Ppt on data collection methods for research

1 Lecture 4 of 4711 Social Research Methods I 29.9.03 5-6pm.

-Depends 2.Avoid own bias –Better than average 3.Choose an attainable project -Usually 4.Convince others –Average 34 Survey research skills: Choose sampling Design survey variables Data collection methods (eg postal, telephone, face-to-face, internet) Process data Analyse data files on computer (eg SPSS) Report / highlight results 35 Surveys: some examples 1. Historical: The earliest surveys were attempts to understand the nature and causes/

Dissertation Research Proposal: Susceptibility modeling & mission flight route optimization in a low threat, combat environment Brett J. Machovina University.

Landscapes, Homeland Defense (GSIS), GIS Modeling, Research Identification*, Application Design & Production*Fundamental Geog Perspectives, Geog Research Methods, Adv. Geog Statistics, Urban Landscapes, Homeland Defense (GSIS), GIS Modeling, Research Identification*, Application Design & Production* 2008 2008 SummerSummer June: IRB, AFSPC June: IRB, AFSPC July 7-12: data collection July 7-12: data collection Dissertation Research Dissertation Research FallFall GIS Database Design, International Terrorism/


a variable STEPS 2: Select research method and design the study Depends on nature of the question Experiments, case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation, etc… STEPS 3: Collect the data How data is collected depends on what is being investigated STEPS 4: Analyze data and draw conclusions Statistics are/: it is lying, may diminish trust, may produce distress in subjects ANIMAL RESEARCH Some treatments are unacceptable for humans Only 7-8% of all psychological studies involve animals Very controversial

Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 3 Key Concepts and Steps in Qualitative and Quantitative Research.

Study (cont.) Phase 2: Design and Planning Phase (cont.) 10. Specifying methods to measure research variables and collect data 11. Developing methods to protect human/animal rights 12. Finalizing and reviewing the research plan Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Major Steps in a Quantitative Study (cont.) Phase 3: Empirical Phase 13. Collecting data 14. Preparing data for analysis Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Major/

Business Research Methods William G. Zikmund Chapter 4: The Business Research Process.

technique Sampling ProbabilityNonprobability Collection of data (fieldwork) Editing and coding data Data processing Interpretation of findings Report Data Gathering Data Processing and Analysis Conclusions and Report Research Design Problem Discovery and Definition The Business Research Process Problem Discovery Exploratory Research Selection of the Basic Research Method Selection of Sample Design Collection of the Data The Research Process (cont.) Editing and Coding Data ProcessingInterpretation of the/

Sociology as a Science. Sociologists use a range of methods to do research.

a Science Sociologists use a range of methods to do research. Many Sociologists think the purpose of Sociology is to make policy proposals based on research. POSITIVISM – The Scientific approach Positivism is used by all Sociologists but mainly structural approaches like Functionalism and Marxism Methods Collection of Primary data through: Questionnaires, Structured Interviews,Content analysis,Experiments. Use of secondary data like official statistics which have already been/

Psychology I Psychological Research Methods and Statistics.

, questionnaires, or a combination of both to obtain data. Methods of Research: Longitudinal Studies Longitudinal study: a method of research in which data are collected about a group of participants over a period of years/methods of conduct or standards for proper and responsible behavior. The (APA) American Psychological Association published a set of ethical principles regarding the collection, storage, and use of psychological date. Problems and Solutions in Research: Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Researchers/

Chapter 5 Information Technology and Marketing Research.

be sampled? bSample size? bSample selection bProbability or non probability sampling method Define Problem Research Design Selecting A Sample Information Systems: Marketing Research Process - Stage Four and Five Define Problem Research Design Selecting A Sample Collecting Data Analysis Information Systems: Marketing Research Process - Stage Six and Seven Define Problem Research Design Selecting A Sample Collecting Data Analysis Conclusions & Report Follow up Information Systems: Sales Forecasting US GDP/

Week 3 Qualitative Approaches to Field Research GEOG 4520B 3.0 Research Design and Field Studies Department of Geography Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional.

