Ppt on obesity diet

Obesity Epidemic? Bacchus, Peter Paul Reubens, 1638 Detail of chromosome 15 From the obesity map database.

overridden by the others  As soon as you stop taking the “antiobesity” drug, you gain all the weight back  Single gene approach unlikely to solve the obesity problem. A Pause That Refreshes Dieting Doesn’t Work Dieting is a signal to the brain to become better at storing fat Energy Balance  Intake Motivational (appetite) Motivational (appetite) Consumption Consumption  Storage Glycogen in muscle and/


Diet and Health.

modified include: Poor lipid profile (low HDL, High LDL, High TG) High blood pressure Diabetes Obesity Physical inactivity Cigarette smoking Atherogenic diet (too much saturated/trans fat and too little fruits, vegetables, whole grains) Factors that cannot/research studies) Most often lifestyle and environmental factors come into play in the development of cancer (smoking, diet, obesity) Nutrition and Cancer Physical activity and cancer: Restricting energy intake seems to limit cancer Physical activity that /


Pre-test Question 1: Choose the one correct answer 1.Obesity trends in children correlate with declines in milk consumption ** 2.Obesity trends in the.

fruits and vegetables.  Regular meal times including breakfast.  Fist size portions only.  Consider Metformin for puberty age children  Check for underlying thyroid dysfunction Dietary and Pharmcologic Treatment for Obesity AHA Guidelines for Healthy Diets  Protein: 15-20% of calories not excessive (50-100g/d) proportional to carbohydrate and fat  Carbohydrates: ~55% of calories Minimum of 100g/d  Fat: ~30% of calories, <10/


Lesson 4 : Nutrition Disorders Obesity and health consequences.

in a population. When that population experiences times of constant ‘feast’ i.e. a western diet, they become obese and develop diabetes. GLUCOSE SENSING IN MATURITY ONSET DIABETES OF THE YOUNG NORMALBASALSTATE HYPERGLYCEMIA SENSED AS /“thrifty phenotype” look like in a calorie restricted, natural setting? Aboriginal Australians exposed to Western diet/lifestyle develop type 2 diabetes and obesity in alarming proportions, similar to native Americans. O’Dea has studied aboriginal Australians living in the/


Conservative Interventions for Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Children Deanna M. Hoelscher, PhD, RD, LD, CNS University of Texas Houston Health.

et al. Effect of physical training on total and visceral fat in obese children. Med Sci Sports Exercise 1999;31:143-148. Kirk et al., Pediatric obesity epidemic: treatment options. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:S44-S51. Baker et al., Overweight children /easier than adults: A comparison of child and parent weight changes from six months to 10 years. Obesity Res. 1995;3:411-417. Epstein LH & Squires S. The Stoplight Diet for Children. Toronto, CA: Little, Brown & Company, 1988. Dietz WH. Overweight in childhood /


Diet Efficacy in Obesity Gita Majdi. Outline: Obesity Diet in obesity management Types of diet Comparisons of diets.

, Ph.D., Steen Stender, M.D., Ph.D., Claus Holst, Ph.D., Wim H.M. Saris, M.D., Ph.D., and Arne Astrup, M.D., Dr.Med.Sc. for the Diet, Obesity, and Genes (Diogenes) Project N Engl J Med 2010; 363:2102-2113November 25, 2010 Study: A total of 1209 adults were screened (mean age, 41 years; body-mass index 34/


Pediatric Nutrition and Obesity Brenda Beckett, PA-C.

disorders Drugs for treatment of weight loss are not recommended in children Weight loss surgery Can be safe and effective for severely obese adolescents Potential risks and long term complications Effect on growth and development unknown Need to change lifestyle, diet, exercise Advice to parents to help children limit caloric intake Praise you kids!!! Avoid using food as a reward Be a/


Childhood Obesity Childhood Obesity. 04/09/20152 Introduction. What is Overweight & Obesity? What is Overweight & Obesity? Childhood obesity is one of.

yet a relatively new field of research however a medical research by Loos, et al, (2003) The fundamental causes behind the rising levels of childhood obesity are a shift in diet towards increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars but low in vitamins, minerals and other healthy micronutrients, and a trend towards decreased levels of /


Obesity, Nutrition, and Excercise Mohammed Alo Copyright Mohammed Alo 2006. All Rights Reserved. May be used for educational purposes without alteration.

