Ppt on alternative sources of energy vs fossil fuels

Environmental Fiscal Reform in South Africa

cent, and 10 per cent for investments in energy and climate-related R&D, and in the deployment of climate-friendly fuels and technologies”. “This strategy would change the relative price of different forms of energy based on their carbon content, so that people and businesses have strong incentives to shift to alternative and less carbon-intensive fuels, and more energy-efficient technologies – page 7” Laurie Williams and Allan/


Energy Conversion Systems

biochemical processes (like fermentation). Energy Conversion Systems Chapter 28 Energy Conversion Systems Day 2 Day 2 Board of Education wanted energy saving suggestions, here is an Example Letter written to the board of education by South High Eileen Tunis Thermal Energy Converters There are two major applications of thermal energy: - Heat engines. - Space heating. Film Clip Reviewing Energy Converters Heat Engines Fossil-fuel-powered engines burn fuel to produce heat, which is/


Internal Combustion Engines: The Worst Form of Vehicle Propulsion - Except for All the Other Forms A primer on IC engines and their alternatives Paul.

Why theyre designed that way Gasoline vs. diesel vs. gas turbine Lecture 1: Automotive engines, their history and the alternatives Introduction Hydrocarbon-fueled ICEs are the power plant of choice for vehicles in the power / for same energy Somewhat cleaner than gasoline or diesel, but no environmental silver bullet Low energy storage density - 4x lower than gasoline or diesel Lowest CO2 emissions of any fossil fuel source Practical alternatives… discussion points Fischer-Tropsch fuels - liquid hydrocarbons/


GEOG 135 – Economic Geography Professor: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue Hofstra University, Department of Global Studies & Geography Topic 4 – Natural Resources.

reserves. © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue C - ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY 1.Hydropower 2.Hydrogen 3.Biomass 4.Solar 5.Wind © Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue 1. Hydropower Generation ■ Nature Generation of mechanical energy using the flow of water as the energy source. Gravity as source and sun as the “pump”. Requires a large reservoir of water (energy “storage”). 95% energy efficiency. Considered cleaner, less polluting than fossil fuels. Cheapest source of energy: 1 cent per kWh. ■ Utilization Water wheels/


1 Exploring the Future: Energy and the Convergence of the Markets for Fuel, Food & Fibre By Don Roberts Managing Director, CIBC World Markets Inc.

to the Price of Carbon Source: International Energy Agency and CIBC WM Economics Percentage Of Electricity Generated From Renewable and Nuclear Sources In a world of rising carbon prices, B.C.’s electricity prices are relatively protected, and your relative advantage should improve. However, your transportation and heating demand is still exposed.. 15 Four key variables shape the economics of investing in alternative energy: 1.The price of fossil fuels (the main/


Alternative Energy Sources 90% of the energy used today is in the form of fossil fuels. Forms of energy OTHER than fossil fuels are termed “alternative

is in the form of fossil fuels. Forms of energy OTHER than fossil fuels are termed “alternativeenergy sources. Alternative energy sources can be divided into two main categories. 1)Non-renewable energy sources -nuclear power -geothermal power Geothermal Energy: heat energy from the Earth -the conversion of natural heat from the Earth’s interior to heat buildings and generate electricity. -considered a non-renewable source when extraction rates are greater than supply. High vs. Low temp Geothermal Low/


Energy, Power, & Climate Change

animation.gif Energy Sources Where does all this energy come from? Sun Gravitational energy of the sun and the moon Nuclear Energy stored within atoms Earth’s internal heat energy 7 Energy Sources Non-renewable Energy SourcesSources of energy that are finite and are being used up and will eventually be depleted. Coal Oil Natural Gas Nuclear 90% of world’s commercial energy supplied by fossil fuels. From the EIAs 2006 World Energy Statistics Energy Sources Renewable Energy SourcesSources of energy that/


Biobased Industry Center The “other” indirect effects: Alternative Energy and Fossil Fuel Markets James Bushnell, Dept. of Economics, Director, Biobased.

