Ppt on forest fire in india

Impact of climate Change on forest ecosystems in India Rajiv Kumar Chaturvedi National Environmental Sciences Fellow Indian Institute of Science Bangalore.

)Lack of landscape/district/watershed level vulnerability Assessment 7)In sufficient representation of Nitrogen Cycle, Fire/ Pest dynamics in the DGVMs Validation of LPJ model for India Vegetation Type as per FSI (Champion & Seth) /DISTRIBUTION IN INDIA 25/07/14 1 = stable grids 2=forest grids undergoing change Chaturvedi et al., 2011 MAN-MADE DISTURBANCE AND FOREST FRAGMENTATION FOREST VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE, ARISES DUE TO HUMAN FACTORS OF DEFORESTATION, FOREST DEGRADATION AND FOREST FRAGMENTATION /


NATIONALISM IN INDIA IN INDIA NATIONALISM. Nationalism is the feeling of oneness among the people living in a territory.

Satyagraha FIRST THREE SATYAGRAHA MOVEMENTS ORGANISED BY GANDHIJI IN INDIA Champaran Movement [1916]: It was a movement of workers in the indigo plantations of the Champaran district of /also present in the park. General Dyer reached the meeting place along with the British troops. He ordered the troops to fire. The firing lasted for /. People broke salt law in many places. Foreign goods were boycotted. Liquor shops were picketed. Government servants resigned their jobs. Forest laws were broken. People /


Elephant distribution and habitat preferences in the Western Ghats of Karnataka from the available direct and indirect evidences PRESENTED BY: DR. CHITTARANJAN.

In India elephant range area - 110000 km 2  Schedule – 1 in WPA and endangered – IUCN  28+2 elephant reserves Foothills of Himalayas (1700) North Eastern states (9000-9500) Andaman Islands (40) Western and Eastern Ghats (14000) East central India (2650) Asian elephants - Habitat  Dependant on the wetter mixed deciduous and semi-evergreen forest/ fire  If yes then which parameter has overriding effect on elephant distribution? Datasets  Secondary data  Elephant location  LULC of study area  Fire data/


BET India Module 1 Understanding the Links between Ecosystem Services and Business Main Presentation December 2012.

The forests in India cater to the direct livelihood needs of about 200 million people in about 1.73 lakh villages residing in and around forest areas. Sources: Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, /forest area is prone to forest fires.  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimated huge loss of biodiversity for biodiversity-rich mega diverse countries such as India because of higher greenhouse gas emissions. Sources: Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests/


Entire Year Environmental Review. SUSTAINABLE To use resources in such a way as to meet needs now and provide for needs in the future. Without depleting.

population growth (ZPG) Crude birth rate (BR) Crude death rate (DR) Fig. 11.5, p. 241 China India USA Indonesia Brazil Pakistan Russia Bangladesh Japan Nigeria 2000 2025 1.26 billion 1.4 billion 1 billion 1.4 billion 276/typhoons, tornadoes, and violent storms Water Resources Changes in water supply Decreased water quality Increased drought Increased flooding Forests Changes in forest composition and locations Disappearance of some forests Increased fires from drying Loss of wildlife habitat and species Sea/


Environmental Knowledge for Disaster Risk Management Challenges in Integrating Geospatial Technologies P. S. Roy Indian Institute of.

Disasters - Flood, Drought GHGs & Other Gases - Variability of atmospheric CO/ CO 2 / NO 2 / CH 4 Biomass burning/ forest fire Terrestrial Carbon Atmospheric Aerosols & Trace gases Impact on Food Security Hydrology Coastal Zone Ocean Productivity Land Surface Changes in Regional Climate Simulations over India Role of Indian Ocean in Climate variability Monitoring the Agents of Climate Change Modeling the impact of climate change Wetlands Geomorphology/


FOREST AND WILDLIFE Skanda S Shenoy X standard Vikasa High School Alkola, Shimoga – 577 204.

