Ppt on allotropes of carbon free download

Organization of the Periodic Table Metals Alkalis Alkali Metals Alkali Earth Metals Transition Metals Iron Triad Coinage Metals Inner Transition Metals.

. Form both ionic bonds (metal + nonmetal) and covalent bonds (nonmetal + nonmetal). Noble gases (group 18) are the only group that contains only nonmetals. Allotropes Different forms of the same element but with different structures. The atoms are bonded together differently. Carbon has three allotropes. Graphite – carbon atoms bonded in a flat plane. Used as a lubricant and in pencils. Diamond – complex 3D hard and clear/


Periodic Table of the Elements

.0 °C (5100.15 °K, 8720.6 °F) What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Solids: Structures and Applications

are larger than typical molecular solids, smaller than network covalent solids. Allotropes of Carbon Allotropes – different molecular structures of an element. Allotropes of carbon Diamond: Network covalent solid. All carbon atoms sp3 hybridized; tetrahedral configuration. Hard; nonconductive; high m.p. Allotropes of Carbon (cont.) Graphite: Two-dimensional covalent network of sp2 hybridized carbon atoms in sheets of fused 6-membered rings. Sheets held together by dispersion forces. Soft; good lubricant/


Differences between States of Matter PropertySolidLiquidGas ShapeDefiniteVariableVariable VolumeDefiniteDefiniteVariable Expands w/heating Very Slightly.

same element. Different structures with different properties. Diamond and graphite are both forms of carbon. Diamond and graphite are both forms of carbon. Oxygen (O 2 ) and ozone (O 3 ) are both allotropes of oxygen. Oxygen (O 2 ) and ozone (O 3 ) are both allotropes of oxygen. l Diamond and graphite are both allotropes of carbon. HONClBrIF http://apollo.lsc.vsc.edu/~wintelsw/MET1010LOL/chapter02/compounds_molecules.jpg The top row are/


Periodic Table of the Elements

.0 °C (5100.15 °K, 8720.6 °F) What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Neat and Discrete Carbon Nanoparticles

Electrical conductivity decreases because electron orbital changes with decreased particle size Lesson 3.1 Carbon Chemistry The molecular geometry is related to bond number and type of bond (single, double, and triple) The requirement of four bonds and their alternate resonance structures is most significant in the formation of carbon allotropes Different allotropes can have very different physical and chemical properties Unit 3 Lesson 2 Fullerenes and/


Periodic Table of the Elements Lr 103 No 102 Md 101 Fm 100 Es 99 Cf 98 Bk 97 Cm 96 Am 95 Pu 94 Np 93 U 92 Pa 91 Th 90 Lu 71 Tm 69 Yb 70 Er 68 Ho 67 Dy.

Configuration C = 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Si Lecture 13. IVA group. Carbon and Silicon and their compounds. PhD Halina Falfushynska.

, pure silicon has a gray color and a metallic luster. Silicon is rather strong, very brittle, and prone to chipping. Silicon, like carbon and germanium, crystallizes in a diamond cubic crystal structure. The physical properties of Carbon vary widely with the allotropic form. For example, diamond is highly transparent, while graphite is opaque and black. Diamond is among the hardest materials known, while graphite/


Nonmetals Ashton Lokar AP Chem. The Nonmetals are: Hydrogen (H) Hydrogen (H) Helium(He) Helium(He) Carbon (C) Carbon (C) Nitrogen (N) Nitrogen (N) Oxygen.

Nonmetals Ashton Lokar AP Chem The Nonmetals are: Hydrogen (H) Hydrogen (H) Helium(He) Helium(He) Carbon (C) Carbon (C) Nitrogen (N) Nitrogen (N) Oxygen (O) Oxygen (O) Fluorine (F) Fluorine (F) Neon(Ne) Neon(Ne) Phosphorus (P) Phosphorus/By definition allotropy is when two or more structural forms of an element in the same phase occur in a reaction Ex. 2O3(g) -> 3O2(g) Ex. 2O3(g) -> 3O2(g) Phosphorus has several allotropes Phosphorus has several allotropes 2 most common: red phosphorus and white phosphorus 2/


Chapter 20: Carbon and Hydrocarbons 20.1 – Abundance and Importance of Carbon 20.2 – Organic Compounds 20.3 – Saturated Hydrocarbons 20.4 – Unsaturated.

