Ppt on conservation of forest in india

By Sandeep Tripathi IFS DIRECTOR (Research) Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education Dehra Dun “Addressing Impacts of Climate Change: Global Experience”

issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries;”[FCCC/CP/2007/6/Add.1, 14 March 2008; Decision 1/CP.13 [BAP], paragraph 1(b)(iii)] Incentives Claim: India Proposed policy approach of Compensated Conservation seeks incentive for 1.incremental stocks of 0.96 GtC between 2006-2030 (projected increase/


National Forest Policy & Sustainable Forest Management

- June 2013 Bhopal India Process Bhopal India Process by IIFM under ITTO project 8 Criteria and 43 Indicators Increase in extent of Forest & Tree Cover; Maintenance, conservation and Enhancement of Bio-Diversity; Maintenance and Enhancement of Ecosystem Function and vitality; Conservation and Maintenance of Soil and water resources; Maintenance and Enhancement of Forest Resources and Productivity; Optimization and Forest Resource Utilization Maintenance and Enhancement of Social, Cultural, and Spiritual/


FOREST AND WILDLIFE Skanda S Shenoy X standard Vikasa High School Alkola, Shimoga – 577 204.

. FOREST RESEARCH IN INDIA In India, India Council of Forest Research and Education (ICFRE) is an autonomous body with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, which holds the mandate to organize, direct and manage research and education in the fields of forestry. There are five important research institutes, they are, Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun. Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore Institute of Wood Science and Technology, Bangalore CONSERVATION Conservation is/


Conservation of Asian Tigers

looking to educate the people and allocate forest resources in tiger habitat This project has been ongoing for multiple years and is keeping track of the number of tigers in each area through several methods of observation Conservation Mark-recapture efforts This is a similar grid system that is used in estimating the tiger populations in Sumatra Study by Karanth and Nichols (1998) in India estimated the density for tiger populations/


Ww.wti.org.in on Twitter. VISION A secure natural heritage of India Mission To conserve wildlife and its habitat and to work for.

Evol. 2013 January; 3(1): 48–60) in their study on tiger DNA found the highest rates of contemporary gene flow in populations that are connected by forest corridors thus underlining the importance of tiger connectivity The 45,000 km 2 Satpuda Maikal landscape contains 17% of Indias tiger population and 12% of tiger habitat WTI initiatives for conservation of tiger landscape in Central India Biological studies - Japan Tiger and Elephant Fund/


Established in 1982 by a group of committed and concerned individuals, both within and outside the government. The objective-to focus attention on the.

large-scale interventions in improving land management technologies and institutions. The backdrop was an enhanced awareness in 70s and early 80s about the environmental and livelihood potential of Indias vast areas of wastelands in reserved forests, revenue and panchayat/ with CASA, Timbaktu Collective and AME Foundation Essay writing competition-“Soil Health Conservation of Agriculture and Climate Change”. Invited 20 schools from three regions of Delhi i.e. east, south, central & NCR region. About 18/


TODAY WE ARE GOING TO DO A PROJECT ON THE FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURCES. SO LISTEN WELL WHILE WE ARE SPEAKING. NO SHOUTING, NO GOSSIPING, JUST MAINTAIN.

and animals we cannot survive. Plants create the quality of air we breathe in. India is one of the world’s richest countries in the terms of its vast range of biological diversity and has nearly 8 per cent of the total number of species in the world (estimated to be 1.6 millions) FOREST WILDLIFE CLASSIFICATIONS BASED ON THE INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES (IUCN) NORMAL SPECIES- Species/


TYPES AND DISTRIBUTION OF FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURSES.

TYPES AND DISTRIBUTION OF FOREST AND WILDLIFE RESOURSES. (1) RESERVED FORESTS More than half of the total forest land has been declared reserved forests. These forests are regarded as the most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources are concerned. They are referred as permanent forest. If we want to conserve our vast forest and wildlife resources, it is difficult to manage, control and regulate them. In India, much of its forest and wildlife/


Health Consequences of Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice

Organic chemicals – Sumgayit, Azerbaijan Lead – Tianying, China Hexavalent chromium – Sukinda, India Radiation – Chernobyl, Ukraine Persistent organic pollutants – Arctic Canada Deforestation Tropical forests constitute 7% of land surface area, contain > 50% of plant and animal species Majority of tropical forests destroyed Over one acre of world’s forest cut down every second 25 million trees/yr 50% of global wetlands destroyed (54% in U.S.) 100,000 acres lost per year/


Apes Practice Exam 2 Directions: Each group of lettered answer choices refers to the numbered statements of questions that immediately follow. For each.

