Ppt on hard gelatin capsule composition

© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Alexander G. Cheroske Mesa Community College at Red Mountain 8 Articulations.

structure of synovial joints Components of Synovial Joints Articular cartilage Joint capsule Synovial fluid Medullary cavity Periosteum Synovial membrane Spongy bone of epiphysis Compact/ discs Composition Anulus fibrosis Tough outer layer of fibrous cartilage Collagen fibers attach to adjacent vertebrae Nucleus pulposus Soft, elastic, gelatinous core Provides/ligament, and ischiofemoral ligament located? c. A football player received a hard tackle to the upper surface of his shoulder, causing a shoulder /


The national childhood flu immunisation programme 2016/17 Training for healthcare practitioners.

Gelatin (porcine type A) Arginine hydrochloride Monosodium glutamate monohydrate Water for injection Residues: Egg proteins (eg ovalbumin) Gentamicin 30 Fluenz Tetra® composition /gelatine the LAIV contains a highly purified form of gelatine derived from pigs gelatine is used to stabilise live viral vaccines and is commonly used in a range of pharmaceutical products, including many capsules/ system and that staff are aware –don’t let hard work go unmeasured create IT system reminders so that opportunistic/


Pharmaceutics General.

also be classified as: Natural: Acacia, tragacanth, agar, pectin, gelatin, methyl-, carboxy-methyl-cellulose. Synthetic EAs: d Non-ionic /d. CaCO3. A person comes to the pharmacist complaining of hard stool after every 2 – 3 days, what should be /Absorption of chewable tablets > suspension. Absorption of solution > suspension > capsules > tablets > enteric coated tablets. To diminish the absorption from / Azeotrophy is the absence of any change in the composition of a mixture of substances when boiled under a /


Food Allergy and Intolerance Dr. Janice M. Joneja, Ph.D., RD.

foods include: – Milk treated with lactase (Lactaid  ; Lacteeze  ) – Hard cheeses (whey is removed; casein remains and is fermented to form cheese) – /7 days: All foods, beverages, medications, and supplements ingested Composition of compound dishes and drinks, including additives in manufactured foods Approximate/disguised in gelatin capsules – Identical gelatin capsules contain a placebo (glucose powder) – Neither the patient nor the supervisor knows the identity of the contents of the capsules – Positive/


Book Cover.

in the large intestinal wall caused by the pressure from hard feces. This disease affects 30 million Americans. The American Journal/use acidophilus and bifidus capsules available in health food stores. Mix one tablespoon of yogurt or 2 capsules with one-half /people. During fasting, this juice blend exerts a deathblow on cancer. Its composition is: 55% beet root, 20% celery, 20% carrot, 3% /followed by a few days of having the mental prowess of gelatin. I have actually been able to meet someone for coffee, /


CRCT QOTD 7 th Grade ELA and Reading. Question 1 No sooner had Fearensides dog caught sight of him, however, than it began to bristle and growl savagely,

a ship;s galley Question 3 You wrote an interesting composition supporting the thesis that being an archaeologist is a perfect /look much different than the average vitamin capsule, the work it does inside the body, is truly amazing. – A/. 3. A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed. / the most common complaint about rechargeable batteries? – A) Rechargeable batteries are hard to find. – B) Rechargeable batteries are too expensive. – C) /


2004.11.02 Dr. Pogány - WHO, Geneva 1/34 IMPROVING ACCESS TO APPROPRIATE PAEDIATRIC ART FORMULATIONS János Pogány, pharmacist, Ph.D., UNICEF/MSF/WHO, Geneva,

capsule, hard contains 125 mg, 200 mg, 250 mg or 400 mg of didanosine. Sodium carmellose, diethyl phthalate, 30% methacrylic acid copolymer dispersion (EUDRAGIT L30D-55), sodium starch glycolate and talc. Capsule shell - gelatin, sodium laurilsulfate, colloidal anhydrous silica and titanium dioxide (E171). Capsule/Geneva 28/34 ILLUSTRATIVE R+D ISSUES A discriminating dissolution method should be developed for the final composition of the FPP. Limits should be set for each API in fixed-dose FPPs. The /


1 Week 1: Seminar Overview, Basic Concepts. Welcome to Pharmacology! Jenny Hayes, PA-C Rosalind Franklin School of Health Sciences, North Chicago, Il.