by epistemological and ontological ideas). (Kitchin & Tate, 2000: 6). Methodology: the philosophy of doing research. Methodology “embraces issues of methods of data collection and analysis when these are grounded in the bedrock of a specific view on the nature of ‘/ Include a preliminary list of questions / an outline of your method as you envision applying it in the field. 1-2 pages 4. Chronology / timetable Outline a schedule for your research, identifying what components you hope to accomplish and when (a/

Social Science & Natural Resources Research Design, Methods & Measures ESRM 304 Environmental and Resource Assessment ESRM 304 Environmental and Resource.

a focus develop research questions choose a research approach collect the data carry out analysis report what you’ve found select methods Research Cycle Robson & Galvan decide on a focus develop research questions choose a research approach report what /– To investigate possible cause and effect relationships by observing some existing consequence and search back through the data for plausible casual factors. To investigate differences and similarities between such recreations groups as those who are self /

Advanced Methods and Models in Behavioral Research – 2009/2010 AMMBR course design CONTENT METHOD Y is 0/1 conjoint analysis logistic regression multi-level.

logistic regression multi-level methods our own survey Advanced Methods and Models in Behavioral Research – 2009/2010 DATA COLLECTION Advanced Methods and Models in Behavioral Research – 2009/2010 Data collection surveys not ready to /Methods and Models in Behavioral Research – 2009/2010 On individual vs aggregate data For instance: X = introvertX = age of McDonald’s employee Y = school resultsY = like the manager Advanced Methods and Models in Behavioral Research – 2009/2010 Had we only known, that the data/

Selecting a method of data collection. Differences in methods of data collection in quantitative and qualitative research Most methods of data collection.

a method of data collection Differences in methods of data collection in quantitative and qualitative research Most methods of data collection can be used in both qualitative and quantitative research. The distinction is mainly due to the restrictions imposed on flexibility, structure, sequential order, depth and freedom that a researcher has in their use during the research process. Quantitative methods favour these restrictions whereas qualitative ones advocate against them. The classification of a method/

Sociology 12. Outcome 1.3 1.3 analyze a variety of appropriate sociological research methods 1.3.1 Describe common sociological research methods. 1.3.2.

with a theory Inductive: begins with data collection and analysis The Research Process There are three dominant theories on research: Quantitative Qualitative Mixed Methods Quantitative Research Uses numerical data to measure the results of the study. Select and define the research problem. Review previous research. Formulate the hypothesis. Develop the research design. Collect & Analyze the data. Draw Conclusions & Report the Findings. Qualitative Research Uses observation, interviews, reflections, field/

Data Analysis. Qualitative vs. Quantitative Data collection methods can be roughly divided into two groups. It is essential to understand the difference.

understand the difference between them…Data collection methods can be roughly divided into two groups. It is essential to understand the difference between them… Quantitative – Research conducted with the aim of generating measurable numerical data. It assumes that variables /significance – is said to exist when the probability that the observed findings are due to chance is very low. For psychological findings, the threshold of 5% or.05 is considered statistically significant. That is, 5 chance results in /

1.5 Conducting start-up market research. Candidates should be able to: define market research explain the difference between primary and secondary research.

of the market. 1.5 Secondary research Secondary research 1.5 Secondary market research Sources of secondary research: 1.5 Secondary market research Advantages of secondary research: Disadvantages: 1.5 Primary research Primary research 1.5 Primary research methods 1.5 Primary market research Advantages of primary research: 1.5 Primary market research Disadvantages: 1.5 Quantitative versus qualitative data Quantitative data is _________ data e.g. It can be collected by questionnaire, telephone surveys or/


is nature of school culture at Washington High School?) DATA COLLECTION -- QUALITATIVE STUDIES: ORGANIZING NARRATIVE DATA Logico-inductive Analysis: Qualitative data are analyzed using a thorough process of logic to make sense of patterns and trends in the data. Coding: Method for ‘marking’ or indicating patterns in data. OTHER RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed-method Research Design: uses both qualitative and quantitative processes. Action Research: Address local-level issues / find solutions: Riel’s Model/

MYERS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH IN BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT Sage Publications Limited © 2008 Michael D. Myers All Rights Reserved RESEARCH DESIGN Chapter 3.

