) = 0 X z = X - S How much difference is there? Effect Size **Index** “d” describes the size of the difference between two distributions d = always a positive **number**! small effectsd =.20 medium effectsd =.50 large effectsd =.80 “huge”, “half the size of small”, “somewhat larger than”, “intermediate between” pooled Descriptive **statistics** report: Boxplot - minimum score - maximum score - lower quartile - upper quartile - median - mean/

that it may pull down potential GDP. Calculating Inflation The way government calculates inflation is by calculating a price **index** based on comparing the nominal prices for the same basket of goods on different years. In this calculation, one/that society is poorer than it otherwise would have been. Unemployment **statistics** are based on the **number** of people in the labor force – not the population. The Bureau of Labor **Statistics** calculates the unemployment rate for the United States based on interviews with/

structures, as well as the connections between microcosmic and macrocosmic aspects with descriptive indicators as the foundation and integrated **indexes** as the main elements. Correlation among various indicators must also be made clear so as to increase the information / By 2020, the GDP of Chongqing will have reached 2000 billion Yuan, and according to the **statistic** data concerning the population, the **number** of school students will climb up to 5,931,540 with per capita educational expenditure of school /

should responses be coded? But the experience of **statistical** agencies has shown –Marginal costs of coding to a larger **number** of categories are small –Error rate does not significantly/**number** of designations for different products, services and functions. Sometimes the keyword may be precise and in itself suffice as an **index** entry, such as “abattoir”. However, the keyword may also be very ambiguous, such as ‘advertising’. Caribbean Train the Trainers Seminar on UN Classifications for **Statistical**/

updating and query resolution Adapting ISCO-08 for use in national and regional settings 73 Developing and updating a coding **index** **Index** must be in place before the coding operations start Basis should be responses to similar questions in the last /105 At what level of the classification should responses be coded? But the experience of **statistical** agencies has shown –Marginal costs of coding to a larger **number** of categories are small –Error rate does not significantly increase and may improve for aggregate/

noted this during Congressional Testimony Firestorm: Newt Gingrich threatened to “zero out” the Bureau of Labor **Statistics** Lower inflation would reduce **indexation**: Social Security, income tax brackets, food stamps et al and reduce budget deficit 14 More claims /obvious substitutions for local staple, wine for beer, olive oil for butter, and so on Calculates “welfare ratios” = **numbers** of baskets can be bought with earnings “Great divergence”: Holland and Britain won the age of empire: higher wages /

the P/C 26 Auto Insurance Price **Index** vs. CPI, 1994–2014* *Seasonally adjusted, through March 2014 Sources: US Bureau of Labor **Statistics**; National Bureau of Economic Research (recession dates); Insurance Information Institute. **Index**: Jan 1994 = 100 Annual average / and total economic cost of convective events has rising tremendously over the past 30+ years (Bill. US$) **Number** of Acres Burned in Wildfires, 1980 – 2013 Source: National Interagency Fire Center 105 TX experienced significant wildfire losses/

optimization: To estimate the selectivity of predicates To estimate the cost of each execution plan To estimate the **number** of table rows To estimate CPU and I/O costs 8-4 Copyright © 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. Types of **Statistics** Object **statistics** –Table **statistics** –Column **statistics** –**Index** **statistics** System **statistics** –I/O performance and utilization –CPU performance and utilization 8-5 Copyright © 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved. Gathering/

(bias) can arise from frequent re-assessments and reduced precision over time can arise from new appraisals Recommendations and Guidelines – Other **statistical** methods for compiling constant quality indices: appraisal-based methods SPAR **INDEX** The main advantages – It is consistent with **index** **number** theory & straight forward to compute Being based on standard matched model methodology – Can benefit from many more observations than the repeat sales/

automatic coding Workshop on Challenges and Strategies in Improving Labour **Statistics** in Africa Bamako, Mali – 22 – 24 November 2010 43 Organization and structure of the **index** (2) A structured **index** does not include every possible response –Irrelevant words are omitted/recording the correct code In Computer assisted coding (CAC) the coder enters a small **number** of characters from key and qualifying words –Matching **index** entries are displayed and coder selects matching entry –Correct code is recorded by coder/

