Ppt on earth movements and major landforms in hawaii

Paul Blackburn 11-16-12 Turner 1 st Period. a.Continental Drift i.Wegner’s theory-the continents were slowly drifting around the Earth. ii.Evidence- the.

at mid-ocean ridges. ii.An increase in pressure at a hot spot. iii.The increase in the amount of water in the asthenosphere. Lava- hot molten rock erupted from a volcano. Volcano- an opening in earths crust through which molten lava, ash, and gases are ejected. o Common locations for volcanoes include Hawaii, Japan, and Yellowstone National Park. o The major zone of active volcanoes encircling the Pacific/


CRCT Review. CRCT Prep Quiz 1 S6E5a. Compare and contrast the Earth’s crust, mantle, and core including temperature, density, and composition.

a summer vacation in Hawaii, Carlos found several rock samples to share with his Earth science class. Most of the rocks were black, containing only a few light-colored crystals. All of the crystals were large and the rocks had/movement 5. What is found in areas on Earth’s surface that are located directly above the borders of lithospheric plates? a.Huge deposits of magma b.Lack of plant or animal life c.Frequent earthquake activity d.Stable and unchanging landforms 6. Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in/


Jeopardy 5 10 15 20 25 5 10 15 20 25 Useful Resources 5 10 15 20 25 Earth’s Processes Forces of Change 5 10 15 20 25 Changing Earth Click anywhere on.

C. Erosion or the movement of sediment. D. Wind blowing sand. Earth - 10 points Back DAILY DOUBLE A Back Which landform can a moving mountain glacier carve? A. U-shaped valley B. Desert C. Delta D. Floodplain Earth - 15 pts. C Back In which of these ways/coal, oil, and natural gas D. none of the above Natural Resources for 10 pts. Which of the following are considered renewable resources? D What is the major use of fossil fuels? A. to create models of earthquakes B. to study the history of Earth C. to search/


Chapter Five The Physical Geography of the United States and Canada.

upward by tectonic plate movement Link the U.S. and Canada from more than 3,000 miles New Mexico to Alaska Between the Pacific Ranges and the Rocky Mountains are plateaus and dry basins Landforms Western Mountains and Plateaus Canyons & plateaus between the mountain ranges include: Canyons & plateaus between the mountain ranges include Columbia Plateau--formed by lava seeping into the cracks in the earth Colorado Plateau--displays/


CRCT Review. CRCT Prep Quiz 1 S6E5a. Compare and contrast the Earth’s crust, mantle, and core including temperature, density, and composition.

a summer vacation in Hawaii, Carlos found several rock samples to share with his Earth science class. Most of the rocks were black, containing only a few light-colored crystals. All of the crystals were large and the rocks had/movement 5. What is found in areas on Earth’s surface that are located directly above the borders of lithospheric plates? a.Huge deposits of magma b.Lack of plant or animal life c.Frequent earthquake activity d.Stable and unchanging landforms 6. Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in/


Lesson 2 What Causes Changes to Earth’s Landforms? Rocky Coast: These tall rocks along the Australian coast are sea stacks. They are all that is left of.

, and ash. Hawaii has shield volcanoes. These huge mountains erupt slowly, and lava flows steadily down their gently sloping sides. Cinder cone volcanoes are small and have steep sides. They shoot chunks of rock into the air and down their slopes. Page 242 Pages 242-243 Earthquakes Movement between two plates can cause earthquakes. An earthquake is the shaking of Earth’s surface caused by movement of rock in/


Earths Layers Standard 8-3.1.

Earth’s crust is divided into 12 major plates which are moved in /in Landform areas over Geologic Time As the plates continued to __move__ and split___ apart, oceans___ were formed, landmasses____ collided and split apart until the Earth’s landmasses came to be in the positions they are now; Evidence of these landmass collisions and splits comes from fossils, landform shape, features, and rock structures, and/plates __buckle__________ and ___push up____ into mountain ranges; Direction of Movement/Sketch /


Unit #3 Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes. Thursday 10/2/2014 Group work (Chromebooks)

Let’s go over it together Unit Objectives and Vocabulary Volcano Lecture Homework: 18.2 SQ3R Analyze the interactions between the major systems (geosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere) that make up the Earth. Compounds from the geosphere move into the atmosphere and hydrosphere through volcanic eruptions. Explain, using specific examples, how a change in one system affects other Earth systems. Volcanism can cause a temporary global cooling/


PLATE TECTONICS Why the Earth is Like It Is. Earth Layers Earth is made up of 5 layers: 1.Inner Core 2.Outer Core 3.Mantle 4.Asthenosphere (Lower and.

in western Europe. Major Tectonic Plates: Tectonic Plates World Map Tectonic Plates World Map (link) Do land features continue to change? Are the continents still moving? The earth’s tectonic plates continue to gradually move even today. The plates interact. Where one plate meets another, is called a boundary. How do we know? Hot Spots (Hawaii, Yellowstone) Volcanoes and/continental plates move toward each other, what landforms would you expect to see? A. Volcanoes B. Cliffs C. New Land /


Lesson 1 Physical Geography of the United States ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do physical systems and human systems shape a place? With over 3.5 million square.

