Ppt on earth dam breach

GEOG 101: Day 13 Fresh Water New film just released in the theatres: “Watermark” by Jennifer Baichal and Edward Burtynski; see also films by Paul Manley,

human health, and economic pursuits Delineate the distribution of fresh water on Earth Describe major types of freshwater ecosystems Discuss how we use water and/Disruption of flooding – Risk of failure – Lost recreational opportunities 12-27 China’s Three Gorges Dam is the world’s largest 186 m high and 2 km wide, completed in 2006 When filled/ high-water levels on the Assiniboine River, the government of Manitoba deliberately breached a dike near Portage-la-Prairie, with the goal of releasing pressure in/


© 2010 Pearson Education Canada 12 Freshwater Systems and Water Resources PowerPoint ® Slides prepared by Stephen Turnbull Copyright © 2013 Pearson Canada.

Dams in Idaho). 12-28 © 2010 Pearson Education Canada Copyright © 2013 Pearson Canada Inc. Dikes and levees are meant to control floods Flooding is a normal, natural process -Floodwaters spread nutrient-rich sediments over large areas Floods also do tremendous damage to property Dikes and levees (long, raised mounds of earth/ during record high-water levels on the Assiniboine River, the government of Manitoba deliberately breached a dike near Portage-la-Prairie, with the goal of releasing pressure in the /


PROGRESSION OF EROSION TECHNOLOGY FOR SITES and WINDAM B EROSION TESTING WORKSHOP Maricopa County, AZ October 19 & 20th.

Design and analysis of Earth Spillways Team assigned task of developing new criteria from results of research and field data acquisition efforts. DAMS – DAMS2 - SITES Dam design and reservoir routing software Dam design and reservoir routing / EROSION SITES SITES –Developed over time –Focus on design –Rating table based routing SITES Earth spillway erosion SITES Earth spillway erosion –Focus on breach potential of vegetated spillways –Three phase erosion model (iterative application) –Broad range of geologic/


UNDERWRITING CRITERIA GENERAL INFORMATION - 1 NAME OF PROPOSER; RELATIONSHIP OF PROPOSER TO PROJECT; IS THERE A CONTRACTUAL RESPONSIBILITY TO INCLUDE THE.

LIABILITIES –PRODUCTS LIABILITY –PRODUCTS MANUFACTURED OR SUPPLIED –EMPLOYERS’ LIABILITY –INJURY OR SICKNESS ARISING OUT OF EMPLOYMENT, –PROFESSIONAL INDEMNITY –BREACH OF PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OR DUTY, –MOTOR EXCESS OF LOSS LIABILITY –DUE TO LOSS OR ACCIDENT DURING THE PERIOD OF THE POLICY/the construction of a large industrial complex or power plant. Earth moving will also form a large part of the work involved in the construction of an earth embankment dam. In most African countries, the major risk in this/


DZERZINSK, RUSSIA Potentially affected people: 300,000 Type of pollutants: Chemicals and toxic byproducts from Cold War-era chemical weapons.

people: 140,000 Type of pollutants: cyanide, copper, other heavy metals Site Description: In January 2000, a breach in the tailings dam of the Aurul S.A. Baia Mare Company, released some 100,000 m³ of cyanide-rich tailings waste into/bul15art09.htm S. V. Lushnikov, Y. A. Frank, and D. S. Vorobyov. “Oil decontamination of bottom sediments experimental work results”. Earth Sciences Research journal. (2006). 10 (1): 35-40. SPOLANA, CZECH REPUBLIC Potentially affected people: 250,000 Type of pollutants: Dioxins,/


Coming to Lake Pleasant, Arizona

Waddell Dam was then partially dismantled and breached before it was covered with waters from the enlarged Lake Pleasant. A 224-foot wide breach opening in the dam was cut into the old dam, making two sections. The breaching of the dam took place/lakeside experience anyone can imagine through a sense of community, belonging, spiritual growth, and civic pride. “Nothing on earth is more beautiful than the morning sun.” - Ecclesiastes 11:7 26 26 COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT Market Research Marketing strategies will/


GEOSC 10: Geology of the National Parks Tearing Down Mountains II: Groundwater and Rivers Presented by Dr. Sridhar Anandakrishnan The Pennsylvania State.

