Ppt on biodegradable and non biodegradable waste

Lesson 1.10 Polymer problems Lesson Outcomes APP AF1,AF3,AF4 HSW 2b,2c,3a How I didTargets Task 1: Explain that many polymers are non-biodegradable. Grade.

will you be developing this lesson? Literacy Team work Self management Independent enquiry Participation Reflection How is this lesson relevant to every day life? (WRL/CIT) Keywords: Landfill site Non-biodegradable Can you explain these key words? Waste reduction – facts and figures In the UK, 3.5 million tonnes of plastic packaging is thrown away each year! There are three ways to dispose of/


REHANA KOUSAR 06-arid-746 PhD Scholar- Botany. Overview- plastics Why bioplastics? Introduction of Bioplastics Biodegradation andBiodegrading organisms.

light. Second, they may cause an increase in emissions of the greenhouse gas methane, – methane is released when materials biodegrade anaerobically. Third, the mixture of degradable and non- degradable plastics may complicate plastics sorting systems. Last, the use of these materials may lead to an increase in plastics waste and litter if people believe that discarded plastics will simply disappear. Polymers made from plants sugars/


Sustainability. 1 What percentage of packaging waste ends up in landfill 1. 20% 2. 40% 3. 60% 4. 90%

for most plastics. Is it…… 1. A sustainable resource 2. A non-sustainable resource Answers 1 What percentage of packaging waste ends up in landfill 1. 20% 2. 40% 3. 60% 4. 90% 2 Bioplastics are made from…… 1. Crude Oil 2. Animal and vegetable matter They are…… 1. Totally biodegradable 2. Non biodegradable 3 On the right is the FSC logo. FSC stands for…. 1/


XI International Symposium WASTE MANAGEMENT – ZAGREB 2010 Zagreb, Croatia, November 25th and 26th 2010 DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF SCENARIOS FOR INTEGRATED.

,42%38,5149,3151,79 201333,00%34,36%38,7849,6652,15 202050,00% 38,8549,4652,60 XI International Symposium WASTE MANAGEMENT – ZAGREB 2010 Zagreb, Croatia, November 25th and 26th 2010 Total Biodegradable waste in 1995 - tons49.093 Quantity of biodegradable waste allowed for landfilling relative to 1995 BDW quantity Year National Target - BDW allowed to landfillTARGET ACHIEVEMENT - BDW landfilled tons/year % of 1995/


Solid Waste: The Throwaway Society. Solid Waste Any discarded material that is not liquid or gas. –56% - Manufacturing Waste –26% - Mining Waste –9% -

discarded material that is not liquid or gas. –56% - Manufacturing Waste –26% - Mining Waste –9% - Agricultural Waste –6% - Hazardous Waste –2% - Municipal Solid Waste**** –1% - Other Biodegradable Waste A material that can be broken down by decomposers (fungus & bacteria). Created from living things. –Newspapers –Paper Bags –Cotton –Food –Leather Non-biodegradable Waste Materials that cannot be degraded by living things. Made from oil, but chemically rearranged. –Nylon –Polyester –Plastic –Fleece/


Land pollution. Introduction Solid waste is classified into five main types by making reference to the sources of waste and the institutional arrangements.

Hygiene Department (FEHD), marine refuse collected by the Marine Department and waste from country parks collected by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department. The TWO major domestic wastes are plastic and metal cans. Plastic Bacteria can decompose some types of the plastics. These are called biodegradable materials, and will not cause serious pollution problem after decomposition. However, non- biodegradable plastics, which cannot be decomposed, will lead to serious pollution/


Green Polymers for Sustainable Development Dr. Bhavesh Patel Principal V.P. and R.P.T.P. Science College, Vallabh Vidyanagar -

dumped after a single use, together with food-leftovers, forming huge amounts of waste, particularly at big events. Applications Gardening Gardening Within the agricultural economy and the gardening sector mulch foils made of biodegradable material and flower pots made of decomposable bioplastics are predominantly used due to their adjustable lifespan and the fact that these materials do not leave residues in the soil. Within the/