Landforms How has tectonic activity helped create so many of the landforms in the United States? Many of the landforms of the United States can be traced back to glacial activity and the tectonic plate movement of the Earth’s crust. The Pacific and Rocky Mountain ranges in the west and the Appalachian Mountains in/ the Great Lakes and rivers for transportation. In the South, cotton became a major cash crop as the textile industry grew in the Northeast. Land was cleared for more plantations, and the labor of /


Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson 013 Geology, Minerals, and Mining Ch 11 Environment & Ecology.

Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson The Earth has 15 major tectonic plates… Movement of these plates influences climate and evolution. …that move 2-15 cm (1-6 in.) per year. Copyright © 2009 Benjamin Cummings is an imprint of Pearson Pangaea: the supercontinent At least twice in Earth’s history, all landmasses were joined in one supercontinent. Pangaea: the supercontinent that occurred 225 million years/


Unit 4 Chapter 13 Volcanism. There are approximately 485 active volcanoes in the world. Volcanic eruptions are a major source of some of the most dramatic.

movement of magma. The melting of the area around the initial movement can melt further adding more material to the magma. Lava is magma that comes to the surface. Volcano – an opening or landform in the earth through which molten rock, gases and/ Crater 15. Ash cloud Major Volcanic Zones Most volcanoes are in the area of convergent and divergent zones. A major zone is the Pacific Ocean./hot spot Ex. Hawaii Intrusive Activity Since magma is less dense than rock will push upward and intrude into the overlaying/


Volcanoes and Other Igneous Activity Chapter 5. The nature of volcanic eruptions Factors determining the “violence” or explosiveness of a volcanic eruption.

eruptions of large volumes of lava Mauna Loa on Hawaii is a good example Volcanoes Types of volcanoes continued Cinder cone Built /in the Earth as it deforms the “plastic” host rock Plutonic igneous activity Emplacement of magma continued At shallower depths, the host rock is cooler and exhibits brittle deformation Movement of magma here is accomplished by fractures in the host rock and stoping Notice that emplacement of magma does not involve melting of host rock as a major process Plate tectonics and/


SOCIAL STUDIES A review of basic social studies skills, the geography and religions of the Middle East.

on Their Environment 3. HUMAN ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION 4. MOVEMENT  The Mobility of:  People  Goods  Ideas  How Places are linked to one another and the world 5. REGIONS  What Places Have in Common  Political Regions  Landform Regions  Agricultural Regions  Cultural Regions 5. /of a place.  They generally show things like mountains, rivers and lakes Hawaii Physical Map: This Hawaii relief map shows the land elevation (height) of the major physical features of the state. TYPES OF MAPS- THEMATIC  /


© Oxford University Press 2009 Part 1 Opportunities and risks─Is it rational to live in hazard-prone areas? Quit 1.3What are the major internal forces.

─Is it rational to live in hazard-prone areas? Quit 1.3What are the major internal forces and processes, and the resulting landforms? © Oxford University Press 2009 Part 1 Opportunities and risks─Is it rational to live in hazard-prone areas? Quit Internal forces (compressional, tensional and lateral forces) How do plate movements shape the land? Convection currents Plate movements Internal processes Folding Faulting Vulcanicity Landforms These will be the focus/


The American Nation Chapter 1 Geography, History, and the Social Sciences Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper.

on the Earth’s surface Uses a grid system Latitude and longitude A global/Movement The Mobility of People Goods Ideas How Places are linked to one another and the world Movement Theme 5: Regions What Places Have in Common Political Regions Landform/ River Platte River Other major rivers Colorado River Hudson /and northeastern United States Mild summers, cold winters; much rain TropicalSouthern Florida and Hawaii Hot; humid Humid SubtropicalSoutheastern United States Warm; regular rain TundraNorthern and/


Introduction to Geography Themes and Map Skills….Pay attention or you will be lost all year!!!!!!!!!!!

