Ppt on colonialism and tribal societies

The Postmodern and the Postindian: The Poetics and the Politics of The Tricksters of Liberty Iping Liang National Taiwan Normal University March 27, 2009.

colonial inventions of the tribes in literature: the warriors, then and now, observe postmodern situations, theories of simulation, deconstruction, postindian encounters, silence, remembrance, and other themes of survivance that would trace the inventions of tribal cultures by missionaries and ethnologists to the cruelties of a melancholy civilization. (12-13) trickster hermeneutics The source of natural reason and tribal consciousness are doubt and/cross cultural translation, and the “risk society” of PRC /


The Atlantic Slave Trade European World. Origins of the Slave Trade / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies.

colonies / 1500s / Africans were enslaved to fill the need for labor in Spain’s American colonies Causes / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas Causes / discovery of the "New World" and the development of plantation economies in the Americas / tribal/their actions / they portrayed Africans as "uncivilized” / undermined traditional African society / led to warfare and social decline / racism / slave traders justified the slave trade by using racist /


UNIT ONE: THE COLONIZATION OF AMERICA

the “discovery of America” had produced both great “benefits” and great “misfortunes.” To nations of Western Europe, the development of American colonies brought an era of “splendor and glory.” A: THE EXPANSION OF EUROPE It is fitting that /SOCIETIES: GENDER ROLES Tribal leaders were almost always men, but female elders often helped to select village leaders and took part in tribal meetings. Indian women owed dwellings and tools, and a husband generally moved to live with the family of his wife. ENGLAND AND/


5 Steps to a 5 A second practice test.

Renaissance (A). Hinduism retained its traditional patriarchal society in India (C). African women continued to have a voice in village and tribal decisions (D), and Latin American women were expected to carry out traditional homemaking and childcare roles (E). 11. Buddhism spread from/based on steel. (B) After the 1850s, industrial machines were often run by electricity. (C) American colonies failed to provide markets for European goods. (D) Railroads were a key element of industrialization. (E) Belgium /


THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT Florida Practice and Policy with with Guidelines for Best Practice Department of Children and Families Office of Child Welfare.

state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign dictation; also a political society, or state, which is sovereign and independent.. -Black’s Law Dictionary 10 Defining American Indian Tribal Sovereignty and Congressional Jurisdiction over Indian Nations/ Gloria York, MSW.Our current BIA liaison is Gloria York, MSW. 16 AMERICAN INDIAN POLICY AND ICWA 17 THE COLONIAL PERIOD 1492 - 1776 “Discovery of the New World”“Discovery of the New World” –Conquest of the /


Chapter 30 Challenges of Nation Building in Africa and the Middle East.

FCapitalism FMarxism-Leninism äUndermining community FBorder disputes FRegionalism and tribalism FPan-Islamism FForeign intervention FSouth Africa l Nelson Mandela (b. 1918) äRwanda and Burundi XContinuity and Change in Modern Society äEducation äChristianity äTension between the rural and urban äChange in relationship between men and women äStatus of women in urban and rural areas äTension between tradition and modern African art and music äModern African literature FEmbrace negritude FGlorifies aspects/


Colonial America European Settlement Pre-Historic Settlement First inhabitants of North America migrated from Asia, probably across a land bridge between.

accepted class distinctions. Wealthy landowners exercised most of the power in each colony. Wealthy landowners exercised most of the power in each colony. In Virginia, society eventually became divided between large landowners, poor farmers, indentured servants and slaves. In Virginia, society eventually became divided between large landowners, poor farmers, indentured servants and slaves. Indentured Servants People who could not afford to come to North America on/


Period 3: 1754 - 1800 In A Nutshell British imperial attempts to reassert control over its colonies and the colonial reaction to these attempts produced.

society and — aided by favorable environmental conditions — a thriving mixed economy of agriculture and commerce.! ! a.Great Migration to Massachusetts, 1630-1640! !!!! b.Puritans! !!!! c.Providence, Rhode Island, 1636! ! !!! 1.Middle Colonies! The demographically, religiously, and ethnically diverse middle colonies supported a flourishing export economy based on cereal crops, while the Chesapeake colonies and/ on traditional tribal lands. The French withdrawal from North America and the subsequent attempt/


COLONIAL LEGACY IN AFRICA. What does “heritage” mean?

