Ppt on history of australia penal colony

Modul 4 The Brief History Of Australia. I. Pre Colonization II. Discovery and Exploration III. British Colonization IV. Convict Settlement V. Social and.

to murdering  First fleet to the Transportation  Led by Arthur Philip in “Supply”  1475 passengers consisted of  211 marines  548 male convicts  188 female convicts  Voyage  May 1787 to 26 Jan 1788 (± 8 months)  Reasons for Penal Colony in Australia  Britain’s prisons were overflowing  American independence prevented further transportation  The British elite people wanted to eliminate criminals in London IV.Convict Settlement (1788/


UNIT 2B – Government, History, and Culture in Canada and Australia.

1642 when he landed on the island of Tasmania. Additional European explorers visited in the South Pacific region from the 1500s through the 1800s. In the late 1700s, Captain James Cook claimed eastern Australia for Britain. History II Abel TasmanCaptain Cook History III At that time, the prisons in Britain were overcrowded; thus, Australia was established as a penal colony where convicts could serve their sentences. By/


THE PACIFIC REGION CULTURES AND HISTORY. KEY TERMS MAORI: a native of New Zealand whose ancestors first traveled from Asia to Polynesia and later to New.

THE PACIFIC REGION CULTURES AND HISTORY KEY TERMS MAORI: a native of New Zealand whose ancestors first traveled from Asia to Polynesia and later to New Zealand. ABORIGINE: a member of the earliest people of Australia, who probably came from Asia. Penal Colony: a place where people convicted of crimes are sent. STATION: In Australia, a large ranch for raising livestock. EASTER ISLANDS Hundreds of giant stone statues on the Easter/


INSTRUCTIONS 1) Choose a category 2) Correctly answer questions/statements 3) If your wrong you loose the amount of money you were playing for 4) Whoever.

other countries and their seemed to be few native people. From 1788 to 1823, the colony of New South Wales was officially a penal colony. History $800  Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia in terms of diseases and weapons on the indigenous peoples of Australia. Answer  European settlers had an immediate impact on Aboriginal life. They took over the land and resources. The most damaging things were diseases such/


NSW and Commonwealth Legal and Constitutional History Topic 9.

NSW and Commonwealth Legal and Constitutional History Topic 9 Control could be claimed either:  by conquest;  by cession (that is when one country ceded its sovereignty to /inhabitants or settled law, at the time when it was peacefully annexed to the British dominions. The Colony of New South Wales belongs to the latter class.” ( Lord Watson ) Two questions:  given Australia’s early status as a penal colony, when did English law apply?  Settled by legislation: The Australian Courts Act 1828  what was/


Nationalism and the creation of the new Federation and the resultant social legislation.

) agreed to a common policy restricting Chinese immigration. Australia celebrated 100 years of white settlement (except the non-penal colony of South Australia) The Australian Natives Association promoted the use of patriotic symbols such as an Australian coat of arms, wattle blossom as a national emblem and Foundation Day, first celebrated on 26 January in this centenary year of 1888. The colonies agreed to celebrate this annually as a national/


NSW and Commonwealth Legal and Constitutional History Topic 9.

NSW and Commonwealth Legal and Constitutional History Topic 9 Control could be claimed either:  by conquest;  by cession (that is when one country ceded its sovereignty to /inhabitants or settled law, at the time when it was peacefully annexed to the British dominions. The Colony of New South Wales belongs to the latter class.” ( Lord Watson ) Two questions:  given Australia’s early status as a penal colony, when did English law apply?  Settled by legislation: The Australian Courts Act 1828  what was/


Southeast Asia, Oceania, and Australia Coach Martinez.

be suitable for human life again Southeast Asia Human geography A long history of Diversity  Early History  China and India influenced ancient southeast Asia  China ruled Vietnam/Australia as a penal colony (a place to send prisoners)  Sydney is located on a deep, beautiful harbor that allows for a port and also provides an arena for sailing and swimming  Mild climate  Diverse population History: Distant European Outposts  The original inhabitants  Australia  Aboriginal people migrated to Australia/


Year 9 History Movement of Peoples Readings. Year 9 Hist- Movement of Peoples 1: Pull factors – North America (15 mins) Read and do the following activities.

in a new and sometimes hostile environment. The hardships of Industrial Revolution Britain created crime and a constant supply of convicts for transportation to Australia. It also created a large number of potential migrants. Hardship pushed people to look to the world beyond for the opportunity to build a better way of life. The government of the penal colony encouraged free settlers to make the long journey halfway/


The Experience of Scots abroad, 1830 – 1939 What impact did Scots have on the ‘New World’?

