Ppt on conservation of species

BIODIVERSITY Ch 10. Why? Mainly because of the "HIPPO dilemma." abitat loss When people cut down forests, dig mines, build cities, or make roads, they.

Bakersfield, CA Farmer not allowed to plow his field Legal Protections - International IUCN – International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural resources – Over 200 gov’t agencies and 700 private conservation organizations – Redlists of endangered species worldwide – Sponsors conservation projects – Produces CITES (Convention on International Trade and Endangered Species) Worldwide ban on ivory trade Legal Protections - International Biodiversity Treaty – Created at Earth Summit, in Rio de/


UTRB I MPERILED A QUATIC S PECIES C ONSERVATION S TRATEGY  Frame the Conservation Challenge  Service Management Decision: Strategy Developed Using Structured.

Wildlife Grants [“meso”] Local - Adapt at the Local Practitioner & Project-level Strategy helps guide planning and management across a large and diverse suite of species - - recognize the flexibilities the Strategy affords and adapt its application at the local level to ensure conservation efforts will be effective. Next step to advance the Strategy to develop specific projects that implement population management emphasis for priority/


U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America Selecting Species as Drivers of Landscape-scale Conservation.

Daunting Responsibility Unrealistic to: set population objectives, translate these to habitat objectives, deliver habitat conservation specifically for, and evaluate and monitor every aspect of a functional landscape Responsibility for myriad species/resources Conservation of landscapes capable of sustaining all species is impractical on a species-by-species basis U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America How Can We Begin to Focus?... in ways that best preserve our broad/


Copyright 2010 Research Institute for Humanity and Nature. All Rights Reserved. How can we conserve biodiversity? – Ecological methodologies The Futurability.

and Nature. All Rights Reserved. Monitoring investigates the situations of indicator species and ecosystem functions for the purpose of (re)considering the measures used in managements. Individual species are conserved both within and outside of habitats based on evaluation of their risks of extinction. In some cases, conservation of a certain species means conservation of the whole ecosystem. For conservation of ecosystems, establishment of refuges is effective. In areas surrounding refuges, devices for/


Construction of Genome Trees from Conservation Profiles of Proteins

Evol. 1999 Nov;49(5):591-600. Systematic Analysis of Completely Sequenced Organisms • In silico species specific comparisons (27 eucaryal, 19 archaeal and 33 bacterial species: 541880 proteins) • Degree of ancestral duplication and of ancestral conservation between pairs of species; • Families of paralogs (Partition-MCL); • Families of orthologs (Partition-MCL); • Distribution of orthologous families according to the three domains of life; These comparisons are performed following our local system called/


Madison Valley Conservation Assessment. Madison Valley Study Area.

sustain natural habitat heterogeneity Social Acceptance Public values that support conservation Using Focal Species to Address Conservation Needs Need Focal Species Attribute AreaLandscape Species Select large area generalists to protect sufficient area and diversity of habitat types HabitatHabitat Types Make sure suite of focal species covers all major habitat types in the area SecurityThreats Make sure suite of focal species covers all major threats that impact wildlife populations in the/


Migratory Species: A Vision for 2020 Marine Mammals in CMS

-ly with cetaceans ASCOBANS ACCOBAMS 1 Agreement for the conservation of cetaceans in the Pacific Islands Region 1 Agreement is being developed for cetaceans/ manatees of the Atlantic Coast of Africa Dolphins 34 sea dolphins 5 river dolphins Flagship endangered species  engage public interest in swimway (ecosystem) conservation Hundreds of thousands of dolphins die every year as a result of human induced threats. Whales Whales are those cetaceans which/


Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation

the ecosystem has been destroyed when the ecosystem is given economic value when the ecosystem provides useful services Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation 5.2 Formative Questions Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? background extinction mass extinction natural extinction progressive extinction Where are most extinctions likely to occur in the near future? Chapter 5 Biodiversity/


The IUCN Species Information Service (SIS)

of species at regional and national levels. NOTE an assessment of extinction risk is not the same as identifying conservation priorities. Extinction risk is one factor used in conservation priority-setting, but other factors should also be considered (e.g., inclusion of the species on international conventions and treaties (CITES, CMS, etc.), cultural value of the species, financial consequences of losing or protecting the species, likelihood of conservation actions being successful for that species/


Protection of the environment – the driving forces PROTECT WP1 Workshop, Chester, 29 March 2007.