their rule – fierce competition for “control of the gate” Result: political instability and personal power politics Ethnicity and Social Pluralism What is “tribalism”? What is a “tribe”? Tribalism Europeans considered “tribes” as less modern than European social and political organization Belief that societies were “tribal” led colonizers to create ethnic social organizations to help navigate colonial politics Colonial administrators relied on “traditional leaders” to help them govern internally – often/


The Age of Imperialism 1850 - 1914. Imperialism What: the domination of one nation by another politically, socially, economically and culturally Who:

How: advanced European technology like the Maxim gun, the telegraph, the railroad, the steamship, medicines like quinine, African tribalism and a lack of African unity Imperialism When: 1850 until 1914 Why Did They Do It? Resources Britain is an island / is applied to society as a justification of imperialism. Military Need for naval bases and places to refuel merchant ships. More colonies = More power and security More bases allow nations to use force in more different places and protect merchant ships./


Ethnic Conflict and Political Instability in Sub-Saharan Africa MAIN IDEA: Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa are constantly plagued by ethnic conflict.

(all men) would create informal laws and make decisions that affected only that village. CHARACTERISITICS OF THE STATELESS-SOCIETY There was no central government that politically ruled over the various villages within the lands of particular tribe (ethnic group). Each village had its own “tribal government”. However, this political structure ended with the arrival of European imperialism/ colonialism in the late 19 th century/


The Carolina Colony. NC Native American Life at the Time of Contact with Europeans There were over 30 different tribes in North Carolina at the time Europeans.

, land was to be had. For natives, community often came before individual (a kind of tribal-socialist society) Individualism was being promoted by the new protestants coming to North America Natives believed that nature was sacred and good Colonials were taught that man had “dominion” over the earth and that wicked acts were committed in the “wilderness.” #Jesus- 40days40nights Settling NC How might settlers come/


Standards 1-3. Colonial America European Settlement SSUSH 1.

accepted class distinctions. Wealthy landowners exercised most of the power in each colony. Wealthy landowners exercised most of the power in each colony. In Virginia, society eventually became divided between large landowners, poor farmers, indentured servants and slaves. In Virginia, society eventually became divided between large landowners, poor farmers, indentured servants and slaves. SSUSH 1a Indentured Servants People who could not afford to come to North/


Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources Second Edition Chapter 18 Colonial Encounters in Asia and Africa, 1750–1950 Copyright © 2013 by.

tribes. While often a European creation, many African communities adopted the tribal identity as their own and used it as a communal identity. V. Reflections: Who Makes History? A. Colonizers’ efforts to shape the colony: Those who argue that the winners make history might point to the colonizers who conquered and tried to rebuild colonial societies according to their vision. B. Colonized people’s agency: Yet/


Pre-history Indian Civilization Archeological evidence suggests that about 10,000 years ago small bands of ancient tribal hunters followed herds of game.

ancient tribal hunters followed herds of game across the Bering Strait that connected Siberia and Alaska during the Ice Age. The tribal groups settled on the North and South /colonies and enforcement of its trade laws so long as the colonies continued to provide England with sufficient cash and natural resources. England becomes the most powerful nation in Europe at this time. Origins of American Independence King George III: 1760-1820 Expansion and Control in the Colonies 1700-1763 As the colonial society/


ENHANCING PROPERTY RIGHTS THROUGH LAND TENURE REGULARISATION IN BOTSWANA PATRICK MALOPE, AND MOLEFE PHIRINYANE Botswana Institute for Development Policy.

guidelines of how to undertake a successful land tenure regularisation process in Africa Land governance and administration Pre- Colonial Period (Before 1895) Customary/Tribal land Colonial Period (1895 -1966) Native Reserves Crown Lands Freehold Land Post Independence Period (1966 – present) Tribal Land (71%) State Land (26%) Freehold Land (3%) Land governance and administration Land governance is guided by a comprehensive set of laws – 17 Acts A/


W3 WHG Era 3 – Classical Traditions, World Religions, and Major Empires, 1000 B.C.E./B.C. to 300 C.E./A.D. Part Five: ROMAN CIVILIZATION WHGCEs Middle.

less advance Italians into a loose confederation of city-states After 750 Greek colonists settled in southern Italy and Sicily; Phoenician colony of Carthage also dominant But destiny of Rome was not to belong to any of these invaders! Pictures/assembly (now called the Tribal Assembly) became binding on all citizens Patricians guarded their privileges even more fiercely after this, culminating in a renewed class struggle in 133 BCE Republican Society and Religion Basic unit of society the family – the/


Tribal Relations with the United States: History and Overview.

