Ppt on computer languages popularity

The word computer comes from “compute” which means to calculate. Hence people usually consider a computer to be a calculating device. Computer is a processing.

enjoyed many years as a popular and ubiquitous form of data storage/language computer languages are broadly classified into two: 1. Low Level Languages 2. High Level Languages Sheetal Chhabra Low Level Languages Machine Lang Assembly Lang. High Level Language Procedural Oriented Lang. Problem Oriented Lang. Natural Language Sheetal Chhabra Low Level Languages: Each & Every statement is directly translated into a single machine code in a language is called low level language. a) Machine Language: A language/


High Performance Computing – CISC 811 Dr Rob Thacker Dept of Physics (308A)

around 10µs Popular because of hardware economics Popular because of hardware economics/computation is the task Explicit message passing Explicit message passing Message sizes are only limited by available memory Message sizes are only limited by available memory Network and multiprocessor support Network and multiprocessor support Messages and tasks are interoperable between the two Messages and tasks are interoperable between the two Multiple language support (Java added recently) Multiple language/


Basics of IT.

is in directly usable form, that is, in printing or plotted form. Following hard copy devices are very popular: 1.Printers, 2.Plotters, 3. Photographic output Soft copy devices - Soft copy is in magnetic/audible form/. Basics of IT Generation of Languages:- Machine Language Low Level Language High Level Language Fourth Generation Language Basics of IT Machine Language:- Machine code or machine language is a system of impartibly instructions executed directly by  computers central processing unit (CPU). Each /


The University of Akron Summit College

language for the project The Oak language translated programs into byte code for different processors Oak (renamed Java) was later used to develop a Web browser named HotJava – which was able to download and run small Java programs known as applets HotJava was demonstrated in 1995 which made Java popular Netscape later incorporated Java into its Navigator browser Introduction to Computers & Java Introduction to Computers/


BRIEF HISTORY OF COMPUTERS & PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

, 2013 Even OOPLs are Relatively Old 1967: Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard at Norwegian Computing Centre develop Simula SIMUlation Language first OO programming language 1972: Alan Kay et al. at Xerox PARC develop Smalltalk and the Windows metaphor/GUI 1983: Bjarne Stroustrup develops C++ OO extensions to popular C language named C++ as a play on the ++ operator ANSI/ISO C++ Standard 1995: James/


Computers: A short history. In the beginning…. The best place to begin is in the beginning… The best place to begin is in the beginning… Man has been.

Developed at M.I.T. Developed at M.I.T. First computer to use transistors First computer to use transistors Didn’t become very popular Didn’t become very popular A student that worked on the TX-0 founded DEC A student /a single chip.” IBM 360 series 360 series was the first “family” of computers 360 series was the first “family” of computers Shared arcitechture and language Shared arcitechture and language Provided scalability and a common interface for companies Provided scalability and a common interface /


Computers, SDM, Algorithms, Malik Ch 1, Farrell Ch 1, Liang Ch 1

assembly code like this: ADDF3 R1, R2, R3 Programming Languages Machine Language Assembly Language High-Level Language The high-level languages are English-like and easy to learn and program. For example, the following is a high-level language statement that computes the area of a circle with radius 5: area = 5 * 5 * 3.1415; Popular High-Level Languages Interpreting/Compiling Source Code A program written in a high/


Chapter 12 Computer Programming.

program displays a message that indicates which pizza is the best deal. Figure 12-41 Chapter 12: Computer Programming Object-Oriented Languages and Applications SIMULA was believed to be the first object-oriented computer language The Dynabook project was the second major development in object-oriented languages Popular object-oriented languages today are Ada95, C++, Visual Basic, and C# Facets of the object-oriented paradigm can also/


Chapter 1: Introduction to the Microprocessor and Computer

about a year later COBOL usage diminished in recent years. First successful, widespread programming language for business applications was COBOL (COmputer Business Oriented Language). COBOL usage diminished in recent years. still a player in some large business and government systems Another once-popular business language is RPG (Report Program Generator). allows programming by specifying form of the input, output, and calculations Since early days of/