 Length of time in contact with skin  Skin thickness  Composition/medium-ointment, cream, lotion Topical medications can be dangerous in elderly patients/ as effective Capsules Small, cylindrical gelatin containers Two pieces fit together Used when medication has unpleasant taste,/gelatin shells made in one piece Hold a liquid form of medication Do not chew!—medicine often tastes unpleasant Can squeeze into oral cavity, following physician’s advice May stick to inside of mouth if mouth is dry Troche or Lozenge Hard/


The Universal Pill IGEM Presentation 17 th July 09 James Field Dineka Khurmi Nuri Purswani Kun Xue.

PolysaccharidesHydrogel encapsulation - Safe - Biodegradable - Hard to encapsulate peptides Polyethylene glycol (PEG) /–3 mm - microspheres protected entrapped cells Encapsulation in alginate-coated gelatin microspheres improves survival of the probiotic Bifidobacterium adolescentis 15703T during exposure to/out optimal dimensions for maximal diffusion of substances through capsule. Metabolic considerations: - Find optimal nutrient agar composition to obtain indication of bacterial survival. Summary Solution/


SRC/CPPT/2013/Jan/Version12 Uniting the World of Pharmaceutical Research Part of US based Arnold A Semler Inc, in business since 1946 An ISO 9001 : 2008.

capsules Innovative Generics [e.g. 505 (B) (2)] Innovative Drug Delivery Technologies Effervescent Formulation (Lubrication optimizations studies) Tablet in Tablet Formulation (Compression coating) Novel drug delivery systems including Liposomes … Patent filed for Bioenhanced Formulations The invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition/ creams / gels NDDS - liposomes/ transdermals/ Liquid filled hard gelatin capsules Physico chemical evaluation Solubility studies (pH dependent aqueous solubility, /


ANS 215 Anatomy & Physiology of Domesticated Animals

strength of long bones is not only due to the hardness of the compact bone, but also by the scaffolding / osteoclasts Considered to be members of the diffuse mononuclear phagocyte system Composition of Bone Adult bone is 25% water, 45% mineral, and/of bone is about 90% collagen which is converted to gelatin when heated in an aqueous solution. Bone Formation Classified according/common origin. Usually enter the bone near the line of capsule attachment and form a network around the joint. Capillaries from/


CHAPTER 11 ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICATION AND INTRAVENOUS THERAPY.

drug has four names: a.Chemical Name: precise description of chemical composition Used most by manufacturers and pharmacists b.Generic Name: assigned by manufacturer/Preparations, cont. 5.Capsule a.Drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble b.Prevents patient from tasting drug c.Example: Benadryl capsules Elsevier items and derived/ has active or latent TB: a.Tuberculin causes induration Induration: abnormally hard spot caused by accumulation of small sensitized lymphocytes 3.TB test reactions:/


Course Teacher: Sabrina Rahman Archie. * The systemic absorption of a drug is dependent on (1) the physicochemical properties of the drug, (2) the nature.

, such as proteins and protein-bound drugs, do not. * The transmembrane movement of drugs is influenced by the composition and structure of the plasma membranes. * Cell membranes are generally thin, approximately 70 to 100 Å in thickness. /substance and appropriate pharmaceutical adjuncts as fillers are enclosed in either a hard or a soft “ shell ”, generally composed of a form of gelatin. * Drug material are released from capsules faster than from tablets. * Suspensions * Suspensions are preparations of /


Gastrointestinal Absorption of Drugs - Biologic considerations Course Title : Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics – I Course Teacher: Nishat Jahan.

and protein-bound drugs, do not. Nature of Cell Membranes The transmembrane movement of drugs is influenced by the composition and structure of the plasma membranes. Cell membranes are generally thin, approximately 70 to 100 Å in thickness. Cell/and appropriate pharmaceutical adjuncts as fillers are enclosed in either a hard or a soft “ shell ”, generally composed of a form of gelatin. Drug material are released from capsules faster than from tablets. Suspensions Suspensions are preparations of finely /