Making (1532-1871) Spain was the first European nation to define the legal relationship between the new colonies and the Indian tribes that they encountered in what is now the South-Eastern part of the United /tribal land was held communally and many Indian tribes did not value individual land ownership Allotment and Assimilation (1887-1934) General Allotment Act INTENT: Facilitated Assimilation policy by promoting individual ownership and an agricultural lifestyle, values held by mainstream society and/


The Age of Exploration The Creation of the Atlantic System and the Eurocentric World 1433-1650.

The Atlantic System Then the British, French, and Dutch turned their Caribbean colonies to sugar production, trying to break the Portuguese/Brazilian monopoly. Then the British, French, and Dutch turned their Caribbean colonies to sugar production, trying to break the/ did sell enemies, least desirables of society. 1. most common were prisoners of tribal war (also seen in India, China). Dealers did not sell friends or family but did sell enemies, least desirables of society. 2. sold condemned criminals (no /


THE AMERICAN PEOPLE CREATING A NATION AND A SOCIETY NASH  JEFFREY HOWE  FREDERICK  DAVIS  WINKLER  MIRES  PESTANA Chapter 5: The Strains of Empire.

in England Saw actions in colonies as an extension of this attempt to extinguish liberty Among many Americans, especially merchants, attacks on their constitutional rights blended with threats to their economic interests REVITALIZING AMERICAN SOCIETY For some, revolutionary mentality was fed by a belief that there was an opportunity to revitalize American society – Thought growing commercial connections with decadent and corrupt England had poisoned/


CHAPTER 1 SECTIONS 1-3 NOTES THE COLONIES TAKE SHAPE Lets learn about the colonies…baby!

natives out of areas in order to use land. B.MASSACHUSETTS COLONIES--1630  Plymouth-1620, Massachusetts Bay-1630  Settlers: Puritans from England  Leader(s): John Winthrop, William Bradford  Motives: To escape religious persecution and establish their own religious and “pure” society. Religion incorporated into ALL aspects of society. People who disagree are expelled from society.  Relationship with Native Americans: Initially peaceful (natives help with agriculture) but/


The American Colonies Emerge Chapter 2. Virginia With the support of strong monarchs and capital from investment companies, England began to plant settlements.

“reorganizing” English authority. Virginia was reorganized into a royal colony in 1624. Virginia was reorganized into a royal colony in 1624. Virginia Virginia Society and Government Virginia Society and Government Over 60% of the settlers arrived as indentured servants./1676) Indian attacks on Puritan towns, inflicted heavy casualties. Failure to form tribal alliances crippled the Native American resistance in New England. Colonial Turmoil Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 A major popular /


Bellringer: Map. To increase a nation’s supply of gold and silver. A person who agreed to work for 7 years in America in exchange for a ticket across.

American values Native Americans developed traditional tribal living groups. These tribal groups used barter systems to exchange goods and services. Native American groups did not/and able to work Massachusetts Nearly 20,000 settlers followed the pilgrims example, and settled into the surrounding area. This became the Massachusetts Bay colony. The New Colonists did not believe in religious tolerance and established a strictly Puritan society. Puritan societies are very “pure” and outlaw drugs, alcohol, and/


Africa Since the End of Colonialism. Artificial Boundaries  1884-1885 the ___________ Conference set rules for how Europe would divide Africa. This event.

thing for Rwanda would be to eliminate all Tutsis. TribalismColonial Administration often made up stories of legacies and traditions to justify their rule.  Pushed the concept of “tribalism”  Soli “tribe” and Zulu “tribe” did not exist as distinctly seperate peoples/ a society going further into poverty. Proxy Wars  Proxy War – Wars fought by using two other countries to do the fighting.  The Capitalist West and Communist Block funded many wars from the 1940s-1980s to spread influence and avoid /


+ ROME World History, Era 3. + THE ROMAN CIVILIZATION The Beginning A.Geographic Features of Rome 1.Centrally located between Greece and Spain, extending.

from the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle East and settled colonies on Sicily and the coast of Africa (Carthage) 3.The Greeks also established colonies on Sicily and the southern coast of Italy. 4.The Etruscans came somewhere from Asia/the foundation for Roman law 4.As time passed and society changed, the struggle for power became a struggle between the wealthy and the poor, not between the patricians and the plebeians. By 287 BC the Tribal Assembly had the power to pass laws binding /