The “other” indirect effects: Alternative Energy and Fossil Fuel Markets James Bushnell, Dept. of Economics, Director, Biobased Industry Center Biobased Industry Center Outline “Local” Carbon Policies and Spillover Problems –Policies for mitigating negative spillovers Biofuels and petroleum market spillovers Implications and Research Questions Biobased Industry Center Options for Extending Carbon Policy Upstream vs. Downstream Regulations –Capping/taxing sources or consumers Border adjustments –Taxing/


24 May 2004World Energy Modeling Global Energy Modeling Dick Lawrence Berlin 2004 Photo from Jim Baldauf.

must rapidly stabilize and then decline, or Massive transition to non-fossil-fuel sources of energy must begin very soon; it may be too late Maximize investment in alternative energy sources, nuclear,... requires diverting a portion of present cheap energy stream away from current uses Reverse current trend of growing inequality; wealth = access to energy = survival 24 May 2004World Energy Modeling Role of Modeling historical per-capita by region – unlike Limits to Growth, include/


Energy Supplies and Climate David Rutledge, Caltech.

GDP vs Electricity Generation — 1985-2011 Electricity from the BP Statistical Review and GDP from the World Bank (Russian GDP from 1989 on) Ratio $3.67/kWh is relatively stable with time and across countries China, Russia, Australia, US, Canada are below the line — coal producers 9 Fossil-Fuel Energy Independence Fossil-fuel independence is the ratio of production to consumption for oil, gas, and coal Source is/


Energy and the New Reality, Volume 1: Energy Efficiency and the Demand for Energy Services Chapter 3: Electricity from Fossil Fuels L. D. Danny Harvey.

Cycle (IGCC) Natural gas turbines and combined cycle Diesel and natural gas reciprocating engines Fuel cells Technical issues related to electricity from fossil fuels Full load efficiency Part-load efficiency Rates of increase of output Impact of temperature on output Auxiliary energy use Figure 3.3 Generation of electricity from a conventional, pulverized-coal powerplant Source: Hoffert et al (2002, Science 298, 981-987) The upper limit to the/


Nonrenewable and Renewable Energy

the Sun and Earth The Sun is the ultimate source of almost all types of energy, including Biomass (depletable) Hydroelectric (non depletable) Wind (non depletable) Solar (non depletable) Earth Creates Geothermal(non depletable) Modern Carbon vs. Fossil Carbon It is better to burn biomass such as wood rather than a fossil fuel such as coal. Modern Carbon vs. Fossil Carbon The carbon found in biomass is modern carbon: Existed in/


CPA Presented to AIChE, Metro New York Section New York Institute of Technology, Gallery 61 Studio 16 West 61st Street - 11th Floor (61st Street and Broadway),

Biochemical Pyrolysis Proven commercial equipment exists for biofuels from ligno-cellulosics Thermochemical Rx Equipment & Biochem. Pyrolysis Source: European Biofuels Technical Platform- Biofuel STP.EU CPA 1 st Generation Biofuels  Ethanol- Clean burning/ We continue to undergo an extended period of energy transition and economic uncertainty  Uncertainties also continue to surround the future of fossil fuels vs. alternative approaches and the resulting energy costs  Although we know another oil shortage/


Final Exam Review Part 1. Motion (questions 1-3) The definition of motion is any change in position.

Kinetic vs Potential Energy Which kind of energy is often called “The energy of motion?” Kinetic Energy Which is often called the energy of position? Gravitational Potential Energy Energy (#55) The wise use of energy is called: Conservation Why is this important? We are running out of fossil fuels (among other reasons) Fossil Fuels (#56-57) Three Types of Fossil Fuels – Coal – Natural Gas – Petroleum (oil) Only coal is comes only from plants Alternative Energy (#58) Name 4 more sources of alternative energy/


1 The Economics of Sustainable Development (2014) Lecture 3 World Energy Scenarios: main issues and policy options Alessandro Vercelli University of Siena.

