Ppt on non destructive testing

Non-granulomatous CI Chronic non-viral infections: ineffective T cell response is evoked while microorganisms survive and multiply within macrophages (lepromatous.

tests: TREPONEMAL and NON - TREPONEMAL TREPONEMAL TESTS These tests measure antibody to T.pallidum antigen and are as under: Fluorescent treponemal antibody – absorbed (FTA – ABS) test Agglutinin assay for T.pallidum T- pallidum passive haemagglutination test (TPHA) test Antibodies tests are positive after 1 – 3 weeks. NON – TREPONEMAL TESTS These tests measure non/ features: A. Central coagulative necrosis resembling caseation but is less destructive so that outlines of necrosed cells can be faintly seen B./


WELD TESTING.

For steels the most common is “1-2 % nitric acid in distilled water or alcohol. Aluminum uses a solution of 10-20%caustic soda in water HAVE YOU ANY QUESTIONS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING VISUAL While welding After welding The rate the electrode melts The way the weld metal flows Sound of the arc The light given of After welding Under cut Lack of/


JIC-NDT Inauguration Day

modules are conducted according to the Recommended Practice No. SNT-TC-1A of the American Society for Non-destructive Testing using the custom built programs and the ASNT approved training books. The centre currently conducts conventional NDT/USA (AWS International Agent) in accordance with the relevant QC standards for AWS Certification Programs. American Society for Non Destructive Testing NDT Training Center @ JIC is an ASNT Corporate Partner. A-Star Training & Consultancy (International Business/Training/


FUNCTIONAL RAM TESTING

Ay Cx Cy Ax Cx Ay Cy Conditions for detecting address faults AF The March test should contain the two following march elements (rx, … , wx) (rx, … , wx) Functional Memory Faults A functional fault model is a non-empty set of fault primitives A fault primitive is a difference between the observed and/Coupling Faults 7: SAF (depending on the cell content and the technology) Vss WL BL Vdd 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 dynamic Read Destructive Fault in the core cell [ETS04] BL BLB WL Defect 1 C O L U M N D E C O D E R Tp2 Tn2/


Debanjan Das Amrita Mukherjee Chethan Kumar Gaddam Ganesh Rahul Bhimanapati PLASMA GASIFICATION FOR VOC DESTRUCTION.

: Pyrex glass body; 5: capillary; 6: gas inlet; 7: gas outlet; 8: power supply). Destruction of hydrocarbons in non-thermal, ambient-pressure, capillary discharge plasmas International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 233 (2004) 305–315 Gliding Arc /, $Vendor Voltage divider18Radioshack Optical Isolators115Radioshack Isolation Amplifiers1118Radioshack Breadboard wires115Radioshack 18AWG test lead wires 18Radioshack DAQ board PCI6023E1395Radioshack R6868 Ribbon cable165Radioshack LAB view software1495Techtronix/


Welding Inspection and Metallurgy

in weld inspection and are described in this section but are less commonly used.” Welding Inspection and Metallurgy Non-Destructive Examination Discontinuities “The inspector should be aware of discontinuities common to specific base metals and weld processes to /current and will be disturbed if a surface-breaking crack is present. Welding Inspection and Metallurgy Automated Ultrasonic Testing (AUT) Principle of Operation Volumetric Inspection of welds may be performed using one of the three automated /


Non Destructive Testing: Finding Defects in Metal Objects

in Metal Objects Design Team 4: Chad Church Ron Fox John Vogel Geoff Brigham Matt Hamm Agenda The Need For Non-Destructive Testing Methods of NDT Summary Eddy Currents Acoustic Ultrasonic Testing Summary Non-Destructive TestingTest object, material or system without impairing its future usefulness” Industrial Application Crack Detection Wall Thinning Porosity Thickness of Material Medical Application Ultrasound X-Ray http://zone.ni.com/cms/images//


TESTS ON HARDENED CONCRETE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS REBOUND HAMMER NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS REBOUND HAMMER.