Early American History and Literature 1.Where do we begin? *When does American Literature and History Begin? 2. Key Events 3.Native American Tales *Creation.

society was an Iroquois healing group which utilized grotesque wooden masks to frighten the evil spirts believed to cause illness. It was the Iroquois political system, however, that made them unique, and because of it, they dominated the first 200-years of colonial history in both Canada and/Each tribes representation was set: Onondaga 14; Cayuga 10; Oneida 9; Mohawk 9; and Seneca 8. Nominated by the tribal clan mothers (who had almost complete power in their selection), Iroquois sachemships were usually /


The Intersection of Racism, Heterosexism, and Transphobia: School Leadership Opportunities Jim Hanson, M.Ed. Jeffrey Poirier, Ph.D. Candidate, M.A. Miriam.

When the colonists arrived on Turtle Island and began killing Native Americans, many missionaries and colonists targeted two-spirit individuals in tribal communities for death since they were considered /and Christian norms around gender and sexual identity were enforced in reservations and boarding schools. Historical Trauma and Healing Many communities now are not aware of their own two-spirit people and traditions, or have adopted a colonial or missionary perspective shared by the dominant society/


Afghanistan Adnan Naseemullah. The Issues The nature of state-building in a fragmented society; the formation of national identity Modernization and its.

in Afghanistan? National non-integration; using the power of the state to change society. Success of Abdur Rahman, failure of Amanullah ‘Westernizing reforms’ = tribal revolt What’s different in Afghanistan? PNPA and Afghan intervention Both Islamists and Communists in and around Kabul University. PDPA: formed in 1965, split into Khalq (Ghilzai Pashtun) and Parcham factions. Daud: alliance with leftist, educated urbanites: Parcham supported 1973 coup. Start/


Chapter Ninth Edition America: Past and Present America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine Breen Frederickson Williams Gross Brands Copyright ©2011,

and Present, Ninth Edition Divine Breen Frederickson Williams Gross Brands Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution 1700-1775 THEME: Compared with its 17 th Century counterpart, 18 th Century colonial society became moore complex and hierarchical, more ethnically and religiously diverse, and more economically and politically developed. Colonial/. America: Past and Present, Ninth Edition Divine Breen Frederickson Williams Gross Brands Map: Cession of Tribal Lands, 1775-1790 Cession of Tribal Lands, 1775-1790/


Introduction to Sociology SOC-101

colony and let corporations dominate the territory’s government Process of Global Stratification Western imperialism and colonialism shaped the Least Industrialized Nations Drew lines across a map to divide up their spoils Created states without regard for tribal or cultural considerations The legacy of European conquests still erupts in tribal/grown poorer Apart from the very rich, the most affluent group in U.S. society is the executive officers of the largest corporations Their median compensation is $7.6/


Globalization.

could deny unemployment compensation to two Native Americans dismissed from their jobs for smoking peyote as part of tribal religious rituals under the state’s narcotics laws ~ receive less opportunities for schooling basic education is often /of human rights the specific concerns of indigenous peoples have been submerged by the dominant colonial societies which control access to domestic and international legal agendas or access International Legislation 1945 The principal of self-determination of peoples /


NATIONS REGIONS THE GLOBAL VILLAGE And how we got here…

nations. Relationships between industrialization, urbanization, and demographic change very important in shaping societies. Processes are linked in a cause/effect/tribal loyalty, religion, or point of view, to seek… …territorial boundaries within which they can practice their particular way of life. Globalisation has both enabled and flouted these basic drives. SPACE GEOGRAPHY TERRITORY Colonialism De-colonialism Neo-colonialism Colonialism, De-colonialism, and Neo-colonialism Colonialism: the political and/


M. Hakan Yavuz, “Five stages of the construction of Kurdish nationalism in Turkey”, Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 7:3, 1-24, 2001.

nation-building reforms, Kurdish traditional notions of identity and culture were constructed as reactionary, tribal, and an outcome of regional backwardness. Kurdish Problem The/Empire was weakened and partitioned by the European colonial powers left deep scars on the collective memory of Turks. During and after the First/the Turkish state. Fear of partition still haunts Turkish society and breeds continuing suspicion of foreigners and their sinister domestic collaborators. Stage II: National-Secularization /


Welcome to the Post Graduate Certificate in Foster Care and Adoption Competency Course Louisiana OCS NASW Louisiana National Resource Center for Permanency.

