Ppt on levels of organization in biology

Characteristics of Living Things Unit 1. What is Biology? Biology  study of living things Bio = Life ology = study of.

Things R – reproduce A – adapt R – respond E – energy H – homeostasis O – organized –Living things are Complex and are made up of many levels CELLS TISSUES ORGANS ORGAN SYSTEM ORGANISM Characteristics of Living Things R – reproduce A – adapt R – respond E – energy H – homeostasis O – organized G – growth & development Grow – to get larger in size; body size Develop – to change due to hormonal or mental cues RAREHOG FOLDABLE RAREHOG/

Study of Biology 1. What is Biology? Biology Living things are called Organisms include 2.

 Keeping The Internal Environment (Homeostasis) Of The Cell or Organism Within The Ranges Required For Life  Stable internal conditions of 18 Living Things Evolve (Not Individuals) Change Over Time In Order To Survive Within Changing Environments. Fossil records show changes in groups of organisms 19 Life is Organized on Several Levels 20 Levels  Atoms  Molecules  Organelles  Cells – life starts here  Tissues  Organs  System  Organism 21 Levels  Population  Community  Ecosystem  Biosphere 22/

GAMES camp Synthetic Biology and iGEM (International Genetically Engineered Machines)

in Biology Automated Construction o DNA Synthesis and Sequencing (reading and writing DNA) Standards o Promoters, etc. need to have standard strengths just like screws need to be a standard size Abstraction o Memorizing base pairs of DNA (start codon = ATG) is like memorizing binary code for computer programs (001010110) -- we need to work on a higher level to be effective Synthetic Biology/want to transfer to target organism. 2. use restriction enzymes to remove the gene from the host organism. 3. use the /

MA 6.3 A food web identifies producers, consumers, and decomposers, and explains the transfer of energy through trophic levels. Relationships among organisms.

study: the Latin root vorare appears in herbivore, carnivore, omnivore, and detrivore. What familiar word or words help you guess the meaning of vorare? 2) Word study: Find words to help you understand what ecology might mean 3) problem 1 on page 371 of the Big Black Biology Book Monday, October27, 2014 Topic: Ecology Objectives: Summarize the levels of organization that ecologists study Compare study methods used/

Introduction to Classification

Classification I. Introduction What is taxonomy?  The branch of biology that groups organisms based on common characteristics. Why do scientists classify? Over 1.5 million species have been identified. Biologists classify to organize and study these organisms. I. Classification Systems A. Aristotle (almost 2000 years ago)  grouped organisms into two groups: Plants Animals Grouped based on the differences in stems Ex. woody vs. herbaceous Grouped based on/

Tomer Gueta, Avi Bar-Massada and Yohay Carmel Using GBIF data to test niche vs. neutrality theories at a continental scale, and the value of data cleaning.

 Guilds  Biological characteristics: taxon, trophic level and body weight All Mammals Bats CarnivoreHerbivores 1g-100g100g-5000g 22 The data Global Biodiversity Information Facility Study design Raw data Data cleaning Conclusions 24 Data cleaning Non-numeric Latitude Missing Latitude Non-numeric Longitude Missing Longitude Precision: Longitude & Latitude precision with at least 3 decimal digits Out of Australia coordinates Switched Longitude & Latitude Records in center of country/

Prof. Drs. Sutarno, MSc., PhD.. Biology is Study of Life Molecular Biology  Studying life at a molecular level Molecular Biology  modern Biology The.