100% + 78% of Control 100% Control Value Hyperphagia RestrictedAd libtium C12S12S24R12R20 SemistarvationRefeeding Fat-free Wt Fat Wt 100% Control Value Feeding 40% of Control Keys, 1950; Dulloo, AJCN - 1997 Obesity Treatment Pyramid Diet Physical Activity Lifestyle Modification Pharmacotherapy Surgery History of USDA’s Food Guidance 1940s 1950s-1960s 1970s 1992 2005 Food for Young Children 1916 --1992-- Food Guide Pyramid Reasons for/


Gene-Diet Interations HRM728 Russell de Souza, RD, ScD Assistant Professor Population Genomics Program Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics.

Stress Environmental exposures Risk factors Measurable trait Phenotype The complexity of interaction… Genetic factors Diet Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Lipids, Genetic Background Atherosclerosis Slide adapted from Mente, A. Myocardial Infarction Ischemic /type 2 diabetes – Sex, family history, age – Measures of obesity (BMI, WHR) – Physical activity – Diet (Mediterranean diet score) EPIC InterAct: Gene x Diet Usual food intake estimated using country- specific, validated dietary questionnaires Nutrient/


Weight Management: Overweight, Obesity, and Underweight Chapter 9.

 Jobs, school, and in social situations  Psychological problems  Embarrassment  Other feelings Fig. 9-6, p. 285 Problems of Overweight and Obesity – Weight Cycling Problems of Overweight and Obesity – Popular Interventions  Diet books and weight-loss programs  Limited success with weight loss maintenance  Fad diets- cabbage soup, shakes only  Weight-loss products  Meal replacements  Herbal products  No regulations for dietary supplements  Liposuction OTC Drug Treatments/


Obesity in Adults Alexandra Abraham. Some definitions… Obesity - The condition of being grossly fat or overweight. Body Mass Index – measurement of body.

.Social Isolation 3.Lower work achievement 4.Disability 5.Bone and joint disease (osteoarthritis) Main Causes of Obesity 1.Genetics 2.Activity level 3.Food consumption Why a Fitness Program? Risk Factors for Developing Obesity Genetics Family Lifestyle Sedentary Lifestyle Unhealthy Diet Social & Economic Issues Age Obesity can cause... Heart Disease Stroke Type 2 Diabetes Cancers High Blood Pressure Decreased Lung Function Depression Poor/


Source: www.myhealthywaist.org PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ABDOMINAL OBESITY Robert Ross, PhD School of Kinesiology and Health Studies, Department.

7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 0 1 Weekly weight loss (kg) Effects of Diet or Exercise with or Without Weight Loss on Abdominal Obesity and Insulin Resistance Adapted from Ross R et al. Ann Intern Med 2000;133:92-103 and /easy choice.” Kelly Brownell, Yale University, Rudd Center For Food Policy and Obesity …Make responsible behaviours the easy choice Optimal Default … Source: www.myhealthywaist.org Challenges: Creating Optimal Defaults Diet is driven by terrible defaults…  Large portion sizes  Schools selling unhealthy/


Obesity and Other Diet- and Inactivity-Related Diseases:

2001 and rates doubled in children and tripled in teens over the last 20 years. The negative health consequences of rising obesity rates are already evident. Rates of diabetes (most of which is type 2, which is largely due to obesity, poor diet and inactivity) rose 60% between 1990 and 2001. All states should be funded by the CDC as soon as possible/


Truth about Fad Diets Obesity, Health and the Student.

. FUnderstand how to read a food label. FIdentify appropriate ways to incorporate healthy foods into your diet. US Adults FHalf are overweight FOne-fourth are obese MenWomen African A. 56.5% 65.8% Mexican A.63.9%65.9% Caucasian A./ the Record Straight: The Truth About Fad Diets Obesity FOver 50 percent of Americans are overweight. FOne in three adults is obese. Why? â Sedentary lifestyle â Poor food choices â Obsession with dieting â Lack of time The U.S. Diet Industry Almost $40 billion per year industry,/


Obesity, Nutrition, Nutrigenonmics – OH MY!

premature death Morbidity Diabetes, Heart disease, Hypertension, some Cancers, Breathing Problems, Ischemic Stroke, Arthritis, and Reproductive Complications Prevalence 59 million (30%) Americans are obese (BMI>= 30) Rates are increasing faster than ever (epidemic proportions) Risk Factors for Obesity Diet: high calorie and low nutrient dense foods Physical Inactivity Age Socioeconomic status Certain medical conditions and medications Race Smoking cessation Family History Genetic susceptibility/


