Ppt on kingdom monera characteristics

check on Monday. Today’s WarmUp One system for classifying living organisms identifies five kingdoms of living things. On your paper list what those five kingdoms might be. For each kingdom list the defining characteristics of the group. Be sure that every living thing fits into one of your kingdoms. 1. Monera Simplest organisms, one celled, prokaryotic everywhere on earth, Found everywhere on earth, some are/


life forms known as bacteria What are PROKARYOTES? Archaebacteria (the ancient type) are the oldest prokaryotes. Their characteristic feature is the absence of peptidoglycan in the cell wall and the presence of the proteins and polysaccharides. Eubacteria/(rod shape) Eubacteria is further devided into two, bacteria and caynobacteria BACTERIA are the organisms which belongs to kingdom monera have cell wall made of peptidoglycan, cannot be seen in naked eye and lack membrane bound organelles. CYANOBACTERIA are/


which becomes integrated into the host genome. –HIV is a retrovirus –Retroviruses have also been connected to cancer. Kingdom Monera Eubacteria and Archaebacteria Prokaryotic cells, contain only ribosomes. No nuclues, but do have a nucleoid that contains a chromosome/ Algae Diatoms Dinoflagellates – bound by cellulose plates and have two flagella. Euglena – have both plant and animal like characteristics. 1/3 have Chloroplasts, but lack a cell wall and swim by flagella, two of them. Protozoans Are similar/


Bacteria Kingdom Monera Mrs. S. Pipke-Painchaud Diversity of Life Biology 20 Objectives 2. Recognize the role of monera, protists, and fungi in the ecosystem. 2. Recognize the role of monera, protists, and fungi in the ecosystem. 2.1 Describe viral /how the protist kingdom is classified. 2.8 Collect, culture, and observe a variety of protists. 2.7 Describe how the protist kingdom is classified. 2.8 Collect, culture, and observe a variety of protists. 2.9 Describe the general characteristics of fungi. /


Kingdom Monera – Bacteria Characteristics and Diversity www.onacd.ca Bacteria were first identified in 1677 by Antonie van Leeuwenhook after /Modes of Bacterial disease transmission Direct contact Airborne droplets Bacterial toxins in food (ingestion) Fecal contamination of food Water Vector bites (ex. Mosquito) Kingdom Monera - Bacteria Kingdom Monera - Bacteria Reproduction and Ecological Roles www.onacd.ca Bacterial Reproduction Bacteria reproduce by a process known as BINARY FISSION, a form of asexual /


always a work in progress. – Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae Animalia Plantae –1866: all single-celled organisms moved to kingdom Protista Protista –1938: prokaryotes moved to kingdom Monera Monera –1959: fungi moved to own kingdom Fungi –1977: kingdom Monera split into kingdoms Bacteria and Archaea Archea Bacteria The 6 kingdoms are classified into domains. Domains are above the kingdom level. – domain model more clearly shows prokaryotic diversity - The/


Heterotrophic and Autotrophic Unicellular (some live in colonies) Mostly aquatic Mostly asexual reproduction Motile and non-motile Examples: Protozoa and Algae MONERA Characteristics of the Monera (Bacteria) Kingdom:. Prokaryote (organism that lacks a nucleus and other complex cell structures = primitive cell). Heterotrophic and autotrophic Anaerobic (w/o oxygen) and aerobic (w/oxygen) aquatic, terrestrial and in the air /


related to humans? A.Wolf B.Lion C.Horse D.Chimpanzee Which kingdom is correctly paired with its characteristics? A.Animalia- cell walls and chloroplasts B.Plantae- centrioles and no cell walls C.Protista- cell walls but no chloroplasts D.Monera- lack an organized nucleus Which kingdom is correctly paired with its characteristics? A.Animalia- cell walls and chloroplasts B.Plantae- centrioles and no cell/