Biology Molecular Biology The field overlaps with other areas of biology, particularly genetics and biochemistry Molecular biology concerns itself with: understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell, including the interrelationship of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis and learning how these interactions are regulated. Function GenesProteins Biochemistry Molecular Biology Genetics Nucleus is the control & Command center as is brain in, for example, a human body Cell Nucleus Organisms/

Office of Science Office of Biological and Environmental Research DOE-BER Biosystems Design Workshop Pablo Rabinowicz Program Manager (IPA) Biological.

level understanding of organism and community functions. Develop the knowledgebase, computational infrastructure, and modeling capabilities to advance the understanding, prediction, and manipulation of biological systems. Department of Energy Office of Science Biological/ systems biology approaches to inform biological design principles? 7) What is the role for computational biology in the design of novel biological systems? 8) What computational biology tools are needed to facilitate design of molecules,/

Integrated Pest Management. What is a Pest? Any organism that spreads disease, destroys property, competes with people for resources such as food, or.

An insect or other organism that is not native to an area and is introduced Exotic Pests Examples Gypsy Moth Asian Long-horned Beetle European Starling Ladybugs IPM in Practice Six Steps of IPM 1. Identify your pest and the damage properly 2. Learn the biology of your pest 3. Survey for pest population Six Steps of IPM 4. Establish action threshold (tolerance level) 5. Select management/

The Visible Human Project Today Director, Michigan Center for Biological Information (MCBI) UM Office Vice President for Research (OVPR) Assistant Professor.

Databases and Data Standards e.g. Celera, GO nM M Physiology 10 9 Gene Organs & Tissues High Throughput “Structural Biology” Geneotype Phenotype Behavior (organs, organisms) Systems Physiology (process engineering) Cellular Processes and Interactions Years Minutes Seconds Milliseconds Microseconds /-D models in either mono or stereo views. Java Browser - stereo model view VH Image Data Representation Hierarchical multi-resolution tree Each node is an 8*8*8 cube 4 levels of representation Volumetric /

Welcome to Conservation Biology Bio 125 Dr. Cynthia Dott, Biology; 752 Berndt Hall.

forms found on Earth: Escherichia coli bacteria Mycobacterium chelonae Bacteria Archaebacteria ProtistsPlants Fungi Animals Levels of Biological Diversity – Diversity at different scales: 1) Genetic Diversity 2) Species Diversity 3) Habitat Diversity What makes the Earth such an amazing place to live? In part, it is the incredible diversity of organisms we share it with. Syllabus Overview The semester will be built around these 4 questions about/

Chapter One The Scope of Biology.

a nuclei Ten Unifying Themes of Life 1. Biological Systems System – complex organization formed from a simpler combination of parts Made up of levels of organization Applies to all levels of life: Biosphere – cells Atom-molecule-cell-tissue-organ-organ system- Organism Applies to all levels of life: Biosphere – cells Ten Unifying Themes of Life 2. Cellular Basis of Life All living things are made up of cells and have levels of organization. Ten Unifying Themes of Life 3. Form and Function/

BIOLOGY FORM 4 ~PuT3R!~ B.Sc.Ed. (Hons).

the study of every aspect of life at a every level of its organisation Biology is the scientific study of life Importance of Biology. Biology has enable us to understand heredity and the inheritance of genetic abnormalities that cause dieses. Many people use biology in their leisure activities, for example, gardening, fishing and cooking. Biology teaching us to empathise with living things and this generates awareness of ourselves as biological organisms. The fields of study in biology can also/

Diversity of Life Living things are called organisms 30 million types Living factors and non-living factors Non-living factors make up the biosphere.

. Many uses for endangered species. Biological Products FoodClothingShelterMedicine Fuel – Wood, Coal Biotechnology – using biological products to solve practical problems Characteristics of Life All living things are organized All organisms respond to the environment All living things use energy – sun is ultimate source of energy All living things reproduce All living things grow and develop All living things adapt to their surroundings Levels of living things Molecular – DNA, atoms/

Welcome to Biology 101 Course goals Course information Text Grading.

is biology Hierarchy of Life Properties of Living Organisms Scientific Method What is Biology? Study of life Search for order in the natural world Discovery of new relationships Learn working rules that allow life to exist Life Levels of Organization 1.Among organisms 2.Within Organisms 3.Within Cells Life Levels of Organization Among Organisms 1.Biosphere 2.Ecosystem 3.Community 4.Population Life Levels of Organization Within Organisms 1.Organ systems 2.Organs 3.Tissues 4.Cells Life Levels of Organization/

