Ppt on mauryan emperor

The Mauryan Empire and King Ashoka

and King Ashoka 322 B.C.E. to 187 B.C.E. A classic example of Mauryan architecture India Before the Mauryans: Many small kingdoms, many of which were poorly run Diverse groups of people with little to unify them Enter / b. Lived in poverty c. Travelled with monks By the time Chandragupta’s grandson, King (Emperor) Ashoka took power, the land in the Empire included nearly all of the Indian subcontinent King Ashoka’s Rule: - Mauryan Empire reaches its height – 269 to 232 B.C.E. - expands empire South and East/


Classical Imperial India: Expansion & Collapse. A. The Mauryan Empire (324 B. C. E.–184 B. C. E.) 1.Agricultural & iron production Mauryan Empire Chandragupta.

-network of spies Imperial government 3.Imperial government: -large army -25% percent tax on all goods Ashoka 5. most famous Mauryan emperor: Ashoka (r. 269–232 B. C. E.) - shaken by carnage in brutal war & converted to Buddhism “rock edicts/ policies throughout empire on rocks & pillars ( “rock edicts”) - built extensive roads B. Commerce & Culture political 1.The Mauryan empire collapsed in 184 B. C. E. due to: political fragmentation fragmentation 2.Economic development: creation of guilds & merchants 3/


Classical Imperial India: Expansion & Collapse. A. The Mauryan Empire (324 B. C. E.–184 B. C. E.) 1.Agricultural & iron production Mauryan Empire Chandragupta.

-network of spies Imperial government 3.Imperial government: -large army -25% percent tax on all goods Ashoka 5. most famous Mauryan emperor: Ashoka (r. 269–232 B. C. E.) - shaken by carnage in brutal war & converted to Buddhism “rock edicts/ policies throughout empire on rocks & pillars ( “rock edicts”) - built extensive roads B. Commerce & Culture political 1.The Mauryan empire collapsed in 184 B. C. E. due to: political fragmentation fragmentation 2.Economic development: creation of guilds & merchants 3/


India notes. Timeline 321 B.C.E.- Chandragupta Mauryana founds Mauryan Empire 202 B.C.E.- Liu Bang establishes China’s Han Dynasty 65 C.E.- Buddhism spreads.

a threat to Indian unity. Important terms Asoka- Mauryan emperor, turned India into Buddhist state, causing the empire falls Patriarchal- rule by the father Matriarchal- rule of the mother Kalidasa- poet Mauryan and Gupta Empires Both -unify through force -high/100 years of cultural prosperity? (something like that) Gupta -defeated shakas -period of great cultural achievement Mauryan -Chandragupta used spices -Asoka followed Buddhism Buddhism Branches of Buddhism Mahayana -monotheistic -Buddha turned into a/


WARM UP: Imagine you are an emperor and you have just conquered some new territory. You want to gain (and keep) the loyalty of the newly conquered people…

Asoka Tamil Chandra Gupta patriarchal matriarchal Chandra Gupta II Theravada bodhisattvas Mahayana stupas Silk Road Han Dynasty hierarchy Wang Mang Emperor Wudi Zhou Dynasty Mandate of Heaven Dynastic Cycle feudalism Qin Dynasty Confucius filial piety The Analects bureaucracygentlemen Daoism Laozi / 25 th 26th Intro, Persia, Indo-European Migrations 27 th 28 th Hinduism and Buddhism Develop 31 st 1 st Mauryan and Gupta Empires 2 nd 3 rd China – Zhou, Qin, and Han Empires Study Guide Handed Out 4 th /


China During the time period that Ancient Greece, Rome and the Mauryan and Gupta empires existed, China was thriving. China is a classical civilization.

China During the time period that Ancient Greece, Rome and the Mauryan and Gupta empires existed, China was thriving. China is a classical civilization because it has contributed a great / Harsh policies and taxes were reduced The Han expanded their empire through military conquests Han Dynasty: Government 206 B.C. – A.D. 220 Emperor Wudi established civil service system to strengthen government Educated citizens would help run the government Exams were given based on the teachings of the Chinese philosopher/


Classical China CLASSICAL ERA IN THE EAST. KEY TERMS (HW) Aryans Hinduism Reincarnation Caste System Buddha Emperor Asoka Mauryan Empire Gupta Empire.

