Ppt on kingdom monera species

Scott Hillas Kingdom is the hierarchy of all living things.

the hierarchy of all living things. Monera Lyngbya Majuscula Kingdom: Monera Phylum: Cyanobacteria Class: Cyanophyceae Order: Oscillatoriales Family: Oscillatoriaceae Genus: Lynabya Species: L. majuscula Kingdom: Monera Phylum:Actinobacteria Class:Actinobacteria Subclass: Actinobacteridae Order:Bifidobacteriales Family:Bifidobacteriaceae Genus:Bifidobacterium Species: B. dentium Protista Haptophytes Kingdom: Protista Domain: Eukaryotic Division: Haptophyta Amoeba Kingdom: Protista Domain: Eukaryota Phylum/


17.4 Domains and Kingdoms KEY CONCEPT The current tree of life has three domains.

of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae –1938: prokaryotes moved to kingdom Monera –1866: all single-celled organisms moved to kingdom Protista Animalia Protista Plantae Monera 17.4 Domains and Kingdoms The tree of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866/


17.4 Domains and Kingdoms KEY CONCEPT The current tree of life has three domains.

of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae –1938: prokaryotes moved to kingdom Monera –1866: all single-celled organisms moved to kingdom Protista Animalia Protista Plantae Monera 17.4 Domains and Kingdoms The tree of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866/


Source of picture: Campbell 8 th edition. Objectives: Explain the unique characteristics of Kingdom Monera (prokaryotic characteristics) Classify Kingdom.

organization Capsule Source of picture: Campbell 8 th edition Characteristics of Kingdom Monera (prokaryotic characteristics) Prokaryotes Diameters in the range of 0.5-5 μm Unicellular, but some species can aggregate in colonies Lack true nuclei/ nuclear membrane - DNA not/ Cell wall Plasma membrane Source of picture: Campbell 8 th edition CLASSIFICATION OF KINGDOM MONERA The prokaryotes can be classified into two distinct groups: a) Eubacteria. (e.g.: E.coli, Cyanobacteria,etc) b) Archaebacteria/


Lecture #1: Phylogeny & the “Tree of Life”

five-kingdom classification system – Robert Whittaker recognized the existence of two fundamental cell types: prokaryotes and eukaryotes created a separate kingdom for prokaryotes and divided up the eukaryotes 1. Monera - /kingdom, order, species, and genus. B) kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. C) kingdom, phylum, order, class, family, genus, and species. D) phylum, kingdom, order, class, species, family, and genus. E) phylum, family, class, order, kingdom, genus, and species/


Diversity of Living Things Classification The Five Kingdoms Adaptation

system for living things, and recognize that systems change with new discoveries Activity The Five Kingdoms Monera (bacteria) Protist Fungi Plant Animal The Five Kingdoms Monera Simplest form of life Do not have a nucleus Absorb food These are bacteria and/ using your notes on the kingdoms Protist and Monera. Activity – Protist VS. Monera Animals Largest group of living things on earth Have many cells Cannot make their own food More than a million different kinds of species Able to move Examples; insects/


Classification Go to Section:. The Challenge Biologists have identified and named approximately 1.5 million species so far. They estimate that between.

. Molecular data may lead scientists to propose a new classification. Molecular evidence reveals species’ relatedness. DNA is usually given the last word by scientists. Molecular clocks provide/kingdom system to include five kingdoms. The Five Kingdom System The Six Kingdom System In recent years, biologists have recognized that the Monera are composed of two distinct groups. As a result, the kingdom Monera has now been separated into two kingdoms: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria, resulting in a six- kingdom/


CHAPTER 18. Natural selection has led to great diversity. 1.5 million species so far 2–100 million yet to be discovered.

species shows how dissimilar the genes are, and shows when they shared a common ancestor. The Tree of Life Evolves Classification systems change with new discoveries. Linnaeus classified organisms into two kingdoms—animals and plants. Then new differences called for a 5 kingdom system: Monera/c.trinomial nomenclature. d.classification. Several different classes make up a(an) a.family. b.species. c.kingdom. d.phylum. A group of closely related species is a(an) a.class. b.genus. c.family. d.order. Which of the/