) benthic zone. 96. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), the protected area that should be allowed the greatest degree of human impact would be (A) Lava Beds National Monument. (B) Upper Newport Bay Ecological Reserve and Regional Park. (C) Soldier Creek Wilderness Preserve in the Nebraska National Forest. (D) scenic landscape along the northern California coast. (E/


Health Consequences of Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice Martin Donohoe, M.D., F.A.C.P.

bring environmental benefits worth €95 billion over the next 25 years and result in health cost savings of €50 billion over the next 30 years Upgrades to treaty to address mixtures of chemicals Upgrades to treaty to address mixtures of chemicals Convention on Biological Diversity Calls for: Calls for: conservation of biological diversity conservation of biological diversity sustainable use sustainable use Includes Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic/


Cccea.hyd.ngri071109/sg1 The Pernicious Impact of Climate Change A call for action-NOW! A Presentation By Dr. V.P.JAUHARI, IAS. Chairman And Sanjay Gadhalay.

in preventing floods, drought, water logging, salinisation and alkalisation. cccea.hyd.ngri071109/sg34 Change in the Forest Cover of India WATER BALANCE OF A NATURAL SHOLA FOREST Rain 1345 mm Transportation 540 mm (40%) Interception ( 35%) Runoff 335 mm (25%) Infiltration 217 mm/hr Role of Forests Forests play an extremely important role in/ a shorter shower Every two minutes you save on your shower can conserve more than ten gallons of water. Recycle glass Recycled glass reduces related air pollution by 20%/


Introduction A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting).treeshunting These plant communities.

future products as yet undiscovered. There are two broad categories of gene conservation programs. In situ programs conserve entire forest ecosystems in forest reserves, national parks, wilderness areas, or other areas set aside for conservation purpose. Indian rain forest Indias unique topography, terrain, climate and vegetation, brings out natural diversity that cannot be witnessed anywhere else in the world. Tropical forests in Indias east present a total contrast with the pine and coniferous woodland/


FOREST ECOSYSTEM SERVICES Dr. Mohit Gera, IFS Faculty, IGNFA E mail:

secure ecosystem conservation and ensure uninterrupted flow of ES in question. BENEFICIARY PAYS PRINCIPLE Examples of ecosystem services in demand Recreational value Air quality improvement (urban demand) Watershed protection (Water, soil conservation) Biodiversity conservation Carbon sinks Need for creation of a system of localized payments for these ecosystem services from forests. This may prove to be a long term & sustainable solution to financing SFM in India. (i)Valuation of biodiversity in KNP : Rs/


Dehradun 18 June 2013 Jagdish Kishwan Chief Advisor, Policy Wildlife Trust of India Member, Government of India, Planning Commission Expert Group on Low.

» Water scarcity for domestic use » Social unrest Climate Change: Impacts on Other Sectors  Mitigation  Adaptation (Difficult to separate) Response of Forest Sector Natural forests and plantations Change in composition/vegetation shift – Aided natural regeneration, species mix – Conservation of genetic diversity - in-situ and ex-situ – Sustainable management of forest – Use of energy efficient wood fuel stoves Increased fire and pest damage – Improved, more intense fire management, thinning and sanitation/


Community Oriented Integrated Ecosystem Approach for Conservation and Sustainable Management of Forest Genetic Resources: Challenges in Biodiversity Conservation.

Community Oriented Integrated Ecosystem Approach for Conservation and Sustainable Management of Forest Genetic Resources: Challenges in Biodiversity Conservation in Natural Tropical ForestIndia Dr R K Pandey Head, Forest Ecology & Environment Division Madhya Pradesh State Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, India (pandeyrk1@yahoo.com) 1 India has a long history of conservation and management of biodiversity/medicinal & aromatic plants. 2 SFRI, Jabalpur India is one of the 12 mega diversity countries  /


Combating Climate Change : India’s Concerns and Policies Dr. Arvind Jasrotia Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Jammu INDIA Dr. Arvind.

to conserve biodiversity, forest cover, and other ecological values in the Himalayan region, where glaciers that are a major source of India’s water supply, are projected to recede as a result of global warming. National Mission for a Green India Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory. Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest/


….Created By: Saurabh Patel CONDITIONS OF TIGERS IN INDIA INDIA’S tiger habitats may be shrinking but its tiger population has increased, claims the.