runs off into streams ‣ Streams carry water & sediments Some is soaked into the Earth to make groundwater... which eventually goes to streams Groundwater makes caves and drinking water /they can’t hide) GEOSC 10 - Geology of the National Parks Dams Eventually that reservoir above the dam will fill up GEOSC 10 - Geology of the National Parks Katrina / during a big flood it will breach the levee and take a different course to the ocean All the riverbanks downstream of that breach are left high and dry GEOSC/


Recent achievements and challenges in WWF’s work to protect biodiversity and reduce humanity’s footprint in priority areas of the global conservation programme.

these. VIRUNGA Conservation Highlights, May 2014 Allegations of human rights violations and breaching of environmental protection by UK oil exploration company Soco International PLC relating to /campaigns are running against ill-planned projects such as ports, roads and dams in conservation priority areas such as the Amazon, Mekong and Danube /2014 WWF recognised Namibia’s communal conservancy programme as a Gift to the Earth. Wildlife & habitat have recovered and rural communities gain by managing their own/


Environmental Ethics For syllabus and course resources, go to (then “courses”) Bron Taylor The University.

How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity, Eric Chivian and Aaron Bernstein, eds., (Oxford University Press, 2008) Biodiversity makes the Earth habitable. It provides food, fiber, shelter, medicines, recycling of waste and many other essential goods and services. Haiti /original range Yet, Summer 2000: The Clinton administration refused to breach a series of dams in the upper Columbia River basin, even though government scientists concluded breaching was the best hope for wild salmon. Atlantic Salmon also /


Recent achievements and challenges in WWF’s work to protect biodiversity and reduce humanity’s footprint in priority areas of the global conservation programme.

Announced in February, this follows a complaint from WWF that Soco has breached OECD global corporate responsibility standards. OECD investigation of Soco Conservation Highlights, May/sharks, to specific challenges against environmentally-damaging development schemes such as dams. REGIONAL CAMPAIGNS Conservation Highlights, May 2014 As apex predators, sharks /WWF recognised Namibia’s communal conservancy programme as a Gift to the Earth, profiling the wildlife & habitat recovery with major benefits for rural/


Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® RISK FRAMEWORK, RISK MANAGEMENT AND TOLERABLE RISK GUIDELINES Dave Paul, P.E. Lead Civil Engineer U.S. Army Corps.

Years Interim Risk Reduction Measures in Place For Next 55 Years Next Challenge: Communication of Non-Breach Risks! Tolerable Risks: Bottom Line Up Front  Risk justifies Priorities, but better decisions must/ dam safety picture. 70 HeightCategoryOvertopFound.PipingSlidingStructuralSpillwayE.Q. All Dams Eastern42122348110 Western455343913 Dams > 50 ft Eastern2016201216 0 Western200608400 Dams < 50 ft Eastern4611.523.52.56.5100 Western5742101224 Percent Failures by Type of Failure United States Earth Dams /


* No duty of the engineer is important than his duty to protect the safety and well-being of the public. * We will look into Safety and Risk, We will.

by Bureau of Reclamation [had built 300 dams, 250 of them earth fill dam] Teton dam was a conventional earth fill dam, except of the rock in the surrounding canyon walls. About Teton dam Design of Teton dam The core made of compacted fine silt to/ dam failure - The dam is breached at 11:57 AM, the rush of muddy brown water is violent. Teton dam failure - Water spills unchecked through the breach Teton dam failure - flood waters advancing through rexburg, idaho Teton dam site -that remains of the original dam/


Nuclear Energy. Objective This presentation focuses on the entire nuclear fuel cycle. It is designed to explain the negative effects caused by the use.

endangering the water supply of New Mexico, Arizona, Las Vegas, and Los Angeles—including Lake Mead. The cause of the breach was a dam that was not built to code—an accident that could have been prevented if the proper authorities had done their jobs. / silent flash of heat and light, followed by the extreme pressure of a mushroom cloud that raises millions of tons of earth resulting in nuclear fallout. Source: The Green Peace Book of the Nuclear Age by John May Weapons Production Production plants involved/


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. CHAPTER 10 Water: Hydrologic Cycle and Human Use.