17.4 Domains and Kingdoms KEY CONCEPT The current tree of life has three domains.

of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae –1938: prokaryotes moved to kingdom Monera –1866: all single-celled organisms moved to kingdom Protista Animalia Protista Plantae Monera 17.4 Domains and Kingdoms The tree of life shows our most current understanding. New discoveries can lead to changes in classification. –Until 1866/


Protozoa I. Protozoans Over 50,000 known species 45 phyla (more than metazoa!)

known species 45 phyla (more than metazoa!) Relationship to Other Organisms Two Kingdoms – Arististotle, Linnaeus  Plants Metaphyta Protophyta  Animals Metazoa Protozoa Lots of problems with this scheme Relationship to Other Organisms 3 kingdoms of Haeckle/Darwin  Plants  Animals  Protists Took care of the little stuff seen with the early microscopes Still has problems Relationship to Other Organisms Copeland’s Four-Kingdom System (1938)  Kingdom Monera.  Kingdom Protoctista/


Classification Go to Section: The Challenge Biologists have identified and named approximately 1.5 million species so far. They estimate that between.

common names was confusing. Scientists during this time agreed to use a single name for each species. They used Latin and Greek languages for scientific names. Slide # 6 Linnaeus: The Father of/kingdom system to include five kingdoms. The Five Kingdom System The Six Kingdom System In recent years, biologists have recognized that the Monera are composed of two distinct groups. As a result, the kingdom Monera has now been separated into two kingdoms: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria, resulting in a six- kingdom/


AP Biology Lecture #44 Classification Organisms classified from most general group, domain, down to most specific, species – domain, kingdom, phylum,

- a group of closely related species. Family - genera that share many characteristics. Order - is a broad taxonomic category composed of similar families. Class - is composed of similar orders. Phylum- several different classes that share important characteristics. Kingdom - largest taxonomic group, consisting of closely related phyla CLASSIFICATION Whittaker’s Five Kingdoms, 1965 Kingdom Monera (Bacteria) Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia Woese, 1985 Prokaryotic organisms are/


Classification Organizing Life’s Diversity. At least 1.7 million species of living organisms have been discovered At least 1.7 million species of living.

. Linnaeus’s System 4. Linnaeus developed a two-word naming system called binomial nomenclature to identify species. 5. Each species is assigned a two part scientific name. 6. Scientific names are always written in italics 7/together in one kingdom called Monera. Originally the two bacteria were grouped together in one kingdom called Monera. Now they are separated into two kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria Now they are separated into two kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria Kingdom Archaebacteria A./


What Is a Species? A population or group of populations whose members have the ability to breed with one another in nature and produce fertile offspring.

, Each Family is split into Genera, Each Genus is split into Species. As each group is split into smaller groups, the organisms are more and more alike. A Five-Kingdom Scheme It places prokaryotes such as bacteria in the kingdom Monera. It places prokaryotes such as bacteria in the kingdom Monera. Organisms of the other four kingdoms all consist of eukaryotic cells. Organisms of the other four/


Classification of Marine Species. Suppose you walked into my oceanography class, and on day one I presented you with specimens of at least one male, female.

(meaning ‘nettle’). Essentially, it is a hierarchical system that begins with kingdoms: Monera/bacteria: Unicellular, anucleate/prokaryotes Protista: Unicellular, nucleated/ eukaryotes and algae Fungi: Multicellular, parasitic, absorptive feeders Plantae: Multicellular, autotrophs Animalia: Multicellular, heterotrophs The order of organic classification uses: Kingdom -> Phylum -> class -> order -> family -> genus -> species. For marine animals, a common alternate classification uses habitat and mode of/


