Ppt on conservation of soil

Soil Characteristics, Degradation, and Conservation.

to protect against wind and prevent soil erosion. Tillage The agricultural preparation of soil by ploughing, ripping, or turning it. Different levels of tillage: –Intensive: leaves 15% or less of crop residue in the soil –Reduced: leaves 15%-30% of crop residue in the soil. –Conservation: Leaves a minimum of 30% of crop residue in the soil. Many different acts were passed to promote, protect, and restore soil conservation. These acts were passed in/


Employing Conservation Tillage Practices Employing Conservation Tillage Practices.

weed identification and herbicide selection critical. This makes weed identification and herbicide selection critical. Because of soil conservation and economic benefits of conservation tillage, its use has spread rapidly. Because of soil conservation and economic benefits of conservation tillage, its use has spread rapidly. The term conservation tillage covers several different tillage methods. The term conservation tillage covers several different tillage methods. Mulch-till or chisel-plow—A chisel plow/


TO SCREW UP (AND FIX) THE SOIL Mrs. D. Withering Crops.

land in Burkina Faso was said to be degraded But agricultural yields have increased due to soil and water conservation Bad Soil: Erosion Erosion: the process of soil and humus particles being picked up and carried away by water and wind Occurs any time soil is bared and exposed Soil removal may be slow and gradual (e.g., by wind) or dramatic (e.g., gullies formed by/


MASTER FARMER PROGRAM – SESSION III NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION DISTRICTS OVERVIEW OF CONSERVATION PLANNING AND.

 Who Has To Do Them? Individuals that want an RMS level Conservation Plan developed (Master Farmer Program participants) Operations listed as CAFO, or using animal wastes In the future, operations applying nutrients in watersheds listed as impaired due to excessive nutrients by DEQ Nutrient Management Plans  What Does NMP Consist Of? Soil Test Results Farm maps Yield history to establish yield goals Records/


The Ohio Conservation GIS Project (OCGIS) Aaron Lantz Soil Information Coordinator ODNR Division of Soil & Water Conservation 2008 Ohio GIS Conference.

Ohio GIS Conference September 10-12, 2008 Crowne Plaza North Hotel Columbus, Ohio Ohio’s Conservation Partnership Division of Soil & Water Conservation Ohio Federation of Soil & Water Conservation Districts Ohio’s 88 SWCDs CWA 319 Watershed Groups Division of Soil & Water Conservation “Provide leadership and services that enable Ohioans to conserve, protect, and enhance soil, water, and land resources." continues to grow in importance Bio-fuels Gulf Hypoxia Water supply Climate change/


History of Conservation Activities in Kansas 1800-2008.

-First major dust storm originates in the Great Plains followed by several massive storms. 1935, April 27-Congress establishes the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) as an agency in the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with Hugh Hammond Bennett, regarded as the “father of soil conservation,” as its first chief. December 2-Central Great Plains Region office established with headquarters tentatively designated as Wichita (later made/


Soil and Agriculture Chapter 9. No-till agriculture in Southern Brazil Southern Brazil’s climate and soils make for bountiful harvests Repeated planting.

easily on steep slopes Erosion in the U.S. declined between 1982 and 2001 –Soil conservation measures Despite conservation measures, the U.S. still loses 6 tons of soil for every ton of grain harvested Various types of soil erosion Splash Sheet Rill Gully Soil erosion is a global problem Humans are the primary cause of erosion –It is occurring at unnaturally high rates In Africa, erosion over the next/


TIERRA MIGUEL FOUNDATION Education Agriculture Farmland & Soil Conservation.

feasible alternatives to practices that can deplete the soil. Soil Conservation Project Study the application of woodchip mulch to avocado orchards as it affects irrigation design, moisture retention and evaporative loss. The goal of this project is to advance knowledge about the use of woodchip mulch as a tool for conservation of irrigation and precipitation in the major avocado producing areas of Riverside and San Diego Counties constituting 32/


V. Alps-Adria Scientific Workshop Opatija, 06-10. March, 2006 Food chain element transport and processes SOIL QUALITY – SOIL CONDITION – PRODUCTION STABILITY.

both for water infiltration to be suitable both for water infiltration and conservation. and conservation. (3) minimized soil disturbance and surface cover of 50 % at least. surface cover of 50 % at least.  Use of soil loosening, structure conserving tillage. Humid, friable soil under DD (12. Oct. 2005) Results – Soil conditioning tillage TillageFeatures Climate harms Impacts on crop production Conservation required depth and loosened, less disturbance, promoting friable structure and mellowing, C/


Conservation Certification: Assurances for the Absentee Landowner Jamie Ridgely, Agren.