Last Topic Collected by JHP.

for wastes with a high carbon and hydrogen content ie organic wastes. Around 20% of industrial waste and 30% of domestic waste is typically incombustible. This includes ferrous and non-ferrous metals such as iron and aluminium./petroleum refining wastes, biodegradable organic chemical wastes including organochlorine compounds. However it is not suited to the treatment of waste containing acids, bases, toxic inorganic compounds, salts, heavy metals and excessively soluble volatile and flammable organic/


Biomedical waste Management

WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN. Biomedical waste generated by Doctors and paramedical staffs and segregation of waste at site of generation is the key factor to reduce the quantity of infected waste. If the infected waste is mixed with non-infected waste the quantity of infected waste becomes huge, unmanageable and/ beds were used for studies. These beds were charged with infected biodegradable waste comprising of cotton/gauze pieces soiled with blood, pus and body fluids etc. In many cases it would have been admixed/


CE/Geol/ChE 174 Hazardous Materials Treatment of Commercial and Industrial Hazardous Wastes Christopher Vais 510-610-3396

organics Land Farming Organic wastes only – biodegradation Upper layers of soil Effective, low cost, simple Can enhance soil Degradation factors – Waste Composition – Contact between the waste and the microbes – Soil /and treated Deep Well Injection Transfer of liquid waste deep underground – Far away from freshwater sources Criteria for waste waters: – Low Volume, High Concentration Waste – Difficult to treat by other methods – Compatible with material in disposal zone – Biologically Inactive – Non/


THE ENVIRONMENTAL CASE FOR PAPER HENRY COPPENS Sappi emissions and energy technical specialist.

the wood chips  It’s renewable  Non -fossil  Carbon neutral This means this energy is: WOW factors 1.Makes own energy 2.Guzzles GHGs/ LOCKS UP Carbon 3.Re-uses its output 4.Outputs (product, wastes) biodegradable 5.Contributor to Life itself 6.Quarter /uses its output 4.Outputs (product, wastes) biodegradable 5.Contributor to Life itself 6.Quarter mile times Unlike other materials, paper waste needs no segregation before recycle processing. Simply put it all in the same pot and make paper 3. Re-uses its /


Preventive Medicine C2a

marked or identified for on-site collection as "compostable", "non-recyclable", "recyclable" or "special waste", or any other classification as may be determined by the Commission. Black: Non-biodegradable waste Red: Hazardous waste Green: Biodegradable waste Yellow: Pathological waste Collection and Transport of Solid Waste Requirements for Collection of Solid Waste (a) All collectors and other personnel directly dealing with collection of solid waste shall be equipped with personal protective equipment to/


Egyptian and Italian Cooperation Programme on Environment Best Available Techniques (BAT) Ms. Margherita Secci, Mr. Giorgio Grimaldi 1 Workshop: “Best.

). Pretreatment of highly-loaded (COD>5000 mg/l) selected and segregated single waste water streams containing non-biodegradable compounds by chemical oxidation. Candidate waste water streams are padding liquors from semi-continuous or continuous dyeing and finishing, desizing baths, printing pastes, residues from carpet backing, exhaust dyeing and finishing baths. Waste water treatment (2/2) 5. Specific BAT Egyptian and Italian Cooperation Programme on Environment Best Available Techniques (BAT/


Bioremediation BIOREMEDIATION AND BIOMASS UTILIZATION Iman Rusmana

GE materials involved. Degradable organic compounds in the environment 1) Biodegradable: undergoes a biological transformation. Complete degradation results in CO2 and some inorganic compounds 2) Persistent: do not biodegrade in certain environments 3) Recalcitrant: resist biodegradation in most environments Not always beneficial process: 1) non toxic compound  toxic metabolite, 2) toxic chemical  more toxic chemical (mercury waste transformed into very toxic methyl mercury compounds). 6 “Catabolic/


Catalytic wet air oxidation The Budapest University of Technology and Economics Department of Chemical and Environmental Process Engineering Arezoo Mohammad.