**Statistics**, Secondary **Index** Requirements **Index** Strategy **Statistics** Manager Secondary **Index** Manager 5. Calculate and Write **Statistics** 6. Add secondary **index** entries “Callbacks” 4.Forward IDs and encoding S TATISTICS : STRUCTURE **Statistics** infrastructure supports summary data. Currently, each row ID includes adapter ID and a **statistics** ID. Current **statistics**/ a range (latA, lonA) -> (latB, lonB) should map to the least **number** of ranges on the space filling curve. Haverkort and Walderveen[1] describe 3 metrics /

na.rm=TRUE) [1] 73.8 Day 1 - Section 1 25 Matrices and Arrays A matrix is a two dimensional array of **numbers**. Matrices can be used to perform **statistical** operations (linear algebra). However, they can also be used to hold tables. x<-1:12 x length(x) dim(x) dim(x/4 50 > MyDataFrame[[1]] [1] 31 32 40 50 What is the main difference between [[]] and []? Day 1 - Section 1 33 Conditional **indexing** **Indexing** can be conditional on another variable! pain<-c(0,3,2,2,1) sex<-as.factor(c("M","M","F","F","M")) age<-c(45,51/

as B+-tree) on attribute A of relation r, HT i = log fi (V(A,r)) . For a hash **index**, HT i is 1. LB i : **number** of lowest-level **index** blocks in i — i.e, the **number** of blocks at the leaf level of the **index**. For accurate **statistics**, the catalog information has to be updated every time a relation is modified. Many systems update/

unimodal, bell-shaped and symmetric. The tail on the distribution are “thicker” than the standard normal The distribution is **indexed** by “degrees of freedom” (df). The degrees of freedom measure the amount of information available in the data set/& group rows & columns. Principles of Table Construction If appropriate, frame table with summary **statistics** in rows & columns to provide a standard of comparison. Round **numbers** in table to one or two decimal places to make them easily understood. When creating /

. goods from total Customs value Special Provisions (cont.) Dual Reporting of Codes Report 10-digit **statistical** reporting **number** Chapter 1-97 Unit of quantity and value Followed by special provision Chapter 98 Special Provisions (cont/-Release/current_press_release/exh2as.pdf Downloadable Historical Data (2008-present) http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/**statistics**/state/destination_state/**index**.html State of Destination Data Additional import state data: USATrade Online Monthly data available for purchase/

last years as a result of expanding in the Building & Construction sector. This expansion caused inflation in rent rates, and hence affected the prices level in Qatar **Index** **Number** The **index** **number** is defined as a **statistical** indicator expresses the proportional change in value of specific phenomenon or group of phenomena compared to specific base. When the change is over the time the previous period/

1000 population (5) Periodical subscriptions per 1000 population... and 10 others See www.haplr-**index**.com See www.haplr-**index**.com Study Conducted at NCLIS 2006 research on HAPLR ratings methodology overseen by U.S. /earn higher **numbers** may Striving to earn higher **numbers** may compromise service quality compromise service quality Key Problems with Library **Statistics** Collection of standard **statistics** assumes all library resources/activities counted to be equivalent Collection of standard **statistics** assumes all/

900 times The probability histogram will follow the normal curve if the **number** ofobservations goes up. We call it ‘ Central Limit Theorem ’. Tossed limitlessly? 4. Central Limit Theorem **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **Statistics** & Econometrics **STATISTICS** 15/31 **INDEX** 5 The Normal Approximation The Scope of the Normal Approximation 6 7/

for the mean and standard deviation Obtain and explain measures of process capability Construct and interpret control charts for **number** of occurrences **Statistics** for Business and Economics, 6e © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. The Importance of Quality Primary focus is on/fact that the process is operating closer to one tolerance limit than the other The Cpk **index** is A satisfactory value is at least 1.33 **Statistics** for Business and Economics, 6e © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. Process Capability Example You are/

and Physician Part A teaching. Table For Hospitals With Various Fiscal Year Ends CALCULATION OF FFY 2013 WAGE **INDEX** EXAMPLE METROPOLIS METROPOLITAN **STATISTICAL** AREA (MSA) CMS Average Wages & Wage Inflation Inflated Hourly Hospital FYE Related Costs Factor Wages Hours/ data computes the average wage **index** actually paid within each CBSA or statewide rural area. Based on most recent CMS data on **number** of discharges, case mix **index** using the actual wage **indexes** (reclassified, unreclassified or rural floor/