activities. Further UK legislation was introduced (Natural Habitats &c.) Regulations (1994), and the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995 to implement those parts of the Habitats Directive not already covered in national legislation. The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (Bonn Convention) The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals was adopted in Bonn, Germany in 1979 and came into force/


Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation

when the ecosystem has been destroyed when the ecosystem is given economic value A B C FQ 3 Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation 5.2 Formative Questions Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? background extinction mass extinction natural extinction progressive extinction A B C D FQ 4 Where are most extinctions likely to occur in/


U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America Step 7 Identify Population Objectives Population Objective is set here.

information to identify future needs for research and monitoring that will improve our ability to meet our objectives. Describe how uncertainty and knowledge gaps might influence selection of species. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Conserving the Nature of America Knowledge Gaps and Uncertainties This wondrous thing, though not a lie, can comfort the biologist when time runs dry. To sell your work, it can/


How Can We Help Save Biodiversity?

than others. (Remember the Hot Spots?) Three Techniques of Conservation Biology Ecosystem Approach In situ conservation Protecting habitats Restoring damaged or destroyed habitats Preserve balanced populations of species in their native habitat Establish legally protected wilderness areas and wildlife reserves Eliminate or reduce the populations of nonative species Three Techniques of Conservation Biology Species Approach Identify endangered species and give them legal protection Preserve and manage crucial/


Species at Risk 101 © Jared Hobbs Burrowing Owl. Outline Background and History Background and History (the Accord and SARA) (the Accord and SARA) Sticks.

activity Recognizes that: cooperation between jurisdictions is crucial conservation of species at risk is key element of Canadian Biodiversity Strategy Accord for the Protection of Species at Risk We agree to: i) participate in the Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council ii) recognize the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada iii) establish complementary legislation that provide for effective protection of species at risk Agreements under the Accord a. address/


Conservation Biology (Biol 4350/5350)

, plants that prevent erosion, etc.. Also decomposers (bacteria, archaeans, fungi, and others): don’t often think of these. Estimated numbers of globally threatened species: tracked by IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources): Red List. Levels of risk: Least Concern, Near Threatened, Endangered (there are subsets of these too). Box 3.2 (A) IUCN Red List categories pcb3e-box-03-02-fig-a/


January 31, 2008 Large Woodlands Conservation Cooperative Gina Varrin Coordinator.

, e.g. poor logging practices Threats to our natural heritage – headwater streams and wetlands, old growth, super canopy white pine, diversity of tree species Photo: Copeland S Robinson Conserving Interior Get help from local organizations Work with your neighbours Practice good forestry when harvesting Connect woodlots using blocks not lines Urban Forest Speaker Series Peterborough Green-up Co-sponsors /


Current Conservation Issues in DoD L. Peter Boice OSD Conservation Team Leader Presented to NMFWA, Dallas TX March 2002.

Reserve Account Grazing Program Grazing Program New Conservation Metrics Improved tracking of INRMPs Improved tracking of INRMPs Improved tracking of ICRMPs Improved tracking of ICRMPs Potential impacts of the ESA on military training and testing lands Potential impacts of the ESA on military training and testing lands Potential impacts of selected invasive species Potential impacts of selected invasive species Other Issues Invasive Species Invasive Species Wildland Fire Guidelines Wildland Fire Guidelines/


Brian Gratwicke USFWS Biological Planning An Overview of the Context and Processes Northeast Region Biologist’s Conference Baltimore, Maryland 15 February.

in establishing objectives? Where do we get population objectives?Where do we get population objectives? An example of stepping-down objectivesAn example of stepping-down objectives “Measurable expression of a desired biological outcome” “Measurable expression of a desired biological outcome” Conservation Target Conservation Target Landscapes capable of sustaining priority species at prescribed levels range- wide – Vital Rates What are Population Objectives? Defined – Abundance – Trend – Population index Ex/


AS Biology UNIT F212 Biodiversity and Conservation.

often less successful than in situ even when using organisms from different areas to reduce inbreeding and increase genetic variation Exam Objectives Discuss the role of botanic gardens in the ex situ conservation of rare plant species or plant species extinct in the wild, with reference to seed banks; Botanic Gardens and Seed Banks http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TVRN6Sci3TU http://www.youtube.com/