. Biological treatment: important for removal of organic pollutants, but often not suitable for waste streams originating from the chemical industry since they may contain toxic, non-biodegradable and hazardous pollutants. One of the present technologies used for non-biodegradable waste treatment is wet air oxidation (WAO) One of the present technologies used for non-biodegradable waste treatment is wet air oxidation (WAO) Heterogeneous catalysts used in wet air oxidation Heterogeneous/


Solid Waste Engineering & Management. Introduction MSW generally refers to all wastes generated, collected, transported, and disposed of within the jurisdiction.

wastes generated, collected, transported, and disposed of within the jurisdiction of a municipal authority. Sources of solid waste Strategies of Solid waste management Types of Solid Wastes Paper Category Plastic Category Glass Category Metal Category Yard Waste Category Organic Category Other Waste Category Special Waste Category i. Paper Category Mixed Paper Newspaper Non/ organic & inorganic solids. Bio Degradability of Organic Waste Biodegradation can be aerobic or anaerobic. Volatile slides contents,/


Polymer & Plastic waste and Recycling Dr. Manohar Singh Saini Director, Guru Nanak Dev Engg. College, Ludhiana January 3, 2012.

the landscape where another victim may ingest it. Plastic bags are non-biodegradable And one of the worst environmental effects of plastic bags is that they are non- biodegradable. The decomposition of plastic bags takes about 1000 years. PLASTIC’S/plastics from renewable resources (PLA, cellulose acetate from sugarcane bagasse, sugarcane juice, etc.) on-going briskly. Current Scenario of Plastic Waste  India has a high rate of plastics recycling: +60% (World average is 15-20%).  Recycling is a thriving /


SYNTHETIC FIBRES AND PLASTICS Ms. ANUPAMA SINGH. DISADVANTAGES OF PLASTICSDISADVANTAGES OF PLASTICS.

PLASTICS. Avoid use of plastic bags.Avoid use of plastic bags. Use bags made of cotton or jute.Use bags made of cotton or jute. Collect biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste separately.Collect biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste separately. Recycle plastic waste.Recycle plastic waste. Do not throw plastic bags in water bodies or on the road.Do not throw plastic bags in water bodies or on the road. Remember 4R’s/


EAL for marine applications Overview of EPA regulations and future technologies Ichiro Minami Luleå University of Technology, Sweden 8 October, 2015 Tribodays.

biodegradableand “minimally-toxic” and are “not bioaccumulative.”  Products labeled by labeling programs: Blue Angel, European Ecolabel, Nordic Swan, the Swedish Standards SS 155434 and 155470, OSPAR, and DfE.  Lubricant has to contain at least 90 mass% of biodegradable; up to 5 mass% may be non-biodegradable/ Future requirements: 12 principles of green chemistry 1.It is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it is formed. 2.Synthetic methods should be designed to maximize the /


Chapter 19 Waste 19.1 solid Waste 19.2 Reducing Solid Waste 19.3 Hazardous Waste p. 480-503 1.

be buried 4 The Generation of Waste Population and Waste As human pop and amount of waste grows larger the amount of land available per person becomes smaller Getting harder to dispose of the waste we create Average person 4.4lbs per day 5 Not All Waste Are Equal Biodegradable Can be broken down by biological processes Plant and animal matter, newspaper, cotton, leather Non biodegradable- synthetic Chemicals to form compounds/


ORGANIC FARMING Organic farming or organic agriculture is a farming system that makes use of techniques of soil care and cropping which are dependent on.

or hazardous to human beings as well as livestocks. Process of biodegradation of pesticides in soil The process of degradation of pesticides and conversion into non- toxic compounds by microorganisms is known as “biodegradation”. Not all pesticides reaching the soil are biodegradable and such chemicals that show complete resistance to biodegradation are called “recalcitrant”. The biodegradation of compounds of pesticides is often a complex series of biochemical reactions/


Waste Management Meagan Heath Supervisor, Waste Management Grounds, Fleet, and Waste Management Tuesday, January 11, 2011.