Biopharmaceutics of Non Oral Medications Possible routes of drug administration are divided into two classes : 1- Enteral 2- Parenteral Enteral include,

either subdivided or single units. Subdivided PRD forms exemplified by Spansules. Several kinds of beads are found in the hard gelatin capsule,some releasing the drug rapidly, Others releasing the drug over a period of several Hours,still others releasing the drug/release is independent of pH or motility. The duration of drug delivery is controlled by : The permeability of the membrane Composition of the core. At a given rate of drug delivery,the duration of controlled release is determined by the amount /


BY: ABDULLAH ABRO MOH PAK 1 Workshop on the Veterinary Products for Asian countries, 2010 22~ 26 November, 2010 National Veterinary Research and Quarantine.

who were, by nature, simple, virile, hospitable and hard working. Ancient sites excavated in Taxila, Harappa, and Moenjodaro/ Under Drugs Act 1976:  Registration of Drugs  Renewal of Registrations Composition  Headed by Director General Health  14 members including Technical Experts (/ price of the drug, e.g, per tablet, per capsule, per 5ml, including pack price of the drug etc./is involved in registration of slaughterhouses, animal casing and gelatin processing units for export of these commodities. It /


CHAPTER1 Anatomy GROSS ANATOMY The eye comprises: A tough outer coat which is transparent anteriorly (the cornea) and opaque posteriorly (the sclera).

running between the ciliary body and the lens capsule. Comprises an outer collagenous capsule under whose anterior part lies a monolayer of / from pre-malignant lesions. It may present as a hard nodule or a scaly patch. Treatment is by excisional /Sjögren’s can be very difficult to treat. Abnormalities in composition 61 (symblepharon). There may be both an aqueous and mucin/appearance of follicles. Follicles (Fig. 7.1).These are raised, gelatinous, oval lesions about 1 mm in diameter found usually in the/


Presented by Rutendo Kuwana

are similar Variables affecting dissolution characteristics of the API e.g., particle size, crystal form, bulk density product composition e.g., drug loading, and the identity, type, and levels of excipients manufacturing process e.g., compression forces/ of the API different salt forms of the API surfactants in the formulation solubilized liquid formulations in hard or soft gelatin capsules non-crystalline materials Media selection For batch-to-batch quality testing medium selection may be based on the/


Ajaz S. Hussain, Ph.D. Office of Pharmaceutical Sciences CDER, FDA 17 September 2003 Quality by Design: Next Steps to Realize Opportunities?

Immediate release –Direct compression –Wet granulation –Dry granulation Buccal tablets Sub-lingual tablets CapsulesHard gelatin –Soft gelatin Product Design Process Design Design features of these conventional products and processes have essentially been/equivalence Inappropriate “acceptance criteria” –One point specification –Set “too late” Inappropriate test method –media composition (pH,..) –media volume –hydrodynamics Excipients affect drug absorption Other reasons aaps Annual Meeting20 ICH Q6A /


MULTIVITAMIN PRODUCTS Department of Pharmaceutics Hindu College of Pharmacy.

preparations are available in the form of tablets, capsules,pastilles,powders,liquids and injectable formulations.  The optimized/methyl cellulose. cellulose acetate phthalate Ethyl cellulose. Gelatin Poly vinyl alcohol, gelatin –acacia, shellac. SOLID DISPERSION Bad tasting / is an attempt made to modifies the chemical composition of the drug include it self so as /physical characterization of the tablet Change in the tablet hardness, friability,dissolution rate and extent of dissolution Moisture content/


PHR 303 Pharmaceutical Technology - II Monday, June 13, 2016.

composition to parenterals dosage form, a doctor or a nurse is not required for administration. I.e. self administration is possible. 13. In comparison to capsules,/polyvinyl pyrrolidine, Sodium starch glycolate, Sodium CMC Solution Binder Gelatin, Polyvinyl pyrrolidine, Cellulose derivatives (hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, Sucrose, Starch/run to monitor the process, including tests for tablet weight, weight variation, hardness, thickness, disintegration, and various evaluations of elegance.  The in-process /


1 Week 1: Seminar Overview, Basic Concepts. Course Policies and Procedures References Books - must be current... Published within the last 2 years Websites.

