Ppt on child labour in nepal

Unit 5: Gender and Economy. Changing Livelihood Strategies – Changing Labour Market Prospects.

80 Sri Lanka: 37 35 Gender Division of Labour Economic situation…Nepal Real wages continue to rise, and have been accommodated by monetary easing since early FY11, adding to inflationary pressures:- Nepal Wages have been rising faster than consumer prices; the wage index rose by 31 percent y-o-y in FY11 (measured in mid-June). Agricultural labor wages rose fastest, at 40 percent, followed/

1 Creating New Social Norms for Changing the Harmful Practice Advancement of Adolescent Girls in Nepal Misaki Akasaka Ueda UNICEF Nepal 12 July 2013.

violence, abuse and exploitation (child labour, child marriage, harmful practice)  Equity perspective - adolescent girls from poor households are disproportionately put at higher risk by harmful practices  Live at the interface between inequity, inequality, vulnerability, disparity and discrimination – at all levels, from family to community to the state level Harmful Practice – ‘Chhaupadi’  Widely followed practice across all Hindu castes groups in Nepal  Girls and women stay/

Child Welfare Board Home. Central Child Welfare Board Based on Chapter Four of the Childrens Act, 1992 Provision of the Central Child Welfare Board (CCWB)

of Labour& Transportation Management Member 7.Joint Secretary, Ministry of Finance Member 8.Joint Secretary, National Planning Commissions Secretariat Member 9-20(Children Organization, Child Psychologist, Social Activists, HR/Legal experts)Member 21. Central Child Welfare Board/Nepal by ensuring and enabling the State and civil society of Nepal to meet its obligations towards children to promote and protect their Rights progressively as per the CRC standard” Specific Objectives Incorporation of child/

Trafficking in Human Beings Susan Kreston Research Fellow Centre for Psychology & the Law UFS

Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child in Armed Conflict Optional Protocol on the Rights of the Child in Armed Conflict Underlying Conventions - Rights of the Child Underlying Conventions - Rights of the Child International Conventions ILO Convention 182 - Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour ILO Convention 182 - Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour It’s not labour, it’s torture/

1 Forced Labour Convention (No. 29), 1930 and Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No. 105), 1957 Tim De Meyer Specialist on International Labour Standards.

in pursuit of an economic/political/religious benefit for itself 4 Forced labour exists ! Traditional forms of slavery (trokosi (Ghana), deuki (Nepal), slave trade (Sudan, Mauritania)) Women and children sold/trafficked into sexual or labour exploitation Captive, unremunerated and unprotected labour/notice Child labour in conditions where the child cannot be presumed to have offered itself voluntarily (hazardous, long hours, starved, locked up, sexually abused etc) 7 Forced labour exists ! Bonded labour (/

NORTH-EAST INDIA: A TRAFFICKING GATEWAY Bangladesh Popn: 158 Million Age: 32% 14 years and under Poverty:40% living in poverty Bhutan Popn: 699,000 Age:

Age: 31% 14 years and under Poverty:28.6% living in poverty Nepal Popn: 28.9 Million Age: 30.9% 14 years and under Poverty:30.9% living in poverty DAY LABOURERS - $1 PER DAY Indo-Nepal Border team plantations DAY LABOURERS - $1 PER DAY Road and Construction CHILD LABOUR Noha – sold for 50 cents per day CHILD RESCUER Rev. Wangyal NORTH-EAST INDIA: STATS ON SEX TRADE OF/

Importance of social protection, Social protection floor concept, Country examples in Asia Ms. Valerie Schmitt ILO DWT Bangkok.

in Asia 3. … Social protection is a social and economic stabilizer Social protection measures in the stimulus packages in Asia Increased support to low- income households (CCTs and social assistance) Bangladesh (destitute women and others), Nepal/ Transfers in kind: food, water … All the poor Food distribution, water supply Minimum income: Transfers in cash Families with children Family/Child allowances Education/some of the barriers that limit participation in the labour market –By linking the provision of /

Presented By SAgun PAudel Health Assistant EIHS Naulo Ghumti Nepal ORIENTATION ON HIV, AIDS AND STIS.