, and the atmosphere Evaporation and precipitation cycle water through the solar-powered hydrologic cycle © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Earth’s water © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Freshwater is a renewable resource Streams, rivers, ponds, lakes, swamps, estuaries/ been stranded Pollutants have accumulated Fish populations have been reduced The dam may be breached by earthquakes Chinese officials stifled internal criticism The dam will provide renewable energy and control floods © 2011 Pearson Education,/


Floods Flood mechanisms

management solutions Flood mechanisms Hydrometerological floods - snowmelt runoff - storm rainfall - rain-on-snow - ice jams Natural dam failures - earth dams (e.g landslides) - ice dams (e.g jökhalaups) and river response (October, 2003) Vancouver I.A. Storm rainfall: precipitation and/Damage $0.7 - 1 billion; 10 deaths Up to 280 mm of rain fell in 36 hours Dams overtopped and breached, releasing dammed waters Roads washed out, houses and bridges. destroyed; 12,000 people evacuated. Farms covered with up to/


Landslides FALLS - material falls through air AVALANCHES - material in air or on surface SLIDES or SLUMPS - material slides across surface FLOWS - material.

the dams failed catastrophically. Images: NASA Earth Observatory Landslide dam failures The Río Barrancas, in northwestern Argentina, was dammed in prehistoric time by a large landslide, forming a 21-km-long lake. In 1914, the Río Barrancas breached this dam; / towns in the valley were devastated. Sketch of Lago Cari Lauquen on the Río Barrancas, Argentina after the dam was breached(Groeber, 1916) landslide scar lake outlet Preventive measures: rockfalls Rock bolts (tie loose rocks to stable base) Shotcrete/


This presentation is drawn from an International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s 1996 Species Survival Commission Study, and also from....

of its original range Yet, Summer 2000: The Clinton administration refused to breach a series of dams in the upper Columbia River basin, even though government scientists concluded breaching was the best hope for wild salmon. Atlantic Salmon also declining n The/ destroyed n Southeastern pine forests (N. Florida) –Once supported one of the richest assemblages of forest-floor plants on earth, as well as now-endangered animals such as the red cockaded woodpecker and gopher tortoise. –Merely 2 percent of these/


WIND ENERGY ADVANTAGES 1.The wind is free and with modern technology it can be captured efficiently. 2. Once the wind turbine is built the energy it produces.

cause serious geological damage. For example, the building of the Hoover Dam in the USA triggered a number of earth quakes and has depressed the earth’s surface at its location. 6. Although modern planning and design of dams is good, in the past old dams have been known to be breached (the dam gives under the weight of water in the lake). This has led to/


QUAKE LAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT THE CARNAGE. MADISON RIVER VALLEY NEAR THE CORNER WHERE IDAHO, MONTANA, AND WYOMING JOIN TOGETHER AT WEST YELLOWSTONE, THERE.

WAS HAPPENING, THE WATERS ON HEBGEN LAKE WERE FAR FROM STILL. FAULT LINES FROM THE QUAKE CAUSED HUGE SIECHE WAVES TO BREACH THE DAM, CAUSING EROSION AND FLOODING AS THE LANDSLIDE WAS HAPPENING, THE WATERS ON HEBGEN LAKE WERE FAR FROM STILL. FAULT LINES FROM/ ENGINEERS WERE NOW FACED WITH A HUGE PROBLEM. SINCE THE LANDSLIDE DAMMED UP THE RIVER, A LAKE WAS QUICKLY FORMING BEHIND THE LANDSLIDE DEBRIS. THE ARMY CORP OF ENGINEERS WORKED VERY HARD TO MOVE EARTH TO FINISH A NEW SPILLWAY FOR THE NOW “QUAKE LAKE” AFTER/


Thinking about Electricity Learning Objectives To know that we can make electricity in different ways. To begin to understand how the way we get electricity.

cause serious geological damage. For example, the building of the Hoover Dam in the USA triggered a number of earth quakes and has depressed the earth’s surface at its location. 6. Although modern planning and design of dams is good, in the past old dams have been known to be breached (the dam gives under the weight of water in the lake). This has led to/


GEOL 10 LECTURE 19 TODAYS MATERIAL: Supplemental Reading (3 parts) on week 10 website Supplemental Reading (3 parts) on week 10 website Hydrology Hydrology.