The Phantom Menace Part 5 of 6 The Aetiology of Obesity

a case of malignant growth in an Eskimo in 11 years Town of Upernavik 1800 population www.kidneylifescience.ca Masai www.kidneylifescience.ca Kenya and Tanzania Hypertension and obesity almost non-existent Pastoralists – diet of milk, meat and blood Rarely eat fresh vegetables www.kidneylifescience.ca Tukisenta www.kidneylifescience.ca “Investigators found them to be fit, lean and muscular, with no sign/


Gut Microbial triggers that influence the obesity associated phenotype

at a functional level, deviations from this core are associated with different physiologic states (obese versus lean). Turnbaugh et al, Nature 2009 Diet-Induced Obesity Is Linked to Marked but Reversible Alterations in the Mouse Distal Gut Microbiome - 48/, Nature, 2007 Approach To identify the influence of the gut microbiota in obesity and obesity related diseases, it is essential to understand the interaction between diet and the microbiome. Microbial metabolism of dietary molecules (nutrients) in the gut/


Obesity in Adolescents Gilberto A. Velez-Domenech, M.D. New York Medical College Department of Pediatrics Division of Adolescent Medicine.

Morbidity and Mortality Obese adolescents who become obese adults will have more severe obesity than those adults whose obesity began in adulthood. Obese adolescents who become obese adults will have more severe obesity than those adults whose obesity began in adulthood./ Social and Family Framework Willingness to increase physical activity Willingness to increase physical activity Realistic Goals Realistic Goals Diet: General Principles Deficit of 500 kcal/day = 1 lb wt loss/week Deficit of 500 kcal/day/


Sociology and Psychology of Obesity. Sociology & Psychololgy of Obesity Clinical characteristics of obesity Neurological Physical Emotional.

held responsible and punished for their offense. Punishment is prejudice, discrimination in education, employment and everyday life. Most alarming: Sociology & Psychololgy of Obesity Allon: Stigmatization of Obesity Most alarming: They believe it! Obese woman clip Children study clip Sociology & Psychololgy of Obesity Albert Stunkard: Emotional disturbances related to obesity Overeating Complications of dieting Disparagement of the body image (like Allon; grotesque and loathsome) Sociology & Psychololgy of/


Treatments for Overweight and Obese Clients Dr. David L. Gee FCSN/PE 446 Nutrition, Weight Control & Exercise.

Long term effectiveness is very questionable Long term effect on health is a concern A Randomized Trial of a Low- Carbohydrate Diet for Obesity. Foster et al. NEJM 348:2082-90 (2003) 66 obese men and women (BMI=34) Randomly assigned to diets for 1 year Professional contact minimal to replicate approach used by most dieters Weight loss (%BW loss) 3 months Low fat/


Windows of Opportunity Obesity Prevention in Childhood Alan M. Lake, M.D. Alan M. Lake, M.D. Taskforce on Obesity Prevention in Childhood Maryland Chapter,

nutrition prior to and during pregnancy Goal of optimal maternal nutrition prior to and during pregnancy Intrauterine: Options for Intervention Reduce pre-pregnancy obesity Reduce pre-pregnancy obesity Address maternal diet and exercise especially in first trimester Address maternal diet and exercise especially in first trimester Reduce glycemic index of intake to reduce intrauterine insulin and IGF1 levels Reduce glycemic index of intake to/


Pasta, Low Glycemic Index Diets and Health Dr. Cyril W.C. Kendall Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto; The Clinical.

factor reduction Summary Industry – must take the high road. 1. Proactive. 2. Responsible. 3. Choice. Summary Industry – must take the high road. 1. Proactive: Take the lead in promoting healthy diets and activities and in dealing with childhood obesity. : Work with government and health agencies to address this issue. 2. Responsible: Advertising and labeling. 3. Choice: Healthy foods and portion sizes.


© 2010 Cengage-Wadsworth Chapter 5 Weight Management Outline: 1.Overweight vs. Obesity 2.Diet Crazes 3.Eating Disorders 4.The Physiology of Weight Loss.

© 2010 Cengage-Wadsworth Chapter 5 Weight Management Outline: 1.Overweight vs. Obesity 2.Diet Crazes 3.Eating Disorders 4.The Physiology of Weight Loss 5.Diet and Metabolism 6.Exercise: The Key to Weight Management 7.Losing Weight the Sound and / billion yearly attempting to lose weight – over $10 billion to weight reduction centers – $30 billion to diet food sales About $100 billion spent yearly to treat obesity-related diseases © 2010 Cengage-Wadsworth 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Weight Management Excessive body /


Diet and Disease The Phantom Menace Part 5 of 6 The Aetiology of Obesity.