Grid Computing Overview and Research Issues Peter Kelly Adelaide University, Australia Supervisors:Paul Coddington Andrew Wendelborn.

by clients – Or used as part of even higher-level service compositions Most popular language at present is BPEL (Business Process Execution Language) SOA programming vs. remote execution Web services allow you to invoke programs already / permits the possibility of parallel execution by allowing multiple parts of the graph to be reduced in parallel Each processor in a parallel computer or cluster can manipulate a separate portion of the graph Parallel graph reduction + (nprime 2000) (nprime 2001) @ @ +@ /


Evolution of PLs We can extend this timeline as follows:

program sizes due to the unreliable nature of early computers! this would lead to the development of longer programs and library routines FORTRAN IV released 1962 One of the most popular programming languages up until FORTRAN 77 Explicit and implicit type declarations /pass by reference parameter passing method and easier to use pointers C++ continues to be the most used programming language in spite of increasing popularity of Java, Ruby, Python, VB and C# C++ has: Both pre-defined and user-defined classes /


 2001 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 1 - Introduction to Computers and the Internet Outline 1.1 Introduction 1.2 What Is a Computer?

community thrives on improvements of Hardware Software Communications –Cost of products and services Consistently dropping over the decades –Computer capacity and speed Doubles every two years (on average) –Microprocessor chip Laid groundwork in late 1970s and 1980s/ Wide Web How to Program (II) Internet and World Wide Web How to Program includes treatments of 6 other popular programming languages –Microsoft Active Server Pages (ASP) –Perl and Common Gateway Interface (CGI) –Python and PHP –Java Servlets /


ISBN 0-321-49362-1 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Major Programming Languages.

: –Easy to learn and use for non-science students –Must be “pleasant and friendly” –Fast turnaround for homework –Free and private access –User time is more important than computer time Current popular dialect: Visual BASIC First widely used language with time sharing Copyright © 2007 Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.1-39 2.8 Everything for Everybody: PL/I Designed by IBM and SHARE/


History of Computing Leen-Kiat Soh CSCE 155

and History 1994 AD Object-oriented authoring systems such as HyperCard, Hyperstudio, and Authorware grow in popularity 1994 AD Netscape 1.0 is written as an alternate browser to the National Center for Supercomputing /Programming Languages 1940s, 1950s ca. 1946: Konrad Zuse develops Plankalkul. He applies the language to, among other things, chess. 1949: Short Code , the first computer language actually used on an electronic computing device, appears. It is, however, a "hand-compiled" language. 1951/


 2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 1 - Introduction to Computers and the Internet Outline 1.1 Introduction 1.2 What Is a Computer?

capabilities –Information easily shared over networks Networks controlled by servers –Common programs and data used by client computersPopular operating systems UNIX, Mac OS X, Windows, Windows NT, Linux  2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All /e-commerce) –Reconstruction of modern business Internet and World Wide Web How to Program –Teaches programming languages, programming language principles and Internet and Web-based application technologies –Intended audiences Introductory courses in C++, Java and Visual/


Computers in a Changing Society By John Preston, Robert Ferrett, and Sally Preston © 2005 Prentice-Hall, Inc.1.

Server Software—Provides services to multiple computers Client Software—Resides on user’s PC or workstation Many combinations of OS and server software Web Servers Provide Web pages Variety of software available Apache—Popular low-cost Web server software /by applets within Web page © 2005 Prentice-Hall, Inc.29 Computers in a Changing Society Chapter 4 VI.Languages and Applications for the Internet Web Server Languages Script Authoring Languages PERL—Used on Web servers running UNIX or Linux OS ECMAScript /


Intro CS, Computers, Programming Introduction to Computer Science, Computers, and Programming Barbara Ericson Georgia Tech Aug 2009.

by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s Originally a systems programming language –Closer to machine language than other high- level languages –Used to develop the UNIX operating system Popular in business and science in the 80s Used on personal computers because took less memory than other computer languages Intro CS, Computers, Programming C++ Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in 1986 Added object-oriented/