OF TIGERS IN INDIA INDIA’S tiger habitats may be shrinking but its tiger population has increased, claims the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). On March 28, the ministry announced 295 tigers have been added to the previous estimate—the 2006 count had estimated 1,411 tigers in/increased because of conservation efforts, new areas being surveyed and improved counting system. The latest survey used a double sampling process, says Y Jhala, senior scientist with the Wildlife Institute of India, who/


Apes Practice Exam 2 Directions: Each group of lettered answer choices refers to the numbered statements of questions that immediately follow. For each.

) benthic zone. 96. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), the protected area that should be allowed the greatest degree of human impact would be (A) Lava Beds National Monument. (B) Upper Newport Bay Ecological Reserve and Regional Park. (C) Soldier Creek Wilderness Preserve in the Nebraska National Forest. (D) scenic landscape along the northern California coast. (E/


Ali Reja Osmani Faculty, Karimganj Law College Karimganj, Assam, India.

. Therefore India must try to settle the issues with the local people first and then go at the international level. Otherwise an unrest society will be greater threat to nation’s internal security and overall development. The greatest hurdle in front of the government will be ensuring the rights of forest dependent/dwelling communities entrusted under the Forest Rights Act and the forest itself under the Forest (Conservation) Act/


INDIAN CASE STUDY OF PROJECT TIGER AND BIOSPHERE RESERVE Submitted by K.MURUGESAN I st M.Sc.,BOTANY GANDHIGRAM RURAL UNIVERSITY TAMILNADU.

footprints (pugmarks), reported that previous estimates of tiger numbers in India may be hugely optimistic. TIGER ORGANISATION The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been amended to provide for constituting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger Plan to protect endangered tigers The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment & Forests The Wild Life (Protection) Amendment/


WTO Symposium on Trade and Sustainable Development

imagery India: Village Forest Protection Committee (Joint Forest Management) Bolivia: Legislative reforms conferring greater responsibility to individuals and local communities Ecuador: Independent certifiers and outsourcing of supervisory functions of the forest department Ghana: Timber Utilization Contracts Protecting local and global values Build markets for international public goods such as carbon; Build national markets for environmental services; Strengthen policies and investments in conservation/


Status & issues of the World Forests

DG, Forest Survey of India Fmr PCCF and Prl Secretary Forests, Arunachal Pradesh Email ID: dpandeyifs@rediffmail; pandeyd30@gmail.com OVERVIEW OF WORLD’s FORESTS RESOURCE The interest in the world’s forests has grown due to awareness of their role in the global carbon cycle Mitigates climate change by reducing C emission due to deforestation and forest degradation and increasing C stock due to afforestation, conservation and SFM. Role of forest in conserving biodiversity and/


Climate Change & Forests; Impacts & vulnerability Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore.

sector is critical in addressing climate change Forest sector is very contentious in global negotiations Figure 1: Forest cover map of India of 2007 (FSI, 2009) Trends in area under forest over the period 1987 to 2009 (according to FSI reports) Cumulative area afforested during 1951 to 2005 Status of Forests India has reasonably succeeded in conserving forests – though degradation continues India has effective forest conservation acts India is also implementing one of the largest afforestation programmes/


RURAL AREA Where the people are engaged in primary industry in the sense that they produce things directly for the first time in cooperation with nature.

what matters! What are we doing to save our resources? The Government of India has undertaken many measures for the conservation of the resources Regulations and reforms for proper housing and infrastructure development to avoid land acquisition problems Mass media public service messages to educate the people on the importance of conservation of resources Increase the wildlife and forest reserves in the country Schemes to do a proper inventory/


Tiger Watch: Ranthambore Tiger Conservation Anti-Poaching Efforts and Affected Community Rehabilitation.

