Ppt on global warming in india free download

April, May 2016 Rotary Club Presentation The Failed Science of Global warming: Time to Re-consider Climate Change Madhav Khandekar Expert Reviewer IPCC.

Global warming: Time to Re-consider Climate Change Madhav Khandekar Expert Reviewer IPCC 2007 Climate Change April, May 2016 Rotary Club Presentation IPCC vs NIPCC  IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change; A UN Body of scientists (mostly working with various national governments) established in/06: Very Cold most of Europe!  Winter 2002/03: Severe cold in eastern Europe, 200 deaths in Poland: Long cold spells in North India, Bangladesh & Vietnam; several hundred deaths due to long cold spells! /


Income and Energy CIA & UN China USA China India.

Income and Energy CIA & UN China USA China India Income and Life China USA China India CIA & UN Energy and Population CIA & UN Energy and Population CIA & UN India China USA Iran Greece Venezuela Japan Russia Population Growth < 1/people: remain deprived of modern energy services C-dependency global warming Sustainable energy system: technological breakthroughs (production and usage) reducing energy consumption International Energy Agency - 2004 Fossil fuels: 95% in 2003 … 85% of the increase by 2030 finite/


ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION. Air Pollution  Air –Necessary for Existence –Colorless, odorless mixture of gases –Quality of air varies in different.

to fade faster.  Effect on Climate: Atmospheric changes induced by pollution contribute to global warming, a phenomenon which is caused due to the increase in concentration of certain gases like carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, methane and CFCs. Observations/ run-off, improper agricultural practices and various religious and social practices all contribute to river pollution in India.  Every single river in India be it the Ganga, Yamuna, Cauvery or the Krishna have their own share of problems due/


Inconvenient Truths and Convenient Lies: the Global Climate Change Issue By Cynthia McMeans (and primarily from Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth: A Global.

-2004-is now gone) Himalayan Glaciers The rapid melting first increases the volume of water in rivers and causes widespread flooding; then in a few decades, the water levels of rivers decline significantly. This means massive economic and environmental problems for people in western China, Nepal, and northern India. Global warming is causing Himalayan glaciers to rapidly retreat (10 to 15 meters or 33 feet per/


Global Economy and Global Warming Dr. Sandra Cruz-Pol Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering CLiMMATe Lab Director (Cloud Microwave Measurements.

in 1991 (Open Market) China & India… ChinaChina : growing economic rate (9%!) in the World, after it opened to global trading. –Ancient civilization. Past technology leader, until 1400s. –1434 Ming emperor closes international trade, dismantled worlds largest fleet of ocean vessels. –Japan invasion 1937. Mao Tse-tung 1949- 1976. –Market reforms began 1978. ***Global Warming/ Equal or less -----------------------Myth#4 Truth: Global warming Lake Chad Was the 6 th largest lake in the World! A study by U. /


Professor G.N.Pandey Indian Institute of Information Technology Allahabad Global Green Energy Mobile Charger.

Arguably the most commonly known and widely reported environmental concern nowadays is global climate change/global warming. For many of us in the Information Communication & Technology (ICT) Industry, the environmental spotlight/Global warming effect: - 49.08% per year. Help to decrease the warming temperature of the atmosphere: - 49.06% per year. Benefit from the project for Laptop Energy saves: - In India, there are 2.5 million laptop users and in general, every laptop consumes all total average 80 W-H in/


Presented at All India Seminar On Energy Management Through Renewable Sources and Efficient technologies Institution of Engineers, Madhya Pradesh State.

India Dr. (Mrs) M. Premalatha Associate Professor, CEESAT, NIT Trichi, TN, India ‘Climate change poses a great challenge to our development prospects…....we need global response, a national response and a local response’ ------- Hon. Dr. Manmohan Singh Concerns for Global warming/ 280 ppm to 390 ppm in the present o Average global temperature increase by 1.5-5 degree. Coping with Global Warming Air interaction Greenhouse Gases Earth Interactions Global Warming Climate Change Impacts -Adaptation Mitigation/


The Right to Energy & The Right Energy in the Changing Climate Dr. CM Nautiyal* 09415107078 * Scientist, BSIP, Lucknow.