: E/Y - prompt shift towards alternative energy sources as soon as structural shortages of fossil fuels will emerge 9 Energy intensity Fig. 2: energy intensity by region toe 1000$ GDP ($1995 PPP) source: IEA (2004) 10 Secular patterns of energy intensity Fig 4: energy intensity in selected countries source: Colombo (1992) 11 Energy intensity in China Taking account -of the secular pattern of energy intensity in the other countries -and of the stage of development reached by China (as/


Energy Presentation Things needed Things needed Renewable vs non-renewable Renewable vs non-renewable Primary uses Primary uses How was the source created,

and the other 1% comes mostly from burning fossil fuels. Solar energy indirectly supports wind power, hydropower, and biomass. Solar energy indirectly supports wind power, hydropower, and biomass. About 76% of the commercial energy we use comes from nonrenewable fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal) with the remainder coming from renewable sources. About 76% of the commercial energy we use comes from nonrenewable fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal) with the/


Falcon Focus LIST THE EARTH LAYERS IN ORDER AND EXPLAIN THE SINIFIGANCE OF EACH ONE OF THEM (6).LIST THE EARTH LAYERS IN ORDER AND EXPLAIN THE SINIFIGANCE.

oil) have become an important conservational and political topics over the past 25 years. Alternate energy sources such as wind, water, and solar have been investigated, but only a fraction of the U.S.’s energy comes from these alternate sources. Energy resources: A major natural resource that all Americans rely on is petroleum fuel (oil or natural gas). Petroleum is an earth material that forms within the Earth/


Chapter 17: Energy: Some Basics. Energy Crisis in Ancient Greece and Rome Greeks and Romans used wood to heat there homes. –As local supplies ran out.

billion per year went to R and D for the military. Energy Policy Act of 2005 Some of the provisions are as follows. –1. Promotes conventional energy sources –2. Promotes nuclear power –3. Encourages alternative energy –4. Promotes conservation measures –5. Promotes research –6. Provides for energy infrastructure Hard Path vs. Soft Path Hard path involves finding greater amounts of fossil fuels and building larger power plants. –Continuing the past emphasis on/


Slide 1 www.kostic.niu.edu Some Challenges in Thermoscience Research and Application Potentials Energy Ecology Economy Prof. M. Kostic Mechanical Engineering.

-all average 165 W/m2 However, regardless of imminent shortages of fossil fuels, the outlook for future energy needs is encouraging. Energy conservation “with existing technology” (insulation, regeneration, cogeneration and optimization with energy storage) has real immediate potential to substantially reduce energy dependence on fossil fuels and enable use of alternative and renewable energy sources. There are many diverse and abundant energy sources with promising future potentials, so that mankind should/


Final Review LCHS 2013. Which type of rock listed below covers the majority of the Earth’s land surface? I. Igneous II. Metamorphic III. Sedimentary A.

. coal 61 Answer: B Energy quality can be thought of as energy density. The less energy that is contained in a given volume, the lower its energy quality. When fossil fuels were created millions of years ago, solar energy was converted into chemical energy and then concentrated into small volumes. This gives these fuels a high energy density, thus high-quality energy. Which of the following is NOT an anthropogenic source of atmospheric sulfur? A. oil/


Energy Sources Fossil Fuels And Alternative Fuels.