. The Indian Penal Code inspired counterparts in most other British colonies, and to date many of these laws are/of the most influential Scots in American history. He became the first US Secretary of the Treasury. Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, was the grandson of a Scottish Presbyterian minister. His term of office was an exemplary one, fighting for the cause of/’ - Speedos. Activity – Scots in Australia A mixture of Scots left for Australia, Based on this information and what we/


Asia The Richs of the East. BASIC 11 VOCABULARY Balance of trade – when a nation sells the same number of goods that it buys from other nations Trade.

of Taiwan Russo-Japanese War (1904)  Fought over Korea and Manchuria  Japan destroys Russian fleets  Japan annexes (claims) Korea and controls Manchuria Korea: the Japanese Colony  Japan outlaws public protest (violently) and press  Schools were taught in Japanese  No Korean history/ the US  Thousands of Americans and hundreds of thousands of Filipinos died Australia  Britain sets up a Penal (prison) colony in Australia.  Great place to dump extra population.  Australia was granted self-rule /


Year 9 History Movement of Peoples Readings. Year 9 Hist- Movement of Peoples 1: Pull factors – North America 1.Write down the heading. ________________________________________________.

in a new and sometimes hostile environment. The hardships of Industrial Revolution Britain created crime and a constant supply of convicts for transportation to Australia. It also created a large number of potential migrants. Hardship pushed people to look to the world beyond for the opportunity to build a better way of life. The government of the penal colony encouraged free settlers to make the long journey halfway/


PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW Mr. Benjamin A. Cabrido Jr. Professor, USJ-R College of Law.

colonies and dependencies are treated as international persons. Example: India when still colony of Great Britain was allowed membership in the League of Nations and signed as charter member of the UN. The Philippines also while still colony of the US. Colony – a dependent political community consisting of a number of citizens of/ and examination of witnesses on his or her behalf. Victim Participation & Reparation A novel innovation since for the first time in the history of international criminal justice/


RELIGION IN AUSTRALIA PRE 1945

Australia. Home Next Arrival of the First Fleet Christianity arrived in Australia in 1788 as part of the English penal colony of New South Wales. Among the members of this First Fleet were English convicts, most of who belonged to the Church of England and Irish convicts, most of/ The history of political and religious division between the English and Irish ensured that bitter rivalry continued to affect the life of the colony. The deep religious division known as sectarianism had raged since the days of the/


Menu. 1.What is this? 2. History: a) Arrival of the First FleetArrival of the First Fleet b) The first fifty years: 1788 to 1838The first fifty years:

sent by the British Admiralty from England to Australia. Under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip, the fleet sought to establish a penal colony at Botany Bay on the coast of New South Wales, which had been explored and claimed by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The settlement was seen as necessary because of the loss of the Thirteen colonies in North America. The Fleet arrived between 18/


The effect of terrorism and terrorist trials on Australian prison regimes Emeritus Professor David Brown Law Faculty, University of NSW.

of the supermax? Danger of obscuring long history of “secondary punishment”, “trac”, “punishment” and “segregation” sections from the penal colonies on –Port Arthur, Morton Bay, Norfolk Island, through Grafton, Katingal, the HRMU, Pentridge, Jika Jika, Barwon Acacia unit; danger that practices at the ‘hard end’ of the penal/ Task Force, First Report of the Working Group on Radicalisation and Extremism that Lead to Terrorism: Inventory of State Programs (2008) p8 (Australia contributed) ‘conversion’ and /


NEXT Women march for the right to vote. Chapter 26 - An Age of Democracy and Progress, 1815–1914 Democratic ideals strongly affect Europe and its colonies,

part of Australia (1770) Cook encounters Maori — native people of New Zealand Australian native peoples called ___________________________ by Europeans SECTION 2 Britain’s Penal Colony In 1788, Britain starts colonizing Australia, makes it ___________________________________ Penal colony — / also take a heavy toll The Irish Win Home Rule A Troubled History English expansion into and the domination of Ireland begins in the 1100’s Irish Catholic majority resents English laws favoring/


Chapter 12 World History Imperialism. Imperialism Game  A: Independent – a country that makes its own decisions and can trade with any country they.