for orphans were also established during this early colonial period. The first such orphanage in the United/ they did not, it was argued, society had the right and obligation to intervene. Thus, the concept /and mandate assurance of school attendance. 6. Increasing Aid for Tribal Foster Care – Provides direct federal foster care and adoption funding to tribal governments for children in their care. 6. Increasing Aid for Tribal Foster Care – Provides direct federal foster care and adoption funding to tribal/


Chapters 2 and 3 Slide Show. Sir Francis Drake was A.an English slave trader and pirate who raided Spanish possessions in South America. B.an English.

feast). Specific grievances over loss of tribal lands, effect of alcohol and guns on people, also Puritan treatment of ‘praying Indians’ – confined to praying villages, taken away from homes and families King Phillip’s War Wampanoags have/ to full- blown complex societies, economically dynamic and with a tradition of considerable self-government. Despite many initial problems, the English colonies in the Chesapeake, New England, and Middle colonies endured and sometimes prospered. They were greatly/


The Age of Exploration The Creation of the Atlantic System and the Eurocentric World 1433-1650.

The Atlantic System Then the British, French, and Dutch turned their Caribbean colonies to sugar production, trying to break the Portuguese/Brazilian monopoly. Then the British, French, and Dutch turned their Caribbean colonies to sugar production, trying to break the/ did sell enemies, least desirables of society. 1. most common were prisoners of tribal war (also seen in India, China). Dealers did not sell friends or family but did sell enemies, least desirables of society. 2. sold condemned criminals (no /


Welcome to the Advanced Clinical Permanency Training for Massachusetts DCF Supervisors Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Children and Families.

for orphans were also established during this early colonial period. The first such orphanage in the United/ they did not, it was argued, society had the right and obligation to intervene. Thus, the concept /and mandate assurance of school attendance. 6. Increasing Aid for Tribal Foster Care – Provides direct federal foster care and adoption funding to tribal governments for children in their care. 6. Increasing Aid for Tribal Foster Care – Provides direct federal foster care and adoption funding to tribal/


Chapter 24 Industrialization and Imperialism:. Western Imperialism and the Scramble for Colonies  Imperialism: the policy of strengthening a country’s.

and their hands cut off.  Local chiefs organized tribal resistance and escape  1885-1908: Congolese native population decreased by about ten million people.  Murder, starvation, exhaustion and exposure, disease, and plummeting birth rates.  Leopold II never visited the Congo Colonial Regimes and Social Hierarchies  Europeans exploited long-standing ethnic and cultural divisions between peoples in colonies.  Native Christians in colonies/ societies  Europeans kept to themselves in colonies and /


The question of representation Spivak/Devi. Representation and its meanings a) to re-present, as in the work of imagination that re-presents reality in.

into bourgeois hegemony Central thesis the actuality of the lives and forms of consciousness of the disenfranchised masses of colonial/postcolonial society (whether peasantry or urban working class) cannot find adequate representation in elite modes of representation (textualisation) Questioning the position of the investigator --Construction of the subaltern—a subject position indicating powerlessness (tribals; subsistence farmers, unorganised peasant labour…) -- epistemic violence: project to constitute/


CHAPTER 11: NIGERIA Countries and Concepts: Politics, Geography, Culture 12/e By Michael G. Roskin Copyright © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007 Pearson Education,

2011, 2009, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.  WWII weakened the colonial powers, and they could no longer afford their spread out empires.  Decolonization / multiethnic societies hold together?  Successful societies develop cross-cutting cleavages.  These are divisions along several axes that cut across one another and stabilize political/tries democracy, Nigerian democrats know it will be undermined by tribal and religious tensions, corruption, and military power-grabs.  Without such division, Nigeria might/


The Anglo-Atlantic World British Culture Lays the Foundation for Colonial America.

Regions & Cultures British Island Colonies-1612--1630’s Massachusetts Bay Colonies1629-1640 9 What the British Found  Vast Land  Climate and resources  Continuous frontier Eastern Native American’s Major Tribal & Linguistic Regions 11 John /, authoritarian, traditional Vigorous social institutions including patriarchal families & kinship networks Highly distinctive society unlike England & other English colonies; self-contained isolated, farming communities & middling sort social class 34 Early Virginia:/


Temple-Church Conversations No. 1 Autumn 2016 Faith and Civic Discourse The Rev. Mark R. Sutherland Rector, St Martin’s.