.wholehealthsource.blogspot.com Gout Graph: www.wholehealthsource.blogspot.com Tooth Decay Graph: www.wholehealthsource.blogspot.com New Zealand Maori 2006 High levels of physical activity www.intensivedietarymanagement.com Maori Obesity Staples of Maori diet - bread, flour, biscuits, breakfast cereals, sugar, and potatoes www.intensivedietarymanagement.com Increasing cancer with Westernization www.intensivedietarymanagement.com Increasing Cancer with Westernization Regions in order of Westernization From/


Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs: Comparative Effectiveness

activity intervention studies in the childcare center-based settings, there were no significant between-group differences with respect to BMI Z-score, BMI, and prevalence of obesity and overweight. One out of the three combined diet and physical activity intervention studies found a significant increase in fruit and vegetable intake. However, none of these studies found a significant intervention effect on physical/


1 1 High protein diet and weight loss 12/21 實習學生:周少鼎 指導老師:彭惠鈺.

improved, but protein intake per se did not appear to confer any extra benefit. 28 Renal function following long-term weight loss in individuals with abdominal obesity on a very low carbohydrate diet vs high carbohydrate diet. Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD, Noakes M, Clifton PM. Journal of the American Dietetic Association Volume 110, Issue 4, April 2010, Pages 633–638 29 Research design/


Gene-Diet Interations HRM728 Russell de Souza, RD, ScD Assistant Professor Population Genomics Program Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics.

Stress Environmental exposures Risk factors Measurable trait Phenotype The complexity of interaction… Genetic factors Diet Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Lipids, Genetic Background Atherosclerosis Slide adapted from Mente, A. Myocardial Infarction Ischemic /type 2 diabetes – Sex, family history, age – Measures of obesity (BMI, WHR) – Physical activity – Diet (Mediterranean diet score) EPIC InterAct: Gene x Diet Usual food intake estimated using country- specific, validated dietary questionnaires Nutrient/


Obesity What can we learn from our past? By Andrea Hrysoulakis, Charlie Irwin and Matt Cormack. Index.

What has changed? - lifestyle - media - exercise - food intake What is the government doing about obesity? Government recommendations What is the government doing about obesity? Government recommendations What is work life like? What is easier - diet or exercise? - Diet - Exercise What impact does obesity have on our bodies? What impact does obesity have on our bodies? How had the ideal body image change over the years? How/


Pediatric Obesity Elizabeth H. Kwon MD, MPH. OBESITY DEFINED According to the AMA’s Expert Committee on the Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment of.

a typical day—to better identify ways to change diet and activity Try to assess a typical day—to better identify ways to change diet and activity Try to be sensitive and not use words that may offend (“obese”, “fat”). Try to avoid being judgmental and/ food, and eating out at restaurants; · Preparing foods at home as a family; · Eating a diet rich in calcium; and · Eating a high fiber diet. From the House Obesity Initiative FAQ for Families How do we start to make changes to our family’s routine? You can /


Obesity and Breast Cancer: An Ever Growing Problem Presented By: Dr. Jaixin Niu Dr. Adam Kerievsky Brenda Keith RN MSN OCN Amy Malensek RN OCN CBCN Sara.

© 2015 Rising Tide Websites Epocrates.com Naturaldatabase.com Pubmed.org-search for the herb AND CYP450 micromedexsolutions.com Consumerlab.com © 2015 Rising Tide Conclusion Obesity and Breast Cancer: Nutrition Presented By: Sarah Kiser MS RD Background Overweight, poor diet, and physical inactivity: – Increase risk and recurrence – Associated with poorer prognosis Many breast cancer survivors are overweight at time of diagnosis and gain/


Beginning of the Chapter The Genetics of Obesity 2.

et al., Human Molecular Genetics 12: 2923-2929, 2001 Experiment: More fat in the diet Experiment: High-fat diet >>>7500 further studies on this gene OBESITY How our Genes Influence our Body Weight Fat absorption gene FAT OBESITY How our Genes Influence our Body Weight FAT Fat absorption gene OBESITY How our Genes Influence our Body Weight Many years Kate Lucy Cindy Kate Lucy Cindy/


Stemming the Tide of Obesity: What Needs to Happen John F. Tomer Department of Economics & Finance Manhattan College, Riverdale, New York, USA 1.