Five Kingdoms of Living Things

part of Gods creation that live in extreme environment are placed under the Archaea. Bacteria and Archaea come under Monera. The 5 Kingdoms Taxonomy a. the science of identifying, naming, and classifying Classification a. the act of placing objects in/of these to organize living organisms. The largest group living things are placed in is a kingdom (there are 5). The smallest classification group is the species. The second smallest is the genus. Protista: Complex, single-celled life forms (eukaryotic) Usually/


Unit 2 – Diversity of Life

Saskatchewan, a gopher is this: In Florida, a gopher is this: Species name: Gopherus polyphemus Species name: Urocitellus richardsonii Linnaeus Carl von Linne (Carolus Linnaeus – he “/Kingdoms? 1753: Two kingdoms – Animalia & Plantae 1866: Three kingdoms – Animalia, Plantae & Protista 1938: Four kingdoms - Animalia, Plantae, Protista, & Monera 1959: Five kingdoms - Animalia, Plantae, Protista, Monera & Fungi 1977: Six Kingdoms - Animalia, Plantae, Protista, Bacteria, Fungi, & Archaea History of the Kingdom/


Classification Go to Section:. The Challenge Biologists have identified and named approximately 1.5 million species so far. They estimate that between.

common names was confusing. Scientists during this time agreed to use a single name for each species. They used Latin and Greek languages for scientific names. Slide # 6 Linnaeus: The Father of/kingdom system to include five kingdoms. The Five Kingdom System The Six Kingdom System In recent years, biologists have recognized that the Monera are composed of two distinct groups. As a result, the kingdom Monera has now been separated into two kingdoms: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria, resulting in a six- kingdom/


Bacteria Kingdom Monera Mrs. S. Pipke-Painchaud Diversity of Life Biology 20.

Bacteria Kingdom Monera Mrs. S. Pipke-Painchaud Diversity of Life Biology 20 Objectives 2. Recognize the role of monera, protists, and fungi in the ecosystem. 2. Recognize the role of monera, protists, and fungi in the ecosystem. 2.1 Describe viral structure and activity/(and about 120,000 fungal cells and some 25,000 algal cells). The human mouth is home to more than 500 species of bacteria. Some bacteria (along with archaea) thrive in the most forbidding, uninviting places on Earth, from nearly-boiling hot/


Lecture 13: Animal Classification تصنيف الحيوان Systematic includes taxonomy, which is the naming تسمية and classification تصنيف of species and groups.

Animalia المملكة الحيوانية. Robert Whittaker in 1969 proposed five kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, and Monera. Robert Whittaker in 1969 proposed five kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, and Monera. Recent studies suggest that three domains be employed: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya Recent studies suggest that three domains be employed: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya Systematic/Taxonomy علم التصنيف Animal Taxonomy Linneus classified species النوع as the smallest unit, and that each/


CH 6.2 and CH 7 Species Change Over Time and Classification of Living Things.

Sytem (plant, animal, protista)  20 th Century: (21)Started using DNA and genes to classify related species  1925: 2 Kingdoms (Prokaryota & Eukaryota)  1938: 4 Kingdoms (Monera, Protoctista, Plantae, Animalia)  1969: 5 Kingdom System (Monera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi, Animalia)  1977: Current 6 Kingdom System  2000’s:???? 7 Kingdoms???? No Kingdoms??? Domains?? Classification  (#5) Classification is the process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarities  Taxonomy: science of naming/


Classification Go to Section:. The Challenge Biologists have identified and named approximately 1.5 million species so far. They estimate that between.

organisms into categories representing lines of evolutionary descent. Species within a genus are more closely related to each other than to species in another genus. Genus: FelisGenus: Canis /kingdom system to include five kingdoms. The Five Kingdom System The Six Kingdom System In recent years, biologists have recognized that the Monera are composed of two distinct groups. As a result, the kingdom Monera has now been separated into two kingdoms: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria, resulting in a six-kingdom/


Five Kingdoms of Living Things

Monera Fungi Plant Animal The 5 Kingdoms Taxonomy a. the science of identifying, naming, and classifying Classification a. the act of placing objects in groups based on characteristics Scientists use both of these to organize living organisms. The largest group living things are placed in is a kingdom (there are 5). The smallest classification group is the species. The second smallest is the genus/