) Meteorological/Rainfall (most common) The late-Pleistocene Missoula floods in the Pacific Northwestern United States were some of the largest ever to have occurred on Earth. The floods resulted from the repeated breaching of an ice dam formed from a lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet that blocked the present-day Clark Fork River and created an immense lake known as glacial Lake/


Intensive Programme on

Ecology : definition (2) Ecology is an interdisciplinary field that includes Life and Earth Sciences. Ecology is not restricted to environment, environmentalism, natural history, or /changed before losing its ability to recover (before crossing a threshold which, if breached, makes recovery difficult or impossible). - Resistance: the ease or difficulty of changing/ to an increase of irrigation that damages streams and rivers from damming and removal of water, and increases salt and nutrient content in/


Chapter 10 Implementing Response Objectives

and limitations of the following methods of spill control: Absorption Adsorption Covering Damming Diking Dilution Diversion Dispersion Retention Vapor dispersion Vapor suppression Objectives Identify and/ Involved, Container Design And Construction, Container Stress And Actual/Potential Breach, And The Position And Location Of The Container. The Following Are/Of Connecting One Or More Conductive Objects To The Ground Through An Earthing Electrode (I.E., Grounding Rod).. What Is Static Electricity? Static/


Chapter 2: Design of Overflow Structures

parameter k is considered as a fixed number and not a stochastic value, which is an acceptable assumption for concrete dams. For high earth dams, the probability of settlement could be introduced, but this is often omitted and a maximum settlement is accounted for/ is chosen, and no return period is specified. This design flood has to be diverted without a dam breaching. However, small damages at the dam and surroundings may occur. Therefore, the conditions for wave run-ups and the availability of (N-1/


Page 400-401 in the textbook. Hydropower has been in use since the late 1800’s the origins of the technology reach back thousands of years. Archimedes.

action is submitted to Congress; (2) federal funds from being used to remove, breach, or study the removal or breaching of any hydroelectric-producing dam unless explicitly authorized by Congress; (3) federal funds or funding from congressionally chartered /://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2034945/Queen-Elizabeth-uses-green-hydroelecricity-power-Windsor-Castle.htmlhttp://earth.rice.edu/mtpe/geo/geosphere/hot/energyfuture/hydroelectricity.htmlhttp://www.window.state.tx.us/specialrpt/energy//


War and the Environment. Passive Use of Environment Collateral Effects Use of Environment as a Weapon Environmental Modification to Aid Own Operations.

with railroads New Lock Construction Gaillard (Culebra) Cut Deepening the Canal Rio Chagres Dredging Gatun Locks Gatun Dam French Trench Prepared New Channel The Future? Largest ships cannot use the Panama Canal despite improvements Sea Level/ Greece Environmental Modification to Impede Enemy Impair Enemy Mobility China 1938 - Breach Huang He Dikes Chemical Warfare Deprive of Supplies River Diversion in Sieges Scorched Earth Campaigns Shenandoah Valley - Civil War Shermans March - Civil War Extermination of/


popularity while potentially to turn a them without

Darwin arrived in the world, ___ February 12, 1809, modern science was also an infant. Later biologists know how life on Earth had developed into its many different _____ (form) ---thanks to Darwin. Some thinkers before Darwin believed ______ species of animals /, heavy rains and _______ (melt) snow add a lot of water to the lake behind Folsom Dam. People believe that ___ much water could breach the dam. Then the dam might break and flood the towns below the lake. A flood would be very _________ (danger) for/


1 Employers’ Forum Introduction to Flooding by Environment Agency, Halcrow and Universities of Cardiff, Heriot Watt and Cambridge.