TESTS ON HARDENED CONCRETE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS REBOUND HAMMER NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS REBOUND HAMMER NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTS REBOUND HAMMER To assess the likely compresive strength of concrete by using rebound hammer. /  Graphical Rebound Hammer  Digital Rebound Hammer 2. Scanner Scanner Rebound Hammer PROCRDURE Before commencement of a test, the rebound hammer should be tested against the test anvil, to get reliable results, for which the manufacturer of the rebound hammer indicates the range of readings/


A Partnership for Safe Chemical Weapons Destruction 1 Welcome  Safety Topic  Overview of Agenda  Introductions –Lori Baker, Acquisition Services Manager.

at General Atomics facility in San Diego, CA  Testing to be conducted over next six months Metal Parts Treater Energetics Batch Hydrolyzer A Partnership for Safe Chemical Weapons Destruction 15 Construction Work Completed  Perimeter Fencing and Access Road/ participating in Bid Match Bechtel Parsons Blue Grass, 301 Highland Park Drive, Richmond, KY 40475 H -- NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION SERVICES. 24915-000-FSR-NE00-00001 For additional information, go to http://www.bechtelparsonsbgcapp.com. Bechtel/


1 Destruction of the Twin Towers. 2 The Event 3 AA-11 & UA175 Flight Paths Alleged flight paths (lost to radar for part of trip)

per model: w/creep: 44”, w/out creep: 24” Problem: NIST paid UL $250K to test truss behavior, max deflection was 4” NIST: UL tests weren’t representative, all had fireproofing Actually, all had LESS fireproofing than build specs This is a/obstacles at each story: –destruction of the structural integrity –pulverization of the concrete in the floor slabs, and other non-metallic objects –acceleration of the remains outward or downward. Time of Descent 62 WTC 1-2 Destruction Features Near-Freefall Acceleration /


Non-Destructive Wood Quality Estimation From Standing Tree In Relation To End Product Characteristics Of Fast Growth Plantation Eucalypts In Uruguay (Eucalyptus.

-10 years old (3rd thinning stand) South: 9-10 years old (3rd thinning stand) Central: 26 years old (Without management) Sample boards NEXT OPORTUNITY Dimension: 50 x 15 x 280cm Non destructive test and destructive test were carried out. Eucalyptus grandis: North MOE: Boards * Tree selection for the tests (50 trees) * Standing tree MOE: FAKOPP Density: Sample core * Logs MOE: FAKOPP and FFT-Analiser (at green condition) with bark, without/


Path creation and destruction – C. Davis – ISRN – Vancouver - May 2004 Path creation and destruction in industries, regions, and firms Strengths and limitations.

(Add Redt+1) = f (Proportion Redt) Polya urn process simulations Path creation and destruction – C. Davis – ISRN – Vancouver - May 2004 A simple test of path dependence time Space A 1, B 1, C 1 A N, B N, C / use innovation support infrastructure more intensely than non-gazelles Gazelles earn greater portion of IT revenue from recently-commercialized products than non-gazelles Gazelles have learned to tap sources of growth in distant markets Path creation and destruction – C. Davis – ISRN – Vancouver/


Middle East Zone Free Of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction. Ambassador Dr. Sameh Aboul-Enein Permanent Representative of the League.

a recent example that contains the following provisions: The Treaty prohibits the research, development, manufacture, stockpiling, acquisition, testing, possession, control, or stationing of nuclear explosive devices in the territory of parties to the Treaty and the dumping/ Weapons of Mass Destruction Resolution on the Middle East: The Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Reaffirming the purpose and provisions of the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear/


1 Prepared by – 140240119121 - patel sahil 140240119122 – patel savan 140240119124 - patel shani Sub: MSM (2131904) Topic Name : NDT-(Non - Destructive.

patel sahil 140240119122 – patel savan 140240119124 - patel shani Sub: MSM (2131904) Topic Name : NDT-(Non - Destructive Testing) 10 June 201610 June 201610 June 2016 Guided by – Prof. MANISH K. PRAJAPATI The use of /with a frequency of 1 to 5 million Hz. It is a fast, reliable non destructive testing method which penetrate metal, liquid, and many other material.It is a fast, reliable non destructive testing method which penetrate metal, liquid, and many other material. The ultrasonic sound waves /


Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) 1. Non-Destructive testing is the use of noninvasive techniques to determine the integrity of a material, component or structure.

materials, for surface or internal flaws or metallurgical condition, without interfering in any way with the integrity of the material or its suitability for service. Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) 2 i.e. Inspect or measure without doing harm. 1.NDT increases the safety and reliability of the product during operation. 2.It decreases the cost of the product /


