Ppt on electronics and telecommunication

9. ENTERPRISE NETWORKING & THE INTERNET. ENTERPRISE NETWORK HARDWARE; SOFTWARE; TELECOMMUNICATIONS, DATA RESOURCESHARDWARE; SOFTWARE; TELECOMMUNICATIONS,

TELECOMMUNICATIONS, DATA RESOURCESHARDWARE; SOFTWARE; TELECOMMUNICATIONS, / PERSON -TO-PERSON MESSAGING; DOCUMENT SHARING USERNET NEWSGROUPS USERNET NEWSGROUPS ELECTRONIC BULLETIN BOARDS ELECTRONIC BULLETIN BOARDS CHATTING CHATTING INTERACTIVE CONVERSATIONS INTERACTIVE CONVERSATIONS TELNET TELNET LOG ON/CONTROL PROTOCOL / INTERNET PROTOCOL (TCP / IP) 4. NETWORK INTERFACE: Handles Addressing and Interface Between Computer & Network 5. PHYSICAL NET: Defines Electrical Transmission Characteristics for Sending /


Chapter 5 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE (E-COMMERCE). What is e-commerce? A general term for any type of business / commercial transactions that involves the transfer.

Orders can be accepted, confirmed, processed & increasingly paid for within an electronic environment (electronic commerce system reduces cost!) Reduce Inventory ◦ Shorter & faster supply chains/exchange – information must travel from one company’s computer to another over a telecommunication network. ◦ Standard business documents – restricted to standard business form such as / is being transmitted. Works in a concept called ‘ hub and spoke’ manner Purchasing of indirect materials (MRO) Involves negotiation /


Enhanced Data Cabling Installer ETA International currently offers the technical certifications listed below. Fiber Optics Cable Installer Electronic.

Fiber Optics Cable Installer - $225.00 Electronic Security Alarm Installer - $225.00 Telecommunications Technician - $225.00 Wireless Communications Technician/ - (Available Soon) Network Administration Technician - (Available Soon) Please arrive at the exam site at least 15 minutes prior to the scheduled exam. Bring with you the following items: A current photo ID The exam fee, or a receipt of payment of the exam fee A calculator, and/


TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA - REGULATORY DEVELOPMENTS AND MARKET OVERVIEW – TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA -

Communications which came into effect in July 2010, replacing the former Republic Telecommunication Agency, established in accordance with the 2003 Telecommunications Law. Aim: to ensure optimal and realistic conditions for further development and application of electronic communications (information and communication systems - ICS) and services and therefore accelerate the realization of all benefits and advantages of the Information Society, in accordance with the Digital Agenda of the Republic of/


University Federico II Dept of Electronics and Telecommunications Paolo Spirito Power Semiconductor Devices 1 Review of basic of power amplifiers for analog.

W in the steady state to transfer a max power of 50 W to the load! University Federico II Dept of Electronics and Telecommunications Paolo Spirito Power Semiconductor Devices 6 Class B operation In class B operation the device (here it is assumed a /by the two supplies, one has: Then, the max output power on the load is: University Federico II Dept of Electronics and Telecommunications Paolo Spirito Power Semiconductor Devices 8 Power balance in class B amplifiers The power balance of the class B circuit is:/


Welcome!!! Trade and Technology Department Advisory Council.

hours to practice the skills competencies.  Alignment of the courses for third party certification preparation. * Fiber Optics Installer (FOI) by ETA * Telecommunication Technician (TCM) by ETA  Rapid technological changes Digital Communication Gadgets (cellphones, tablets and telephones) RF communication (UHF and HF) Electronics Program Challenges  Need more hands-on hours to practice the skills competencies.  Alignment of the courses for third party certification preparation. * Associate/


© Copyright 1998-2001 International Telecommunication Union (ITU). All Rights Reserved page - 1 Alexander NTOKO Project Manager, ITU Electronic Commerce.