Tidal Energy from the oceans Energy from the oceans Wind Wind Alternative Renewable Energy Sources Use of Energy Resources Fossil fuels are used more than any other energy source in the world. Fossil fuels are used more than any other energy source in the world. Petroleum (oil)34.4% Petroleum (oil)34.4% Coal24.4% Coal24.4% Natural Gas21.1% Natural Gas21.1% Renewable13.5% Renewable13.5% Nuclear 6.5% Nuclear 6.5% Reserves vs. Resources/


Alternative Energy Sources 90% of the energy used today is in the form of fossil fuels. Forms of energy OTHER than fossil fuels are termed “alternative

fuels. Forms of energy OTHER than fossil fuels are termed “alternativeenergy sources. Alternative energy sources can be divided into two main categories. 1) Renewable Energy Sources geothermal Solar Wind Ocean Water Biomass 2) Non-renewable energy sources nuclear power Geothermal Energy : heat energy from the Earth - the conversion of natural heat from the Earth’s interior to heat buildings and generate electricity. - considered a non-renewable source when extraction rates are greater than supply. High vs/


K43: The Thermodynamic Limitations of Economic Policy Action Richard Nolthenius, PhD How drastic must policy actions be? Is our goal to merely slow the.

scenario… Garrett’s CThERM model runs vs. range of assumed resilience of civilization to Climate Change: On this /alternative based on renewable energy flows is a task that will require decades of expensive commitment. It is the work of generations of/energy sources, and that in fact renewables now are simply globally being used on top of fossil fuels (i.e. the unabatted prime directive to engage any and all energy sources continues)…. Jacobson’s response was: silence. Since Jacobson is now the darling of/


ViTAL Economy Alliance

and India will account for 80% of the demand Source: World Energy Outlook 2006 One quadrillion BTUs is equivalent to two million barrels oil per day How Global Energy Demand is Being Met Although use of alternative energy sources are growing dramatically, coal and other fossil fuels continue to dominate Source: Global Energy Network Institute & Exxon/Mobil Liquid Energy Fuels Growth: 950% in 30 years Unconventional liquid fuels will help compensate for an expected shortfall/


A Tool for Energy Planning and GHG Mitigation Assessment

GHG reductions of 40% in 2020 and 90% in 2050 vs. 1990 levels. Examines radical improvements in energy efficiency, accelerated retirement of fossil fuels and a dramatic shift toward renewables. Also examines the role of sufficiency and greater/met by cheap incandescent bulbs. Transformation: growth in demand met by new fossil fired generating capacity. Alternative Case Demand: DSM programs increase the penetration of efficient (but more expensive) fluorescent lighting. Transformation: Slower growth in /


How fossil fuel CO 2 uncertainty impacts estimates of carbon exchange and variability Kevin Gurney, Yang Song, Jianhua Huang, Kevin Coltin, Alex Garden.

distance biases are unacceptable Use of power plants as “standalone” data sources in global FFCO2 estimation requires better accuracy Global Fossil Fuel CO 2 Emission Inventories  Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) UN energy data from annual energy surveys  International Energy Agency (IEA) Annual IEA energy surveys and UN energy data for non-member nations Sectoral approach (bottom up) vs. Reference approach (top down)  Energy Information Administration (EIA) EIA’s review/


3.1 Module 3 Mitigation Options a.General considerations b.Industry c.Buildings d.Transport e.Energy supply f.Solid waste and wastewater g.Land-use, land-use.

, buildings, agriculture; power generation) New or improved technologies for utilizing alternative energy sources with lower or no GHG emissions (such as natural gas and renewables) Technologies for CO 2 capture and storage (for large-scale industrial processes like electric power generation and fuels production) 3.4 Technology Policies Have Reduced the Cost of GHG-Friendly Energy Systems 20000 10000 5000 1000 100 10100 100010000 100000 1982/


MODULE 14. “Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)”

rapid depletion of fossil fuels developed it as an approach to understanding the impacts of energy consumption. In the early 1970’s, LCA’s concentrated mainly on energy and raw/of paper products with alternatives. This section intended to highlight problems encountered when using LCA to compare different products with the same function. Examples of product comparison are presented in the next tables. At the time this study were performed, there was no well-accepted methodology. Product Comparison : Paper vs/


Energy from Fossil Fuels

of energy demand Electrical power production Electrical power: the amount of work done by an electric current over a given time Most energy we use comes from fossil fuels Energy carrier: the electricity itself that transfers energy from a primary energy source (coal, water power) to the point of/Developed alternative energy sources Created a strategic oil reserve in Louisiana to store 702 million barrels of oil (33 days of oil at 21 million barrels/day use) …but have we really attempted to conserve energy? /


Hazardous Waste and Tire Incineration in the U.S. and Mexican Cement Industries: Environmental and Health Problems Mike Ewall and Katy Nicholson Energy.