British monarch Australia  British colony in 1770  No resistance by Aborigines  Penal colony until 1860 – For criminals in work camps  Later, immigration to the region was encouraged – Cheap land  Independent in 1901 – Remains part of the Commonwealth Natives of Australia and New Zealand/tea http://www.history.com/shows/mankind-the-story-of-all-of-us/videos/opium-in-china British Empire: Most successful drug dealers in history  Opium was used medicinally in China and other parts of the world –/


History of Australia & Canada. Australian Aborigines Migrated from Africa to Asia and then to Australia 30,000-40,000 years ago during the last Ice Age.

settle the land = Australia was a Penal Colony –Prior to this, American colonies (Virginia, Maryland and Georgia) were used as criminal colonies. American Revolution changed their plan. First prisoners arrived in 1788, and built first settlement at Port Jackson (Sydney) By 1839, 160,000 convicts had been sent to Australia –Most of the people living in Australia were either prisoners or people guarding them. –In 1852, the British/


Australia. © Lenka Lexová Introduction  the official name is the Commonwealth of Australia  its a country in the Southern Hemisphere including the.

from Polynesia  there live many immigrants from Asian countries © Lenka Lexová History  the first Europeans in Australia were the Dutch in the 17th century (Willem Janszoon, 1606), but they did not settle there  in 1770 James Cook mapped the east coast of Australia, which he named New South Wales and claimed for England  penal colony and first settlements were founded by prisoners  the country became British/


Robert FitzRoy Born 5 July 1805 at Ampton Hall, Ampton, Suffolk Died 30 April 1865 by his own hand Captain of the H.M.S. Beagle during Charles Darwin’s.

of Ecuador’s penal colony on Charles Island, told Darwin that he could tell which island any particular tortoise came from, because there were slight differences from one island to the next. Again, the significance of this was not evident to Darwin until after he had returned to England and thought about it. “[T]he most remarkable feature in the natural history of/ went to Tasmania and to another part of Australia. Shown is the route of a long trip Darwin took in Australia to a point 120 miles away, having/


Toward a Theory of Property Rights Harold Demsetz.

? Penal colonies deterred the large immigration of free labor. Cheap prison? – ₤439,000 per year in Australia – ₤435,000 per year in Britain Crime deterrence? – Options for the poor in Australia were no worse than options at home. – Individuals committed crimes for free passage. An alternative explanation To lower the value of the colony and make it less attractive to a foreign aggressive power – History is full of examples of colonies/


The HMS Beagle The HMS Beagle was a 10-gun two-masted brig-sloop belonging to the Royal Navy, launched in 1820. It was part of the celebration of the coronation.

of Ecuador’s penal colony on Charles Island, told Darwin that he could tell which island any particular tortoise came from, because there were slight differences from one island to the next. Again, the significance of this was not evident to Darwin until after he had returned to England and thought about it. “[T]he most remarkable feature in the natural history/ went to Tasmania and to another part of Australia. Shown is the route of a long trip Darwin took in Australia to a point 120 miles away, having/


Focus: How did European exploration and colonization of the Americas compare to that in Oceania?

is….. Voyages of James Cook “Australia’s Early Settlers: Aborigines and Prisoners” 1. Why did the British make Australia a penal colony? 2. Who were the prisoners in these early penal colonies? Sheep washing, around 1865. Much of the new colonys land proved/AP World History Comparative Essay Subtotal 7 Subtotal 2 1. Has acceptable thesis. (Addresses comparison of the issues or themes specified.) 2. Addresses all parts of the question, though not necessarily evenly or thoroughly. (Addresses most parts of the /


Australia, the Pacific Islands, and Antarctica Chp 31, 32, and Beyond.

represent only 1% of Australias population. The British settled Australia as a penal (prison) colony. Than many more people came when gold was discovered in 1851. Aboriginal group with a didgeridoo Port Author Penal Colony Australia and New Zealand The/only flora consists of mosses, lichen, and many types of algae. Seals, whales, penguins and other birds are the only forms of animal life beside fish species. Antarctic Animals Antarctica (history) The first confirmed sighting of the continent occurred/


Australia Type of Government: –Federal Parliamentary Democracy –Commonwealth Realm Leader(s): Head of State- Queen Elizabeth II Malcolm TurnbullPrime.

colony (penal colony) 1788 –Gold discovered in mid 1800’s Discovered VS Invaded An American observing this would be entitled to be bewildered. Theirs is a dark history too – one that encompasses indigenous dispossession, slavery and segregation – but its a history they can hardly be accused of/ labor Relationship with Australia! –Manus Island –Manus Island (current newsfeed)Manus IslandManus Islandnewsfeed –Australia has been a major supplier of aid –Relies on assistance from Australia to keep out illegal/


The Age of Exploration SS6H6: The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.

