Ppt on computer software and languages

School of Applied Technology, Dep. Of Computer Engineering, T.E.I of Epirus A-Class: a novel classification method I.Tsoulos, A. Tzallas, E. Glavas.

Support vector machines 3 School of Applied Technology, Dep. Of Computer Engineering, T.E.I of Epirus Grammatical Evolution  Genetic algorithm  Introduced by Ryan and ONeil  It has been used in many scientific & practical/language  ….was tested on a series of well known problems  The associated software was implemented using Qt Creator programming environment & was installed on Android mobile devices 14 School of Applied Technology, Dep. Of Computer Engineering, T.E.I of Epirus Future Work The software/


CS 110 Intro to Computer Science I Sami Rollins Fall 2006.

Main memory Secondary memory CPU Input devices Output devices Computer Software Operating system –Examples? Applications –Examples? Application Execution Hard Disk (Secondary storage) Main Memory CPU Input Output Computer Programs At the lowest level – machine instructions –00000111000 One step up – assembly language –ADD A More user friendly – high level languages –C = A + B; –Examples? Compiled Languages Some languages are compiled or translated directly into machine instructions High-level/


Objectives Machine language vs.. High-level language Procedure-oriented, object-oriented, and event- driven languages Background of Visual Basic VB Integrated.

and Help features Software Application Software – Word Processors – Database s/w – Spreadsheets – Painting programs – Web browsers, email programs System Software – Operating Systems Windows Macintosh OS Unix Linux – Drivers Software is comprised of instructions that get a computer to perform a task. Software Computer Hardware Processing Unit Output Unit Input Unit Memory Unit System Software Application Software Operating System Language Processor Utility Software General Software Customized Software/


Chapter 4: System Software The Power Behind the Computer.

Chapter 4: System Software The Power Behind the Computer Classifications of Systems Software Operating System Utility Programs Language Translators Operating System Master System of programs used to manage the computer. –Resource Management –User Interface Components –Kernel/Monitor// –Novell Netware Common OSs (Continued Unix –BSD –ATT System V –Linux (PC) –FreeBSD family (PC and others) VMS (DEC Vax computers) VM (IBM Mainframe) Palm Operating Environment A “Shell” added to an OS to give a particular user /


Introduction to Computing Muhammad Saeed. Topics Course Description Overview of Areas Contact Information.

Input Processing Processor Memory Output Firmware Embedded Systems BIOS Software Related System Level & Utility Programs Operating System Compilers Antivirus Application Level MS Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) Games Hybrid/Management Level Database Management System Network Management System Disciplines of Computer Science Programming Languages & Compiler Operating System Database System Software Engineering Network and Communications Artificial Intelligence Contact Email @ muhammadsaeed@iba.edu.pk/


Web Resources for Computer Science Education Doug Peterson Greater Essex County District School Board.

focus on using information rather than looking for it Encourages students to analyze, synthesize and evaluate information Webquest Page Six Parts of a Webquest Introduction Task Information Sources Process Guidance Conclusion Webquests To Filter or Not? Early History of Computing Basic Network Design Software Evaluation Computer Security Webquest for Software Tools Visual Basic Webquest Give Back… Thames Valley TIK Resources St.Mary’s DCVI TIK/


Adaptive Software Kevin Cella Graduate Seminar 02/04/2005.

! A Closer Look What is Adaptive Programming? An extension of OOP using graph theory and formal languages to further abstract collaborating classes and generate a family of programs from a common architectural graph. Class Graph Procedure Traversal Strategy => Propagation Pattern => Wrapper Definition => Generated Code Result Agenda Adaptive Computing History Adaptive Software Formal Definition DemeterJ / AOP  Alternate Designs Advantages/Disadvantages Applications Reactions Wrap it up! Formal/


Software Chapter 2. Basic Types of Software System software - provides an environment in which the application software can run Applications software.

a letter, calculating a spreadsheet, drawing a picture. System Software Utilities Device Drivers Language Translators System Software Components Operating System (sometimes called the Kernel) is loaded into RAM when the system is booted. System supervisor. Data Management - keeping track of data in secondary storage TP Monitor - keeping track of multiple terminal entry into large computer systems Network Operating System - controls flow of data within/


Winter 2006-761102 Compilers Software Eng. Dept. – Ort Braude Compiling Assignments and Expressions Lecturer: Esti Stein brd4.ort.org.il/~esti2.