.  There is no basis for claiming that Himalayan glaciers will vanish in 2 or 3 decades.  Thereafter many "global warming deniers" have used this to reject the whole idea of global warming induced climate change.  But we ought to take steps Relationship Between Climate/the Non- Conventional Alternate Sources of energy? Wind Energy is promising. At present Germany, USA, Denmark lead and India is progressing well. India has potential of 45,000 MW using SW monsoon from April, July winds (20- 30 kms/ hr and /


Global Warming and Japan’s Energy Conservation Policy SHIGETOMI Norio Project Coordinator Global Environment Technology Development Dept. NEW ENERGY AND.

2 0 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 14% 8% 6% Current Status of GHG Emissions in Japan Source: Outline of Global Warming Prevention (March 2002) Note: Decrease/increase from 1990. 0.0 % Energy-derived CO 2/ ○ LPG stove ○ Solar cooker ○ Waste managementSolid waste management ○ Sources: Cooperative Technology Implementation Plan (CTIP) for India, March 2002 India, Asia Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS, October 1998) GHGs mitigation optionsNSSALGAS Energy supply Conventional energyFuel switching for/


Let us see it later.

300 crore, which is over 40 percent of the entire population worldwide and the crisis will hit first and foremost – China and India – Effects the Ecological systems According to the scientist, already few kind of animals, birds and trees disappeared due to the “Climate Change/ you and further make you to tell others and finally let all of us do. What we can do ? ‘Global Warming’ is a macro issue, in what way a common people like us can do some thing on this, it should be done at National or International/


PACON 2010 Pacific Congress on Marine Science & Technology (PACON) 22nd International Conference International Partnerships in Marine Science and Technology:

A complete list of things caused by global warming (extract) AcneAcne, agricultural land increase, Afghan poppies destroyed, African holocaust, aged deaths, poppies more potent, Africa devastated, Africa in conflict, African aid threatened, African summer / disasters quadruple, new islands, next ice age, NFL threatened, Nile delta damaged, noctilucent clouds, no effect in India, Northwest Passage opened, nuclear plants bloom, oaks dying, oaks move north, oblivion, ocean acidification, ocean acidification/


Ch. 2: The Changing Global Environment Globalization and Diversity Rowntree, Lewis, Price, Wyckoff As modified by Joe Naumann, UMSL.

difficult Pres. Bush opposes; says complying will damage U.S. economy –Large developing countries (India, China) are not yet bound to reduce greenhouse gases, and would have an advantage –Pres. Bush believes more study is needed to support a link between human activities and global warming Bush administration in 2004 only admitted that there “might be a connection.” World view: the USA has been/


IB syllabus: AP Syllabus Ch 18 Video -

5.0 –7.5 Temperature change End of last ice age –10.0 160 120 80 40 Thousands of years before present Global Warming Since 1750, Industrial Revolution Sharp rise in fossil fuel use, landfills  CO2 & CH3 Deforestation, Clear & burn grasslands  CO2 & N2O Rice paddies, inorganic fertilizer use/those being harmed having to prove that they are Better safe than sorry Contribution to Global Total (1%) United States 25.5% China 11.2% Russia 6.7% Japan 5.1% India 4.1% Germany 3.9% United Kingdom 2.6% Canada 2.5% /


Policies to Counteract Global Warming Financial Markets can Overcome the China – US Impasse Graciela Chichilnisky UNESCO Professor and Director, Columbia.

Global Warming Signals Outbreak of malaria in Africa Outbreak of malaria in Africa Global Warming Signals China’s industrial growth China’s industrial growth Global Warming Signals Desertification of 25% of China land mass Desertification of 25% of China land mass Global Warming /2012 Bringing aboard US and the developing nations G77 – China and India Bringing aboard US and the developing nations G77 – China and India Innovative Derivative Market A derivative market based on the Kyoto Protocol carbon/


Making Globalization Work for Developing Countries JOSEPH E. STIGLITZ Sir Winston Scott Memorial Lecture Central Bank of Barbados November 2007.