, October 2010. 1.Trustworthiness 2.Reputation as a good farmer 3.Ability to maintain soil productivity 4.Cares about landlord & land 9.Amount of rent paid Attitudes Towards Master Conservationist Program Would you…% Not Opposed Favor a Master Conservationist program that “certifies” a farmers ability to apply soil and water conservation? 71 Rent to a Master Conservationist over someone who was not certified, if/


MASTER FARMER PROGRAM – SESSION III CONSERVATION DISTRICTS OVERVIEW OF CONSERVATION PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION.

Management Plans  Who Has To Do Them? Individuals that want an RMS level Conservation Plan developed Operations listed as CAFO, or using animal wastes In the future, operations applying nutrients in watersheds listed as impaired due to excessive nutrients by DEQ Nutrient Management Plans  What Does NMP Consist Of? Soil Test Results Farm maps Yield history to establish yield goals Records on nutrient/


The Beginning National Focus on Soil Erosion Dust bowl in the West, severe erosion in the S.E. Hugh Hammond Bennett’s work “Soil Erosion, A National.

Erosion, A National Menace” $160,000 – first federal appropriation for soil erosion investigations National Focus – The Early Days Demonstration projects CCC camps primarily on public lands Led to establishment of Soil Erosion Service Public Law 46 Soil Conservation Service created National soil conservation policy established Shift toward private lands Federal Legislation Supports Soil Conservation Movement President Roosevelt & Standard State District Act N.C. adopts General Statute 139 Districts bridge/


CRP LAND: It’s in your hands. Many Contracts Set to Expire More than 1 million acres of CRP contracts are set to expire by October, 2009 More than 1 million.

the less productive soils are located on my farm? What Is My Conservation Plan? Currently, land in CRP is planned as CRP. Currently, land in CRP is planned as CRP. Some of these plans are 10 to 20 years old.Some of these plans / be met. However, there are additional requirements that have to be met. Alternative Conservation System Soil loss based on a Corn Soybean crop rotation may include the following requirements: Soil loss based on a Corn Soybean crop rotation may include the following requirements: All/


WATER CONSERVATION and WATER QUALITY. WATER CONSERVATION The HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE - Runs on solar energy The HYDROLOGICAL CYCLE - Runs on solar energy.

LAYER GROUND WATER (75% precipitation) Water that infiltrates and percolates through soil to a SATURATED LAYER –WATER TABLE –AQUIFER WATER CONSERVATION Run-off vs. Infiltration/Percolation – –http://www.soilsforsalmon.org/pdf/Relationshi pBetweenSoilandWater10-14-99.pdfhttp://www.soilsforsalmon.org/pdf/Relationshi pBetweenSoilandWater10-14-99.pdf WATER CONSERVATION CONSERVATION by AGRICULTURE CONSERVATION by AGRICULTURE –80% of WATER used annually in US –EFFICIENT WATER USE depends on 3/


Employing Conservation Tillage Practices Employing Conservation Tillage Practices.

weed identification and herbicide selection critical. This makes weed identification and herbicide selection critical. Because of soil conservation and economic benefits of conservation tillage, its use has spread rapidly. Because of soil conservation and economic benefits of conservation tillage, its use has spread rapidly. The term conservation tillage covers several different tillage methods. The term conservation tillage covers several different tillage methods. Mulch-till or chisel-plow—A chisel plow/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Enger & Smith Environmental Science A Study of Interrelationships.

via wind or water.  Reduced tillage is a practice that uses less cultivation to control weeds and prepare soil, but generally leaves 15-30% of soil surface covered with crop residue after planting. Conventional vs. Conservation Tillage  Conservation tillage further reduces amount of soil disturbance and leaves 30% or more of soil surface covered with crop residue. Mulch tillage: Tilling entire surface just prior to planting. Strip tillage: Tilling/


Ch. 8 Weathering and Soil Formation. Section 3: Soil Conservation The Value of Soil – Sod is the think mass of tough roots at the surface of the soil.

helped people appreciate the value of soil) Section 3: Soil Conservation Soil ConservationSoil conservation is the management of soil to prevent its destruction – Soil can be conserved through contour plowing, conservation plowing, and crop rotation – Contour plowing farmers plow their fields along the curves of a slope (this helps slow the runoff of excess rainfall and prevents it from washing the soil away) Section 3: Soil Conservation Soil Conservation – In conservation plowing farmers disturb the/


1. What do plant roots prevent? (human impact) 2. What are various methods humans use to take care of the soil ?(soil conservation) ? 3. _______________-a.