Winter 2006-761102 Compilers Software Eng. Dept. – Ort Braude Compiling Assignments and Expressions Lecturer: Esti Stein brd4.ort.org.il/~esti2 Winter 2006-761102 Compilers Software Eng. Dept. – Ort Braude /Software Eng. Dept. – Ort Braude The Languages Source language – thinned down version of Pascal. Target computer – abstract machine, the P machine. –The architecture was designed to make compiling Pascal into its machine language. Winter 2006-761102 Compilers Software Eng. Dept. – Ort Braude Language /


Adding markup instructions to documents is not new. Before computers, authors would make annotations by hand in their written or typed documents. These.

binary files. The rendition of a file is what you see when computer software reads the file and interprets the markup instructions. The markup instructions in the file tell the software how to render the text in the file onto the computer screen. A word processor, such as Microsoft Word, uses a custom markup language. But you only see only the rendition, not the underlying markup/


CIS 505: Programming- Language Paradigms Torben Amtoft Xinming (Simon) Ou Aug 23, 2010.

languages are designed, implemented, and compiled – In particular, we will introduce three “paradigms” of programming languages Why do you want to take this course? To let computers do things for us, we must speak computerslanguagesComputerslanguages are designed by humans – Whether you realize it or not, you are designing languages to be used by computer/ – Elements of ML Programming, ML97 edition, Prentice Hall 1998 Elements of ML Programming Software Python Standard ML of NJ XSB Prolog system


Framework Examples: Part 1 Douglas C. Schmidt Professor of Computer Science Institute for Software.

language that helps to Preserve crucial design information used by apps & middleware frameworks Facilitate reuse of proven software designs Guide design choices for app developers Framework Examples: Part 4 Douglas C. Schmidt d.schmidt@vanderbilt.edu www.dre.vanderbilt.edu/~schmidt Professor of Computer Science Institute for Software/ Patterns in the ACE Streams Framework The ACE Streams framework implements the Pipes and Filters pattern Each processing step is encapsulated in a filter component Data is /


Programming Concepts What we are going to learn in this subject? The basic concepts of writing computer programs commonly known as software.

IOP CPU INPUTOUTPUT Memory All information and communication is performed inside the computer in the form of 0 and 1(Binary,Digital) Computer Programming Software development All development is done in some programming language Problem is that computer only understand 0 & 1 PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES The programming languages evolved in following: I. Machine Language II. Assembly Language III. High level languages Procedural Languages Object Oriented Languages MACHINE LANGUAGE Written in the form of 0/


Evolution of Telecom Software Perspectives from a Software Engineer Dr. Jey Veerasamy.

Dr. Jey Veerasamy Background: Education BE Electronics and Communication Engineering, Anna University, India 1986-90 MS Computer Science @ UTD, 1991-94 PhD Computer Science @ UTD, 1994-99 – Dissertation: Graph algorithms - improved approximation algorithms for tour problems Background: Software Engineer Mobile Switching Center (MTX) software, BNR/Nortel, 1994-97 – Developed features on MTX platform Base Station & Base Station Controller software, Samsung Telecom America (STA), 1997-2010 – Limited/


Department of Computer Science Requirements Analysis for Complex Software Systems Vereistenanalyse voor complexe softwaresystemen.