Research design2 QUALITATIVE RESEARCH IN BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT Research design  Research design involves specifying your philosophical assumptions, your research method, which data collection techniques you will use, your approach to qualitative data analysis, your approach to writing up, and, if applicable, how you plan to publish your findings  A research design provides a road map for the entire project  The first step is deciding upon a topic  How do you decide/

SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY RESEARCH DESIGN. RESEARCH AND THEORY Sociologists use the scientific method to examine society. We assume: Sociologists use the scientific.

4. Design the research method that specifies how the data will be gathered. Steps to doing research 5. Select a sample of people or groups from the population 6. Collect the data using appropriate research methods 7. Analyze the data, figuring out exactly what the study tells us about the question 8. Draw conclusions and present the final report including suggestions for future research Designing the Research Method Survey method-used when sociologist want/

CHAPTER 2 Examining Our Social World. Social Research Examines human behavior Is guided by rules and procedures Involves the objective gathering of data.

on a project will be less likely to experience conflicts. The Research Process (cont.) 4. Describe the data collection methods –Set up a situation where some students work with others. 5. Collect the data. –Observe students before, during, and after the “work together” situation. 6. Present the findings. –Analyze the data and present the findings. The Research Process (cont.) 7. Analyze and explain the results. –Explain why the/

Criminal Justice and Criminology Research Methods, Second Edition Kraska / Neuman © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey.

Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All Rights Reserved Collecting Qualitative Data 1. Ethnographic Field Research A method in which the researcher engages the natural environment of their subjects and strives for an up close, personal, and highly detailed understanding of the research subjects’ culture. 13 Criminal Justice and Criminology Research Methods, Second Edition Kraska / Neuman © 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc Upper Saddle River/

1. 2 The Scientific Method involves a series of steps that are used to investigate a natural occurrence.

/or charts. o Collect data also by taking photographs of your experiment. 10 Steps of the Scientific Method Conclusion 6. Conclusion: o A statement that accepts or rejects the hypothesis. o Make recommendations for further study and possible improvements to the procedure. 11 Steps of the Scientific Method Communicate the Results 7. Communicate the Results: o An explanation of your project in a research paper (abstract/

Collections, Predictive Analytics and Taxpayer Compliance Management

for /collection actions Low-Risk Treatment Scenarios (SC) Medium-Risk Treatment Scenarios (SC) High-Risk Treatment Scenarios (SC) Treatment Scenarios in MA (Initial Design) Treatment A NOA Phone Auto - Call & RP NOD FN & Call & Open or Yes Field [ Med . Risk ] Research/Data Payment History Filing History & Methods Other A/R History Original Registration Data Registration Status Updates Federal Return Data RAR, CP2000 Fed Audits Industry Trend Data SIC Code Standards Other States ’ Tax Credit Bureau Data/

Action Research EDUU 604 Dr. Ray Gen.

regarding the topic Write an evocative question which is researchable and significant Methods Describes your subjects demographics achievement levels circumstances Methods    Procedures Outline your step by step plan for investigating the problem or question Be sure and describe what data you collected, how you collected it and why you decided upon your particular method of collection Describe what you did Methods Cycle 1 – describe what you did Interim – reflect on/

Qualitative social research methods Case Studies in Qualitative Research. Leah Wild Week 6.

subcultural group simultaneously. Purpose of Qualitative study: There are 5 purposes for research Identification – when little is known about area/phenomena Description – describing dimensions, variations, meaning, importance of/questions. Core feature is that data collection, analysis and sampling occur simultaneously until data saturation is achieved. Termed the Constant Comparative Method. Multi-Method Research (Integrated Design) Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in a single study. Have/

Chapter 2: Nonexperimental Research Approaches This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.

bias –Social desirability bias –Response set Obtaining participants –Haphazard sample –Random sample Qualitative Research Definition –Interpretative –Multimethod –Conducted in field or natural setting Issue in qualitative researchthe accuracy of the data collected Phenomenology Definitiondescription of conscious experience of phenomenon Primary method of data collection--in-depth interviews Analysis of interview data –Extract phrases and statement that pertain to phenomenon –Interpret and give meaning to/