in general population is <1%  Clients of sex workers  Male labour migrants 24 Risk Population  Sex Workers  Clients of sex workers.  Injecting drug users.  Seasonal labor migrants.  Housewives (Spouses).  Men having Sex with Men (MSM).  Trafficked women. HIV in Nepal/person to another primarily by Sexual contact- Anal, Vaginal or oral  From Mother to child: during Pregnancy and child birth  Occasionally through contaminated fingers, blood and blood products, organ transplants, contaminated needles/

Fulbright Professor of Law University of the Free State

Country to country variation important Ex: In SA, more boys than girls exploited for labour Very atypical Labour may also include conscription Child soldiers – girl children are 40% May, again, also be exploited sexually Sexual Trafficking of Children Primary destination countries: Thailand Philippines Sri Lanka Taiwan Secondary destination countries: Brazil Cambodia Columbia Costa Rica India Indonesia Italy Nepal South Africa Vietnam Trafficking of Children for/

Labour Standards in MDB Lending UNION ORGANISING IN INFRASTRUCTURE May 2012.

2010 6.14 Supply of Water 6.20 Prohibition of Forced Labour 6.21 Prohibition of Child Labour 6.22 Employment Records of Workers 6.23 Workers’ Organizations:/ project funded by the IFC after introduction of PS2 is Bujagali hydro electric dam in Jinja, Uganda. In July 2007, the BWI starts the organising work with the Uganda Building Workers’ /wage increase. TSO French company, assistance to affiliate from BWI and CGT. 2. Nepal Melamchi Hydro electric dam, funded by the ADB. The unions have recruited almost /

KMC Accelleration Convening | Istanbul, 21 - 22 October 2013 1 | Dr. Elizabeth Mason, Director Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health World Health.

mortality rate Av annual change 2000-2010 Rwanda Progressing 6.2% Bangladesh 4.0% Nepal 3.6% Malawi Progressing 3.5% We have proof of change at scale Some/and a Plan? Who needs to be involved? [Discussion] Strategic objectives 1.Invest in care during labour, childbirth and the first days of life. 2.Improve the quality of maternal and / been slow and needs to link to many existing initiatives for reproductive, maternal, child and adolescent health care, scaling up global attention and action Why Every Newborn?/

Washington D.C., USA, 22-27 July 2012www.aids2012.org Preventing Mother to Child HIV Transmission through Community Based Approach in Nepal Nafisa Binte.

Child HIV Transmission through Community Based Approach in Nepal Nafisa Binte Shafique Chief, HIV and AIDS Section UNICEF Nepal Washington D.C., USA, 22-27 July 2012www.aids2012.org Washington D.C., USA, 22-27 July 2012www.aids2012.org About Nepal /July 2012www.aids2012.org HIV situation in Nepal – a brief overview 1988 First HIV case reported in 1988 Evolved from low prevalence to ‘concentrated epidemic’ among the most at risk population IDU, FSW, MSM and TG, Labour migrant 55,626 Estimated HIV infections/

International Labour Office 1 The ILO Global Campaign to Extend Social Security to All The Social Protection Floor Initiative: The UN, the ILO and a unique.

poor and vulnerable. It includes: – A basic set of essential social rights and transfers, in cash and in kind, to provide a minimum income and livelihood security for poor and vulnerable populations and to /Labour Office 18 Point Five: Creating fiscal space – the Nepal example … International Labour Office 19 Point Five: Creating fiscal space – an historical example…… International Labour Office 20 Six: Impact…effects on poverty of a basic package of pensions and child benefits International Labour/

1 The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises Recommendations for Responsible Business Conduct in a Global Context TRADE UNION ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

trade union representation (IV 1.a), sustainable development (II. 1) –Countries: DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal –NCP Role: Provided professional external mediation –11th December 2008: agreement after meetings conducted by a professional /child labour as a matter of urgency. (3, 2%) Key Recommendations V. Employment and Industrial Relations 1. d) Contribute to the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour and take adequate steps to ensure that forced or compulsory labour does not exist in/

Figure 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic Selected events in the global response to the epidemicUniversalAccessTargets 2001 2006 20082015 MillenniumDevelopmentGoals.

support in caring for the child 11Percentage of schools that provided life skills-based HIV education in the last/ and industry Minerals and energy Agriculture Transportation Health Labour Military/police Sector included Earmarked budget present Percentage of/ Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Paraguay, Russian Federation, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo/

Estimated number in ‘worst forms’: 8.4 million (2004) Electroplate worker, India 1993 Can this be positive for economic development? Estimated number of.