rivers, continents, and hemispheres Human- Language, customs, and region Political- Borders and boundaries Themes in a Nutshell Theme 1- Location Theme 2- Place Theme 3- Human and Environmental Interaction Theme 4- Movement Theme 5- /Hawaii ***Note- Even the ocean has “landformsin it. Water Features of the Earth Oceans- -70% of the Earth is covered in water. -There are four Oceans. Can anyone name them? Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic, and Indian Within the Oceans are seas, bays, and gulfs. Lakes, Streams, and/


Physical Geography of North America Ch 5.1. North America U.S. and Canada share the northern part of the continent Covers more than 7 million sq miles;

– NYC mouth of the Hudson R Hawaii – 8 major and 124 smaller volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean Canada’s most important – West Vancouver Island, East-Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton Island Greenland – world’s largest island; territory of Denmark; size of Texas and Alaska together Water Large amounts of fresh water provides power, movement of resources, and meets city and rural needs Divide – high point or/


Unit 10, Chapter 28 Integrated Science. 28.1 Understanding Earth Geology is the study of rocks and materials that make up Earth and the processes that.

common landforms. Magma is generated at all subduction zones where dense oceanic plates are pushed under lighter continental plates, melted, and rises back up through the crust. Shallow, intermediate and /and seismologists use seismic waves to study Earth’s internal structure. This is similar to how a doctor uses X rays to look at bone structure. 28.3 Earthquakes The majority of earthquakes occur at the plate boundaries. Earthquakes also occur at a fault. Fault - a place crack in rocks along which movement/


Unit 10, Chapter 28 Integrated Science. 28.1 Understanding Earth Geology is the study of rocks and materials that make up Earth and the processes that.

common landforms. Magma is generated at all subduction zones where dense oceanic plates are pushed under lighter continental plates, melted, and rises back up through the crust. Shallow, intermediate and /and seismologists use seismic waves to study Earth’s internal structure. This is similar to how a doctor uses X rays to look at bone structure. 28.3 Earthquakes The majority of earthquakes occur at the plate boundaries. Earthquakes also occur at a fault. Fault - a place crack in rocks along which movement/


Volcanoes. Volcanic activity takes place primarily at subduction boundaries, VOCABULARY How and Where Volcanoes Form Oceanic lithosphere Continental lithosphere.

Earths surface. Magma that has reached the surface is called lava. The Hawaiian Islands formed over a hot spot. Volcanoes Magma and volcanoes also form at hot spots. VOCABULARY How and Where Volcanoes Form Direction of Plate Movement Kauai Oahu Molokai Lanai Maui Hawaii volcano hot spot Volcanic Settings Major/Usually explosive Lowest Continental hot spots Magma and Erupted Materials Volcanic Landforms A volcano’s shape and structure depend on how it erupts and what materials are released. Shield volcanoes /


Although land only makes up one fourth of the earths surface, we tend to know it better as it is the part we live in.

»Europe »Asia »Antarctica »Australia »Africa Types of Landforms 1. Mountain6. Lake 2. Valley7. Ocean 3. Plain8. Coast 4. Plateau9. Desert 5. Island 10. River Definition: An opening in the earth, through which lava, rock, and gases are forced out Volcanoes in the U.S. are found mainly in Hawaii, Alaska, California, Oregon and Washington. There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world What is Magma??? Molten rock/


The Restless Earth Unit 1: section B

be switched from disaster aid to development aid. Predict, prepare, protect Building regulations should ensure that buildings are earthquake resistant and provide protection rather than causing danger in an earthquake. They should also restrict building on unstable surfaces like clay & reclaimed land where earth movement is greatest & building collapse is most likely. Earthquake resistant buildings are built with: Foundations sunk into bedrock; Rubber shock/


Honouliuli Preserve 70 rare and endangered plant and animal species Has dark fertile lands that stretch from the waters of Pearl Harbor to the summit.

evaporation from land and water surfaces, is a major component of the hydrologic budget of the islands. In the Honolulu area of Oahu, for example, actual evapotranspiration was estimated to be about 40 percent of the total water (rainfall plus irrigation) falling on or applied to the ground surface during 1946-75. Pan evaporation is the main measurement used in Hawaii to assess the amount/


Mountain Formation Chapter 5.3.