Nagaland 143211434827 Orissa 4720547145-60 Punjab 1343 0 Rajasthan 1283513099264 Sikkim 3033311986 Tamil Nadu 177131772613 Tripura 553555383 AFFORESTATION The development of forests on wastelands is usually known as afforestation In India, Wasteland Development Programme is being and overseen by National Wastelands development Board (NWDB) which has adopted a mission approach/ into consideration their proper use, preservation and protection from destructive influences and misuse etc. DON’T FIRE THE FOREST


Prehistory & the Rise of Civilization

RISE OF METALLURGY & ITS IMPACT Better hunting & gathering More settled lifestyle(FC.2) Invent pottery Kiln for hotter fires & copper/oxide glaze Trinket tech. using bits of copper found while looking for flint Copper beads smelt out See /in 1948 (FC.146A) Classical India to c.1800 C.E. FC.50 THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIAN CIVILIZATION (c.1500-500B.C.E.) Introduction of coinage from Persia Fall of Indus River civilization (FC.12) Renewal of sea trade w/middle East Use of iron which can cut through rain forests/


Threatened Birds of Central India by Girish Jathar Scientist-In-Charge ENVIS-Center Bombay Natural History Society.

) Act. 1972. Some protected areas like Velavadar National Park, Gujarat holds good population. Similarly in Sailana Wildlife Sanctuary. Malabar Pied Hornbill Anthrococeros coronatus It is restricted to central and southern India Mainly found in undisturbed moist broadleaved deciduous and evergreen forests Threats – rapid degradation and fragmentation of habitat, shifting cultivation, forest fire, and logging Conservation - This species is protected under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act. 1972/


Vulnerability assessment : forest eco system Insights from a participatory assessment, Y. Ramavaram Mandal, East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh Indian.

, 13-15 th Nov, 2011, Fire Flies Ashram, Bangalore Process of Assessment Involved 2 clusters Pathakata and Dragedda in Y. Ramavarm Mandal in East Godavari district, AP Pathakata located in comparatively wider valleys and has better accessibility/in a way mirror the dynamics in the livelihood of 300 million tribal and other people depend on forest for their subsistence and livelihood. Influencing policies/ programmes like Green India Mission, which envisages taking up afforestation /eco-restoration in India/


Radio Operators Training

Forest Service Ministry of Forests RADIO OPERATIONS Ministry of Forests Information Management Group Provided by Rick Slamp Superintendent of Electronics Kamloops Forest Region Modified for Province-Wide use by RADIO OPERATIONS Ministry of Forests/ RELAY, MAYDAY RELAY, MAYDAY RELAY THIS IS CESSNA NOVEMBER JULIET INDIA (three times) MAYDAY PIPER FOXTROT X-RAY QUEBEC QUEBEC POSITION:/ shutting down power to the circuit. In addition to preventing overheating and possible. fire, this action also warns you there /


TODAY WE ARE GOING TO DO A PROJECT ON THE FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES. SO LISTEN WELL WHILE WE ARE SPEAKING. NO SHOUTING, NO GOSSIPING, JUST MAINTAIN.

, led to menacing wildfires. These fires not only kill animals, but also destroy their natural habitat. Last but not the least, the threat of poaching has been haunting the wildlife of India since ages. Even after the establishment of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, the threat of poaching has not been totally eliminated. WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES IN INDIA FOREST WILDLIFE FORESTS VANISHING FORESTS Forests cover 637,293 sq km/


MINERAL BASED INDUSTRIES

sleepers Construction HP and J & K CONSERVATION OF FORESTS Change in forest cover in tribal areas - India REASONS DIMINISHING NATURAL VEGETATION DEFORESTATION FOREST FIRES MINING OVERGRAZING CONSERVATION OF NATURAL VEGETATION Proper use of forest resources without causing any adverse effect on our economy environment Forest Research Institutes Dehradun Coimbatore Joint Forest Management Involvement of Local communities in forest conservation Allow controlled access Local institution protects degraded/


Clean Air Acts of 1955, ‘63, ‘67, ‘70, ‘77, ‘90 This was a national law instituted in the US, however many other countries followed suite soon after The.

www.epa.gov/air/caa/http://www.cleanairtrust.org/cleanairact.html http://ametsoc.org/sloan/cleanair/index.html Cuyahoga River Fire 1969 This disaster took place on the Cuyahoga River that runs through Northeast Ohio Pollution from Cleveland steel mills was /we took and gave back. This law allowed the forests to be only used as necessary by the American people and not just for economical gain. Bhopal Disaster In the region of Bhopal in India what is considered the largest industrial disaster happened on the/


