Ppt on ip address classes

1 IP version 6 Architecture and Protocol Hiroshi Esaki, Ph.D The University of Tokyo, WIDE Project.

Class B), Dst; 192.43.235.6 (Class C), netmask=255.255.255.0 - in different class domain (“140” vs “192”) => send packet to GW in the subnet (140.252.1.0/24) 27 Other address savings DHCP ; Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol NAT ; Network Address Translation Private IP address 28 Private IP addresses/network Home Link –Home network link where Mobile Node exists Home AddressIP address obtained in the Home Link Care of AddressIP address obtained in the mobile network 140 Mobile IPv6 terminology (cont.) /


Chapter 8 Communication Networks and Services The TCP/IP Architecture The Internet Protocol IPv6 Transport Layer Protocols Internet Routing Protocols Multicast.

used to find subnet number In the 1990, two problems became apparent IP addresses were being exhausted IP routing tables were growing very large IP Address Exhaustion Class A, B, and C address structure inefficient Class B too large for most organizations, but future proof Class C too small Rate of class B allocation implied exhaustion by 1994 IP routing table size Growth in number of networks in Internet reflected in/


IP Networking.

need to be installed in Route mode, since we are connecting different networks together. A general ‘Rule of Thumb’, is to supply your networks Router with the first available IP address in your IP class. Our new network would look similar to this: #2 #1 #3 Routers Routers connect different networks together. A router operates at the Internet layer of the TCP Model. It/


Ch.2 – Advanced IP Address Management

actual need. Rick Graziani graziani@cabrillo.edu IPv4 Address Classes Class D Addresses A Class D address begins with binary 1110 in the first octet. First octet range 224 to 239. Class D address can be used to represent a group of hosts called a host group, or multicast group. Class E Addresses First octet of an IP address begins with 1111 Class E addresses are reserved for experimental purposes and should not be/


CSE401N:Computer Networks Lecture 11+12+13 The Internet Protocol(IP) IPv4 & IPv6 CIDR, Subnet & NAT DHCP,ARP.

224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255 32 bits given notion of “network”, let’s re-examine IP addresses: “class-full” addressing: 6/3/2015 4a-7 IP Addressing r An IP address is a 32-bit sequence of 1s and 0s. r To make the IP address easier to use, the address is usually written as four decimal numbers separated by periods. r This way of writing the/


IP Suite© Dr. Ayman Abdel-Hamid, CS4254 Spring 20061 CS4254 Computer Network Architecture and Programming Dr. Ayman A. Abdel-Hamid Computer Science Department.

, CS4254 Spring 200614 IP Addressing 1/11 Global (public) IP addresses are unique (universal) Private IP addresses are not globally unique  No router will forward a packet that has a private IP address as a destination address Dotted decimal notation IP Suite© Dr. Ayman Abdel-Hamid, CS4254 Spring 200615 IP Addressing 2/11 Classful addressing Five classes: A, B, C, D, and E IP Suite© Dr. Ayman Abdel-Hamid, CS4254 Spring 200616 IP Addressing 3/11 Classful addressing Hierarchical: Network/


TCP/IP Basics Alvin Kwan.

(CIDR) around 1993. Classless Inter-domain Routing (CIDR) A more efficient way to assign IP addresses than using IP addressclasses” The network and host addresses boundary is not always made on octet boundaries, but may be made any specific number of bits from the beginning of the address A slash following IP address is used to indicate the number of bits of the network ID, e.g., 192/


COMP680E by M. Hamdi1 IP Addressing and CIDR. COMP680E by M. Hamdi2 IP Addresses.

for network addresses: Class A and B addresses are overkill (>64,000 addresses) Class C address is insufficient (requires 40 Class C addresses) COMP680E by M. Hamdi20 Allocation of Classful Addresses COMP680E by M. Hamdi21 Flat Network Addressing This router needs at least 12 table entries Exports at least 12 network addresses Z Y X WT U V S Q R P N COMP680E by M. Hamdi22 Limitations of Classful IP Addressing Wastes IP Addresses Network of/


15-441 Computer Networking Lecture 8 – IP Addressing and Forwarding.