) 2. What are various methods humans use to take care of the soil ?(soil conservation) ? 3. _______________-a change in the environment (air, water, or soil) that is harmful to living things.(natural resources or pollution) Frayer Model Soil Conservation Definition:Characteristics/facts Examples:Non-examples: Soil Conservation Frayer Model Soil Conservation Definition: various methods humans use to take care of the soil. Characteristics/facts Examples: crop rotation, cover crop, contour plowing, terracing/


Soil conservation practices Contents Soil conservation practices Soil conservation practices Crop rotation Crop rotation Wind break Wind break Cover.

Wind break Cover crop and mulching Cover crop and mulching Conservation tillage Conservation tillage Residue management Residue management Grassed waterways Grassed waterways Buffer strips Buffer strips Diversion terraces Diversion terraces Erosion prevention Erosion prevention Soil conservation practices What is soil conservation? What is soil conservation? Soil conservation is a set of management strategies for prevention of soil being eroded from the Earth’s surfacesoilerodedEarth or becoming chemically/


< BackNext >PreviewMain Chapter 9 Weathering and Soil Formation Preview Section 1 WeatheringWeathering Section 2 Rates of WeatheringRates of Weathering.

and loss. < BackNext >PreviewMain Section 4 Soil Conservation Chapter 9 The Importance of Soil Soil conservation is a method to maintain the fertility of the soil by protecting the soil from erosion and nutrient loss. Soil provides minerals and other nutrients to plants. If soil loses these nutrients, plants will not be able to grow. < BackNext >PreviewMain Section 4 Soil Conservation Chapter 9 The Importance of Soil, continued Many land animals get their energy from/


Agricultural Careers Soil Conservationist By: Dr. Frank Flanders and Ms. Anna Burgess Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office Georgia Department.

occupation is a bachelors degree in agronomy, forestry, or geology focusing on soil science, soil conservation, range management, plant sciences, or a related subject. Senior positions require a post-graduate degree or, in some cases, a doctorate degree. An understanding of agriculture, hydrology, soil science, and land use is essential. A vast understanding of soil conservation principles, practices, and policies sufficient to advise local governments and other clients/


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. AP Environmental Science Mr. Grant Lesson 54 Conserving Soil.

 Farmers reduce fallow periods, so land loses nutrients © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Desertification reduces productivity © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Desertification has high costs © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Explain the principles of soil conservation and provide solutions to soil erosion and land degradation. The Dust Bowl in the United States and similar events elsewhere have inspired scientists and farmers to develop better ways to/


Dr. Mussie Habteselassie Assistant Professor, Soil Microbiology Griffin Campus THIRD YEAR REVIEW Committee Report John Beasley Robert Carrow William Miller.

William Miller (chair) Assignment: 70% research: environmental and soil microbiology 30% teaching: soils courses supporting Environmental Resource Science major: CRSS 3060 (Soils & Hydrology) CRSS 4610 (Soil Microbiology) CRSS 4580 (Erosion & Conservation) AESC 4960 (Undergrad Research) AESC 3920 (Internship) / DE via Tandberg: 4610/6610: Griffin to Athens Labs conducted locally M.H. –will be I. of R. at both locations 3060: Athens to Griffin Co-taught; Miller originate lectures 4580: No definite plans/


PRINCIPLES OF SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION WMA 401 Dr O.Z. Ojekunle, Mr E.O. Eruola Dept of Water Res. Magt. & Agromet UNAAB. Abeokuta. Ogun State Nigeria.

of soil lost. In this way useful life is extended by conserving nutrient.  Objectives of Soil Conservation  Promotion of proper landuse  Prevention of Soil erosion and restoration of the fertility of eroded land  Maintenance of soil fertility  Reduction of water runoff and regulation of water resources  Prevention of water and land pollution caused by carried off soil and debris  Enforcement of safe drainage and irrigation on slope land  Prevention of wind erosion. Methods of Soil Conservation/


Earth’s Surface Chapter 2 Weathering and Soil 1.Review and Reinforce 2.Lesson Quiz Answer Keys.