Facts… Children is not as productive as adults Negative relationship between income and child labour Shepherd, Bolivia Labour Supply Coal collecting, Afghanistan 2002 Children in labour force keep wages low Children out of the labour force increases wages Human Capital Brick worker, Nepal 1995 Low Level Development Trap Child labour perpetuates poverty and hinders development Investment in human capital perpetuates long term sustainable development Human Capital Low Level Trap Take/

Christmas Match Appeal for Nepal World Bank. Every year, thousands of children in Nepal are trafficked. Traffickers target poor households, offering them.

Bank Every year, thousands of children in Nepal are trafficked. Traffickers target poor households, offering them the hope of regular income – and then sell their children into bonded labour or sexual slavery. SOLD INTO SLAVERY NGOs estimate that up to/. She was vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. With CarNet Nepal’s support, the local church helped Pujana attend a Child Development Centre. She is thriving. Her mother proudly says, “I have hope in my daughter and I will send her to school regularly.”/

1 Isabel Ortiz, Director Social Protection International Labour Organization Social Protection in the Post-2015 Agenda Brussels, 27 April 2015 Universal.

SECURITY SYSTEM Higher levels of protection . How older poor spend pension cash transfer  Child and family benefits Argentina, China, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Senegal, South Africa Cash transfers with human development focus Argentina, Bangladesh, / National Procurement in Compliance With Labour Legislation and Social Security Contributions  Coherence between development goals and procurement Proposal would require public procurement to be in compliance with:  National labour legislation /

1 Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) Tim De Meyer Specialist on International Labour Standards and Labour Law International Labour Office BAO/EASMAT,

appropriate regulation of the hours and conditions of employment. 3 C. 138 in time The first ILO Convention on child labour dates back to 1919 : C. 5 (Industry). Since then 13 /child labour is a fundamental institution of development Ratification encourages other States (economic competitors) to follow suit 18 Why ratify C. 138 ? (c’d) Ratification status 134 countries worldwide, of which 2/3 in the last 10 years in Asia Pacific : Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, RoKorea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal/

Child Labor and Child Protection Systems Experience sharing - Gopal Tamang.

/week) Regular work (>14 but <43 hrs/week) Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) Hazardous work (>43 hrs/week or in - by GoN determined - specified hazardous occupations, work, processes) Unconditional forms of work (all forms of slavery, bonded labour, trafficking, armed conflict, prostitution, illicit activities) (Red shaded areas indicate work considered to represent child labour) PROJECT BENEFICIARIES AND ACHIEVEMENTS (WE, 2009-13) SectorsGirlsBoysTotal Children at-risk703727949831/

Nepal’s Strategies for Pro-poor Growth: Modalities and Lessons Yuba Raj Bhusal Member Secretary National Planning Commission, Nepal New Delhi March 05,

schools)98% Infant Mortality rate (1000):38 Child mortality rate (1000): 23 Use of contraceptives57%/ programs Emphasis on the use of labour intensive technology in small infrastructure development Women development programs /in the rural and remote regions, Internet service in all the Villages, Gender Responsive, pro-poor budgeting, Global and Regional level push: Nepal as the Chair of LDCs, BIMSTEC/ SAARC Ministerial level Meetings on Poverty Alleviation in Kathmandu, Global Mountain Alliance meeting in/

Shakti Samuha, Nepal Safehouse and reintegration centre $HKD Grants To Date0 Grant 201295,000 (Shortfall in Shakti Budget) Requested Budget of USD12,188:

of approx USD42,000 per annum. RECOVERY & REINTEGRATION A new start for girl victims of child sexual abuse and exploitation Shakti Samuha Pokhara, Nepal Shakti Samuha Protection Recovery Reintegration Two criteria for support at Shakti Samuha : 1. Under 18/10,000 women and girls Set up the 1 st ever shelter home run by- and for trafficking survivors in South Asia (currently operate 3 shelters) President Shakti Samuha, Ms. Chari Maya Tamang was presented Hero acting/sexual abuse, former domestic child labourer

National Framework for GFATM Round 7 proposal Dr Rajendra Pant MBBS,MCPS,MPH Deputy Director National Center for AIDS and STD Control Kathmandu Nepal.

