Ppt on drugs and alcohol abuse

Chapter 9 Alcohol Acute effects Mechanisms of action Long-term effects

: Blood levels of alcohol after oral administration Why is there are a difference between the effect of alcohol on men and women? Metabolism of alcohol Another enzyme: P450 liver enzyemes Drug disposition toleranceCross tolerance 9.11 The effects of chronic alcohol use on the liver/ or more standard drinks in a day (or 8 or more per week) Some statistics for alcohol: Among heavy drinkers, 1 in 4 has alcohol abuse or dependence. About 3 in 10 adults drink at levels that elevate health risks. All heavy /


Build Your Business with the Department of Transportation Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) Qualification Presented by: Wanda McMichael, CAC II, NCAC.

transportation industry has worked hard to reduce the number of accidents and crashes directly related to drug and alcohol use. Human risk factors remain – some transportation workers do use illicit drugs or abuse alcohol, despite serious efforts to deter them. Substance Abuse Professional’s U.S. Department of Transportation Alcohol and Drug Testing Regulation Qualification and Requalification Course Overview of the DOT Alcohol and Drug Testing Program 49 Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

-billion dollar industry –Junk science The Growth of Drug Testing Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing:Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing: –The drug testing industry Lobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry AssociationLobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association –The alcohol industry –The private prison industry –The addiction recovery/


Www.aodhealth.org 1 Update on Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health November–December 2011.

care visit, having at least 1 yearly primary care visit, completing substance abuse treatment or receiving further treatment, completing substance abuse treatment or receiving further treatment, receiving alcohol or drug treatment when the alcohol or drug Addiction Severity Index (ASI) score at last assessment was higher than 0, and receiving alcohol or drug treatment when the alcohol or drug Addiction Severity Index (ASI) score at last assessment was higher than 0/


Substance Use Disorders What is a drug? Any substance other than food that affects our bodies or minds Current language uses the term “substance” rather.

this metabolism is 25% of an ounce per hour  You cant increase the speed of this process! Depressants: Alcohol Is All Drug Misuse the Same? DSM-5 has combined two past disorders, substance abuse (excessive and chronic reliance on drugs) and substance dependence (excessive reliance accompanied by tolerance and withdrawal symptoms) into a single category—substance use disorder. Critics worry that clinicians may now fail to recognize/


American Indians/Alaska Natives and Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: Positive Signs and Continuing Challenges Daniel Dickerson, D.O., M.P.H., Inupiaq.

(MTP). Our goals were to examine: 1) drug and alcohol use treatment outcomes between AI/AN and non-AI/AN samples 2) specific services received during treatment 3) treatment retention and completion patterns, and 4) pre- and post-treatment psychosocial, medical, and psychiatric characteristics. Hypotheses AI/AN would: 1) have less successful substance abuse treatment outcomes 2) although demonstrating more medical and psychiatric problems, would receive less of these services/


1 Substance Abuse Herbert Kleber, M.D.. 2 Key Points Addiction is both a chronic relapsing disorder & a treatable condition, comparable to adult onset.

/W IIW 41 *Gateway Drugs and Later Dependence Alcohol, nicotine, marijuana Use before age 15 Earlier use more likely to result in dependent young adults Risk of dependence varies by drug used 42 *Normal Growth and Development and Substance Abuse Hormonal control: growth hormone, testosterone Drugs disrupt hormone release/effects Adolescent struggle for independence Pseudoindividuation of drug abuse Experimentation vs. dependence on drugs 43 *Drug Abuse and Adolescent Development Drug use as integral to/


Abnormal Psychology in a Changing World Eighth Edition Jeffrey S. Nevid/Spencer A. Rathus/Beverly Greene Chapter 9 Substance Abuse and Dependence Prepared.

. Cognitive Perspectives Evidence supports the role of cognitive factors in substance abuse and dependence, especially the role of expectancies. Alcohol or other drug use may also boost self- efficacy expectations—personal expectancies we hold about our ability to successfully perform tasks. Expectancies may account for the “one-drink effect”—the tendency of chronic alcohol abusers to binge once they have a drink. Copyright (c) 2011 Pearson/


Integrative management of alcohol and substance abuse Presented to: Integrative Mental Health of Oregon 20 February, 2009 James Lake MD www.IntegrativeMentalHealth.net.