Software engineering: basic package  Master applied informatics o Software engineering: mandatory package  Master of Computer Science o Software engineering: mandatory package o Secure software: optional package  Timetable  1 st or 2 nd year  1 st semester  Load  3 study points Objectives  Business process modeling  Study and/ Dec 23: Object Constraint Language [Eric] Course Material  Course notes  Agile Requirements Management [K. Hardy]  The Object Constraint Language [Tutorial]  Slides 6 /


Sign Language Dictionaries Geoffrey Hunt. Why do Deaf people need sign language dictionaries? To learn the meaning of a sign without needing to know a.

and sentences Why do hearing people need a sign language dictionary? To help them learn a sign language. To help them appreciate that sign languages are real languages To keep a record of the sign language To investigate how sign languages /only a beta version, can be used on a computer & supplied by DVD Web version is planned Now the software … Monolingual, Bilingual, etc. Dialects of sign languages Can produce: –general dictionaries for a sign language –specialist dictionaries, e.g. key biblical terms in/


Slide 4-1 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Operating Systems: A Modern Perspective, Chapter 4 Computer Organization.

A Modern Perspective, Chapter 4 Stored Program Computers and Electronic Devices Patter n Fixed Electronic Device Variable/ R3,R4 store R3,d Assembly Language 10111001001100…1 10111001010000…0 10100111001100…0 10111010001100…1 10111001010000…0 10100110001100…0 10111001101100…1 Machine Language Slide 4-5 Copyright © 2004 Pearson/ 0 working 1 1 (undefined) Busy/done bits used to signal event occurrences to software and software to device Slide 4-12 Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Operating Systems: A/


Institut Teknologi Bandung

(4GL) 4. APPLICATION GENERATORS: User specifies computer needs Generator creates logic and code for application Greatly reduces development time * Muhamad Abduh Institut Teknologi Bandung FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 5. VERY HIGH-LEVEL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: Professional programmer productivity tool Uses fewer instructions Reduces development time * Muhamad Abduh Institut Teknologi Bandung FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 7. SOFTWARE PACKAGE: Commercially available set of programs... WORD PROCESSING/


© Coverity 2010 Coverity Analysis: Improving Quality in the Software Supply Chain Peter Henriksen, Development Manager for Analysis, Coverity October 1,

party Company wide libraries Coverity Integrity Report: Software Certification Coverity Software Integrity Rating 10 How to Use Your Software Integrity Rating 10ALL MATERIALS CONFIDENTIAL Set software integrity standards for your projects, products and teams Audit your software supply chain Promote your commitment to software integrity 11 Next Steps for SATE 11ALL MATERIALS CONFIDENTIAL Defect (& FP) Catalog Select one code base (per language) Fix the version Perform deep & thorough/


6.1 © 2002 by Prentice Hall c h a p t e r 6 6 MANAGING SOFTWARE ASSETS.

PRIMARY STORAGE SYSTEM SOFTWARE: MANAGES COMPUTER RESOURCESSYSTEM SOFTWARE: MANAGES COMPUTER RESOURCES APPLICATION SOFTWARE: SPECIFIC BUSINESS APPLICATIONAPPLICATION SOFTWARE: SPECIFIC BUSINESS APPLICATION* SOFTWARE 6.6 © 2002 by Prentice Hall PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE; FORTRAN; COBOL; PL / 1; QBASIC; PASCAL; C; C++; FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES OPERATING SYSTEM: SCHEDULED COMPUTER EVENTSSCHEDULED COMPUTER EVENTS ALLOCATES COMPUTER RESOURCES MONITORS EVENTSALLOCATES COMPUTER RESOURCES MONITORS/


Secrets of Software Model Checking Thomas Ball Sriram K. Rajamani Software Productivity Tools Microsoft Research

Software Model Checking Counterexample-driven refinement for C –model = boolean programs –model creation (c2bp) –model checking (bebop) –model refinement (newton) SLAM toolkit –build on MSR program analysis infrastructure prog. P’ prog. P SLIC rules The SLAM Process boolean program path predicates slic c2bp bebop newton SLIC Finite state language/ of –equalities –uninterpreted function symbols –inequalities (x < c) Computation of good minterms via CFL- reachability query Example Graph Closure Rules /


7. INFORMATION SYSTEMS SOFTWARE

, photos, videos presentation managers * 7.22 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 4. APPLICATION GENERATORS: user specifies computer needs generator creates logic and code for application greatly reduces development time * 7.23 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 5. VERY HIGH-LEVEL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: professional programmer productivity tool uses fewer instructions reduces development time * 7.24 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 7. SOFTWARE PACKAGE: commercially available set of programs... WORD PROCESSING/


Final Overview Fawzi Emad Chau-Wen Tseng Department of Computer Science University of Maryland, College Park.