A Schedule Optimization Tool for Destructive and Non-Destructive Vehicle Tests Jeremy Ludwig, Annaka Kalton, and Robert Richards Stottler Henke Associates,

, Inc. ICAPS-SPARK, June 2016 Overview Introduction Scheduling Framework Scheduling UI Domain Customization Methods Results Deployment Conclusion Introduction Create a schedule for testing new and refreshed vehicle models Only some tasks are destructive Most tasks are non-destructive but may have other constraints Test vehicles hand-built Build order Not all available at once Variety of models Frame, Market, Drivetrain, and Trim Project end date/


ENSERENSER Test Services Group Test Services Comprehensive Test Services Supporting Military & Commercial Product Development The ENSER Corporation.

for a wide range of tactical and strategic military applications (examples depicted at right) where no-doubt mission assurance capability is of paramount importance. Test Services Group Comprehensive Testing Services Comprehensive environmental (under both operating and non-operating conditions) and non-destructive tests - prerequisites to successful product development and certification - are routinely performed throughout the product development cycle. To support this core business activity, ENSER has/


CTL WORKSHOP 2008 Session 3 Concepts What else do you do with your proficiency testing data? Mini-audits prior to performing PTPs Mini-audits and CSP.

times.. The expected results and allowable limits are known from the final report Participants should retain samples used for non-destructive testing for these purposes What other uses for retained samples? Staff training Equipment function checks Calibration checks What about destructive tests? ?? Retained samples can be tested again, but these are limited in number and not offered regularly IFM operates check sample programs for other disciplines/


Telephony: Technology and Business Models in Creative Destruction Instituto Superior Tecnico Lisboa, Portugal March 14-15, 2003 Lee W. McKnight Associate.

Telebras South Korea Telecom Singtel EMERGING-MARKET COUNTRIES And Creative Destruction or Just Destruction in Europe and Emerging Markets... 1.20 Unprecedented Telecom/Curve Behavioral Reputation Switching Cost Scale Economies Pre-emption Legal Non-Legal Late Entrant Advantages imitation costs free-rider effects / Liberalization, Professionalization of Technology Management and Policy- Making  Hypotheses for Testing: Indicia of Decreasing Stability in Telecoms Performance During 1980s and 1990s Persistence/


Non-destructive Testing. Reference:  “Introduction to Nondestructive Testing - A Training Guide”, P. E. Mix, John Wiley & Sons.  “NDE Handbook - Non-destructive.

Non-destructive Testing Reference:  “Introduction to Nondestructive Testing - A Training Guide”, P. E. Mix, John Wiley & Sons.  “NDE Handbook - Non-destructive examination methods for condition monitoring”,/  Visual  Magnetic Particle Inspection  Fluorescent Dye Penetrant Inspection Detection of internal flaws  Radiography  Ultrasonic Testing  Eddy current Testing Most basic and common inspection method. Tools include fiberscopes, borescopes, magnifying glasses and mirrors. Robotic crawlers permit /


GROUND PENETRATING RADAR

8 cm Glass bottle buried 8 cm 5cm plastic buried 5 cm 42 Remarks and Conclusion GPR is a portable non-destructive testing device easy-to-use for subsurface imaging, such as landmine detection, mining, archeology, road mapping and quality /at the following documents: GSSI SIR-20 brochure GSSI RADAN brochure GSSI Antenna brochure EPAM3-Portugal (sample application) Test and Measurement TEST CASES Non-destructive Testing of Concrete Slab (by 1.6 GHz module, 8 scenarios) Road Joint Points Analysis (by 1.6 /


1 CHAPTER I Testing of Material Properties. 2 1.1 Significance of testing materials The testing of materials may be performed with one of the three points.

cut from finished parts, 4. Specimens of raw or processed materials, 8 Destructive testing vs Non-destructive testing Destructive testing is carried out until the specimen’s failure. These tests are generally much easier to carry out, yield more information and are easier to interpret than non-destructive testing Non-destructive testing is the type of testing that does not destroy the test object. It is vital when the material in question is still in service/