Research Methodology and the Scientific Method SUBTITLE.

other people. Internal Validity: Groups within the experiment are matched for all features except that being investigated to ensure that no other factor affects the results Different Types of Research Design Descriptive Study: The research examines differences between populations over time to identify patterns or trends Qualitative research: The research is more subjective, collecting non-numerical data or explanations. It is often used to determine what exactly/

Chapter 6 Research Design : An Overview

research environment Field setting Laboratory research Simulation The participants’ perceptions of research activity Actual routine Modified routine 2013/10/28 Degree of Research Question Crystallization Exploratory study Formal study 2013/10/28 Method of Data Collection Monitoring Communication study 2013/10/28 Researcher/ are listed in the slide. Some examples of groups who might be identified for an experience survey include potential car buyers, dealer sales representatives, advertising columnists, and/

Window on Humanity Conrad Kottak Third Edition Chapter 2 Ethics and Methods © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All right reserved.

. All right reserved. Bioarchaeology Study of human skeletons to reconstruct physical traits, health status, diet Look for evidence of social status, diet, genetic differences © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All right reserved. /. Research methods in cultural anthropology – Cultural anthropology and sociology Share interest in social relations, organization, and behavior Sociology traditionally focused on large, industrialized Western nations – Questionnaires, collection of masses of quantifiable data –/

Critical Appraisal of Qualitative Research Jenny Tancock, Clinical Librarian, FGH 01229 491297 Alison Harry, R+D Co-ordinator,

Process 3. Data Collection Methods are determined by the nature of the research question posed observation - looking at non verbal/verbal behaviour by notes, audio/video interviews - unstructured or semi-structured text - diaries, case notes, letters focus groups - semi-structured or unstructured Are the methods used suitable for the question? Is it clear how the data were collected? Is it clear where the data were collected? Has the researcher considered ethical/

Qualitative Research An Introduction

are all interrelated and interactive set of processes Allows researcher to recognise important themes, patterns and relationships as you collect data Allows you to re-categorise existing data to see whether themes and patterns and relationships exist in the data already collected Allows you to adjust your future data collection approach to see whether they exist in other cases Tools for helping the Analytical Process Summaries Should contain the/

Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 5e This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following.

researchers are more concerned about these issues [AS ADVANCED PLANNING] because deductive approach requires detailed planning before data collection and analysis Qualitative researchers [ARE ALSO CONCERNED ABOUT THESE ISSUES, BUT CAN MAKE ADJUSTMENTS DURING THE PROJECT] [Qualitative and Quantitative Research/method is the mixing of multiple styles that may be qualitative and quantitative. Qualitative and Quantitative Orientations Both collect and analyze data systematically hard vs. soft data/ totals for a /

Getting Started: Research and Literature Reviews An Introduction.

piece of research  To collect large amounts of data so that statistical analysis can be carried out  To make generalisations based on quantifiable findings Case Studies (1) “A strategy for doing research which involves/ industrial sectors Entire nations Case Studies (3)  Use multiple methods of data collection Observation Questionnaires Interviews Document Analysis Diary Method Action Research A research method that involves researcher(s) and practitioner(s) collaborating to engender a change/improve /

SOWK 6003 Social Work Research Week 4 Research process, variables, hypothesis, and research designs By Dr. Paul Wong.

or caused. Extraneous Variables vs Mediating Variables Extraneous variables represent alternative explanations for the relationships that are observed between the independent variable and dependent variables Mediating/ 1. The matching of research questions with the research methods 2. The appropriateness and reliability of the data collection method 3. The representativeness of the samples 4. The generalizability of the data Reliability : Validity: Rigor of Data Collection Method (we will talk more /

Methodology A preview. What is Methodology  Choosing a method of data collection  Structure of the research  Builds on and draws from problem statement.