Computer Science University of Maryland, College Park Final Exam Time & place May 17 th, 4-6pm ARM 0135 (Reckord Armory) Content Entire course Slight emphasis on newer material Overview of Topics 1. Software engineering 2. Object-oriented design 3. Algorithm complexity 4. Algorithms 5. Data structures 6. Java language features 7. Applications Topics  Software engineering  Software/algorithmic complexity of code Write code Apply & describe algorithms Wrap Up Finally Good luck on Exam And Have a nice summer!


1-July-2002cse142-Shortcuts Tutorial © 2002 University of Washington1 Shortcuts Tutorial CSE 142, Summer 2002 Computer Programming 1

link is on CSE 142 Software page Javadoc documentation tool shortcut to C:appsjdk140docs ooldocswin32javadoc.html This is part of the same documentation file as the API docs described on the previous page Java Language Specification shortcut to C:/remote logon and file transfer sshclient.exe BlueJ development tool bluej.exe Windows command prompt cmd.exe jEdit source code editor jedit.exe Other applications McAffee Virus Scan part of the UWICK software package http://www.washington.edu/computing/software/ X-/


Programming Languages Lecture 12. What is Programming?  The process of telling the computer what to do  Also known as coding.

. C etc… Computer Languages: c) User-Friendly Languages: These languages are very easy to codify and simplest to learn. Some are:- i. dBASE ii. Oracle iii. MS Access etc… Computer Languages: d) Object-Oriented Languages: The languages which are based on object oriented programming (OOP) approach are called as Object-Oriented languages. For example:- i. Smalltalk ii. C++ iii. Object COBOL iv. JAVA v. Simula etc… Language Translators:  The software, which converts/


What is Computer Software? Hardware vs Software Got to have both to get the job done!

 Assist with personal tasks  Word  PowerPoint  Media Player  Variety of uses:  Business  Graphics and Multimedia  Home/Personal/ Educational  Communications Systems Software  Interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware  Examples:  Operating systems  Utilities (diagnostics, servers)  Language translators Operating Systems  Helps user communicate with computer  Uses a desktop to provide on-screen work area (graphical user interface)  Windows  Linux  Mac/


Developing a Computer-Mediated Communication Community (CMCC): Re-Imagining Speech-Language Intervention for Individuals with Acquired Neurogenic Communication.

computer-mediated communication to scaffold successful communicative interactions amplify therapeutic effects of direct treatment by by bringing CMCC into clinical spaces CMCC for Adults Managing Communication Disorders Adults with mild to moderate-severe: –Aphasia –Right Hemisphere Syndrome –Traumatic Brain Injury Family, friends, caregivers Professionals –Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) –Student SLPs Technology Application Build on existing software/new) software & hardware –Identify training &/


7. INFORMATION SYSTEMS SOFTWARE 7.1. INFORMATION SYSTEM INFORMATIONSYSTEM BUSINESSCHALLENGE BUSINESSSOLUTIONS MANAGEMENTINFORMATIONTECHNOLOGYORGANIZATION.

SPECIFIES COMPUTER NEEDS GENERATOR CREATES LOGIC AND CODE FOR APPLICATIONGENERATOR CREATES LOGIC AND CODE FOR APPLICATION GREATLY REDUCES DEVELOPMENT TIMEGREATLY REDUCES DEVELOPMENT TIME* 7.26 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 5. VERY HIGH-LEVEL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMMER PRODUCTIVITY TOOLPROFESSIONAL PROGRAMMER PRODUCTIVITY TOOL USES FEWER INSTRUCTIONSUSES FEWER INSTRUCTIONS REDUCES DEVELOPMENT TIMEREDUCES DEVELOPMENT TIME* 7.27 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 6. SOFTWARE PACKAGE/