-Winfield_en.pdf) Making Cement Entire process is environmentally destructive –Extraction and mining of limestone –Transportation of materials –Combustion in kilns –Toxic ash (cement kiln dust) Cement Kilns –Very energy-intensive, especially wet kilns. –Major air pollution sources, even when only burning fossil fuels. Worse when burning tires or hazardous waste. Cement Production Process Extraction of prime materials: limestone (70%) and other materials like clay, aluminum oxide, iron/


Chapter Menu Chapter Introduction Lesson 1Lesson 1Forms of Energy Lesson 2Lesson 2Energy Transformations Lesson 3Lesson 3Energy Resources Chapter Wrap-Up.

Guide - Vocab nonrenewable energy resource fossil fuel renewable energy resource inexhaustible energy resource Energy Resources Lesson 3-1 Almost all the energy you use can be traced back to the Sun. A small amount of energy that reaches Earth’s surface comes from inside Earth. Sources of Energy Lesson 3-2 Most of the electric energy you use comes from electric power plants, which transform the energy in an energy source into electric energy. One source of energy comes from burning/


Environmental Science

ADVANTAGE: produces least amount of air pollution of fossil fuels and burns the hottest DISADVANTAGE: least available of all fossil fuels Fossil Fuels and the Future Fossil fuels supply ~90% energy used in developed countries As demand for energy resources increases, cost of fossil fuels will likely increase This will make other energy sources more attractive Planning for energy we will use in the future is important because it takes many years for a new source of energy to make a significant/


Publisher: Earthscan, UK Homepage:

and socio-economic circumstances of each region Comparison with fossil fuels Heating value ranges from 14 GJ/t (sugar cane, straw) to 18-20 GJ/t (air-dried wood), compared to 28-31 GJ/t for coal This makes biomass bulky and more expensive to transport (in both dollar and energy terms) than coal Table 4.3: Biomass energy resource categories Source: Hoogwijk (2003, Biomass and/


Alternative Energy Nuclear Justin Borevitz 1/10/07 Just let it happen

net benefit) Challenge: estimating major external costs for alternative sources of energy Importance of inclusion of external costs Including external costs makes any particular energy source look less attractive What is of importance is not cost estimate of any particular source, but the comparison across sources Not including external costs unfairly penalizes renewable sources of energy because of the generally high external costs of fossil-fuel use Diverse Prairies Remove & Store Carbon Diverse plots/


Energy and the Environment Renewable Resources and Alternative Energy.

energy (heat vs. electricity). Dependent on home location and orientation. Hydropower Largest form of alternative energy used About 20 % of the world’s electricity is produced by hydropower. The countries that lead the world in hydroelectric energy are/ that is used as an energy source Fossil fuels are organic and can be thought of as biomass energy sources, but fossil fuels are nonrenewable. Renewable biomass fuels, such as wood and dung, are major sources of energy in developing countries. Although wood/


ENERGY CONVERSION MME 9617a Eric Savory Lecture 1 - Introduction

on imported oil? Can nuclear, renewable, and other non-fossil energy resources be deployed quickly enough to make a difference? End use of energy forms Thermal Electrical Electromagnetic Chemical fuels for transportation fuels for industrial processes Electrochemical Mechanical ( KE or PE ) for power Primary energy sources Nuclear fission and fusion Solar radiation Chemical reactions, e.g. combustion of fossil and biomass fuels Gravitational forces, planetary motion, and friction ( tides, waves and/


Global Warming and Our Energy Future Dennis Silverman Physics and Astronomy U C Irvine www.physics.uci.edu/~silverma/ gwenergy.ppt.

