Ppt on human nutrition and digestion ppt

TOPIC :---LIFE PROCESSES CLASS :--- 10th

aware about the contextual knowledge . SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES The student will be able to:-  explore various life processes;  explore modes of nutrition; explain digestion in human beings; know the structure and functioning of human respiratory system; describe the structure and functioning of human heart; explain structure and functioning of human excretory system. MOTIVATION Look at these images:- Flesh Eating Breathing Breathing Eating fruits Flesh Eating Breathing Breathing Urinating Presentation by/


Nutrition and Digestion Why do all living things need food? How do they get food? How do they break it down so it can enter their cell(s)? How does the.

Cells with flagella draw water through pores =food particles are filtered out Clams, oysters, mussels Human nutrition Complex molecules – require digestion Proteins Fats carbohydrates Simple nutrients Vitamins Minerals Water Human nutrition & digestion Old version New version Human nutrition Do water, vitamins and minerals need to be digested? Why not? Human Digestive System Mouth– physical and chemical digestion Teeth grind food into smaller pieces to increase surface area 3 pairs of Salivary glands/


J eff B oris W ellness S olutions © www.jeffboriiswellness.com HOLISTIC FITNESS & NUTRITION WORKSHOP DAY HOLISTIC FITNESS & NUTRITION WORKSHOP DAY Total.

schizandra, etc.) 4. SUPER NUTRIENTS - Trace Minerals, Probiotics, Digestive Enzymes, EFA’s + Omega 7 5. CRON & MODIFIED “LIFESTYLE-BASED” NUTRITIONAL CLEANSING - Supporting the body’s natural detox processes through nutrition and exercise - Nutrigenomics; Cellular Cleansing, Replenishing & Regeneration J eff / S olutions © www.jeffboriiswellness.com TO SUPPLEMENT, OR NOT TO SUPPLEMENT? 1. Human beings should get their nutrition from food. 2. But food no longer contains enough of all the essential nutrients/


UNIT XII – ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY II Reproductive, Nervous, Digestive, Muscular Systems Big Campbell – Ch. 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 Baby Campbell – Ch 21, 27,

increase in growing follicle, at a critical concentration, estrogen concentration switches to positive feedback mechanism. FSH and LH production increase, especially LH Causes release of follicle V. MENSTRUAL REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE, cont Luteal /cont Human Brain Forebrain Cerebrum Cerebral Cortex Corpus Callosum Thalamus Hypothalamus Midbrain – Receives & transmits sensory info to forebrain Hindbrain Cerebellum Pons Medulla oblongata V. VERTEBRATE CNS, cont ANIMAL NUTRITION & DIGESTION I. NUTRITION /


Making Inferences Using Word Cards: Changing Order, Grouping, and Spaced Learning Understanding Words that Signal Cause and Effect 15 A Blossom Lunch.

thinks it was because they ate raw food. Those early human ancestors needed big teeth and jaws to chew all that raw food. They also needed large stomachs and intestines 3 to digest it. And eating and digestion used up so much energy that there wasn’t enough / distinct jaw profound stem approach enable lead to scent stroke coat enhance mate shift terrace devote oneself to flame nutritional slide thrill digest gather pityingly stay put 241 Back to Exercise A 241 1.Because of a shift in wind direction, the/


Nutrition Autotrophs plants, some protists & bacteria producers.

Nutrition Classify based on what they eat: Herbivores (primary consumers) eat autotrophs Carnivores (secondary or higher consumers) eat heterotrophs Omnivores eat both Stages of Food Processing Ingestion eating Digestion breaking down food into small molecules mechanical and/Chief cell Parietal Mucous Esophagus Stomach Duodenum Human Digestive System Small Intestine Longest part of the canal (6 m in humans) Duodenum (first 25 cm) – most digestion takes place Jejunum and ileum – mainly absorption Very large /


© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint ® Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential.