Michelangelo flourished during this time Intellectual ideas such as the study of history, literature, and philosophy spread Started in northern Italy (Florence and/Australia “New South Wales.” The British mapped the coast of Australia, including the island of Tasmania. The independence of the 13 American colonies led the British to colonize Australia in 1788. Before American independence, the British sent prisoners to be colonists in the Georgia colony in America. Britain created a new penal (prison) colony/


AUSTRALIA Commonwealth of Australia CONTENTS Summary History Government Geography Environment Culture.

sq mi (2.8/km 2 ) HISTORY Portrait of Cpt. James Cook, the first European to map the eastern coastline of Australia in 1770. HISTORY During 17 th century Dutch named the /colony until 1825. South Australia was founded as afree province and was therefore never a penal colony. GOVERN MENT Tony Abbott, Prime Minister of Australia. GOVERNMENT Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. It uses a parliamentary system of government with Queen Elizabeth II as the Queen of Australia/


Why do we celebrate St. Patrick’s Day in the USA? The history of the Irish part of being Irish American By Lynnette Fitch Brash, MA Anglo-Irish Literature.

other WASP’s in the American colonies soon enacted similar Penal Codes against Catholics in ALL of the American colonies ruled by the Brits Irish Immigration to/ transported, usually around the world to Australia, never to return  All the grain in the warehouses of Ireland was exported – none was given/history there.  To show their pride in that Irish heritage, they began holding celebrations and parades on St. Patrick’s Day (March 17 - the feast day of the Catholic patron saint of Ireland) in the COLONIAL/


The Early History of Correctional Thought and Practice

over to companies that had shipped them to colonies & sold their services (per 1717 law)  Australia & New S. Wales (after revolution) felons served Crown/designee for # of years then, freed (via pardon or “ticket of leave”) could then choose place of work banishment = consistent w/ social realities of time (= response to social disorder/upheaval early jails = product of social upheaval of 16th century England  manufacturing economy (not agrarian/


HIST 207 – 2009 Part 1 MODERN HISTORY KOÇ UNIVERSITY

,” chapter in An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Europe, Cambridge University/colony. In 1788, Australia became the destination of the first British penal transports turning the continent into another colony. Britain - The first “fiscal military state” Britain was capable of mobilizing a greater amount of financial resources at home compared to the “absolutistic” monarchies of the Eurasian continent. Efficient Taxation & Debt Financing The improved capacity of naval warfare was one of the results of/


T HE C OLD W AR S CALED D OWN 1945-1991. C OLD W AR : a bitter indirect conflict between the USSR & the U.S. that lasted for 4 decades after the end of.

like it or not, history is on our side/of Defense Against Communism Preventive Penal Law Against Communism In the Republic of the Congo, newly independent from Belgium since June 1960, the CIA-cultivated President Joseph Kasa-Vubu ordered the dismissal of/colony of East Timor unilaterally declared independence under the left-wing Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin) in November 1975. Supported by Australia and the United States, Suhartos Indonesia invaded in December — the beginning of/


New Global Patterns World History Chapter 10. Japan Modernizes Discontent in Tokugawa Japan – Since the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, the Tokugawa family.

History Chapter 10 Japan Modernizes Discontent in Tokugawa Japan – Since the Battle of/Penal Colony – In 1788, due to not being able to transport criminals to Georgia (American Revolution), instead, Britain sent it’s criminals all the way around the world to Australia and New Zealand. – 8 month voyage The Colonies Grow – Immigration was encouraged by the government by giving free tools and land to settlers. – In 1851, gold rush hit eastern Australia Achieving Self Government – 1901, the colonies of Australia/


Tasmania.  Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as "Tassie") is an island state, part of the Commonwealth of Australia, located 240 kilometres.

varied over the years. Lack of a federal infrastructure highway, lack of a gold rush, lack of open immigration initiatives, lack of population, decline in the wool and mineral economies, lack of early colonial initiatives, or lack of foreign investment have all been attributed as reasons for the erraticism of the economy. For the length of colonial history of Tasmania, a continuing exodus of youth to mainland Australia to seek employment opportunities has occurred/


Australia, New Zealand, Oceania, & Antarctica. Australia & New Zealand Introduction Australia and New Zealand have been cut off from the Earth’s other.