Anomalous Events in Non-Destructive Inspection Data

number of hours and retire. Considers the effects of cyclic loading on the airframe with full-scale fatigue test. For example, testing to 40,000 hours ensures safe life of 10,000 hours. Used by US Navy. Damage Tolerance / Quant. Nondestruct. Eval. Vol 26B pp. 1767–1774, 2007 Statistical Analysis – POD Hit/Miss analysis example 1 MIL-HDBK-1823A, Non-Destructive Evaluation System Reliability Assessment (2009). Statistical Analysis – POD “â vs a” analysis (â = signal strength, a = flaw size) Magnitude /


Hemolytic anemia HA = decreased levels of erythrocytes in circulating blood (anemia) because of their acclerated destruction (hemolysis) A red blood cell.

reactions (ie from a non-compatible blood type) *Drug induced immune mediated hemolytic anemia **Penicillin (high dose) **Methyldopa Classification of hemolytic anemias (5) ===Acquired=== Non-immune mediated haemolytic anaemia (direct Coombs test is negative) *Drugs (i/laboratory signs of intravascular hemolysis: tests for hemolysis and aditionally: hemoglobinemia methemalbuminemia hemoglobinuria hemosiderynuria Extravascular hemolysis : - red cells destruction occurs in reticuloendothelial system - /


Cathodic Protection of Pipeline

.e., the voltage) between two dissimilar metals is the driving force for the destructive attack on the active  metal (anode). Current flows through the electrolyte to the/in existing lap joints by continuous welding or soldering Use solid, non-absorbent gaskets such as Teflon. Use higher alloys for increased resistance /chemicals such as acids. Edeleanu first demonstrated the feasibility of anodic protection and also tested it on small-scale stainless-steel boilers used for sulphuric acid solutions . Finally /


Non-Destructive Testing of Fruit Firmness with Real-Time constraints Christopher Mills Supervisors: Dr. Andrew Paplinski Mr Charles Greif.

Real-Time constraints Christopher Mills Supervisors: Dr. Andrew Paplinski Mr Charles Greif Contents Fruit Firmness Non-destructive testing (NDT) Research Plan: aims, methods, work to date. Conclusions Fruit Firmness Measurement of/ this project. –CVS build large scale fruit sorting machines, so their interest in such a system is obvious. Non-Destructive Testing NDT includes any methods of testing that do not cause damage to the target eg –Ultrasound used to find impurities in steel Various modalities of NDT/


THE UNITED STATES AND IT’S SPHERE OF INFLUENCE. MAD – Mutually Assured Destruction After WWII, the US had a monopoly on nuclear weaponry and was unchallenged.

Until the late 1960’s early 70’s, the USA had nuclear superiority. During this time, agreement was reached on testing and non-proliferation of weapons, but it was not until the 1970’s that any agreement on limitation of the number of armaments /of the French and British In November of `81 Reagan puts forth the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START) This involved the destruction of missiles on both sides, however left the US in a position of superiority regarding cruise missiles and bombers The Soviets were/


International Space Station: Investing in Humanity’s Future Near Real-Time Monitoring and Non-Destructive Testing & Evaluation (NDT & E) of the ISS Exterior.

I O N E V O L U T I O N L I F E E X T E N S I O N Non-Destructive Testing & Evaluation Current assessment process involves manned EVA or waiting for a manned craft to come into close proximityCurrent assessment process involves manned EVA /I O N L I F E E X T E N S I O N References Breugnot, Sebastien, “Microwave Detection of Laser Ultrasonic for Non-Destructive Testing,” Proposal for NASA’s STTR 2006 Solicitation, http://sbir.nasa.gov/SBIR/abstracts/06/sttr/phase2/STTR-06-2-T7.01- 9996.html (accessed /


ОРУЖЈА ЗА МАСОВНО УНИШТАВАЊЕ (ИЛИ УБИЈАЊЕ)- WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION “On the morning of July 16, 1945, at 5:29:45 a.m., a group of scientists, army.

of a nuclear explosion. The mushroom cloud forming at the Nevada Test Site. One of the important differences between a nuclear and /and animal life. The extreme cold, high radiation levels, and the widespread destruction of industrial, medical, and transportation infrastructures along with food supplies and crops / ОРУЖЈА ЕЛИМИНИСАТИ СВА ТАКТИЧКА НУКЛЕАРНА ОРУЖЈА МУЛТИЛАТЕРАЛНИ СПОРАЗУМИ THE NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY – 1968. INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA) INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY/