coal and tar sands may be expensive enough to make the cost of energy the primary consideration in everything. Global warming will continue until we drop fossil fuel use to a small fraction of its present rate. The costs of relocation, substitution, extreme weather, increased deaths, and diminishing fuel will soon exceed the costs of developing alternate energy sources. The sooner we act in research and development, and conservation and conversion/


Efficiency in the Energy Industry of China By Shereen McCurter.

costly and less opportune to recover than the resources in hydrocarbon fields. Advantages of Natural Gas Lowest emissions, of all the fossil fuels, natural gas is one of the cleanest-burning fuels. Lowest emissions, of all the fossil fuels, natural gas is one of the cleanest-burning fuels. High efficiency High efficiency Low energy-intensive product Low energy-intensive product Alternative Sources of Energy Solar, Wind and Hydroelectric Solar, Wind and Hydroelectric China is expected to be/


From the last lecture: U.S. total energy consumption:U.S. transport energy consumption: Product of two numbers = ~ 20% of total U.S. energy consumption.

of mobile sinkable reactors Other “clean” alternative? Hydrogen, but we’d need vastly cheaper sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NS_Savannah An Introduction to Sustainable Energy Systems: www.virlab.virginia.edu/Energy_class/Energy_class.htm So in terms of/ electric car design? For fossil-fuel-plant-charged electric car, onboard 60% conversion is misleading NET fossil fuel energy conversion rate is one third of that ~ Same as gas-fueled car An Introduction to Sustainable Energy Systems: www.virlab.virginia/


The Myth of Green Jobs & Other Myths of Climate Change Mark Partridge Swank Professor in Rural Urban Policy The Ohio State University www.aede.osu.edu/programs/Swank.

be many times more expensive. If so, alternative energy will not be sustainable. A bloated alternative energy sector implies that it won’t be competitive!!!! 15 Fossil Fuels: Coal-based Electricity We need an assessment of fossil fuel productivity to benchmark what is needed for Green energy. Whatever the source, we will have some sort of distribution network. So, I will focus on the base source. Montana & Wyoming Coal Mining—why, these are/


Fossil Fuels vs. Alternative Energy. What is Fossil Fuel? Microorganisms are buried and decay Formed millions to hundreds of millions of years ago Supply.

impurities that cause pollution Examples of Fossil Fuels: Extreme emissions and pollution  Petroleum (oil)  Used to fuel vehicles  Coal  Powers electricity plants More examples: Fossil Fuels considered to be less harmful than oil…. But still limited in supply. ► Natural Gas ► Propane  Domestically abundant (in the USA) Fossil Fuel Dependence Fossil Fuel Dependence Alternative Sources of Energy Options to replace fossil fuels Options to replace fossil fuels Solutions to solve environmental problems/


Energy and the New Reality, Volume 2: C-Free Energy Supply Chapter 3: Wind Energy L. D. Danny Harvey This.

heights within the first 100-200 m. An alternative mathematical representation of the variation of wind speed with height is using a power /fossil fuel output - reduction in the efficiency of the fossil fuel powerplant when wind is added (either because it is operating at lower average load and thus less efficiency, or because of larger swings in output) Figure 3.40 Wasted wind energy potential as a function of wind energy penetration for Danish conditions Source: Redlinger et al (2002, Wind Energy/


FLORIDA’S EFFORTS TO DEVELOP A RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARD Florida Department of Environmental Protection Central District 13 th Annual Power Generation.

end of 2020) Changed the mix of eligible sources to include nuclear energy and fossil fuel with CCS – Clean Energy Portfolio StandardChanged the mix of eligible sources to include nuclear energy and fossil fuel with CCS – Clean Energy Portfolio Standard No more than 25% of the required amount of clean energy each year could come from nuclear/fossil fuel with CCS sourcesNo more than 25% of the required amount of clean energy each year could come from nuclear/fossil fuel with CCS sources Passed/