Classification & Kingdoms. Why classify?  Is this a Mountain lion Puma Cougar Panther  Felis concolor.

called Taxon (plural: taxa)  From largest (most broad) to smallest (most specific) Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Make a Mnemonic KPCOFGSKPCOFGS/ then separated Monera into Eubacteria and Archaebacteria 3 Domains  A domain is more inclusive than a kingdom  Domain Bacteria Kingdom Eubacteria  Domain Archaea Kingdom Archaebacteria  Domain Eukarya Kingdom Protista Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia Domain Archaea-Kingdom Archaebacteria  Unicellular/


Topic: Classification Aim: Describe characteristics of each of the six kingdoms. Do Now: Describe some characteristics used to classify organisms. (You.

familiar to most people when associated with human or animal disease. However, there are many bacterial species do not (and cannot) cause disease. Many species even play beneficial roles by producing antibiotics and food. The soil teems with free-living bacteria /-bound organelles, and possesses a flagellum. In which kingdom is this organism classified? (1.) Monera(2.) Fungi (3.) Protists (4.) Plant 4. Mushrooms and molds belong to the kingdom (1.) Fungi (2.) Monera (3.) Protista (4.) Animalia 5. An organism/


Lecture 024 Kingdoms Fungi & Plantae. Plantae Fungi Animalia Protista Monera.

Monera Kingdom Fungi About 100,000 species About 300,000 species Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Fungi About 100,000 species Uses: medicine food Ecological value: major decomposers symbiotic relationships (N 2 fixers) Problems: some strains are deadly athletes foot destroy library books destroy crops About 30% of the 100,000 known species/by degraded mangroves, Vietnam Seagrass beds 57 species worldwide Classification Five kingdom system: MoneraProtistaFungiPlantaeAnimalia Angiosperms Gymnosperms Distribution: 12 /


ORGANIZING BIODIVERSITY. A SPECIES How do we define a species? A reproductive population that occupies a specific niche (plays a role) in nature Individuals.

original bacteria kingdom, Kingdom Monera, is no longer really a kingdom Domain Archaea – Kingdom Archaea Domain Bacteria – Kingdom Bacteria/Eubacteria Kingdom names are no longer being used in either domain http://www.fossilmall.com/Science/Domains.ht m Eukarya Domain Eukarya – most advanced – contain eukaryotic cells having nuclei and organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts Traditional classification was based on similarities in morphology (structures) among species The fossil/


Who Wants to Pass Biology? Chapter 17. The binomial nomenclature system is based on which two taxa? A. Phylum and family B. Family and species C. Genus.

species D. Class and genus Modern biological classification systems differ from outdated systems because they consider ___________. A. Evolutionary relationships B. Morphological comparisons C. Environmental changes D. Biological biodiversity Which kingdom does NOT include autotrophic organisms? A. Protista B. Fungi C. Eubacteria D. Archaeabacteria Which kingdom is often called extremophiles? A. Archaea or Archaeabacteria B. Eubacteria C. Monera/ B. Phylum C. Kingdom D. Species Ursus americanus is an example/


Taxonomy Domains and Kingdoms.

that there are about 8 million additional species yet to be discovered. Taxonomy is the discipline where scientists classify and assign each organism a universally accepted name. How Has Classification Changed Since the 1700’s? 1977 – Research by Carl Woese led scientists to split Monera into two kingdoms: Eubacteria and Archaeabacteria 1753 – Linnaeus introduced his two-kingdom system which included Plantae and Animalia 1938/


Classification 5/6 Kingdoms (depending on who you talk to – 6 kingdoms is the now acceptable answer) Grouped according to _____________relationships Kingdom.

now acceptable answer) Grouped according to _____________relationships Kingdom – Phylum – Class – Order – Family – Genus – species Scientific name Genus species or G. species Why Classify Use classification in order to /spiral) filamentous Strep – chain Staph – like grapes Diplo - two Monera phylum Phylum – Cyano bacteria – blue green algae – –autotrophic Phylum – bacteria –Heterotrophic –Act as symbionts, parasites, or decomposers Kingdom Protista _________ Most are _________– but can grow in colonies and /