. This bonding results in a tetrahedral shape. Allotropes of Carbon Carbon occurs in several solid allotropic forms that have dramatically different properties. Diamond – Colorless, crystalline, solid form of carbon Graphite – soft, black, crystalline form of carbon that is a fair conductor of electricity. Fullerenes – dark colored solids made of spherically networked carbon atom cages Allotropes of Carbon - Diamond The hardest material known to man Carbon atoms are bonded covalently in a network fashion/


Allotropes of Carbon Topic 4.2. Covalent Crystalline Solids There are substances which have a crystalline structure in which all the atoms are linked.

linked together by covalent bonds. Effectively, the crystal is a single molecule with a regular repeating pattern of covalent bonds, so is often referred to as a giant molecular structure or a macromolecule. Allotropes of Carbon Allotropes are different forms of an element in the same physical state. Carbon has three allotropes: graphite, diamond, and fullerene. Different bonding within these structures give rise to distinct forms with different/


Periodic Table of the Elements Lr 103 No 102 Md 101 Fm 100 Es 99 Cf 98 Bk 97 Cm 96 Am 95 Pu 94 Np 93 U 92 Pa 91 Th 90 Lu 71 Tm 69 Yb 70 Er 68 Ho 67 Dy.

Configuration C = 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Periodic Table of the Elements The Atom and Periodic Table Chemistry: Unit 7.

Configuration C = 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Chapter 16 The Periodic Table

will have 2 Neutrons. If you were to take an average of all of the Hydrogen atoms in your sample, the atomic mass would reflect the different Isotopes present and be 1.008 AMU’s. Allotropes Some Elements can exist in different forms Allotropes of Oxygen Elemental Oxygen - O1 Molecular Oxygen - O2 Ozone - O3 Carbon Allotropes Diamond Graphite Dmitri Mendeleev - 1869 Mendeleev was born in Siberia, Russia/


The Elements Chapter 7.

as proteins? Explain why noble gases were among the last naturally occurring elements to be discovered. What is an allotrope? Describe two allotropes of carbon. Compare the physical and chemical properties of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine. How do a mineral and an ore differ? Although carbon and lead are in the same group, one is a nonmetal and one is a metal. Explain how two/


Chapter 13 States of Matter. Kinetic Theory as Applied to Gases 1.The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard spheres with an insignificant.

it. Unit Cell – the smallest group of particles within a crystal that retains the geometric shape of the crystal Crystal Systems A crystal lattice is a repeating array of unit cells. Ex: wallpaper Allotropes Allotropes – two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state. Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon Even though allotropes are composed of atoms of the same element, they have different properties/


Chapter 9 “States of Matter”. Section 9.1 The Nature of Gases OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVES: Describe the assumptions of the “kinetic theory” as it applies to.

in hollow cages like a soccer ball Allotropes of Carbon Section 9.7 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular/


Periodic Table of the Elements Lr 103 No 102 Md 101 Fm 100 Es 99 Cf 98 Bk 97 Cm 96 Am 95 Pu 94 Np 93 U 92 Pa 91 Th 90 Lu 71 Tm 69 Yb 70 Er 68 Ho 67 Dy.

Configuration C = 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2 What is Carbon? Carbon is a member of group 14 of the periodic table. It has three allotropic forms of it, diamonds, graphite and fullerite. Carbon-14 is commonly used in radioactive dating. Carbon occurs in all organic life and is the basis of organic chemistry. Carbon has the interesting chemical property of being able to bond with itself, and a wide variety/


Growing Crystals Background and Sulfur Lab. Crystal -Review Definition: group of atoms that form a particular repeating pattern Definition: group of atoms.

polymorphism Examples: Examples: Carbon – diamond, graphite, buckyballs Carbon – diamond, graphite, buckyballs Oxygen – O 2 (atmospheric) and O 3 (ozone) Oxygen – O 2 (atmospheric) and O 3 (ozone) Iron – BCC to FCC transition at high temperatures Iron – BCC to FCC transition at high temperatures Allotropes of Sulfur Sulfur forms more than 30 types of allotropes! Sulfur forms more than 30 types of allotropes! rhombicamorphous monoclinic Allotropes of Carbon buckyball Supplementary Slides Crystalline/


States of Matter Chapter 5 Standard 4 c/sections/spec3.3.htm.