Monera What are two characteristics of the organisms in Kingdom Monera? What is meant by unicellular? What are the three shapes of bacteria? Questions – Protista What are some characteristics of Protists? What are the two types of Protists? How are the two types of Protists different? Questions – Fungi What are some characteristics/the major difference between a gymnosperm and an angiosperm? What are three plant characteristics? How are vascular and non vascular plants different? Questions - Animalia What is/


common ancestor Cladogram  Diagram that shows these derived characteristics  Shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organisms  An evolutionary tree  Shows scientists where one lineage branched from another in the course of evolution Cladogram Six Kingdoms  Linneaus only had two kingdoms-Plantae and Animalia  Scientists then added three kingdoms Protista-microorganisms Fungi-mushrooms, yeasts, and molds Monera-bacteria that lack nuclei, mitochondria, and chloroplasts/


to classify living things. Today, living things are classified into five kingdoms: monera, protoctista, fungi, plants and animals. UNIT 1 The five kingdoms Natural Science 2. Secondary Education can be Living things MONERA KINGDOM Eukaryotes Prokaryotes PROTOCTISTA KINGDOM FUNGI KINGDOM PLANT KINGDOM ANIMAL KINGDOM Click on the green buttons to find out more about each kingdom UNIT 1 The five kingdoms Natural Science 2. Secondary Education They are all unicellular. They/


life on earth as they can decompose dead matter. They consist of two main groups, Cyanobacteria and Eubacteria. Kingdom Monera Cyanobacteria Eubacteria Photosynthesizing bacteria Don’t have flagella or cilia Eg. Stromotolites ‘True’ bacteria Detrivors/parasites Can / moldy food is undesirable, but some, like Roquefort cheese are ripened and given their characteristic flavours and textures by fungi (P.roquefortii). Kingdom Fungi Phylum Ascomycota Pale bread mold. The drug penicillin is made from this fungus. /


identified “species name” to the rignt There are always one fewer numbers on the left than there are species to identify General Organism Characteristics 1. Number of Cells –Unicellular or Multicellular 2. Whether they have a cell nucleus –Prokaryotes – without nucleus –Eukaryote – with/Go to 3 2A. Organism has a cell lacking a nucleus (prokaryote) K. Monera B. Organism has a cell with a nucleus (eukaryote) K. Protista 3 4 5 Kingdom Dichotomous Key 1A. Organism is composed of one cell (unicellular) Go to 2 B/


MONERA KINGDOM UNICELLULAR PROKARYOTIC ORGANISMS Characteristics: O They are single-celled organisms O They DO NOT have nucleus. O They are prokaryotic. Classification MONERA BACTERIA CYANOBACTERIA Classification O Bacteria: O Cyanobacteria: BACTERIA/. CYANOBACTERIA also known as blue-green algae that obtain their energy through photosynthesis. They are autotrophs. PROTOCTIST KINGDOM Characteristics: O They are unicellular and multicellular organisms O They have eukaryotic cell O They are very simple and /


4 2 Cell Types of all Cells 1.Prokaryotic – no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles, very small cells (example: bacteria in Kingdom Monera) 2.Eukaryotic – has a nucleus and many organelles, large cells that make up all multicellular organisms (example: fungi, plants and / of closely related organisms 7.Species – most specific level (Homo sapien) 8 5 Kingdom Table of the 4 Characteristics Kingdom P/E CW/No Auto/Hetero Multi/Uni Monera P CW Both Uni Protista E No CW Both Uni Fungi E CW Hetero Both Plantae/


major animal phyla Define invertebrate, chordate, vertebrate 6 characteristics of animals Multicellular Heterotrophs Mostly sexual reproduction No cell wall Motile at some stage Complex organ structures to respond to environment quickly Taxonomy Kingdoms:Sub-groups: Monera Protista Fungi Plantae Taxonomy Kingdoms:Sub-groups: Monera Protista Fungi PlantaeMosses Ferns Conifers Flowering Taxonomy Kingdoms:Sub-groups: Monera Protista Fungi PlantaeMosses Ferns Conifers Flowering AnimaliaInvertebrates Vertebrates/


the cyanobacteria and the archaea: Nostoc Sulfolobus Kingdom Prokaryota (Monera) Genetically the bacteria are more different from /Kingdom Plantae Multicellular photoautotrophic eukaryotes Cell walls contain cellulose Some cells at least contain chloroplasts (except in some plant parasites like broomrape or dodder, which have lost them) Kingdom Animalia Multicellular heterototrophic eukaryotes Cells without cell walls Usually motile, at least at some stage in the life cycle Nutrition is characteristically/


