Ppt on low level language programming

1 Languages and Compilers (SProg og Oversættere) Lecture 10 Bent Thomsen Department of Computer Science Aalborg University With acknowledgement to Norm.

. input Source Text output AST input output Decorated AST input output Object Code 3 Code Generation A compiler translates a program from a high-level language into an equivalent program in a low-level language. TAM Program Triangle Program Compile Run Result JVM Program Java Program Compile Run Result x86 Program C Program Compile Run Result We shall look at this in more detail the next couple of lectures 4 Triangle Abstract Machine/


Connecting with Computer Science, 2e

is a collection of statements or steps that solve a problem There are many language choices available Machine languages Low-level languages Assembly languages High-level languages Integrated development environment (IDE) Provides programming tools Connecting with Computer Science, 2e Summary (cont’d.) Program structure Program language syntax Based on algorithms Represented with pseudocode Program language syntax Variables, operators, control structures, and objects Be aware of operator precedence Avoid/


Microfluidic Biochips: Design, Programming, and Optimization Bill Thies Joint work with Vaishnavi Ananthanarayanan, J.P. Urbanski, Nada Amin, David.

refer to the same thing E.g., “harvest”, “pellet down”, “centrifuge” are equivalent Not suitable for automation BioCoder: A High-Level Programming Language for Biology Protocols In biology publications, can we replace the textual description of the methods used with a computer program? 1. Enable automation via microfluidic chips 2. Improve reproducibility of manual experiments Standardized Subject to analysis Subject to automation Related Work/


Jon Sayles, IBM Software Group, Rational EcoSystems Team

IDENTIFICATION DIVISION – PROGRAM-ID z/Series COBOL COBOL Program-ID names must follow these rules: For mainframe (z/OS) COBOL programs: Traditionally eight characters That restriction has been lifted in current language levels Name must start /org 200301012222I 9111111My Big Fortune 100 Company 199901010001A 9222222My Dads Insurance Company 200301010011I 9333333My Bad year (low) 197901010111A 9444444My Bad year (high) 203301011111I 555555My Bad CustomerID Key 199901010002A 9666666My Sons Music Publishing/


Introduction to Computers and Programming. Some definitions Algorithm: –A procedure for solving a problem –A sequence of discrete steps that defines such.

humans to read and write Include machine and assembly languages Programs tend to be long, as each instruction is extremely specific High-level languages High-level languages exist at a higher level of abstraction; individual instructions are often equivalent to several low-level instructions High-level languages are closer to the natural languages humans use to communicate High-level languages High-level language programs require translation to machine language before they can be executed by a computer As/


Programming Introduction November 9 Unit 7. What is Programming? Besides being a huge industry? Programming is the process used to write computer programs.

machine languages Low-level languages are not portable –They have to be re-written for each different type of computer High-level languages are more human-readable High-level languages are more widely-used –Low-level is for very specialized tasks like embedded items, microcontrollers, High -> Low-Level Languages High-level languages must be converted into low-level languages in order to be executed Two types of translations: –Using a compiler –Using an interpreter Compilers completely translate your program/


1 Names, Scopes and Bindings and Bindings. 2 High-level programming languages High-level features relative to assembly language High-level features relative.

‘+’ & ‘:=‘ some languages allow names like ‘+’ & ‘:=‘ Enables programmers to Enables programmers to refer to variables etc. using refer to variables etc. using symbolic names rather than symbolic names rather than low-level hardware addresses abstract their control and data structures abstract their control and data structures express purpose or function instead of implementation express purpose or function instead of implementation make programs manageable make programs manageable/


Introduction To ‘C’ Programming

solution to a problem). High Vs. Low Level Languages E.g., English, French, Spanish, Chinese, German, Arabic etc. High level Human languages High level programming language E.g., Python, Java, C++ for (i = 1; i <= 10; i++) Low level programming language Assembly MOV #10, R0 Machine language Binary 10100000 1010 00 Computer hardware Low level High Vs. Low Level Languages Although there are obvious benefits to writing a program in a high vs. low level language it’s not a continuum of/


CS308 Compiler Theory lec00-outline April 17, 2017

on data flow analyses CS308 Compiler Theory Causes of Redundancy Redundant operations are at the source level a side effect of having written the program in a high-level language Each of high-level data-structure accesses expands into a number of low-level arithmetic operations Programmers are not aware of these low-level operations and cannot eliminate the redundancies themselves. By having a compiler eliminate the redundancies The/