way the crust was deformed and shaped. Folded Mountains & Plateaus Folded mountains are landforms created when tectonic movements bend and uplift rock layers. Basically, tectonic movements squeeze rock layers together. Types of Mountains Folding is evident in the rock layers of /Hawaii is about 9km tall with only 4km above sea level. Types of Mountains Dome Mountains A dome mountain is a landform created when molten rock pushes up rock layers on the Earth’s surface and the layers then are worn away in/


Year 11 GCSE PLATE TECTONICS. Learning intention The Earth’s crust is unstable: The tectonic plates may move together or move apart At plate boundaries.

and N.American). An example of a passive plate boundary is the San Andreas fault in California. Earthquakes occur along the fault. What Landforms are found at plate boundaries? How are fold mountains formed? Fold mountains form along plate boundaries as a result of great Earth movements/ a wide base, but they are not very tall as a result. They erupt often but gently eg. Mauna Lau, Hawaii; Heimaey, Iceland. Volcanoes occur at plate boundaries – where two plates meet. Most of the world’s volcanoes are around /


Geography. 5 Themes of Geography Location –Absolute –Relative Place –Cultural characteristics –Physical characteristics Region Movement Human and Environment.

. Examples –Immigration from Latin America to US. –War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people) –MySpace, Facebook (ideas) Movement The movement of people, the import and export of goods, and mass communication (ideas) have all played major roles in shaping our world. People everywhere interact. They travel from place to place and they communicate. We live in a global village and global economy. Movement Not only do humans move but also ideas/


Geography.  Our identities are closely associated with the geographical location in which we grew up and the places we later live in life.  1 of the.

features of the earth such as the climate, soils, vegetation, water, and landforms.  Human geography is the study of the economic, social, and cultural systems that have evolved in a specific location. Which includes many topics that are discussed in our book like/markets.  As a result, these states are more populous. Major industrial cities include: Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, Cleveland, Columbus, and Indianapolis.  Less than 1 in 4 residents in the Midwest lives outside of a metropolitan area.  To the/


Earth’s Spheres, Landforms and Physical Processes What does it all mean? ©2012, TESCCC.

a great deal of information about the polar region’s past ©2012, TESCCC Earth’s lithosphere is broken into seven major and many minor tectonic plates. These plates move in relation to each other, slowly changing the location of earth’s continents and oceans. ©2012, TESCCC Plate Tectonics: View direction of the arrows showing movement of the plates. What can you deduce from this image? ©2012, TESCCC/


Volcanism Volcanic Features Location and Types of Volcanic Activity

Oahu Direction of Plate Movement The Hawaiian Islands formed over a hot spot. Molokai Lanai Maui Hawaii How Magma Rises To view this animation, click “View” and then “Slide Show” on the top navigation bar. Volcanic Settings Plate Tectonics and Magma Generation To view this animation, click “View” and then “Slide Show” on the top navigation bar. Major Volcanoes Around the World Magma and Erupted Materials Gases/


What features of the earth do you see in this picture??

___________ across its __________  2 major continents formed › __________________ (south) /movement  The movement and location of plates explains many of earth’s features: › _______________________  ___________________  One of the few transform boundaries on land  Its movement causes severe _______________ (California)  ________ ___________  Nazca plate ____________ under the South American plate caused this mountain range  ______ _____ _____  New ____________ boundary beginning to split Africa in/


1 Chapter 6 Volcanic Eruptions: Plate Tectonics and Magmas Lecture PowerPoint Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction.

, can define different volcanic landforms The Three V’s of Volcanology: Viscosity, Volatiles, Volume Insert Table 6.8 Shield Volcanoes: Low Viscosity, Low Volatiles, Large Volume Basaltic lava with low viscosity and low volatiles flows to form gently dipping, thin layers Thousands of layers on top of each other form very broad, gently sloping volcano like Mauna Loa in Hawaii Great width compared to/


Social Studies Final Exam Review (2013)

and longitude, coordinates Relative – in relation to something else (NW of Manvel) Place – location plus description Human-Environment Interactions – pollution, cutting down trees, building Galveston seawall Movement – interstate highway system Region – grouping places with similar characteristics Geographic – location, near waterways, landforms/years ago, the earth’s continents formed one giant continent 32. What is a map scale? Give an example. Way to measure distance on a map and compare to actual /


Unit 3 – Inside the Earth Unit Essential Question (EQ) : How do events that take place inside the Earth cause changes on its surface? 1.

of the upper mantle called the Asthenosphere Cross Section of the Lithosphere and the Asthenosphere 37 Theory of Plate Tectonics These plates move in different directions and at different speeds. Rate of movement is very slow (about.5 to 6 inches in a year) over time. Theory of Plate tectonics The are seven major plates in the Lithosphere: –the African, North American, South American, Eurasian, Australian, Antarctic/