(ITU). All Rights Reserved page - 6 Certification – The Framework for Global Trust Establishing the identities of entities in electronic transactions… … ITU-T X.509 enables authentication for e-business e-government e-learning and e-procurement etc… © Copyright 1998-2001 International Telecommunication Union (ITU). All Rights Reserved page - 7 … as a result of the ITU-WISeKey Partnership Agreement, EC-DC has expanded from/


Promoting Competition in the New EU Member States Electronic Communications Sector Institutional Aspects Anna Pisarkiewicz European University Institute.

is completed 3.Legal weaponry as an instrument to improve market situation 4.Multi-level adoption and application of numerous rules that market players have to comply with: national, European and international. [1][1] Nihoul, P. and P. Rodford (2004). EU Electronic Communications Law: Competition and Regulation in the European Telecommunications Market, Oxford University Press. [1] Effective dealing with an increased number of disputes: various (institutional/


Telecommunications and Networks

. Communications software refers to programs that make it possible to transmit data. Telecommunications Telecommunications Telecommunication medium The electronic transmission of signals for communications, including such means as: Telephone Radio Television Telecommunication medium Anything that carries an electronic signal and interfaces between a sending device and a receiving device Communications and Telecommunications In human speech, the sender transmits a signal through the transmission medium of/


© 1998-2002 Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) page - 1 Alexander NTOKO Head, E-Strategy Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau A Multi-Lateral.

live PKI demo at the ITU-WISeKey Secure Electronic Commerce Partnership Workshop at the ITU HQ in Nov 2000 © 1998-2002 Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) page - 15 The Status of Activities o Received award at Global Bangmann Projects Challenge in June 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. o Operational infrastructure projects in Africa, Asia Latin America and Arab Region. o 12 additional countries (including 4/


1 Office of Electronic Communications Inventory of Telecommunications Infrastructure in Poland Article 29 of Broadband Act.

, called Broadband Act. 4 Article 29 of the Broadband Act  Provides a legal basis of drawing up the inventory of existing telecommunications infrastructure and public telecommunications networks on the territory of Poland (in electronic form) with a separate indication of coverage of the country by: optic links; wireless networks; building to enable collocation.  Obligated to forward the President of the OEC of data on/


Information Systems, Tenth Edition

need the communications capabilities provided by telecommunications and networks Information Systems, Tenth Edition An Overview of Telecommunications Electronic transmission of signals for communications Telecommunications medium: Any material substance that carries an electronic signal to support communications between a sending and receiving device Networking protocol: Set of rules, algorithms, messages, and other mechanisms that enable software and hardware in networked devices to communicate effectively/


Principles of Information Systems Ninth Edition

applications that organizations benefit from today Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition An Overview Of Telecommunications Electronic transmission of signals for communications Telecommunications medium Any material substance that carries an electronic signal to support communications between a sending and receiving device Telecommunications protocol Defines set of rules that governs the exchange of information over a communications medium Principles of Information Systems, Ninth/


Telecommunications and Networks

communications Telephone Radio Television Lessens barriers of time and distance Telecommunications Data communications Telecommunications media Specialized subset of telecommunications Includes the electronic collection, processing, and distribution of data Telecommunications media Anything that carries an electronic signal and interfaces between a sending device and a receiving device Elements of a Telecommunications System [Figure 6.3] Analog and Digital Signals Continuous fluctuations over time between/


1 © 2000, Cisco Systems, Inc. CALEA_NANOG_2000_0611.ppt Impact of CALEA on Network Operators What it is and what it ain’t Chip Sharp Cisco System, Inc.

offering of a capability for generating, acquiring, storing, transforming, processing, retrieving, utilizing, or making available information via telecommunications; and (B) includes-- (i) a service that permits a customer to retrieve stored information from, or file information for storage in, information storage facilities; (ii) electronic publishing; and (iii) electronic messaging services; but 8 CALEA_NANOG_2000_0611.ppt © 2000, Cisco Systems, Inc. Information Service (cont.) (C) does not include/


State of Israel Ministry of Communications 1 Telecommunications Industry in Israel august 2002 Ministry of Communications.

1 operator, 0.3 million subscribers State of Israel Ministry of Communications 7 Telecommunications Industry State of Israel Ministry of Communications 8 Israels Electronics Industries Source: IAEI, 2002 Combined 2001 sales - $14.25 billion, of/ start-ups. Innovative, technology-intensive activity, representing several technology breakthroughs. Major international activity: Strategic alliances and joint ventures. Raising capital - venture, seed & risk investments. State of Israel Ministry of Communications /


Copyright Ken Fletcher 2003 Australian Computer Security Pty Ltd Printed 25-Jun-15 02:40 1 Prepared for: Monash University Subj: CSE5806 Telecommunications.