The Classification of Life. Classification of Life Biology » The study of life Taxonomy » Classification and naming of organisms.

species descriptors. This naming system is called Binomial Nomenclature (two name system). Linnaeus’ Seven Level Hierarchical System Binomial Nomenclature  Genus is a noun and is always capitalized  Species is an adjective and always lower case  Species is the lowest level of classification  To be in the same species the organisms have to be able to interbreed under natural conditions and produce fertile offspring.  Horse and/

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 17 Nucleic.

cells decreases the T4 level and the immune system fails to destroy harmful organisms causes pneumonia and skin cancer associated with AIDS 7 HIV virus Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition Copyright/ © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. AIDS Treatment Treatment for AIDS is based on attacking HIV-1 at different points in its life cycle, such as prevention of reverse transcription of the /

1.3 Studying Life Biology = the study of life Bios = life | ology = study of.

in the body Animals eat to obtain energy Plants photosynthesize 6. Response to environment Stimulus = a signal Response = a reaction 7. Internal Balance Homeostasis – maintaining constant internal conditions (sameness) 8. Evolution - species change over time Branches of Biology Zoology = animals Paleontology = ancient life Cytology = cells Botany = plants Entomology = insects You guess… Microbiology = Ecology = Anthropology = Levels of Organization Molecule Cell Tissue Organ Organ Systems Organisms/

Everyone is a Biologist ! Nature of Science/Characteristics of Life.

? All living things exhibit 8 characteristics in combination. Chapter 1 What is Life? What are the Characteristics of Life? Chapter 1 What is Life? What are the Characteristics of Life? ATOM MOLECULE ORGANELLE CELL TISSUE ORGAN ORGAN SYSTEM MULTICELLULAR ORGANISM Chapter 1 What is Life? What are the Characteristics of Life? Chapter 1 What is Life? What are the Characteristics of Life? Each level of biological organization exhibits emergent properties. Ex. Capillaries/

Chapter 1 The Science of Life. I. Themes of Biology A. Cell Structure and Function 1. Unicellular 2. Multicellular 3. Cell differentiation.

to natural selection. E. Interdependence of Organisms 1. Ecology - interaction of organisms and their environment. F. Matter, Energy, and Organization 1. Autotroph - produces nutrients by photosynthesis. Plants Algae Cyanobacteria 2. Heterotrophs - obtain nutrients. Animals Fungi II. The World of Biology A. Characteristics of Life 1. Composed of Cells - microscopic units of life. 2. Organized at the molecular and cellular levels.......functions. 3. Use energy in a process called metabolism......allows for/

PLMS Science Paths Jeff Jewell – 6 th Grade Linda Mixell – 7 th Grade Jeff Burgard – 8 th Grade Life Science Earth Science Physical Science Biology.

Science Biology Track 1 – Middle School Science 6 th : Life Science – Organisms - “Organisms From Macro to Micro” – Genetics – “ Our Genes Our Selves” – Evolution/Ecology – “Evolution/Ecology” 7 th : Earth Science – Fundamentals of light: “Light: Part 1” – Earth Systems: “Catastrophic Events” – Solar System: “Earth In Space” 8 th : Physical Science – Physics of light: “Light: Part 2” – Basic physics: “Energy, Machines and Motion” – Basic Chemistry: “Properties of Matter” Grade Level/

The Status and Future of Integrative and Organ Systems Sciences October 20 – 21, 2002 Bethesda, MD Sponsored by:APS and ASPET Co-sponsors: Burroughs Wellcome.