Honors Biology Module 2 Kingdom Monera September 5, 2013.

hierarchical classification scheme in order. (King Philip cried out, “For goodness sake!” Label the Prokaryotic Cell Label the Eukaryotic Cell Biological Classification Kingdom  Phylum  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species Kingdom Monera Kingdom Monera from a cellular point of view is probably the most diverse kingdom in creation. They are all composed of prokaryotic cells. 1.Scientists do not know all there is to know about these organisms/


Why do we organize all of the species into categories?

leopard Genus specie –Classification System King Philip Came Over For Green Spaghetti Kingdom is most general and specie is most specific kingdom has many different types of organisms Specie contains only /.Animalia: multi- consume food for energy Go to Section:  Domains  Kingdom BacteriaArchaeaEukarya Monera (old kingdom) EubacteriaArchaea -bacteria ProtistaFungi PlantaeAnimalia Decription of 5 Kingdoms Monera (eubacteria & archaebacteria): single celled, prokaryotes, auto/heter Protists: single celled,/


Classification. Species of Organisms There are 13 billion known species of organisms There are 13 billion known species of organisms This is only 5% of.

that increase in inclusiveness There are seven taxa or groups into which organisms are place: – Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species Kids Kids Pick Pick Candy Candy Over Over Fancy Fancy Green Green Salads! Salads! 19 The/or animals Feed on plants or animals 34 35 The Six Kingdom System The Six Kingdoms of Living Things 1. Animals 2. Plants 3. Fungi 4. Protists 5. Archaebacteria (Monera) 6. Eubacteria (Monera) Classification The basis for classification is very similar to the basis/


Chapter 18: Protists VirusMoneraProtista. Taxonomic thinking Animals Plants Fungi Protists Monera.

Plants Fungi Animals Phylogenetic Thinking ProkaryotesProkaryotes vs Eukaryotes Eukaryotes ProkaryotesEukaryotes Prokaryotes Prokaryotes Kingdoms: Monera (bacteria) Kingdoms: Monera (bacteria) cell membrane and cell wall. cell membrane and cell wall/tidal habitats All protists live in water, or moist soil, or moist interiors of other organisms Classification 115,000 species 115,000 species Major debate regarding how they should be classified Major debate regarding how they should be classified “animal-like” /


Warm Up b How many domains are there? b What are they (try your best here) b How many kingdoms do you think there are? b What are they? (try your best.

kingdoms: – –Monera – –Protista – –Fungi – –Plantae – –Animalia The new Kingdom Six KingdomsSix Kingdoms –Recently, biologists recognized that Monera were composed of distinct groups: and –Recently, biologists recognized that Monera were composed of two distinct groups: Eubacteria and Archaebacteria. Changing Number of Kingdoms Introduced Names of Kingdoms/ the animal kingdom, and many species exist in nearly part of the planet. –There is great diversity within the animal kingdom, and many species exist in /


Paramecium. Chapter 15 p.325-329 6 Kingdoms of Life.

everywhere (Eg. E.coli) E.coli bacteria (Escherichia coli ) Found in humans Streptococci Makes yoghurt Kingdom Monera Split into two Archaebacteria Once thought to be similar to eubacteria Maybe the first living cells Live / stars, humans FYI (For your information) HUMANS KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Chordata (SUBPHYLUM: Vertebrata) (SUPERCLASS: Gnathostomata) Homo sapiens CLASS: Mammalia ORDER: Primata SUBORDER: Haplorhini FAMILY: Hominidae GENUS: Homo SPECIES: Homo sapiens Review A new organism is discovered /


Classification of Living Things Biology Chapter 19 Taxonomy and Kingdoms 1.