conservations, researchers and other institutions, poaching is not being tackled. Two government agencies are assigned to anti- poaching: Forest Dept and Police; the police are overburdened with criminal cases and the Forest Dept is not trained for anti-poaching. Ranthambore TP Was considered to be the success story of “Project Tiger” led by Fateh Singh Rathore Ranthambore was one of the most popular tourist destinations in India/


Remember - “you and I can decide the future”

and marine ecosystems that are storehouses for biodiversity. From an economic perspective, these coastal and marine ecosystems are of great importance in that they provide a wide range of ecosystem goods and services. India has a long tradition of mangrove Forest Management. The concern of the Government of India for the conservation of forests and wildlife was clearly demonstrated by a 1976 amendment to the Indian Constitution, which states that it shall/


Issues Urban pollution Agricultural water use Linking the rivers of India Conservation.

of India Conservation Delhi Lucknow Varnasi Patna Calcutta Yamuna Gomti Ganga Ganga Son, Gandak Crop Developed Forest Shrubland Grassland Barren Land cover within 5km of the river Percent 80 60 40 20 0 Ganga Watershed St. Lawrence Watershed Land cover within 5km of the river Percent 80 60 40 20 0 Crop Developed Forest Shrubland Grassland Barren Why are we here? To learn about research and conservation activities in/


Natural resources Natural resources are natural assets (raw materials) occurring in nature that can be used for economic production or consumption. Such.

JFM, where local village community and the forest department work in co-ordination to protect and conserve forest resource. In the guideline issued in 2000 by MOEF, at least 25% of income from the area must go to the community . Until 2002, there were 63,618 JFM committees managing over 140,953sq km of forest in 27 state in India. Social forestry: It includes Creation of woodlots in the village common land, government waste/


Health Consequences of Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice Martin Donohoe, M.D., F.A.C.P.

/day of waste One hospital bed generates between 16 and 23 lbs/day of waste Outbreak of hepatitis B in India due to black market in medical waste and supplies (2009) Outbreak of hepatitis B in India due to black market in medical waste/ Lands Coalition The Oregon Lands Coalition National Wilderness Institute National Wilderness Institute The Environmental Conservation Organization The Environmental Conservation Organization The Foundation for Clean Air Progress The Foundation for Clean Air Progress Similar /


Health Consequences of Environmental Degradation and Social Injustice Martin Donohoe, M.D., F.A.C.P.

lbs/day of waste One hospital bed generates between 16 and 23 lbs/day of waste Outbreak of hepatitis B in India due to black market in medical waste and supplies (2009) Outbreak of hepatitis B in India due to black market in medical waste and/ over the next 25 years and result in health cost savings of €50 billion over the next 30 years Convention on Biological Diversity Calls for: Calls for: conservation of biological diversity conservation of biological diversity sustainable use sustainable use Includes /


Protecting Traditional Knowledge in India March 22, 2012 Anuradha R.V. Partner, Clarus Law Associates New Delhi, India.

Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 Forest Dwellers Act Historic in terms of content: ▫Early Forest laws in India- focus was State control over resources; conservation New Act: ▫Grants legal recognition to the rights of traditional forest dwelling communities ▫Makes a beginning towards giving communities a voice in forest and wildlife conservation. Forest Dwellers Act (cont’d) Criteria for Protection: ▫Primarily residing in forests or forest lands; ▫Depends on forests and forest/


Lecture on Concept of SEP: An Understanding at Local, State and National Level By Prof. Prasanta De Centre for Environmental Planning & Technology Ahmedabad,

) ACT, 1974 2. THE WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1974 Problem was Perceived pollution of river water. 3. FOREST CONSERVATION ACT, 1980 3. FOREST CONSERVATION ACT, 1980 Conservation of forest areas. Environmental Concerns in India: 4. THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981 4. THE AIR (PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981 - increasing industrialization; - tendency of the majority of the industries to congregate in urban areas. 5. THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT/


Responsible Management Session 3: The institutional environment of CSR Nathalie CRUTZEN Assistant Professor (HEC-Ulg) Visiting Professor.

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8hnJAsDJ2bQ http://www.fsc.org/107.html 35  A fishery certification program and seafood eco-label which recognizes and rewards sustainable fishing  It is a global organization working with fisheries, seafood companies, scientists, conservation groups and the public to promote the best environmental choice in seafood  The mission of/WWF Indias partnership policy See WWF Indias partnership policyWWF Indias partnership policyWWF Indias /


General Body Meeting Feb 3 rd,2007 Association for India’s Development - Philadelphia.