& Cultural Patterns 1800s – British controlled Penal Colony Imprisoned for everything from not paying bills to stealing bread. Prison overcrowding in England Prisoners where offered freedom if they moved to Australia Australia: Colonial Period 6 States ruled as separate colonies Victoria New South Wales Queensland Western Australia South Australia Tasmania 1901 – Australian constitution unified colonies Parliamentary (democracy) form of government (Commonwealth of Australia) 1911 – Northern Territory Added/


Week 9 & 10. By the end of 1852, 90,000 foreign people had flocked to Victoria in search of gold. Small cities like Ballarat and Bendigo grew, bringing.

stealing even a crust of bread to feed the family it meant exile to the far away penal colony, transportation. Between 1851 and 1860 about 101,540 Irish came to Australia, mainly wanting to find gold. Most of the early gold found /One of the ways it shaped Australian history was through arrival. The gold rush brought a large number of immigrants to Australia, all of whom had their own cultural influences. It was the beginning of multiculturalism in Australia. The Chinese in particular joined on Australia, /


EQ: What are the population patterns of Oceania?.

governments “Community Grants” program support Australia’s goal of living in harmony? 4.How has immigration affected Australia’s economy? EQ: What is the history of Australia and Oceania? History and Government of Australia, Oceania, and Antarctica Chapter 33 /most famous European explorer of the region Between 1768 and 1779, Cook claimed eastern Australia for Britain, visited Oceania, circled Antarctica, and made accurate maps of the area Britain used Australia as a Penal colony- it shipped prisoners to/


World Geography TodayChapter 31 Australia and New Zealand Preview Section 1: AustraliaAustralia Section 2: New ZealandNew Zealand Chapter Wrap-Up.

Environments World Geography TodayChapter 31 Aborigines—Ancient native culture; traditionally nomadic; hundreds of languages British settled Australia as a penal colony starting in 1788. Settlers forced Aborigines off the land. Six large colonies developed; became Commonwealth in 1901. People are mainly of European ancestry; many Asians began arriving in 1970s. Section 1: Australia History and Culture World Geography TodayChapter 31 Most people live in southeastern coastal cities. Religion/


Australia ● Téma hodiny: Australia ● Předmět: English language ● Ročník: 3. - 4. střední škola ● Klíčová slova: Australia – places of interest - continent.

● host of the Olympic Games 2000 ● nickname: DOWN UNDER History ● First inhabitants are called aborigines ● They arrived by watercraft ● They had complex structure including cave art still preserved today History ● For Europeans Australia was discovered by James Cook in 1770 ● He claimed the land for King George III. And called it New South Wales (the east part) History ● The whole are was a penal colony (for criminals/


Australia an introduction Prof.ssa Simonetta Gatto Istituto Comprensivo di Casella.

first penal colony in Botany Bay (today Sidney). In the XIX century other colonies were created by the British. This was the beginning of the tragic history of the Aborigines who grew weaker and weaker because of British egemony. The six colonies became indipendent from the British Empire, after a referendum, in 1901. What language? The official language is Australian English. This is due to the fact that Australia/


European Exploration and Colonization

one of three countries (England, Scotland, & Wales) shared an island. Time Period: 1700’s, the three united and became Great Britain British empire was the largest in history --At its peak, Great Britain controlled: Canada, Australia, India, much of Africa/ Britain colonized Australia in 1788 Motivation--Used it as a penal (prison) colony to relieve overcrowded jails in England Think-Pair-Share Think: Think about the colonies/territories of Britain Pair: With a partner list the colonies of Britain Share:/


History of the English Language

their ability to communicate with one another; this results in new pidgin languages mixing French, Spanish, Portuguese and even African dialects. Australia – used as a “penal colonyAustralia is settled by British immigrants. Speech characteristics reflect these origins. New Zealand – a British colony the British accent is stronger here, a distinct N.Z. vocabulary develops to identify them as different from Aussies and to incorporate/


PowerPoint Study Guide For Australia. Return to our……. “Essential Question(s)” What are the major physical features of Australia, and where are they located.