 Choosing a method of data collection  Structure of the research  Builds on and draws from problem statement and research questions/ hypotheses  Influences analysis Broad Categories  Qualitative Words Descriptive Limited number of cases Focused Attempts to explain “why”  Quantitative Numbers Facts Large samples Stringent conditions Attempts to explain “what” or “how” Qualitative Quantitative: Detailed Focus Mixed Methods  Combines quantitative and qualitative research  Numbers and description/


Statement of the research question Brief description of research methodology Pilot Testing Data collection Data preparation Data analysis and interpretation Research reporting Data Collection Characterized by Types abstractness verifiability elusiveness closeness to the phenomenon Types Secondary data Primary data Final Steps in Research Data analysis Reporting the results Executive summary Overview of the research (or main body of research) Implementation strategies for the recommendations Technical/

Exploring Marketing Research William G. Zikmund

Case study Collection of data (fieldwork) Data Gathering Data Processing and Analysis Editing and coding data Problem definition (statement of research objectives) Data processing Selection of basic research method Research Design Conclusions and Report Interpretation of findings Experiment Survey Observation Secondary Data Study Report Laboratory Field Interview Questionnaire The Marketing Research Process Problem Discovery Selection of Sample Design Exploratory Research Collection of the Data Selection of/

CHAPTER 7 Creating Qualitative Data MANAGEMENT RESEARCH Third Edition, 2008 Prof. M. Easterby-Smith, Prof. R. Thorpe, Prof. Paul R. Jackson.

a range of different methods of data collection that belong to the qualitative research tradition.  To understand how these approaches of data collection offer different perspectives according to the focus of the research.  To appreciate the advantages and disadvantages to the various qualitative data collection methods. Main Methods for Qualitative Data Collection  Natural Language Data  Ethnographic Approaches  Interactive Methods Collecting Natural Language Data  Interviews: How much structure/

What is it? What steps do scientists use to conduct experiments?

____ would be ____. Based on the data collected in class, the class’s favorite ____ was ____. This data (supported/refuted) my hypothesis. HINT for remembering the correct order of the steps…PREACH… P – Problem / Purpose R – Research **** E – Experiment A – Analyze Data C – Conclusion H - Hypothesis ****(MAKE SURE TO MOVE IT UP TO THE CORRECT STEP!!!)**** The Scientific Method Step 1: Purpose. What is the/

Outline: Research Methodology: Case Study - what is case study

Study - what is case study? - what are the data collection methods? - what are the data analysis methods? - what are the data validity and reliability procedures? Unless specified by the copyright symbol, the slides presentation are summarized from: Yin R. K. 1994. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Sage Publications: Thousand Oaks, California. Case study – a qualitative study (1) Section 2: Research methodology Case study – a qualitative study (1) An/

11th Edition - 2009 Chapter 18: Travel and Tourism Research Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part Five: Essentials of Tourism Research and.

- 2009 Chapter 18: Travel and Tourism Research Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part Five: Essentials of Tourism Research and Marketing Recognize the role and scope of travel research Learn the travel research process Study secondary data and how it can be used Understand the methods of collecting primary data Know who does travel research Learning Objectives 11th Edition - 2009 Chapter 18: Travel and Tourism Research Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies Part Five/

Formulating the research design

nature of participation and the right to withdraw from the study Confidentiality of data provided by participants and their anonymity Data collection/using/analysing/reporting methods that may cause negative impacts to the participants, including embarrassment, stress, discomfort, pain, harm Homework Please select the research strategy that would be most appropriate for your own research question; explain, why you choosed that one. Write a short passage (approx/

1 ©IRWIN a Times Mirror Higher Education Group, Inc., company 1997 Collecting and Using Marketing Information.

and ideas Concepts Hypothesis and ideas Methods Approaches to help solve the problem Methods Approaches to help solve the problem Secondary data Facts and Figures Already recorded prior to the project Secondary data Facts and Figures Already recorded prior to the project Primary data Facts and Figures Newly collected for the project Primary data Facts and Figures Newly collected for the project Internal data Financial statements, research reports files, customer letters, sales/

RESEARCH RESCUE LAB: A HOLISTIC VIEW OF THE RESEARCH PAPER Dr. Kelley Wood School of Professional Studies Trinity Washington University.