trials Defining **statistical** evidence Testing for superiority vs. non-inferiority D. Gillen, FDA Repro, Jan 23-24 Outcome Measures: Pearl **Index** vs. Life Table Methods D. Gillen, FDA Repro, Jan 23-24 The Pearl **Index** The Pearl **Index** (**number** of /, Jan 23-24 Summary Need to define appropriate target population, comparison group, outcome measure, and maintain **statistical** criteria for evidence Pearl **Index** is (usually) implicitly dependent on the length of follow-up, whereas Kaplan-Meier (life table) estimates/

interpretation of results 6.Robustness Methodology “Corrected MPI”, Mazziotta M., Pareto A. (2013). A Non- compensatory Composite **Index** for Measuring Well-being over Time. Cogito. MultidisciplinaryResearch Journal, vol. V, n. 4 "Gdp and beyond" Equitable/ graphs and figures nevertheless served the purpose of empiricism”. (Godin, 2004) 93 The rhetoric of **numbers** Policy prescriptions based on shaking **statistical** evidence (New Economy) The “umbrella” concept, slogans, buzzwords, which shape new ways to arrange /

S. goods from total Customs value Special Provisions (cont.) Dual Reporting of Codes Report 10-digit **statistical** reporting **number** Chapter 1-97 Unit of quantity and value Followed by special provision Chapter 98 Special Provisions (cont/Press-Release/current_press_release/exh2as.pdf Downloadable Historical Data (2008-2011) http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/**statistics**/state/destination_state/**index**.html State of Destination Data Additional import state data: USATrade Online Monthly data available for purchase/

, type, Create date, modify date, **Number** of references (NumRef) (literal) plan reference (from QExec Stats) Caller reference (Functions only) Volumes Slides not used Performance Strategy Tables – support business logic – Normalization, uniqueness etc. SQL – clear SARG, Query optimizer interpretable – 1 Logic maps to X Execution plans **Indexes** – good cluster key choice – Good nonclustered **indexes**, no more than necessary **Statistics** – sample strategy & update frequency Compile parameter/

The proportion of the sample who agreed that cloths shopping is often frustrating is: Example:Consumer attitude towards shopping The **number** =.66 is a **statistic**. The corresponding parameter is the proportion (call it P) of all adult U.S. residents who would have said/then divide by the standard deviation, to turn x into a standard Normal z: Example:Annual rate of return on stock **indexes** Draw a picture to show the standard normal curve with the area of interest shaded. Use the table The proportion of /

1 minus the probability that it will satisfy none of the conditions Negation: (r). Estimated **number** of tuples: n r – size( (r)) **Statistical** Information for Examples f account = 20 (20 tuples of account fit in one block) V(branch-/ on account: A primary, B + -tree **index** for attribute branch-name A primary, B + -tree **index** for attribute branch-name A secondary, B + -tree **index** for attribute balance A secondary, B + -tree **index** for attribute balance Join Operation: Running Example depositor customer/

plan is generated, if one does not exist Recompiling Execution Plans Changes can cause execution plan to be inefficient or invalid For example, a large **number** of new rows added ALTER TABLE/VIEW UPDATE **STATISTICS** Dropping an **INDEX** that is used Explicit sp_recompile Setting a Cost Limit Specifying an Upper Limit (based on Estimated Costs) Use the query governor to prevent long-running/

the table are the **number** of estimated smokers. Geography Region Time Periods Unit of Observation Attributes Smokers Education Age Sex **Statistics** are about definitions! Definitions Sex Total Male Female Periods 1994-1995 1996-1997 **Statistics** are about definitions! Some/ us online by the Depository Services Program http://dsp-psd.communication.gc.ca/Collection/Statcan/**index**-e.html E-Stat **Statistics** Canada articles and **statistical** tables are provided. A wide range of time periods are covered Access to the/

in a join predicate or a WHERE clause Manually Creating **Statistics** Columns that are not **indexed** All columns other than the first column of a composite **index** Viewing **Statistics** The DBCC SHOW_STATISTICS Statement Returns **Statistical** Information in the Distribution Page for an **Index** or Column **Statistical** Information Includes: The time when the **statistics** were last updated The **number** of rows sampled to produce the histogram Density information Average key/

session, one might base it on the correlation of the length of the session with the **number** of CPU cycles utilized. **Statistical** methods Markov process model Under this model, the detector considers each different type of audit / of the clusters. The clustering quality criteria are used, combined with some characteristics of clusters: Silhouette **index** Davies-Bouldin **index** Dunn’s **index** Clusters’ diameters Clustering in anomaly detection Intra-cluster distance The measure of compactness of a cluster (complete/

ysk1out2: sk1out2.out and sk1out2.ind ysk1out3: sk1out3.out and sk1out3.ind ysk1out1.ind, sk1out2.ind, sk1out3.ind are the same **index** file produced by CODA in Samples of WinBUGS. Saved three times under three names to facilitate its use in BOA. zUsing of/more than 50% of the iterations have been discarded. y BOA reports the **number** of iterations that were kept, the **number** of iterations that were discarded, and the Cramer-von-Mises **statistic**. Failure of the chain to pass this test indicates that a longer run /