ISBN 0-321-49362-1 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Major Programming Languages Major Programming Languages.

learn and use for non-science students –Must be “pleasant and friendly” –Fast turnaround for homework –Free and private access –User time is more important than computer time Current popular dialect: Visual BASIC First widely used language with time sharing Copyright © 2007 Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved Modified by BBOwens.1-41 The Beginning of Timesharing: BASICBASIC Copyright © 2007 Addison-Wesley. All rights/


CSE 3302 Programming Languages Chengkai Li Spring 2008 History of Programming Languages Lecture 2 - History, Spring 20081 CSE3302 Programming Languages,

All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code 1964 John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz (Dartmouth) Goal: – Simple language for non-experts to use Popular for schools and homes – Altair BASIC for personal computers, by Bill Gates, Paul Allen, and Monte Davidoff. (1975) Dialect: Visual Basic Lecture 2 - History, Spring 2008 CSE3302 Programming Languages, UT-Arlington ©Chengkai Li, 2008 34 The 1970s: Simplicity, Abstraction, Study Tremendous success – few/


信息处理技术. Chapter 11: Computer Programming2 111Chapter 4: File Management, Virus Protection, and Backup 1Chapter 1: Computer, Internet, Web, and E-Mail.

1962, was the first computer language to work with objects, classes, inheritance, and methods The second major development in object- oriented languages came in 1972 when Alan Kaye began work on the Dynabook project How did object-oriented languages originate? Page 606 Chapter 11: Computer Programming60 Ada95 C++ Visual Basic C# Java Which object-oriented languages are popular today? Page 606 Chapter 11: Computer Programming61 Programmers may be/


ISBN 0-321-49362-1 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Major Programming Languages.

: –Easy to learn and use for non-science students –Must be “pleasant and friendly” –Fast turnaround for homework –Free and private access –User time is more important than computer time Current popular dialect: Visual BASIC First widely used language with time sharing Copyright © 2009 Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.1-40 2.8 Everything for Everybody: PL/I Designed by IBM and SHARE/


ISBN 0-321-49362-1 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Major Programming Languages.

: –Easy to learn and use for non-science students –Must be “pleasant and friendly” –Fast turnaround for homework –Free and private access –User time is more important than computer time Current popular dialect: Visual BASIC First widely used language with time sharing Copyright © 2007 Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.1-40 2.8 Everything for Everybody: PL/I Designed by IBM and SHARE/


1 What is a Network? Computer LAN LocalArea Network LAN LocalArea Network MAN Metropolitan MAN MetropolitanArea Network WAN Wide WAN WideArea Network.

popularity: –News –Travel –Weather –Music –Technology 34 Other Web technologies Frames - multiple, visible, connected pagesFrames - multiple, visible, connected pages Forms - HTML data entry mechanismForms - HTML data entry mechanism CGI - Common Gateway Interface - allows the processing of information from HTML formsCGI - Common Gateway Interface - allows the processing of information from HTML forms Java - a platform independent programming language/filled and shipped by the computer Eg, house plans, image/


Introduction to Computers and the Internet Lecture 2.

at Dartmouth College – Primary purpose was to familiarize novices with programming techniques  Microsoft’s Visual Basic language – Based on Basic – Has become one of the most popular programming languages in the world  Microsoft’s.NET platform – Provides the capabilities developers need to create computer applications that can execute on computers distributed across the Internet - Visual Basic (based on the original BASIC) - Visual C++ (based on/


ISBN 0-321-49362-1 Chapter 2 Evolution of the Major Programming Languages.

learn and use for non-science students –Must be “pleasant and friendly” –Fast turnaround for homework –Free and private access –User time is more important than computer time Current popular dialect: Visual BASIC First widely used language with time sharing Time sharing: use of terminals as access methods Copyright © 2009 Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.1-29 2.8 Everything for Everybody: PL/


1 CSC 101 Introduction to Computing Lecture 28 Dr. Iftikhar Azim Niaz 1.

of C and COBOL Identify and discuss the characteristics of these object-oriented programming languages and program development tools Identify the uses of other programming languages and program development tools Describe various ways to develop Web pages Identify the uses of popular multimedia authoring programs 5 What Is a Computer Program? Computer programs  Also called software  Are a list of instructions  Instructions are called code/


Computer Concepts 2014 Chapter 12 Computer Programming.