Empowering forest dependent communities to govern their own natural resources in India- case study from Sarguja district, Chattisgarh Sharmistha Bose,

livelihood and NTFP contributes to about 20-40 per cent of the annual income of forest dwellers- mostly marginalised tribals  Out of 84 million Scheduled Tribes (STs) in India (Census 2001), about one third Central Indian states- Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha. Also the states richest in natural resources/minerals and among India’s poorest.  low levels of literacy, poor health status, food insecurity and low economic/


COAL MARKET IN INDIA 2012 “ Demand - Supply Gap & Technical Challenges in Augmenting Coal Production ” 10 th July, 2012 T K Mukherjee General Manager (Corporate.

abundant fuel source in India, the coal based power generation will remain strong in India ~ Coal based /in XI plan was tenancy land However, going ahead the proportion of forest land will increase It is understood that from the present proportion of 30 %, the forest land will increase to 50 % in the future years Forest Land Involvement of multiple state and central government agencies in forest/mine fire (in Jharia and Raniganj) delineated in Master Plans. Implementation of Master Plan towards fire control,/


Environmental History AP Environmental Science. Ancient Civilizations Ancient Civilizations Air pollution was common in large towns long before the industrial.

in England and the 1600s in Europe, forcing a switch to coal. Timbering in the forests of England, France, Germany leaves large tracts totally denuded by around 1550 in England and the 1600s in Europe, forcing a switch to coal. Midde Ages and Renaissance Midde Ages and Renaissance Soil conservation was not widely practiced in the Mediterranian, but cultures in China, India/. On June 22, 1969, oil and chemicals in the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio catch fire. Flames top five stories. 1970-1980 A decade/


The atmosphere is the key symbol of global interdependence. If we can’t solve some of our problems in the face of threats to this global commons, Then.

small and light enough to remain suspended in the air. Some particulates occur naturally, originating from volcanoes, dust storms, forest and grassland fires, living vegetation, and sea spray. Human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels in vehicles, power plants, various industrial /Maine are participating. 2. U.S. did not sign because developing countries such as China, India and Brazil were excluded. The Kyoto Protocol will have little effect on future global warming without support and action by the U/


Additional Surveyor General

Commonwealth Games Delhi 2010 Municipal Corporation of 23-02-2010 Department of Forests & Wildlife Police 24-02-2010 Office of the Registrar Co-operative / provided limited information. Some data/information is Still awaited. Administrative /technical boundaries in maps/ charts (if any) and their accurate transfer on DSSDI database by /Received 1 Census of India Yes   2 Commonwealth Games Delhi 2010 3 Delhi Development Authority 4 Delhi Disaster Management Authority 5 Delhi Fire Services 6 Delhi Integrated/


National Interagency Fire Center One Mission One Place.

from NIFC Have presented numerous training sessions in India over the past 2 years. National Interagency Fire Center Other Mobilizations: 9/11 Terrorist Attack – NIFC mobilized teams to respond to relief and recovery operations. Newcastle Disease – NIFC mobilized crews to conduct chicken eradication projects to stem the spread of disease. Africa Fire Planning Currently have specialists assisting Kenya Forest Department and Kenya Wildlife Service develop/


RURAL AREA Where the people are engaged in primary industry in the sense that they produce things directly for the first time in cooperation with nature.

OF RURAL PEOPLE Lifestyles in rural areas are different than those in urban areas, mainly because limited services are available. Governmental services like law enforcement, schools, fire departments, and libraries may be distant, limited in scope, or unavailable. / that the benefit-cost ratio in sericulture is highest among comparable agricultural crops Forestry in India is a significant rural industry and a major environmental resource. India is one of the ten most forest-rich countries of the world /