Discovering Computers

, rules and coding needed to write the instructions in a computer program. Computer Programs & Programming Languages What are low-level languages and high-level languages? Low-level language High-level language Machine-dependent runs only on one type of computer Often machine-independent can run on many different types of computers Machine and assembly languages are low-level Low-Level Languages: Machine What is machine language? Only language computer directly recognizes Uses a series of binary digits (1s/


A Programming-Languages View of Data Races Dan Grossman University of Washington Prepared for the 2012 Microsoft Research Summer School on Concurrency.

detection –Static vs. dynamic –Sound vs. complete vs. both vs. neither –Locksets –Vector clocks and FastTrack –Other recent approaches Low-level vs. high-level data races –Low-level detection is wrong for detecting high-level data races –Abstracting low-level data races to remove this gap August 201217A Programming-Languages View of Data Races, Dan Grossman Why care about data races? Recall not all race conditions are data races… So/


CHAPTER 1: INTORDUCTION TO C LANGUAGE

low- level languages which are translated into machine code by an assembler. Each assembly language instruction corresponds to one machine language instruction, but assembly language is easier notation for the programmer to use than machine code. High Level Language Assembly Language Machine Language SOURCE CODE OBJECT CODE HIGH LEVEL LANGUAGE PROGRAM MACHINE LANGUAGE PROGRAM COMPILER OR INTERPRETER ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAM ASSEMBLER Compiler: It is a program which translates a high level language program/


CSCI 3131.01 Programming with Visual Basic Instructor: Bindra Shrestha University of Houston – Clear Lake.

to represent the add operation. For example, ADD bx, ax In order to execute a program written in Assembly language, the program should be first converted into a machine language program using an Assembler, which is also a program. Assembly languages are low-level languages and are CPU type-dependent. High-Level Programming Languages High-level program languages more resemble English language than low-level languages. Examples: Visual Basic Python Javascript Java C# C C++ PHP Visual Basic is not/


Joey Paquet, 2010-2014 1 Comparative Study of Programming Languages COMP6411 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Part 2: Programming Paradigms.

model, for example: LISP machines Dataflow machines Joey Paquet, 2010-2014 9 Comparative Study of Programming Languages PROGRAMMING PARADIGMS Joey Paquet, 2010-2014 10 Comparative Study of Programming Languages LOW-LEVEL PROGRAMMING PARADIGM Joey Paquet, 2010-2014 11 Comparative Study of Programming Languages Low level Initially, computers were hard-wired or soft-wired and then later programmed using binary code that represented control sequences fed to the computer CPU. This was difficult and/


GCSE Computing: A451 Computer Systems & Programming www.computerscienceuk.com Activity 1 - WBs Go online and spend a moment trying to find out the difference.

spend a moment trying to find out the difference between: HIGH LEVEL programming languages and LOW LEVEL programming languages Make notes on your whiteboard and be ready to share with the class 5 mins GCSE Computing: A451 Computer Systems & Programming www.computerscienceuk.com Programming Languages Topic 7 – Programming Theory Lesson 3 GCSE Computing: A451 Computer Systems & Programming www.computerscienceuk.com Programming Languages Introduction CPUs are very impressive but they are actually quite simple/


Academic achievement and Language Gains of students in the Dual Language (Two-Way Immersion) Program in Arlington Public Schools Marleny Perdomo: Foreign.

2002) and several small-scale studies (e.g., Cazabon, Nicoladis & Lambert, 1998) 2. Low academic performance and high drop-out rate among Hispanic students in the United States 3. Global economy—/Programs at the Elementary Level. Santa Cruz, CA and Washington, DC: Center for Research on Education, Diversity, & Excellence (CREDE). TWI Web Resources (continued) Howard, E., Olague, N., & Rogers, D. (2003). The Dual Language Program Planner: A Guide for Designing and Implementing Dual Language Programs/


Introduction to Programming End Show. Resource Team R.P Ranjan-Lecturer, SPICTEC, Galle. W.M.A.S. Wijesekara-Centre manager,CRC Hali-Ela H.P.U.S Indra.