by physical activity). Because of demonstrated mental health benefits regular exercise should be strongly encouraged in all patients who abuse alcohol and drugs (ie, assuming the absence of medical problems aggrivated by physical activity). Mindfulness training Mindfulness training is widely offered in drug and alcohol relapse prevention programs and probably reduces the risk of relapse (Breslin, Curtis, Zack, Martin, McMain, & Shelley, 2002). Mindfulness training is widely offered in/


DO NOW WHAT ARE SOME POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE INFLUENCES THAT DRUGS HAVE ON PEOPLE?WHAT ARE SOME POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE INFLUENCES THAT DRUGS HAVE ON PEOPLE?

other grades in 1991 National estimates of the past month, past year, and lifetime use of tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, and non-medical use of prescription drugsNational estimates of the past month, past year, and lifetime use of tobacco, alcohol, illicit drugs, and non-medical use of prescription drugs Also measures disapproval and perceived harmfulness & availability Extent of Drug Use in US (NSDUH) NSDUH findings: Lifetime use: 114.3 million users/


OBJECTIVES  Identify the two ASAPs  Identify the conditions that require a Soldier to be processed for administrative separation for substance abuse.

AR 600-85 1-31 states: The Army Substance Abuse Program is a command program that emphasizes readiness and personal responsibility. The command role in prevention, biochemical testing, early identification, rehabilitation and administrative or judicial actions is essential. Commanders will ensure that all officials and supervisors support the ASAP. Army Substance Abuse Program Organization Drug and Alcohol Counselors Alcohol & Drug Control Officer (ADCO) Employee Assistance Program Coordinator (EAPC/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

% involved illicit drugs (31% alone, 13% with alcohol, 8% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) –#1 cocaine, #2 marijuana, #3 stimulants –33% involved alcohol (7% alone, 13% with illilcit drugs, 10% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) ER Visits, 2009 1.2 million visits involving pharmaceutical drugs (100% increase over 2004) 974,000 visits involving illicit drugs (constant) Alcohol-related ER visits increasing, especially among teens Drug Use/Abuse 31 million/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

with a vested interest in promoting drug testing: –The drug testing industry Lobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry AssociationLobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association –The alcohol industry –The private prison industry –The addiction recovery industry –Entrepreneurs who own treatment centers and drug testing firms The “Science” Behind Drug Testing: Costs $35,000 - $77,000/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

have illicit drugs abuse/dependence; 1.9 million Americans show alcohol dependence/abuse rate Drug Use and ER Visits, 2006 1.7 million drug-related ER visits1.7 million drug-related ER visits –62% involved illicit drugs (31% alone, 13% with alcohol, 8% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) –#1 cocaine, #2 marijuana, #3 stimulants –33% involved alcohol (7% alone, 13% with illilcit drugs, 10% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) Drug Use and ER Visits/


JUNIOR SAILOR ADVANCEMENT WORKSHOP (JSAW) SK1(AW) Kesha McKibben DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL.

Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention and Control Deputy CNO: -Navy Drug and Alcohol Abuse Program policy -Interfaces with DoD Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention and Control Commander, Naval Personnel Command -Develop, establish, and maintain all non-clinical training and education -Establish Navy urinalysis requirements and conduce quarterly inspections of the 3 Navy Drug Screening Laboratories -Maintain ADMITS (Alcohol and Drug Management Information and Tracking System) Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention and/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

-billion dollar industry –Junk science The Growth of Drug Testing Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing:Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing: –The drug testing industry Lobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry AssociationLobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association –The alcohol industry –The private prison industry –The addiction recovery/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

-billion dollar industry –Junk science The Growth of Drug Testing Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing:Groups with a vested interest in promoting drug testing: –The drug testing industry Lobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry AssociationLobbying groups include the Drugs of Abuse Testing Coalition and the Drug and Alcohol Testing Industry Association –The alcohol industry –The private prison industry –The addiction recovery/


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

% involved illicit drugs (31% alone, 13% with alcohol, 8% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) –#1 cocaine, #2 marijuana, #3 stimulants –33% involved alcohol (7% alone, 13% with illilcit drugs, 10% with pharmaceuticals, 3% with pharmaceuticals and alcohol) ER Visits, 2009 1.2 million visits involving pharmaceutical drugs (100% increase over 2004) 974,000 visits involving illicit drugs (constant) Alcohol-related ER visits increasing, especially among teens Drug Use/Abuse 31 million/


Supervisor Drug Awareness and Reasonable Suspicion Training Class Puiggari & Associates Consulting Services, PLLC 2014 1.