Six Kingdoms of Organisms What three main characteristics distinguish the members of the six kingdoms? Type of cell Type of cell How they obtain their food How they obtain their food Number of cells Number of cells SIX KINGDOMS ARCHAEBACTERIA/ kingdom called Monera. Originally the two bacteria were grouped together in one kingdom called Monera. Now they are separated into two kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria Now they are separated into two kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria Kingdom Archaebacteria/


MONERA KINGDOM UNICELLULAR PROKARYOTIC ORGANISMS Characteristics: They are single-celled organisms They DO NOT have nucleus.  They are prokaryotic.   Classification MONERA BACTERIA CYANOBACTERIA Classification Bacteria: Cyanobacteria: BACTERIA /CYANOBACTERIA also known as blue-green algae that obtain their energy through photosynthesis. They are autotrophs. PROTOCTIST KINGDOM Characteristics: They are unicellular and multicellular organisms They have eukariotic cell  They are very simple and they never /


Kingdom Monera 1. Archaebacteria v. Eubacteria 2. Characteristics a. prokaryotic cells b. unicellular c. autotrophic or heterotrophic d. asexual reproduction  Kingdom Protista 1. Characteristics a. eukaryotic cells b. mostly unicellular c. heterotrophic or autotrophic d. asexual reproduction  Kingdom Fungi 1. Characteristics a. eukaryotic cells b. unicellular or multicellular c. heterotrophic *external digestion d. mostly asexual reproduction  Kingdom Plantae 1. Characteristics a. eukaryotic b. /


not reproduce on their own –Virus Life Cycle – _________ _________ and assembly _________ Monera – (_________ / _________) Prokaryotic Single celled Circular DNA Asexual reproduction Monera shapes and names Name based on shapes coccuscoccus (spherical) bacillus (rod-like) /plants but can be unicellular and not specialized Kingdom - Fungus Have _________ made of chitin Heterotrophic – _________/ decomposers Fungus Overview of Fungus Have some plant characteristics, but are NOT plants Grow in _________,/


, classifications, and mechanisms found in living things SOUTH DAKOTA CORE SCIENCE STANDARDS 9-12.L.1.2. Students are able to classify organisms using characteristics and evolutionary relationship of major taxa. (APPLICATION) Kingdoms Examples: animals, plants, fungi, protista, monera Phyla Examples: invertebrates, vertebrates, divisions of plants LIFE SCIENCE: Indicator 1: Understand the fundamental structures, functions, classifications, and mechanisms found in living things Core/


Life  Living organisms are divided into five kingdoms:Prokaryotae, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia  Characteristics of living things- Living things are made of cells, obtain and use energy, grow and develop, reproduce, respond to their environment, adapt to their environment.  Prokaryotae(Monera) - Unicellular and Microscopic. Non- membrane bound (no nuclear membrane, no ER, no mitochondria). Cell wall made of murein. Examples: Bacteria, Cyanobacteria. 5/


another planet in our galaxy. What signs of life would you look for? What are the characteristics of living organisms? MRS GREN Movement Respiration Sensitivity Growth Reproduction Excretion Nutrition Movement Most single-celled creatures/ most biologists favoured the use of two kingdoms, Plants and Animals. Modern classification tends to favour the adoption of 5 kingdoms – Prokaryotes (Monera), Protoctista, Fungi, Plants and Animals Classification Kingdom Monera (Prokaryotes) Bacteria and Blue-green algae /