that lives on the surface depends directly or indirectly on soil. 6.Soil is damaged when it loses its fertility. Soil loss is caused by water or wind erosion. 7.Farms conserve soil by practicing contour plowing, conservation plowing, and crop rotation. 8.contour plowing 9.Soil conservation 10.conservation plowing 11.crop rotation 12.natural resource Lesson 3 Soil Conservation Quiz 1. natural resource 3. erosion 5. nutrients 7. true/


Vegetable Gardening. Plot Preparation Level ground Full Sun 10’ X 10’ is fine Work soil when dry enough Remove sod Break up and turn the soil Add compost.

the seedlings before transplanting OR start your own transplants Watering Water when there has not been enough rain Water at the base of the plants not over head Look to see that the water has gone down to the roots Weeding Weeds are any plants / are not in the right place Weeds can compete with your garden vegetables for nutrients, water and light Conserves moisture Fewer weeds Can add organic material to soil Keeps crops cleaner Keeps knees cleaner Can be a good home for slugs and voles If plastic, it /


Soil Conservation. How do we use the land to change the land? Mining – rocks and minerals are removed from the ground for profit by one of two methods:

, an area can become a desert 4. Erosion – wind (dust bowl), water (rain) Pollution Soil Erosion (Rain) Wind Erosion Dust Bowl What is soil conservation? Soil conservation is a method to maintain the fertility of the soil by protecting the soil from erosion and nutrient loss. 1. Contour Plowing plowing fields along curves of slopes to prevent water erosion 2. Terracing changes one steep field into several smaller fields/


© John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Exploitation, Conservation, Preservation 4e Cutter and Renwick 2003 Chapter 6: Agriculture and Food Production Food Production.

that would otherwise be unproductive. Figure 6.14: Overgrazing, however, can reduce the future productivity of rangeland. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Exploitation, Conservation, Preservation 4e Cutter and Renwick 2003 Environmental Impacts of Food Production Soil Erosion Rangeland Degradation © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Exploitation, Conservation, Preservation 4e Cutter and Renwick 2003 Soil Erosion in the U.S. Figure 6.16a: Sheet and rill erosion on U.S/


Soil Conservation Chapter 2.4. Learning Goal 0 S.6.6 – Sources of energy and materials differ in amounts, distribution, usefulness, and the time required.

long time to form, it is considered a nonrenewable resource. 0 How can soil lose its value? 0 The value of soil is reduced when soil loses its fertility and when topsoil is lost due to erosion. 0 What are some ways that soil can be conserved? 0 Soil can be conserved through contour plowing, conservation plowing, and crop rotation. Dust Bowl 0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v/


© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. CHAPTER 11 Soil: The Foundation for Land Ecosystems.

and fertilizers They reduce crop rotation by locking farmers into annual crop support subsidies They encourage aquifer drawdown For irrigation Subsidies undercut objectives of soil conservation © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Goals of sustainable agriculture Maintain productive topsoil Keep food safe and wholesome Reduce chemical fertilizers and pesticides Keep farms economically viable Sustainable options mimic past practices Contouring, crop rotation, terracing, little or /


Mt Kenya University EGE 412: ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION Credit Hours: 3 Pre-requisites: EGE 122 and EGE 222 Lecturer: Odanga L.

of the soil surface. Soil: factors  soil texture.  density of soil particle and density of soil mass.  organic matter content.  soil moisture. Vegetation:  height of vegetation.  density of cover.  types of vegetation.  seasonal distribution of vegetation. Control of wind erosion. Two major types of wind erosion control consist of 1.Those measures that reduce surface wind velocity(vegetation tilling soil after rain) 2.Those that affect soil characteristics such as:  conservation of moisture/


Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings 9 Soil and Agriculture Part A PowerPoint ® Slides prepared by Jay Withgott and.

.Decreased since 1980 d.Increased since 1995 Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings QUESTION: Viewpoints How can we best protect the condition of soil while we farm? a. Pass soil conservation laws. b.Increase the number of agricultural extension agents working with farmers. c.Give incentives for farmers to use strategies like no-till, contour farming, and shelterbelts. d.Make sure all/


1 [ image 1 ]. International Governance of Soils: A Protocol to the Convention on Desertification Ben Boer Emeritus Professor of Environmental Law, Australian.

and communities through the achievement of soil security” 35 Definitions “Soil security” means the conservation of soil fertility, containment of land degradation desertification, and soil degradation, and reduction of the consequences of drought are reduced by improving livelihood and human wellbeing of the people” “Soil security” means the conservation of soil fertility, containment of land degradation desertification, and soil degradation, and reduction of the consequences of drought are reduced by/