BIODIVERSITY Dr. Ashalata Devi Assistant Professor

, A., and Venkata Rao, P., 2002. Impact of Globalisation on culture of Sacred Groves) Sacred grove (Meghalaya) Konthoujam Lairembi sacred grove (Manipur) Sacred grove (Kerala) Sacred stone of Ebudhou Marjing in Heingang Marjing sacred grove (Manipur) conservation of species People’s attitude and social changes Lost of religious beliefs Conversion of religion SACRED GROVE Repository of species Unique centre for the conservation of species Religious beliefs Fragmentation Encroachment Developmental activities/


Chapter 8 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology

larger populations have lower extinction rates. They possess more habitats. The number of species on an island doubles as the island size increases tenfold. Small “islands” of habitat rapidly lose species Forests are fragmented by roads and logging. Small forest fragments lose diversity fastest. Starting with large species Should conservation focus on endangered species? Endangered Species Act (1973) (ESA): forbids the government and private citizens from taking actions/


Development of a Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy for Georgia Georgia Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Resources Division.

lands  State, federal, local government lands  Lands of private cooperators Components of CWCS Assessment of distributions of species and natural communities and selection of high priority conservation targets Assessment of distributions of species and natural communities and selection of high priority conservation targets Development of conservation lands & sites databases Development of conservation lands & sites databases  Existing conservation lands  High priority sites for protection Components/


Population Dynamics, Carrying Capacity, and Conservation Biology G. Tyler Miller’s Living in the Environment 13 th Edition Chapter 9 G. Tyler Miller’s.

Population Curves Fig. 9-7 p. 194 The Role of Predation in Controlling Population Size  Predator-prey cycles  Top-down control  Bottom-up control Fig. 9-8 p. 195 Reproductive Patterns and Survival  Asexual reproduction  Sexual reproduction  r-selected species  K-selected species Fig. 9-10 p. 196 Survivorship Curves Fig. 9-11 p. 198 Conservation Biology: Sustaining Wildlife Populations  Investigate human impacts on/


NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Amendments to Part 182: Endangered Species Regulations.

by department Mitigation plan provides net conservation benefit NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Denial: Proposed activity will result in loss of occupied habitat, loss of individual member(s) of species, or interference with essential behaviors; and Net conservation benefit cannot be achieved; or Survival or recovery of species is jeopardized by proposed activity NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Terms/


NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Briefing on Proposed Amendments to Endangered Species Regulations.

Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources Permit Denial: Proposed activity will result in loss of occupied habitat, loss of individual member(s) of species, or interference with essential behaviors; and Net conservation benefit cannot be achieved; or Survival or recovery of species is jeopardized by proposed activity NYS Department of Environmental Conservation Fish, Wildlife & Marine Resources CONCLUSION The new regulations will provide the public, Department staff, lead agencies and potential applicants/


Rattan Species Diversity Training Workshop on Forest Biodiversity Conservation and Management of Forest Genetic Resources Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 5 - 16.

the problem (Chazdon 1988; Kiew 1989). The decrease in number and density of rattan species in the wild also eventually reduces biodiversity and genetic variability of the species. Conservation Values (2) The conservation status of species can be used to assess the biodiversity of the community in which they occur. A community with a large number of endangered species may qualify as a biodiversity ‘hotspot’. Genetic Heat Index (GHI, Hawthorne, 1996/


NATURE CONSERVATION Attēli no:

created according to the following criteria: MICRO-RESERVES To favour protection of dispersed species, several measures can be taken. In Latvia, in accordance with the Law on the Conservation of Species and Biotopes of Latvia, micro-reserves can be created to protect specially protected species or biotopes. from ten to fifty habitats of the individuals of the respective species or specially protected biotopes are found in the country’s territory/


22 Conservation Biology. 22 Conservation Biology Case Study: Can Birds and Bombs Coexist? Conservation Biology Declining Biodiversity Threats to Biodiversity.

several biological disciplines, and law, political science, economics and sociology. Concept 22.1: Conservation biology is an integrative discipline that applies the principles of ecology to the conservation of biodiversity. Conservation Biology Biodiversity provides hundreds of domesticated and wild species for food, fuel, fiber, medicines, building materials, and decorative items. Conservation Biology Ecosystem services — natural processes that sustain life, such as water purification, soil formation/


Conservation = Erhaltung, Bewahrung, Schutz, Naturschutz Conservation Biology = Naturschutzbiologie What is Conservation Biology?

biodiversity loss are: human population growth habitat loss / habitat destruction overexploitation invasive species pollution climate change Red List of Threatened Species is published every two years by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) since 2011: includes about 61.000 species evaluates the extinction risk of thousands of species Threatened Species Threatened means that the population of a species is declining at an alarming rate The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is listed/