Programming34 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming35 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming36 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming37 12 Object-Oriented Languages and Applications  SIMULA was believed to be the first object-oriented computer language  The Dynabook project was the second major development in object-oriented languagesPopular hybrid languages today are Ada 2005, C++, Visual Basic, Objective/


INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING CHAPTER NO. 04. Programming Languages Program Algorithms and Pseudo Code Properties and Advantages of Algorithms Flowchart (Symbols.

required to write programs. Programs are easier to understand and modify. Some disadvantages of Procedural languages over machine and assembly languages are: Program execute more slowly. Language use computer resources less efficiently. Most popular Procedural languages FORTRAN – stands for FORmula TRANslation, mainly used for engineering applications and scientific use. High - Level Languages BASIC – stands for Beginners All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, it was created in the late/


Java is the world’s most widely used computer programming language. You’ll learn to write instructions commanding computers to perform tasks. Software.

, and possibly specific documents Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Outline Computer Processing Hardware Components Networks The Java Programming Language Program Development Object-Oriented Programming Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Java The Java programming language was created by Sun Microsystems, Inc. It was introduced in 1995 and its popularity has grown quickly since A programming language specifies the words and symbols that we can use to/


Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Eighth Edition, (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0132130807 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers,

learn and program. For example, the following is a high-level language statement that computes the area of a circle with radius 5: area = 5 * 5 * 3.1415; Liang, Introduction to Java Programming, Eighth Edition, (c) 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0132130807 18 Popular High-Level Languages  COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language)  FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation)  BASIC (Beginner All-purpose Symbolic Instructional Code)  Pascal/


Module A - Introduction1/42 Module-A-Introduction Programming Computers Information Languages and C Compilers.

computer. 1972 Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson developed C language from B language. At the same time, Unix operating system was designed at Bell Lab and C was quickly used to re-write Unix (originally written in Assembly). “The C Programming Language” was first published in 1978 Unix and C has become so popular/preserving legacy C syntax) but now becomes a quite different programming language. C++ becomes one of the most popular programming language today. Module A - Introduction39/42 39 C versus JAVA CJAVA/


Georgia Institute of Technology Workshop for Programming And Systems Management Teachers Chapter 1 Introduction to Computers and Programming.

Developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in the mid 1970s Originally a systems programming language –Closer to machine language than other high- level languages –Used to develop the UNIX operating system Popular in business and science in the 80s Used on personal computers because took less memory than other computer languages Georgia Institute of Technology C++ Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs in 1986 Added/


OVERVIEW Today’s world is an information-rich world and it has become a necessity for everyone to know about computers. Purpose of this tutorial is to.

two generations Smaller size Generated less heat Faster Lesser maintenance Still costly A.C needed Consumed lesser electricity Supported high-level language Some computers of this generation were: IBM-360 series Honeywell-6000 series PDP(Personal Data Processor) IBM-370/168 TDC-316 Fourth/used for reading a CD. The CD writer drive can read and write a CD. CD writers are much more popular modern computers than a CD-ROM drive. Both kinds of CD drives are called optical disc drives because they use a laser /


 2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Chapter 1 - Introduction to Computers and the Internet Outline 1.1 Introduction 1.2 What Is a Computer?

capabilities –Information easily shared over networks Networks controlled by servers –Common programs and data used by client computersPopular operating systems UNIX, Mac OS X, Windows, Windows NT, Linux  2003 Prentice Hall, Inc. All /e-commerce) –Reconstruction of modern business Internet and World Wide Web How to Program –Teaches programming languages, programming language principles and Internet and Web-based application technologies –Intended audiences Introductory courses in C++, Java and Visual/


Web Designs & Languages. The World Wide Web Affectionately called “ The Web ” It is a collection of information stored on the networked computers over.