-22-05 Lecture 8: Addressing/Forwarding24 IP Address Classes (Some are Obsolete) Network IDHost ID Network IDHost ID 816 Class A 32 0 Class B 10 Class C 110 Multicast Addresses Class D 1110 Reserved for experiments Class E 1111 24 9-22-05 Lecture 8: Addressing/Forwarding25 Original IP Route Lookup Address would specify prefix for forwarding table Simple lookup www.cmu.edu address 128.2.11.43 Class B addressclass + network is 128.2/


15-441 Computer Networking Lecture 9 – IP Packets.

? 9-26-06 Lecture 9: IP Packets IP Address Classes (Some are Obsolete) Network ID Host ID 8 16 24 32 Class A Network ID Host ID Class B 10 Class C 110 Class D 1110 Multicast Addresses Class E 1111 Reserved for experiments 9-26-06 Lecture 9: IP Packets IP Address Problem (1991) Address space depletion In danger of running out of classes A and B Why? Class C too small for most domains/


Department of Electronic Engineering City University of Hong Kong EE3900 Computer Networks Internet Protocol (IP) Slide 1 Internet Protocol (IP)

of Hong Kong EE3900 Computer Networks Internet Protocol (IP) Slide 30 IP Packet Header Three Key fields –source IP address –destination IP address –type (of data) Department of Electronic Engineering City University of Hong Kong EE3900 Computer Networks Internet Protocol (IP) Slide 31 Outline Motivation of Internetworking Internet Protocol (IP) IP Packets Classes of Internet Address Datagram Forwarding IP Encapsulation and Address Resolution Fragmentation and Reassembly Department of Electronic Engineering/


1 Fall 2005 Brief Coverage of Topics IP, ARP, UDP, TCP, and DNS Qutaibah Malluhi CSE Department Qatar University.

decimal  Represents each octet in decimal separated by dots  Note: Not the same as names like www.google.com. 9 QU IP Addressing  QU has a single Class B network: 143.132.0.0  All fixed IP address hosts (usually servers) at JSU have 143.132 prefix: –143.132.1.13 – www.jsums.edu same as ccaix.jsums.edu –143.132.6.62 – programmer –143/


© Copyright 1997, The University of New Mexico 7-1 Internetworking Technologies & Services (II) Introduction to TCP/IP –Models –Packet formats –Addressing.

37 –netid = 10. and hostids = 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255 –Note: 127.0.0.0 network addresses are reserved for loopback addressing –24-bits available; 16,777,216 possible hostid IP addresses Class B: 128 through 191; e.g. 129.24.24.119 –netid = 129.24. and hostids = 129.24.0.0 /to 129.24.255.255 –16-bits available; 65,536 possible hostid IP addresses Class C: 192 through 223; e.g. 198.6.7.3 –netid = 198.6.7. and hostids = 198.6.7.0 to 198.6.7.255 –8/


1 IP Addressing (IPv4 ADDRESSES). 2 Universal Service Concept Any computer can communicate with any other computer in the world. Multiple independently.

to 255. d. A mixture of binary notation and dotted-decimal notation is not allowed. 14 IP Address Classes Traditionally, the conventions are that there are three main types of IP networks. Class A Class B Class C There are also: Class D Class E 15 The first bits of the IP address specify how the rest of the address should be separated into its network and host part. The terms network/


Chapter 4: Network Layer

prefix is 24 bits long Each IP address contained a key which identifies the class: Class A: IP address starts with “0” Class B: IP address starts with “10” Class C: IP address starts with “110” Network Layer The old way: Internet Address Classes Network Layer The old way: Internet Address Classes We will learn about multicast addresses later in this course. Network Layer Problems with Classful IP Addresses By the early 1990s, the original classful address scheme had a number of/


MSc WLAN, IP/TCP and COMM NETWORK Topics

a wireless LAN Describe the criteria for LAN design Explain the architecture for IEEE 802.x, TCP/IP and ISO/OSI Describe the OSI and TCP/IP model Explain each feature of the IP datagram Explain the Internet classes and give an example of how to design an IP address for a network Explain the concept of ARP, RARP, DHCP and DNS Explain IPv4 and IPv6/


TCP/IP Address Overview End stations communicate seamlessly with servers or other stations Each node uses a unique 32 bit IP address.