China CLASSICAL ERA IN THE EAST KEY TERMS (HW) Aryans Hinduism Reincarnation Caste System Buddha Emperor Asoka Mauryan Empire Gupta Empire Zhou Dynasty Mandates of Heaven Confucius Qin Dynasty Shih Huang-ti Great Wall /for the Bureaucracy. Government Jobs. Civil Service exams allowed common men to move up the social ladder Weakened Nobles’ powers. Made the Han Emperors more powerful HAN DYNASTY - GOVERNMENT SIZE OF HAN CHINA Established the “Silk Roads” from China to the Roman Empire Network of Trade Routes./


Changing World. Mauryan Empire India (300 BC) Chandragupta Maurya rebelled and killed an unpopular king. Maurya’s main goal was to unite as much of India.

Changing World Mauryan Empire India (300 BC) Chandragupta Maurya rebelled and killed an unpopular king. Maurya’s main goal was to unite as much of India as possible. /land. They would later start invading again. China also managed to conquer Korea, Manchuria, and Vietnam. Structure The Chinese government promoted the Mandate of Heaven, so the emperor’s will wasn’t questioned. People were still taxed, and crops were took for military. People had to work for one month on public service projects like roads and/


Classical India: Mauryan & Gupta Empires. Mauryan Dynasty (305 BCE-232 BCE) Aryan Influence: language and social structure. Also led to the development.

all of his food, he slept in a different room every night. A Successful Grandson! Asoka (Ashoka) The Mauryan empire flourished under his rule considered the greatest ruler in the history of India. From Warrior to Religious Conversion Bloodshed /miles. People, goods, ideas (Cultural Diffusion) The Gupta Empire (320 CE) Founder: Chandra Gupta (No Relation to the Mauryan Emperor) Successful son! Samudra Gupta: Expanded the Empire Dominant Political Force The Guptas became the most powerful force in the region. /


Maurya & Gupta India.

he used food tasters and slept in different rooms, etc. In 301 BCE he gave up his throne & became a Jain. The Mauryan Empire 321 BCE – 185 BCE Kautilya Chandragupta’s advisor. Brahmin caste. Wrote The Treatise on Material Gain or the Arthashastra. A guide/Taxes no longer came in sufficient amounts. Buddhism shared in the general decline. In 180 B.C. the last Mauryan emperor gave up his throne. India fell into small territorial states as the central government declined. India experienced invasion from Greeks/


Mauryan Empire (322-ca 200 BCE). Chronology -Empire founded 322 BCE -Chandragupta ruled from 324 to 301 BCE -Ashoka ruled from 269 to 232 BCE -Conquered.

and officials Hands-on rulers Claimed ¼ to ½ of all agricultural production Heavily taxing Created the universal emperor, a divinely sanctioned leader with a special role in the cosmic scheme of things Social Profile Caste / monarchy Cultural Unity Economic Profile Private and public enterprise Material gain Economic activities were taxed Commerce Trade Mauryan prosperity Highways fostered commerce -east-west highway Merchant quarters Active exchange with adjacent countries Conrad-Demarest Preconditions/


Mauryan Dynasty; (322 B.C.E. to 185 B.C.E.) Imperial state of the South Asian subcontinent Founder: Chandragupta Maurya.

had a capital city and a prince (emperor’s representative). Provinces sub-divided into districts. A minister in charge of the local bureaucrats. Hired from among the district’s people. Like the Persian Empire, Mauryan rulers relied on spies to keep taps/became ineffective 3.Government officials became idle. Gupta Dynasty: Smaller than the Mauryan Empire (320 C.E. to 550 C.E.) Golden Age for India Governed same as Mauryan rulers. Pataliputra was intellectual and cultural center of Empire. Like Western Europe,/


Bellringer: 10/22 and 10/23  Using your notes from last class, name as many advancements of the Mauryan and Gupta Empires in classical India as possible.