 Milk & juice cartons & boxes  Plastic tubs & lids  Aluminum trays  Aerosol container  Paint cans Acceptable:  Mixed material waste (i.e. coffee cups or binder with plastic & metal parts)  Non-recyclable plastics (i.e. takeout containers, cutlery and cups)  Plastic bags  Biodegradable packaging Not acceptable:  No coffee cups  No biodegradable packaging  No coated paper (with wax, plastic, or foil)  No plastic binders  No transparencies  No corrugated cardboard/


Advanced Placement Environmental Science

and Water Pollution by Paul Rich Degradable/Biodegradable Degradable: That can be chemically decomposed: decomposable plastic wastes Photodegradable: that the product is decomposed (broken down) by exposure to light Biodegradable: Capable of being decomposed by biological agents, especially bacteria: a biodegradable detergent Degradable: these days, the FDA is approving more and more artificial and/into facilities for specific, approved uses for which non-potable water is adequate (process water, irrigation,/


Topic no6 Collected by JHPatel

accompanies this industry in its nature and extents, particularly, because of the non-biodegradable nature of the dyes as well as due to the presence of acid/ alkali/ toxic trace metals/ carcinogenic aromatic amines in the effluents. In addition to effluent, gaseous emissions such as SO2, NOx, NH3 & HCl and solid wastes in the form of iron sludge, gypsum and sludge from treatment facilities are generated/


Information regarding the biodegradability of the raw material used to manufacture the Eco Wad.

polyethylene plastics with regards to strength and flexibility but it is not made from non-renewable resources, it is not a petroleum product. Relevant Certifications Internationally recognized certifications for biodegradation include: – Din Certco – / to waste-disposal plant operators and product image to consumers. Laboratory tests are performed for materials, intermediates and additives. In these tests the chemical properties are checked, the ultimate biodegradability is verified and and the /


Lagoon Design and Performance Presented by: Dwight HOUWELING, Ph.D. EnviroSim Associates, Flamborough, ON 4-hour Seminar presented September 22 nd, 2008.

waste are soluble and particulate (solid) components LAGOON BIOLOGY 26 Treatment Steps : Biodegradability AEROBIC REACTIONS ANAEROBIC REACTIONS Fate will depend on biodegradability Most human waste will biodegrade eventually, but is it readily, slowly, very-slowly or impossibly slowly biodegradable/in equilibrium between non-volatile (NH 4 + ) and volatile (NH 3 ) forms. At neutral pH, the non-volatile form is dominant LAGOON SAMPLING 51 Types of Lagoons Facultative Oxygen input from algae and wind is /


Waste Treatment ENVR 421 Mark Sobsey. Household Human Wastes and Wastewaters.

is recycled Waste Solids (Sludge) Treatment Treatment of settled solids from 1 o and 2 o sewage treatment Biological “digestion” to biologically stabilize the sludge solids – Anaerobic digestion (anaerobic biodegradation) – Aerobic digestion (aerobic biodegradation) –/conditioner for use on non-edible plants Alternative Biological Treatment of Wastewater: Alternatives for Small and Rural Communities Lagoons, Ponds and Ditches – aerobic, anaerobic and facultative; for smaller communities and farms – enteric /


Presentation Outline  Introduction  Properties and Classification of Hazardous Wastes  Sources, Types and Quantity of Hazardous Wastes Found in MSW.

and the environment from the presence of these materials also are unknown Properties and Classification of Hazardous Waste  Hazardous waste have been defined as wastes or combinations of waste that pose a potential hazard to humans or other living organisms because:  Such wastes are non/ waste constituents found in MSW are  Volatilization  Vapor Pressure  Volatilization  the principal mechanisms leading to the production of the gaseous substances from MSW are volatilization, biodegradation and chemical/


1 © Learning ZoneXpress. 2 Why Get on the Green Fast Track? Safeguard natural resources Cut expenses, cut waste Improve your health Feel good about your.