AIDS and STD Control Kathmandu Nepal CCM Decides and form PSC/, Multiple sex partners) Drug Injecting behaviors Drug Injecting behaviors Parent to child transmission Parent to child transmissionSizePrevalence Disease Burden Programme coverage and gaps Where it happens  Mobility /.6 Clients of sex workers 13,59519.4 Seasonal labour migrant 32,34146.0 Sub-total79.8 Population at/ of risk and vulnerability of mobile populations and their spouse in the place of origin and destinations Objective 3: Expansion and/

U NIT 4: P ARENT -C HILD R ELATIONSHIPS Chapter 9: Parenthood Today Chapter 10: Parents and Childrearing Chapter 11: Parent-Child Issues and Trends.

IFE In other societies prior to the 20 th century, large families were the norm In Asia and Africa, the paternal grandmother would reside with the family In other areas of the world, a large communal family was the norm In parts of Nepal, / family Children were no longer needed for their labour They lost their economic value and became cherished for sentimental reasons Compulsory schooling and restrictive child labour laws took children out of the labour force In 1891, 13.8% of all children between 11/

South Asia EFA Mid-Term Policy Conference Kathmandu, Nepal 16-19 June 2008 Education for All by 2015: Will we make it?

Burundi Ethiopia Morocco Guatemala Cambodia India Nepal Senegal Ghana Uganda Mauritania Malawi Gambia Gender parity index in primary GER 1999 2005 Gender parity line More girls in primary school  In total, 63% of countries have / Providing scholarships for girls Governments are also encouraging access through:  Flexible models for working children and enforced child labour legislation (218 million children still employed)  Inclusive education for the disabled  Bilingual education for children from /


reduced both the probability of children working and their likelihood to be engaged in higher-risk activities. In Nepal’s Karnali region, the child grant programme (conditional on birth registration) increased the number of registered under-/transition, fragility and others) ? Adolescence and Youth Development Early marriage Increased risk for HIV/AIDS Gender discrimination Child labour Under and unemployment Increased costs of services – ex: secondary school Traffic-related accidents, gang-violence, risky /

Social protection in Asia and the Pacific

violence, money management and health awareness longer term employment prospects enhanced infrastructure and services, esp in informal settlements Planned outcome: estimated 500,000 labour days of work over the five years of the project road repair, maintenance, construction and /all >70 Take up rate yr 2 … 0.5% GDP Min of Child Welfare Bias to well-off Bangla-desh Cambodia China India Indonesia Lao PDR Nepal Philippines Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Vietnam Pathways to “Four SPF guarantees” Bangladesh: /

International Labour Office 1 The ILO Global Campaign to extend Social Security to all A new deal for people in a global crisis - Social security for all:

A closer look at Tanzania… International Labour Office 9 The ILO Global Campaign to extend Social Security to all Point two: Other studies and experience In Latin America the cost of a modest package of conditional child cash transfers, universal pensions and basic/ in Botswana, Brazil, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, Nepal, and South Africa, cost between 0.2 and 2% of GDP. Global view: Less than 2% of Global GDP are needed to provide all the worlds poor with a basic benefit package International Labour Office/

Overview Version 18 August 2013. Outline Why are 3 million newborns dying? Can we change? Where do we want to be in 2035? [Target setting and other analyses]

annual change 2000-2010 Rwanda Progressing 6.2% Bangladesh 4.0% Nepal 3.6% Malawi Progressing 3.5% We have proof of change at/’s Children 2012; The UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2011, 2011; Team analysis from 2035 /in every country? [Objectives and strategic directions] What is the Every Newborn Action Plan? What is the process for building a Movement and a Plan? Who needs to be involved? 2 1 4 3 5 Key themes 1.Focus on care during labour/