Further Problems: Global Warming Another arena in which global social injustices are being played out Major source of pollution in the North Major source of pollution in the North Major consequences in the South Major consequences in the South Discontent with Globalization: Other /has helped developing countries Historical Perspective 1820: China had 1/3 of global GDP, India more than 15% 1820: China had 1/3 of global GDP, India more than 15% 1814-1828: Industrial Revolution and tariff barriers knocked out/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Global Climate Change Chapter 14.

-term conditions at localized sites Global climate change: describes modifications in Earth’s climate o Temperature, precipitation, storm frequency Global warming and climate change are not the same © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Global warming Global warming: an increase in Earth’s average temperature o/Protocol It requires industrialized nations to reduce emissions But it does not require industrializing nations (China and India) to reduce theirs Other countries resent the U.S. because it emits 20% of the /


Global Economy, Extreme Poverty and Global Warming Dr. Sandra Cruz-Pol Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering CLiMMATe Lab Director and UPRM-PI.

in 1991 (Open Market) China & India… ChinaChina : growing economic rate (9%!) in the World, after it opened to global trading. –Ancient civilization. Past technology leader, until 1400’s. –1434 Ming emperor closes international trade, dismantled world’s largest fleet of ocean vessels. –Japan invasion 1937. Mao Tse-tung 1949- 1976. –Market reforms began 1978. ***Global Warming/ Equal or less -----------------------Myth#4 Truth: Global warming Lake Chad Was the 6 th largest lake in the World! A study by U. /


Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson 016 Global Climate Change Ch 14 Environment & Ecology.

.K. China. Rearing a child. France India Canada Australia Rearing a child (carbon consciously) http://calculator.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson 1.Invest in clean energy 2.Energy efficient cars 3.Create green jobs 4.Become carbon neutral 5.Become more energy efficient 6.Protect forests 7.Tax global warming pollution 8.Coal plants use new/


CLIM 101: Global Warming: Weather, Climate and Society Carbon Footprint, Energy Use Lecture 17, 2 Nov 2010.

US) RenewableEnergy Solar Wind Water Biomass Geothermal Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Power Recent US Trends: Encouraging 9% drop in US emissions in past 2 years (Recession; High gasoline price; Efficiency; Non-carbon energy) Wind farms, Solar power plants rapidly //person 2050: Projections for CO 2 Emissions (India, USA) “Polluter must pay” (We (US) are the biggest polluters but we also have the biggest guns.) Those who have contributed the least to global warming will suffer the most and the earliest. Poor/


Unit 4 Upper intermediate. Unit 4 Teams China and India Teams China and India Discuss together the shape of your country, where the capital is, borders.

$ 1,700 5. $ 1,700 Unit 4 What prospects do you think that young people in India and China have? What prospects do you think that young people in India and China have? Consider study opprtunities, being able to afford their own apartment, own car, being/ one of the most secure places to invest money. However, certain environmental problems related to global warming, in particular, shorter, warmer winters, have adversely affected the skiing business. Switzerland enjoys both economic and environmental stability. The economy/


Cryosphere Part 3: Antarctica Global Environmental Change – Lecture 7 Spring 2015.

were about 760 ppm and had been decreasing from earlier levels in the thousands of ppm The collision of India with Asia started to raise the Himalayas, which caused a large increase in the carbonate-silicate cycle, removing CO 2 from the atmosphere /ocean bottom toward the equator, while warm water from mid-depth to the surface travels from the equator toward the poles Changes in the amount of sea ice can disrupt normal ocean circulation, thereby leading to changes in global climate 12 Sea-ice vs. Freshwater/


MET 112 1 MET 112 Global Climate Change: Lecture 11 Energy & Climate Change Mitigation Dr. Eugene Cordero Outline:   Energy use   Mitigation   Kyoto.