Definitions Reductionist approaches are aimed at identifying molecular and cellular events, studied in purified form or in isolated systems and including genomics, proteomics, biochemistry and cell biology. Integrative and Organ Systems approaches are aimed at understanding how intact biological systems function at the level of whole animals, organs and organ systems (but not in the clinic). Challenge Is this a real phenomenon or just perceptual? What data can we use/

Human Anatomy & Physiology Instructor: Jeff Hargett Biology 2121.

biology/jhargett/hargett.htm http://www.floyd.edu/academics/divisions/ smpe/biology/jhargett/hargett.htm Introduction: Anatomy Study of the structure of living organisms surface anatomy gross anatomy embryology cytology histology Physiology Study of the function of/of food Reproductive system - production of egg and sperm as well as secretion of the sex hormones Organization of Life Structural Levels chemical cellular tissue organs organ systems What is Life? Characteristics of Life Organization/ in front of /

Organization of Life. Levels of Organization The different branches of biology can be classified based on different levels of complexity Each “level

Organization of Life Levels of Organization The different branches of biology can be classified based on different levels of complexity Each “level” is made up of smaller component, and usually contributes to a larger system. Levels- smallest to biggest 1.Molecules- groups of atoms; the smallest unit of most chemical compounds 2.Cells- smallest functional unit of life. Basic units of structure and function. 3.Tissues- composed of specialized cells which perform a specific function – Ex. Blood, muscle/

Warm Up 9/30-10/1 Go to your notes and find the upside down triangle. On your upside down triangle: Put a # near the level(s) that are at the chemical.

MRS. HEINS, MR. COOK, MR. HEDRICK BIOLOGY 1 Cell Structure and Function Organization Level Living? Cell Theory All living things are made up of cells Cells are the smallest working units of all living things All cells come from pre-/10 minutes to study and get your binder in order! Daily Fixes, Physical/Chemical Properties notes and assignment, Entropy notes, Characteristics of life notes, Immortal Jelly Fish reading, Biological Organization jigsaw, Characteristics of life Lab, ALL warm-ups Eukaryotic Cell/

Intro to Biology What is Biology? The scientific study of all life forms.

LIVING THINGS Have cells Need energy Respond to the environment Reproduce and develop Unifying Themes of Biology All organisms share certain characteristics All levels of life have systems of related parts Structure and function are related in biology Organisms must maintain homeostasis to survive in diverse environments Evolution explains the unity and diversity of life Levels of organization Cells- the basic unit of life Tissues Organs Organ Systems Organism Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

In small groups…DISCUSS: 1)What big questions remain? What did you not understand? What answers did you disagree about within your group? 2)Consider the.

vagabonders-supreme.net dreamstime.com What do investigations 1 and 4 teach us about biology? Theme: Structure and function are related at all levels of biological organization. https://reluctantarchaeologist.wordpress.com/2014/08/23/you-are-your-teeth/ pawprint.cornell./does life require? HW! What makes something living? Make a list of qualifications. Bring them to Lecture tomorrow. OTHER IMPORTANT NOTES: Should have a way to take notes in lecture – be prepared! Anima Mundi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v/

Review for Test Wednesday, November 18. Words to know Biomass – amount of biological material that comes from living things Food chain – shows the flow.

to know Biomass – amount of biological material that comes from living things Food chain – shows the flow of energy from one organism to the next Food web – overlapping food chains ARROWS – point to where the energy GOES! Know these words! Decomposers – organisms that get energy from breaking down dead organisms 10% rule – the amount of energy that is passed on from one trophic level to the next Compost/

Georgia Tech School of Biology Georgia TechBiol 1510 Molecules of life: what are we made of, and how did we get that way? Atomic elements Organic molecules.

.93 Pauling scale, Wikipedia Georgia Tech School of Biology Georgia TechBiol 1510 How do molecules behave in water? Georgia Tech School of Biology Georgia TechBiol 1510 Which of these are organic molecules? A. methane B. carbon dioxide C. carbonic acid D. formic acid Georgia Tech School of Biology Georgia TechBiol 1510 What is the difference, then, between organic carbon and inorganic carbon? “The purpose of life is to hydrogenate carbon dioxide/

Levels of Organization Project Honors Biology. Description of Project Format: book (layered or regular) Titles required: Project must be titled on cover.