Dr. G.S. RAWAT & Dr. K. SANKAR WILDLIFE INSTITUTE OF INDIA, DEHRA DUN The global experiment on Savanna tree seedlings. Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan,

area among the 93 protected areas in India’s semi arid region situated in the semi arid bio-geographic zone of India (Rodgers and Panwar 1988). The/ have reached climax stage? We do not know Man made fire occurs in summer and destroy ground layer and also trees Perennial grasses are/forest Boswellia serrata forest Acacia catechu forest and Miscellaneous forest, which can be further sub-divided into three categories viz. Butea monosperma forest Forest along nallas and Scrub land GEST Wild ungulates found in/


Environmental Management and DRR in Indian Context Prof. Vinod K. Sharma Sr. Professor, Disaster Management, Indian Institute of Public Administration,

Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar Sikkim)  District level empowerment  Local level participation and action India’s Vulnerability   Floods   Droughts   Earthquakes   Landslides   Cyclones   Forest Fire   Cloud Burst   Hail storms Major Natural Disasters : 1990 - 2012 Earthquake/72°N, 88.06°E Depth19.7 km (shallow depth) Duration30-40 seconds Extent In India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and China In India, in Sikkim and northeast, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, UP, Rajasthan, Chandigarh and Delhi Source/


Aim: How has geography affected human development? Vocabulary: The bolded words in this slide show.

Impact on the Environment Resource consumption and Resource extraction Producing pollution Forest clearing Irrigation Agriculture Mining How do these activities demonstrate That humans /India?” http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4737187.stm This monsoon in Mumbai (Bombay) in India (August 2005) caused about $690 million in damage. The Deccan Plateau is in the center of India/Fire is located at the border of several tectonic plates. 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur in the Pacific Ring of Fire./


CULTURE. Literature: history The earliest - canonical Hindu sacred writings, the Veda in Sanskrit Later additions - prose commentaries, the Brāhma ṇ as.

The eventual deaths of Dhritarashtra, Gandhari and Kunti in a forest fire when they are living in a hermitage in the Himalayas. Vidura predeceases them and Sanjaya on Dhritarashtras bidding goes to live in the higher Himalayas. 15.The infighting between the/ theatre -the natyadharmi, or stylized drama Folk theatre the jatra of Bengal, the nautanki, ramlila, and raslila of North India, the bhavai of Gujarat, the tamasha of Maharashtra, the terukkuttu of Tamil Nadu, the yakshagana of Karnataka, the putliwalas /


1 IMPLEMENTATION OF MONTREAL PROTOCOL IN INDIA Ozone Cell Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests.

India ratified Copenhagen Amendment (1992), Montreal Amendment (1997) and Beijing Amendment (1999).  November 1993 : India’s Country Programme was prepared.  January 2006 : India’s Country Programme was updated. 6 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IN INDIA  Ozone Cell is established under the Ministry of Environment & Forests/-11, CFC-12Hydrocarbon Aerosol Propellants (HAPs) SolventCTC, Methyl Chloroform Trichloroethylene, Hexane Fire Ext.Halon-1211, Halon-1301 ABC Powder, CO2, HFCs Q&PMethyl BromideYet to/


Chapter 20 Climate Change and Ozone Depletion. Chapter Overview Questions  How have the earth’s temperature and climate changed in the past?  How might.

solar, snowfall, and forest fire activity. solar, snowfall, and forest fire activity. Figure 20-3 How Do We Know What Temperatures Were in the Past?  In 2005, an ice core showed that CO 2 levels in the troposphere are the highest they have been in 650,000 years. Figure /burden of this treaty. b. Yes. We should participate, but only if India, China, and all other nations fairly participate. b. Yes. We should participate, but only if India, China, and all other nations fairly participate. c. Yes. As the /


LIVING IN THE ENVIRONMENT 17 TH MILLER/SPOOLMAN Chapter 10 Sustaining Terrestrial Biodiversity: The Ecosystem Approach.

all types of forest ownership around the world. PEFCPrimarily focuses on forests in the European Union. Currently expanding to Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, India, Japan, Malaysia, Morocco, Philippines. SFIPrimarily focuses on industrial forests in the United States/ We Can Improve the Management of Forest Fires The Smokey Bear educational campaign Prescribed fires Allow fires on public lands to burn Protect structures in fire-prone areas Thin forests in fire-prone areas We Can Reduce the Demand/


The mock will focus on the three topics below in green UNIT 1 Restless Earth Living World Water On the Land UNIT 2 Population Change Changing Urban Environments.