7.1. LEARNING OBJECTIVES DESCRIBE MAJOR TYPES OF SOFTWAREDESCRIBE MAJOR TYPES OF SOFTWARE EXAMINE SYSTEM SOFTWARE & OPERATING SYSTEMSEXAMINE SYSTEM SOFTWARE.

specifies computer needs generator creates logic and code for applicationgenerator creates logic and code for application greatly reduces development timegreatly reduces development time* 7.23 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 5. VERY HIGH-LEVEL PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES: professional programmer productivity toolprofessional programmer productivity tool uses fewer instructionsuses fewer instructions reduces development timereduces development time* 7.24 FOURTH GENERATION LANGUAGES (4GL) 7. SOFTWARE PACKAGE/


What is Computer Software?. Hardware vs Software Got to have both to get the job done!

users more productive Assist with personal tasks Word PowerPoint Media Player Variety of uses: Business Graphics and Multimedia Home/Personal/ Educational Communications Systems Software Interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware Examples: Operating systems Utilities (diagnostics, servers) Language translators Operating Systems Helps user communicate with computer Uses a desktop to provide on-screen work area (graphical user interface) Windows Linux Mac-OS/


Computer Programming I. Today’s Lecture  Components of a computer  Program  Programming language  Binary representation.

 RAM  Why? Programs  Computer  Hardware  Software  Programs that run on a computer  Operating system  Application software Copyright © 2006 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. 1-9 Programming Languages  Three types of programming languages 1. Machine languages  Strings of numbers giving machine specific/ 7 th last digit 1 / 2 = 0 The result is 1100100 Convert Decimal Number 1492 to Binary Number Bytes and Words  A group of 8 bits is a byte  A byte can represent 2 8 = 256 possible states /


Chapter 3 – 1952-1968 Early History of Software. Software What is software? Programming? Extremes – Microcode vs. Interface Read comments - Page 81 How.

algebraic equations – Backus (FORTRAN) – Elegant but threatened the “priesthood” – Knuth – too slow Assemblers Systems  Programming Languages One-to-one binary (machine) code Macro instructions Symbolic Addressing (variables) SHARE 1955 - IBM 701 users in L.A/tape Up to 1973 - 25% compute time – sorting People “used” printed reports, not computer Betty Holberton @ UNIVAC-1952 – Sorted small groups and merged with master file – Knuth – “1 st major software routine ever developed for automatic programming /


Correctness of Software Models Mira Balaban, Azzam Maraee Computer Science Department Ben-Gurion University Model correctnessFall 20121.

119 Why modeling? Requirement engineering Elaboration of intended goals Specification of – Restrictions – Priorities – Essential services – Structure Business level and partiality enable – Early structuring before software construction: validation of intentions verification debugging Platform independence enables – Reuse MoDELS-2011October 1110 Unified Modeling Language (UML) Widely accepted as modeling standard – OMG standard: http://uml.org/http://uml.org/ Collection of modeling diagrams – Each/


Software development kit https://store.theartofservice.com/the-software-development-kit-toolkit.html.

The SDK includes Brook+, an AMD hardware optimized version of the BrookGPU|Brook language developed by Stanford University, itself a variant of the ANSI C (C (programming language)|C language), open source|open-sourced and optimized for stream computing https://store.theartofservice.com/the-software-development-kit-toolkit.html AMD Stream Processor - Software Development Kit 1 In August 2011, AMD released version 2.5 of the ATI/


1 California State University, Fullerton Chapter 5 Information System Software.

16 California State University, Fullerton Other System Software (cont’d.) Communications software – used for communications between computers. Database management software – used for managing databases. Software development softwaresoftware used to develop software. 17 California State University, Fullerton What is a Programming Language English is a natural language. It has words, symbols and grammatical rules. A programming language also has words, symbols and rules of grammar. The grammatical rules/


2nd March 2010IFIP WG 2.11 St Andrews1 Costing by construction Greg Michaelson School of Mathematical & Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University.