Apology Diversions 38 Innocence Anger Pity Tears Company’s Legal Responsibility Case law has held that companies that do not take reasonable action to counteract drug and alcohol abuse are failing to fulfill their legal obligations o To provide safe and secure workplace o Employers are legally responsible for actions of employees while on the job o Legal obligation to shareholders to protect assets of/


Healthy Living : Smoking, Alcohol & Party Drugs. By K V Liew, Edmund.

drug detoxification. Important issue of dual diagnosis (chicken and egg). Important issue of dual diagnosis (chicken and egg). ? No such facilities in Hong Kong. ? No such facilities in Hong Kong. Alcoholics Anonymous, tel=25225665. Alcoholics Anonymous, tel=25225665. Party Drugs @ Psychotropic Drugs/ & 12% were still going to schools. Average age was 24yrs. old. Of the total no. of psychotropic substance abusers, 76% were male, 51% were aged <21, 55% were previously convicted, 41% were unemployed, 36% have /


Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding Mandated Drug Testing of Physicians Urine Trouble Practical, Legal, and Ethical Issues Surrounding.

general population Not at increased risk for alcoholismNot at increased risk for alcoholism Practicing Physician Substance Use and Abuse 10-15% of all healthcare professionals misuse drugs or alcohol at some point in their careers10-15% of all healthcare professionals misuse drugs or alcohol at some point in their careers –15% of surgeons met criteria for alcohol abuse in 2012 study (but low response rate) Unsupervised use by MDs/


A.L.PadjenBOM U8: Drug Abuse 20021 Drugs of Abuse and Adaptive Changes I. Introduction Dr. A. L. Padjen Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics McGill.

U8: Drug Abuse 200229 5. List of drugs liable to be abused... 1.Society and drugs 2.Clarify concepts and terminology 3.Etiology of drug abuse 4.Factors affecting drug abuse and adaptive mechanisms. 5.Short review of drugs liable to be abused 6.Possible mechanism(s) of pharmacological interventions in addiction(s). A.L.PadjenBOM U8: Drug Abuse 200230 5.1.a. Drugs liable to be abused... CNS Stimulants Cocaine Amphetamines Ecstasy Nicotine Caffeine CNS Depressants Alcohol Benzodiazepines/


TOXOLOGY OF DRUGS OF ABUSE The terminology used in discussing drug dependence, abuse, and addiction has long been confusing. Confusion stems from the fact.

. In these cases, the lethal dose does not increase proportionately to the sedating dose thus the margin of safety (therapeutic index) is decreased. 17 TOXOLOGY OF DRUGS OF ABUSE CNS Depressants Tolerance, Physical Dependence, and Withdrawal Heavy consumers of alcohol not only acquire tolerance but also inevitably develop a state of physical dependence. This often leads to drinking in the morning to restore blood/


Alcohol Related Brain Damage ARBD Wernicke-Korsakoffs: Clinical Characteristics Acute presentation (Wernicke’s): –Ataxia –Global confusional state.

, (2006). Role of alcohol and drugs in homicides in England and Wales. Addiction, 101, 117-1124. 4. Pihl, Ro & LeMarquand D (1998) Serotonin and aggression and the alcohol-aggression relationship. Alcohol and Alcoholism 33, 55-65. 5. Alderman, N (2004). Behaviour Disorders. In Ponsfrod, J. (Ed). Cognitive and Behavioural rehabilitation: From Neurobiology To Clinical Practice. The Guilford press. 6. Taylor et al, (2003). TBI and Substance Abuse: A Review and analysis of the literature/


Inhalants Drugs and Our Society Part 16. Types of Inhalants 1. Breathable chemical vapors - psychoactive effects / mind-altering - vaporize at room temperature.

Inhalants Drugs and Our Society Part 16 Types of Inhalants 1. Breathable chemical vapors - psychoactive effects / mind-altering - vaporize at room temperature a. Household / workplace products - can be inhaled - spray paints / gules / cleaning fluids - do not think of as drugs - never meant for intoxicating effect b. Young children / adolescents easily obtain Types, cont. - most likely abuse extremely toxic b. Effects: similar to alcohol - CNS depressant - more/


Never Too Old: Substance Use Problems and Older Adults The University of Texas at Austin June 2009.

to begin heavy drinking later in life.  Older people are largest users of Rx drugs, and women prescribed more psychoactive Rx drugs than men.  Most older adults do not intend to abuse Rx drugs (less nontherapeutic use than younger people). (Blow, 1998; Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, 2002; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2000) Alcohol Metabolism and Aging Tolerance to alcohol decreases because:  Lean body mass decreases (as body water decreases/


Abnormal Psychology | Ronald J. Comer | Ninth Edition Copyright © 2015 by Worth Publishers. All rights reserved Substance Use and Addictive Disorders Chapter.

