Ppt on object-oriented concepts interview questions

Using UML, Patterns, and Java Object-Oriented Software Engineering Requirements Elicitation Chapter 4 Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML,

on application domain Modified from originals of Bruegge &. Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and Java 26 Nonfunctional Requirements: Trigger Questions User interface and human factors  What type of user will/Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and Java 35 JAD Activities  Project definition  Facilitator determines objectives and scope of project through interviews with project manager and client  Research  Facilitator interviews present/


THE MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS). Marketing research is project oriented and has a beginning and an ending. It feeds /METHODS: Information can be collected by mail, telephone, or personal interview. THE MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM (MIS). C.2.4. SAMPLING / from additional analysis. This analysis helps to answer the questions related to "what if" and "which is best."/whether they satisfy the companys objectives. 5.3.6. Product development. Product development turns the concept into a prototype of the/

Impact schools. Impact Schools High-quality, achievement-oriented schools dedicated to providing disadvantaged learners across South Africa with affordable.

(SAESC). Ten stakeholders were interviewed. While members of SAESC were familiar with the concept of Third Sector Schools, most interviewees in the Private and Government Sectors struggled to define or understand this concept — often questioning if the initiative was private/behind the name is sound. Making an impact on young minds. Ties in nicely with the overall objective. Clear, goal-oriented and objectives-based. SAESC Not sure if the schooling element is strong enough. Sounds too everyday. Prefacing it /

Objectives The aim of this topic is to introduce the concepts of measurement and metrics as well as the practical skills necessary to define and count.

Measure predefined product attributes (generally related to ISO9126 Software Characteristics) The Goal Question Metrics (GQM) Approach The GQM approach is based on the idea that/ correspondence factor between Object-Oriented Function Points and Function Points Size – Arpad method Measures performed at the beginning of the Concept Exploration can only /calculation considers factors as number of people to be interviewed, number of days required to the interviews, number input and output screens, reports, menus /

1 Object Oriented Analysis and Design with UML UNIT 1.

-471-19161-2 10 The Object Oriented Paradigm UNIT 1 11 Questions to be answered 4 Why is Object Orientation (OO) Popular? 4 Why is switching to OO not trivial 4 An Object Oriented Paradigm? 4 Overview of OO Concepts 4 Overview of OO Techniques/ 77 … Form Analysis Task Analysis How to Elicit Knowledge... Objective and Goal Analysis Scenario based Analysis Reuse From Users 78 How to Elicit Knowledge... 4 From users –interviews, questionnaires, brainstorming sessions, … –Problems experienced : Users that/

Requirements Elicitation

Object-orientation and functional decomposition Functional decomposition leads to unmaintainable code Depending on the purpose of the system, different objects/outside the system? These two questions are answered in the requirements/objects with the same name refer to the same concept Maintain consistency: verify that objects do not refer to the same concept using different names Eliminate objects/objectives and scope of project through interviews with project manager and client Research Facilitator interviews/

Object-Oriented Reengineering Patterns Serge Demeyer Stéphane Ducasse Oscar Nierstrasz www.iam.unibe.ch/~scg/OORP.

, S. Ducasse, O. Nierstrasz Object-Oriented Reengineering.21 First Contact System experts Chat with the Maintainers Interview during Demo Talk with developers Talk with/Nierstrasz Object-Oriented Reengineering.31 Detailed Model Capture Expose the design & make sure it stays exposed Tie Code and Questions Refactor /Object-Oriented Reengineering.49 Extract run-time coupling Apply datamining (“google”) Experiment with documented open-source cases (Ant, JMeter)  recall: +- 90 %  precision: +- 60 % Key Concept/

SEARCH COMMITTEE ORIENTATION. Board Room 6:30 PM 2 Search Committee Orientation Objective Provide the Search Committee with the necessary tools (i.e.,

Orientation Objective Provide the Search Committee with the necessary tools (i.e., job announcements, screening guidelines) to recommend the candidate(s) with the specific combination of education and experience that will best enhance the goals and objectives/) Policy The District is committed to the concept and principles of providing equal opportunity in employment and/12 Committee Responsibilities (Continued) Develop job related interview questions that encourage the candidate to elaborate on related /

SUCCESSFUL BUSINESS PLANNING FOR ENTREPRENEURS © South-Western Thomson Chapter 13Slide 1 CHAPTER 13 Human Resource Management OBJECTIVES 13-1 Define the.