Forum Flood water can rise rapidly in steep catchment 12 Employers’ Forum Embankment breaches often cause severe damage 13 Employers’ Forum Fire service are key providers of/e.g. brick sealant and one-way toilet valves  Based on principle of arch dam design with pressure force used to enhance seal  Simple glass reinforced plastic (GRP) guards/(BMJ 04) 72 Employers’ Forum “Water is infinitely more critical to life on earth than oil” HRH The Princess Royal Bradford University, 1989 73 Employers’ Forum Thank /


522 هزر الري السطحي أ. د. فوزي سعيد عواد (2). Advantages and disadvantages of surface irrigation Advantages and disadvantages of surface irrigation Surface.

the adjacent flood plain; Through simple check-dams and a canal to distribute water to various locations; Through simple check-dams and a canal to distribute water to various/ to be well maintained to eliminate breaching and waste, and must be higher for basins than other surface irrigation methods./,  shotcrete or gunite,  asphalt,  surface and buried plastic or  rubber membranes,  compacted earth. The management of water in the field channels involves; The management of water in the field channels involves;/


Lesson Starter 1.Think of five ways you could reduce your electricity use in your home.

cause serious geological damage. For example, the building of the Hoover Dam in the USA triggered a number of earth quakes and has depressed the earth’s surface at its location. 4. Although modern planning and design of dams is good, in the past old dams have been known to be breached (the dam gives under the weight of water in the lake). This has led to/


A disaster happening that you’ve never heard of…. Six months ago, on January 4th, 2010 in the remote Hunza River Valley of northern Pakistan, a massive.

dam breaks, a flash flood could threaten downstream villages. As water rises, locals use a makeshift pedestrian bridge to help them supply and evacuate in the Hunza River Valley in northern Pakistan. The pillars are from an under-construction "friendship bridge" for the now-partly-submerged Karakoram Highway. This image, acquired by the Advanced Land Imager (ALI) aboard NASAs Earth/ signaling an upcoming breach where nearly five months worth of river flow might wash away the dam and cause serious flooding/


In Other News Crude oil continues at ~$50/bbl

believe that increased combustion of fuels by civilization and industry releases green house gases (like CO2) that change the earth’s temperature balance The level of atmospheric CO2 and population have both grown over the last 150 years; is one/(aluminum plants) Boulder Dam (now Hoover) was built to supply Los Angeles, where many of the dam-haters live The Columbia River of Washington State has many dams, raising the controversy of fish migration and kills Some extremists want to breach dams to “let the /


Inquiry Unpacked. Write yourself a few notes…. If you walked into a science classroom where a great learning experience was occurring, what would you.

for predators –California Sea Lions  Similar challenges on upstream dams Societal Issues  Species protection and recovery  Power generation  Native American fishing rights  Should some of the dams be breached? Bonneville Dam Fish Cam Live Fish Cam Live Fish Cam (updated every /and one of several acceptable techniques used to count daily sunspot numbers Is sunspot activity determined by the Earth’s relative position around the Sun, such that the number of sunspots present correlate to the months /


1 Pertemuan 10 Bangunan Air Matakuliah: S0182/Studi Kasus Dalam Teknik Sipil Tahun: Juli 2005 Versi: 01/01.

web page is to present a series of slides that show the breakup of the dam from its incipient failure stage to when the dam was completely breached. The slides were taken by Mrs. Eunice Olson of St. Anthony, Idaho, who presented the set to the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Notre Dame, to sell and to subsidize, thereby, a scholarship for undergraduate/


17 Energy Sources CHAPTER. RTW: Monday Mar. 10, 2014 List a pro and a con for both mining methods. (they are listed on pg. 524 if you need a refreshing)

top kill” What did work: relief wells 2010: Deepwater Horizon oil well 1500 m below surface Largest U.S. offshore oil breach as of 2010— 21.2–33.5 million gal oil released during first 6 weeks, based on USGS rough estimates Hundreds /Dams alter ecosystems and affect organisms (especially fish). Dams trap soil-enriching silt, preventing it from reaching downstream. Building dams and reservoirs can displace people. Lesson 18.2 Hydropower and Ocean Power Lesson 18.3 Solar and Wind Energy In one day, the Earth /


HYDROPOW ER By: Tanasia Johnson, Erica Mullikin, Claudia Pagan, Tatiana Roberts, and Kristin Tucker.

cause serious geological damage. For example, the building of the Hoover Dam in the USA triggered a number of earth quakes and has depressed the earth’s surface at its location. Disadvantages of Hydropower  Although modern planning and design of dams is good, in the past old dams have been known to be breached (the dam gives under the weight of water in the lake). This has/