Initiative Partners in Occupational & Environmental Health Vision for Training of OEH Hygienists, Nurses, Doctors in Asia-Pacific Hong Kong 28-29 October.

protection ILO Convention re Child Labour – No. 182 – Child Labour Article 3(d) – deems children’s health as an essential criterion for the definition of the term “worst forms of child labour.” 28 Oct 2013 HK-THGVision of Partners in OEH Asia-Pacific10 U/western Universities Mount Sinai Hospital (New York City) – 1-week OEH training in Bangkok, April 2013 ~ 50 regional participants Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam – Discussions with Myanmar Minister of Health /

Suffer the little children: the gradual improvement in child health is leaving newborns behind. Christopher Whitty Gresham College 2015 Painting- Ian Richie.

8.4 Nepal 23 India 29 Afghanistan 36 Nigeria 37 Pakistan 42 Angola 46 SCF/WHO. Nepal/ Malawi Global burden of neonatal deaths Decline in neonatal and child mortality 1990-2013 (UNICEF 2015, percentage decline) Change in neonatal mortality / intake restriction. Routine intravenous fluids. Early bathing. Routine separation from mother. Fundal pressure to facilitate second stage labour. Routine suctioning Application of various substances to the cord. Pre-lacteals, artificial infant milk formula, other breast-/

Version April 2014. A roadmap for change in countries… A platform for harmonized action by all partners…  Sets out a clear vision with mortality goals,

approaches, technologies What to do differently? Every Newborn’s Five strategic objectives 1.Strengthen and invest in care during labour, birth and the first day and week of life 2.Improve the quality of maternal and/, Bolivia, Eritrea, Guatemala, Indonesia, Nepal, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Senegal, Rwanda, Tanzania, Vietnam  Countries, donors, civil society groups, professionals, and businesses are leading this effort in support of Every Woman Every Child. Every Newborn builds on key platforms like/

Urban Infrastructure Services Experiences in Zimbabwe for low income settlements Eng.Fungai Matahwa Practical Action Southern Africa www.practicalaction.org.

in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1965 and has offices in Southern Africa, East Africa, Sudan, Latin America, Bangladesh, Nepal and South Asia. Founded in 1965 and has offices in Southern Africa, East Africa, Sudan, Latin America, Bangladesh, Nepal and South Asia. Practical Action Southern Africa office based in Harare covers work in/ Urbanization Urbanization Economic context In 1980 the informal economy - 10% of the labour force. In 1980 the informal economy - 10% of the labour force. The informal sector/

Labour migration, financial investments and more: opportunities and challenges linked to South ‐ South migration cooperation Briefing on South-South Migration.

in 2011 and $374 billion by 2012 Benefits of migration and remittances Poverty and hunger reduction Higher human capital accumulation Higher investment on health and education Access to information and communication technologies Promotion of private enterprises Child labour/) Top 10 emigration countries: Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Mozambique, the Republic of Yemen, Mali, Haiti, Nepal, Sudan, Eritrea Composition Females as percentage of immigrants: 47.4 percent (compared to 48.4 percent for the/

ALL4NEPAL – Update No4. So what can we do...... Global Partnership Making a Difference RT NEPAL.

30.000 Class rooms have been destroyed by this Earth Quake in Nepal. About 1 million students don’t have place to study. If Children do not get back to school and in education again, they may get engaged in labour jobs and never return to school and will have a potential /do odd jobs. They may never return back to school. This leads to the high risk of children being engaged in child labor TLC and Classrooms The Goverment is working cost effective design for regular classroom, since it does not have budget /

International Labour Office e 1 1e 1 1 1‹#›‹#› The ILO Global Campaign to extend Social Security to all Universal social security benefits against poverty.

to cost 0.5% of GDP. Universal pension schemes in Botswana, Brazil, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, Nepal, and South Africa, cost between 0.2 and 2% of GDP The old age grant in South Africa improved the well-being of older persons but /of Basic health care for all within a pluralistic system Child benefits to foster school attendance Pro-active (self targeting) social assistance universal benefits in old age, disabilty and loss of breadwinner International Labour Office e 22 22 22‹#›‹#› The ILO Global Campaign /