hexafluoride HFCsPFCs MET 112 54 Kyoto Targets(2)  National targets –European Union –USA –Japan –Russia –Australia –Developing countries (no target)  China, India etc. MET 112 55 Kyoto Targets(2)  National targets –European Union - 8% below 1990 levels –USA - 7% below 1990 –Japan - /.Disagree 5.Strongly Disagree 0 of 5 MET 112 77 In terms of global issues, which do you think is the most pressing? 1.Global Terrorism 2.Global Poverty 3.Global Warming 0 of 5 Government should act to reduce greenhouse gas /


Unit 5 The Villain In the Atmosphere By Isaac Asimov.

or period of being a woman 成年女子的身份或状态  New words Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the words below by adding the suffix –hood. 1. She lived in India in her. girlhood 2. I wouldnt like to live in the of an airport. neighbourhood 3. It was his ambition / dream/that forests will cover more and more areas of our globe. As individuals, we can also contribute to the effort to stop global warming. In our homes, we can use energy efficient appliances, or use solar or wind power, which don’t emit carbon dioxide. /


© 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Lecture Outlines Chapter 18 Global Climate Change Withgott/Laposata Fifth Edition.

 Organisms are adapted to their environments  They are affected when those environments change  Global warming modifies temperature-dependent phenomena  Plants leaf out earlier in the spring  Insects emerge earlier  Birds are migrating and animals are breeding earlier /  It requires industrialized nations to reduce emissions  But it does not require industrializing nations (China and India) to reduce theirs © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. The Kyoto Protocol sought to limit emissions  Other countries/


AP WORLD HISTORY Multiple Choice & Essay Warm-Ups.

is D. QUESTION 55 Which of the following was a major long-term effect of Vasco da Gama’s voyage to India in the late 1490s? (A) It led to the integration of European merchants into the Indian Ocean economy. (B) It / century from earlier periods. QUESTION 79 What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century? (A) The end of international epidemics (B) Global warming and other types of climate change (C) The impact of medical innovations and public health/


Chapter 14 Lecture Presentations prepared by Reggie Cobb Nash Community College Global Climate Change © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.

term conditions at localized sites Global climate change Describes modifications in Earth’s climate Changes in temperature, precipitation, storm frequency Global warming and climate change are not the same © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Global warming An increase in Earth’s average temperature Only / nations to reduce emissions But it does not require industrializing nations (China and India) to reduce theirs Signatory nations have increased emissions 3.2% © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. International/


MODULE 2. MODULE 2: NATURAL RESOURCES Natural resources are natural assets (raw materials) occurring in nature that can be used for economic production.

due to habitat loss. Loss of CO 2 sink: due to deforestation the stored carbon in the forest released into atmosphere which further enhance the global warming problem. Watershed depletion: due to loss of forest area, risk of flash flood increases, /community. Until 2002, there were 63,618 JFM committees managing over 140,953sq km of forest in 27 state in India. Social forestry: It includes Creation of woodlots in the village common land, government waste land and panchayat land (estimated at least 12 mha)/


Now use your map to make full sentences out of these half-statements: Low-lying areas near to the coast tend to have linked to global warming. High mountain.

, such as the Thar Desert are most sparsely populated. The eastern coast of India has suffered from cyclones and flooding linked to global warming. India’s population has grown from 357 million in 1950 to 1.1 billion today (17 times greater than the UK). 77% of people live in rural areas and 23% in towns and cities. More and more people are migrating (moving) to urban/


The Coupled Climate-Energy System: Limiting Global Climatic Disruption by Revolutionary Change in the Global Energy System Invited Seminar National Center.