a biodegradable product today How Fast Items Biodegrade Banana peel – 7 days Paper – 5 months Cotton clothing – 5 months Nylon – 40 years Aluminum cans – 100 years Disposable diapers – 500 years Plastic bottles - never 14 © Learning ZoneXpress Rev Up to Reduce, Reuse and Recycle Reduce trash by using less Reuse items for a longer life Recycle discards for new products Plan to Manage Waste Check/


Wetlands Fundamental mechanisms of wetlands function Characteristics of the water being treated Chemistry Flow Site characteristics (Climate and Topography)

Biodegradation Organics  Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) SettlingOxidation/Biodegradation Hydrocarbons  Fuels, oil and grease, alcohols, BTEX, TPH  PAHs, chlorinated and non- chlorinated Solvents, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides Diffusion/ Volatilization, Settling Photochemical Oxidation Biodegradation/ availability Cost Riparian Buffer Applications  Stormwater Runoff  Municipal Waste Treatment  Mine Drainage  Industrial Waste Treatment  Remedial Wastewater Treatment  Effluent from Landfills  /


WASTE MANAGEMENT Think about your waste disposal from today. What items have you thrown away?

)! Compost Mixture of plants, soil, decomposing matter (food scraps) and decomposers (worms) to make fertilizer Converts yard waste/food scraps into soil Yard waste often makes up more than 15% of a community’s solid waste. Composting can be an effective way of handling biodegradable waste from businesses and homes. If all biodegradable wastes were composted, the amount of solid waste going to landfills could be reduced. In summary…. Simply/


Chapter 19 Waste 19.1 solid Waste 19.2 Reducing Solid Waste 19.3 Hazardous Waste p. 480-503 1.

be buried 4 The Generation of Waste Population and Waste As human pop and amount of waste grows larger the amount of land available per person becomes smaller Getting harder to dispose of the waste we create Average person 4.4lbs per day 5 Not All Waste Are Equal Biodegradable Can be broken down by biological processes Plant and animal matter, newspaper, cotton, leather Non biodegradable- synthetic Chemicals to form compounds/


LEGAL AND FINANCIAL SOLUTIONS FOR HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT Jean-Pierre HANNEQUART Directeur Général IBGE / Président ACR+ KIEV,25-26 NOVEMBER 2013.

(2) CountryLandfill Tax (€/t) Incineration Tax (€/t) Landfill Ban Banned Materials / Wastes Austria(87)/2672004 Biodegradability and other criteria Finland302005 Biodegradable and compostable waste Germany2001 Biodegradability and other criteria Ireland30 In consideration 2009 Waste that is not pre-treated Italy26 2003/ 2007 Biodegradability and other criteria Belgium- Flanders 607 1998/ 2000 Unsorted wastes, sorted and non-sorted wastes for recovery, combustible residual fraction from sorting, combustible/


Organic Chemistry Assignment Make a concept map, timeline or alternative notebook which includes a brief history and the progression of organic chemistry.

sources, which may be broken down by other living organisms. Waste that cannot be broken down by other living organisms may be called non-biodegradable. Biodegradable waste can be commonly found in municipal solid waste (sometimes called biodegradable municipal waste, or BMW) as green waste, food waste, paper waste, and biodegradable plastics. Other biodegradable wastes include human waste, manure, sewage, slaughterhouse waste. Nonbiodegradable Nonbiodegradable Substance that cannot be broken down in the/


All the physical and social conditions surrounding a person. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) is a government agency in charge of protecting our.

increases…. Water Pollution Pollution: accumulation of harmful wastes or other harmful substances into the environment Biodegradable Wastes: Waste that can be broken down by microorganisms. – Only causes pollution if wastes are released more rapidly than they can be decomposed. (ex: raw sewage into a river) Non – partially biodegradable wastes: include motor oil, pesticides, solvents, mercury, arsenic and lead These accumulate in the environment and contaminate organisms. 1. Water Pollutants - Runoff/