10/22 and 10/23  Using your notes from last class, name as many advancements of the Mauryan and Gupta Empires in classical India as possible.  Talk with your neighbors quietly about your answers. / of Great Wall; Terracotta Soldiers /Tomb of Shi Huangdi  Uniform written language  Banned books  Way to consolidate power 5. Qin: Political  Emperor had complete control over all aspects of society  Civil service exams, not social class, determine your job in the government  Bureaucratic gov’t  Power/


Empires, Dynasties, and China. The Mauryan Empire  Chandragupta Maurya established the Mauryan Empire in India that lasted for 150 years.  He raised.

devout Buddhist.  He urged religious tolerance and spread the religion throughout India and parts of China.  After his death, the Mauryan empire began to crumble. The Golden Age under Gupta  Through intermarriage and conquest, the Guptas became India’s next great rulers. /  The Qin dynasty developed the Great Wall of China. One of the Seven Wonders of the World.  The Great emperor Shi Huangdi became famous from his burial tomb full of Terra Cotta soldiers. The Great Wall of China Confucianism  Left in/


Classical India, Hinduism, and Buddhism. Mauryan Empire (326-184 BCE) Chandragupta Maurya (r. 322-298 BCE) – United most of India – Created a bureaucracy.

Mediterranean – Less with China and Southeast Asia – Cotton and pepper Gupta Empire collapsed – No single language – Repetitive invasion of the Huns – Conflict with other local kingdoms Mauryan and Guptan Organization Alliances with Hellenistic kingdoms Emperor used regional representatives and military to maintain control over the empire – Vast army of 600,000 soldiers and 9,000 war elephants – No political theory aside from/


Classical Empires Han Dynasty, Roman Empire and Guptan and Mauryan Empire Characteristics of Empires Greek, Roman and Chinese Traditions Han and Roman.

Classical Empires Han Dynasty, Roman Empire and Guptan and Mauryan Empire Characteristics of Empires Greek, Roman and Chinese Traditions Han and Roman / working class Romans –Oppressive  less productive, –fewer new sources, –less technological development Decline (Continued) Administrative problems  succession —corruption, weak emperors  failing bureaucracies —corruption of examination system, lack of civic responsibility  In Rome —bread and circuses to forestall revolts Eroding economies —decline in/


Ancient India Empires of India. Mauryan Empire ► In 320 BC, the military leader Chandragupta Maurya took control of the entire northern part of India.

of the entire northern part of India. This would be the beginnings of the Maurya Empire that would last almost 150 years. Mauryan Empire ► Chandragupta ruled with the help of 600,000 soldiers, a network of spies, thousands of war elephants and chariots and/united, will become prosperous again. Candra Gupta I ► The first of the Gupta rulers was Candra Gupta I. Nuch like the Maurya emperor, he used his armies to bring most of northern India under his control. There even seems to be a similarity in their names/


Mauryan and Gupta India

projects and agriculture Bureaucracies help the government handle the workload of maintaining a stable government Emperor Financial appointee Agricultural appointee Tax collector Financial officials Agricultural appointees Tax collectors Ashoka the Great The/More important, the symbolic significance of sati is intricately intertwined in the Hindu belief system. Review Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya Ashoka Bindusara Harshavardhana Review What Religion did Ashoka practice that influenced /


The Maurya and Gupta Empires. The Mauryan Empire Around 323 B.C., a great empire emerged in northern India. It was known as the Maurya empire. A ruler.

The Maurya and Gupta Empires The Mauryan Empire Around 323 B.C., a great empire emerged in northern India. It was known as the Maurya empire. A ruler by /improved roads, built hospitals, and sent missionaries throughout the empire to encourage education and spread Buddhism. The Collapse of the Mauryan Empire The Mauryan empire began to weaken after the death of King Asoka. The last emperor was assassinated around 185 B.C. Five centuries of disorder followed. Around 320 A.D., another great Indian empire /


THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE GUPTA EMPIRE. INTROCTION Gupta = great empire that came after the Mauryan Guptans ruled under a golden age – Time of peace, wealth.

= first ruler – United different kingdoms through conquering and marriages Similarities to Mauryans – Central government Council to help the King Differences to Mauryans – Gave their providence more freedom Ruling strategies lead to Golden Age UNIVERSITIES Built/ the more amazing accomplishments – Gold, copper, iron Coins Ironwork – Pillar engraved with stories of the various emperors MATHEMATICS Whole numbers and decimal system – First to treat zero as a whole number Combined math with astronomy /


© 2015 albert-learning.com Ashoka – The Great Indian Emperor ASHOKA -- THE GREAT INDIAN EMPEROR.