Usually insoluble but soluble if polar to form H-bonds weak intermolecular (covalent w/in molecule) Carbon nanoparticles Graphite and diamond are not the only allotropes of carbon Fullerene Graphene fullerenes Fullerene is allotrope of carbon in form of hollow spheres Each C atom bonded to 3 other C atoms Rings of C atoms arranged in hexagons and pentagons First one discovered was C 60 called buckminsterfullerene Common name/


Chapter 16 The Main-Group Elements. Atomic Properties Properties of elements is based valence-shell electron configurations. Five atomic properties: 1.atomic.

organic matter in the absence of air. The very high specific surface area (2000 m 2 ·g -1 ) enables it to remove organic impurities from liquids and gases in air purifiers, gas masks, and aquarium water filters as well as water purification plants. Group 4A: Carbon Family graphite diamond fullerenes Graphite is the most stable solid allotropes. Group 4A: Carbon Family The chemical and/


C3 Spaced Learning.

melting point – because Slippery – Conducts electricity – Nanotubes are used in new drug delivery systems because Nanotubes can be used as catalysts as Diamond, graphite and fullerenes are allotropes of carbon because they are all made of carbon atoms, but the atoms are arranged differently which gives them different properties Diamond Jewellery – shiny and attractive Cutting tools – hard Does not conduct electricity All the electrons are/


Chemistry is both physical and chemical - physical attractive forces 1.Understanding physical structure of substances is very important in understanding.

double C=C bonds Not planar, each is C tetrahedral Planar, each C is trigonal planar Allotropes of Carbon C 60 - Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 to Professor Robert F. Curl, Jr., Rice University, Houston, USA, Professor Sir Harold/general, the stronger the physical attraction: The higher the melting & boiling point for the substance Why is graphite (allotrope of pure carbon) used as a lubricant? Every carbon atom in graphite is trigonal planar in geometry. Graphite as network covalent solid has a Mp = 3000°C, Bp/


It’s a solid and a nonmetal… Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12 Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12 Element Symbol: C Element name: Carbon Element Symbol:

: 6 Atomic Mass: 12 Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12 Element Symbol: C Element name: Carbon Element Symbol: C Element name: Carbon Carbon’s 2 nd Allotropic Form Amorphous is formed out of carbonization of organic and fossil matter buried deep into the earth under high pressure with very limited supply of air. For example: coal it is common variety is bituminous which is like hard stone and/


Classifying Matter Compounds -substances made up entirely of the same molecule. molecule- 2 or more atoms bonded together. molecule- 2 or more atoms.

7 diatomic elements are hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine Allotropes allotrope -one of the different molecular forms of an element allotrope -one of the different molecular forms of an element oxygen has 2 allotropes oxygen has 2 allotropes O 2 and O 3 (ozone) O 2 and O 3 (ozone) carbon has several allotropes carbon has several allotropes graphite, diamond, buckyball (found in soot) graphite, diamond, buckyball (found in soot/


Chapter 13 States of Matter. The Nature of Gases Kinetic Kinetic – means motion Kinetic Energy Kinetic Energy – the energy an object has because of its.

than one form. Ex: carbon One crystalline form of carbon – graphite Another crystalline form of carbon - diamond The physical properties of diamond and graphite are quite different. Diamond – high density and hard Graphite – low density, soft and slippery Allotropes Allotropes Allotropes – two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state. Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon Even though allotropes are composed of atoms of the same element, they have/


Energy. Carbon  Atomic number : 6  Group: IV  Most common isotope: C 12  Electron configuration: 2,4  Bonding: covalent.

number : 6  Group: IV  Most common isotope: C 12  Electron configuration: 2,4  Bonding: covalent AllotropesAllotropes are forms of the same element (in the same physical state) which have distinctly different physical properties (eg: colour, density, hardness)  Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon.  Allotropes have different physical properties because the atoms are joined in different ways to form molecules or crystals Diamond  Covalent network structure/


Chapter 3.7 Pages 64 – 70. Learning outcomes State the energy changes that occur when solids melt and liquids vaporise Explain the values of enthalpy.

are held weakly together by van der Waals forces, not covalent bonds. Properties of graphite Allotropes of carbon Other allotropes of carbon Buckminsterfullerene is one type of fullerene. It contains 60 carbon atoms, each of which is bonded to three others by two single bonds and one double bond. Carbon nanotubes are another type of fullerene. They are cylindrical carbon molecules. They have many potential applications, such as transporting drugs around the body/


The Nature of Solids. General Properties Orderly… Orderly… Repeating… Repeating… arrangement of particles Fixed location Fixed location geometric geometric.

same element in the same physical state but different properties. Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state but different properties. Only a few elements have allotropes: Only a few elements have allotropes: Carbon, Phosphorous, Sulfur, and Oxygen Carbon, Phosphorous, Sulfur, and Oxygen Metalloids : Boron and Antimony Metalloids : Boron and Antimony Non-Crystalline Solids A amorphous solid/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter”

pencil 3. Buckminsterfullerene (also called “buckyballs”) arranged in hollow cages like a soccer ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only , and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Not all solids are crystalline, but instead are amorphous Section 13.3/