GREEN CHEMISTRY What is it? encourages environmentally conscious behaviour reduces and prevents pollution reduces the destruction of the planet.

be biodegradable reduce the risk of explosions and fires RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” Why do it? world resources are running out and are non-renewable we need to reduce the waste/


2.4.7 Green Chemistry Describe principles and discuss issues of chemical sustainability. Understand the importance of establishing international cooperation.

be biodegradable reduce the risk of explosions and fires RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” Why do it? world resources are running out and are non-renewable we need to reduce the waste/


Title: Lesson 11 B.6 Biochemistry and the environment Learning Objectives: – Describe what a Xenobiotic is and give examples – Describe biomagnification.

study in its own right  ‘Chemistry for the environment’  12 principles which include:  Minimizing production waste  Use of safe solvents  Energy efficient processes  Atom economy of processes  Examples:  Food and drink – supercritical carbon dioxide (CO 2 under pressure), can be used as a solvent which is cheap and non-toxic  Bioplastics – plastics derived from corn starch converted into resin by bacteria can replace traditional/


Water Pollution Chapters 13 and 20 Living in the Environment, 11 th Edition, Miller Advanced Placement Environmental Science La Canada High School Dr.

and Water Pollution Water Resources and Water Pollution © Brooks/Cole Publishing Company / ITP Water Resources and Water Pollution by Paul RichWater Resources and Water Pollution by Paul Rich Degradable/Biodegradable Degradable: That can be chemically decomposed: decomposable plastic wastes/water –good breeding grounds for mosquitoes Hydrilla will grow with less light and fewer nutrients, and can out compete other native and non-native plant Fish populations are negatively affected if hydrilla exceeds 30-40%/


Water Pollution Chapters 13 and 20 Living in the Environment, 11 th Edition, Miller Advanced Placement Environmental Science La Canada High School Dr.

and Water Pollution Water Resources and Water Pollution © Brooks/Cole Publishing Company / ITP Water Resources and Water Pollution by Paul RichWater Resources and Water Pollution by Paul Rich Degradable/Biodegradable Degradable: That can be chemically decomposed: decomposable plastic wastes/water –good breeding grounds for mosquitoes Hydrilla will grow with less light and fewer nutrients, and can out compete other native and non-native plant Fish populations are negatively affected if hydrilla exceeds 30-40%/


GREENCHEMISTRY What is it? encourages environmentally conscious behaviour reduces and prevents pollution reduces the destruction of the planet.

be biodegradable reduce the risk of explosions and fires RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” RECYCLING Definition“Recovering resources by collecting, separating, and processing scrap materials and using them as raw materials for manufacturing new products.” Why do it? world resources are running out and are non-renewable we need to reduce the waste/


Bioremediation A technology that encourages growth and reproduction of indigenous microorganisms (bacteria and fungi) to enhance biodegradation of organic.

can remove volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from point sources only. Bioreactors Bioreactors are the third and most technologically sophisticated category of environmental bioremediation. Bioreactors offer a much faster means of waste biodegradation than land treatment and more control over reaction conditions and effluent quality than simple biofilters. Contaminants and Their Effects Increases in environmental contamination lead to a progressive deterioration of environmental quality. The increasing size/


Industries based on Microorganisms, their processes and products Microbial technology/ Industrial Biotechnology In Sri Lanka Professor S. Widanapathirana.

. This includes costs of collection, storage, processing and removal of wastes. Biological process could be interfered by non-digestible materials, radioactive compounds, toxic compounds, high concentration of organic matter etc. An additional cost has to be spent to maintain the process. Rapid increase of urbanization and industrialization. (The rate of waste production is much higher than the rate of biodegradation.) (C) Agricultural Biotechnology (Applications in microbial/


The Aerochamber Technology. The Aerochamber technology is a purpose designed Aerobic Micro Climate chamber Specifically designed for the biodegradation.