Elimination Feces formed in large intestine Elimination from anus Figure 22.UN04 Mouth (oral cavity) Digestion Absorption Chemical Mechanical Alimentary canal Accessory organs Pharynx and esophagus Stomach Small intestine Large intestine Anus Salivary glands Liver, gallbladder, pancreas Chewing Churning Salivary amylase Acid and pepsin (in gastric juice) Other enzymes Nutrients and water Water HUMAN NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS Proper nutrition provides –fuel for cellular work, –materials for building molecules/


Nutrition How the body converts food into nutrients and waste Excretion / AP Biology – F Period – May 1, 2011 Mary Boci, Stephanie Lai, Diana Nguyen.

Human Digestive System The Digestive System is important in absorbing external nutrients into the body. Digestion is the process of breaking down large molecules of food into smaller molecules that can be utilized by the body. The food is broken down by catalysts and digestive juices in the digestive tract and its organs. The Digestive/Trypsin... pancreas C. Nucleases... pancreas D. Amylase... salivary glands E. -Bile... liver Nutrition Quiz [cont’d] … 9. Stomach acidity is caused by which of the following /


Nutrition ANSC 2. Warm Up Food Labels: Grab a bag of Animal Food from the lab. Please remember where you got this from! Answer the following: – Who is.

– Cuttlebone, Calcium, and Grit Dogs – Protein and Carbs Cats – Taurine: Helps digest fat-soluble vitamins Guinea Pigs – Vitamin C: general health aide Large Animal Nutrition Ruminant – Roughage and fiber, Vitamins A and E required – Sheep- must have a 2:1 ratio of Calcium to Phosphorus Also required for lactation and growth in cattle Non Ruminant - Humans: What type of nutrition do we require? Animals who feed mostly on grass/


Talk Five: Digestion and Nutrition Chapter 11 Human Biology (BIOL 104)

-Hill Companies; used with permission The Accessory Organs The pancreas: An organ which secretes both digestive enzymes (exocrine) and hormones (endocrine) Pancreatic juice digests all major nutrient types. Exocrine pancreas produces NaHCO 3, amylase (starch), trypsin (protein) and lipase (fat). Endocrine pancreas produces insulin and glucagon. Copyright ©The McGraw-Hill Companies; used with permission Human Nutrition The provision to obtain the essential nutrients necessary to support life/


Digestion and Nutrition Chapter 40. Impacts, Issues Hormones and Hunger  Fat cells secrete leptin, which reduces appetite; an empty stomach secretes.

monoglycerides C emulsification droplets + bile salts + Dmicelles E B triglycerides + proteins F lipoproteins Stepped Art Digestion and Absorption in the Small Intestine 40.6 The Large Intestine  The large intestine is wider than the /and dead red blood cells, and stores iron Stores some vitamins Liver Function 40.8 Human Nutritional Requirements  Eating provides your cells with a source of energy and a supply of essential building materials  Nutritional guidelines based on age, sex, height, weight, and/


Aquatic Animal Nutrition FAS 2240C Lecture 1: Introduction Aquatic Animal Nutrition FAS 2240C Lecture 1: Introduction.

Study of aquatic animal nutrition: bioenergetics digestion/digestive anatomy/metabolism nutrient classes/sources/requirements formulation/feedstuffs manufacturing processes practical pond feed management Syllabus Animals covered: variety of finfish and crustacean species textbook: none are current or adequate also, various reprints of peer review journal articles on reserve: De Silva, S.S., and T.A. Anderson, 1995. Fish nutrition in aquaculture Lovell, T., 1989. Nutrition and feeding of fish/


Nutrition for Rural Health Mukesh Vats. Topics covered IntroductionIntroduction Food, nutrition and relation with healthFood, nutrition and relation with.

of human resources. The nutrition in rural context is also important from the point of view that the entire sources of nutrition come from rural areas and the rural people are most deficient in the nutritional status.The nutrition in /further classified as available or non available. The human digestive system can not digest all types of carbohydrates therefore some are classified as non available i.e. fibres.The human digestive system can not digest all types of carbohydrates therefore some are classified/


Copyright © 2010 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Chapter 12 Small Animal Nutrition.