Soil and Water Conservation Attempt Worldwide (and the role of WASWC) Samran Sombatpanit WASWC Past President LADA workshop, LDD, Thailand, April 28, 2009.

approach Early works in soil conservation agencies Early research in soil conservation started in USA ~ 1890s Early research in soil conservation started in USA ~ 1890s Establishment of Soil Conservation Service of Iceland in 1907 Establishment of Soil Conservation Service of Iceland in 1907 Establishment of Soil Conservation Service of USA in 1937(?) Establishment of Soil Conservation Service of USA in 1937(?) To be followed with the establishment of the Soil Conservation Society of America (SCSA) in 1940s/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Enger & Smith Environmental Science A Study of Interrelationships.

via wind or water.  Reduced tillage is a practice that uses less cultivation to control weeds and prepare soil, but generally leaves 15-30% of soil surface covered with crop residue after planting. 13.9 Conservation Tillage  Conservation tillage further reduces amount of soil disturbance and leaves 30% or more of soil surface covered with crop residue. Mulch tillage: Tilling entire surface just prior to planting. Strip tillage: Tilling/


Soil Tunnel: A Portable, Interactive, Conservation Education Tool Presented by: Dale Ledden District Supervisor, Gloucester County Soil Conservation District,

Tool Presented by: Dale Ledden District Supervisor, Gloucester County Soil Conservation District, Sewell, New Jersey; Committee Chairman, State of New Jersey Soil Tunnel Committee A Collaborative of the New Jersey Conservation Partnership Partners are: New Jersey Association of Conservation Districts United States Department of Agriculture- Natural Resources Conservation Service New Jersey Department of Agriculture, State Soil Conservation Committee Funding for Project NRCS provided a grant to help/


Conservation Practices Are Essential Land Management Strategies for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation” Dr. Jorge A. Delgado Soil-Plant-Nutrient.

with the general public is essential to increasing awareness of the benefits of soil and water conservation Soil and Water Conservation Principles Applied to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Principles for Communication of Soil and Water Conservation Programs Ongoing Training Essential. -Education programs and the mentoring of new personnel are important for maintaining an educated workforce. Soil and Water Conservation Principles Applied to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Principles/


Weathering and Soil Formation Rocks and Weathering How Soil Forms Soil Conservation Table of Contents.

: Could this problem happen again? How would you be affected? - Soil Conservation Weathering and Soil Formation Soil Conservation Soil conservation – the management of soil to prevent its destruction. –These methods include: contour plowing, conservation plowing, and crop rotation. Contour plowing – plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss. - Soil Conservation Weathering and Soil Formation Soil Conservation Conservation plowing – dead stalks from the previous year’s crop are left in/


United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service NRCS Programs Applicable to Brownfields Natural Resources Conservation Service.

) formed in 1935 as response to great dust storms (Soil Conservation Service) Employs soil conservationists, conservation planners, & soil scientists Employs soil conservationists, conservation planners, & soil scientists United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service Cash in the Attic November 14, 2006 Brownfields 2006 Great dust storm of 1934 United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service Cash in the Attic November 14, 2006 Brownfields 2006/


< BackNext >PreviewMain Section 4 Soil Conservation Bear Time Franklin D. Roosevelt once said: “The nation that destroys its soil destroys itself.” What.

nutrients they need. < BackNext >PreviewMain Soil Conservation If we do not take care of soils, they could become unusable. In order to keep our soils usable, we need to conserve them. Soil conservation means protecting soils from erosion and nutrient loss. Soil conservation can help to keep soils fertile and healthy. < BackNext >PreviewMain Soil Damage and Loss Overuse Overused soil can lose its nutrients and become infertile. Soil Erosion When soil is left unprotected, it can/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Enger & Smith Environmental Science A Study of Interrelationships.

via wind or water.  Reduced tillage is a practice that uses less cultivation to control weeds and prepare soil, but generally leaves 15-30% of soil surface covered with crop residue after planting. Conventional vs. Conservation Tillage  Conservation tillage further reduces amount of soil disturbance and leaves 30% or more of soil surface covered with crop residue. Mulch tillage: Tilling entire surface just prior to planting. Strip tillage: Tilling/


Mt Kenya University EGE 412: ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION Credit Hours: 3 Pre-requisites: EGE 122 and EGE 222 Lecturer: George Eshiamwata.