Forest Issues Workshop Depletion of forest resources in the last few decades Need for conserving and protecting forests and natural resources is clear How are forests and natural resources intertwined with the livelihoods of people? How is the issue of forest conservation linked with the issue of protecting the rights of tribal people to forest/ our work : If you feel that our work is valuable in bringing about social change in India, please contribute towards our efforts. even a small contribution can /


Forest Functions Management V.N. Pandey Conservator of Forests January 6, 2003 Disaster Management Institute.

-use values 2 - 27 Not estimated India in respect of World 2% of land area 1.8% of forest land 16% of human population 18% of livestock population 7% of biodiversity (species diversity) Land use Agricultural land- Agro/Farm forestry Forest land- Natural forests - Plantations Other land- Environmental forestry FORESTPURPOSEACTIVITIES Protection Water /Soil conservation Soil moisture conservation works Protected Area Biodiversity conservation Habitat improvement Production Timber production Selective felling/


Collaborative Approaches for Biodiversity Conservation.

, Panchayat sub committees to integrate conservation concerns into village planning Use of Maps, GIS, data etc for village and district level Planning exercises especially with District Councils For example WWF has compiled comprehensive GIS (Geographic Information Systems) databases on elephant distribution, human-elephant conflict, forest cover loss, and other parameters covering 15 districts in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. WWF-India and the Indian Roads Congress/


Environmental History AP Environmental Science. Ancient Civilizations Ancient Civilizations Air pollution was common in large towns long before the industrial.

, forcing a switch to coal. Timbering in the forests of England, France, Germany leaves large tracts totally denuded by around 1550 in England and the 1600s in Europe, forcing a switch to coal. Midde Ages and Renaissance Midde Ages and Renaissance Soil conservation was not widely practiced in the Mediterranian, but cultures in China, India and Peru understood the long term impact of soil erosion and used terracing, crop rotation/


RAPTOR RESEARCH & CONSERVATION FOUNDATION Conservation through research to ensure stable wild populations of the various species of Asian birds of prey.

establish liaison and make representations to the decision-makers in the Government of India, State Governments, forest departments, local and public authorities, research- based conservation bodies in India and abroad with respect to policy issues in ensuring the survival of raptor species and prevent practices deleterious to the environment in general. R.R.C.F RAPTOR RESEARCH & CONSERVATION FOUNDATION 6. To initiate a conservation department with dedicated staff who will translate field/


Unit 3 – Case Studies Biodiversity Under Threat. Madagascar Key Characteristics-> Total of 8 plant,4 bird and 5 primate families that are all endemic.

Conservation-> 4.3% of the area is protected, with views to expand this in the future. The European Unions Habitat Directive is important in protecting ‘special’ areas. Threats-> Populations are threatened by urbanisation and development fragmenting their habitats Population of 300million Water shortages and desertification Atlantic Forest/fall. Insecure Water Future for India The future of Water supply in India is insecure because; It has considerable water supplies provided by 3 of the world’s major rivers/


1 Call of the Helpless King Help Save the Lions of Gir, India.

. Pradeep Khanna, PCCF-WL and Chief Wildlife Warden, Gandhinagar – Gujarat, pradeepkhanna10@yahoo.compradeepkhanna10@yahoo.com Mr. Divyabhanusinh Chavda, President of WWF India and Member of Cat Specialist Group, IUCN Author of ‘The Story of Asia’s Lion (2005) and The Cheetah in India (1995), sawaj_cheetah@rediffmail.com sawaj_cheetah@rediffmail.com Mr. Bharat Pathak, Conservator of Forest (WL), Junagadh – 362002 – Gujarat, cf-wl-jun@gujarat.gov.incf-wl-jun@gujarat.gov/


MODULE 3. Ecosystem The term ecosystem was coined by A.G. Tansley (1953). Ecosystem is defined as a natural unit consisting of all plants, animals and.

river deltas.  These plants are able to grow in a mix of saline and fresh water.  The mangrove trees have breathing roots that emerge from the mudbanks. Trees- Avicenia, Rhizophora Animals- Crocodile, fish, shorebirds – sandpipers Importance of Forests resource: Consumptive value Environmental services Aesthetic and cultural values. Problem associated with the forest resource and its conservation. Grassland Ecosystems  rainfall is usually low and/or the soil/