CO 2 Level in 2100 is 550ppm Estimated Temperature Rise is 3 o C China India China and India resisted signing up for a global goal of halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Reuters July 8, 2009 In Shell Blueprints /Rapidly Reduce Annual CO 2 Emissions: Peak in 2015, 50% Lower by 2050 & 80% by 2100 What Changes in the Global Energy System Are Required to Accomplish This Reduction Path? Reduction Path 3 The Copenhagen Accord for limiting global warming: Criteria, constraints, and available avenues, PNAS/


WILL INDIA BECOME AN ECONOMIC SUPERPOWER, DOES IT MATTER & WHAT MIGHT PREVENT IT? Stephen Howes, Lead Economist (India), World Bank March 2005

GDP PC in constant US$, projected for the year 2050 using /Global recession Global recession Spread of global terrorism or other forms of conflict Spread of global terrorism or other forms of conflict Global warming or other environmental threats to growth Global warming or other environmental threats to growth Any slowing down of global growth will tend to perpetuate the current economic configuration. Any slowing down of global growth will tend to perpetuate the current economic configuration. WHAT SHOULD INDIA/


America’s Growing Response to Global Warming

, signed by major industrial nations except US and Australia. Global Warming & Leadership Any Serious Effort in the United States to Reduce Global Warming Emissions Must Involve Reductions in Oil Consumption As the world’s largest GHG emitter, US leadership could prod China and India to action. The United States is the World’s Largest Polluter Top 10 Global Warming Polluters 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1/


Road to Cancun www.isciences.com November 19, 2010 Kyoto and Beyond The 3rd installment in an ongoing series on multilateral agreements related to climate.

agreement on GHG emissions reductions was drafted on the last day by the U.S. and Brazil, South Africa, India, and China. (BASIC countries)The Copenhagen AccordBASIC Image Credit: http: mattkava.com Mr. President, this is the/selectively posts numerous private emails from CRU scientists whose research has been used in IPCC reports and COP meetings. Global warming skeptics allege that the stolen emails reveal misconduct in the scientific community and proof of a conspiracy, believing scientists have forged /


Date: 12-Oct-14 AS Global Challenges Unit 1 Tackling the challenge of global warming.

in transport, industry, building design, recycling and waste management P80 Philip Allan Date: 12-Oct-14 AS Global Challenges Unit 1 Green strategies Date: 12-Oct-14 AS Global Challenges Unit 1 Tree planting....a possible solution to global warming? Date: 12-Oct-14 AS Global / led by Iran with 2.86 million, Pakistan (2.85 million), Argentina (2.07 million), Brazil (1.70 million), and India (1.10 million). Worldwide, there were 14.8 million natural gas vehicles by 2011, led by Iran with 2.86 million, /


1 EVA’s GLOBAL SCENARIOS Playing fields of the future.

and documentation of the scenarios. In addition, dozens of experts have participated in the project. Warm thanks to everyone! Thanks also go to McKinsey & Co, whose analyses provided the study’s base for global trends and to Pöyry, /actions are emphasized. Aggressive non-governmental organizations emerge and significant changes in life styles take place. China focuses on remaining a united country. Brain drain from India continues. Global GDP growth in 2009-2013: 0-2%. Self-sufficiency thinking, a well /


By Sandeep Tripathi IFS DIRECTOR (Research) Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education Dehra Dun “Addressing Impacts of Climate Change: Global Experience”

C Global surface warming over the 21 st century - 2 o C to 4.5 o C Increase in precipitation in high latitudes, and likely decreases in most subtropical land regions continues Increase in precipitation in high latitudes, and likely decreases in most /as CDM project activities by voluntary implementation of such policies by stakeholders / organizations/individuals CDM A&R Projects from India Sl. No. Name of the ProjectProject DeveloperCO2 Removal/ yr (kt) Size (ha) Remarks 1.Bagepalli CDM Afforestation/


Presentation on Building a Robust Refrigeration System By P. Sudhir Kumar Frick India Limited.