D. Wood Trinity Washington University SPS 25 A Holistic View of the Research Paper Research Methods Preamble – informed by the abstract and introduction –Setting –Population/ Data Source –Research Design (Strategy) – informed by the abstract and introduction If quantitative – also include measurements for common tests in this section –Data Collection Instrument Protocol Observation, Interview, Questionnaire, Survey –Data Analysis Strategy –Summary Dr. Kelley D. Wood Trinity Washington University SPS 26/

Methods of Psychology Hypothesis: A tentative statement about how or why something happens. e.g. non experienced teachers use corporal punishment more.

, (more reliable but it is time consuming). 7 Types of researches in psychology… cont. G- Cross sectional study: Research method in which people of different ages are examined simultaneously, example: IQ (intelligence quotient) to people of different ages and then draw differences of intelligence through life cycle. 8 Data collection 1- Observation: is a simple method of data collection : a.covert observation: in which people are not informed/

RESEARCH RESCUE LAB: A HOLISTIC VIEW OF THE RESEARCH PAPER Dr. Kelley Wood School of Business and Graduate Studies Trinity Washington University Dr. Kelley.

Factor Question Becomes the… Dr. Kelley D. Wood A Holistic View of the Research Paper Business and Graduate Studies24 Theory Variable or Factor Concept Variable or Factor Concept Data Collection Instrument Factor Question Factor Question Dr. Kelley D. Wood A Holistic View of the Research Paper Research Methods –Determine and discuss the strategy for collecting data –Think of this as the outline of your experiment, which tests your model/

Chapter 1 Psychology as a Science Research Methods.

research, and can it be used to explain a wide variety of behavior? Research: Three basic techniques of data collection Three basic techniques of data collection are: self-reports (interviews, surveys, tests) direct observations archival information (records) Research: Basic Methods Observation –Case Study Survey Experimentation Observational Research/ placebo version of the independent variable – –serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment Random Assignment –assigning participants to /

Market Research. The function which links the consumer, the customer, and public to the marketer through INFORMATION.

of information for the purpose of improving decision making related to the  identification and  solution of problems and opportunities in marketing. Steps in the Marketing Research Process 1.Problem Definition 2.Research Design 3.Sampling 4.Data Collection 5.Data Analysis 6.Report Preparation and Presentation 7.Follow-up A Classification of Marketing Research Marketing Research Problem Identification Research Problem Solving Research Market Potential Research Market Share Research Market Characteristics/

In-Depth Interview. What is Interview? Interview: A Purposeful Social Interaction, Conversation, Discussion Two, More People, One Questions, Other Answers-----Research.

Researcher Takes an Active Role— Controlling Content and Direction of Group Discussion Questions Prepared In Advance? Main Features No Experts, Self-Appointed Experts, Inhibit Reponses, Intimidate Respondents Hostile Members----Asked to Leave in Breaks Advantages of Focus Group Quick and Cheap---Data Collection Method/Race, etc.), Location in Social Network, Time and Place of Interview Analysis Look For Patterns---Themes, Perspectives Patterns Formed By Words of Respondents Topics: Consistent High Level /

Splash Screen. Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Section 1: What Is Research?What Is Research? Section 2:Problems and Solutions in ResearchProblems and.

Methods of Research (cont.) Every experiment has: –hypothesishypothesis –variables (independent and dependent)variables –experimental groupexperimental group –control groupcontrol group Experimental Research Section 1 Methods of Research (cont.) Ethics are the methods of conduct, or standards, for/characteristics change or remain the same during development Vocab6 cross-sectional study: research method in which data are collected from groups of participants of different ages and compared so that conclusions /

Practice Presentation Questions Damian Gordon. Introduction When you are doing a presentation of your research, it is important to remember that the way.

focused more on that? Research Methods How well did the study design work in practice? Did you have any problems with the data collection process? You used an existing research method and developed it further -/for interpreting them as... instead? You said in your thesis that... - can you expand on that point? In what way do you consider your thesis to be original? Conclusions/Implications What are the empirical, practice, and theoretical implications of your findings? How would you hope that this research/

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