How do you decide it is one token? Intelligent Information Retrieval 18 Tokenization: **Numbers** 3/12/91 Mar. 12, 1991 55 B.C. B-52 100.2.86.144 – Often, don’t **index** as text. But often very useful: think about things like looking up error /corpus size: – What is the **number** of unique words appearing in a corpus of size N words? – This determines how the size of the inverted **index** will scale with the size of the corpus. 33 Intelligent Information Retrieval 34 **Statistical** Properties of Text Token occurrences in/

The proportion of the sample who agreed that cloths shopping is often frustrating is: Example:Consumer attitude towards shopping The **number** = .66 is a **statistic**. The corresponding parameter is the proportion (call it P) of all adult U.S. residents who would have said/then divide by the standard deviation, to turn x into a standard Normal z: Example:Annual rate of return on stock **indexes** Draw a picture to show the standard normal curve with the area of interest shaded. Use the table The proportion of /

freedom Residual deviance: 26.252 on 30 degrees of freedom AIC: 40.252 **Number** of Fisher Scoring iterations: 6 December 1, 2004EPP 245 **Statistical** Analysis of Laboratory Data 16 > drop1(glm(gvhd ~ rcpage+donage+type+preg+log(**index**), binomial),test="Chisq") Single term deletions Model: gvhd ~ rcpage + donage + type + preg + log(**index**) Df Deviance AIC LRT Pr(Chi) 26.252 40.252 rcpage 1/

tolerances. This is essentially a grade for the process where the higher **number** is better. C P and C PK **statistical** process **indexes** Chapter 812 The C p **Index** Example: suppose the Spec width=10 units and =5 units This implies/consumer’s risk) –Methods for calculating these two probabilities are given Chapter 8112 **Statistical** Tolerance The more realistic **statistical** approach is based on the relationship between the variances of a **number** of independent causes(A,B,C,…) and the variance of the overall result/

through a thin sample survey. - ‘as relevant’ option. Monthly Abstract of **Statistics** monthly production of selected minerals and industries consumption and stocks of selected raw materials and manufactured goods performance of railways, civil aviation, ports and shipping, postal and telecommunication tourist arrivals in India foreign trade quantum **index** **numbers** and unit value **index** **numbers** of imports and exports banking sector monthly accounts of central government/

= k = Critical Value(s): Test **Statistic**: Decision: Conclusion: No 1 st –order autocorrelation Positive 1st–order autocorrelation.05 10 1 240 d.881.32 d =.51 Reject at =.05 There is evidence of positive autocorrelation © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc Key Ideas Time Series Data Data generated by processes over time. © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc Key Ideas **Index** **Number** Measures the change in a/

of the enterprises classified in retail trade sector covered by Annual Industry and Services **Statistics**. Regional Seminar on Developing A Program for the Implementation of the 2008 SNA and Supporting **Statistics** 11-13 September 2013 / Ankara - Turkey Retail Sales Volume **Index** Sampling and full enumeration: The all enterprises with **number** employees of 50 or more were taken into account. The enterprises with employees 0/

the system. Some workers will always be above average, and some will be below. UCL proportion p LCL Subgroup **number** **Statistics** for Managers Using Microsoft Excel, 4e © 2004 Prentice-Hall, Inc. R chart and X chart Used for measured / deliveries per day. You know from prior analysis that the process is in control. Compute an appropriate capability **index** for the delivery process. **Statistics** for Managers Using Microsoft Excel, 4e © 2004 Prentice-Hall, Inc. Process Capability: Hotel Example Solution Since /

of .0235 is not **statistically** significantly different from zero (F = 0.1087, p = 0.742). **Index** End 251 Factor analysis Factor analysis is a form of exploratory multivariate analysis that is used to either reduce the **number** of variables in a model/ did not aid in the interpretation. Instead, it made the results even more difficult to interpret. **Index** End 259 Normal probability Many **statistical** methods require that the numeric variables we are working with have an approximate normal distribution. For example,/