OBJECTIVES 13-1 Define the three management functions. 13-2 Explain the concept and procedures of staffing. 13-3 Discuss theories of management style. 13-4 Explain the concept/ Chapter 13Slide 24 An Alternative Theory Theory Z is more worker oriented than MacGregor’s XY theory, which views motivation primarily from the/FOR ENTREPRENEURS © South-Western Thomson Chapter 13Slide 51 Guidelines for Job Interview Questions (continued) Misinformation Applicants should be given notice that any misinformation or /

Using qualitative and quantitative methods to develop ethnic identity questions in the UK Alita Nandi and Lucinda Platt ISER, University of Essex with.

of education, sexual orientation) Research Methods Festival 2010, Oxford 22 Quantitative Testing: Results (1) Do these questions ‘work’ for majority/the interviews:  We concluded that groupness wasn’t necessarily a prior for identity  We would ask objective /questions in a probe to see if respondents interpreted these as same or different concepts  Later interviews asked questions on ‘happy to meet someone who comes from….’ to measure closeness/belonging Research Methods Festival 2010, Oxford 33 Interviews/

ORIENTATION AND TRAINING EMPLOYEES Chapter 5 Prepared by : Ly Sokcheu Updated : 1 st September, 2012 1.

Chapter 5 Prepared by : Ly Sokcheu Updated : 1 st September, 2012 1 Chapter Objectives Define orientation and training Describe the types of orientation Explain who are responsible for orientation Discuss the benefits of orientation Explain the training process After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 2 I. Orientation 1.What is orientation?  Process which is used to introduce new employees to know about their jobs/

 Read pg. 477-478 (top) featuring a very unique personality, Steve Irwin. Read the selection with this question in mind:  Which traits characterized.

interviewing Sigmund Freud, the father of the Psychodynamic Theory of Personality. Highlights of your interview/oriented and care more about relationships than getting things done? ▪ Researchers believe that self-efficacy is fostered by parents who are stimulating and responsive to their children. ▪ Group Question/-response relations with no unifying structural concepts tying these pieces together  Dehumanizing /deliberate. He/she has a sober, objective, rational, and practical judgment. Demands little/



A complete presentation. Objectivity; replicability; the role of paradigms The application of scientific method MAJOR FEATURES OF A SCIENCE.

data.  Rather than focusing on objectivity, qualitative researchers aim to demonstrate the /community. It provides a general theoretical orientation that is accepted by the majority /questions Generated an appropriate set of questions. Planned the order in which the questions will be presented. Planned the interview to obtain the required balance between structured and unstructured interviewing. Stage 3: The interview/consequences might well follow.  The concept of statistical significance is central to /

Chapter 3 Objectives The Marketing Environment

so: 1) important to watch for interviewer bias 2) accuracy For further details/ Stage Occupation Economic situation Personality & Self-Concept Lifestyle 7 7 Psychological Factors Motivation Perception / Achievers Experiencers Principle Oriented Status Oriented Action Oriented Believers Strivers Makers /topic see page471-478 11 Collecting feedback Question target audience members Remember message? Specific /of sales Competitive parity Objective and task Objectives setting objectives Sales Media decisions Reach/

The Conceptual Design Featuring The Concept Of Operations

important activity is to cast these information artifact as key concepts and business objects. Information (Documents/Forms) © 2012 Joseph F Iaquinto, /often result from lack of technical expertise) Loaded question Questionable cause Hasty generalization Slippery slope Weak analogy Inconsistency/and technical jargon in place of rationale oriented statements. This both distracts the reader /How Business Reacts to Events Discover the artifact driven reactions Interviews (caution) “Time and Motion Studies” i.e.,/


agile methods  New textbooks purporting modern, innovative learning approaches  Infusing software engineering concepts into pre- requisite courses (Introductory Programming)  Active Learning / engagement / in/1: Interview a Professional A SSIGNMENT 1 Your task is to interview an “MIS professional” about SAD (Systems Analysis and Design) topics. The main question to/Cases 7. Data Modeling and Analysis 8. Process Modeling 9. Object-Oriented Analysis and Modeling Using the UML 10. Feasibility Analysis and the/