– The latest version is PHP 4. – Have to learn an entirely new language. – Reference: http://www.php.net/http://www.php.net/ 46 PHP Popularity http://php.weblogs.com/popularity 47 ColdFusion It is a Web application development environment produced by the Macromedia Corporation. /The time now is Tue Nov 5 16:15:11 PST 2002 translation What you need to get started? A Personal Computer with an Internet connection, that allows you to download the software you need. A Java 2-compatible Java Software Development /


Computer Concepts 2013 Chapter 12 Computer Programming.

Programming36 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming37 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming38 12 Object-Oriented Program Structure Chapter 12: Computer Programming39 12 Object-Oriented Languages and Applications  SIMULA was believed to be the first object-oriented computer language  The Dynabook project was the second major development in object-oriented languagesPopular hybrid languages today are Ada 2005, C++, Visual Basic, Objective/


First appeared Features Popular uses Assembly 1949 For code that must directly interact with the hardware (drivers), embedded processors, processor specific.

popular choice. 1964 10 PRINT "Hello World!" 20 GOTO 10 First appeared Features Popular uses ALGOL 68 1968 Mostly used for research computer scientists, publication of algorithms, led to future language development and it was the first second generation programming language/perl use v5.10.0; use warnings; use strict; say "Hello World!" First appeared Features Popular uses COBOL 1989 First programming language to be used by the Department of Defence, designed to solve business problems. File handling and /


Chapter 1 Introduction. 2 Chapter 1 Objectives Know the difference between computer organization and computer architecture. Understand units of measure.

instructions that are particular to the architecture of the machine. –Programs written in machine language need no compilers, interpreters, or assemblers. 1.6 The Computer Level Hierarchy 43 Level 1: Control Level –A control unit decodes and executes instructions / network installations today. It comes in two varieties: shielded and unshielded. Unshielded twisted pair is the most popular. 11.6 Network Organization The twists in the cable reduce inductance while the shielding protects the cable from outside/


The electronic instructions that govern a computer’s actions to provide a computing service. Software In this section: Software Development, System Software,

in Xcode 4.5 In this section: Computer Programming, Programming Languages and Application Programming Interface (API) Computer Programming or Coding The process of creating software through the use of logic, algorithms, and programming languages. Computer programming, has become a valuable skill in / systems for Apple PCs and mobile devices, respectively. Apple Mac OS and IOS The Mac OS has gained popularity as Mac computers have grown in market share. The most recent version of the Mac OS is called OS X (10/


Chapter 1: Introduction to the Microprocessor and Computer.

with 64-bit Extensions Architecture, Programming, and Interfacing, Eighth Edition Barry B. Brey First successful, widespread programming language for business applications was COBOL (COmputer Business Oriented Language). COBOL usage diminished in recent years. –still a player in some large business and government systems Another once-popular business language is RPG (Report Program Generator). –allows programming by specifying form of the input, output, and calculations Copyright/


Introduction to Computer Science Basic Elements of Java A Look at Hardware and Software Unit 5.

Computer Science.” - An Introduction to Computer Science with Java Kamin, Mickunas, and Reingold 5- 4 Why We Like Java Java is Object Oriented to the core Java is, in certain key ways, simpler than other Object Oriented languages (like C++) Java is well-suited to the Internet Java is cross-platform Java’s popularity/” Anything you can do with a minimally capable computer language, you can theoretically do with any other minimally capable computer language But that is like saying a shovel is theoretically/


Introduction to Computer Science Basic Elements of Java A Look at Hardware and Software Unit 5.