SR. NO.ENROLLMENT NO.NAME 1130190106033PATEL HARDIK 2130190106054SHAH SIDHARTH 3130190106055SOLANKI SHIRAZ.

ways 6. Construction of high earth platforms 7. Sluices LEVEES (EMBANKMENTS) Levees : A levees is an earth embankment. It is a sort of an earthen dam constructed along the river. In general, levees should satisfy the criteria of earth dam. The construction of levees is/ the following forms occur due to flood disaster: Erosion of agricultural land Loss of human life and animals Loss of property Breach of roads, canals, ponds, etc. Loss of forest and wild life INDIRECT DAMAGE In this case flood water does not/


Eileen Lucero Capstone Proposal July 26, 2016.  Background of Water Resources  Previous Studies  Project Goal  Tool Introduction  Method  Project.

electricity sources Turkish powership (Shaban, 2016) Protests over shortages (Mogollon and Kraul, 2016) Flood zone in case of dam breach (BBC, 2016)  Reservoir storage– US, foreign sites Surface area - MODIS imagery Radar altimetry – Database, Topex/Poseidon/ available Provides options for more research Watch multiple areas at once Code Editor Map Script Manager Console Output Google Earth Engine interface (Google, 2016) Map Center Object Script (Google, 2016)  Compare reservoir level trends from /


Presentation U.S. Commercial Property and Liability Insurance Key Points Hamptonjack.com.

Mobile Units. Vehicles, watercraft, and aircraft. Separate Risks. Mines, shafts, dams. Transit Property. Passing through or temporarily stored on the premises. Debris and /dishonest, fraudulent, criminal, and malicious acts. Directors and Officers Characteristics include: Breach of Fiduciary Duty. Failure to put the interests of organization above own interests/ Boiler and machinery. Business interruption. Inland and ocean marine. Earth movement. Fine arts. Crime insurance. Boiler and Machinery Coverage Two/


Read page 305 in Miller. Three Major River Basins in the Middle East.

Irreplaceable Resource That We Are Managing Poorly (1) Why is water so important? Earth as a watery world: 71% Freshwater availability: 0.024% Poorly managed resource Hydrologic cycle Water pollution Girl Carrying Well Water/number, and grave number. Toccoa Falls Ga. Dam Failure 1977 1:30 am 37 people died. View is looking upstream through dam breach Hoover dam and lake mead Large Dams and Reservoirs Have Advantages and Disadvantages (1) Main goals of a dam and reservoir system supplies drinking water.  Downstream/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

atmosphere, it loses heat and condenses into clouds. The water then returns to the Earth as precipitation; rain, snow, or ice. Some of that water will form /planted. In 1905, heavy rainfall and snowmelt caused the river to swell and breach the dikes of the canals. Two new rivers were carved out, causing / water from reaching the sea (Colorado River) devastates fish life; reduces biodiversity. Large dams and reservoirs can produce cheap electricity, reduce downstream flooding, and provide year-round water for/


Water Storage, Losses And Developing underground Water Usman Chopra Usman Chopra 2008-ag-1916 2008-ag-1916 Agronomy 7th Agronomy 7th.

has just 9%storage capacity. While pakistan has just 9%storage capacity. (a) Terbela dam reservoir World’s largest earth and rock filled dam was built at Terbela on river Indus in 1976 with a gross capacity of 11.62 maf. World’s /- Problems from Farmer’s Perspective o Unreliable and inequitable distribution of irrigation water. o Deterioration of the canal system and frequent breaches due to weak bands. o Increased cases of water theft and failure of management to check them. o Increase in water /


Read page 305 in Miller. Three Major River Basins in the Middle East.