/aborig inal1.html#ixzz3XBdYNE00Aboriginal Australia: History, Culture, and Conflicthttp://www.infoplease.com/spot/aborig inal1.html#ixzz3XBdYNE00 When did the British find Australia? Why did the British Want to colonize Australia? Who were some of the 1 st settlers To arrive in Australia? What was the relationship between the Aborigines & the British at first? How did this change & why? How did British colonialism Affect Aborigines negatively? What/


Australia Type of Government: –Federal Parliamentary Democracy Leader(s): Head of State- Queen Elizabeth II Tony Abbott As of 9/2013Prime Minister-

/2013Prime Minister- Tony Abbott As of 9/2013 Political Parties (2 party) –ALP (Australia Labor Party) –LP (Liberal Party) Official language: – English Religion: –Protestant 28.8%, Catholic 25.3%, E. Orthodox 2.6% Ethnicity: –White- 92%, Asian- 7%, Aboriginal or Other- 1% Currency: –Australian dollar Independence: –1901 UK Colonization: –‘Discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 –First colony (penal colony) 1788 –Gold discovered in mid 1900/


 Describe how Canada achieved self- rule.  Explain how Australia and New Zealand became Western democracies.  Describe the British domination of.

New Zealand (1769), part of Australia (1770).  Cook encounters Maori —native people of New Zealand.  Australian native peoples called Aborigines by Europeans.  In 1788, Britain starts colonizing Australia, makes it penal colony.  Penal colony —place where convicts are sent/ diseases also take a heavy toll.  Native peoples pushed to “edge” of civilization. A Troubled History  English expansion into & domination of Ireland begins in the 1100s.  Irish Catholic majority resents English laws favoring /


G’day mate! What-da- ya know? AUSTRALIA.  First inhabited b/t 42,000 and 48,000 years ago  People migrated from Southeast Asia possibly over land bridges.

water ways.  Aboriginals video (indigenous people)-native to the landvideo  Hunter- gatherers  Dreamtime- story of creation of the earth HISTORY Aboriginal in front of Ayers Rock- culturally linked to Dreamtime Didgeridoo- musical instrument  Found in 1606 by Dutch  Became a British penal colony (prison) in 1788  Effects on Australia  Disease killed a large portion of Aboriginals  Stolen Generation  Gold rush and mining  Non-native species (ex: rabbits)  Gained/


Early History. Indigenous Australians Aborigines Came from Asia 40,000 years ago Nomadic hunters and gatherers Used boomerangs and spears for hunting.

- British captain James Cook explored New Zealand and east coast of Australia. Both were claimed for Britain. The south-Pacific routes of Captain James Cooks voyages. The first voyage is shown in red, second voyage in green, third voyage in blue. First Colony 1770s – British set up 1 st colony in Australia as penal colony for convicts because of overcrowding in English jails. More than 150,000 prisoners were/


Chapter 32 The Building of Global Empires 1 1899 advertisement from McClure’s Magazine.

cultivation. Slave- like labor conditions and abuses lead Belgian government to take control of colony in 1908, and renamed it Belgian Congo 23 Rewriting African History 24 “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?” Welsh journalist and explorer Henry Morton /animosity that fed the Rwandan genocide: the government-sponsored massacre of Tutsis by the Hutu groups. 31 European Imperialism in Australia and New Zealand English use Australia as a penal colony from 1788 Voluntary migrants follow; gold discovered 1851 Smallpox,/


Unit IV, Section 1. Objectives Understand the development of early civilizations along the Indus and Huang He River Valleys. Analyze the influence of.

& emu Feral populations of Horses, camels, and water buffalo Aboriginal Culture Arrived in Australia around 50,000 years ago One of the oldest people groups on Earth Characteristics Blue eyes Blonde, red, or brown hair Hunter-gather cultures History of oral traditions and rock art/ the Eastern Coast, 1770 Claimed it for Britain Est. New South Wales Developed as a penal colony after the loss of the American colonies in 1783 In the 19 th century pushed to assimilate aborigines Taking native children to be /


History-1 u The Aborigines were the only inhabitants of Australia until the Dutch began exploring parts of the continent in the 1620s. u In 1770,

History-1 u The Aborigines were the only inhabitants of Australia until the Dutch began exploring parts of the continent in the 1620s. u In 1770, Captain James Cook took formal possession for Britain.  Starting in 1788, the British founded penal colonies, mainly in the areas of the present- day Sydney, Hobart, and Brisbane.  As a result, many of the early settlers were either prisoners or soldiers. Australian English/


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