= 300,000 Industries like Mitsubishi and Panasonic were forced to close. Long-term Fires raged for days destroying 7500 houses (many of them wooden Hanshin expressway and bridges / Serious injuries: 650 000 4500 fishing boats destroyed in India Fresh water reservoirs unusable for drinking water. Bodies littered the streets Injured people wounds/of money. Energy $2bn Bakun Dam project flooded thousands of hectares of forest to provide hydroelectric power for new industries. 9000 Kenyah people have been forced/


80 million babies born every year –Mostly in developing world, so less impact 20% of population consume 85% world’s resources –20% is in Industrialized.

by: –Increasing population –Diversions of surface supply (agriculture) 40% world’s harvests come from irrigation USA, China & India facing reduced g.w. supplies –These three nations produce ½ the world’s food Last ½ 20 th C, amount of/ survive swim upstream –Ripple effect in ocean food chain if salmon stocks reduced Winter recreation areas economically impacted by warmer winters Freak weather systems & devastating storms more likely More droughts and forest fires Benefits Tree line could be extended/


1 GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION MITIGATION THROUGH AMINE BASED CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE IN COAL FIRED ELECTRICITY GENERATION PLANTS Tanuja Bhattacharjee st104547.

% of total emission from the same sector in 2020 Results 4- contd. 14 Conclusion Total CO 2 emission (450 MtCO 2/ yr) from coal fired power generation (in India, Bangladesh, Thailand and Vietnam) would be double in 2020 (885 MtCO 2 ) In 2020, around 600 MtCO 2 /yr is/potential Option 1 Option 2 19 emission and mitigation are going as usual…….. consequence…. Today 28GtCO 2 Rest ???? Ocean - 7.4 GTCO 2 Forest- 5.5 GTCO 2 Rest ???? ( More than 5-10 GtCO 2 need to be mitigated ) CCS- present potential 2.5 GtCO 2/


TITLE: FORESTS AND WILDLIFE AUTHOR’S NAME: DHANYA MANOOR AFFILIATION: STUDENT (10 TH STANDARD, VIKASA HIGH SCHOOL ) ADDRESS: VIKASA HIGH SCHOOL, ALKOLA,

Industries.  Over grazing by cattle.  Irrigation and power projects.  Forest fire, floods etc. CONSERVATION OF FORESTS 1. Nationalization of forest operations 2. Protection and operation of wild life and environment. 3. Commercialization of Industrial forest operation. 4. Raising the forest area to 33.3% of land of India. 5. Social forestry SOME OF THE FACTS REGARDING THESE FORESTS Forests in India that constitutes about 2% of the World’s total area/


Individuals Matter: Wangari Maathari and Kenya’s Green Belt Movement Green Belt Movement: 1977-today Self-help group of women in Kenya Success of tree.

certifies manufacturers of wood products We Can Improve the Management of Forest Fires The Smokey Bear educational campaign Forest fire prevention program Gave all forest fires a negative public view We NEED fires!!! Why? Refer to previous slides How can we reduce fire-related harm to forests? Prescribed fires Allow fires on public lands to burn Protect structures in fire-prone areas Thin forests in fire-prone areas We Can Reduce the Demand for Harvested Trees/


SINGAPORE - Every two years, Indonesia loses about 15,500 square miles of forest, an area roughly the size of Switzerland, to logging. Skies in northern.

travel across the Earth, they now say that aerosol clouds can too. "Biomass burning" from forest fires, vegetation clearing and fossil fuel was just as much to blame for the shrouding haze as /India. Many people in India are poor. They do not want to do anything that would slow down economic growth. For this reason, it has been difficult for the Indian government to enforce many of the laws on industry and transportation that might improve the country’s air. In rural areas, many families cook over open fires/


80 million babies born every year –Mostly in developing world, so less impact 20% of population consume 85% world’s resources –20% is in Industrialized.

by: –Increasing population –Diversions of surface supply (agriculture) 40% world’s harvests come from irrigation USA, China & India facing reduced g.w. supplies –These three nations produce ½ the world’s food Last ½ 20 th C, amount of/ survive swim upstream –Ripple effect in ocean food chain if salmon stocks reduced Winter recreation areas economically impacted by warmer winters Freak weather systems & devastating storms more likely More droughts and forest fires Benefits Tree line could be extended/