CodeObject Code Translator Low Level Language High Level Language 1 st Generation 2 nd Generation 3 rd Generation 4 th Generation 5 th Generation Computer Language Classification of Programming Languages End Show Generation of programming languages 1 st Generation language ( 1GL ) 2 nd Generation languages( 2GL ) 3 rd Generation languages ( 3GL ) 4 th Generation languages ( 4GL ) 5 th Generation languages ( 5GL ) End Show 1 st Generation language ( 1GL ) Machine level programming language Machine code is/


ENGR. SHOAIB ASLAM Computer Programming I Lecture 02.

. Low Level Languages High Level Languages Computer Languages Low Level Languages Low level computer languages are machine codes or close to it. Computer cannot understand instructions given in high level languages or in English. It can only understand and execute instructions given in the form of machine language i.e. language of 0 and 1. There are two types of low level languages: Machine Language Assembly Language Machine Language Lowest and most elementary level of Programming language First/


Introduction to Computer Programming Mr. Dave Clausen La Cañada High School.

. 9/4/2005Mr. Dave Clausen10 Low Level Languages Machine Language and Assembly Language are both called low-level languages. In a low-level language, it is necessary for the programmer to know the instruction set of the CPU in order to program the computer. Each instruction in a low-level language corresponds to one or only a few microprocessor instructions. 9/4/2005Mr. Dave Clausen11 High Level Languages A high-level language is any programming language that uses words and symbols/


INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER PROGRAMMING Samuel kizito.

or French etc. Levels of programming languagesProgramming languages are classified into five major categories: machine languages (first generation languages), assembly languages (second generation languages), third generation languages, fourth generation languages, and natural languages. Machine and assembly languages are referred to as low level languages; third generation, fourth generation and natural languages are categorised as high level languages.  A low level language is machine dependent/


Enhancing Oral and Literate Skills for At- Risk ELL Children March 16, 2012 California Speech-Language-Hearing Association San Jose, California.

, 2007). The research of Ukrainetz et al (2009) showed that: ELL kindergarteners (including those from low-SES Hispanic homes) who were exposed to phonological awareness activities over the course of a year made good/ Oral Language. In F. Genesee, K. Lindholm-Leary, W. Saunders, & D. Chastain (Eds.), Educating English language learners (pp 14-63). New York: Cambridge University Press. Shaywitz, S. (2004). Overcoming dyslexia: A new and complete science-based program for reading problems at any level. New/


C++ Network Programming Mastering Complexity with ACE & Patterns Dr. Douglas C. Schmidt

-prone aspects of low-level OS APIs Domain-Specific Services Common Middleware Services Distribution Middleware Host Infrastructure Middleware Synchronization Memory Management Physical Memory Access Asynchronous Event Handling Scheduling Asynchronous Transfer of Control www.rtj.org Examples Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Common Language Runtime (CLR), ADAPTIVE Communication Environment (ACE) 8 Distribution Middleware Distribution middleware defines higher-level distributed programming models whose reusable/


Powerful EL instruction and curriculum for preschool, kindergarten and transitional K Findings and implications from the Sobrato Early Academic Language.

SEAL preschool have much higher levels and more active use of language Student impacts Begin with very low levels of language All children made significant gains at each school in all areas of development (language, literacy, cognition and social skills) Those in bilingual programs made excellent progress in Spanish language development, while making significant gains in English language development Having started preschool at lowest levels of Spanish (PreLAS), by end/


Designing Programs to meet the needs of Long Term English Learners Laurie Olsen, Ph.D. Californians Together.

speaking, then elective that is language based, such as, drama, speech, choir, computer based primary language program, or other foreign language. 27 National Literacy Panel www.cal.org/natl-panel/reports/executive_summary.pdf 5+ Program (LTEL) 7 th &/a difference between students receiving English/SEI vs. bilingual instruction? CONCLUSIONS Began with very low levels of development and language proficiency Variation across SEAL sites. Regardless of starting point, all children made significant gains at /


GCSE ICT Software – Applications software and programming languages.

instructions that the computer can understand. Programs are written in programming languages, and there are several different languages that can be used. The choice of programming language depends upon who is writing the program and what they want it to do. Programming languages There are two levels of programming language. These are: –Low-level languages (including machine language/machine code and assembly language) –High-level languages Low-level languages Low-level languages are easy for the computer to/


PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES. 1957 FORTRAN program hello print *, "Hello World!" end program hello FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslating system) is a language, still.

can read without some kind of translation. Assembly language, a simplified form of machine language, is also low-level. HIGH-LEVEL LANGUAGES Generally speaking, any language that must be translated into machine language is considered high-level. Some high-level languages permit embedded machine code Informally, some high-level languages are considered low-level because of how they are most commonly used (e.g., C) COMPILED VS. INTERPRETED LANGUAGES COMPILED Program code is converted (compiled) into machine/


1 Languages and Compilers (SProg og Oversættere) Bent Thomsen Department of Computer Science Aalborg University With acknowledgement to Norm Hutchinson.