Internetwork Numbers (ARIN) See www.arin.net for more informationwww.arin.net Early IP Addresses Early IP addresses did not use classes because there weren’t very many networks Now a class system is necessary to increase the number of available IP addresses IP Address Classes 8 Bits Class ANetworkHost Class BNetwork Host Class CNetwork Host Class DMulticast Class EResearch Analysis of Class System Class A networks have only 8 network bits and 24 host field bits Therefore/


© 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall More on TCP/IP Module A Updated January 2009 Raymond Panko’s Business Data Networks and Telecommunications,

Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall A-102 IP Address Classes How large is the network part in an IP address? Today we use network masks to tell Originally, IP had address classes with fixed numbers of bits in the network part –Class A: 8 bits (24 bits in local part) –Class B: 16 bits (16 bits in local part) –Class C: 24 bits (8 bits in local part) © 2009/


IP Addressing An IP address is 32-bit long. It is usually written as four decimal numbers separated by dots (periods) (dotted decimal notation) In hex,

bits of an address, IP software can quickly determine the address class, and therefore its structure. IP Addressing Note: For Class A: Have a first dotted decimal number in the range 1-126 For Class B: Have a first dotted decimal number in the range 128-191 For Class C: Have a first dotted decimal number in the range 192-223 IP Addressing There are five forms of IP addresses: Class A :126 networks/


15-441 Computer Networking Lecture 7 – Bridging, Addressing and Forwarding Copyright ©, 2007-10 Carnegie Mellon University.

-06 Lecture 8: Bridging/Addressing/Forwarding40 IP Address Classes (Some are Obsolete) Network IDHost ID Network IDHost ID 816 Class A 32 0 Class B 10 Class C 110 Multicast Addresses Class D 1110 Reserved for experiments Class E 1111 24 9-21-06 Lecture 8: Bridging/Addressing/Forwarding41 Original IP Route Lookup Address would specify prefix for forwarding table Simple lookup www.cmu.edu address 128.2.11.43 Class B addressclass + network is 128/


IP Address. History Internet Protocol (IP) technology was developed in the 1970s to support some of the first research computer networks. Today, IP has.

D1110224.0.0.0239.255.255.255 E1111240.0.0.0255.255.255.255 IP Address Class E The IPv4 networking standard defines Class E addresses as reserved, meaning that they should not be used on IP networks. Some research organizations use Class E addresses for experimental purposes. However, nodes that try to use these addresses on the Internet will be unable to communicate properly. Limited Broadcast A special/


2440: 141 Web Site Administration IP Addressing Instructor: Enoch E. Damson.

for the IP address above) IP Addressing15 IP AddressingIP address are categorized into ranges referred to as classes: Classes A, B, C, D, and E Only IP addresses in the classes A, B, and C are available for assigning an address to a host Class system provides a basis for determining which part of the address is the network and which is the host ID The first octet of an address denotes its class IP Addressing16 IP Addressing Classes Class A/


15-441 Computer Networking Lecture 9 – IP Packets.

IP addresses look like? This lecture Modern IP addresses How to get an IP address? What do IP packets look like? How do routers work? 9-26-06 Lecture 9: IP Packets3 IP Address Classes (Some are Obsolete) Network IDHost ID Network IDHost ID 816 Class A 32 0 Class B 10 Class C 110 Multicast Addresses Class D 1110 Reserved for experiments Class E 1111 24 9-26-06 Lecture 9: IP Packets4 Outline CIDR IP addressing Forwarding examples IP/


April 1999Computer Networks/Habib Youssef1 The Internet and TCP/IP Habib Youssef, Ph.D. Department of Computer Engineering King.

) »Each number is from 0-255 »Example: razi 196.15.69.230 l Number of bits used for Net-Id and for Host-Id depends on class of IP address April 1999Computer Networks/Habib Youssef28 Classes of IP addresses l Class A: Used for the very few large networks with more than 2 16 hosts. First byte < 128 0127831 0Net-IDHost-ID April 1999Computer Networks/Habib Youssef29/


IP Addressing & Subnetting Made Easy

significance of this should become evident later in this presentation. Peter Smith IP Address Classes IP addresses are divided into 5 classes, each of which is designated with the alphabetic letters A to E. Class D addresses are used for multicasting. Class E addresses are reserved for testing & some mysterious future use. Peter Smith IP Address Classes (Cont.) The 5 IP classes are split up based on the value in the 1st octet: Peter Smith/