INTRODUCTION TO THE WORLD OF CARBON. TARGET AUDIENCE CLASS :IX AND X AGE GROUP :13 TO 15 YEARS.

to form substances with very different properties. In diamond, the atoms form a three-dimensional network extending throughout the whole of a crystal. Because of this structure it is the hardest substance known. ALLOTROPES OF CARBON DIAMOND1. ALLOTROPES OF CARBON Graphite is made up of layers of carbon, consisting of hexagonal rings of atoms. The layers can slide over each other easily, so that graphite can even be used as a lubricant. 2/


Elements, Atoms & Ions Chapter 4

with different physical properties, these are called allotropes the different physical properties arise from the different arrangements of the atoms in the solid Allotropes of Carbon include diamond graphite buckminsterfullerene 21 Figure 4.18a: The three solid elemental (allotropes) forms of carbon Figure 4.18b: The three solid elemental (allotropes) forms of carbon Figure 4.18c: The three solid elemental (allotropes) forms of carbon Electrical Nature of Matter Most common pure substances are very poor/


Introduction to Organic Chemistry and Alkanes. Organic Chemistry Molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, and a few other elements (oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur,

carbon atoms. 3 allotropes of carbon (forms of an element that have the same physical state but different properties) 1. Diamond 2. Graphite 3. Buckminsterfullerene 3 Allotropes of Carbon 1. Diamond –A large 3-dimensional network of carbon-to-carbon bonds -results in an extremely hard substance 3 Allotropes of Carbon 2. Graphite -Planar layers of carbon-to-carbon bonds that extend in 2-dimensions -Planar units slide over one another 3 Allotropes of Carbon 3. Buckminsterfullerene - “Buckey Ball” -60 Carbon/


What Is Carbon ? What Is Carbon ? CARBON is the chemical element with symbol C and atomic number 6. As a member of group 14 on the periodic table, it.

ring or cyclic, such as CYCLOHEXANE. GRAPHITEDIAMOND Allotropy or allotropism is the property of some chemical elements to exist in two or more different forms, known as allotropes of these elements. Allotropes are different structural modifications of an element; the elements atoms are bonded together in a different manner. For Example -- FULLERENE This is also a form of carbon allotrope. The first one to be identified was C-60/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter”

pencil 3. Buckminsterfullerene (also called “buckyballs”) arranged in hollow cages like a soccer ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only , and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Not all solids are crystalline, but instead are amorphous Section 13.3/


1 of 33© Boardworks Ltd 2009. 2 of 33© Boardworks Ltd 2009.

2D plane, forming layers. These layers are held weakly together by van der Waals forces, not covalent bonds. 13 of 33© Boardworks Ltd 2009 Properties of graphite 14 of 33© Boardworks Ltd 2009 Allotropes of carbon 15 of 33© Boardworks Ltd 2009 Other allotropes of carbon Buckminsterfullerene is one type of fullerene. It contains 60 carbon atoms, each of which is bonded to three others by two single bonds and one double bond/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter” Pre-AP Chemistry Charles Page High School Stephen L. Cotton.

ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the/


Chlorine Dichloromethane Methane Oxygen water Carbon Dioxide Chloroethyne Questions/Comments Macroscopic Observations Directory Continued Non Tetrahedral.

like honeycomb. You will see that diamond is very dense compared to the other carbon allotropes and it is not a good conductor of electricity(it’s an insulator). Since it’s only made of carbon all bonds are nonpolar. The “World of Molecules” site owns this model. Picture from wikimedia.org Back to Directory http://www.worldofmolecules.com/interactive_molecules/diamond.htm Macroscopic Observations Shiny(has/


NC STATE UNIVERSITY CHE597B / CH795N Multi-Scale Modeling of Fluids and Soft Matter Instructors: Stefan Franzen and Keith E. Gubbins Lecture 7: Structure.

, June 2003) NC STATE UNIVERSITY Three-Body Correlations Example: 3-body correlations (e.g., allotropic forms of carbon) (taken from X. Bourrat, in Sciences of carbon materials, ed. H. Marsh and F. Rodríguez-Reinoso, Publicaciones de la Universidad de /, June 2003) NC STATE UNIVERSITY Three Body Correlations Example: 3-body correlations (e.g., allotropic forms of carbon) (taken from X. Bourrat, in Sciences of carbon materials, ed. H. Marsh and F. Rodríguez- Reinoso, Publicaciones de la Universidad de/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter” Pre-AP Chemistry Charles Page High School Stephen L. Cotton.

ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the/


Survey of the Elements: 1. Element structures 2. Oxide structures 3. Cool things about some elements.

Elements: 1. Element structures 2. Oxide structures 3. Cool things about some elements Structures of the Elements Metals: Close packing Number of Bonds Possible: α-R boron β-R boron γ-boron Allotropes of Boron: linked B 12 icosahedra Traditional Allotropes of Carbon New Allotropes of Carbon: Fullerenes C 60 New Allotropes of Carbon: Nanotubes New Allotropes of Carbon: Graphene Industrial Production of Diamonds Why is diamond formed, and not graphite? Reason 1. Reverse Reaction favors Graphite Instability/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter” Pre-AP Chemistry Charles Page High School Stephen L. Cotton.

ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the/


Organic Chemistry. Allotropes of Carbon Allotropes are forms of the same element that have different bonding patterns Examples: Diamond, Graphite, Amorphous.

Chemistry Allotropes of Carbon Allotropes are forms of the same element that have different bonding patterns Examples: Diamond, Graphite, Amorphous Carbon, Fullerenes (buckyballs) What makes carbon so special is its half filled valance level and small size. 4 valance electrons…can bond with a single, double, or triple bond. Carbon most commonly bonds to itself and then forms long chains and rings. Organic Chemistry The study of the thousands of carbon/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter” Adapted from Charles Page High School Stephen L. Cotton.

ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the/


Chapter 13 “States of Matter” Academic Chemistry Mrs. Keyser.

ball Section 13.3 The Nature of Solids These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid These are called allotropes of carbon, because all are made of pure carbon only, and all are solid Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the same physical state Allotropes are two or more different molecular forms of the same element in the/


1 Chapter 22 Chemistry of The NonMetals lDescriptive chemistry of the elements is consistent with the various principles discussed earlier. lWe will focus.

forms more compounds than all other elements except hydrogen; typical compounds are the hydrocarbons and their derivatives 82 Carbon lExists as diamond, graphite, and an amorphous form, as well as the recently discovered allotrope C 60, called buckminsterfullerene 83 Carbon lDiamond: clear crystalline form of carbon, one of the hardest substances known, can be synthesized from graphite with high temperature and pressure and a metal catalyst/


Organic Chemistry !"""  Organic chemistry is the chemistry of the compounds of carbon.  (Allotropic forms of carbon: diamond, graphite, fullerenes.)

is the chemistry of the compounds of carbon.  (Allotropic forms of carbon: diamond, graphite, fullerenes.)  Inorganic Chemistry:The chemistry of the other ~100 elements. Allotropes Allotropes are different forms of the same element. Different bonding arrangements between atoms result in different structures with different chemical and physical properties Historical reason for division: The sources of chemicals for early chemical investigations (last quarter of 18th and first quarter of 19th centuries/


Chapter 7 The Elements.

an electric current when it absorbs light B. Group 4A: The Carbon Group Wide range of properties limits the rules that apply to all members of the group 1. Carbon Whole branch of chemistry devoted to the study of carbon compounds – organic chemistry Inorganic chemistry includes carbonates, cyanides, carbides, sulfides, and oxides Two allotropes – graphite and diamond - Allotropes are forms of an element in the same physical state – solid, liquid, or/


Organic Chemistry Dr. Michael P. Gillespie. Introduction Organic chemistry is the study of carbon containing compounds. It was once thought that all organic.

organic chemistry”. 2Dr. Michael P. Gillespie Friedrich Wohler Dr. Michael P. Gillespie3 The Chemistry of Carbon Carbon can form stable, covalent bonds with other carbon atoms. Atoms can form stable bonds with other elements. Carbon can form double or triple bonds with other carbon atoms. 4Dr. Michael P. Gillespie Allotropes Allotropes are forms of an element that have the same physical state, but different properties. Graphite, diamond, and buckminsterfullerine/


COVALENT BONDING (Teacher). COVALENT BONDING This occurs when two non-metallic atoms _SHARE_ electrons in order to obtain the stable number of eight electrons.

.9). Covalent Layer Lattices  Graphite Oily, black, opaque solid with a metallic sheen. Oily, black, opaque solid with a metallic sheen. Made solely of carbon atoms Made solely of carbon atoms A very common and stable allotrope of carbon A very common and stable allotrope of carbon Looks and behaves very differently from diamond due to its structure. Looks and behaves very differently from diamond due to its structure. Only/


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