Sterilization: complete removal, destruction, inactivation of all forms of microbial lifeviruses,Fungi,bacteria,Spores.

instruments Sterilization: EO, autoclave, plasma. Items come in contact with intact mm & non intact skin e.g. endoscopes, endotracheal tube, thermometer High level disinfectant, glutaraldehyde,/. 3. Over exposure may ruin some substances. 4. It is destructive to fabrics and rubber goods Monitored by B.subtilis spores. Ethylene oxide/Phenol Coefficient = dilution of chemical dilution of phenol Phenol Coefficient Test Phenol Coefficient Test – A series of dilutions of phenol and the experimental disinfectant /


Basic laboratory tests in endocrinology Drahomíra Springer ÚKBLD VFN a 1.LF UK Praha.

Insulin dependent Type 1 (IDDM) Insulin dependent Destruction of pancreatic beta cells Destruction of pancreatic beta cells No insulin produced No insulin produced Type 2 (NIDDM) Non-insulin dependent Type 2 (NIDDM) Non-insulin dependent Cells are less responsive to insulin/of menopause rise in FSH related to time of menopause Testosterone Androgen testosterone is primarily secreted in the testes of males and the ovaries of females Necessary for normal sperm development Libido Mental and physical energy /


ENTEROBACTERIACEAE. Morphology & Identification Gram-negative non-spore forming rods. When motile, by peritrichous flagella. Primarily normal flora of.

caused by strains with the K1 capsular antigen. Enteropathogenic E. coli fever infant diarrhea vomiting nausea non-bloody stools Destruction of surface microvilli 1. loose attachment mediated by bundle forming pili (Bfp); 2. Stimulation of / c) Septicemia: blood. c) Septicemia: blood. B. Culture and identification B. Culture and identification C. Widal test C. Widal test Salmonella Using appropriate antibodies more than 2000 antigenic “types” have been recognized. There are, however, only a few /


Hemolysis: premature destruction of the red cells RBC normally survive 90 to 120 days in the circulation.

is lost by vesiculation  resulting in a more spherical  less deformable cell.  DESTRUCTION ON SPLEEN "conditioning" produces a subpopulation of hyperspheroidal RBC in the peripheral blood. /50% during the 120-day life span of the RBC A-Varien( mild non clinical anemia ) Stess factor:some type of environmental stress viral and bacterial /shock; this syndrome may be rapidly fatal unless aggressively treated. The direct Coombs test is positive in 98% of patients usually IgG is detected with or without /


1 Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Implementation of the Pressure Equipment Directive TAIEX workshop INT MARKT 12009 12.April 2005 in Bratislava, Slovakia.

of goods NDT and PED 12 Annex I paragraph 3.1.2 permanent joining Annex I paragraph 3.1.3 Non-Destructive Testing PED ARTICLE 13 Recognised third-party organisations performing tasks related to PED Annex IV Minimum criteria to be met when/ designing the notified bodies NDT and PED 13 category III category IV ANNEX I Paragraph 3.1.3 Non-destructive testing approval of qualification by suitable qualified personnel recognised third-party organisation performed by NDT and PED 14 DGZfP Training and /


© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Blood Composition Blood –Fluid connective tissue –Plasma – non-living fluid matrix –Formed elements – living blood "cells"

Blood Composition Blood –Fluid connective tissue –Plasma – non-living fluid matrix –Formed elements – living blood / deficient number of circulating platelets –Petechiae appear due to spontaneous, widespread hemorrhage –Due to suppression or destruction of red bone marrow (e.g., malignancy, radiation, drugs) –Platelet count <50,000/μl/2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 17.16 Blood typing of ABO blood types. Blood being tested Serum Anti-A Anti-B Type AB (contains agglutinogens A and B; agglutinates with both/


Christoph Gabor, ASTeC HIPPI—Meeting (WP 5) 26 th – 28 th September 2007 Nondestructive transverse emittance measurement device The Front End Test Stand.