Membership open to any user of Australian telecommunications systems including private and public companies, carriers and service providers and individuals 58 Copyright Ken Fletcher 2003 Australian Computer Security Pty Ltd Printed 25-Jun-15 02:40 Prepared for: Monash University Subj: CSE5806 Telecommunications Management AEEMA and ATIA n Australian Electrical & Electronic Manufacturers Association –Represents the Australian electrical and electronic industries on range of policy, technical/regulatory/


Copyright Ken Fletcher 2004 Australian Computer Security Pty Ltd Printed 30-Jun-15 01:01 1 Prepared for: Monash University Subj: CSE5806 Telecommunications.

Membership open to any user of Australian telecommunications systems including private and public companies, carriers and service providers and individuals 24 Copyright Ken Fletcher 2004 Australian Computer Security Pty Ltd Printed 30-Jun-15 01:01 Prepared for: Monash University Subj: CSE5806 Telecommunications Management AEEMA and ATIA n Australian Electrical & Electronic Manufacturers Association –Represents the Australian electrical and electronic industries on range of policy, technical/regulatory/


LAWS & ACCESSIBILITY Part 2. Telecommunications & Electronic & Information Technology Support for this work cam from NSF grant DUE 0088807 for the development.

can be seriously affected even after production, if information is not provided in an effective manner.” Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 http://www.access-board.gov/telecomm/html/telfinal.htm Accessibility requirements for Federal departments and agencies that use electronic and information technology. Section 508 of The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 “Section 508 requires that when Federal agencies develop, procure/


InternationalTelecommunicationUnion Regional Office for Asia and Pacific Bangkok, Thailand.

generated, sent, received or stored by electronic, optical or similar means including, but not limited to, electronic data interchange (EDI), e-mail, telegram, telex or telecopy’ International Telecommunication Union 5 Results of a survey on/ critical elements for seamless links with businesses, consumers, & the international financial community to allow efficient transactions and to participate in the digital economy. Access to Information & Communication Technology (ICT)* infrastructure & EC services/


Course Instructors: Dr. Mohammad Aref, Dr. Mirsobit Mirusmonov, Dr. AbdelKader Dekdouk, Dr. Hedi Haddad, and Dr. Tareq Alhousary (coordinator) Business.

host Ring topology – each computer or workstation is connected to two other computers, with the entire network forming a circle Hybrid topology – combine network layout types to meet their needs Telecommunication and Computer Networks Network Topologies Telecommunication and Computer Networks NETWORKING HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE Hub – electronic device (with a number of ports) used in a LAN to link groups of computers Repeaters (also called amplifiers/


Economic and political situation to a potential investor and his partners in a telecommunication industry in Slovakia Make a presentation BSBCMM401A Certificate.

authorities According to the law: State administration authorities in the area of electronic communications are as follows: 1. Ministry of Transport, Posts and Telecommunications of the Slovak Republic, 2. Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic. State administration authorities The Authority is the national regulatory authority and pricing authority in the area of electronic communications which, pursuant to this Act Performs regulation, Provides for international relations/


Day 1: 1. OVERVIEW OF ICT 1.1. Definition of ICT I.C.T. stands for Information and Communications Technology. It replaces the term I.T. (Information Technology)

combine information on soils, hydro-geology and rainfall with socio- economic data, allowing early warnings. 1.2.7 ICT for Tourism Attracting more tourists and other visitors by offering high-quality information and telecommunication services in tourist resorts; Reducing the/cannot simply be connected to each other over a telephone line, because computers communicate by sending digital electronic pulses (electronic signals), and a telephone line can send only analog waves (sound). As shown in Figure 4.2, the/


WuArchivalContr.ppt-1 Information Technology & Telecommunications Laboratory Presidential Electronic Records Pilot Operating System (PERPOS) William Underwood.

decision support tools  Pilot testing at the Bush Presidential Library Information Technology & Telecommunications Laboratory wuArchivalContr.ppt-3 Presidential Electronic Records Project Objective: Identify opportunities for applying information technology to gain intellectual and physical control over Presidential electronic records created on PCs. Tasks:  Analyzed digital documents from Bush PC hard drives.  Analyzed archival (Presidential Library) processes to determine opportunities for supporting/


Telecommunications Overview Chapter 1. Objectives In this chapter, you will learn to: Define communication and telecommunication Illustrate components.

works Familiarity with wireless transmission methods Careers in Telecommunications Areas within the field of telecommunications that you might consider specializing in: Networked convergence of voice, video, and data Electronics and circuit design and engineering Development of telephony and computer applications Wireless telephony and networking Information security Careers in Telecommunications Telecommunications Standard Organization Standards - documented agreements containing technical specifications/