4 2 Cell Types of all Cells 1.Prokaryotic – no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, very small cells (example: bacteria in Kingdom Monera) 2.Eukaryotic – has a nucleus and many organelles, large cells that make up all multicellular organisms (example: fungi, plants and / man) 6.Genus – small group of closely related organisms 7.Species – most specific level (Homo sapien) 8 5 Kingdom Table of the 4 Characteristics Kingdom P/E CW/No Auto/Hetero Multi/Uni Monera P CW Both Uni Protista E No CW Both Uni Fungi E/


2.1.  I can compare and contrast living and non- living things  I can explain the current classification system of 3 domains and 6 kingdoms  I can.

)  Family (Five)  Genus (Gold)  Species (Shoes)  Taxonomy means classification  All living things stem from a common ancestor  Carl Linnaeus developed an organization system in 1758  His system only had two kingdoms: Plant and Animal  This system stayed unchanged until the 1960’s  In 1969, Thomas Whittaker proposed a 5 kingdom system  He added Fungus, Protist and Monera to the existing kingdoms Plant and Animal  Whittaker/


#2 I can compare characteristics of the 5 kingdoms and give examples RATE yourself in the “now” column 1-5.

plants and animals for more than 250 years, they still have no exact answer to the question, “How many species are on Earth?” ESTIMATE: Over 8 million different organisms found on Earth Many say only discovered 10% of organisms / Sexual - needs a male and female to reproduce EVERY LIVING THING IS PUT INTO ONE OF FIVE GROUPS CALLED KINGDOMS BASED ON ITS CHARACTERISTICS/ TRAITS  MONERA  PROTISTA  FUNGI  PLANTAE  ANIMILIA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bEk- 3fvutMc ARCHAE - archaebacteria “living/


Classification How Many Species Are There? Global estimates vary from 2 million to 100 million a best estimate of somewhere near 10 million only 1.4 million.

Genus: Capitalized & italicized, a group of similar species species: A group of individuals with same genetic makeup and can produce fertile offspring Grouping Organisms Taxonomic Hierarchy: Group according to similar body structures Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata ClassMammalia Order Primates Family Hominidae Genus Homo SpeciesSapiens The Five Kingdoms Monera ProtistaFungiPlantaeAnimalia BacteriaDiatomsMushroomsFlowersRaccoon The Monera Kingdom Bacteria Eubacteria Bacilli Cocci Spirilla Extreme conditions/


Classification 1.  Evolution has lead to a large variety of organisms.  Biologists have identified and named about 1.5 million species so far.  They.

(taxon). Currently there are now 8 levels. 8 Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species Largest / Least Specific Smallest / Most Specific Taxon :A group or level of organization 9 Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species  Did  King  Phillip  Come  Over / Consists of all organisms that have a nucleus.  The four kingdoms include: Protista Fungi Plantae Anamalia 28 1. Monera - Bacteria 2. Protist 3. Fungi 4. Plants 5. Animals 29  Recently, biologists come to recognize that /


Diversity of Living Things Introduction to Taxonomy, Diversity and the Six Kingdoms of Life.

finding a way to classify Earth’s millions of species. Where to Begin… Aristotle classified living things into two large groups. He believed everything was either in the Kingdom Animalia or the Kingdom Plantae, terms we still use today. Aristotle’s / 4 th Kingdom, the Kingdom Fungi Kingdom #5 Bacterial cells differ from the cells of the other four kingdoms. Therefore they were placed into a 5 th Kingdom, originally called the Kingdom Monera, but now called Kingdom Bacteria. The 6 th and Final Kingdom In the /


Figure 4.3 (b) 24 The Origin of species. Species and Speciation Fundamental unit of classification is the species. Species = a group of populations in.