. Comer | Ninth Edition Copyright © 2015 by Worth Publishers. All rights reserved Behavioral Therapies Aversion therapy is most commonly applied to alcohol abuse/dependence –In one version, drinking behavior is paired with drug- induced nausea and vomiting –Another version of this approach requires people with alcoholism to imagine extremely upsetting, repulsive, or frightening scenes while they are drinking A behavioral approach that has been successful in/


Chapter 3: Alcohol and Other Drugs “Substance abuse, the nation’s number one preventable health problem, places an enormous burden on American society,

in statewide referendums concerning the cost effectiveness of government policies. Over the past decade, voters and state governments have enacted significant drug policy reforms. Understanding Alcohol and Other Drug Use In summary, substance abuse—that is, drugs and their use—is socially defined. As the structure of society changes, the acceptability of one drug or another changes as well. There are two issues that need to be addressed in/


6/14/20161 ALCOHOL & SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS I DEFINITIONS, DIAGNOSES & AETIOLOGICAL FACTORS BEING THE TEXT OF LECTURE DELIVERED AT THE FACULTY OF PSYCHIATRY,

prevention for reducing cue responsiveness (exposure to cues) ●Drug – Avoidance ●Priming Doses of Drugs and Response Prevention. Some drugs serve as cues for other drugs e.g. Alcohol consumption has an important cue to cocaine relapse. Extinction methods must transfer from treatment setting to the outside world. 176 ▲Stress Stress has long been implicated in drug abuse. Addicts tend to experience a high level of stressful events. One/


Drugs and Alcohol. How drugs enter the body. 1. Mouth: the most common way for pills, liquid, and capsules to enter the body and go to the stomach for.

. Recovery programs are available for people recovering from drug abuse. Narcotics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous Recovery programs are available for people recovering from drug abuse. Narcotics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous Student assistance programs are school based programs to help prevent and treat alcoholism and other drug dependencies. Student assistance programs are school based programs to help prevent and treat alcoholism and other drug dependencies. Relapse is a return to a previous behavior/


Substance Abuse By: Joe Gonzalez & Danielle Lyner.

: Joe Gonzalez & Danielle Lyner What is substance abuse?  Over-indulgence or dependence on an addictive substance, especially alcohol or drugs. Commonly Abused Substances  Alcohol  Wine  Liquor  Beer  Drugs  Cocaine  Heroin  Meth  Marijuana  Crack- Cocaine Alcohol  Statistics  About 88,000 people die annually from alcohol abuse  Third leading preventable cause of death in United States  17 million adults, 18 years and older suffered from alcohol abuse in 2012  11.2 million men  5/


The Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse MICHIGAN LAW:. The Health Risks of Alcohol Abuse MICHIGAN LAW: An individual must be 21 years of age in order to purchase,

include withdrawal symptoms) Counseling (The person learns to change behaviors and live alcohol- free) Recovery (The person takes responsibility for his or her own life) The Impact of Alcohol Abuse Resources to Aid Recovery The Impact of Alcohol Abuse Resources to Aid Recovery Alcoholics Anonymous National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Referral Routing Service National Association for Children of Alcoholics Al-Anon/Alateen Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) Students Against Destructive Decisions/


Drugs and Substance Abuse BD HIV and AIDS Class Maryann Mwangi.

. 4.To explore intervention strategies, especially in relation to HIV and AIDS 5.To describe and understand the relationship between Alcohol and drug abuse. 6.To explore and understand the unique challenges of HIV management in the presence of Alcohol and drug abuse 33 GREAT CHALLENGES TO THE YOUTH NOPROBLEM 1ALCOHOL, DRUG AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE 2PRE-MARITAL SEX 3HOMOSEXUALITY 4LESBIANISM Definition of Drugs A drug can be defined as any substance that affects the function of/


INFLUENCE SUBSTANCE USE, ADDICTION AND RELATED BEHAVIOURS.