noncommunicable diseases (NR-NCD) NR-NCD only arise after contact with modern, Western lifestyles, dietary practices NR-NCD: diseases of civilization, affluence, Western NR-NCD: obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular, hypertension & stroke, cancer, appendicitis,… Causes: “civilized lifestyles, esp diet Rising use of white flour, sugar (1800s) correlated growth of chronic diseases (cancer) Taubes: all refined, easily digestible carbohydrates Developed countries (esp US) have toxic/


Using Evidence to Treat Overweight and Obesity: ADA’s Pediatric Weight Management MNT Guidelines Nancy Copperman, MS,RD,CDN Director, Public Health Initiatives.

psychological, social and financial –In general, what is the relationship between parental feeding strategies and childhood obesity? –Are parental attitudes towards their own dietary intakes (Dietary restraint and disinhibition) associated with higher risk /Overall recommendation for pediatric overweight interventions Interventions to reduce pediatric overweight should be multicomponent and include diet, physical activity, nutrition counseling, and parent/caregiver participation. A large body of strong /


+ NS270 Seminar Unit 2 Measuring Diet Presented by Stacey Day, MS, RD, LDN.

/dnpa/obesity/trend/maps/index.htm + Obesity Trends U.S. obesity trends (2008). Overweight and Obesity. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/trend/maps/index.htm + Obesity Trends U.S. obesity trends (2008). Overweight and Obesity. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/trend/maps/index.htm + Obesity Trends U.S. obesity trends (2008). Overweight and Obesity. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/trend/maps/index.htm + Reasons for Measuring Diet Conducting/


DR. AISHAH ALI EKHZAIMY 341 Obesity. Objectives Definition Pathogenesis of obesity Factors predisposing to obesity Complications of obesity Assessment.

of smoking:  Average weight gain is 4 kg  Due to nicotine withdrawal  Can be prevented by calories restriction and exercise program Social influences:  Obese parents most likely to have obese children  Obese individuals are surrounded by obese friends Diet:  Overeating, frequency of eating, high fat meal, fast food( > 2 fast food/wk)  Night eating syndrome: if > 25 % of intake in the evening Factors predispose to/


Chapter 9 Energy Balance and Weight Management. A Closer Look at Obesity Bodies come in many shapes and sizes. Which are healthy? © 2007 Thomson - Wadsworth.

a way of resisting external stimuli to eat, while others have not.  A study found a positive correlation between over-fatness and a diet offering a wide variety of snacks and sweets. © 2007 Thomson - Wadsworth Contributing Factors for Obesity Set-point theory:  Some researchers suggest that the body “wants” to maintain a certain amount of fat and regular eating behaviors and hormonal/


Energy Balance and Weight Management. Body Weight & Health In the United States today, 66% adults are either: Over Weight or Obese In 1960 only 13.4%

) delicious Occasional indulgence in high-calorie foods does not mean the eater will become obese Moderation and common sense are the keys Outside – the – body causes of obesity Physical Inactivity Some people are obese not because of how much they eat, but because they move too little Diet histories of obese people often report energy intakes similar to, or even less then, those of others/


3 Steps to Successful Obesity Management. Learning objectives Review recent findings about the biologic regulation of eating and weight control Discuss.

weight: Patient-centered communication Keys to Successful Conversations Preventing Weight Bias. Module 2: Helping Without Harming in Clinical Practice. The Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity. Yale University. Choose words carefully: “Healthy eating habits” not “diet” “Physical activity routine” not “exercise” “Weight” or “healthy weight” not “fat” or “fatness” Other terms to avoid: “excess fat,” “heaviness,” “large size,” “weight problem” Listen/


Obesity and ACT - Acceptance Commitment Therapy New Perspective

285 AAAAA Suffering by itself Is not the issue but rather clinging to it The diet? The bariatric surgery? The thinness race? The use of medication? Fighting the obesity? Different perspective - (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy) The use of ACT (Acceptance /have to be thin to be healthy Accept that… The diet obsession increases the obesity prevalence, causes eating disorders and emotional and health problems There is an empowerment of the obesity problem ruled by political and economic interests There is a /


Obesity Diet and Physical Activity

and psychological disorders such as depression occur more frequently. For any kind of surgical intervention, the surgeon may have the person follow a strict liquid diet for weight loss prior to surgery. 2009 NIDDK What Causes Obesity? Energy imbalance over a long period of time. Energy in > Energy out. Excess calories and lack of physical activity. Energy balance is like a scale/


Nutrition and Obesity David Freestone, DO PGY 1 UNSOM Dept. of Pediatrics.