each is 50, the IQV is 100%. The IQV increases as the **number** of cases in the modal category decreases. SW318 Social Work **Statistics** Slide 49 Picturing the **Index** of Qualitative Variation - 2 If the variable has three categories and the /becomes more evenly divided, the IQV increases, indicating greater dispersion. SW318 Social Work **Statistics** Slide 50 Picturing the **Index** of Qualitative Variation - 3 On this slide, we keep the **number** of cases in the modal category the same for all four charts, but change /

part of their construction contracts. Task 3: Review of Construction Industry Experience - Gather information on **indexing** and cost escalation from industry. Task 4: Assess Impacts - Compile a database and to perform **statistical** analysis to examine whether these clauses have a measurable effect on bid prices and the **number** of bids. Task 5: Technical Memorandum of Current Practices - Prepare technical memorandum, describing the results/

14.The system of price indices 15.Basic **index** **number** theory 16.Axiomatic and stochastic approaches 17.The economic approach, I 18.The economic approach, II 19.Price **index** using an artificial data set 20.Elementary indices 21.Quality changes and hedonics 22.Seasonal products 23.Durables and user costs Overview of the CPI Manual UNECE **Statistical** Division Slide 4July 2007 Calculation of the/

International Labour Office Bureau of **Statistics** 73 **Index** **numbers** Value in relation to a standard value (often =100) When are **index** **numbers** used –Summarize large quantities of qualitative information ID= ½ ∑ | Mi/M - Fi/F | –Indicate variations in time Wage **index** = (W t – W (t-1) )/W (t-1) Types –Simple **index** **number** Gender pay gap = (W m -W f)/Wm –Weighted **index** **number** Laspeyres price **index** = ∑ P i1 Q i0 / ∑ P/

Financial Stability 1/2003 Charts Chapter 1 Chart 1.1 **Number** of bankruptcies, employees and sales of bankrupt companies. **Index** 1) Turnover and employment in last normal operating year 2) Annualised figures based on Q1 2003 Source: **Statistics** Norway Employees 1) **Number** of bankruptcies Sales value 1) 2) Chart 1.2 Banks pre-tax operating profit/loss on ordinary activities as a percentage of ATA/

new scientific developments are the need for more in-depth information **Index** The **number** of studies (projects) is unlimited Studies are implemented at the Dpt of Medical **Statistics** of the Leiden University Medical Center (current version; the next / SLOT....... click on the item to be considered...... and specify a restriction for example: ‘equals 1’ **Index** Use of summary **statistics** (means etc.) in the tables Automatically treat ‘dates’ as ‘time-elapsed-since...’ Influence presentation of multiple/

; b)Events occur at a constant average rate; c)Events can be counted in whole **numbers** d)**Number** of events occurring in disjoint intervals are **statistically** independent. Poisson Distribution Model Illustration: Assume deaths from typhoid fever in a given population are/ 5. What is the approximate minimum and maximum BMI in the population? Min: _________ Max: __________ 29.4 ? ? ? Body Mass **Index** (BMI) µ Normal Distribution (Practice) Assume that BMI is normally distributed with µ = 29.4 and σ = 4.6 1. Put/

At constant price: output is derived by applying the quantity **index** (of the total **number** of registered commercial vehicles) to the benchmark; At current price: the CPI sub-**index** for transport is applied to the benchmark For both current/ economic surveys) makes it difficult to properly maintain regular economic series; Weak coordination of the National **Statistical** System, poor communication with stakeholders – sharing information problems especially from some sectors responsible for data collection for/

that the information content of MM features is not clear, they proposed expression **indexes** using only the PM features. Affymetrix – Quantifiying gene expression levels From **Statistical** Algorithms Reference Guide, Affymetrix, 2002: “When the mismatch intensity is lower than/ log (A/R) - log (B/R) Yang & Speed, NRG, 2002 Feasibility of Design III decreases as the **number** of conditions increases. With 6 samples, there are 15 pairwise comparisons. Kerr and Churchill proposed loop designs. No longer strongly /

can be a market sensitive **statistic**. Should be released at a set time of the day e.g. early in day before stock exchange opens. A set formula relating the publication date to the price reference date of the latest **index** **number** is recommended. E.g./ review process. Published under the logo of the **statistical** office. Dated and give the address of the **statistical** office and a telephone **number** for dealing with queries. At a minimum it should contain. The **index** level and annual percentage change for each of the/

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