or expand ? Safe ? Self-Alarming Depletion of Ozone Layer Environmental issue and natural refrigerants Global Warming  Montreal Protocol (1987)  CFC : Fazed out in 1996  HCFC : Regulation starts in 2004 to be fazed out by 2020  Kyoto Protocol (1997)  Requires : /% starting torque from standstill right up to full speed. FRICK INDIA LIMITED SAFETY IN COLD STORE FIRE SAFETY ø Causes of Fire ø Potential Hazards ø Fire Prevention in protecting the cold store ø Fire prevention and fire safety equipment/


CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN KERALA-AN OVERVIEW

north beyond kerala are consistently increasing, contributing about 15% to the all-India oil sardine catch in the year 2006 (Vivekanandan et al., 2009). The surface waters of the Indian seas are warming by 0.04oC per decade, and the warmer waters (27-28.5oC/as they are able to advantageously make use of increasing temperature in the sub-surface waters. It is a vertical extension of distribution, and not a distributional shift. Global sea level rise Globally, sea level is expected to continue to rise over the/


Bio & E/E Warm-Up: 8/26/10 FACT: Biology is the study of life.

purpose of the plasma membrane of a cell? (CONTROLS WHAT GOES IN & COMES OUT OF A CELL) What types of cells have a plasma membrane? (ALL CELLS) E/E Warm-Up: 11/1/10 FACT: Global warming is causing coastal erosion to worsen. Ice is melting, which causes /DEOXYRIBOSE SUGAR & PHOSPHATE) E/E Warm-Up #1: 11/30/10 FACT: The cell membrane is the “skin” of a cell. It lets some things in but keeps others out. ?: In a recent year, what happened to nearly 25,000 women in India that refused to submit to their husbands/


22 April 2013 India International Centre,New Delhi.

Global Warming Centre (GWRC) Centre for Integerated Learning (CIL) Jagdish Kalyan Samiti (JKS) Co-organisers Global Open University Nagaland Women India Network for Development (WIND) World Institution Building Programme Womens Initiatives for Publishing Encyclopaedia Age Care Council of India/Ministers, Governors, Cabinet Ministers, Members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Leading Outlets in various States of India Leading Schools and Colleges All the big business houses,Hotels,Resorts,Hospitals,Media Houses /


Focus on Global Warming

information (2) John Weiehas studied in India and England. He has worked in the Canadian book publishing industry and as a musician with the Duck Mountain Bluegrass Band. He coached for ten years in the Manitoba Fastball program and has /increase or decrease. Background information (6) Global Warming: Global warming refers to an average increase in the Earths temperature, which in turn causes changes in climate. A warmer Earth may lead to changes in rainfall patterns, a rise in sea level, and a wide range of/


On the Climate Crisis: due to lack of interest… tomorrow is being cancelled! D.Raghunandan Delhi Science Forum & All India Peoples Science Network INECC.

societal problem  Climate Change is more than Global Warming  phenomenon specific to the industrial-capitalist era  global in scope and threatening irreversible damage  hence more accurately/in food production by 2050 protein content of grain to also drop 10-25% drop in farm incomes 5% drop in GDP food security threatened Projected Impact on Agriculture in India Projected Impact on Agriculture in India decrease in yield of crops as temperature increases in different parts of India eg. 2°C increase in/


Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson Global Climate Change Wicked Problems.

.K. China. Rearing a child. France India Canada Australia Rearing a child (carbon consciously) http://calculator.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson 1.Invest in clean energy 2.Energy efficient cars 3.Create green jobs 4.Become carbon neutral 5.Become more energy efficient 6.Protect forests 7.Tax global warming pollution 8.Coal plants use new/


INDIA CALLING OPPORTUNITIES IN TELECOM & ITES SECTOR DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA By N K GOYAL President, Communications and Manufacturing Association of India,

an open economy. Address at McKenzie Board Meeting in India 24.10.2007 Dr Manmohan Singh Hon’ble Prime Minister to Fortune Global Forum Be it FDI, investments in India’s stock markets or investment in knowledge economy, the signals are all positive. We/affecting the Earth’s climate. If current trends and policies continue, the result will be a rapidly warming world. Most of the observed warming in the past 50 years has been caused by human activities, particularly producing and consuming fossil fuels, /


Design of Appropriately Constructed Facilities to Cope With Global Warming By Ted Bremner Professor Emeritus & Honorary Research Professor University of.