Computer Science.” - An Introduction to Computer Science with Java Kamin, Mickunas, and Reingold 5- 4 Why We Like Java Java is Object Oriented to the core Java is, in certain key ways, simpler than other Object Oriented languages (like C++) Java is well-suited to the Internet Java is cross-platform Java’s popularity/” Anything you can do with a minimally capable computer language, you can theoretically do with any other minimally capable computer language But that is like saying a shovel is theoretically/


1 Course Medical Statistics with Informatics Internet and computer networks.

elaboration … organizing content: labeling, arranging –indexing for searching – automatic keywords and other fields arranging by URL popularity - PageRank as Google –classifying as directory mostly human handpicked & classified as a result of different organization we/ is grouping of protocols and software that resides on Internet Web uses special languages and protocols to facilitate communication between computers Web Browser Security Protocols HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) –For transfer of hypertext/


Joey Paquet, 2010-2013 1 Comparative Study of Programming Languages COMP6411 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES Part 2: Programming Paradigms.

data structure. Joey Paquet, 2010-2013 19 Comparative Study of Programming Languages Procedural programming The earliest imperative languages were the machine languages of the original computers. In these languages, instructions were very simple, which made hardware implementation easier, but/ the scripting language in which they are written. It is therefore impractical for an author to write scripts in a language that is not supported by popular web browsers. Unfortunately, even languages that are /


Computer Basics What do you mean by Computer …? It is an electronic device that is able to take raw input or “data” from a user, store it, process it and.

Open Source Software..? It is computer software that is available in the source code form. It can evolve through the community co-operation. The community is an individual or well large company. Few are popular example of open source software:  Eclipse - Development environment comprising an IDE  Mozilla Firefox- Web Browser  Perl- A general purpose programming language  PHP-A scripting language suited for web  Ruby/


1 New Terms New Term: Protocol: A protocol is nothing more than a set of rules. On the Internet, it is a set of rules computers use to communicate across.

lets talk"-type communication. It is almost fitting that one of the original uses of the Internet would still be the most popular. You can, of course, communicate in other ways on the Net. In the following sections, you look at a few/of the web devised standards of communication upon which the web is built. These standards sit at a layer above operating systems, computer languages, or Internet transmission protocols and provide a basic medium for communication. Dr. Loai Bani Melhim 35 What exactly is the web/


ICT/DM CURRICULUM ALIGNMENT FINDING A COMMON LANGUAGE, AND BUILDING CLEAR PATHWAYS TO CAREERS.

create interactive learning and teaching materials without having to have a detailed knowledge of a computer Programming Language.Programming Language GLOSSARY OF ICT TERMINOLOGY Authorship Analysis Software: Authorship Analysis Software can help to identify authorship of texts. Automatic / Wide Web.InternetWorld Wide Web Cybersquatter: A term normally used to describe someone who registers the name of a popular Web address - usually a company name - with the intent of selling it to its rightful owner at a/


Brazos Valley District Merit Badge College

written in C for one type of ___________ can easily be converted to work on a different ______ and ______ of computer. Computers Computer Size Type Recently, _____________ languages such as ______ have become popular. Object-oriented Recently, _____________ languages such as ______ have become popular. _________ programming is done by putting together _______, or ________, of commonly used commands such as instructions on how to _______/


Basic definitions and history of the Computer Systems

integrated circuits, low level of integration (IBM 360 – late 1960-ties). Multitasking operating systems. Modern programming languages. Many scientific and business applications. Generation 4 computers (1) Minicomputers of the 1970-ties and early 1980-ties (PDP-8, PDP-11, VAX-11) / Motorola 68000 or newer (Apple Macintosh). In early IBM PC’s (up to half of 1990-ties) very popular but not multitasking Disk Operating System (MS-DOS). Multitasking, virtual memory and GUI implemented initially as an extension (/


Evolution of computers and Computers Today

for internal operations. Second Generation (1958-1964) Used transistors for internal operations. Increased use of high level languages. Used magnetic cores for primary memory. Increased memory capacity. Binary coded data were used. Increasing processing speed./e. as the database server) Personal computers and Microcomputers Computers which are designed to be used by a single person are known as Personal Computers (PCs). Personal computers have been very popular due its smaller size and its ability /


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