ADOLESCENTS CAN BECOME ADDICTED TO? SUBSTANCE ABUSE PRESCRIPTION DRUGS PRESCRIPTION DRUGS ALCOHOL ALCOHOL TOBACCO TOBACCO CHEW CHEW NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS WHITE BOARDS WHAT ARE SOME OTHER THINGS/.) LIFE PARTNER AND CHILDREN LIFE PARTNER AND CHILDREN POLITICAL SYSTEM (LIBERAL OR SOCIALIST OR CONSERVATIVE) POLITICAL SYSTEM (LIBERAL OR SOCIALIST OR CONSERVATIVE) NON-PHYSICAL EFFECTS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE DRUG ABUSE AFFECTS ALL ASPECTS/


Presented by : Adenike Atanda, Pharm.D. COMBATING SUBSTANCE ABUSE: A review of therapeutic management.

Practice Areas-Statements. 2013: 305-308 RESOURCES National Institute on Drug Abuse www.drugabuse.gov National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism www.Niaaa.nih.gov Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration www.samhsa.gov Questions Aatanda@valleyhealthlink.com REFERENCES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Substance Use and Mental Health Estimates from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health-Overview of Findings. The NSDUH Report. Sept 2014. National/


1. What is Nonmedical use of Prescription Drugs

.kaisernetwork.org/health_cast/uploaded_files/Colle%20Commission%20Slides%20FINAL.pdf Source: CASA’s analysis of the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Tragic Consequences of Alcohol Abuse • 1,717 students died from alcohol-related injuries (2001) This is 5 students/day • 97,000 students victims of alcohol-related sexual assaults or rape (2001) • 696,000 students assaulted by other students who were drinking (2001) 78/


Co-Occurring Disorders

a direct relationship between injecting drugs and suicide attempts. Evaluating Teens for Attempting Suicide Any combination of these risk factors can be key in recognizing potential teen suicide:   Family history - This can include a family history of suicide, mental disorders, and/or substance  abuse.  Substance Abuse - The use of alcohol and other drugs, including prescription and over the counter drugs can create feelings of dependency, illness and depression. When this leads/


1. Fitness and Wellness and Stress Management (14 hrs.)

of alcohol and drug abuse in law enforcement. Finally, we will share some of our own experiences regarding the problem of alcohol/drug abuse in law enforcement agencies specifically within Texas. The Problem of Work Place Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the U. S. Most experts would agree that alcohol and drug abuse affects a significant number of U.S. workers. While firm data are difficult to obtain, estimates are: Approximately 10% suffer from alcohol abuse to/


Recovery: The Family’s Process of Healing and Hope

diagnosed with a co morbid psychological problem Parent who is abusing alcohol or other drugs May be chronically physically ill from using drugs or alcohol Spends times procuring, using, and recovering from the alcohol or drug use instead of parenting May be engaged in illegal activities Places financial stress on the family system A Parent who is using drugs and alcohol affects the children around him or her in many ways/


Substance Abuse Training and Education Project.  This substance abuse training program was developed to assist in understanding the impact of alcohol.

change those habits. Individuals can also find out about facilities in their communities that offer drug and alcohol abuse treatment and consultations with qualified health professionals regarding alcohol problems. www.alcoholscreening.org  Al-Anon/Alateen www.al-anon.alateen.org Al-Anon provides information on the effects of alcohol abuse and refers friends and families of alcohol abusers to nearby support groups. Alateen is the organization’s program for young people whose/


Click icon to add picture Click to edit Master text styles Understanding Drug and Alcohol Problems Information for Managers and Employees in a Drug-Free.

based on isolated observable behaviors that individuals may exhibit. The following descriptions of use, abuse and addiction are used by health care professionals who specialize in drug and alcohol disorders and reflect the progression that may occur. Understanding alcohol and drug problems Click icon to add picture Click to edit Master text styles Alcohol and other drugs may be used in a socially accepted or medically authorized manner to modify or control/


DEMAND REDUCTION IN JAMAICA A BRIEF CASE STUDY. CARL STONE SURVEY 1991. COCAINE & CRACK COCAINE ABUSE COCAINE & CRACK COCAINE ABUSE MALE FEMALE MALE FEMALE.

of civic pride. Lack of hope. Lack of hope. DISORDERS AMONG YOUTH SUBSTANCE ABUSE SUBSTANCE ABUSE DEPRESSION DEPRESSION VIOLENCE VIOLENCE IRRESPONSIBLE SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IRRESPONSIBLE SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR. SUICIDE SUICIDE NATIONAL DRUG USE 2002. Excerpt from 2001 National Survey ESTIMATES OF SUBSTANCE USE AND TREATMENT NEEDS 5.9% of population or 92,800 Jamaicans have alcohol related problems. 5.9% of population or 92,800 Jamaicans have/


Mike DeVillaer Manager, Provincial Projects Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) & Dept. of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences Faculty of.