Three Ways to Do Sociology

Orientations 4/15/2017 John 3:16 Scientific sociology Study of society based on systematic observation of social behavior Called “positivism” Objective reality exists out there Verified by our senses 4/15/2017 John 3:16 Concepts, Variables, and Measurement Concept://2017 John 3:16 Conducting Interviews A series of questions a researcher asks respondents in person Some interviews are best done in a open ended manner 4/15/2017 John 3:16 Conducting Interviews Researcher must guard against influencing answers/

Chapter 5 Staffing Supervision: Concepts and Practices of Management, Second Canadian Edition Hilgert, Leonard, Shemko, and Docherty © 2005 by Nelson,

applicant will fit in with the organization and other employees. 5-18 Interviewing Approaches Directive interviewinterviewer guides the discussion along a predetermined course Nondirective interviewinterviewer asks open- ended questions that allow latitude in responses 5-19 Planning and Conducting an Interview 1.Carefully review the application, resume, and background information. 2.Determine objectives, form of interview, and questions to ask. 3.Find a quiet, private place for the/

Observation and Interviewing

the immediate context Semi-structured Topics selected in advance Researcher determines sequence and wording during interview. Standardized open-ended Exact wording and sequence of questions predetermined. Types of Interview Questions Six types of interview questions: Background/demographic questions Knowledge questions Experience/behavior questions Opinion/values questions Feelings questions Sensory questions Interviewing Behavior Respect the culture of the group being studied Respect the individual being/

Main Concepts of Process Modeling

details is often impossible Therefore: Planning is essentially organization Questions: How should that be done? What has to/ Calgary 2004 Prof.Dr.Michael M. Richter Overview: Basic Concepts (1) Description process Description of a set of activities that/ Product Models We need the specification of hierarchical, object-oriented product models. A product type defines the structure/session Interviews with experts: GQM goal setting Interpret collected data and compare to goals Identify GQM goals Interviews with /

Assessment August 2008 Site Visits, Interviews, Focus Groups

, or process in question. Suggestions for improvements will/Objectives for the Workshop and Expected Outcomes Gain Alignment on the Safety Assessment Findings and Recommendations / the Priorities for Action Discuss Safety Leadership Concepts/Interviews Injury Frequencies Injury Classifications Industry Comparisons Workers Comp Cost Analysis Indirect Injury Cost Analysis Over 86 people interviewed/ Implement the Changes Values & Priorities Recommendations for Change Orientation & Alignment ~ 1 wks ~ 4 - 6 wks/

Research Methodology in Commerce

Social Sciences define research as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for the purpose of generalizing to extend, correct/is also research. OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application / at discovering the underlying motives and desires, using in depth interviews for the purpose. Other techniques of such research are word/inclination. Operations research is an example of decision oriented research since it is a scientific method of /

Advanced Data Concepts, LLC State of Wisconsin Procurement Analysis Project Desired Future Situation & Detailed Recommendations January 2001.

Data Concepts, LLCState of Wisconsin 3 PROJECT OBJECTIVES, DEFINED BY THE INTERAGENCY GROUP, DROVE INTENSIVE SET OF INTERVIEWS AND ANALYSES INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES DESIGN/make strategic decisions about their business.  Data Warehouse - A collection of integrated subject-oriented databases designed to support the decision-support-system function.  “DW Load” - Data /–Evaluate the business questions: What business questions need to be answered by the data warehouse Which business questions will not be answered/

Activity 1(30 min) (From Plenary) Instructions: 1.Participants must work in pairs. 2.Each receives a list of questions (Appendix 1). 3.Discuss and answer.

are any. – Interview transcripts, questionnaires, question tallies, printouts,/financial statements – Compliance Officer has Concepts in Prospectus provided written statements to/Questions norms Explorer – Promoter  Finds new ideas  Explore other companies  Networks outside the group Assessor - Developer  Evaluates, analytical and objective  Develops new activities  Experiments The Margerison-McCann profiles (cont.) Role Description of role Thruster - Organiser  Makes things happen  Results orientated/

Copyright 8 2002 Flying Kiwi Productions Inc. 1 An Introduction to Object-Oriented Analysis Objects and UML in plain English. Chapter.

.1. The Importance of This Step. class The concept of class is one of the key things in the Object-Oriented world, find all the classes, So one of / l These are the four most popular methods for this step: n Client Interviews n Nouns from the Documentation n Brainstorming n Delphi: Brainstorming in Slow Motion / Spelling and spacing - Different faces - Different faces - scanning technology not yet good enough Question 1: A Real-World Identifier Copyright 8 2002 Flying Kiwi Productions Inc. flykiwi@home.com /

Using UML, Patterns, and Java Object-Oriented Software Engineering Chapter 5, Object Modeling.