Tesina di Ornella Venti III i

type of child abuse: Child labour; children employed in armed conflicts;children sold for transplantation;sexual abuse on children; children without education; and so on… Child labour The problem of the child labour is global. Thousands black and white photos could appear in front of /are often seized to be used as military bases or to accomodate evacuees. Between January and March 2005, in Nepal many students were abducted from their rural schools and forced to join up the Army. Besides this, teachers /

Victim Identification Toolkit Training Kit. Overview  Definitions (trafficking – smuggling)  The Hong Kong context  Victim identification  Child trafficking.

labour  Rare cases because hidden by nature poor victim identification lack of relevant legislation The Hong Kong Context Main features  Destination and transit territory  Victims are men, women, teenage girls  Source countries (China, Colombia, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines, Nepal/ exploitation AND forced labour as well  Trafficked children end up in work that is dangerous to their health, safety and morals. Child Trafficking  UN Convention on the Rights of the Child applies to HK /

SYMPOSIUM “INDIAWORKER, LOST IN A GULF OF DESPAIR” - Human Rights defense India Indian Law Institute, Opp. Supreme Court of India, New Delhi on 13 October,

an active and important labour force. They had concentrated on providing training and welfare services to migrant workers TUs attempts to organise migrant workers BHARATIYA MAZDOOR SANGH 23 Nepal TUs are proactive in protecting the rights of / in sectors of utility. Organise employment oriented training center for women migrant workers, so as to deploy them in sectors of utility. Identify and prosecute those employers who employ child Labour. Identify and prosecute those employers who employ child Labour./

Pair Reports News about China and/or Asia modern- day slavery human trafficking child labor child soldier genocide.

East Asia: 1. “India rescues children from traffickers exploiting Nepal earthquake aftermath” 2. “Mass graves of suspected trafficking victims found in Malaysia” 3. “Rohingya trafficking: Thai army officer held in first military arrest over disaster” @ The migrant crisis //you can about: the circumstance about child labor and child slavery 7. “Israel profiting from Palestinian child labour” Tasks and questions:  Find out info about: the working conditions of the child labourer in the settlements (para. 1-4)/

Manual on Module V – Trends and Issues in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry.

encounters such as people on honeymoon or young people participating in a singles only cruise on one end to commercial sex tours, trafficking of women and children for prostitution and child sex tourism at the other, darker end of the spectrum/sell to make money is their labour. Because they are mostly unskilled they have a hard time in getting jobs because they have to compete against often much higher skilled city residents. Gardening and luggage handling (Nepal) Creating employment or self-employment /

Rural Challenges: A Telecommunications Sector Development Perspectives By Ananda Raj Khanal Director Nepal Telecommunications Authority 6 February 2009.

births (2008 estimate) Child mortality rate=48 per 1000 Employment 74.3% employed above the age of 15 years 1.5 million youth unemployed 2.5 million of Nepalese in the international labour market (2008 estimate)/3 14. Rural ISP  11  1 Total 47161717 2028135017131523660176 Challenges for Rural Telecom Development in Nepal No standard definition of Rural The government of Nepal has categorized remote areas depending on distance and geographical difficulties from accessibility and other facilities NTA/

South Asia Labour Conference Lahore, 24-26 April 2014 Technical Session One: Understanding the Situation in South Asia - Social Protection - Markus Ruck.

launched the Social Protection Floor Initiative in April 2009 – In June 2012, a new international labour standard, the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202), was adopted at the International Labour Conference – Social protection floors are nationally/social services (e.g. care, education, health care). – Nepal: Child Grant 10 Basic income security for the active age population – The social security needs of persons in active age generally fall into three broad categories: 1) the /

International Labour Office 1 The ILO Global Campaign to extend Social Security to all Social security for all: Towards a global social security floor.

in Botswana, Brazil, Lesotho, Mauritius, Namibia, Nepal, and South Africa, cost between 0.2 and 2% of GDP. The old age grant in South/child benefits aimed to facilitate access to basic social services: education, health, housing Means tested/self targeting social assistance for the unemployed, programmes linked to employment and vocational training programmes (e.g. like the 100 day guaranteed employment scheme in India) Universal basic pensions for old age, invalidity and survivors. International Labour/

GROUP WORK 11 (GROUP 3 - MEMBERS : MITRA,TAU, CHOUDHARY, SYLVIA) ♥NEPAL 1)Challenge - Lack of Legislation / Interference from Government on Freedom of.