latter stories are shared, the moral capital of the host society is enriched. Hanson, again To gain a solid footing for understanding the mixed legacy of American political history, it is necessary to turn to the more ancient epic from which the leaders of our nation, from colonial times to the present, and for better or for worse, derived justification for their actions/


WEGL 3202 VALUES ETHICS AND INTEGRITY IN GOVERNANCE BY: GITAU G.K. BY GITAU G.K. FOR JKUAT WESTLANDS,

◦Ignores apparent unjust distribution of good consequences among wide spectrum of society members ◦US congress and president are exempt from US health care reform, but US population/and Americas, the only true subjects of history, have thought out on our behalf not only the script of colonial enlightenment and exploitation, but also that of anti-colonial resistance and/ end many of the abuses of ethnic oppression More problematic in practice Tribalism tendency BY GITAU G.K. (GITAUGK.AC@GMAIL.COM) FOR JKUAT/


TURKISH FORUM ”Dünya Türkleri Birliği” “World Turkish Alliance”

Chippewa, Apache, Blackfeet, Iroquois, and Pueblo ..There are 562 federally recognized tribal governments in the United States FIRST /and Grants show that as early as 1635 Turks were brought to the colonies as workers and laborers. Thus, the trade that developed between the Americas and Europe, Europe and North Africa, and North Africa and/ 1950 * Higher level of educated and experienced people, Social and Cultural integration and contributions into the American society * 1950-2000 Organization Period FTAA(/


What Color Is Your Worldview? Understanding Your Self and Others Dr. Rodney H. Clarken Northern Michigan University Presented at the Upper Peninsula Reading.

Mode of Living, Magical, Kin Spirits, we Strong kinship/tribal bonds, symbiotic, trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt Preoperational, magical and animistic thinking Emotional self and punishment/obedience morality emerging Seen in superstitions, rituals, athletic teams, gangs and some tribal societies © Rodney H. Clarken 2005 19 RED - Impulsive/Egocentric Basic theme: Be what you are and do what you want, regardless (starting 10,000 years ago/


Early Societies and Networks of the Eastern Mediterranean

society and an economic bridge between western Asia and S.E. Europe Mycenaean – built the first cities in Greece Phoenicians – created an important new alphabet, established colonies in western Mediterranean, migration & trade fostered networks connecting many ancient societies Greece – Greek migrants began building an important society/ & political center of the kingdom 1. Built a capital city – Jerusalem outside the tribal boundaries 2. Brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem 3. Made the city a/


HISTORY OF THE AFRICAN CONTINENT. THE “DARK” CONTINENT “Dark Continent” – racist terminology referred to both the peoples of Africa and their alleged.

’s King Leopold II and his African colonization company – International African Society KARL PETERS (1856-1918) German explorer in Africa Organized and propagandized for Germany’s colonial expansion – Founded the Society for German Colonization Acquired /tribal Civil War broken up by U.N. troops. Joseph Mobutu, an army general took over and restored order and set up the first national government. (authoritarian and corrupt) Problems of New African Nations A. Tribalism – continuing loyalty to tribes and/


!Kung Myth & Religion Definitions !Kung Ritual and Healing !Kung Art Future of the !Kung.

! Tell your friends and family about the Kalahari Bushmen and the problems they face. Tell your friends and family about the Kalahari Bushmen and the problems they face. Visit www.survival-international.org/, the website of Survival International. Visit www.survival-international.org/, the website of Survival International.www.survival-international.org/ This organisation is dedicated to defending the rights of tribal societies all over the/


Early Colonization and Development of the United States.

land was north of the Plymouth colony.  John Winthrop, the leader of the company, saw this as an opportunity to create a new “puritan society”.  Originally in order to participate in government you had to be a “freedman”, white, and own land.  Because of/ the America’s carrying goods to be traded in England. England would then send goods/weapons to battling tribal groups in Africa. The battling tribal groups would trade people/prisoners for the weapons. The slaves would then be brought back to the United /


The Urban World, 9 th Ed. J. John Palen. Chapter 16: African and Latin American Urbanization Introduction Africa Urban Development Latin America: An Urban.

Africa accelerated during the last quarter of the 19 th century The colonial city was organized around the central district Spatial location reflected power within colonial society Until 50 years ago, most African cities were relatively small Indigenous / had the largest populations before the colonial period The main focus was the central market Each quarter was a self-contained area within the larger city, and were divided on the basis of tribal or religious affiliation Contemporary Patterns – Primate/


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