Good and bad practices during software development Bernd Bruegge & Allen H. Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and Java 11 The four basic questions in metaphysics 1. Is reality real or not real? Does reality exist /another) mind, my mind can understand the concepts of this other mind, and I can represent this externally with models (Software Engineering: Customer specifies the system) Bernd Bruegge & Allen H. Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and/

1 Chapter Objectives  Describe systems analysis phase activities and the end product of the systems analysis phase  Explain joint application development.

be user-oriented and /Objectives for the Interview – Determine the general areas to be discussed – List the facts you want to gather Figure 3-18 30 Interviews  Step 3: Develop Interview Questions – Creating a standard list of interview questions helps to keep you on track and avoid unnecessary tangents – Avoid leading questionsleading questions – Open-ended questions Open-ended questions – Closed-ended questions Closed-ended questions – Range-of-response questions Range-of-response questions 31 Interviews/


Quarterly Report on the performance of the DBE in meeting its strategic objectives for 2011/12 is presented in the context of the following highlight/ linking of 65 community radio stations in an interview with callers from all over the country participating by posing questions and making comments. 3232 Strategic Planning and Reporting/ NC completed the CAPS orientation 35000 72 225 The NICPD is established. NICPD is set up and operational Concept documen t is approved Revised concept under discussio n First /

Unit-3 Identifying use cases Object Analysis Classification Identifying Object relationships Attributes and Methods.

Interviews. 3. Questionnaire. 4. Observation. Requirements Difficulties Three most common sources of requirements difficulties are: 1. Incomplete requirements. 2. Fuzzy descriptions (such as fast response). 3. Unneeded features. The Object-Oriented/ the actors communicate with the systems use case. Use Case Key Concepts (Con’t) A measurable value. A use case must help /’t) Candidates for actors can be found through the answers to the following questions: –Who is using the system? Or, –Who is affected by the /

MULTILATERAL PROJECT: Strengthening Activity – Oriented Interaction and Growth iN the EArLy Years and TransitionS www.signals-eu.com ‘Participation’ as.

Greece 24th, 25th & 26th September 2015 The main objective of SIGNALS (Strengthening Activity – Oriented Interaction and Growth iN the EArLy Years and TransitionS/children’s skills for active interaction? Five subquestions related to the five concepts under investigation: “interaction” “participation” “communication” “cooperation” “play”/games. The interviews were conducted in a playful context, through using flashcards, which stimulated children’s motivation for their participating in the “question – answer”/

Central Training Facility: Update on Concept Development July 29, 2011 Amelia Greenberg.

Update on Concept Development July 29, 2011 Amelia Greenberg SPTF interviewed 13 /“We see a lot of need, a lot of misunderstanding – or questions about social performance from network members. They know it’s important but /might want training on certain tools. Networks would require a different kind orientation.” “La red tiene una vision y las instituciones tienen otra vision / these trainings are in their operations areas. Without this as an objective, you won’t get a lot of people attending the trainings./

Systems Analysis Requirements Modeling Systems Analysis and Design Fourth Edition SDLC Phases Phase 2: Systems Analysis Objectives  Develop a logical.

Edition Modeling Tools and Techniques  Unified Modeling Language (UML)  Uses object-oriented design concepts to describe business processes  Various graphical tools include case diagrams and sequence/Interviews  Determine the people to interview  Establish objectives for the interview  Develop interview questions  Prepare for the interview  Conduct the interview  Document the interview  Evaluate the interview Systems Analysis and Design Fourth Edition Interviews  Determine the people to interview/

Using UML, Patterns, and Java Object-Oriented Software Engineering Chapter 5, Object Modeling.