Levels of Organization Project Honors Biology Description of Project Format: book (layered or regular) Titles required: Project must be titled on cover Each page/level must have a title Name and class period present Review of Ecological Levels Organism Population Community Ecosystem Biome (the one that is assigned) Biosphere **Use Chapter 35-36 for reference Layout of Book – Level Pages One page for each ecological levelOrganism (must have one plant and one animal/

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) CBD Update on Knowledge Management and Interoperability Olivier de.

) 3.Data Harmonization Project & Information Needs Interested in an inter-MEA proof-of-concept project Need high-level commitment from each MEA Start with simple and useful/ Information Sharing Needs Shared calendar of events (Rio, BLG, UNEP, IYB 2010) Whos who & yellow pages (persons, organizations, roles) Meeting outcomes Decisions Reports/8 Questions & Answers Thank you Any Question / Comment? Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) CBD Update on Knowledge/

Biological classification & binomial nomenclature.

: No one button can be placed in more than one category DISCUSSION What were your categories? How do they compare with other groups? Same number of categories? BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION Look at figure 3.6 on page 76 How are organisms categorized?? Which level has the most different types of organisms? Which level has the least number of organisms and the least diversity? How many organisms belong to the order Carnivora? How/

1. 2 Sylvia S. Mader Concepts of Biology © Zanichelli editore, 2012 Immagini e concetti della biologia Sylvia S. Mader.

Life is well organized into several levels 7 Sylvia S. Mader Concepts of Biology © Zanichelli editore, 2012 Organ systems are composed of several organs working together. An organism is a recognizable, self-contained individual. A population is a group of many individuals of the same species living in the same area. Organs Organ Systems Organisms Population Living Organisms share Common Characteristics Life is well organized into several levels 8 Sylvia S. Mader Concepts of Biology © Zanichelli editore/

General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.1 21.10 Viruses Chapter 21 Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis.

a retrovirus that infects T4 lymphocyte cells  decreases the T4 level, making the immune system unable to destroy harmful organisms  is associated with an increased chance of developing pneumonia and skin cancer associated with AIDS General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc.7 AIDS Treatment  One type of AIDS treatment prevents reverse transcription of the viral DNA.  When altered nucleosides such as AZT and/

The oligodendrocyte precursor mitogen PDGF stimulates proliferation by activation of αvβ3 integrins by Wia Baron, Sanford J. Shattil, and Charles ffrench.

Molecular Biology Organization Association of integrin αvβ3 with the PDGFαR in Triton X ‐ 100 ‐ insoluble fractions. Wia Baron et al. EMBO J. 2002;21:1957-1966 ©2002 by European Molecular Biology Organization The effect of inhibition of different /-1966 ©2002 by European Molecular Biology Organization Effect of low levels of PDGF ‐ AA on integrin αvβ3 activation. Wia Baron et al. EMBO J. 2002;21:1957-1966 ©2002 by European Molecular Biology Organization Model for oligodendrocyte progenitor proliferation. /

Biological Laboratory Safety Additional Information.

of legislation are: Genetically Modified Organisms (Contained Use) Regulations 2000 Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regs 2004 Each will be summarised separately Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regs 2004 Four Hazard Groups No hazard group 4 (highest risk) work in Sheffield Work on hazard group 3 requires special training and Level/cabinet for the job you are doing. Seek advice from your Biological Safety Officer Autoclaves Potentially dangerous equipment Require regular maintenance and an /

BIOLOGY END OF COURSE EXAM. BIOLOGY EOC OVERVIEW Biology 1 EOC Assessment Overview The Biology 1 EOC Assessment measures student achievement of the Next.

Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS), as outlined in the Biology 1 course description. Testing dates: Tuesday April 29 th : ESE students Wednesday April 30 th : ESOL students Thursday May 1 st : all students CONTENT COVERED Biology 1 End-of-Course Assessment benchmarks grouped into 3 main categories: Molecular and Cellular Biology : 35% Classification, Heredity, and Evolution : 25% Organisms, Populations, and Ecosystems : 40% Exam Preparations Students/

U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey Lisa Fogarty, Paul Seelbach, Bo Bunnell, Sheridan Haack, and Mark Rogers.

Watershed Societal Key processes Biological Key processes Geomorphic Key processes Hydrologic Key processes Identify Issue or Topic Can We Swim in the Water? Waterborne/of an Issue 2.Identify Key Biologic, Hydrologic, Geomorphic, and Societal Processes associated with the Open-lake, Nearshore, Watershed 3.GAP analysis 4.Design Monitoring to fill those gaps Future Direction  Determine key Nearshore Issues that need to be addressed.  How to frame the tables into something usable?  How to organize a group of/

Regents Biology 2009-2010 Endocrine System Regulation - How we maintain homeostasis  nervous system nerve signals control body functions electrical (+/-

 endocrine system hormones (proteins) chemical signals ONLY control body functions Regents Biology Homeostasis  maintaining internal balance in the body- organism must keep internal conditions stable even if environment changes also called “dynamic /in your house Regents Biology Maintaining homeostasis high low hormone 1 lowers body condition hormone 2 gland specific body condition raises body condition gland Feedback Regents Biology liver pancreas liver Regulation of Blood Sugar blood sugar level/

Material Flow Analysis MFA Paul H. Brunner Vienna University of Technology Institute for Water Quality and Waste Management

metal PHH plastic CP-OI metal CP-SM organic waste CP-MBT organic waste CP-OBT organic waste CP-C paper CP-SPC plastic CP-SP secondary materials CP-REC offgas CPS composting plant (C) sorting of paper and card- board sorting (SPC) mechanical bio- logical treatment plant (MBT) other biological treatment plant (OBT) sorting of plastic (SP) sorting of metal (SM) environment (ENV) private house- hold/

Catalyzing ways of thinking. Ferocious Beauty: Genome Liz Lerman Dance Exchange World Premiere February 3, 2006 Wesleyan University.

Ferocious Beauty: Genome Liz Lerman Dance Exchange World Premiere February 3, 2006 Wesleyan University Scientist as a Choreographer is Biological Processes Viewing c.f. Describing c.f. Modeling Representations? Levels of organization? Units? Rules? Choreography? Algorithm Choreography of Biological Processes Local rules? Global behavior? Science Choreography Viewing a biological process Describing a biological process –Component identification / parts lists –Initial superficial understanding Modeling a/

Environmental Health X. Rodents and Insects Shu-Chi Chang, Ph.D., P.E., P.A. Assistant Professor 1 and Division Chief 2 1 Department of Environmental Engineering.

oils, greases, and emulsified organics Remove dissolved materials Recover acid Chemical processes Addition of acids Addition of coagulants Ion-exchange resin Oxidants Biological processes Predigestion Oxidation Others Deep-well injection Non-point sources Land disposal of treated wastewater Advantages Returning nutrients back to soil Reclamation and preservation of open space or wetland. Allows development of new wetlands Creating an ideal environment in which natural biological, physical, and chemical/

TRAINING COURSE ON RADIATION DOSIMETRY: Radiobiology Basics – RBE, OER, LET Anthony WAKER University of Ontario Institute of Technology Thu. 22/11/2012,

or Co-60 gamma rays to the absorbed dose from a test radiation to give the same level of effect, usually cell survival RELATIVE BIOLOGICAL EFFECTIVENESS (RBE) FOR CELL SURVIVAL RBE is an experimentally measured quantity For shouldered survival curves RBE increases/studied. In general RBEs are higher for cells or tissues that can accumulate and repair sublethal damage (X-ray dose- response curve has a broad shoulder) For organisms with double-stranded DNA the RBE will reach a maximum for radiation of LET /

The Basic Organization of Living Forms ESC 556 Environmental Biology Week 2.