Evaluation was carried out in Brisbane Australia in 2009 to evaluate the Biodegradation rate of two different size updated designed Aerochambers, using putrescible waste From the MSW stream The 612 lt Aerochamber Biodegraded 1876 kg of putrescible waste, and produced 519 kg of compost material The 300 lt Aerochamber Biodegraded 876 kg of putrescible waste, and produced 206 kg of compost material Due to a smaller surface to/


Exemption Categories Category 1 – Industrial, farm and residential Category 2 – Storage and processing Category 3 – Permits by Rule Category 4 – Recycling,

Plant materials Animal bedding materials Solids from anaerobic or aerobic digester Food material (including any commingled biodegradable products and biodegradable paper) Agricultural material (including manures) and non-agricultural manures Vegetative material (including any commingled biodegradable products and biodegradable paper) Grass clippings Category 3 – Permits by Rule Permits by Rule for Organics Management Yard waste composting <25% grass clippings by volume <50,000 cy or 10,000 tons on site/


AWAST final meeting - Brussels - 1-3 december 2003 Aid in the management and European comparison of Municipal Solid WASte Treatment methods for a global.

RECYCLING INDUSTRY Bulky Waste SORTING PLANT PET HDPE LDPE PVC Ferrous metals Non-ferrous metals Plastics Glass SANITARY LANDFILL Compost Agriculture Paper/Cardboard Composite Packaging Glass Paper/Cardboard Mixed Waste Undifferentiated Waste Collection COMPOSTING PLANT /1 Anaerobic Digestion plant for 100.000 ton Biowaste /yr and 1 Green Waste Composting plant for 15.000 ton / yr Tratolixo Scenarios Inpact on: Amount of biodegradable matter directed to landfill Costs  LANDFILL DIRECTIVE AWAST final/


Contents Problem Description Objectives Definitions Experimental Work Results and Discussion Conclusion Recommendation.

produces methane gas which could be used as fuel. Further experiments with different values of temperature and pressing period of composite sheets may give wider range of better results. Huge amounts of waste paper Huge amounts of waste LDPE Non Biodegrad- ability of LDPE Reduce amounts of waste Propereties improvment Increase biodegrade- bility of LDPE Problem Objectives Problem Objectives Solution Recycling of paper Using modifying agents Blending/


Welcome Audience. 2 PACKAGING MATERIALS : RESEARCH, ADVANCES AND APPLICATIONS Dr. K. M. GUPTA Retd. Professor (Department of Applied Mechanics) and ex-Dean(Research.

resource efficiency, eliminate the production of waste and reduce environmental impact through improved design and use of alternative materials. 2. INTRODUCTION TO PACKAGING AND ITS FUNCTIONS  Currently, the raw materials used for packaging are petroleum- based, such as polystyrene and polyethylene etc.  Disposal of used packaging products has become an ecological problem owing to their non-degradability.  The utilization of biodegradable packaging materials has greater potential as/


BMA Mission: To promote excellence in the manufacture, sale and use of biobased products and the responsible development of renewable resources.

, etc.) Waste (manure, crop and forest residue, urban biomass waste, food processing waste, etc.) Bacteria (molds, fungi, etc.) Biomass waste fact: “Enough biomass waste is generated annually/Biodegradable foam food containers Biodegradable foam insulation products Films for bags and wraps Compostable shopping bags Biodegradable fast food plates, cups, straws & eating utensils Biodegradable/excellence, new product development and substantial market success in traditional non-biobased product areas. BMA /


Extensive usage of non-biodegradable plastic shopping bags in retail outlets Szilvia Hosser – November 29, 2007 ESPM 4242.

to economy BUT Plastic bags are popular with consumers and retailers Convenient Functional Cheap Hygienic Lightweight Easy to transport food and other products Goals Reduction of non-biodegradable single-use plastic bags used by customers in Minnesota /plastic bags Drastically reduces the number of plastic bags manufactured / imported Plastic bag waste problem solved Problem: Resistance by consumers and business by restricting of choice Evaluation criteria Effectiveness Social acceptability & Equity issues /


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