Good and bad practices during software development Bernd Bruegge & Allen H. Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and Java 11 The four basic questions in metaphysics 1. Is reality real or not real? Does reality exist /another) mind, my mind can understand the concepts of this other mind, and I can represent this externally with models (Software Engineering: Customer specifies the system) Bernd Bruegge & Allen H. Dutoit Object-Oriented Software Engineering: Using UML, Patterns, and/

UNIT THREE Getting to Know You

=related MASL 3 Lesson One pp 74-80 Objective: Exchanging Background information. Outcomes: Can ask for/t MASL p 77 B Classroom Exercise Interviews Work in groups and find out /concepts. Prepare to ask a partner each question. Write assignments A or B in Gloss. MASL p 97 UNIT THREE Lesson Seven Addresses & Telephone numbers Master ASL UNIT THREE Lesson Seven Addresses & Telephone numbers MASL 3 - Lesson Seven pp 98-102 Outcomes: Addresses & telephone Numbers; Eyes on ASL #7; numbers 1-5 Palm Orientation/

Motivational Interviewing

Objectives MI Definitions Processes of MI OARS Change Talk Resistance Learning to use MI MI: A way to talk about behavior change Person-centered Directional method Enhances internal motivation for change Explores and resolves ambivalence Empirically supported Motivational Interviewing/Motivational interviewing is a collaborative, goal-oriented method/ is Directive Selective eliciting questions Selective reflections Selective elaborations /! Ambivalence: A Central Concept Simultaneous motivations leading in /


concepts from both the past and present enables students to participate in and make informed decisions about local, regional, and international geographic issues. TAKS Objective 2: (US8B) [pose and] answer questions/of the world. However, in less developed regions of the world, market-oriented agriculture in the form of plantation agriculture was established to supply the developed/the battle C A history book on the Indian Wars D An interview with a descendant of Sitting Bull In the councils of government, we/

How Far Will the Rubber Band Stretch? Implementing New Clinical and Operational Concepts without Additional Resources Samantha Pelican Monson, PsyD, Clinical.

residency Our Practice’s New Concept Our Practice’s Primary Implementation / tools Motivational interviewing training for all staff and providers Motivational interviewing training for/objectives What individual rewards exist in your organization? Session Agenda Introduction/OrientationIntroduction/Orientation What Stretched our Rubber Band?What Stretched our Rubber Band? –Engaging Stakeholders –Re-visioning of Systemic Opportunities –“One Step at a Time” Approach Future DirectionsFuture Directions Questions/

Interviewing and the Health History Practicum of Health Science Technology 2011 - 2012.

Interviewing and the Health History Practicum of Health Science Technology 2011 - 2012 Objectives/questions with nonverbal behaviors  Keep sentences short and simple. Focus on the most important concepts to communicate  Verify the mutual understanding by asking the patient to repeat back what he or she has heard  Be patient. The interview/ – Oriented History  Focused Health History  Open – Ended Questions  Disease  Illness  Code Status  Active Listening  Guided Questioning  Leading questions  /

Food Literacy – Food ‘Bildung’ concepts and understandings

concepts and understandings Jette Benn Institute of Education, Aarhus University 2014 Questions/Gesundheitsbildung Theoretical analysis Uses educational, didactical competence oriented German concept and Antonovsky’s concepts sense of coherence as meaningfulness, manageability, / Eating Programs in Secondary Schools. Empirical study. Interviews of experts within food, nutrition, and education Social/with implications for improving health’ (p.2). ’ Objective was to provide education and to increase skills and /

Speaking & Listening Postgraduate English. Objectives  improve listening and speaking skills  improve notetaking skills  improve communicative skills.

Physical = body language = kinesics 1. Static a. Distance b. Orientation c. Posture d. Physical contact 2. Dynamic a. Facial expressions/ at departmental meetings (Simeone) C. Social concept of what is feminine and masculine IV. /Interviewing Skills Objectives  gather information about positions, companies, and themselves for job interviews  list questions that are typically asked in a job interview  prepare effective answers to questions frequently asked in job interviews  simulate a job interview/

Decision Support Systems and Marketing Research

Services Buying habits Colors Uses Awareness Familiarity New concepts Traffic patterns Wants Needs Politics Notes: About $/oriented. The marketing research objective is to provide decision-making information. In contrast, the management decision problem is action oriented/questions are formatted Chapter 8 Decision Support Systems and Marketing Research Open-Ended Question Closed-Ended Scaled- Response An interview question that encourages an answer phrased in RESPONDENT’S OWN WORDS. An interview question/

1 Using concept map approaches to communicate and present knowledge University of Oulu, Finland EDTECH A41857 (1 credit) – Challenges, Problems, & Future.