Save Tiger Not only is tiger a beautiful animal but it is also the indicator of the forests health. Saving the tiger means we save the forest since.

of India and Hemanta Mishra of Nepal, pointed out an important lesson more than a decade ago: unless local community needs are met, conservation of the tiger will not succeed and protected areas will perish. What Needs to be Done to Save the Tiger Conservation of tiger habitat and of prey In/of forest cover interference of humans and encroachment of forest land by people causing fragmentation. At the turn of the century, there were almost reportedly 40,000 tigers in India, but now only around 4,000 remain in/


ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION. Air Pollution  Air –Necessary for Existence –Colorless, odorless mixture of gases –Quality of air varies in different.

of 5.6.  Carbonic acid from atmospheric CO 2. –In industrialized areas, anthropogenic acids in the air often outweigh natural sources of acid. Acid Deposition  Forest Damage –Air pollution and depositions of atmospheric acids are believed to be important causes of forest destruction in /the Damodar Action plan were added.  In 1995 the National River Conservation plan was launched. Under this all the rivers in India were taken up for clean-up operations. In most of these plans, attempts have been made to /


DRINKING WATER, BIODIVERSITY and DEVELOPMENT

of FONAFIFO’s social impacts in the Virilla watershed found it has had significant benefits in terms of strengthened capacity for integrated management of farm and forest resources, and has contributed to the protection of 16,500 ha of primary forest, sustainable management of 2,000 ha, and reforestation of 1,300,000 ha, with spin-off benefits for biodiversity conservation and prevention of/ Development Programme, Jhabua District, Madhya Pradesh, India. Accessed at: http://www.unep.org/desertification/


Presentation by Dr. A. P. Singh, IFS Conservator of Forests

Dr. A. P. Singh, IFS Conservator of Forests Gujarat Forestry Development Project Gujarat State, Gandhinagar Introduction - So far, 04.13 lacs plants identified on the globe. Out of 04.13 lacs, 02.50 lacs are Angiosperms. So far, 45,364 plants identified in India. Out of 45,364 plants, 17,500 are Angiosperms. So far, 4,327 plants identified in Gujarat Out of 4,327 plants, 2,205 are/


SAWEN Update BHUTAN Sonam Wangchuk, Chief Wildlife Conservation Division, Bhutan Second Meeting of South Asia Expert Group on Illegal Wildlife Trade –

- WCD conducted one day training workshop on how to operate the online database with focal officers identified in all the field offices - Training of trainers on tiger conservation (Teacher, park staff) - Co-existence of human with elephants (Zoo Outreach) Regional Level - Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun - certificate course in wildlife management (1-2 slot Global Tiger Forum) - PG Diploma course (1 slot SAARC) - Observation tour to/


B) biotic aspects: The plants and animals form communities that are specific to each forest type. Plants include the trees, shrubs, climbers, grasses,

river deltas. These plants are able to grow in a mix of saline and fresh water. The mangrove trees have breathing roots that emerge from the mudbanks. Trees- Avicenia, Rhizophora Animals- Crocodile, fish, shorebirds – sandpipers Importance of Forests resource: Consumptive value Environmental services Aesthetic and cultural values. Problem associated with the forest resource and its conservation. Grassland Ecosystems rainfall is usually low and/or the soil/


Totality of genes, species and ecosystems of a region. Genetic diversity- variation of genes within species. Definition.

of biodiversity in a decentralized manner. It helps equitable sharing of benefits arising out of commercial utilization of biodiversity resources and knowledge of their uses. Appropriate action plan is also formulated for each strategy – Maintain the topographic features of the State to reduce the loss of Biodiversity. – Documentation of the biodiversity and its traditional use – Conservation of biodiversity rich areas outside the Protected Areas – Build up a strong database on the forest/


Environmental Management. CHAPTER – 1 Definition of Environment and Management.

Vehicles Act, 1938, there was a provision to control pollution and Indian Forest Act was passed in 1927. After independence, serious efforts have been made in the form of legislation for the conservation and protection of the environment. The act and laws passed during last 60 years, is a major step for the protection of environment in India. The following are the important Acts: 1.Damodar Valley Corporation (Prevention/


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