.All animals are multicellular, eukaryotic, and hetertrophic (obtain energy by feeding) 2.Most animals exhibit all four divisions of labor -Cells – tissues– organs– systems Important Characteristics of Animal Kingdom 3. Most animals are motile but some are sessile (ex. sponges) 4. Most reproduce sexually with a typical life span including sperm and egg merging to form a zygote that /


characteristics such as having flagella and swim 6. size : can be single celled to large multicellular individuals B. Plant like organisms of the Kingdom Protista are commonly called the unicellular algae. C. Unicellular organisms in the kingdom /are photosynthetic organisms that drift in the water. F. Most marine phytoplankton belong to either kingdom Monera (cyanobacteria) or the kingdom Protista. G. Diatoms: Kingdom Protista, Phylum Chrysophyta H. Diatom means “cut- in-two” 1. extremely plentiful /


MONERA Prokaryotes called BACTERIA All BACTERIA were in the KingdomMONERA CURRENT Classification Prokaryotes (BACTERIA) are divided into 2 very different KINGDOMS EUBACTERIA ARCHAEBACTERIA Eubacteria vs. Archaebacteria BOTH: Prokaryotes, unicellular, autotrophic or heterotrophic EUBACTERIA: Larger kingdom / proteins, and lipids CORE – contains DNA or RNA CAPSID – outer protein coat CHARACTERISTICS: Many different sizes and shapes Only REPRODUCE when infecting living cell (virus is not a cell) Viruses /


and female to reproduce / usually just splits in two  Sexual - needs a male and female to reproduce EVERY LIVING THING IS PUT INTO ONE OF FIVE GROUPS CALLED KINGDOMS BASED ON ITS CHARACTERISTICS/ TRAITS  MONERA  PROTISTA  FUNGI  PLANTAE  ANIMILIA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bEk- 3fvutMc ARCHAE - archaebacteria “living fossils” – date back 3.5 billion years ago Can live in extreme environments/


questions answered by “yes” or “no”, and each question is a choice between two characteristics A tool used in plant or animal identification Dichotomous Key 1. a. Coin is silver /nuclei)  Fungi  Plantae  Animalia Kingdoms Today, there are six kingdoms (Monera is divided into two kingdoms)  Eubacteria  Archaebacteria  Protista  Fungi  Plantae  Animalia Kingdoms Six kingdoms  Eubacteria - Bacteria  Archaebacteria – “Old” bacteria  Protista – The “leftover” kingdom  Fungi – Mushrooms and molds  /


BACTERIA BACTERIA  GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS  Prokaryotic/Unicellular  Most ancient Kingdom (once called Monera)  Autotrophic (photosynthetic or chemosynthetic) (ex: cyanobacteria are blue green for photosynthesis)  Heterotrophic (most—saprobes or parasites)  Found almost anywhere (air, water, soil) KINGDOM MONERA  STRUCTURE  Have very few organelles  Consist of a cell membrane, cell wall, cytoplasm, ribosomes, genetic material, and a flagellum  Genetic material is DNA or RNA  Flagellum is used /


( All organisms can be organized into one of five kingdoms. This system was developed by Carl Linnaeus. 1. Animal 2. Plant 3. Fungi 4. Monera 5. Protist Animalia – an animal Chordata – internal skeleton (spinal chord) Mammalia – a mammal Carnivora – carnivor Canidae – dog like characteristics Canis – coyote, wolves, dogs Familiaris – domesticated Collie – the specific breed Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Variety LATIN You/