Mr. Joystu Dutta and Dr. Pramod Kumar Ecology and Environment Division

Forest fires often intentional and instigated by locals. Limitation of knowledge. Villager Rehabilitation Programmes. Research Activities. Wildlife tourism and interpretation. Lack of eco-development planning and activities. Concerns for Conservation !! The two conservation reserves – Jhilmil Jheel in Haridwar and Asan Barrage in Dehra Dun districts – are being established under the 2003 parliamentary amendment made in/. Land use conflicts are common, and in India’s wetland-rich landscape some of the /


Kyoto and Beyond The 5th installment in an ongoing series on multilateral agreements related to climate change www.isciences.com November 7 th, 2011.

Examples include: An increase of veld fires in the Western Cape Severe drought in the Eastern Cape Exceptionally heavy rain throughout the nation Drastic changes in farming production causing a significant rise in food prices. Impacts of Climate Change /the National Development and Reform Commission of China), and J.M. Mauskar (Special Secretary for Environment and Forests of India). Ministers agreed on the importance of reaching an international agreement centered on sustainable development at COP17. They /


ROAD TO LIMA www.isciences.com November 19, 2014 The 13 th installment in an ongoing series on multilateral agreements related to climate change.

have created much-needed momentum towards a “last chance” summit in Paris, but India and the rest of the world must commit. Watch for ISciences/ GlobalPost. Sept. 21, 2014. With its green cred under fire, Peru prepares to host UN climate talks. http://www.globalpost.com/Forests. http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/FORESTS-New-York- Declaration-on-Forests.pdfhttp://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/09/FORESTS-New-York- Declaration-on-Forests/


Chapter 3, Ancient India.

members. Authorities say Subhash Chander of Oak Forest said he was angry his daughter -- Monika Rani -- had married Rajesh Kumar because Kumar belonged to a lower caste in Chanders native India. Rani, Kumar and the couples 3-year-old son died in the fire. The caste system was outlawed in India 60 years ago but it remains a strong force in India and even among some recent immigrants to/


India during the Classical Period

king, Kanishka, also converted to Buddhism causing Buddhism to decline in India because it became associated with outsiders. India during the Classical Period When the Kushan kingdom collapsed around 220 CE, India went through another long period of fragmentation, turbulence, and political / utterly destroyed (his) enemies, like (the remnant of the great glowing heat) of a burned-out fire in a great forest, even now leaves not the earth; though he, the king, as if wearied, has quit this earth, and has/


GOFC-GOLD Fire: an International Program for the Coordination of Fire Observations C. O. Justice University of Maryland, Department of Geography I. Csiszar.

Sensing Redlatif Workshop –10/22/2008 – 10/24/2008 Buenos Aires, Argentina 7th International Workshop of the EARSeL Special Interest Group on Forest Fires –9/2/2009 – 9/5/2009, Matera, Italy Monitoring land cover, land use and fire in agricultural and semi- arid regions of Northern Eurasia (NASA LCLUC, GOFC, MAIRS) –9/15/2009 – 9/20/2009, Almaty, Kazakhstan EUMETSAT Training Workshop “MSG/


Poverty Alleviation and Forest Conservation- A Case Study

million people in the cottage industry of rolling the final product. NTFP collection accounts for 1063 million person-days (2.9 million persons years) of employment in India Exploring potential of forests Among the Non-Wood Forest Products (/Production of Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus, etc.) 9,472 Fodder Development Production of Grass 323 Forest Development and Management Fire Damage Prevention 212 Carbon Sequestration 675 Soil Conservation 712 Wildlife Conservation and Management Ecotourism Development/


Hinduism Hinduism is a religion that began in India.

’ to the fire in order to obtain the blessings of higher beings. Fire is considered the witness to the ritual. The bride and groom walk around the fire four times, /wrinkled’. The word ‘Vanaprastha’ literally means ‘the forest dweller’; in ancient times, the householder would retire and live in the forest to contemplate and meditate. Today it can be taken/the real nature of these qualities, we can find God. Two recent movements in India that promoted this approach are the Arya Samaj and the Brahmo Samaj, and /


BATTLES OF WORLD WAR I.