Christoph Gabor, ASTeC HIPPI—Meeting (WP 5) 26 th – 28 th September 2007 Nondestructive transverse emittance measurement device The Front End Test Stand Collaboration C. Gabor, J. Pozimski, A. Letchford Christoph Gabor, UKNF—Meeting/ Layout of the Front End Test Stand FETS 3MeV beam energy, ~ 60mA H - 50Hz, <2ms (10% duty cycle) at David Lee and Juergen Pozimski, Imperial College Christoph Gabor, UKNF—Meeting, 3 rd October 2007 Photo Detachment H — beam diagnostic non destructive (i.e. no mechanical parts/


Chapter VI Summary. Welding testing is one of welding professional disciplines which based on modern physics, chemistry, mechanics,electronics and materials,It.

like. [Welding cells ] [ Welding cracks ] [ Cinder inclusion ] welding cracks [ Incomplete fusion ] [ lack of fusion ] [ Undercuts ] 4 、 Method of non-destructive testing Now let’s focuses on four kinds of non-destructive testing methods commonly used. 5 、 Mechanical performance test (1) Preparation of welding test panels a. The material of test panels should be the same as products; b. Shape and size:  Thickness : the same as welding plates;  Width : 250/


ALABAMA STUDENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM Handbook for Test Administration ALABAMA STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Montgomery, Alabama 0 Revised February.

Training of LEA Personnel  Emphasizes the need to adhere to professional ethics and test security procedures  Emphasizes non-use of digital devices during testing  Completes LEA Report of Training Activities for each assessment  Ensures that any /shipping bill. 26.Returns test booklets and Test Administrator/Room Supervisor manuals to the secure storage location in system, if applicable. (See Guidelines for Storage and Destruction of Testing Materials.) 27.Returns test materials to the appropriate vendor/


1 Jeopardy – Intelligence and Motivation Intelligence Testing Intelligenc e MotivationAppetite Potpourri Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200.

of this. 19 $400 Intelligence What is reliability? 20 $500 Decision-making Both depressed and non-depressed individuals receive similar scores on a diagnostic test for depression, suggesting that the test is not this. 21 $500 Decision-making What is valid? 22 $100 Motivation This theory / that motivates behavior. 31 $500 Motivation What is an incentive? 32 $100 Appetite for Destruction This theory would be most helpful for explaining why people are motivated to watch horror movies. 33 $100 Appetite for/


Version 1.0 Robert C. Jones, M.D. LtCol, USAF, MC

suctioning may be required, especially with phosgene/chlorine (fulminant toxic [non-cardiac] pulmonary edema) Anesthesia Care for Chemical Warfare Casualties (cont’/ When asked in an interview at Rochester University seven years after the Alamogordo nuclear test whether that was the first atomic bomb ever to be detonated, (Oppenheimer’s/times less than nuclear) Psychological Effect (panic, possibly severe) Terror, not absolute destruction, goal of “dirty bomb” http://www.cnn.com/2002/HEALTH/06/10/cohen/


Manufacturing Processes Lab I, MET 1321 Inspection and Testing Welds

check travel speed, arc length, and depth of penetration. Manufacturing Processes Lab 1 (MET 1321) Dr Simin Nasseri Destructive test results in at least some damage to the weld. Weld tests Weld tests Nondestructive Destructive NON-destructive Examinations (NDE), does not damage the weld or the base metal. Destructive test results in at least some damage to the weld. Manufacturing Processes Lab 1 (MET 1321) Dr Simin Nasseri Nondestructive/


NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING IN RAILWAY BRIDGES

NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING IN RAILWAY BRIDGES INTRODUCTION NonDestructive testing [NDT] is an activity to assess the variation from the design and monitor performance. With the increasing / and surface waves. The receiving transducer detects the longitudinal waves which is the fastest. NDT in NF Railway --- Br No 40 Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test The velocity of an ultrasonic pulse through any material depends upon its density , modulus of elasticity , presence of reinforcement steel and Poisson’s ratio./


Weapons of Mass Destruction Martin Donohoe. Outline The history and epidemiology of war Nuclear weapons Chemical weapons Biological weapon s.

– Supportive care Vaccine Other WMDs Small arms Land mines Cluster bombs Health Care System Preparadness for Weapons of Mass Destruction ¾ of US ERs not fully prepared for treating mass casualties Only 12% of US hospitals have bioterrorism response measures /of use of nuclear weapons, including first-strike against non-nuclear states Withdrawal from ABM Treaty Boycotted Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Conference Budgeted money to resume nuclear testing and development U.S. Nuclear Policy Under Obama U/


Deterrence – or Destruction?