albert-learning.com Ashoka – The Great Indian Emperor  Born in 304 BC, the great king Ashoka was the grandson of the famous ruler Chandragupta Maurya and son of Mauryan emperor Bindusara and his queen, Dharma.  The / Suvannabhumi (Thailand/ Myanmar) - Sona and Uttara  Lankadipa (Sri Lanka) - Mahamahinda © 2015 albert-learning.com Ashoka – The Great Indian Emperor His missionaries also went to the below mentioned places:  Seleucid Empire (Middle Asia)  Egypt  Macedonia  Cyrene (Libya)  Epirus (Greece/


India and China Establish Empire.  Mauryan Empire: Empire that united India after Alexander the Great  Askoa: Indian ruler who changed religion to Buddhism.

apart after Asoka died  Chandra Gupta Builds an Empire  Formed a second Empire 500 years after the fall of the Mauryan Empire  Daily Life in India  Most people lived in small villages  Families were patriarchal, or head by the /Qin Dynasty  Established a Centralized Government, where one government controls empire  Lowered taxes, ended legalist rule  Future emperors expanded border almost to present day location  Structures of Han Government  Formed a complicated bureaucracy  Confucianism, the /


India. 1000 BCE-500 CE Politics Mauryan dynasty– Chandragupta, Ashoka ▫Ashoka- brutal and ruthless, expanded empire, promoted Buddhism Gupta Empire–

– Chandragupta, Ashoka ▫Ashoka- brutal and ruthless, expanded empire, promoted Buddhism Gupta Empire– political stability, “golden age” Regionalism, political diversity Autocratic kings and emperors throughout Decentralized Caste system promoted public order like a government would Mauryan Empire Economy Taxation system under Guptas Vigorous economy– lots of manufacturing Based in agriculture Emphasis on trade and merchants Trade hub Ivory, steel, spices, cotton, dyes (indigo/


Codifications of beliefs = Ethical code to live by Diaspora Sanskrit Caste system Manifestations of Brahma Hinduism/ Buddhism Mauryan Empire/Ashoka Theraveda.

of beliefs = Ethical code to live by Diaspora Sanskrit Caste system Manifestations of Brahma Hinduism/ Buddhism Mauryan Empire/Ashoka Theraveda vs Mahayana Monasticism (w/ Christianity) Confucianism Daoism Judaism/ Christianity Greco-Roman philosophy =/. 330 BCE East Asia: Qin Dynasty (c. 220 BCE – c. 206 BCE) (Emperor Qin Shihuangdi) Han Dynasty (c. 206 BCE – 220 CE) ( Han Wudi/ Wang Mang/ Xiongnu) silk, paper, iron metallurgy South Asia: Mauryan Empire (c. 321 BCE – 185 BCE) Gupta Empire (c. 320 CE – 550 /


By: Ray Pituch India. 1500 B.C.E- Aryan’s immigrated into India 326- Alexander the Great invaded India 322-182- Mauryan dynasty became the first historical.

Ray Pituch India 1500 B.C.E- Aryan’s immigrated into India 326- Alexander the Great invaded India 322-182- Mauryan dynasty became the first historical dynasty in India. 1526 A.D.- The Mughal dynasty takes over after the battle of Panipat./the medieval world Agra was one of the most powerful cities. The Taj Mahal was built in 1626 and 1648 under the order of Shah Jahan (emperor of Mughal) in memory of his wife, Arjumand Buna. It took over twenty thousand workers to build seventeen years to build it. It cost /


Mauryan Dynasty Chandragupta (324-301 B.C.) Drove out foreigners  made capital in Ganges Valley Cruel Ruler Feared assassination Ashoka (301-232 B.C.)

Mauryan Dynasty Chandragupta (324-301 B.C.) Drove out foreigners  made capital in Ganges Valley Cruel Ruler Feared assassination Ashoka (301-232 B.C.) Greatest ruler / composed, caste system established) 563-483 B. C., Gautama Buddha 326 B. C., Alexander the Great, invades India. 300 B. C. Chandragupta Maurya 272 B. C. Emperor Ashoka, spread of Buddhism. Aryan Language Sanskrit 12 13 National Flag Saffron, White and Green Ashoka Wheel, blue color = wheel of life in movement and death in stagnation Saffron /


Mauryan Art- first imperial art of India  Time period- 4 th century to 2 nd century BCE  Ashoka (c.269-232 B.C) the grandson of Chander Gupta Maurya,