1.6 2.2 0.1120 Brazil 1.4 1.9 1.3124 India 0.8 1.4 5.8145 19 Solution It is apparent from the previous table that there is no solution to global warming unless the USA and China recognize that they must take the lead in reducing it. Global warming and scarcity of water are interrelated and these two countries apparently are/


20 th Sep 2010, WRF Lecture Series, Bergen REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE OVER INDIA and Importance of High Resolution Climate Modeling to Impact Assessments.

to human activities.” IPCC (2007) “Warming is unequivocal, and most of the warming of the past 50 years is very likely (90%) due to increases in greenhouse gases.” Climate Change Science Research 20 th Sep 2010, WRF Lecture Series, Bergen Need of Climate Change Science Research … Climate change (GW) is global in nature, however, the impacts vary at regional scale India is highly vulnerable to climate/


Physical understanding of changes in extremes of precipitation with climate change Kevin E. Trenberth NCAR Physical understanding of changes in extremes.

: where does the energy perturbation come from to cause the change? 1.The flooding in Pakistan (August) and related earlier flooding in China and India (July) 2.The Russian drought, heat wave and wild fires (which is an event/ile. Alexander et al 2006 IPCC AR4 Heavy precipitation days are increasing even in places where precipitation is decreasing. Enhanced Drying over Land Under Global Warming Increased longwave radiative heating provides additional energy for surface evaporation Higher air temperatures /


Global History and Geography Regents 2009 Susan E. Hamilton Of New Hartford CSD.

pollution/global warming/depletion of resourcespollution/global warming/depletion of resources urbanizationurbanization faminefamine terrorismterrorism Turning Points  Just about any revolution can be a turning point in a/entitiled Jews in Middle Ages/pogroms in Russia/HolocaustJews in Middle Ages/pogroms in Russia/Holocaust Apartheid: blacks in South AfricaApartheid: blacks in South Africa Untouchables in IndiaUntouchables in India Students in China (Cultural Rev./Tiananmen Square)Students in China (/


1 7. Global Warming, Uncertainty, Irreversibility & LongTerm Policymaking (SPRING 2006) Larry D. Sanders Dept. of Ag Economics Oklahoma State University.

United States and other wealthy, industrialized nations such as those of western Europe but increasingly in rapidly developing nations such as China and India as well. Carbon dioxide and several other gases trap the suns heat and raise atmospheric temperature.” (17 Feb 06, The Washington Post) 13 Global Warming & Agriculture u Possible benefits: –Enhanced CO 2 assimilation –Longer growing seasons –Increased precipitation u Possible/


80 million babies born every year –Mostly in developing world, so less impact 20% of population consume 85% world’s resources –20% is in Industrialized.

threatened by: –Increasing population –Diversions of surface supply (agriculture) 40% world’s harvests come from irrigation USA, China & India facing reduced g.w. supplies –These three nations produce ½ the world’s food Last ½ 20 th C, amount of /Along with acid rain and climate change, boreal forest may not last another 50 years (Global warming a huge threat) –In Northern Ontario, average temps up 1.5% in the 1990s. Accelerated evaporation from forest by 50%. Massive fires eliminated large portions of /


What is the nature of El Niño and how is it predicted? Emilia Jin Lecture11: Sep 30, 2008 CLIM 101: Weather, Climate and Global Society.

than average trade winds tend to push the warm surface layer of the ocean (upper few 100 meters) towards the western end, creating a thick warm layer. It has higher than average precipitation in Australia, India & Indonesia. El Niño: Weaker /El Niño Prediction Effects of SST Anomaly (Trenberth, et al. 1998) Northward Propagating Rossby-Wave Train Tropical Convection Global Impact Observations TheoryModeling The “Charney” Diagram El Niño prediction depends on observed data and numerical models. Reliable data /


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