The discovery of radioactivity –destroyed Kelvin’s argument for the age of Earthand provided a clock to measure Earth’s age A. Radioactivity is the spontaneous.

movements b. oriented to measure north-south movements -one vertical seismograph Fig. 9-3, p.247 Focus of earthquake: Where rupture begins and energy is released. The location on the surface of the earth,/in Hilo, Hawaii in 1946-caused by Earthquake in Aleutian Islands….159 people died in Hilo Chp 9: Earthquakes EARTHQUAKE PREDICTION Long-Term Prediction 1. Motion along a fault a. On segments of the fault where fault creep occurs, the plates slip past one another smoothly and without major earthquakes b. In/


Chapter 14 The Internal Processes. Rigid Earth to Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics Vulcanism Folding and Faulting Earthquakes.

to the present day Continental Drift: Pangaea Continental drift is the movement of continents over the Earths surface, and their change in position relative to each other. Original land mass with continental boundaries Plate Tectonics Seafloor Spreading/ (South America) 4. Pacific plate 5.African plate (Africa and Middle East) 6. Australian plate 7.Antarctic plate For the most part, each major plate represents one of the seven continents. Major and Minor Plates Plates with Topography Plate Boundaries (a) Oceanic-Continental /


Chapter: Earthquakes and Volcanoes

. Earth’s Plates and Interior Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Plate Tectonics 3 Earth’s Plates and Interior Seismic wave speeds, and how they travel through different levels in the interior, have allowed scientists to map out the major layers of Earth. What is driving Earth’s plates? Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Plate Tectonics 3 What is driving Earth’s plates? There are several hypotheses about where all the energy comes from to power the movement/


Volcanoes and volcanism

of Mauna Loa, Hawaii, from the cinder cones of Mauna Kea Mauna Loa is the tallest volcano on Earth, as measured /Earth vs. Mars Red = Hawaiian chain, which is superimposed on Olympus Mons this says it pretty well, I think ! Mauna Loa is about here Volcano types: stratovolcanoes Stratovolcanoes consist of alternating layers of lava and pyroclastics They are dominantly andesitic in composition These volcanoes are typical of subduction zones Mt. St. Helens (pre-1980) Volcano types: calderas Volcanic landforms/


Igneous Rocks Section 6.2. Rocks Overview A rock is a group of one or more minerals that have been bound together. Three Major Types: 1.Igneous rock –formed.

neck –Volcano –Sill –Dike –Batholith Section 9.1 How and Where Volcanoes Form Volcano Characteristics A volcano is a landform that develops around the opening in Earth’s crust through which molten rock, ash, and gasses can erupt. Magma Formation Three ways to form magma: 1. Decrease in pressure 2. Increase in temperature 3. Increase in amount of water in the asthenosphere Volcanic Activity at Different Boundaries Observe an/


Volcanoes Chapter 5. Rigid Earth to Plate Tectonics Learning Objectives Know the different types of volcanoes and their associated features Understand.

adjustments we can make to avoid death and damage from volcanoes Introduction to Volcanoes General term that refers to all phenomena connected with the origin and movement of molten rock Two categories–Surface and Plutonic Activities (below the surface of the/massive and spectacular of earthly landforms Mountains & volcanoes Deep ocean trenches Hot Spots Spots of volcanic activity caused by a thin Earth’s crust allowing the magma to move to the surface found in the ocean These are called Hot Spots Hawaii is/


Geography, History, and the Social Sciences

Five Themes Chapter 1, Section 1 Movement People Goods Ideas Regions Unifying physical characteristics-climates, landforms Unifying human characteristics-language, culture Geography and Population Trends Chapter 1, Section 1 Late/in the south and west. Cartographers Make Maps and Globes Chapter 1, Section 1 Cartographers make maps using different map projections for different purposes. Cartographer—mapmaker Map projections—ways to show the earth on a flat surface. Types of map projections are Mercator and/


The American Nation Chapter 1 Geography, History, and the Social Sciences Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper.