Mauryan Art- first imperial art of India  Time period- 4 th century to 2 nd century BCE  Ashoka (c.269-232 B.C) the grandson of Chander Gupta Maurya, was one of the greatest emperor of this dynasty.  He embraced Buddhism after witnessing the violence and killings of innocent people in the war of Kalinga.  Many excellent works of art were made during/


Han Emperors in China 7.3 Guided Reading

brought peace 2. Empress Lu * Keep Control of the throne Controlled the throne by naming one infant after another as emperor Wudi and Wang Mang Ruler Objective Accomplished 3. Wudi 4. Wang Mang Expanded Chinese Empire Appoint qualified people to government /8. Gap between Rich and Poor increases Political Instability increases. Economic weaknesses and imbalance topple the empire Assignment Gupta, Mauryan, Han, Wang Mang,Han Together with a partner use Chapter Seven of the text to complete a time line placing/


"In the history of the world there have been thousands of kings and emperors who called themselves their highnesses, their majesties, and their exalted.

Greek influences encouraged the first and largest of India’s short experiments with empire building “Surrender of Porus to the Emperor Alexander”  With a population of perhaps 50 million  A large military force (reported 600,000 infantry soldiers / Buddhists  Buddhism began to merge back within Hinduism (Buddha became just another Hindu god)  Less centralized & smaller than Mauryan  Theater State – Cultural dominance  But India was similar to Western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire  /


Emperor Ashoka Rule by Dhamma. When Ashoka came to power… 273-232 BCE People practiced Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism He needed to find a way to gain.

Emperor Ashoka Rule by Dhamma When Ashoka came to power… 273-232 BCE People practiced Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism He needed to find a way to gain legitimacy in the / what extent might Ashoka’s edicts have reflected what he hoped would happen rather than what was actually going on? If these edicts did reflect what was happening in the Mauryan Empire, should Ashoka be considered a moral ruler, that is, a chakravartin? Yi Young, Da Yeon Question #4 What might a leader who wished to follow Ashoka’s approach /


Chapter 7: India and China Establish Empires Chapter 8: African Civilizations Chapter 9: The Americas: A Separate World.

people and assassinating local leaders suspected of inciting rebellion.  Asoka – Grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, Asoka ruled over the Mauryan Empire during its most prosperous era. Early on Asoka continued the policies of his grandfather, expanding the empire through military/Asoka the Mauryan Empire collapsed, leaving India in chaos for 500 years.  Gupta Empire – Established by Chandra Gupta I in 320 A.D., the Gupta Empire ruled northern and central India until 535 A.D.  The first Gupta emperor came to/


Asian Cultures Chris Anderson Randolph-Henry High School.

into decline 232 BC—Asoka died and the empire slid into decline The new leaders heavily taxed the people The new leaders heavily taxed the people 184 BC—Mauryan Emperor was murdered 184 BC—Mauryan Emperor was murdered Northern India split into separate kingdoms Northern India split into separate kingdoms Indian Empires 2.) Gupta Empire 2.) Gupta Empire 500 years after the end of/


Where did humans originate from 100,000 to 400,000 years ago? A. Africa Africa B. North America North America C. Fertile Crescent Fertile Crescent D.

India? A. Harappa Empire Harappa Empire B. Aryan Empire Aryan Empire C. Gupta Empire Gupta Empire D. Mauryan Empire Mauryan Empire Which group of empires established free hospitals, veterinary clinics, and spread Buddhism throughout India? A. Harappa Empire/He traveled throughout the Roman Empire converting people to Christianity. D. He convinced the Roman emperor to legalize Christianity. He convinced the Roman emperor to legalize Christianity. Which of the following is not a belief, tradition, or custom of/


Unit 2 Classical Empires & Religions: Eastern (India & China) 500B.C.-A.D.550) Concept: Culture and Belief Systems.

the capital city. He watched with suspicious eyes. He up rooted 120,000 noble families- seizing their land. The emperor separated China into 36 administrative districts and sent Qin leaders to control the districts. “Strengthen the trunk and weakening the /divided into local districts, whose officials assessed taxes and enforced the law. Asoka Chandragupta’s grandson, Asoka, brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights Asoka continued to follow the book on how to hold a vast empire together and /


Chapter 4 The Age of Great Empires. Alexander’s Empire and the Successor Kingdom 1. Alexanders army of 37,000 and cavalry of 5,000 had little trouble.