Fundamentals of EtherNet/IP Networking Technology

(binary 129) (binary 8) (binary 128) (binary 31) IP addresses are also broken down into classes. Each class of IP address identifies what part of the total IP address is used to identify the network it is on, and what part of the IP address is used to identify the end device on that network. Layer 3 – Network IP - Addressing The 4 classes of addresses are shown below: 0 1 2 8 16 31/


1 Topic 6: Network Layer - Chapter 5 : The Internet: Addressing & Services Business Data Communications, 4e.

Class C Class D Class E Class BClass A Ranges of the first byte for different classes: Class A: 0xxxxxxx Class B: 10xxxxxx.xxxxxxxx Class C: 110xxxxx.xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx Class D: 1110xxxx.xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx Class E: 1111xxxx.xxxxxxxx.xxxxxxxx 224 239 Note: The IP addresses with the first byte as 0 and 127 are reserved 13 Internet Address Classes # of Addresses Class Available Addr-Structure Example Available # Class/a group of computers temporarily in a class D IP address. IGMP is used for multicast. Anycasting/


Lecture 7 – IP Addressing and Forwarding

host 21 bits of net, 8 bits of host Class A B C Lecture 7: 9-18-01 IP Address Classes (Some are Obsolete) Network ID Host ID 8 16 24 32 Class A Network ID Host ID Class B 10 Class C 110 Class D 1110 Multicast Addresses Class E Reserved for experiments 1111 Lecture 7: 9-18-01 Some Special IP Addresses 127.0.0.1: local host (a.k/


IP Addresses NETE0510 Presented by Dr.Apichan Kanjanavapastit.

the migration is very fastHowever, part of the Internet is still using classful addressing, but the migration is very fast Classful Addressing (cont.) In classful addressing, the IP address space is divided into 5 classes: A, B, C, D and E Each class occupies some part of the whole address space Recognizing Class One can find the class of an address when the address is given in binary notation or dotted- decimal notation If the/


+ IP Addressing Basics LAB 8. + Objective Name the five different classes of IP addresses Describe the characteristics and use of the different IP address.

9x/NT/2000/XP installed Access to the Windows Calculator + Step 1 Review IP address classes and their characteristics Address classes There are five classes of IP addresses, A through E. Only the first three classes are used commercially. A Class A network address is discussed in the table to get started. The first column is the class of IP address. The second column is the first octet, which must fall within the range/


NETWORK LAYER IP Addressing 1. ANNOUNCEMENT: Rescheduled  NO PRACTICAL SESSIONS ON TUESDAY 22, November 2010  Rescheduled sessions: MONDAY: November.

IP addresses IP Addresses 11  Older Technology - Classful IP Addressing  Defines IP address as belonging to one of the available five classes: Class A Class B Class C Class D Class E  Current technology - Classless IP Addressing IP Address 12 IP Addresses are 32 bits. Divide into four 8 bit sections (octets). Convert from binary to decimal. Classful IP Addressing 13  Five different classes of IP addresses  A, B, C, D, E  Class A, B and C are primary classes Used for assigning IP addressesClass D/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 Addressing The Network – IPv4 Network Fundamentals – Chapter 6 Modified by.

right? © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 86 Review and applied the concept (you are supposed to learn)!!  Can you recall the 3 classes of the private IP address? © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 87 Review and applied the concept (you are supposed to learn)!!  Host A can communicate with/


Protocol Headers 0x0800 Internet Protocol, Version 4 (IPv4) 0x0806 Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) 0x8100 IEEE 802.1Q-tagged frame 0x86DD Internet Protocol,

Internet A measure of well-needed security Also conveniently saves valuable IP address space Network Address Translation (NAT), which basically takes a private IP address and converts it for use on the Internet Private IP Addresses Class A 10.0.0.0 through 10.255.255.255 Class B 172.16.0.0 through 172.31.255.255 Class C 192.168.0.0 through 192.168.255.255 The/


DCN286 INTRODUCTION TO DATA COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TCP/IP and IP addressing.