Tree Decorated Abstract Syntax Tree Object Code Error Reports Next lecture 5 Storage Allocation A compiler translates a program from a high-level language into an equivalent program in a low-level language. The low level program must be equivalent to the high-level program. => High-level concepts must be modeled in terms of the low-level machine. This lecture is not about the code generation phase itself, but about the way we represent high/


GTECH 731 Programming for Geographic Applications Tuesdays 5:35 p.m. - 9.15 p.m. Room 1090B-HN Professor Sean Ahearn 212-772-5327.

are a variety of ways of classifying languages. High-level and low-level is sometimes a useful distinction, although it can be misleading because you can, for example, write high-level functions using a low-level language, and some high-level languages fully support low-level functions. Languages High-level versus low-level From Wood, 2002. In interpreted languages, the code is not compiled to machine code, but, when the program is run, the instructions are translated into/


Further Programming for 3D applications CE00849-6 Introduction to Further Programming for 3D application Bob Hobbs Faculty of Computing, Engineering and.

15-Sep-1565 High-level languages historically preceded by various low-level languages such as Microsoft’s ASM High-level languages historically preceded by various low-level languages such as Microsoft’s ASM – low-level programming has: low productivity low productivity limited portability limited portability low code readability / maintainability low code readability / maintainability Shader Languages 15-Sep-1566 Variety of high-level languages, e.g. Variety of high-level languages, e.g. – ‘C’-like/


Machine Language - 3F03 Alan Wassyng ITB 166 January - April 2006.

Overview Course Objectives  Machine level programming concepts.  The role of assembler programming in the current software industry.  How the concepts of assembler programming can help you even though you, personally, program all the time in a high-level language. 12 3F03 - Overview Table / ; copy result into bx and bx,0F000H ; mask everything except high nybble shr bx,12 ; move high nybble into low nybble mov di,result ; start of result string mov si,digits ; start of digits add si,bx ; pointer to /


Levels of Architecture & Language CHAPTER 1 © copyright Bobby Hoggard / material may not be redistributed without permission.

in line 04 and 06  Adding a line to this program will not require updating any memory cell references Low Level vs. High Level Languages Low Level Languages  One-to-one translation  Easy to translate  Programs are long  Machine dependent High Level Languages  One high level line translates into several lower level lines  A 5-line L3 program might translate into a 50-line L0 program  Harder to translate  Translation often requires looking at the/


Human Behavior and the Social Environment, Macro Level: Groups, Communities, and Organizations (second edition) Katherine van Wormer Fred H. Besthorn Copyright.

Level Social Work Social work concerned with sustainability today, given economic and environmental crises Social work as in between socialism and capitalism Social workers link with social welfare programming/unemployed 2008 recession: 34% of young adult black males unemployed Low-wages, decline in manufacturing, rising housing costs, families with /a cultural rather than an audiological phenomenon. Common language, shared experiences. Common language, shared experiences. Refer to earlier boxed reading/


Programming Language Rico Yu. Levels of Programming Languages 1.Low level languages 2.High level languages.

Programming Language Rico Yu Levels of Programming Languages 1.Low level languages 2.High level languages Low level languages  Machine language Machine language Directly executable by CPU  Assembly language Machine dependent Mnemonic codes ( 易記碼 )  each opcode Need to translate to machine code first – not directly executable High level language  Machine independent and portable  Human like language  3GL C, Fortran, COBOL, BASIC, PASCAL, etc.  4GL SQL (Structured Query Language) 3GL LanguageFull /


Connecting with Computer Science, 2e Chapter 14 Programming I.

is a collection of statements or steps that solve a problem –There are many language choices available Machine languages Low-level languages Assembly languages High-level languages Integrated development environment (IDE) –Provides programming tools Connecting with Computer Science, 2e 61 Summary (cont’d.) Program structure –Based on algorithms –Represented with pseudocode Program language syntax –Variables, operators, control structures, and objects –Be aware of operator precedence –Avoid spaghetti code/


91074 – Algorithm Languages and User Interfaces Sorting: Bubble Sort, Selection Sort, Insertion Sort, Quick Sort. Comparisons, Cost of an Algorithm.