of the soil surface. Soil: factors  soil texture.  density of soil particle and density of soil mass.  organic matter content.  soil moisture. Vegetation:  height of vegetation.  density of cover.  types of vegetation.  seasonal distribution of vegetation. Control of wind erosion. Two major types of wind erosion control consist of 1.Those measures that reduce surface wind velocity(vegetation tilling soil after rain) 2.Those that affect soil characteristics such as:  conservation of moisture/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Enger & Smith Environmental Science A Study of Interrelationships.

water flow, and increase water absorption. Soil Conservation Practices Contour farming Soil Conservation Practices Strip farming Soil Conservation Practices  Terracing is the practice of constructing level areas at right angles to the slope to retain water. Good for very steep land. Many factors such as length & steepness of slope, type of soil, & amt of precipitation, determine whether terracing is feasible. Soil Conservation Practices  Even with soil conservation methods, farmers must provide protected/


Dr. Jorge A. Delgado Soil-Plant-Nutrient Research Unit, USDA/ARS “Conservation Practices for Climate Change Adaptation” Photo NASA.

with the general public is essential to increasing awareness of the benefits of soil and water conservation Soil and Water Conservation Principles Applied to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Principles for Communication of Soil and Water Conservation Programs Ongoing Training Essential. -Education programs and the mentoring of new personnel are important for maintaining an educated workforce. Soil and Water Conservation Principles Applied to Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Principles/


Unit E: Basic Principles of Soil Science

weed seedling, but herbicides are more selective. This makes weed identification and herbicide selection critical. Because of soil conservation and economic benefits of conservation tillage, its use has spread rapidly. The term conservation tillage covers several different tillage methods. Mulch-till or chisel-plow—A chisel plow loosens the soil but does not invert it. This is used for primary tillage. Chisel plowing to eight inches leaves/


Chapter 15 Soil Resources

do this is shelterbelts Stabilize land to prevent further erosion Restoring soil to former fertility Best way to do this is shelterbelts Row of trees planted to reduce wind erosion of soil Soil Conservation Policies in US Soil Conservation Act 1935 Authorized formation of Soil Conservation Service, now called Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Assess soil damage and develop policies to improve soil Food Security Act (Farm Bill) 1985 Required farmers with highly erodible/


A History of Conservation in the United States Exploitation - Wasting l A. When people were few there was little need for conservation 1. Wise management.

in Georgia were row cropped Soil Conservation b. grasslands in the southwest were overgrazed. l 3. Early soil conservation meant preventing gully and sheet erosion. Soil Conservation l 4. 1928 first USDA soil conservation bulletin published Soil Erosion - A National Menace l 5. 1933 Soil Erosion Service established (Dept of Int) Soil Conservation l 6. 1935 SES moved to the Dept of Ag and changed name to Soil Conservation Service (SCS) Soil Conservation l 7. 1936 developed a/


SWCS mailing address: 945 SW Ankeny Road Ankeny, Iowa 50023-9723 Phone: (515) 289-2331 Fax: (515) 289-1227 Soil and Water Conservation.

to mitigate or adapt to climate change, we will have lower air, soil, and water quality with less potential to achieve food security. Slide # 5 Principles for Communication of Soil and Water Conservation Programs 1.Communicate at all levels – students, farmers, professionals, the public. 2.Teach the value of soil carbon. 3.Develop communication that connects science to land managers as well as the public. 4/


Conservation Agriculture with Trees (CAwT): Enhancing Agroforestry Economic Benefits and Environmental Services Agustin R Mercado Jr World Agroforestry.

system that diversifies and increases production, while simultaneously promoting social, economic and environmental services for all land users 5 Important principles of CAwT Integration of trees Minimal soil disturbance Continuous mulch or ground cover Diverse crop species Integrated nutrient and pest management Context of Conservation Agriculture Flat lands: >100 M hectares Brazil, Cambodia and other places Sloping lands: Philippines (10 M ha); DPRK ? In the/


Prepared by Bruce Carey Soil conservationist

, more sophisticated methods should be considered. Survey by Mike Stephens (DPI) in 1988 Comparing the ‘Empirical’ and the Darling Downs Flood Frequency (DDFF) versions of the Rational Method For the design of soil conservation measures in Queensland, the ‘Empirical’ version of the Rational Method is usually used. It is named because the parameters it uses (apart from rainfall data) are arbitrary and are generally based/


Ads by Google