Life At least 10 million species 1.5 million described Levels of Organization Individual Unitary vs. Modular Population Defined area Community Physical feature of the habitat or dominant species Ecosystem Interaction between communities & their environment Material recycling Species concept Species Morphological species concept identical by morphological (anatomical) criteria Biological species concept groups of potentially or actually interbreeding natural populations that are reproductively isolated from/

Part 2: Address Sensory/Biological, Provide Appropriate Reinforcement, Develop Communication Systems and Opportunities.

and understanding 5)Address task demands 6)Systematic, planful instruction 7)Data driven decision making 8)Appropriate level of instruction COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION: Impacts All Aspects Of Learning Impact of Sensory on:  Engagement  Communication – expressive, receptive, nonverbal  Play, Social Skills (including Recreation and Leisure)  Adaptive Skills  Organization Skills  Orientation and Mobility (include sensory and motor skills)  Career and Life Education  Self Advocacy **Use/

Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University Medical Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Department 1 Bioinformatics.

will be able to Faculty of Medicine Ain Shams University Medical Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Department What is Bioinformatics? The use of computers to collect, analyze, and interpret biological information at the molecular level. Info. Understand Analyze Organize Large Macromolecules Biological Databases What skills are needed? Well-grounded in one of the following areas: – Computer science – Molecular biology – Statistics Bioinformatics works at: DNA level: – DNA sequence alignment; gene prediction/

Living Mysteries Creatures of the Earth. Scientific or Biological Classification 1 This is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species.

group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms.biologistsspeciesorganisms Scientific classification can also be called scientific taxonomy. Modern classification has its root in the work of Carolus Linnaeus, who grouped species according to shared physical characteristics.Carolus Linnaeus Scientific or Biological Classification 2 These groupings have been revised since Linnaeus to improve consistency with the Darwinian principle of common descent: Molecular systematics.Darwinian common/

Introduction to Mathematical Biology Mathematical Biology Lecture 1 James A. Glazier.

. –Help interpret experiments. Why Needed? A huge gap between level of molecular data and observed patterns. Most Modern Biology is descriptive rather than predictive. Epistemology – Car parts metaphor. Simplify impossible complexity by forcing a hierarchy of importance – identifying key mechanisms. In a model know what all processes are. Failure of models can identify missing components or concepts. Biological Scales ScaleExamplesMethods Atomic DNA; Protein Structure, Binding and Conformation/

Honors Biology Ch. 4 PopulationBiology. Ch. 4 Population Biology I.Population Dynamics Constant Population: Birth rate = Death rate.

: 3.Exponential Growth -population growth pattern showing an increasing growth rate -can result in a population explosion 3.Exponential Growth (i) Reproductive Age 4 (ii) Reproductive Age 6 4.Carrying Capacity (biotic potential) Carrying Capacity Number of Individuals Time Exponential Growth Equilibrium (environmental resistance) 4.Carrying Capacity -the number of organisms of a species that a particular habitat can support Boom-and-bust Population Cycle/

1 Study of Biology copyright cmassengale. 2 What is Biology? Biology is the study of all living things (called organisms). Organisms include bacteria,

like temperature, water, food, pain, etc. copyright cmassengale 13 8. Living Things Evolve Groups of living things change over time in order to survive changing environments. changing environments. copyright cmassengale 14 B. Life is Organized on Several Levels copyright cmassengale 15 Levels of matter and life on Earth AtomsMoleculesOrganelles Cells – life starts here TissuesOrgans Organ Systems Organism copyright cmassengale 16 Levels of matter and life copyright cmassengale 17 copyright cmassengale

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