Informal Instructions: Humans, communication, ease, Algorithms: code, computer, part /functions in prog, Programs: a variety of functions, self contained Programming Concepts Informal Instructions: Algorithms: Programs: High and Low Level Languages Characteristics High and Low Level Languages Video Youtube Video (Eating a Chocolate) youtube.com/watch?v=cdsfjU8qUss Low Level Languages Machine Code (1GL) 1 st Generation Language (1GL) Numbering system called “Binary” Also called “Machine Code” The only way to/


Parallel Programming Models Lawrence Rauchwerger

/pario/projects.html PortabilityPerformanceProductivityExec Model RTS – Portability / Abstraction l Fundamental role of runtime systems –Provide unique API to parallel programming libraries/languages –Hide discrepancies between features supported on different systems l Additional layer of abstraction –Reduces complexity –Encapsulates usage of low-level primitives for communication and synchronization l Improved performance –Executes in user space –Access to application information allows for optimizations/


Major Findings on Family Involvement Programs and Family Process.

– negotiation and compromise Never have heard bedtime stories Language skills underdeveloped/non-standard (How about characteristics of poor/programs Organized initiatives to build parent and community leadership to improve low- performing schools are developing in low- income urban areas and the rural south. They have contributed to changes in policy, resources, personnel, school culture, and educational programs Recommendations From Research Findings 1. All parents (regardless of income, education level/


CS 271 Summer 2010 Computer Architecture and Assembly Language MTWRF 11:00 – 11:50 PM STAG 106 Instructor:Joe Crop Office hours (KEC 1130): Tuesday: 2:00.

-like, translated for computer by compilers Strict rules of syntax and semantics Strict rules of syntax and semantics E.G.: Java, C++, Perl, Python E.G.: Java, C++, Perl, Python Low-level programming languages Low-level programming languages Mnemonic instructions for specific architecture Mnemonic instructions for specific architecture Translated for computer by assemblers Translated for computer by assemblers E.G.: Intel assembly, Mac assembly E.G.: Intel assembly/


© Wipro Technologies Talent Transformation Java Programming v2.1Page 1 Java Programming.

also geared toward platform independence © Wipro Technologies Talent Transformation Java Programming v2.1Page 22 The Java Programming Language The Java language allows you to write programs that take advantage of many software technologies: –object-orientation –multithreading/stream derived from OutputStream, it implements the low-level method write( ). Thus, write( ) can be used to write to the console. © Wipro Technologies Talent Transformation Java Programming v2.1Page 357 Using FileReader and FileWriter/


Connecting with Computer Science2 Objectives Learn what a program is and how it can be developed Understand the difference between a low-level and high-level.

Science6 Types of Programming Languages Low-level –Geared towards computer – less understandable or like human language –Machine language is lowest-level language –Assembly resides between lowest-level and higher- level languages Assembler converts assembly code to machine language High-level –Human-friendly language Connecting with Computer Science7 Figure 11-1 Different types of programming languages Connecting with Computer Science8 Low-level Languages Machine language includes only binary numbers/


1 Software Development Int2/Higher. 2 Software What is software? –All programs that allow hardware to do something useful and interesting You probably.

43 Questions Name the two main types of translator programs Which one translates the whole program into machine code before it is executed? Which translates the program line by line? Why do machine code programs run more quickly on a computer than high level language programs? 44 Text Editors Implementation of a program takes place in a high level language(HLL) High level languages are very close to English and therefore we/


1 Languages and Compilers (SProg og Oversættere) Bent Thomsen Department of Computer Science Aalborg University With acknowledgement to Norm Hutchinson.