äCulture of the Asokan Age FStone pillars, stupas, and cave shrines FWriting m Mahabharata äLife under the Mauryans FFarmers, herders, and hunters FArtisans FWater transportation XThe Kushan Empire äKingdom of Kanishka äYueh-chih people äNorthern/trade flourish äThe Silk Road FConnected Chinese and Roman Empires in trade only not government communication XReligion and Intellectual Life äEmperor Wu declares Confucianism state philosophy, 136 B.C.E. äState university established under Wu äTung Chung-shu (c/


Kushan Empire 30 C.E. – 375 C.E. The Kushan Empire The “Forgotten Empire” The Kushan Empire The “Forgotten Empire” 3 CE – 375 CE.

trade to China led to the expansion of Mahayana Buddhism into East Asia © 2011 Maharaj Mukherjee Kanishka – the Kushan Emperor Became Emperor in 89 AD Started the Shaka Era Converted to Buddhism Founder of the Mahayana Buddhism – Mahayana-s believe in gods/p. 34 © 2011 Maharaj Mukherjee Kanishka and Buddhism Kanishka was a devout Buddhist, and has been compared to the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka the Great in that regard.Ashoka the Great However, evidence suggests that he also worshipped the Persian deity Mithra, /


Ancient India 6th Grade.

of his own region. In 321 B.C., he took over the throne of the king of Magadha and built up an immense army. Mauryan Empire continued… The Mauryan Empire reached its height during the reign of Emperor Ashoka, also known as Ashoka the Great. Ashoka rose to power over several older half-brothers and one younger brother because of his military conquests/


Cultural Cohesion 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Cultural Cohesion 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E.

rule of the entire subcontinent as a lasting feature of Indian life.During the classical era(324-650 B. C.E.), the Mauryan, Kushan, and the Gupta Empires founded centralized, imperial states that embraced much of India, but neither empire survived long enough /of northern India and central Asia from about 1C.E. to 300 C.E. Under Kanishka, the most prominent of the Kushan emperors, commerce resumed and the silk road network again flowed between Persia (Sassanid) and Han China, but imperial rule was not firmly/


Unit 3 Empires of India and China  Write all words, phrases or sentences in bold on your side notes  Answer questions as indicated on slide in your notes.

.  Trade – art- mathematics, science, bridges and much more.  Persians conquered the Kushan Empire in 300 AD ushering in the Gupta Empire 25 Asoka – The Emperor of War and Peace Answer the questions in your notes  Watch the Mauryan Empire  http://www.neok12.com/video/History-of- India/zX067f7e500e5f6a026f5851.htm Discuss/answer the following:  How did the experience of war change India’s/


India during the Classical Period

on trade, on herds of animals, and especially on land, which the emperor claimed ¼ of the crop. India during the Classical Period The most famous of the Mauryan emperors was Chandragupta’s grandson, Ashoka (r 268-232 BCE). India during the /the Classical Period Even though religion (Hinduism & Buddhism) played a major part in classical Indian culture (both during the Mauryan and Guptan periods) it was not the only enduring part. India developed a tradition of mathematical and scientific learning (especially/


Cultural Cohesion 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Cultural Cohesion 1500 B.C.E.-600 C.E. Originally created by Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

enough to establish centralized rule of the entire subcontinent as a lasting feature of Indian life.During the classical era, the Mauryan, Kushan, and the Gupta Empires founded centralized, imperial states that embraced much of India, but neither empire survived long enough/ India and central Asia from about 1C.E. to 300 C.E. Under Kanishka, the most prominent of the Kushan emperors, commerce resumed and the silk road network again flowed between Persia (Sassanid) and Han China, but imperial rule was not/


Chapter 1 and 2.

battled each other for control of the throne, and invaders attacked the northern provinces. In 184 B.C. the last Mauryan emperor was killed by a Brahmin general, who declared the start of a new imperial dynasty. Chandra Gupta I, the / most people barely survived. During the Indo-Aryan period, the rajas drew wealth from the farmers who worked the land. During the Mauryan Empire, the rulers claimed one-fourth of each harvest. In southern India many people made their living through foreign trade. Traders sold/


Chapters 2 and 3: The Classical Period in China and India AP World History, Mr. Bartula.

a version of Daoism popular today. Qin Dynasty China 256-206 BCE Shi Huangdi became “First Emperor” Shi Huangdi became “First Emperor” Conquered most of northern China by 221 BCE Conquered most of northern China by 221 BCE/ Northern India, Indus Valley Conquered Northern India, Indus Valley Established Mauryan Dynasty Established Mauryan Dynasty Ashoka 272-232 BCE Last of the great Mauryan Emperors Last of the great Mauryan Emperors Aggressive, cruel conqueror in early life Aggressive, cruel conqueror in /


Copyright © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 8 The Unification of China 1.

© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 BCE Persian Emperor Darius conquers north-west India Introduces Persian ruling pattern 327 Alexander of Macedon destroys Persian Empire in / of power vacuum left by Alexander Overthrew Magadha rulers Expanded kingdom to create 1 st unified Indian empire ◦Mauryan Dynasty 26 Copyright © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chandragupta’s/


Section 3 Empires of China and India Main Idea The Mauryas and Guptas created powerful empires that united much of India, while trading kingdoms thrived.

death of Ashoka, 232 BC Sons battled for power, central control weakened Distant provinces began to slip away Last Mauryan emperor killed by one of generals, 184 BC Mauryan empire lasted 140 years, then collapsed Section 3 Empires of China and India As the Mauryan Empire collapsed, India again divided into many regional kingdoms. These kingdoms differed in the north and south. Invaders from/


Ancient Indian Civilizations WHI. 4b. Geography of India Physical Barriers that protected India from invasion: - How did people migrate to India? The.

told people who they could interact with and what occupations they could do Mauryan Empire Mauryan Empire (321-185 B.C.E) Greatest ruler= Emperor Asoka Contributions of Mauryan Empire: Unified the people of India Spread Buddhism Created: free hospitals, /Caste System The Caste System told people who they could interact with and what occupations they could do Mauryan Empire Greatest Ruler= Emperor Asoka Unified the people of India Spread Buddhism Created: free hospitals, veterinary clinics, and roads Gupta /


Ancient Indian Civilizations WHI. 4b. Geography of India Physical Barriers that protected India from invasion: - How did people migrate to India? The.

told people who they could interact with and what occupations they could do Mauryan Empire Mauryan Empire (321-185 B.C.E) Greatest ruler= Emperor Ashoka Contributions of Mauryan Empire: Unified the people of India Spread Buddhism Created: free hospitals, /Caste System The Caste System told people who they could interact with and what occupations they could do Mauryan Empire Greatest Ruler= Emperor Asoka Unified the people of India Spread Buddhism Created: free hospitals, veterinary clinics, and roads Gupta /


Classical Civilizations: The “Common Era” Mr. Skommesa -- AP World History.

, with difficulty, to reassert control Yellow Turban uprising challenges land distribution problems Internal court intrigue Weakened Han Dynasty collapses by 220 CE Classical India India Before the Mauryan Dynasty 520 BCE Persian Emperor Darius conquers north-west India Introduces Persian ruling pattern 327 Alexander of Macedon destroys Persian Empire in India Troops mutiny, departs after 2 years –Political power vacuum Chandragupta Maurya/


Where did humans originate from 100,000 to 400,000 years ago? A. Africa Africa B. North America North America C. Fertile Crescent Fertile Crescent D.

Great Job! Which of the following empires migrated to India and asserted a caste system? A. Harappas Harappas B. Mauryans Mauryans C. Aryans Aryans D. Guptas Guptas Great Job! Which group of empires established free hospitals, veterinary clinics, and spread/ of God D. Doctrines established by early church councils Doctrines established by early church councils Great Job! Which emperor adopted and legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire? A. Nero Nero B. Constantine Constantine C. Diocletian Diocletian /


Wednesday, January 27 th Bell Work: Please find your assigned seat and take out any notes you have from Ch. 5 (set them aside). Next, take out your phone.

prayers and devotions: prayer flags, prayer wheels, printing. Ashoka 272-232 BCE Last of the great Mauryan Emperors Last of the great Mauryan Emperors Aggressive, cruel conqueror in early life Aggressive, cruel conqueror in early life After the bloody conquest of/ Maurya 321-297 BCE Conquered Northern India, Indus Valley Conquered Northern India, Indus Valley Established Mauryan Dynasty Established Mauryan Dynasty During Ashoka’s reign Buddhism became dominant in India and threatened to wipe out Hinduism /


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