.255 is 11111111.11111111.11111111 in the mask. Valid network mask Binary valueDecimal value 000000000 10000000128 11000000192 11100000224 11110000240 11111000248 11111100252 11111110254 11111111255 IP address class Traditionally, the IP address was classified in classes: Class A: network 1 – 126 with subnet mask 255.0.0.0 (Initial bit starts as 0) Class B: network 128 – 191 with subnet mask 255.255.0.0 (Initial bit starts as 10/


1 04 82010 Unit-VI Network Layer Unit –6 Network Layer: Logical Addressing.

Layer Defined when IP was standardized in 1981 IP addresses are 32-bit long and consist of: a network address part – network identifier a host address part – host number within that network IP addresses are grouped into classes (A,B,C) depending on the size of the network identifier and the host part of the address A fourth class (Class D) was defined later (1988) for Multicast addresses Internet Addresses (IP Addresses) 20 04 82010/


CCNA Discovery 1 Chapter 5: Network Addressing. Contents 5.1: IP Addresses & Subnet Masks ◦ 5.1.1 - Purpose of an IP Address 5.1.1 ◦ 5.1.2 – Address Structure.

determine which portion of the IP address represents the network address and which portion represents the host address. IP v. 4 addresses are grouped into 5 classes: ◦ Classes A, B and C are commercial addresses and are assigned to business, organizations and individuals to be used for hosts on the Internet ◦ Class D is reserved for multicast use ◦ Class E is for experimental use Commercial IP Address Classes Class C addresses are usually assigned to small/


CIS 1140 Network Fundamentals Chapter 10 – In Depth TCP/IP Networking Collected and Compiled By JD Willard MCSE, MCSA, Network+, Microsoft IT Academy Administrator.

separate traffic from various parts of a network Address Classes Demo Classful Addressing in IPv4 IP addresses and their classes Network information (network ID) –First 8 bits in Class A address –First 16 bits in Class B address –First 24 bits in a Class C address Host information –Last 24 bits in Class A address –Last 16 bits in Class B address –Last 8 bits in Class C address Classful Addressing (continued) Example IP addresses with classful addressing Subnet Masks Subnetting depends on subnet masks/


CIS 1140 Network Fundamentals Chapter 9– In Depth TCP/IP Networking Collected and Compiled By JD Willard MCSE, MCSA, Network+, Microsoft IT Academy Administrator.

Demo Subnetting pt. 2 Demo Subnetting (cont’d.) IP addresses and their classes Network information (network ID) –First 8 bits in Class A address –First 16 bits in Class B address –First 24 bits in a Class C address Host information –Last 24 bits in Class A address –Last 16 bits in Class B address –Last 8 bits in Class C address Subnetting (cont’d.) Sample IPv4 addresses with classful addressing Subnetting (cont’d.) IPv4 subnet masks –Identifies/


Chapter 6 IPv4 Addresses – Part 3 CIS 81 Networking Fundamentals Rick Graziani Cabrillo College Last Updated: 4/13/2008.

have 7 /27 subnets 16 /30 subnets Classful Subnetting 20 Classful IP Addressing In the early days of the Internet, IP addresses were allocated to organizations based on request rather than actual need. When an organization received an IP network address, that address was associated with a “Class”, A, B, or C. This is known as Classful IP Addressing The first octet of the address determined what class the network belonged to and which bits/


Training On Networking Concepts Topics Communication Terms OSI Reference Model and Layered Communication Ethernet networking TCP/IP IP Subnetting Networking.

ID identifies a specific device (host) within a segment and must be unique on a particular segment. Classes When the original IP routing scheme was developed, IP addresses were divided into five classes. IP addresses most commonly come as Class A, B, or C. Class D addresses are used for multicasting, and Class E addresses are reserved for experimental and future use. Please note that in the table, N = Network and H/


2 Chapter 21 IP Addressing and Related Topics A Guide to TCP/IP.

general network, if not on the same physical cable segment 2 Chapter 29 IP Address Classes Initially, these addresses were further subdivided into five classes, from Class A to Class E For the first three classes of addresses, divide the octets as follows to understand how they behave: Class Anh.h.h Class Bn.n h.h Class Cn.n.n h If more than one octet is part of the network/


1 26-Aug-15 Addressing the network using IPv4 Lecture # 2 Engr. Orland G. Basas Prepared by: Engr. Orland G. Basas IT Lecturer.

network of the computer The subnetwork mask sequentially fills in the 1s of the network portion. 1326-Aug-15 Class A IP Address Default Subnet Mask: 255.0.0.0 (/8) Default Subnet Mask Class B IP Address Default Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0 (/16) Class C IP Address Default Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0 (/24) 1426-Aug-15 Network Prefix How do we know how many/


Network+ Guide to Networks 5 th Edition Chapter 4 Introduction to TCP/IP Protocols.