Telecommunications Overview Chapter 1. Objectives In this chapter, you will learn to: Define communication and telecommunication Illustrate components.

works Familiarity with wireless transmission methods Careers in Telecommunications Areas within the field of telecommunications that you might consider specializing in: Networked convergence of voice, video, and data Electronics and circuit design and engineering Development of telephony and computer applications Wireless telephony and networking Information security Careers in Telecommunications Telecommunications Standard Organization Standards - documented agreements containing technical specifications/


Chapter 1 Introduction UniMAP EKT 440 Telecommunication Switch Networks.

devices. Communications software refers to programs that make it possible to transmit data. TelecommunicationsTelecommunications  The electronic transmission of signals for communications, including such means as: Telephone Radio Television  Telecommunication medium Anything that carries an electronic signal and interfaces between a sending device and a receiving device Communications and Telecommunications In human speech, the sender transmits a signal through the transmission medium of the/


EE 3131 EE 3801 Telecommunications Fundamentals Professor Wei Jin and Dr. Alan Pak Tao Lau Department of Electrical Engineering The Hong Kong Polytechnic.

disturbances in the earth’s atmosphere due to, e.g. lightning, etc. Telecommunications Internal Noise Internal noise is produced by electronic circuits. There are two types of internal noise: thermal noise and shot noise. Telecommunications Thermal Noise Thermal noise is generated in a resistive component due to the rapid and random motion of electrons and atoms inside the component. This motion increases with increasing temperature (hence, “thermal/


1 Complexity, system-level design and traffic management Current design approaches do not keep pace with the growing system complexity. Although design.

ASTM Digital Library AWS - American Welding Society AWWA - American Water Works Association BOCA - Building Officials and Code Administrators Intl BSI - British Standards Institution CEA - Consumer Electronics Association CECC - CENELEC Electronic Components Committee CEN - European Committee for Standardization CEPT - Conference of European Postal and Telecommunications Administration CGSB - Canadian General Standards Board CIE - International Commission on Illumination CSA - Canadian Standards Association/


Information Technology Concepts Telecommunication & Network ทัศนวรรณ ศูนย์กลาง ภาควิชาคอมพิวเตอร์ คณะ วิทยาศาสตร์

3: …… Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: …… Protocol Media Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition 7 An Overview Of Telecommunications TelecommunicationsElectronic transmission of signals for communications Telecommunications medium –Any material substance that carries an electronic signal to support communications between a sending and receiving device Telecommunications protocol –Defines set of rules that governs the exchange of information over a communications medium Principles of Information Systems/


International frameworks APT-ITU workshop on the International Telecommunications Regulations Bangkok, 6-8 February 2012 Richard Hill, ITU.

mobile operator while keeping their old phone number. New guarantees for an open and more "neutral" net and better access to emergency services, National telecoms regulators will gain greater independence and functional separation as a means to overcome competition problems. A new European Telecommunications Authority: "BEREC" (Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications). New EU telecoms rules will give the Commission the power to oversee/


2 Information Systems Chapter 6 Telecommunications and Networks.

2 Information Systems Chapter 6 Telecommunications and Networks Principles of Information Systems, Ninth Edition3 An Overview Of Telecommunications TelecommunicationsElectronic transmission of signals for communications Telecommunications medium –Any material substance that carries an electronic signal to support communications between a sending and receiving device Telecommunications protocol –Defines set of rules that governs the exchange of information over a communications medium Principles of /


Principles of Information Systems, Seventh Edition2 Effective communications are essential to organizational success Define the terms communications and.

Edition6 Figure 6.2: Communications and Telecommunications Principles of Information Systems, Seventh Edition7 An Overview Of Communications Systems (continued) Communications can be synchronous or asynchronous Synchronous communications: the receiver gets the message instantaneously Asynchronous communications: the receiver gets the message some period of time after it is sent Principles of Information Systems, Seventh Edition8 Telecommunications Telecommunications: electronic transmission of signals for/


SABIEDRISKO PAKALPOJUMU REGULESANAS KOMISIJA Andrejs Dombrovskis expert Telecommunications and Postal Department Public Utilities Commission Electronic.

this year ∆more than 80 new general authorisations already registered ∆strengthened regulation for access and interconnection Markets and SMP Licensing and allocation of scarce resources Access, interconnection, facility sharing and leased lines Tariff and cost allocation methodologies Universal service REGULATIONS QoS requirements and testing Dispute resolution and complaints telecommunications | electronic communications (iv) 12 conclusions comparatevely short period of application of old new framework/


International Telecommunication Union Accra, Ghana, 16-17 June 2009 Towards Cyber Security - Kenyan Experience Christopher Kemei, Asst. Director Licensing.