AWARE Shark Conservation Diver Distinctive Specialty Course - Lesson Guides - This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Distinctive Specialty Course 10 S1: Sharks in Peril Continued... International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List Review of 1044 Shark, Ray and Chimaera Species Critically Endangered2%Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild Endangered4%Very high risk of extinction in the wild Vulnerable11%High risk of extinction in the wild Near Threatened13% Close to qualifying or likely to qualify for a threatened category/


Georgia Performance Standard:

around the world either accidentally or intentionally. Introduced into new habitats, these organisms often become invasive species (exotic) that reproduce rapidly. Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation 5.2 Threats to Biodiversity Overexploitation Overexploitation, or excessive use, of species that have economic value is a factor increasing the current rate of extinction. Bison Passenger pigeons Ocelot Rhinoceros Rhinoceros Ocelot Acid Precipitation (Acid Rain) Chapter 5 Biodiversity/


IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Introduction to the IUCN Red Listing Process.

to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population (or populations) well outside the past range. Franklinia, Franklinia alatamaha Photo © Craig Hilton-Taylor IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) A species is presumed EX or EW only when exhaustive surveys have been carried out: throughout its historic range; in known and/or expected habitat; at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual/


Biodiversity and Conservation

of species can be protected with the least effort. Hotspots have: At least 1500 plant species found nowhere else in the world Already lost 70% of their habitat as a result of human activity The 34 biodiversity hotspots are home to 50% of Earth’s plant species and 42% of terrestrial vertebrate species. Northern Pintail ducks, Honshu, Japan Japan is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Economic Approaches to Conservation/


Conservation.

1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) is the worlds main authority on the conservation status of species. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. Conservation movement The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation, is a political, environmental and a/


Conservation of Biodiversity IB syllabus: 4.3.1 – 4.3.5 AP Syllabus Ch. 8, 22,

(small target), –Small island has fewer resources, more extinction 2.Distance from mainland: –Closer to mainland  more chance of immigration Applied in conservation for “habitat islands” like national parks surrounded by development High Low Rate of immigration or extinction Small island Effect of island size Number of species on island (b) Large island © 2004 Brooks/Cole – Thomson Learning Island Biogeography Data South Pacific Islands study looked/


9-1.

focus on whole landscapes 53 Conservation efforts are both national and international 2002: Species at Risk Act stresses cooperation with landowners and governments to avoid hostility Some say SARA is too weak COSEWIC (Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada) = expert committee that reports the status of species at risk 1973: UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES/


21. 22 Field Museum CI AquaRAP Rapid Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystems An Interdisciplinary, International Program Developing Integrated Solutions For.

develop conservation strategies that are over determined with the effect that they will help to preserve more rather than fewer species. 37 R C species 1 1 species 2 1 1 species 3 1 species 4 1 1 species 5 1 species 6 1 1 species 7 1 1 species 8 1 species 9 1 1 species 10 1 How similar are these habitats? 50% or 100% ? 38 Solution: depends upon interpretation of/


Salit Kark, Conservation Biology, Hebrew University, Lecture 2 Salit Kark Department of Evolution, Systematics and Ecology The Silberman Institute of Life.

Climate changes (changes in climatic means and extremes, competition, communities, distributions ranges…) Salit Kark, Conservation Biology, Hebrew University, Lecture 2 Genetic diversity Number of populations Number of species Number of endemic and rare species Ecosystems and their services Biodiversity decline: Salit Kark, Conservation Biology, Hebrew University, Lecture 2 Current extinction rates are likely occurring at 100 to 1000 times the normal background extinction rates. If these continue/


Green Infrastructure in Central Indiana Cliff Chapman Conservation Director Central Indiana Land Trust www.conservingindiana.org.

Preserve The Central Indiana Land Trust We have protected over 3,000 acres of land through partnerships, conservation agreements, and outright ownership. Forested wetland, Marion County The Central Indiana Land Trust We manage 15 preserves and oversee four conservation easements. We own five state dedicated nature preserves supporting rare species, relict stands of Eastern hemlock and the state’s largest great blue heron rookery. State/


Endangered Species Act and Habitat Conservation Plan Environment 121 4 June 2009 Professor Victoria Sork.