Mechanism - File a complaint to the Committee on FOA. GROUP WORK 11 (MEMBERS : MITRA,TAU, CHOUDHARY, SYLVIA) ♥NEPAL 3) National /International Measures - Report to ICFTU (which NTUC is affiliated) to put pressure on the government /king /PAKISTAN 1)Challenge - Convention 138 not ratified. Law is there (any child below 14 yrs can work especially in the carpet / football industry) (Violation of convention : 138 – On Minimum Age for Child Labour) GROUP WORK 11 (MEMBERS : MITRA,TAU, CHOUDHARY, SYLVIA) ♥PAKISTAN/

U N I T E D N A T I O N S I N D U S T R I A L D E V E L O P M E N T O R G A N I Z A T I O N Challenges in Conformity Assessment for developing countries.

EU) –New ISO 22000 Food Safety Management –Expected Mid 2005 Social Accountability Standard SA 8000. –Avoid Child labour, exploitation –Union rights, Collective bargaining etc. (controversy) –ISO to develop a new SA standard _June 2004 Occupational safety standards/ end 2002 Recent Bi-lateral trade agreements –India with Nepal and Sri Lanka Standards /testing related problems in Trade –Example Nepal-India Free trade agreement Challenges in Conformity Assessment for developing countries, December 2004 U N I/

CHILD LABOR Can We Make It Finally End? Dmytro Polanski.

with girls from rural Nepal, who are recruited to work in carpet factories but are then trafficked into the sex industry over the border in India (ILO/IPEC, Helping Hands or Shackled Lives? Understanding Child Domestic Labor and Responses/ enfants/labour-travail.aspx?lang=eng http://www.international.gc.ca/rights-droits/kids- enfants/labour-travail.aspx?lang=eng https://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu http://about-child-labour.weebly.com http://www.worldvision.ca Newman, Shirlee, “Child Slavery in Modern Times/

Progress and plans for PPM in the South-East Asia Region Fifth PPM Subgroup Meeting 3 - 5 June, Cairo.

, Education and Home Affairs Nepal: Private providers; teaching hospitals, communities through village and district DOTS committees Thailand: NHSO, Ministry of Labour; prisons systems; private hospitals association; community based organizations, local and international NGOs; Thai business coalition Successful approaches Some examples Intensified training of private and public hospital and laboratory staff in Indonesia Introduction of coordination meetings between community health facilities and hospitals/


the child’s year of birth. 4  Panel: 277,787 child observations in 20 DHS countries over the 2001- 2008 period  These data were merged to longitudinal information on paid maternity leave for each country 5 CountryDHs survey years1999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011 Honduras 20112005 Nepal 20112006/ expenditure/cap-log -0.0057 (0.008)-0.0005 (0.0077)-0.0003 (0.0077)0.0065 (0.0076) Female labour-force participation 0.0013 (0.0005)0.0005 (0.0005)0.0007 (0.0004) 0.0001 (0.0004) Household-level /

Labor Inspection What it is what it does Workshops for workers June 2012 Helena Pérez Consutant Labour Administration and Inspection Programme LAB/ADMIN.

Labour Relations and Child Labour Elimination Section Research, Information Mgt.., Monitoring and Evaluation Section Research, Information Mgt.., Monitoring and Evaluation Section Labour Offices (10) Nepal: Ministry of Labour and Transport Management 23 Structure: Central authority Costa Rica Ministry of Labour/ Old myths new realities Employers are not sanctioned enough Labour inspection authorities are understaffed and weak Labour inspectors are in the employer’s pocket Inspection visits are not frequent /

Ads by Google