Communications Amendment Act, 2009 Cont’ CCK is to promote public confidence in the integrity and reliability of electronic records and e- transactions; CCK is to develop sound frameworks to minimize the incidence of forged electronic records and fraud in e-commerce and other e-transactions. Accra, Ghana, 16-17 June 2009 6 International Telecommunication Union Kenya Communications Amendment Act, 2009 Cont’ The following acts are proscribed: Unauthorized/


CT0004NI – L.03 – Telecommunications Systems - pp 1/50 Telecommunications Systems Saroj Regmi Lecture 03 CT0004NI Principles of Comms Systems By: Dr. N.

(s).  Examples: ‘Hi-Fi System’, ‘PC System’, ‘Banking System’, ‘Economic System’, ‘Analogue System’, ‘Digital System’, Telecommunications System, and many more. System Specifics By: Dr. N. Ioannides (Feb. 2010) CT0004NI – L.03 – Telecommunications Systems - pp 6/50 In electronics, system inputs and outputs are referred to as Signals. Signals can be either Analogue or Digital:  Analogue Signals: Current or Voltage variations in a wire (or light/


1.  Chorus’ increasingly common roadside electronic cabinets are all effectively small Telephone Exchanges 2.

telecommunications equipment which bridges the power and telecommunication networks is increasingly common. 21 3. Typical copper conductor sizes are 0.4 mm and 0.63 mm diameter (0.13 mm 2 and 0.31 mm 2 ). 4. Individual plastic insulated copper conductors in telecommunications/ practices for telecommunications staff 26 2. Induced Voltage Hazard  Reroute parallel telecommunications cables to: Reduce length of parallel Increase separation  Install fibre optic cable to roadside electronic cabinet Reduces /


Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest.

of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology Domain “Electronic and telecommunications engineering”: - “Applied Electronics”; - “Telecommunication Technologies and Systems”; - “Telecommunication Networks and Software”; - “Micro-, Opto- and Nanotechnologies”. Domain “Computers and information technology”: - “Information Engineering”. Domain “Engineering and Management”: - “Economic Engineering in Electronics”. www.electronica.pub.ro Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information/


International Telecommunication Union ETSI Security Standardization Dr. Carmine Rizzo CISA, CISM, CISSP, ITIL, PRINCE2 ITU-T Workshop on “New challenges.

7 Areas of security Standardization Next Generation Networks (NGN) Mobile/Wireless Communications (GSM/UMTS, TETRA, DECT…) Lawful Interception and Data Retention Electronic Signatures Smart Cards Algorithms Emergency Communications / Public Safety RFID Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) In 3GPP: SAE/LTE and Common IMS International Telecommunication Union ETSI Security Standardization 8 NGN Security Standardization ETSI TISPAN WG7 standardizes NGN security Achievements Security Requirements, Design Guide/


Electronic Commerce Start. Chapter I : Introduction to E-commerce Chapter II : Network infrastructure for E-com Chapter III : E-com and World Wide Web.

to customers. In the early 1970s, emerging electronic payment technology was labeled electronic funds transfer. (EFT) EFT –“Any transfer of funds initiated through an electronic terminal, telephonic instrument, or computer or magnetic tape so as to order, instruct or authorize a financial institution to debit or credit an account” EFT utilizes computer and telecommunication components both to supply and to transfer money or financial assets. Transfer/


Technologies for Rural Telecommunications Dec-02 1 Low Cost – High Speed – Two Way Internet Via Satellite Douglas Armstrong Web-Sat Ltd. World Bank, Washington.