Can only give an indication of nutrient content and availability of a particular nutrient  Nutritional value  Based on the absorptive capability of a nutrient  Based on availability  Digestibility of a food  A measure of biological / in nutritional demands  Diseases occur frequently in psittacine and passerine bird species, due to diverse nutrimental requirements  Feeding and nutritional disorders can result from all-seed diets and diets supplemented with fruits, vegetables, and other human foods /


UNIT XII – ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY II Digestive, Reproductive, Nervous, Muscular Systems Big Campbell – Ch. 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 Baby Campbell – Ch 21, 27,

– Ch 21, 27, 28, 30 Hillis – Ch 32, 33, 34, 36, 39 ANIMAL NUTRITION & DIGESTION I. NUTRITION Undernourishment  Caloric deficiency Overnourishment  Excessive food intake  Obesity Malnourishment  Essential nutrient deficiency Macronutrients  Essential/REPRODUCTION – MALE, cont Human Sperm III. REPRODUCTION – FEMALE HUMAN ANATOMY Ovaries  Follicle – Egg capsule; nourishes and protects egg  Egg released during ovulation  Corpus luteum – Secretes estrogen and progesterone to maintain uterine lining/


© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Lectures by Edward J. Zalisko PowerPoint ® Lectures for Campbell Essential Biology, Fifth Edition, and Campbell Essential.

intestine Large intestine Stomach Mouth Anus Food Feces Digestion Mechanical digestion Chewing in mouth Churning in stomach Ingestion Food into mouth Chemical digestion Saliva in mouth Acid and pepsin in stomach Enzymes in small intestine Absorption Nutrients and water in small intestine Water in large intestine Elimination Feces formed in large intestine Elimination from anus HUMAN NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS Proper nutrition provides –fuel for cellular work, –materials for building/


Animal Nutrition Chapter 41. Nutrition  Intake of food from external environment  A balanced diet provides fuel for cellular work and the materials.

Na +, K + and Cl - needed for osmotic balance and transport Minerals Types of Nutrition –Herbivores (gorillas, cows, hares)  eat mainly autotrophs (plants, algae) –Carnivores (sharks, hawks, spiders, and snakes)  eat other animals –Omnivores (humans)  consume animal and plant or algal /they consume  Cellulose (plant cell walls) is indigestible and becomes roughage of feces  Digestion is a very energetically and chemically efficient process Hormones and Digestion  The sight, smell, or taste of food causes /


Animal nutrition Biology 2: Form and Function. Types of nutritional system Heterotrophs must obtain energy sources externally –Fungi digest via external.

by exophagocytosis Amoebocytes digest and transport food to rest of sponge Nutrition in GVC animals One entry/exit to chamber Convoluted edge/lobes to maximize surface area Specialized cells in gastrodermis secrete digestive enzymes into sealed /presence of HCl (mixing aided by churning of stomach). Mixture called Acid Chyme –Pepsin and acidic action of HCl hydrolyse peptide bonds Human digestion 3 Human digestion 4 –Acid chyme released into lower intestine via pyloric sphincter into lower (small) intestine /


The Digestive System BY: MARIEGRACE GANUT. Digestive Tracts Not all animals have a digestive tract - Ex. Sponges & protozoa; digestion occurs in food.

of digested food in the intestine Remember the diffusion and osmosis lab? Dialysis tubing made from cellulose has pores in it that allow water and small molecules & ions to pass through freely, but not large molecules. Like how starch, proteins, nucleic acids, & fats are all enzymatically broken down in the small intestine QUIZ Next class No notes Know your diagrams Know your definitions Human Nutrition/


Adaptations for Nutrition BY2 Biology Nutrition  The process organisms use to get  energy to maintain life functions and  matter to build and maintain.

compounds in the body  Egestion  undigested extracellular material passes out of digestive system (ex: cellulose in humans) intracellular digestion extracellular digestion Types of Heterotrophic Nutrition  Holozoic feeders:  Take food into their bodies and break is down during digestion  Have specialised organs in a digestive system (gut)  After digestion, the nutrients are absorbed into the body  Saprophytes (saprobionts):  Fungi and some bacteria  Feed on dead or decaying matter  No specialised/


Carbohydrates in Exercise and Recovery Advanced Level.