Movement People Goods Ideas Regions Unifying physical characteristics- climates, landforms Unifying human characteristics- language, culture Chapter 1, Section 1 Geography and/in the south and west. Chapter 1, Section 1 Cartographers Make Maps and Globes Cartographers make maps using different map projections for different purposes. Cartographer—mapmaker Map projections—ways to show the earth on a flat surface. Types of map projections are Mercator and/River Platte River Other major rivers Colorado River /


Ocean Water is constantly in motion, powered by many different forces: Winds, Density differences, etc.

a major role in maintaining Earth’s heat balance. They transfer heat from the tropics to the cold polar regions. Ocean water movement /and deposited in areas where energy is low produce depositional features. Many coastal landforms owe their origin to erosional processes. Such erosional features are common along the rugged irregular New England coast and/ effects, as well. In Hawaii they replaced the natural coarse beach sand with softer muddier sand, which resulted in increased cloudiness, which killed/


Earth Science SOL General Overview. Astronomy Topics.

in the Milky Way galaxy Spiral, Elliptical & Irregular Andromeda galaxy closest Examples: The Big Dipper (Ursa Major), the Little Dipper (Ursa Minor), Orion - Use of Parallax to tell distance Earth Moon & Sun Relationships: Eclipses Lunar Eclipse Solar Eclipse Earth Moon & Sun Relationships: Tides Gravitational pull of the Moon and/are formed here– Hawaii & Galapagos are examples Magma – molten rock under the Earth’s surface Lava – molten rock on the Earth’s surface Crustal Movement Related to Earthquakes /


Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography GEOG 113C – Geography of East and Southeast Asia Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Topic 7.

Lombock: Christian minority. Mollusks: Christian majority. East Timor: Christians successfully gained independence (2002). Irian Jaya: Independence movements. © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 3. Indonesia ■ East Timor: an ethnic and religious struggle Portion of the island/ Pineapple cultivation: Endogenous to Brazil; grows in tropical climates, preferably with volcanic soils. Started in the 1880s in Hawaii; the only tropical climate in the US. Declined due to urbanization and growing labor costs. © Dr. Jean-Paul/


Read pages 545 - 550 of Hamblin for details on the tectonic movements along Transform Boundaries. Other Continental Transform Fault boundaries: Dead Sea,

movement of plates and earth’s internal heat together produce a new set of landforms. These are produced at the Hot Spots above the mantle plumes. Latest addition to the theory: in 1963 from observations in Hawaii. Volcanoes are progressively older along the direction of plate movement/Plates and Plate Motion Earth’s major features, rocks, structures can be understood from the interactions of the plates in the tectonic system 1. Divergent margins: being pulled apart: marked by oceanic ridges 2. North and /


V OLCANOES C OMPOSITION, T YPE OF DEPOSITS, TYPE OF VOLCANOES AND DISTRIBUTION.

/Johnson/Landforms/Volcanism//in the stratosphere for years and significantly cool the Earth/majority of volcanoes are located: Volcanoes along trenches Examples: Japan, most Pacific Islands, Caribbean Islands, west coast of North and/Hawaii is an undersea volcano known as Loihi. http://www.biosbcc.net/ocean/marinesci/02ocean/hwgeo.htm Until 1996 Loihi was thought to be an inactive seamount. It began erupting in 1996 and the eruptions were preceded by a cluster of small earthquakes indicating the movement/


The Earth as a System Consists of: - Geosphere - Hydrosphere

clouds from major eruptions can block sunlight & change drop the average global temp. The Geosphere Erosion Rocks on the surface are changed by wind, running water, and weather. Erosion is the removal and transport of weathered surface materials. Over long periods of time, erosion can wear away entire mountains and produce spectacular landforms. The Atmosphere The atmosphere is a mixture if gases surrounding Earth Composition: Air/


Our Dynamic Earth.

that we cannot feel them, but some are enormous movements of the Earth’s crust that cause widespread damage. Earthquakes The actual place underground where the earthquake starts and rocks break producing vibrations is called the focus. The/of vehicles, and cause breathing difficulties. Global Effect of Volcanic Eruptions Major volcanic eruptions can change Earth’s climate for several years. In large eruptions, clouds of volcanic ash and sulfur rich gases may reach the upper atmosphere, and spread across the/


SPATIAL ANALYSIS Cy Woods High School 2011-2012. What is Geography? the study of the distribution and interaction between the physical and human (cultural)

an indication of soil exposure (as in clearing for development, planting or natural settings such as deserts and beaches) Darker shades typically indicate /Hawaii California Great Salt Lake Andes Mountains Rocky Mountains Aral Sea Sahara ItalySpain Key Concept The Internet, GPS, and GIS have influenced the way we study the Earth. 5 Themes of Geography Movement: how people, goods, and ideas move DIFFUSION 5 Themes of Geography Movement: how else do people, goods, and ideas move? 5 Themes of Geography Movement/


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