Hydrologic cycle Water pollution Most surface freshwater is tied up in glaciers and icecaps Girl Carrying Well Water over Dried Out Earth during a Severe Drought in India We Get Freshwater from Groundwater and Surface Water (2) Surface Water ◦ Watershed or/farming St Louis (Mississippi River) TVA Reseviors fossil plants nuclear plants Toccoa Falls Gs. Dam Failure 1977 1:30 am 37 people died. View is looking upstream through dam breach *First and last names *Birth and death dates *TVA project name *State and /


Flooding Chapter 6. Learning Objectives Understand basic river processes Understand the process of flooding and the difference between flash floods and.

when in years of high waters, these controls are often breached When this happens neighborhoods are flooded and people are killed. Lesson learned construction of levees and dams provides a false sense of security Introduction to Rivers The study/found on the bottom of the stream. Small particles bouncing along are called saltation. Coarser pieces move by traction. Earth Material Transported by Rivers Rivers are basic transportation systems of the rock cycle They are the agents of erosion and deposition/


COP to the convetion of the transboundary effects of Industrial Accidents Workshop on the safety of Tailings Management Facilities November 12, 2007 Yerevan,

quantities of residual gold Cyanide contaminated water release (Baia Mare, Romania) Baia Mare: On 30 January 2000, a breach in the tailings dam of the Aurul S.A. Baia Mare Company, released some 100 000 m³ of cyanide-rich tailings waste into / many failures involving mine waste containment structures. 2 The reliability of mine waste containment structures is among the lowest of earth structures and risk-taking on the part of all stake-holders is excessive. 3 Design and performance requirements have changed/


1 Vulnerability of Pakistan to Climate Change Hazards Dr. M. Mohsin Iqbal Global Change Impact Studies Centre (GCISC) Islamabad “National Disaster Awareness.

image shows how the Gangotri Glacier terminus has retracted since 1780. Contour lines are approximate. (Image by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory; based on data provided by the ASTER Science Team; glacier retreat boundaries courtesy the La2020nd Processes Distributed Active Archive / 060212/0029 GLOFS in Pakistan As glaciers retreat, glacial lakes form behind moraine or ice dams’. These can breach anytime leading to floods known as Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) which can destroy: As glaciers retreat, glacial/


Cccea.hyd.ngri071109/sg1 The Pernicious Impact of Climate Change A call for action-NOW! A Presentation By Dr. V.P.JAUHARI, IAS. Chairman And Sanjay Gadhalay.

Dams have themselves become an important cause of floods. Embankment have disrupted the natural drainage system in flood plains. Deforestation and siltation of rivers has also compounded problem. NATURAL DISASTERS FLOOD - PRONE AREA (million hectares) SOCIAL IMPACT OF EMBANKMENTS Embankments encourage human occupation of the flood plains by instilling a false sense of security. When rivers in spate breach/climate and subsequent affect on other parts of the earth, such as in the ice capes over duration /


Case Studies 1963 Vaiont Disaster. Case Studies Ancient slide and recent small slide gave reason to worry.

of stream flow, how fast lake rises –Use of engineering controls (artificial breaches, spillways or tunnels) Dams from mudflows, debris flows and earth flows are noncohesive and erode quickly 2008 Earthquake in China Failure of Landslide Dams Most landslide dams fail when water overflows and erodes spillway that drains lake If dam-failure flood incorporates significant sediment, can turn into debris flow – much more dangerous Useful/


DAMSAFETY LEGISLATION IN FINLAND Markku Maunula Division Manager Finnish Environment Institute Almaty, April 2006.

Contents  Application of legislation  Dam requirements Hydrological design Structures (earth and rock, concrete, steel) Machinery Electrical facilities Monitoring and control facilities  The content of dam safety file  Commissioning inspection  Safety monitoring and inspections  Hazard risk assessment  Prevention of and precautions against a dam accident Dam safety: Hazard risk assesment Dam Break Hazard Analysis  To be analysed: different breach locations and scenarios different hydrological/


State of Missouri Geospatial Activity Briefing Ryan P. Lanclos State Geographic Information Officer (GIO) Information Technology Services Division, State.

-D capabilities for modeling HSAC: Geospatial Activity Briefing January 19, 2006 30 LiDAR Application Taum Sauk Dam Failure –600-foot-wide breach in the 55-acre reservoir atop Proffit Mountain –More than 1 billion gallons of water were released/for Springfield, MO Can be used to generate: –buildings –trees –bare-earth models Raw, first return data for Springfield, MO Can be used to generate: –buildings –trees –bare-earth models Source: ICREST project report HSAC: Geospatial Activity Briefing January 19, 2006/


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