10 Mindmaps vs. concept maps My question is, do concept maps or do/Question Answer Criticize Conflict Elaboration Co-construction van Boxtel, van der Linden, Roelofs, & Erkens (2002) Problem: Sometimes unscientific notions are ingrained Inferred: Active use of prior knowledge Acknowledged problems Look for meaningful relations Negotiation Shared objects/ dominating over semantics (meaning) essays interviews tests observations 76 Dave’s ideas /data, for example, may be oriented in different ways 86 How good/

& & Chapter 8 Marketing The Planning Process. Introduction Introduction: n Key Concepts l The Single Biggest Thing l The Campaign Concept l The Language.

n The Planning Process n Questions & Discussion Key Concepts n The Single Biggest Thing n Campaigns n Objectives & Strategies n Advertising & Marketing Key Concepts The Single Biggest Thing:/underlying principles apply. n Generally, this approach is right for a consumer-oriented marketer. n For example, a small industrial firm might emphasize other /Research Techniques: l Qualitative Research s Focus groups s One-on-one interviews l Quantitative Research s Surveys s Observation s Experiments n When preparing/

Science Learning through Engineering Design (SLED) Teacher Orientation Saturday, May 21, 2011 10:00am – 2:00pm Hall for Discovery and Learning Research.

process and how young students effectively learn science concepts through design-based activities. Key SLED Components /oriented data to maximize program adaptability over the course of the grant: ◦ Aggregating survey data to determine teachers’ fidelity to SLED program goals and objectives; ◦ Holding continuous project meetings and program surveys; ◦ Conducting staff interviews/ Light continental breakfast and Lunch provided most days Orientation Wrap-Up Questions to Ponder Why do you think Indiana has /

Chapter 5 Selection 1.Objectives and goals 2.Selection Procedures 3.Selection Criteria 4.Test: Types and Methods 5.Interviews: Skills and Guidelines.

applicant on a standard form. panel interview An interview in which a group of interviewers questions the applicant. Key words candidate-order error An error of judgment on the part of the interviewer due to interviewing one or more very good or very bad candidates just before the interview in question. 1. Importance of Selection (1)Objectives and goals. (2)Consequences of selection (1) Objectives and goals.  Selection is to/

Qualitative Study: Concept and technique Associate Professor Chanya Sethaput Institute for Population and social Research, Mahidol University 29 June 2006.

(texts) 5. Direct Contact with Participants 6. Dynamic Perspective 7. Unique Case Orientation 8. Context Sensivity 9. Design Flexibility 10.Researcher as an Important Research Instrument Chai/ If not sure, use inductive Concept/theory (not fix) But as a road map Research issue Research question Research instrument Tryout Collect data Analyze/disdain discussions 5. Moderator should be entail (not biased) In-Depth Interview Objectives of Interview in Qualitative Research 1. To find out what is in and on/

Planning and Doing Thoughtful Interviews Neil Haigh c. 2015.

interview questions Try one out – and ask follow-up questions Reflect on/self-critique Review Patton, Kvale, Katterns and Haigh Discuss Semi-structured interviewing: Lets do it Sue Cartwright’s Interviews Her starter questions Her interview considerations and concerns Her report on her interviews Standardized, open-ended interviews Starter questions/Using concept mapping to enhance the research interview. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 9(1), 52-69. Hermanowicz, J. (2002). The great interview: /

UNIT 2:LEARNER NEEDS ANALYSIS Unit Objectives At the end of the unit, students are able to: describe the concept of ‘need’ in ESP; identify the different.

objectives and principles for course design and materials Concept of ‘needs’ In general, ‘need’ = gap between what is and what ought to be objective vs. subjective needs (Brindley, 1989) perceived vs. felt needs (Berwick, 1989) target needs vs. learning needs product-oriented needs vs. process- oriented/found? Methods of Analysing Needs Tests Questionnaires Interviews /structured interviews Observation Case studies Learner diaries Previous research /Question of power: English specialist vs. Content specialist/

1 UML for The IT Business Analyst A practical guide to Object Oriented Requirement Gathering Hoard Podeswa Instructor: Mrs. Eman ElAjrami 2008 University.

the diagram tells you what questions to ask and when, and even when the interview is complete Use diagrams whenever you need to reconcile differing viewpoints 9 Chapter 2 The BA’s Perspective on Object Orientation 10 Chapter Objectives At the end of this chapter, you will Understand how OO affects the BA role on IT projects. Understand key OO concepts: Objects Operations and attributes Encapsulation Classes/

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