 Length of time in contact with skin  Skin thickness  Composition/medium-ointment, cream, lotion Topical medications can be dangerous in elderly patients/ as effective Capsules Small, cylindrical gelatin containers Two pieces fit together Used when medication has unpleasant taste,/gelatin shells made in one piece Hold a liquid form of medication Do not chew!—medicine often tastes unpleasant Can squeeze into oral cavity, following physician’s advice May stick to inside of mouth if mouth is dry Troche or Lozenge Hard/


Prokaryotes Bacteria are small living organisms found almost everywhere on the earth. Bacteria are prokaryotes which are typically unicellular. Bacteria.

help “sticking” Plasma membrane: lipid layer Capsule: extra barrier (gelatinous), bacteria with capsules are more likely to cause disease. DNA: genetic material for the cell Cell Wall: rigid, protection for cell, different composition with different bacteria. Bacteria Shapes Most bacteria/ anaerobes. Endospores Some bacteria when faced with unfavorable conditions form an endospore. An endospore has a hard outer covering which is resistant to drying out, or temperature, etc. When conditions are favorable the/


1 SUSTAINED RELEASE FORMULATIONS Prof. Dr. Basavaraj K. Nanjwade M. Pharm., Ph. D Department of Pharmaceutics KLE University’s College of Pharmacy, Belgaum-

in biological fluids and rate of dissociation of complex in the solution are considered and they depend upon pH and composition of gastric and intestinal fluids.  Drug-adsorbate preparation: In this product is insoluble. Drug availability is determined by/sustained form for sudden drug release, remaining part are coated for sustained release. Both these granules are filled in hard gelatin capsule or compressed in a tablet, and the release mechanism is by diffusion. Coating material used are fats, waxes./


International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use Implementation of ICH Q8, Q9, Q10.

2010 Organization of content Quality Target Product Profile (QTPP) API properties and assumptions Process and Drug product composition overview Initial risk assessment of unit operations Quality by Design assessment of selected unit operations ICH Quality / drive changes in API process Ph I and II trials performed with API-excipient mixture filled in hard gelatin capsules (liquid filled capsules = LFC) First API Deliveries - Simpler Crystallization Process - No PSD control; crystal agglomeration observed,/


OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES IN PHARMACEUTICAL FORMULATION AND PROCESSING Prof. Dr. Basavaraj K. Nanjwade M. Pharm., Ph. D Department of Pharmaceutics KLE University.

Factorial designs  Full  Fractional  Response surface designs  Central composite designs  Box-Behnken designs  Adding centre points  Three level full/response by moving away from worst response.  Applied to optimize CAPSULES, DIRECT COMPRESSION TABLET (acetaminophen), liquid systems (physical stability) / Diluent ratioY1 Disintegration time X2 compressional forceY2 Hardness X3 Disintegrant level Y3 Dissolution X4 Binder/ starch disintegrant 2.53455.5 X 4 = Granulating gelatin(0.5mg) 0.20.511.51.8 X 5/


-THE SCOPE OF ECOLOGY -FACTORS AFFECTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMS -AQUATIC AND TERRESTRIAL BIOMES -THE SPATIAL SCALE OF DISTRIBUTIONS CHAPTER 52 INTRODUCTION.

the organisms have structural adaptations that enable them to attach to the hard substrate in this physically tumultuous environment. On sandy substrates (beaches)/ Most plankton exhibit morphological structures, such as bubble-trapping spines, lipid droplets, gelatinous capsules, and air bladders, that help them stay within the photic zone. Copepods /echinoderms, and fishes. Benthos: a deep-sea vent community. The species composition of benthos varies dramatically with water depth. Pictured here is a vent/


International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use Implementation of ICH Q8, Q9, Q10.

2010 Organization of content Quality Target Product Profile (QTPP) API properties and assumptions Process and Drug product composition overview Initial risk assessment of unit operations Quality by Design assessment of selected unit operations ICH Quality / drive changes in API process Ph I and II trials performed with API-excipient mixture filled in hard gelatin capsules (liquid filled capsules = LFC) First API Deliveries - Simpler Crystallization Process - No PSD control; crystal agglomeration observed,/


Ichem Ltd. is a Polish manufacturer of food supplements and cosmetics on a contract basis.