Practice Professionalism Interpersonal Skills and Communication Objectives Brief overview of general nutrition Understand consequences of poor diet Understand what components of diet most contribute to obesity in pediatrics Know what AAP guidelines are regarding prevention and treatment of obesity Know local resources available to us in helping overweight/obese in Las Vegas Nutrition Who here has taken a course on nutrition? A class? A lecture/


Gut microbiome: debugging the obesity and cancer link Overview

? High circulating LPS levels inhibit adipose tissue differentiation and lipogenesies, thereby contributing to altered adipose tissue metabolism A. Muciniphila colonization restores gut barrier function and increases intestinal endocannabinoids in diet-induced obese mice Intestinal acylglycerols previously demonstrated to reduce metabolic endotoxemia and systemic inflammation  gut barrier function Endocannabinoid system: group of neuromodulatory lipids/receptors involved in processes such as appetite, pain/


Obesity Done by: Supervisor Abdulaziz S. Al-Mehlisi Fahad I. Abuguyan

>(0.95)1.0 in men and >0.85 in women. The Third step Review your patients’ medical, social and family history for current and potential obesity-related symptoms and diseases. THANK YOU Treatment: Behavioral. Diet. Pharmacological treatment. Exercise. Intra-gastric balloon. Surgical treatment. Behavioral: Identify the circumstances that trigger eating. Grocery shopping with a pre planned list. Reduce temptations (no food/


Pediatric Obesity : A Family Affair Samuel N. Grief, MD.

, individual psychopathology, familial and cultural influences Survey of women on the most common weight loss practices: weighing oneself regularly, walking, fasting, meal skipping, diet pills, cigs Weight cycling: not related to increased psychopathology! Obesity and Eating Disorders Non-dieting approaches for obese children Identify and combat cultural notions that “thinner is better” and that body weight can be controlled by willpower Help participants “stop/


Popular Weight Loss Diets: What’s The Evidence?

loss, r=0.71. No significant changes in LDL or HDL. Triglycerides decreased in everyone but insulin resistant participants on the LF/HC diet. A high fat, low carbohydrate diet may be a more effective weight loss diet for insulin resistant obese people. O’Brien KD, Brehm BJ, Seeley RJ, Werner M, Daneils, D,D’Alessio DA. AHA. Nutrition Abstracts. Circulation (Supplement II). 2002/


Childhood Obesity Terence Steward II Beloit College, Beloit, WI Abstract: The United States Center for Disease Control found that 67% of American adults.

with general health and fertility (Dobbelsteyn CJ et al, 2001). Discussion: For an obese child to switch to a balanced lifestyle, proper dieting and sufficient exercise will lead to healthy weight loss and nutritional gain. Around puberty, children/ can wear and tear a child’s confidence, self- esteem, and assurance. Although the obese child may be placed on a healthier diet and begin appropriately exercising, the physical features will not match the effort instantly. Psychological disorders including/


Pharmacotherapy.

’s mechanism of action Orlistat with 30% fat diet Sibutramine with meal plan that takes advantage of its satiety promotion Obesity medications do not cure obesity, just as antihypertensives do not cure hypertension Not /) Medications approved for short term use phentermine others rarely used: mazindol, diethylpropion Medications for use in special patients the depressed obese patient – bupropion (Wellbutrin) and venlafaxine (Effexor) type 2 diabetes – metformin , pramlintide (Symlin), exendin-4 (Exenatide)/


Assessment and Management of Obesity Cheryl A. Gibson, Ph.D. Department of Internal Medicine Susan Carlson, Ph.D. Department of Dietetics and Nutrition.

between 35 and 39.9 kg/ m 2 ) if at high risk of comorbid conditions or weight-induced physical problems Must have integrated program that provides guidance regarding diet, PA, and behavior therapy Obesity Surgical Procedures Two operative approaches –Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) –Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) Limit storage capacity of stomach to 30 to 50 cm Reduce pouch-emptying/


Statistics on Obesity, PA & Diet: England, Jan 08 i Compiled by Sally Cornfield on behalf of PAN-WM Headline Findings.

/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactorswww.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse06cvdandriskfactors Figure 2 Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre, Lifestyle Statistics. Available at: http://www.ic.nhs/pubs/hse04ethnicwww.ic.nhs.uk/pubs/hse04ethnic References i Office of National Statistics (2008) Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity & Diet: England. January, 2008. The Information Centre, Lifestyle Statistics. Available at: http://www.ic./


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