3.3 Classification of Prokaryotes  In the 5K system all prokaryotes were placed in the Kingdom Monera because they have prokaryotic cells  Until the late 20 th century, prokaryotic taxonomy was based/ of prokaryotes, the Archaea and the Bacteria  Kingdom Monera is therefore obselete, and Archaea and Bacteria are both domains in the 3D system  Archaea is actually more closely related to Eukarya than to Bacteria and shares many characteristics with it. Major Findings from Molecular Systematics Most /


characteristics. Each species has a two-part name. Species are organized hierarchically into broader and broader groups of organisms. 1. Taxonomy employs a hierarchical system of classification The seven basic taxonomic categories are: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species; kingdom/ The five-kingdom system recognizes that there are two fundamentally different types of cells: prokaryotic (the kingdom Monera) and eukaryotic (the other four kingdoms). Three kingdoms of multicellular /


mammals are all vertebrates. Worms and snails are invertebrates: they don’t have a spinal column. Groups of living things with similar cells are called kingdoms. There are five kingdoms: Animal, Plant, Monera, Fungi and Protista. What are the characteristics of mammals? All mammals have lungs to breathe. Mammals have skin and hair. Most mammals have four legs. Almost all mammals are viviparous. What/


Modern classification began with the work of Carolus Linnaeus, who grouped species according to shared physical characteristics. In the life sciences, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. As the word/ than bacterial cells! Used to be 1 kingdom- Monera (Bacteria only) } The 6 kingdoms Prokaryotes (Used to be 1 kingdom, Monera) –Archaebacteria –Eubacteria Eukaryotes –Fungi –Protista –Animal –Plantae Overview of the 6 kingdoms Archaebacteria –Unicellular –Live in extreme environments /


as hot acidic springs or deep in the ocean near hot vents  Carry out chemosynthesis (most autotrophic)  Used to be part of kingdom Monera  Unicellular, prokaryotic, asexual reproduction PROTISTA  Protozoa: “first animal”  Eukaryotic  Unicellular  Fresh & salt water habitats & moist soil/…makes its own food Where does it belong?? PROTISTA And what about Viruses?? Are they alive?? LIVING CHARACTERISTICS Organized: head, tail, nucleic acid Contain DNA or RNA contain a PROTEIN coat Adapt (protein coat for/


is classification? Classification is the grouping of organisms according to characteristics Taxonomy is the science of classifying organisms based on physical characteristics Our taxonomic system was developed by Carolus Linneaus in the 1700’s 2 Classifying Species All organisms are slotted into eight nested levels of taxonomic categories known as ranks Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species Sample Classification of a/


A who’s who of the Protista Kingdom What are The five kingdoms? Monera PROTISTA Fungi Plantae Animalia What is a Protist? Do any of these look familiar? What are the characteristics of the Kingdom Protista? 1. Eukaryotic 2. Heterotrophic and Autotrophic 3. Live in aquatic environments 4. Unicellular or multicellular 5. Reproduce both sexually and asexually What are the three types of protists? 1. /


Archaebacteria & Eubacteria (formerly the Kingdom Monera) Part 3 Classification notes What is an Archaebacteria? Prokaryotes that live in extreme environments What is /) Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma Pollination is the transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma Animal Kingdom (Characteristics) Classification Symmetry (Body Plans) Asymmetrical – irregular shape Radial – can be divided along any plane through a central axis Asymmetrical – irregular shape Radial/


classified. Key concepts include: a) the distinguishing characteristics of kingdoms of organisms; b) the distinguishing characteristics of major animal and plant phyla; and c) the characteristics of the species. TAXONOMY--the branch of science / only small circle of DNA (plasmid) No membrane- bound organelles. Eukaryotic Cells are Larger than Prokaryotic cells MONERA Only kingdom composed of prokaryotic organisms Single cell (no multicellular forms) Have a cell wall No membrane-bound organelles Autotrophic/


KINGDOM MONERA (BACTERIA) What makes this kingdom unique?  Most abundant organisms on Earth  Outnumber all other organisms combined  More in a handful of dirt than the total number of people who have ever lived Characteristics Prokaryotes: no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles Characteristics  Smaller than smallest eukaryotes  All are unicellular  Now considered two kingdoms: Archaebacteria and Eubacteria prokaryotes eukaryotes smaller than KINGDOM ARCHAEBACTERIA  Archae = ancient  Evolution /