Chains of fructose units sometimes terminated with glucose  Glucose polymers/maltodextrins – Most are rapidly digestible; some are resistant to digestion 11 Carbohydrates. In: Gropper SS, et al. Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism. 4th Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.; 2005: pp 63-106. Digestible Polysaccharides  Plant starches (digestion via salivary and pancreatic amylases) – Amylopectin Chains of alpha-1,4 linked glucose with alpha-1,6 branch points (renders/


Nutrition in Animals. Learning Objectives for Nutrition in Animals Basic Biological Molecules Chemical Digestion The Human Alimentary Canal Absorption.

Fats Fats/Lipids Glycerol Fatty Acids e.g. adipose tissues, phospholipids Basic Biological Molecules Chemical Digestion The Human Alimentary Canal Absorption & Assimilation Learning Objectives for Nutrition in Animals Lesson Objectives Parts of the Human Alimentary Canal Functions of the Human Alimentary Canal Peristalsis The Human Alimentary Canal Nutrition in Human Human Alimentary Canal Processes and Functions Ingestion – the process of taking in food into the alimentary canal through the mouth/


Digestive and Excretory Systems The surface of your small intestine is covered with microvilli such as these (magnification: 100×)

basis of their proportion of nutrients to Calories When you choose a food, it should be high in nutrition and low in Calories The Process of Digestion Food presents every chordate with at least two challenges The first is how to obtain it Once a / master chemists of the blood supply If anything goes wrong with the kidneys, serious medical problems soon follow Fortunately, humans have two kidneys and can survive with only one If both kidneys are damaged by disease or injury, however, there are only two /


EOC REVIEW QUESTIONS Biology. 1.An abiotic factor affecting the behavior and survival of such organisms as robins and violets is the A.population of rabbits.

simple materials chemically combined to form more complex materials? A.synthesis B.pinocytosis C.hydrolysis D.cyclosis 70.Humans breathe more rapidly during exercise than before it because during exercise the blood contains A.an increased level of/ glucose from the digestive tract to muscle cells is most directly a result of A.ingestion and digestion B.absorption and circulation C.anaerobic respiration D.protein synthesis 123.Which gas is excreted as a waste product of autotrophic nutrition in maple trees?/


CAMPBELL BIOLOGY IN FOCUS © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Urry Cain Wasserman Minorsky Jackson Reece Lecture Presentations by Kathleen Fitzpatrick and Nicole.

excessive iron intake  Insights into human nutrition have come from epidemiology, the study of human health and disease in populations  Neural tube defects were found to be the result of a deficiency in folic acid in pregnant mothers © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Describe the four stages of nutrition: 1. 2. 3. 4. © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 33.4 Mechanical digestion Nutrient molecules enter body cells/


Nutrition Facts!.  Ancient Greece:  around 475 BC: Anaxagoras states that food is absorbed by the human body and therefore contained "homeomerics" (generative.

given on food labels are not determined this way, because it overestimates the amount of energy that the human digestive system can extract, by also burning dietary fiber. Nutrition Facts!  Instead, standardized chemical tests and an analysis of the recipe are used to estimate the products digestible constitutents (protein, carbohydrate, fat, etc.). These results are then converted into an equivalent energy value based on the/


The Digestive System BY: MARIEGRACE GANUT. Digestive Tracts Not all animals have a digestive tract - Ex. Sponges & protozoa; digestion occurs in food.

pores in it that allow water and small molecules & ions to pass through freely, but not large molecules. Like how starch, proteins, nucleic acids, & fats are all enzymatically broken down in the small intestine. Chyme entering the small intestine contains partially digested carbs, proteins, & lipids. QUIZ Next class No notes Know your diagrams Know your definitions Human Nutrition Nutrients – chemical substances in food that/


Nutrition and digestion 1. 2 Nutrition -Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids -Essential nutrients amino acids fatty acids minerals vitamins -The enough.