(W3)  Distributor model – Problems and challenges: multiple distributors, overcharging, non-payment, licenses, billing, other… West Africa  Service partner model –Direct On PC [Nigeria] = regional marketing/sales/installation/customer care –Web-Sat = technology partner, hub management Canada  Outsource model –Novanet (Ajax, Ontario) 100% own-managed network Technologies for Rural Telecommunications Dec-02 8 9 Web-Sat Milestones Armstrong Electronics: sat transmission since 1988 1994/


By: Jeevan Araich Mr. Lowe TEJ2DO0-B. Description  A telecommunications technician is a person who works for a company that deals with telecommunications.

hourly wage of telecommunications technicians can range anywhere from 16-30 dollars an hour  This equates to $20,000-$60,000 a year Required High School Credits  Expected to have a background in electronics, computer, and telecommunications Grade 9Grade 10Grade/Type of Education/Training Required  An apprenticeship or college diploma is required in electronics communications and telecommunications technology Location Where Education/ Training is Available  Algonquin College Algonquin College  Centennial/


Information and Communication Policy[ICT Policy] Objective: This course will cover the concept of ICT policy and also discuss the framework of ICT policy.

telephone networks, smart cards, mobile communication, e-mail, and Internet. Integrated Information Technologies for Integrated Tourism and Local Economy Management`. Source: Mansel &When (1998 The Telecommunication Revolution Telecommunications can be defined as the process of communicating information via electronic means over a distance. The development in telecommunications is increasing at a spectacular rate The development in telecommunications is increasing at a spectacular rate Today, innovations in/


Information & Electronics Technology Lab Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications.

Technology Lab Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Forwards Contents Research Interests The Lab’s Members Research Projects Copartners Joint Lab Information & Electronics Technology Lab Overview the Lab’s Members Information & Electronics Technology Lab Overview the Lab’s Members Information & Electronics Technology Lab Overview Professor Information & Electronics Technology Lab Overview the Lab’s Members Information & Electronics Technology Lab Overview Associate Professor Information/


Presentation of Curricula THE SCHOOL OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING OF APPLIED STUDIES ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS DBBT project meeting,

need for experts in these areas is high. Job market is large and diverse: from the design of electronic systems and devices, their installation, maintenance and exploitation to professional purchase and trade. Study program Electronics and Telecommunications at School of Electrical and Computer Engineering of Applied Studies has been designed in accordance with modern achievements of science and technology and the needs of job market. This program is based on expertise/


Consolidation of Summary of Findings and Recommendations of the Four Components of BIIPAC THE BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE INVENTORY AND PUBLIC AWARENESS IN.

developing cyber security framework including incident response co-ordination Yes Key BIIPAC Recommendations Legislation Need to update entire legal and regulatory framework, enact the revisted Telecommunications bill prepared by the government in 2012. Additional legal texts needed: electronic transactions, access to public information, privacy and data protection, as well as the regulations on the different aspects highlighted by the component 2 consultant, relative to/


February 2011 2010-2011 Joint Project of the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau and Ministry of Infrastructure, Republic of Poland www.itu.int/itu-d/EUR/NLP-BBI.

To provide affordable access to long-distance telecommunications network infrastructure connectivity services in South Africa and in particular: Expend the availability and affordability of access to electronic communications including but not limited to underdeveloped and underserviced areas and commensurate with international best practice and pricing, through the provision of the following. Electronic communications network services and Electronic communications services. February 2011 2010-2011 Joint/


International Telecommunication Union HIPSSA Project Support for Harmonization of the ICT Policies in Sub-Sahara Africa, Workshop on the SADC Harmonized.

IN SADC The review of national legalisation from fifteen SADC Member States has observed some divergences and similarities on the key issues related to electronic transactions and electronic commerce Some of these issues analysed include: Definition of key terms, E-signatures, E-contracts, Electronic-communications, E-evidence, consumer protection, Intermediaries and Telecommunications Providers While some few countries have legislation that address the above issues other courtiers do/


©1998-2002 Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) E-Strategies. Page - 1 E-commerce Issues for Policy Makers Alexander NTOKO Head, E-Strategy Unit.

mobile (IMT 2000) Broadband IP standards Certification Standards Digital Certificates ©1998-2002 Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) E-Strategies. Page - 28 Framework for Global Trust Establishing the identities of entities in electronic transactions… … ITU-T X.509 enables authentication for e-business e-government e-learning and e-procurement etc… ©1998-2002 Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) E-Strategies. Page - 29 Through IMT-2000, ITU is/


3M - History Founded in 1902 in Twin Harbors, Minnesota U.S.A.

in nearly 200 countries 3M has more than 40 product divisions divided into six market centers Consumer and Office Markets Electro and Communications Markets Health Care Markets Industrial Markets Specialty Material Markets Transportation, Graphics and Safety Markets Electrical Products Electronic Handling & Protection Micro Interconnect Systems Interconnect Solutions Telecommunications Access Product Solutions Enterprise Product Solutions Optical Components © 3M 2002 4/1/2017 3M - Corporate Facts Turnover/


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