Countervalue IV. How do doctrines emerge? Realism – External threats All states pursue national interest. Keys: preventing national destruction or defeat, bargaining from a position of strength Implications: Deterrence theory: If you want peace, prepare for war /Cold War Program reoriented to non-specific deterrence (“dissuasion”) -- Russia not presumed as enemy, nuclear response to chemical attack ruled out, force reduction to minimal survivable deterrent Adherence to test ban before low-yield weapon /


The Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction.

Bomb” Fat Man NPT 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty –Prohibits all above ground testing 1968 Non-Proliferation Treaty –Except: India, Israel, Pakistan, North Korea –Non-proflieration, Disarmament, Peaceful Use –IAEA The Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty 1968 Ratified by 188 /, one of the world ’ s largest chemical and biological weapons arsenals. -Deployment of weapons of mass destruction: Believed to have around 10 nuclear warheads, the likelihood of their use increases with greater regime instability. Potential/


1 Research Objectives Develop non-contact, non-destructive, low cost, fast, accurate, high resolution and automated system for evaluating quality of solder.

chips in packaged electronic devices (flip-chips, CSPs, BGAs, MCMs, and chip capacitors and resistors) : Develop non-contact, non-destructive, low cost, fast, accurate, high resolution and automated system for evaluating quality of solder bumps and chips in packaged/Pulsed Laser Laser Vibrometer Vision Sensor PC: Control and Analysis X-Y Scanning System Fiber Vacuum Fixtures Test Substrate 7 Ultrasound Generation in Chip Devices Pulsed laser irradiation causes thermal expansion and contraction on specimen /


Overview of Mechanical Testing

property Provides quick, easy, cheap indication and comparative information regarding materials strength Used as quality control technique Widely used for steels Many different types of hardness tests Macrohardness Brinell, Rockwell, etc. “Destructivetest Microhardness Vickers, Knoop, etc. “Non destructivetest Macrohardness Testing - Brinell Steel or tungsten carbide ball (10 mm dia) pressed against material Load of 500, 1500 or 3000 kg applied for 5 - 10 seconds Diameter/


Structural Engineering and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory 1 Task 1 (1g Tests) Experimental and Micromechanical Computational Study of Pile Foundations.

RPI (Instrumentation), UB & IT (ST, TA, AMR) Ground Motion & Ground Slope (Theva) Liquefaction Simulations: UB; RPI; Tulane ( NE, MG, Usama, 5min each ) Conclusions – Gr Motion & Slope (Elgamal, Ricardo) Non-Destructive Testing – Preliminary (Elgamal, Mourad, MP) Test Preparations (Nurhan) Laminar Box, Floor, Actuator Control – Status & Readiness (ST, AMR, MP) Sand Construction, CPT; Instrument Procurement & Placement (ST, TA, AMR) Structural Engineering and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory Liquefaction/


Structural Engineering and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory 1 Task 1 (1g Tests) Experimental and Micromechanical Computational Study of Pile Foundations.

RPI (Instrumentation), UB & IT (ST, TA, AMR) Ground Motion & Ground Slope (Theva) Liquefaction Simulations: UB; RPI; Tulane ( NE, MG, Usama, 5min each ) Conclusions – Gr Motion & Slope (Elgamal, Ricardo) Non-Destructive Testing – Preliminary (Elgamal, Mourad, MP) Test Preparations Status (Nurhan) Laminar Box, Floor, Actuator Control – Status & Readiness (ST, AMR, MP) Sand Construction, CPT; Instrument Procurement & Placement (ST, TA, AMR) Structural Engineering and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory/


Weapons of Mass Destruction Martin Donohoe. Outline The history and epidemiology of war Nuclear weapons Chemical weapons Biological weapons.

exposure antibiotics (doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, penicillin) – Supportive care Vaccine Health Care System Preparadness for Weapons of Mass Destruction ¾ of US ERs not fully prepared for treating mass casualties Only 12% of US hospitals have bioterrorism /of use of nuclear weapons, including first-strike against non-nuclear states Withdrawal from ABM Treaty Boycotted Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Conference Budgeted money to resume nuclear testing and development The US: Rogue Nation History: Native /


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