Nutrition and digestion 1 2 Nutrition -Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids -Essential nutrients amino acids fatty acids minerals vitamins -The enough but not too much principle Learning Objectives I Know the characteristics of the primary types of macronutrients: Carbohydrates, protein, and lipids. Be able to identify if a nutrient is dispensable or indispensable/essential. Know the characteristics of vitamins and minerals and their nutritional importance. Most animals are heterotrophs (or chemoheterotrophs/


Nutrition (H) B1: Humans as Organisms. Nutrition The digestive system digests (breaks down) food and absorbs the products of digestion into the blood.

of the enzymes. Glucose molecules Amino acids Absorption is the transfer of the products of digestion into the bloodstream (or lymphatic system). Fatty Acids and Glycerol Fats Starch Protein digestion absorption Blood plasma Lymph Nutrition Below is a partly labelled diagram of the human digestive system present in the abdominal cavity. The digestive system includes the gullet (oesophagus), the stomach, the liver, the pancreas, the small intestine/


Attila J. Kun CCHt., N.DhS. Rain International Executive, Founding Partner 20 years Clinical Hypnotherapy, 9 years Brain and Nutrition Studies, 7 years.

have the luxury of being wrong for decades are those in the medical and nutritional fields, because their mistakes take decades to manifest. This is because the human body is such incredibly well made machine. How come that we are exercising/Salt is the #1 extracellular nutrient. Stomach acid requires chloride from the salt. Salt restriction is a root cause of digestive issues. There is NO SCIENTIFIC evidence that avoiding salt would ever prevent hypertension or cardiovascular disease. THESE FACTS ARE KNOWN/


BIOCHEMISTRY AND ITS ROLE IN DISEASE DIAGNOSIS Dr. A. K. Dwivedi.

. 4. Imino acids - contains imino group but no amino group: proline, hydroxyproline. C. Digestion and absorption of proteins. Digestion of proteins in the stomach pepsin is the most important proteolytic enzyme of gastric juiceOptimum pH for the activite of /effects due to toxic doses of biotin. This may provide evidence that both animals and humans may tolerate doses of at least an order of magnitude greater than each of their nutritional requirements. Vitamin B12 "B12" redirects here. For other uses, see B12 /


Chapter 37 DIGESTION AND NUTRITION. Why must certain organisms consume food? To obtain energy & raw materials required for growth, repair, and maintenance.

digestive tract. B. Human Digestive System Consists of gastrointestinal tract (mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine & large intestine) and accessory structures (salivary glands, pancreas, liver & gall bladder). 1. Mouth Site of: F ingestion F mechanical breakdown (teeth) F digestion / colon function? Fats (3-6 hours) Proteins (  3 hrs) Carbs (1-2 hrs) C. Human Nutrition Nutrients are chemical substances in food that are required for growth, maintenance & repair. F Essential nutrients - must/


Human Nutrition. Essential Questions What life process? How do human carry out this life process? What happens to the foods we eat? How do nutrients get.

Human Nutrition Essential Questions What life process? How do human carry out this life process? What happens to the foods we eat? How do nutrients get into our blood stream? What is nutrition??? Organisms obtain preformed organic compounds from environment (ingestion, digestion, and egestion)ingestion, “You are what you eat!” Your body grows rapidly, the food you eat provides the material your body needs to build cells/


3.3.3 Nutrition in the Human. Need to know The definition of Autotroph, heterotroph, herbivore, carnivore, omnivore and examples of each Know the definition.