through the planning area (e.g. Canadian geese) 85% of species without species-specific conservation actions, were the ones not confirmed in the planning area Closing points Endangered Species Act is a powerful tool for species and habitat protection Single-species Habitat Conservation Plans are most likely to be effective for species and habitat Multi-Species Habitat Conservation Plans are growing trend – Advantages: multiple species can be monitored – Disadvantage: Developers includes many/


Endangered Species Act Overview

actions Special Rules 4(d) Rules Can tailor the ESA prohibitions for threatened Must provide for the conservation of the species Provides substantial flexibility to only regulate what is needed to recover the species Recovery: goal of ESA The process by which the decline of an endangered or threatened species is arrested or reversed, and threats to the survival are negated, so that its long-term survival/


Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation

Vocabulary Section 2 background extinction mass extinction natural resource overexploitation habitat fragmentation edge effect biological magnification eutrophication introduced species Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? Chapter 5 Biodiversity and Conservation 5.2 Formative Questions Which describes the current rate of species disappearance? background extinction mass extinction natural extinction progressive extinction A B C D FQ 4 Where are most extinctions likely to occur/


Available at Ex Situ Conservation Sam Hopkins Biodiversity and Conservation Biology An Optional.

on biological diversity 1   Adopt measures for the ex-situ conservation of components of biological diversity, preferably in the country of origin of such components   Establish and maintain facilities of ex-situ conservation and research on plants, animals and micro-organisms, preferably in the country of origin of genetic resources   Adopt measures for the recovery and rehabilitation of threatened species and for their re-introduction into the natural habitats under appropriate/


How the effects of the following on enzyme activity be investigated experimentally pH A starch-agar plate is made up by mixing starch with agar. The mixture.

reasons Consequences of climate change on biodiversity of plants and animals – changing patterns of agriculture and spread of disease Benefits for agriculture in maintaining biodiversity of plants and animals Conservation of endangered species in situ and ex situ – advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches Role of botanic gardens in the ex situ conservation of rare plant species or extinct species in the wild – use of seed banks International co-operation in species conservation – CITES; Rio/


FWM 203 PRINCIPLES OF CONSERVATION IN TROPICAL AFRICA DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT COLLEGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY.

by defending the species from predators. In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. Conserving the areas where populations of species exist naturally is an underlying condition for the conservation of biodiversity. Thats why protected areas form a central element of any national strategy to conserve biodiversity. METHOD OF CONSERVING NATURAL RESOURCES Ex-situ Conservation Ex-situ conservation means literally/


BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION BY MRS.G.K.VINAYAGAM.

plants there are in tropical rain forests waiting to be explored. With increasing resources put into ‘bioprospecting’ (exploring molecular, genetic and species-level diversity for products of economic importance), nations endowed with rich biodiversity can expect to reap enormous benefits. CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY The broadly utilitarian argument says that biodiversity plays a major role in many ecosystem services that nature provides. The fastdwindling Amazon/


Biodiversity and Conservation Created by Beckie Granatstein, B.A., BSc., MSc.

before knowing all the information To wait for more information usually means it will be too late Holistic Approach Involves many different disciplines of science Keystone species Human activities are removing important species from ecosystems causing them to crash Methods used for Conservation Scientific Research Ex-Situ Methods versus In-Situ Methods VS Case study How can you help! Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Plant Native/


In situ Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources: Principles & Practices Ramanatha Rao.

systematic approach to conservation of forest genetic resources The sequence of activities could be: Selection of priority species Assessment of their genetic variation Assessment of their conservation status Identification of key-populations to be conserved Identification of appropriate conservation measures Organization and planning of specific conservation activities Preparation of management guidelines for the objects of conservation  Emphasis here is on organization of specific conservation actions In/


 Our planet-earth (biosphere) contains more than 20 million species of organisms. But, of which only 1.4 million species have been identified so far.

and pollution.  Ex-situ conservation involves protection of fauna and flora outside the natural habitats.  This type of conservation is mainly done for conservation of crop varieties and the wild relatives of crops. Role of Ex-situ conservation 1.It involves maintenance and breeding of endangered plant and animal species under controlled conditions. 2. It identifies those species which are at more risk of extinction. 3. It prefers the species, which are more important/


Conservation Biology A relatively new discipline that has brought together experts concerned about the loss of biodiversity. Why should we conserve biodiversity?

responsibility Provide a place for indigenous populations to live Conserve your species…! In groups of three you will all have a specific species which is found on the IUCN Red list. Read about your species. Using the list of factors for why we conserve and any other factors you can think of, put together a case for the conservation of your species. Outcome check… You will all be able to: – State/


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