Tree Decorated Abstract Syntax Tree Object Code Error Reports Next lecture 12 Storage Allocation A compiler translates a program from a high-level language into an equivalent program in a low-level language. The low level program must be equivalent to the high-level program. => High-level concepts must be modeled in terms of the low-level machine. This lecture is not about the code generation phase itself, but about the way we represent high/


Computer Programs and Programming Languages What are low-level languages and high-level languages? High-level language Low-level language Machine-dependent.

are low-level languages and high-level languages? High-level language Low-level language Machine-dependent runs only on one type of computer Often machine-independent can run on many different types of computers Machine and assembly languages are low-level Generations of programming languages The evolution of programming paradigms Imperative or Procedural Declarative Functional Object Oriented Low-Level Languages What is machine language?  Only language computer directly recognizes Low-Level Languages What/


CS 271 Winter 2013 Computer Architecture and Assembly Language MW10:00 – 12:00 AM Bldg 19 Rm 128 Instructor:Jim Bailey Office hours (19/146): MW: 12:00-1:00.

-like, translated for computer by compilers Strict rules of syntax and semantics Strict rules of syntax and semantics E.G.: Java, C++, Perl, Python E.G.: Java, C++, Perl, Python Low-level programming languages Low-level programming languages Mnemonic instructions for specific architecture Mnemonic instructions for specific architecture Translated for computer by assemblers Translated for computer by assemblers E.G.: Intel assembly, Mac assembly E.G.: Intel assembly/


High-level programming languages High-level features relative to assembly language High-level features relative to assembly language ‘Highness’ = degree.

and error than science ? Programming language design Programming language design find the right abstractions find the right abstractions Name Mnemonic character string to represent something else Mnemonic character string to represent something else usually identifiers usually identifiers some languages allow names like ‘+’ & ‘:=‘ some languages allow names like ‘+’ & ‘:=‘ Enables programmers to refer to variables etc. using symbolic names rather than low-level hardware addresses abstract their control/


Pins and Signals 8086 Microprocessor 1 Common signals AD 0 -AD 15 (Bidirectional) Address/Data bus Low order address bus; these are multiplexed with data.

into two parts as high- level language and low level language. Low level language are machine specific. Low level language can be further divided into machine language and assembly language. Machine language is the only language which a machine can understand. Instructions in this language are written in binary bits as a specific bit pattern. The computer interprets this bit pattern as an instruction to perform a particular task. The entire program is a sequence of binary/


C++ Network Programming Mastering Complexity with ACE & Patterns Dr. Douglas C. Schmidt

-prone aspects of low-level OS APIs Domain-Specific Services Common Middleware Services Distribution Middleware Host Infrastructure Middleware Synchronization Memory Management Physical Memory Access Asynchronous Event Handling Scheduling Asynchronous Transfer of Control www.rtj.org Examples Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Common Language Runtime (CLR), ADAPTIVE Communication Environment (ACE) 8 Distribution Middleware Distribution middleware defines higher-level distributed programming models whose reusable/


PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Low-level Languages High-level Languages Advantages & Disadvantages Translators Trends in Programming Languages.

be performed in a low-level language (can access the hardware directly) Adv. of Low-level Languages Translators Programs (except ML) must be translated into machine codes before execution Source program Source program Translator Object program Object program Execution A simplified translation process Translators - 3 types Source program Translator Object program Execution assembly language programs assembly language programs high-level language programs high-level language programs machine codes machine/


C++ Network Programming Mastering Complexity with ACE & Patterns Dr. Douglas C. Schmidt

-prone aspects of low-level OS APIs Domain-Specific Services Common Middleware Services Distribution Middleware Host Infrastructure Middleware Synchronization Memory Management Physical Memory Access Asynchronous Event Handling Scheduling Asynchronous Transfer of Control www.rtj.org Examples Java Virtual Machine (JVM), Common Language Runtime (CLR), ADAPTIVE Communication Environment (ACE) 8 Distribution Middleware Distribution middleware defines higher-level distributed programming models whose reusable/


52.223 Low Level Programming Lecturer: Duncan Smeed The Interface Between High-Level and Low-Level Languages.

52223_10/17 Block Scope #include #define PutDigit(c) {putchar((c)+0); putchar( );} void Scope(void) { int level = 1; PutDigit(level); { int level = 2; PutDigit(level); { int level = 3; PutDigit(level); } PutDigit(level); } PutDigit(level); } int main( ) { Scope();return 0; } The Interface Between High-Level and Low-Level Languages 52223_10/18 Recursive Functions  How does the following program work? #include #define PrintDigit(c) (putchar((c)+0)) void PrintNumber(unsigned int number) { if (number >= 10/


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