Food / Healthy food Capsules Hard gelatine or cellulose capsules used for a wide range of encapsulated materials: powders, granulated product, herbs, micro pills, pellets. We use capsules in size „0”. Dozes are from 300 to 500 mg. Capsules are packed in blisters/ Searching for vendors of raw materials and packaging materials for the formulations prepared Modification of the composition of existing products Manufacturing samples Preparation of product documents Lab testing Storing archive samples ICHEM Ltd./


The Skeletal System. Function of Bones Support – form the framework that supports the body and cradles soft organs Protection – provide a protective case.

Cushionlike pad composed of two parts – Nucleus pulposus – inner gelatinous nucleus that gives the disc its elasticity and compressibility – Annulus/Synovial Joints: Knee – Posterior Superficial View Adductor magnus tendon Articular capsule Oblique popliteal ligament Arcuate popliteal ligament Semimembranosus tendon Synovial Joints: / Chemical Composition of Bone: Inorganic Hydroxyapatites, or mineral salts – Sixty-five percent of bone by mass – Mainly calcium phosphates – Responsible for bone hardness and /


Lecture #3 Protists.

(DDT) and by drugs that kill the Plasmodium (quinine based drugs) vaccines hard to develop – Plasmodium lives inside the RBC (hidden) carriers of sickle cell / that classify them: 1. cell wall composition – rigid cell wall some have an outer membrane outside the wall – similar to the bacterial capsule 2. form in which food is stored/whose wall is composed of hundreds or thousands of biflagellated cells embedded in a gelatinous matrix. The cells are usually connected by strands of cytoplasm; if isolated,/


NON CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT OF DRUG SPECIALITIES ________________________ Bernard MARCHAND.

balance (HLB). Manufacturing process, excipient melting, drug substance dispersion in the molten mass and, pouring into hard gelatin capsules ORAL ROUTE SEMI SOLID MATRIX STABILISATION Multiparticulate dosage form as small spherical reservoir beads (0.5 à 1./impurities)  S.4 Control of drug substance  S.7 Stability MARKETING AUTHORISATION FILE DRUG PRODUCT  P.1 Description and composition  P.2 Process development/validation  P.3 Manufacturing process  P.4 Excipients  P.5 Control of drug product /


CELL 2010. What is a cell? “ Life is a dynamic equilibrium of hundreds and thousands and millions of chemical and biochemical reactions going on between.

and there is hardly any organization like that of a cell. It is therefore difficult to accommodate these kinds of units in the context of cell theory. Differences Prokaryote 1.Cell is covered with gelatinous sheath or capsule 2.Lacks chloroplasts./reduce the rate of water loss through transpiration Cell Membrane Outer most covering of the protoplast Living and differentially permeable membrane. Chemical composition: 1.Proteins- 42% 2.Lipids – 32% 3.Carbohydrate – 6% 4.Water – 20% Structure of cell membrane /


Functional Anatomy of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

glycocalyx = external, outermost surface layer of secreted carbohydrate-rich gelatinous material, usually sticky or slimy capsule = organized glycocalyx, firmly attached to cell wall slime layer/ its shape -provides protection -resists osmotic lysis -provides anchorage point for flagella composition: -in bacteria = peptidoglycan (aka murein): -lattice of disaccharides and polypeptides / movement of pure water into a solution containing solutes (how hard the water pushes) A cell cannot control osmosis, it can/


Prepared by : Dima Alhashlamoun Doaa Sider Instructor : Mr. Yaseen Qawasmi Drug stability.

liquid phase (adsorbed moisture) and the solid phase itself. The compositions of all of these phases can vary during an experiment. The /produce many experimental problems during stability testing. For example, what happen with gelatin capsules. To reduce some of these problems, particularly those associated with moisture,/capsules or tablets ● Failure to meet specifications for appearance and physical properties, e.g. colour, phase separation, resuspendability, delivery per actuation, caking and hardness/


Chapter 9 Drugs and Toxicology (PBS-secrets of dead –executed by error -56 min)

, and semi-synthetic substitutes Street Names: Mr. Brownstone, Horse, Scat, Smack, China White, Hard Stuff, Crank, Jive, Junk, Shag, Dope Often smoked, sniffed, or injected; can be /(Addiction) Risk of infection, disease, and overdose Street drugs have unknown compositions, may contain adulterants; non-sterile injection Hepatitis and AIDS in narcotic abusers/is eaten. Different liquid and gelatin forms are taken through the eyes. Can also be found in tablet and capsule form, and taken orally. Effects/