.43.178 Network+ Guide to Networks, 5 th Edition24 IPv4 Addressing (cont’d.) IP address information –Network Class determined by first octet Class A, Class B, Class C Table 4-1 Commonly used TCP/IP classes Network+ Guide to Networks, 5 th Edition25 IPv4 Addressing (cont’d.) Class D, Class E rarely used (never assign) –Class D: value between 224 and 230 Multicasting –Class E: value between 240 and 254 Experimental use Eight bits/


J.Tiberghien - VUB12-06-K.Steenhaut & J.Tiberghien - VUB 1 Telecommunications Concepts Chapter 4.1 The Integration : TCP/IP.

Version 4 Internet Protocols –IP addressingIP headers –CIDR –ICMP The transport layer –The Transmission Control Protocol –The User Datagram Protocol Network Address Translation Version 6 Internet Protocol Side track : IP routing J.Tiberghien - VUB12-06-K.Steenhaut & J.Tiberghien - VUB 43 Classless InterDomain Routing Problems with class based addressing : –Too few Class B networks. –Class C networks too small Obvious solution : –Multiple Class C addresses for single network But… –All/


Chapter 6 IPv4 Addresses – Part 3 CIS 81 Networking Fundamentals Rick Graziani Cabrillo College Last Updated: 4/13/2008.

have 3 /26 subnets 16 /30 subnets Classful Subnetting 20 Classful IP Addressing In the early days of the Internet, IP addresses were allocated to organizations based on request rather than actual need. When an organization received an IP network address, that address was associated with a “Class”, A, B, or C. This is known as Classful IP Addressing The first octet of the address determined what class the network belonged to and which bits/


Networks I Chapter 15. Chapter Objectives Understand basic network terminology. Understand the basics of the TCP/IP protocol suite. Understand the basics.

in the range of 0 - 255 (8 bits). –An IPv4 address is therefore 32 bits (4 bytes * 8 bits/byte). There are five classes of IP Addresses in IPv4: –Class A, B, and C addresses are used for single host addressing. –Class D addresses are used for multicast connections. –Class E addresses are experimental. Network Protocols (TCP/IP) Internet Protocol (IPv4) Class A Networks - The first byte is in the range of 1/


Naming and Addressing An Engineering Approach to Computer Networking.

132.6.0.0. Example 7 Given the network address 17.0.0.0, find the class. Solution The class is A because the netid is only 1 byte. A network address is different from a netid. A network address has both netid and hostid, with 0s for the hostid. Note: Figure 19.18 Sample internet IP addresses are designed with two levels of hierarchy. Note: Figure/


+ IP Addressing Basics LAB 8. + Objective Name the five different classes of IP addresses Describe the characteristics and use of the different IP address.

9x/NT/2000/XP installed Access to the Windows Calculator + Step 1 Review IP address classes and their characteristics Address classes There are five classes of IP addresses, A through E. Only the first three classes are used commercially. A Class A network address is discussed in the table to get started. The first column is the class of IP address. The second column is the first octet, which must fall within the range/


Internetworking, or IP and Networking Basics. Outline  Origins of TCP/IP  OSI Stack  TCP/IP Architecture  IP Addressing  Large Network Issues  Routers.

don’t all need to be the same size  Old systems used more restrictive rules –New rules are “classless” –Old style used Class A, B, C networks Old-style classes of IP addresses  Different classes used to represent different sizes of network (small, medium, large)  Class A networks (large): – 8 bits network, 24 bits host (/8, 255.0.0.0) – First byte in range 0-127/


Introduction to the IP protocol and IP networks Martin Šrotýř

bits = 3B node address Special addresses there are two special classes of IP addresses: –Class D is used for the multicast (group transmission) Class D consists of 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255 addressClass E is reserved for future use Class E consists of 240.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 address Class E was not actually used for expansion (IP addresses in IPv6) addresses Class D and E are/


Ads by Google