tools –/


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