Digestion definition The physical and chemical breakdown of food into soluble particles small enough to pass into body cells Need for Digestion To breakdown large food particles until they are small enough to pass into body cells Need for a Digestive System Food can be digested in a single location Individual cells do not have to contain a full range of digestive enzymes Stages in Human Nutrition Ingestion Digestion/


Carbohydrates in Exercise and Recovery

B. Pre-competition meals C. Carbohydrates during competition Definitions, Digestion, Absorption, and Storage I. Carbohydrates: Definitions, Digestion, Absorption, and Storage Carbohydrates in Sports Nutrition Carbohydrates (CHOs) are a major fuel source for exercising /5 (9%) Abbreviations: CHO, carbohydrate; pkt, packet. 1. Clark N. Sports Nutrition Guidebook. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1989. Carbohydrates During Competition Consuming carbohydrate is neither practical nor necessary during exercise /


Nutrition Module Notes Pediatric I – Second Year Rebecca Abiog-Castro, M.D. Rhodora Garcia de Leon, M.D Faculty of Medicine & Surgery, UST.

iron away from bacteria Macrophages: phagocytosis of infective bacteria B12 binding protein: removes B12 from bacteria Antiviral Factors in Human Milk Shown, in vitro, to be active against: Effect of Heat Secretory IgA Poliovirus types 1, 2, / (breastmilk / standard infant formula) is NO longer adequate to sustain the nutritional needs of growing infants   Transitional Period (6-10 mos) Digestive, renal systems and taste are well developed; Skills needed for feeding are likewise fully developed. Transitional/


Nutrition and Digestion

Nutrition and Digestion Chapter 34 Nutrients Nutrients - substances obtained from the environment that organisms need for growth and survival Six major categories Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Minerals Vitamins Water Energy Most energy is provided by carbohydrates and fats Cells rely on a supply of energy to maintain their activities Nutrients that supply energy are lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins Broken down by digestion to their subunits, which are used during/


Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion

Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion Key Concepts: Animals are heterotrophic! Nutritional needs – what animals get from food Food processing The human digestive system Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? Why??? Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? Why??? Animals are always consumers Only /


CHAPTER 21 Nutrition & Digestion.

CHAPTER 21 Nutrition & Digestion Ingestion of Food Omnivore – ingests both plant & animals (humans) Herbivore – ingests only plants (cattle, deer, many aquatic species) Carnivore – ingests animals (lions, sharks/gallbladder stores bile until it is needed LIVER Parts of the Small Intestine DUODENUM -1st 25 cm -Where acid chyme mixes w/bile and digestive enzymes -Follow along w/ Table on p. 438 Carbohydrate Enzymes Pancreatic amylase – hydrolyzes starch into a disaccharide Different disaccharidases – are /


Nourishing the Center Spleen & Stomach

call the 5 tastes or flavors, the “wei”. Spleen and Stomach make up the middle heater, represent, the junction of Heaven and Earth in humans and command the movements of raising and lowering. The spleen is the zang (those organs that / Gastroenterologist for this procedure. Nutritional Deficiencies and Inflamed Stomach Mucosa Gastrex: one every hour for acute. Okra Pepsin E3, acute gastritis, take 1 capsule every 30 minutes AC Carbamide for inflammation anywhere along the digestive tract. “While Carbamide is/


NUTRITION. WHAT IS NUTRITION? – MAYBE THIS SHORT VIDEO CAN HELPVIDEO – DEFINITION THE PROCESS BY WHICH ORGANISMS GET FOOD AND BREAK IT DOWN SO IT CAN.

MAJOR STRUCTURES: – MOUTH – ESOPHAGUS – SALIVARY GLANDS – CROP – GIZZARD – GASTRIC CECAE – STOMACH – INTESTINE – RECTUM – ANUS NUTRITION GRASSHOPPER NUTRITION – WHERE DOES INGESTION, DIGESTION, ABSORPTION AND EGESTION TAKE PLACE? – WHERE DOES MECHANICAL DIGESTION TAKE PLACE? – WHERE DOES CHEMICAL DIGESTION TAKE PLACE? NUTRITION OUR NEXT REPRESENTATIVE ORGANISM JUST A REMINDER NUTRITION HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM – MAJOR STRUCTURES MOUTH SALIVARY GLANDS PHARYNX EPIGLOTTIS ESOPHAGUS STOMACH SMALL INTESTINE LARGE/


Infant Nutrition I - Breastfeeding

approximately 50% of the caloric content of human milk Lipids are contained in milk fat globules, absorption and digestion are ideal Contains fatty acids not found in cow milk Infant Nutrition Breastfeeding Composition of Human Milk – Carbohydrates Lactose is the major carbohydrate in human milk Hydrolyzed in the small intestine into glucose and galactose by lactase Infant Nutrition Breastfeeding Composition of Human Milk – Carbohydrates Some lactose enters the distal/


1 Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion. 2 Key Concepts: Animals are heterotrophic! Nutritional needs – what animals get from food Food processing.