Computer Sciences Heriot-Watt University 2nd March 2010IFIP WG 2.11 St Andrews2 Overview how can we use cost information (e.g. WCET, space) to guide software/languages analysis tools are whole program –apply after not during initial software construction can we see cost implications at every stage as we construct software/to: –introduce/eliminate boxes/wires –split/join boxes horizontally/vertically NB rules affect coordination and expressions layers 2nd March 2010IFIP WG 2.11 St Andrews15 Box calculus x -> f/


Copyright Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1998 3-1 Telling Computers What to Do Larry Long & Nancy Long 5th. Edition Student Disk CHAPTER3CHAPTER3.

1998 3-27 Programming Languages  Machine Language  Procedure-Oriented Languages  Object-Oriented Languages  The Fourth Generation  Visual Languages  Natural Languages Copyright Prentice-Hall, /NT/CE Macintosh Macintosh Registered trademarks of Intel Corporation and Microsoft Corporation Copyright Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1998 3/UNIX & Windows NT PC Platforms Copyright Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1998 3-36 Computer Operation  Installing Hardware & Software  Power Up/Shut Down  Entering Commands & Data  Input & /


Introduction ELEC 206 Computer Applications for Electrical Engineers Dr. Ron Hayne.

Programs that describe the steps for the computer to perform 206_C19 Computer Hardware Internal Memory External Memory Processor ALU CPU OutputInput 206_C110 Computer Software  Operating System Interface between user and hardware  Application Software Word Processors, Spreadsheets, Databases,... Computer-aided Design (CAD) Mathematical Computation Tools (MATLAB)  Computer Languages Machine Language Assembly Language High-level Languages (C++) 206_C111 Program Execution  Compiler Converts source program/


What is Computer Software?. Hardware vs Software Got to have both to get the job done!

– multi-step process First programmer – Grace Hooper – created FLOW MATIC (later known as – COBOL) Types of Software Applications Software Systems Software Operating systems Utilities Language translators Applications Software Operating Systems Interface between user and the computer Many brands Utility Software Helps perform housekeeping chores Tasks include: Antivirus programs Copy file from hard drive to another location Convert graphics file so it can be used by another program Backup/


CS 1110/1111 The Case for Computer Science CS 1110/1111 – Introduction to Programming.

layers below it to the layer above The lower layers are in hardware and the higher layers in software 14 Get electricity into the computer Provide the required functionality to the user CS 1110/1111 Lets Pause for a Moment What is a programming language? –A language that allows you to express computations performed by a “machine”. –But, a machine has several layers. Each layer has/


1 herbert van de sompel CS 502 Computing Methods for Digital Libraries Cornell University – Computer Science Herbert Van de Sompel

central/decentral storage submission direct by author / via organization quality control terms and conditions (copyright, …) 4 herbert van de sompel Populating DLs The way in/innovations.com/boo/asciiebcdic.htmlhttp://www.natural- innovations.com/boo/asciiebcdic.html language-specific ASCII extensions ASCII/ISO 8859-1 – 8 bit http://www./ PC Images: image created from scratch in Photoshop Audio: computer generated audio files (C-Sound, Max DSP), software synths writing to disk, … Video: Special Effects in/


Embedded Design Lifecycle. 7 Phases 2 Specify Product Partition Hardware/Software Done? Hardware Design Software Design Integrate Test & Release Maintain.

language No VHDL, bit manipulation We use the light sensor, but we don’t focus on how to build one 4 It’s Alive!!…or IS IT? Design Correct Hardware the first time through No dead wires, problems Design perfect, bug-free software the first time Throw it all together, and/Specialized circuits 10 “Sufficient” Performance Difficult to quantify as things get more complex Has less to do with computational power More to do with Hardware architecture vs. the more demanding tasks 11 Suitable RTOS You might prefer one/


What is Computer Software?. Hardware vs Software Got to have both to get the job done!

more productive Assist with personal tasks to make you more productive Variety of uses: Business Graphics and Multimedia Home/Personal/ Educational Communications Systems Software Interface between the user, the application software, and the computer’s hardware Examples: Operating Systems Utilities (diagnostics, servers) Language Translators Operating Systems Helps user communicate with computer Uses a desktop to provide on-screen work area (graphical user interface) Windows Linux Mac-OS/