SPHS 170 Introduction. Definitions ANATOMY- Greek: to cut up the structure. PHYSIOLOGY- Greek: physis= nature, logis= logic. A branch of biology that.

fibers. Collagenous fibers predominate in many dense connective tissues. > gelatin. Other dense connective tissues are characterized by the predominance of Elastic/ can be identified a. compact bone forms the hard outer covering b. spongy bone forms the inner /band of fibrous tissue called the articular capsule, within which is the joint capsule. A small amount of fluid is / bolus of neurotransmitter which causes a change in the chemical composition of the nearby neural ending. However, the neural ending/


Chapter 28: the Protists Even a low-power microscope can reveal a great variety of organisms in a drop of pond water These amazing organisms belong to.

(DDT) and by drugs that kill the Plasmodium (quinine based drugs) – vaccines hard to develop – Plasmodium lives inside the RBC (hidden) – carriers of sickle cell /that classify them: – 1. cell wall composition – rigid cell wall some have an outer membrane outside the wall – similar to the bacterial capsule – 2. the form in which food /whose wall is composed of hundreds or thousands of biflagellated cells embedded in a gelatinous matrix. The cells are usually connected by strands of cytoplasm; if isolated, /


Clarifying FDAs Expectations for Appropriate Excipient Controls in 2013 - FDASIA, GDUFA, QbD, & IID Impact Total Excipient Control (TEC) David R. Schoneker.

Perspective  Excipient Variability  Performance related properties (compositional and physical)  Controls in chemical plants  /composition differences are distinguished only by type, which is defined in compendia monographs, and are based on methoxy and hydropropoxy content. Viscosity is a physical parameter used to differentiate grades within a type. Hypromelloses ORAL Capsule, sustained action 3NXW29V3 W0 670.04 mg Hypromellose 2208 (15000 mPa.s) ORAL Capsule, sustained action, hard gelatin/


Microemulsion- A suitable Galenical approach for the absorption enhancement of low soluble compounds B.T. Gattefosse No. 88, p. 21-26, 1995 A new microemulsion.

, highly lipophilic, water solubility<0.002%. What are the disadvantages of CsA classical Sandimmune ® (capsule) macroemulsion dosage form? 1. Bile salt emulsification>digestion by pancreatic juice> CsA absorption, 2. /Composition of Neoral ® SMEDDS formulation: Composition of formulation Neoral ® SMEDDS Oil: hydrolyzed corn oil, Surfactant: polyoxy-hydrogenated castor oil Solvent: glycerol, ethanol or PG Drug content:10% Tocopherol: as antioxidant Neoral ® SMEDDS administered in soft or hard gelatin capsule/


FPP Assessment and Deficiencies Lynda Paleshnuik Training workshop: Assessment of Interchangeable Multisource Medicines, Kenya, August 2009.

manufacture should be listed, eg Nitrogen The qualitative composition of mixtures, such as Opadry colourants, capsule shells, printing ink, is not provided. Assessment/and tapped densities, particle size distribution; - tablet cores: average weight, weight variation, hardness, thickness, friability, disintegration - coated tablets: weight gain during coating; Assessment of / from plant origin, a statement to this effect will suffice Gelatin Phosphates from animal origin (eg should be asked for dibasic /


What are animal by-products?

used for the production of gelatine which is then used in human food (desserts, gummed candies, marshmallow and prepared meat products), animal feed (coats of vitamins, binders of feed pellet and dog chews), pharmaceutical (hard and soft capsules) and technical use (/ the primary determinant of the quality of the finished product. The processes vary according to the raw material composition. All rendering system technologies include the collection and sanitary transport of raw material to a facility where it/


Development of Biopharmaceuticals and Biosimilar Drug Delivery Dr. Basavaraj K. Nanjwade M.Pharm., Ph.D KLE University’s College of Pharmacy Belgaum-590010.

storage conditions Easily destroyed/eliminated by the body Hard to obtain in large quantities 24 Jan. / drugs (novel drug delivery) Conventional way Oral (Tablets, Capsules) Parenteral (IV injections) 24 Jan. 201040Modern College of / (preferred) –gelatin –polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) 24 Jan. 201054Modern College of Pharmacy, Pune Microsphere Release Hydrophilic (i.e. gelatin) –best for/changes in pH, Temp., ionic strength, solvent composition, pressure and the application of electric fields Insulin/