, briefing of the frontline troops, the use of counter-battery fire measures and constant patrolling of the enemy defenses all contributed to /African colonies – usually in support roles (construction, guard duty) – more than 2 ½ million participated in some way Britain mobilized forces from India to fight against the Ottomans in the Middle East / Argonne Forest – Sept.-Oct., 1918 · The battle was fought in an attempt to push Germany further out of France. American gunners battle through the Argonne Forest. ·/


Environmental Issues in China. Introduction/Overview.

made As many as five million deaths are caused by air pollution every year in India Cities in India, such as Bombay and Calcutta, are below safety limits for pollutants Much of India’s pollution come from motor vehicles Air pollution Most severe enviormental health problem 3/that you should avoid all physical activity outside. The only time any American city ever reached 300 was in the midst of a forest fire Effects of Air Pollution Up to 656,000 premature deaths each year – China has the world’s highest /


Climate Change and the Green India Mission Presentation by Dr Arvind Kumar Jha, IFS, commissioner, TRTI, Pune.

the species ; increased occurrences of fire, pest /diseases and invasive species. Changes in species assemblage/forest type, NPP, forest die back and loss of biodiversity. Forest dependent livelihoods may get severely affected, enhancing vulnerability of local communities. ( Stern 2007) Green cover & its contribution Forests meet 40% of overall energy needs and 80% of rural energy needs (NAPCC document) Change in carbon stocks in India forests ( Million tons) 1995= 6245, 2005/


Sustainable Development and Driving Technology Advances in Future Energy A Frost & Sullivan Market Insight By Pinaki Bhadury Frost & Sullivan (I) Pvt.

Mining Land: Disturbance of land, forests and biodiversity Water: Depletion of aquifers and changes in drainage pattern. Deterioration in quality of water in receiving water bodies due to mine//Management – has the potential to save energy demand by at least 20% Coal & Gas Fired Plants Energy Supercritical Cycle IGCC Coal to Liquid (CTL) Coal to Gas (CTG) Coal Bed/national grid of large plants will go in a long way in its growth Distributed Generation With about 18-20 percent (in India it is as high as 30 – /


Dry Forest Characteristics Extend periods of little precipitation (>140 days) < 2.5” precipitation per dry period. Total precipitation less important.

snails Trees <4in. That Survived a Fire Individual Trees Fires Recorded on The Same Tree Date Active fire suppression began in about 1900 and has been extremely effective. Average Size of 14,001 Fires = 16 acres Cubic ft. per acre Year Cycles in Productivity Force Out Biomass in pulses Dry Forest Favorable Environment No Longer supported by Environment Required Fire Cycle Dry Forest Fire Cycle Biomass accumulation IIIIII e Klamath Province/


Chapter 16 Climate Change and Ozone Depletion. Chapter Overview Questions  How have the earth’s temperature and climate changed in the past?  How might.

. solar, snowfall, and forest fire activity. solar, snowfall, and forest fire activity. How Do We Know What Temperatures Were in the PAST?  In 2005, an ice core showed that CO 2 levels in the troposphere are the highest they have been in 650,000 years. Figure 16/ U.S. did not sign because developing countries such as China, India and Brazil were excluded.U.S. did not sign because developing countries such as China, India and Brazil were excluded. Moving Beyond the Kyoto Protocol  Countries could/


Community Oriented Integrated Ecosystem Approach for Conservation and Sustainable Management of Forest Genetic Resources: Challenges in Biodiversity Conservation.

Forest Genetic Resources: Challenges in Biodiversity Conservation in Natural Tropical ForestIndia Dr R K Pandey Head, Forest Ecology & Environment Division Madhya Pradesh State Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, India (pandeyrk1@yahoo.com) 1 India has a long history of conservation and management of biodiversity/medicinal & aromatic plants. 2 SFRI, Jabalpur India/ trade 11 SFRI, Jabalpur Unregulated biotic factors Forest land diversion, grazing, fire etc. Habitat loss Emergence of ecologically non congenial /


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