Equus asinus Discoverer gets to name it ! Kingdoms of Living Things Monera Protista Fungi Animalia Plantae Whittaker in 1969 Nucleus or not Uni/multicellular How they obtain food Monera Simple, unicellular, prokaryotic Bacteria Now Archeabacteria Eubacteria / = pore Pod = foot Phyt = plant Rhod = red What about viruses? Non-living particle (consider characteristics of “life”) Bacteriophage Lytic Cycle Classified? Not in organic classification system Formerly classified by host New system by shape and/


bacteria and "blue-green algae", into a separate Kingdom Monera (1956) Two Domains Became Five Kingdoms Robert Harding Whittaker (1920–1980) elevated the fungi to their own Kingdom in 1969 Whittaker’s Five Kingdoms, one for prokaryotes and four (protists, fungi, / Kingdoms is based on structural differences in RNA See the Science of Biodiversity web site for more details. Diversity of Archea and Eubacteria FYI: Representative types of Archea and Eubacteria are indicated together with their characteristics /


they did not perform photosynthesis… now they are in a 4 th Kingdom, the Kingdom Fungi Kingdom #5 Bacterial cells differ from the cells of the other four kingdoms. Therefore they were placed into a 5 th Kingdom, originally called the Kingdom Monera, but now called Kingdom Bacteria. The 6 th and Final Kingdom In the 1990s there was increased interest in bacteria that grew in extreme environments. Detailed/


Animalia. The 6 Kingdoms of Life ____________ Eukaryotes ______________________ Prokaryotes Archaea Prokaryotes Always unicellular Autotrophs Adapted to unusual and/or extreme conditions, such as very hot, very salty or anaerobic (no-oxygen) environments Many are found in sulfur ponds and deep sea vents Eubacteria (Monera) Bacteria Prokaryotes Some autotrophs, some heterotrophs Always unicellular May have plant, fungal or animal characteristics, but lack organelles/


kingdoms of the 5 Kingdom Classification System  Monera (Bacteria)  Protista  Fungi  Plantae  Anamalia We are NOT starting a new kingdom, but discovering the Chemistry behind “Life”. Module 5 Outline Terms 1.Atoms – The Basic Building Blocks of Life 2. Matter – Anything that has mass and takes up- space Example Matter ____________________ Not matter _________________ 3. Mass – Have mass, then you have weight Remember???? What characteristic/majority of an atom’s characteristics. *Replace quiz score with/


Kingdoms Scientists realized there were enough differences among organisms to make 5 kingdoms: Monera Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia 18-3 Kingdoms and Domains Slide 4 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The Tree of Life Evolves Six Kingdoms Recently, biologists recognized that Monera/ heterotrophic; and can share characteristics with plants, fungi, or animals. 18-3 Kingdoms and Domains Slide 17 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Domain Eukarya Fungi Members of the kingdom Fungi are heterotrophs. Most /


discoveries can lead to changes in classification. - Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae - Until 1866: only two kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae Classification is always a work in progress. –1938: prokaryotes moved to kingdom Monera –1866: all single-celled organisms moved to kingdom Protista –1959: fungi moved to own kingdom –1977: kingdom Monera split into kingdoms Bacteria and Archaea Animalia Protista Fungi Plantae Archea Bacteria The Three Domains/


cells? one* (mostly) Does the cell have a nucleus? YES Does it make food? Both Does it move? YES Characteristics: Monera How many cells? ONE Does the cell have a nucleus? NO (Prokaryotic) Does it make food? Both Does it move? SOME Kingdom Phylum (Division) Class Order Family Genus Species Genus & species is the organism’s scientific name. Homo sapien Genus- capitalized (noun/


Kingdom Monera * cell type * Heterotrophic or Autotrophic Kingdom Eubacteria (true) Kingdom Archaebacteria (ancient) Prokaryotic Recall that the archaea are more closely related to the eukaryotes, while the bacteria are related to cell organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts. Kingdom Eubacteria Kingdom/bacterium Pili are used by a bacterium to attach to surfaces and for sexual reproduction. CHARACTERISTICS of Bacteria: 1. Most reproduce asexually through binary fission. ( Dividing in half; identical/


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