Dr Stefan Krause, Keele University, C-Change in GEES: Human Pressures on the Environment – Energy C-Change in GEES Human Pressures.

subject In moving away from a reliance on fossil fuels there are many pros and cons of alternative energy to be weighed up and countless stakeholder groups each with a different interest in promoting a particular technology Issues of environmental justice in planning and locating energy production are of key importance Different approaches to energy demand: meet growing demand with cleaner fuel vs reduce demand Security in supply as well as/


Presentation Format Different various types of Energy sources currently available to us. Explain what each source is How the sources are used How they.

is then sent out to the grid. Renewable VS Fossil Fuels Even though renewable, and alternate energy sources are a possible solution to our current energy crisis, the fact is that as of right now they only provide about seven percent (5%) of the worlds energy needs. This means that non renewable sources, (and nuclear energy), are currently supplying ninety-three percent (95%) of the worlds energy resources. At this rate, some estimates say/


Geologic Resources: Part 2. Alternative Energy Types Fossil Fuels – Limited supply Alternative energy—any alternative to fossil fuels – Nuclear (non-renewable)

Geologic Resources: Part 2 Alternative Energy Types Fossil Fuels – Limited supply Alternative energy—any alternative to fossil fuels – Nuclear (non-renewable) – Wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric Nuclear Fuels Nuclear fuels are any material that can be used to create nuclear energy – Non-renewable – Most common nuclear fuels Uranium-235 Plutonium-239 Enriched Uranium Billet A note on Uranium… Naturally occurring uranium – Mix of isotopes U-238, U-235, U-233 Only.7% U-235 Need 3/


ENERGY CONVERSION ES 832a Eric Savory www.eng.uwo.ca/people/esavory/es832.htm Lecture 1 - Introduction Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering.

on imported oil? Can nuclear, renewable, and other non- fossil energy resources be deployed quickly enough to make a difference? End use of energy forms Thermal Electrical Electromagnetic Chemical –fuels for transportation –fuels for industrial processes Electrochemical Mechanical ( KE or PE ) for power Primary energy sources Nuclear fission and fusion Solar radiation Chemical reactions, e.g. combustion of fossil and biomass fuels Gravitational forces, planetary motion, and friction (  tides, waves and/


Final Exam Review Part 1. Motion (questions 1-3) The definition of motion is any change in position. This is expressed as distance or displacement. It.

Kinetic vs Potential Energy Which kind of energy is often called “The energy of motion?” Kinetic Energy Which is often called the energy of position? Gravitational Potential Energy Energy (#55) The wise use of energy is called: Conservation Why is this important? We are running out of fossil fuels (among other reasons) Fossil Fuels (#56-57) Three Types of Fossil Fuels – Coal – Natural Gas – Petroleum (oil) Only coal is comes only from plants Alternative Energy (#58) Name 4 more sources of alternative energy/


CHAPTER 12: ENERGY FROM FOSSIL FUELS ∙ Introduction- ANWR Section 12. 1- Energy Sources and Uses ∙ Section 12. 2- Exploiting Crude Oil ∙ Section 12. 3-

can be turned on/off. Base load vs. peak-load power sources. Primary energy: Coal, waterpower, etc. 3 units of primary power to generate 1 unit of electrical energy. Electrical energy is a clean energy at the point of its use, but the creation of it still causes pollution in the burning of fossil fuels that run the generators that create the energy. Matching Sources to Uses: Primary energy use is commonly divided into four categories/


Alternative Energy Sources. World Wide Energy Production 15.2% alternative 84.8% fossil fuels.

% alternative 84.8% fossil fuels U.S. Energy Consumption The four primary consumers of energy in the U.S. in 2007 were Industrial32% Transportation28% Residential22% Commercial18% 93% of the energy generated and used in the U.S. are from nonrenewable resources Energy & Society Without energy, Life would not be possible Energy not only powers modern technologies including transportation, etc., but is also necessary to power living organisms (people, animals, plants, etc.) Sources of Energy/


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