1 Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion 2 Key Concepts: Animals are heterotrophic! Nutritional needs – what animals get from food Food processing The human digestive system 3 Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? Why??? 4 Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? The flower!!! Why??? Butterflies pollinate while drinking nectar; frugivores eat fruits and distribute seeds! 5 Animals are/


Chapter 21 Nutrition & Digestion

Chapter 21 Nutrition & Digestion Overview: Obtaining and processing food Human Digestive System Diets Nutrition Getting Their Fill of Krill Animals obtain and process nutrients in a variety of ways Humpback whales eat small fishes and crustaceans called krill This painting shows how the whales corral their food using “bubble nets” Humpback whales strain their food from seawater using large, brushlike plates called baleen When they /


Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion

Lecture #9 – Animal Nutrition and Digestion Key Concepts: Animals are heterotrophic! Nutritional needs – what animals get from food Food processing The human digestive system Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? Why??? Critical Thinking Is this animal approaching the fruit or the flower??? The flower!!! Why??? Butterflies pollinate while drinking nectar; frugivores eat fruits and distribute seeds! Animals are always consumers Only photosynthesis can/


Normal Function of Lower GI Tract

such as Psyllium, Calcium polycarbophil, or Methylcellulose. Avoid stool retention and initiate bowel retraining program if required ADA Nutrition Care Manual nutritioncaremanual.org Fiber, roughage, and residue Fiber or roughage From plant foods Not digestible by human enzymes Residue Fecal contents, including bacteria and the net remains after ingestion of food, secretions into the GI tract, and absorption High-Fiber Diets Most Americans = 10 – 15 g/day/


First Five Describe the differences between: digestion and absorption

school until 5:30 p.m. Human Digestion Nutrition Definition: Taking in, absorbing and assimilating nutrients for energy, growth, and tissue repair Types of Nutrients Micronutrients- vitamins, minerals, & water Macronutrients- proteins, lipids, carbohydrates Four Parts of Nutrition Ingestion Digestion Absorption Egestion Four Parts of Nutrition Ingestion taking substances into the body through the mouth Digestion Absorption Egestion Four Parts of Nutrition Ingestion Digestion break-down of large, insoluble/


Sports Nutrition for Peak Performance.

for Peak Performance We have been discussing basic concepts of nutrition: - Food choices and nutritional guidelines - Digestion - Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins - Energy balance and body composition - Vitamins - Water and mineral balance We have been discussing basic concepts of nutrition: - Food choices and nutritional guidelines - Digestion - Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins - Energy balance and body composition - Vitamins - Water and mineral balance For the rest of this course, we will discuss/


 Manage food service systems, assess patients’ and residents nutritional needs, plan menus, teach others proper nutrition and special diets, research.

weight - overweight - obese  Only a dietitian can be licensed to provide nutrition care including: assessment, goal setting, counseling, or advice. If you have a Masters or above in human nutrition, food and nutrition, dietetics, food systems management, or nutrition education, or a doctorate in nutritional biochemistry you are exempt from the existing law and may provide nutrition services but may not be licensed. If you are licensed to practice/


Chapter 3 The Human Body a Nutrition perspective.

Chapter 3 The Human Body a Nutrition perspective OUTLINE Exchange of Nutrients – using the Body’s Systems How is the Body Organized The Digestive System/ Nutrient Absorption Nutrition/digestion related Diseases and Ailments Body Organization Cells form Tissues Cells form Tissues Tissues form Organs Tissues form Organs Organs form Systems (e.g., digestive) Organs form Systems (e.g., digestive) 1. Start Cell Processes Constant turnover of substances Constant turnover/


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