(2002) Rehm J. et.al. (2006). The Costs of Substance Abuse in Canada, 2002. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. Drug-related deaths = 15,253 What have we covered so far ? 1) 1)drug use and drug problems are widespread in Ontario 2) most of the harm is associated with the use of tobacco & alcohol Why Tobacco & Alcohol ? & Tobacco & Alcohol Ads: glamour & sophistication athleticism & virility romance & sexuality cultural mythology The/


BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing

Overview of CP-318 Employee responsibilities Supervisors’ responsibilities Employee Assistance Program Protecting confidentiality References Objectives of Non-Manual Supervisor Training BESH Core Process 318: Drug and Alcohol Abuse Testing Supervisors should have a working knowledge of: The effects of substance abuse The requirements of CP-318 Their role in the process Employee Assistance Program provisions How to intervene in problem situations Scope of the United/


David E. Pollio, PhD George Warren Brown School of Social Work David E. Pollio, PhD George Warren Brown School of Social Work H OMELESSNESS, D RUG ABUSE,

months MEAN SERVICE UNITS PER SECTOR units of use SERVICE USE AND ANY DRUG ABUSE/DEPENDENCE DIAGNOSIS All relationships significant at p >.05 units of use SERVICE USE AND MOOD/PSYCHOTIC DIAGNOSIS All relationships significant at p >.05 units of use SERVICE USE AND SPECIFIC DRUG/ALCOHOL DIAGNOSES Cocaine diagnosis (n=146):  less shelter use  greater outpatient and inpatient SA Cannabis diagnosis (n=48):  no differences Opioid diagnosis/


Competency III: Women and Addiction © NORTHEAST REGIONAL FAS EDUCATION AND TRAINING CENTER. 2006.

Pattern of Substance Use in Women Women are more likely to abuse prescription drugs and sedative hypnotics Shorter course of disease-telescoping More likely to use alone or in private Age of first use about the same as for males Certain genetic profiles associated with altered risk Models of Alcohol Addiction Historical models- alcohol-related problems can be defined in many way How we conceptualize/


People in Essex live in safe communities and are protected from harm Essex County Council Commissioning Strategy (2014 – 2018) Version: consultation draft.

of this is interlinked with the causes of crime or its manifestations – including; drink, drugs, mental health issues, domestic abuse, etc. People who take part in excessive alcohol consumption are at higher risk of accidental injury and death. It is also relevant to understand how drug and alcohol abuse, the night time economy, and general health trends contribute to hospital admissions as a result of injuries to adults: Although/


SUBSTANCE ABUSE SCREENING IN PREGNANCY Presented by- Debby Carapezza, RN, MSN Nurse Consultant Utah Department of Health Reproductive Health Program January.

one of the most important risks encountered in contemporary obstetrics. Therefore, all patients should be questioned thoroughly about substance abuse (including alcohol and tobacco) at the time of their first prenatal visit. (ACOG, 1994) Not to worry! We all ask about drug & alcohol use – don’t we??? PRAMS* asks new moms, – “During your prenatal visits, did a doctor, nurse, or other health care worker talk/


SUBSTANCE USE DISORDERS

problems bullet 3: The criteria of withdrawal may not be applicable to all drugs Diagnosing Substance Use Disorders Although different drugs produce different physiological and psychological effects, the same criteria list is used to diagnose both substance dependence and substance abuse What are the implications for diagnosing cannabis dependence (no withdrawal symptoms) and alcohol dependence, which does lead to withdrawal symptoms? The same criteria is used for/


Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Marin County Training Thomas E. Freese, Ph.D. Valerie Pearce MPH.

brief interview by physicians, nurses, or other clinical staff Has been demonstrated to be superior to other screening instruments in detecting alcohol abuse and dependence* Limitations: Designed for screening only and is not a diagnostic tool Screens only for alcohol use and not other drugs CAGE Alcohol Screen (cont) Have you ever: C – felt the need to cut down your drinking? A – felt annoyed at criticism of your/


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