24.4 Prezygotic barriers impede mating or hinder fertilization if mating does occur Individuals of different species Mating attempt Habitat isolation Temporal isolation Behavioral isolation Mechanical isolation HABITAT ISOLATION TEMPORAL ISOLATIONBEHAVIORAL ISOLATION MECHANICAL /years ago Robert Whittaker proposed a system with five kingdomsMonera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia Figure 26.21 PlantaeFungiAnimalia Protista Monera Eukaryotes Prokaryotes Reconstructing the Tree of Life: A Work/


LO. Biology Organization of Living Things Benchmark 1 Classify major groups of organisms to the kingdom level.

the question C.Fungi Incorrect: Are heterotrophic NOT photosynthetic (this is a common misconception) Return to the question D.Monera Correct: These are the prokaryotes, some of which are photosynthetic (cyanobacteria) There is more…Return to the questionReturn to/correct answer is d. Phylum. The levels of organization from largest (most inclusive) to smallest is kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species (it may help to remember the phrase King Phil came over for Genes spaghetti to remember the /


Plantae Fungi Animalia Protista Monera Kingdom Fungi About 100,000 species Uses: medicine food Ecological value: major decomposers symbiotic relationships.

Plantae Fungi Animalia Protista Monera Kingdom Fungi About 100,000 species Uses: medicine food Ecological value: major decomposers symbiotic relationships (N 2 fixers) Problems: some strains are deadly athletes foot destroy library books destroy crops About 30% of the 100,000 known species of fungi are parasites, mostly on or in plants. –American elms: Dutch Elm Disease Some fungi are pathogens Was once one of/


Chapter 11 Biodiversity: Preserving Species. 11.1 Biodiversity And The Species Concept What is biodiversity? What are species? – Genetically Similar Organisms.

Above Kingdom – Bacteria are More Different Than Everything Else Levels Above Kingdom What’s Bigger than a Kingdom? – Empire? No: Domain or Superkingdom Eukarya: Everything With a Cell Nucleus – Every Organism You Can See Monera (Bacteria) Archaea (Many are Extremophiles) Monera / are accelerating extinction rates Invasive Species Island ecosystems are particularly susceptible to invasive species What Can You Do? Don’t Buy Endangered Species Products 11.4 Endangered Species Management Hunting and fishing laws/


Classification Unit KINGDOMSPECIES Fisher. Page 51 & 53 in Textbook  Aristotle - one of the 1 st scientist to classify living things  Linnaeus -

OrderCarnivore FamilyFelidae GenusFelis Speciescatus KingdomAnimal PhylumChordate ClassMammal OrderCarnivore FamilyFelidae Genus Panthera Species leo What makes up the scientific name? The genus and species names together make up the scientific name. Scientific Name: /Recap- What have we been discussing? Viruses 4. Today-Discuss Bacteria!!! Objective: identify the differences between bacteria and viruses Monera Kingdom: (Mon-ear-a) page 80  One celled (but larger then viruses)  Lack a nucleus, have a cell/


Chapter 26 – Phylogeny & the Tree of Life

The use of multiple genes may improve estimates 26.6 New information continues to revise our understanding of the tree of life Early taxonomists classified all species as either plants or animals Later, five kingdoms were recognized: Monera (prokaryotes), Protista, Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia More recently, the three-domain system has been adopted: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya The three-domain system is supported/


Marine Biology Field Guide. All Life Kingdom Monera Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Animalia Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Protista Domain Eukaryota Domain Archaea.

Field Guide All Life Kingdom Monera Kingdom Fungi Kingdom Animalia Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Protista Domain Eukaryota Domain Archaea Domain Eubacteria Table of Contents Eukaryotes Prokaryotes Kingdom Animalia Multicellular / /Animalia (invertebrates) Class Holothuroidea Class Echinoidea Phylum Echinodermata Class Stelleroidea Echinodermata – the echinoderms Approximately 7,000 species Have spiny skin. Radially symmetrical as adults. Larvae are bilaterally symmetrical. Pentamerous radial symmetry. Body has/


Evolution Just a “Theory?” Evolution Genetic change in species through time Microevolution: a change in a population’s allele frequencies Macroevolution:

Bullock’s oriole range Baltimore oriole range Adaptive Radiation A burst of different species from a single lineage May be due to physical access to a new habitat or Key innovations may permit better survival Classification Five or six kingdoms? The Old 5 Kingdom System All the bacteria were grouped into Kingdom Monera Monera included eubacteria and archaebacteria New relationships discovered In the 1970’s, with/


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