2 nd Post Lab- Bio 22 Kimberly S. Beltran DB CAS UP Manila.

structures found in this layer which functions for food gathering, defense, & attachment -middle gelatinous layer is called mesoglea -inner layer (gastrodermis) is made up of large, ciliated/ossicles Starfish -the skin is ciliated and hard due to the presence of ossicles, spines, spicules & granules which are CaCO3 in composition -the integument is important for protection /parashenoids Nasal CapsulesSphenethmoid Mesethmoid Nasal Vomer Auditory capsules Visceral Arches Prootic Palatines Pterygoids Squamosal /


Plankton Summary Plankton can’t control their location and are moved about by wind, waves, currents and tides. Plankton are usually grouped by size, ranging.

– all latitudes) Radiolaria: spherical, amoeboid cells with silica capsule; 50 µm to several mm; contribute to silica ooze/on bacteria, phytoplankton, HNF; naked forms more abundant but hard to study (delicate!); tintinnids: sub-group of ciliates /, tuna) and whales (Antarctica) Amphipoda Amphipoda (parasites of gelatinous plankton) http://www.imagequest3d.com/catalogue/deepsea/images/l038_jpg.jpg /list_related&playnext=1 &list=SP3A32768200CED51C Marine Snow Composition of Marine Snow Once living material (/


The World Within Micro-organisms in the Digestive Tract:

are removed, microflora tends to revert to its original composition Micro-organisms in the Large Bowel Conditions that influence/ types present in plants, e.g in legumes: Hard outer skin is insoluble type Inner “pulse” higher in/can be speeded up by cooking - starch is gelatinized Cooling causes a process of crystallization (retrogradation) that / live culture: Yogurts Fermented milks Fortified fruit juice Powders Capsules Tablets Sprays Prebiotics Non-digestible food ingredients that selectively stimulate/


Food Microbiology Dr M.Altamimi.

all branches of microbiology, such as solid media (first gelatin, then agar) to purify and enumerate bacteria, Petri /nucleus Molds yeasts Eubacteria (bacteria) Archaea Gram stain Protein profile Base composition C+G % (10%) DNA RNA hybridization (90%) Nucleotide sequence/either added to pasteurized milk or made into tablets and capsules for consumption as probiotics. Lab. helveticus is used to/bacteria, predominantly psychrotrophic rods, and yeasts and molds. Hard-ripened cheese, such as cheddar, can have a/


Solutions and solubility

such as caffeine, theophylline & glutethimide EXAMPLE 2 The anhydrous form of ampicillin, when taken orally in a hard gelatin capsule formulation was found to possess higher dissolution rates & higher absorption rates than ampicillin trihydrate, which is obviously/that goes in solution per unit time under standardized conditions of liquid/solid interface, temperature and solvent composition. Solubility plays important role in controlling dissolution from dosage form. From Noyes-Whitney equation it shows that/


Food Microbiology Dr M.Altamimi 1. Is it a big deal? Indian police have arrested the headteacher of the school where 23 children died after eating food.

all branches of microbiology, such as solid media (first gelatin, then agar) to purify and enumerate bacteria, Petri /bacteria) Archaea Morphology Reproduction Metabolic patterns Gram stain Protein profile Base composition C+G % (10%) DNA RNA hybridization (90%) Nucleotide sequence/either added to pasteurized milk or made into tablets and capsules for consumption as probiotics. Lab. helveticus is used to/, predominantly psychrotrophic rods, and yeasts and molds. Hard-ripened cheese, such as cheddar, can have a/


Getting Ready For Science Daiann Hughes 2010-2011.

, Reading Reviews, and Chapter Review Notebook Each student needs a mead composition book. Look at text book and have a language arts lesson –/ used for both types of vision problems.  First lenses hard plastic, now soft and flexible. Eyes and Lenses http://www/worksheet handout at end for drawing with Lesson 14 use cotton, gelatin, paper towel and absorb a little For lesson 14 – do/The tiny filtering unit of the kidney is called Bowman’s capsule. Chapter Review and Test Alabama Science Test Cells to Body/


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