By Kundang K Juman Hardware & Software. COMP102 Prog. Fundamentals I: Software / Slide 2 l Four components of a computer system: n CPU - central processing.

system n Commands to manipulate the file system n Input and output on a variety of devices n Window management Operating System COMP102 Prog. Fundamentals I: Software / Slide 10 What is a (programming) language? l A program needs to be written in a language l There are many programming languages n Low-level, understandable by a computer n High-level, needs a translator! l C++ is/


Computer Software. Evolution of Programming Languages Machine Languages Assembly Languages High-Level Languages Fourth-Generation Languages Fifth-Generation.

Computer Software Evolution of Programming Languages Machine Languages Assembly Languages High-Level Languages Fourth-Generation Languages Fifth-Generation Languages Machine Languages The native language of the hardware Patterns of binary bits Machine specific, is non-portable –is essentially the microcode of the processor Assembly Languages Replace the pattern of binary bits with –mnemonics for the commands –variable names for memory locations Essentially a one-to-one mapping of the machine language Still /


Chapter 2 The Internet and the World Wide Web. Awad –Electronic Commerce 1/e © 2002 Prentice Hall2 OVERVIEW Introduction Usage of Internet Limitations.

and servers to specify privacy capabilities independently of one another Web Fundamentals Awad –Electronic Commerce 1/e © 2002 Prentice Hall30 Internet Language Provider –An organization providing an entrance ramp to Internet Browser –A software /computer to computer on Internet Universal Resource Locator (URL) –A standard way of giving the address of resources on Internet that are part of WWW Internet Language Awad –Electronic Commerce 1/e © 2002 Prentice Hall32 Internet Language (Contd) Malicious Software/


A LEGO-like Lightweight Component Architecture for Organic Computing Thomas Schöbel-Theuer, Universität Stuttgart

organic properties... Conclusions ● LEGO principle: next step after component software ● Explicit reasoning on system structure => achieve organic properties ● Instance orientation: multiple views in parallel ● Athomux prototype: www.athomux.net – Preprocessor: brick description language, superset of C – Runtime environment for bricks, good performance – Filesystem and rudimentary Posix emulation => Platform for experiments with organic computing Example Brick Code ●brick #selector ●purpose Select a part/


Physics Department Computing Overview 96’ Ching-Wan Yip X.

dept/lab/CBT Academic, AC, Acfiles (acfiles Oct 1) : fake NTserves, Samba Psy, English, Language, MBA, Health1, Financial Aid, BGMS, Physical Facilities : FrontPage, Exchange Mail, ColdFusion, Domino.Broadcast /LaserDisc –Canon FlexCamera/overhead camera –audio, wireless mic, laser pointer –DVD soon Power and Ethernet to each seat (101 soon) BACKUP PLAN –copy to local server, CD,/ students’ TP which are insured monthly with $500/$1000 deductable Computer Lab. - PC software Exceed 5.x.x (6 paid for) Axum 5.0/


Computer hardware components are the physical pieces of the computer.  The major hardware components of a computer are: – The central processing.

and operate the computer at once. Application software refers to programs that make the computer useful to the user. Application software provides a more specialized type of environment for the user to work in. Common application software: – Spreadsheets – Word processors – Accounting software – Tax software – Games A program is a set of instructions a computer follows in order to perform a task. A programming language is a special language used to write computer/


Software - How to make a computer useful. SWC1 What is software really? Software is the ”magic wand”, which transforms the computer from dead metal to.

Micro code 0AB1234188 6C1292CB9A 882E1107AE …or just 0010010101001001010 0101001101111011010 1001001010101111110 SWC1 0’s and 1’s The CPU can process micro code instructions quite effectively This is the realm of the transistors! In terms of language, we have traveled a very long road, involving humans, other software, and the computer itself Still quite hard to produce software, but (fortunately) much easier than at the dawn of/


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