# Ppt on acid-base titration problems

##### Buffers and Titrations SSS 3 Class 3. Materials 0.5 M Solutions VinegarNaOH HCl ammonia Sodium Acetate Ammonium Chloride water buffer.

.Very little change until endpoint 3.Sharp rise in pH at endpoint (neutral salt) 4.High pH after endpoint (Excess Base) Strong Acid/Strong Base Titration A stoichiometry problem (reaction is assumed to run to completion) then determine concentration of acid or base remaining. The salt formed is neutral. HCl + NaOH  H 2 O + NaCl I C E Work in Moles! Then calculate concentration (Molarity)! You will/

##### The Chemistry of Acids and Bases. Acids and Bases: Titration At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Do a titration of an acid.

expands it beyond recognition. The Chemistry of Acids and Bases Acids and Bases: Titration At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Do a titration of an acid with a base 2. Calculate the equivalence point (neutralization point) for a titration problem 3. Define normality 4. Determine the percent acid with a titration problem You will pay, I guarantee it!!! During a titration, the indicator goes in the 1/

##### Today is Monday, June 8 th, 2015 Pre-Class: Ever drank acid before? P.S. You need a paper towel. Stuff You Need: Calculator Periodic Table Polyatomic Ion.

. When the indicator changes color permanently, we’ve reached our endpoint (when we stop titrating). The endpoint is close to, but not exactly, the equivalence point, which is when the acid and base have neutralized each other. Titration Practice When solving a titration problem, you need to write the balanced reaction. – Remember, acids + bases form water and a salt. Step 1: Find the moles (using the molarity) of/

##### Buffered Solutions (sections 1-2) Acid/Base Reactions & Titration Curves (3) Solubility Equilibria (sections 4-5) Two important points: 1. Reactions with.

acid] = [conj. base] or [weak base] = [conj. acid] [H 3 O + ] = K a and pH = pK a @ equivalence point: mol acid = mol base; equilibrium problem with conjugate @ equivalence point: mol acid = mol base; equilibrium problem with conjugate Beyond equivalence point – pH based on excess titrant; stoichiometry Beyond equivalence point – pH based on excess titrant; stoichiometry Test #2 Summary for Acid/Base problems 1. Weak acid or weak base only (ch. 16) 2. Buffer 3. SA + SB Titration 4/

unknown concentration is called a titration.Titration 19.4 Neutralization Reactions > 19 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. The steps in an acid-base titration are as follows: 1.A measured volume of an acid solution of unknown concentration is /or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Calculate Solve for the unknown. 2 Use the molarity to convert the volume of base to moles of base. Sample Problem 19.8 0.018 L NaOH × 1.0 mol NaOH 1 L NaOH = 0.018 mol NaOH 19.4 /

##### Chapter 14 Acids and Bases. Chapter 14 Section 1 – Properties of Acids and Bases Section 2 – Acid Base Theories Section 3 – Acid Base Reactions.

higher than 7 are used to determine the equivalence point of weak-acid/strong-base titrations. weak-acid/strong-base = basic Titration Curve Strong Acid and a Strong Base Equivalence Point: pH at 7 Titration Curve Weak Acid and a Strong Base Equivalence Point: pH higher than 7 Titration Curve Strong Acid and a Weak Base Equivalence Point: pH less than 7 Titration Problems: * Can be used to determine concentration of unknown solution or volume of/

##### Acids & Bases pH Balance?. Video: Elements of Chemistry - Acids, Bases & Salts.

.0ml of Ba(OH) 2. What is the concentration of the barium hydroxide? Tuesday 6/21/05 Prep: 1. Get copies of Acid-Base Mini-Exam 2. Make fine cards! Class: 1. Pass out AP Bio stuff. 2. Review a titration problem. 3. Acid-Base Mini-Exam 4. Pass back finals / fine cards / check basmati/ sign annuals. Plan: 1. Fill out fine cards! 2. Call Mary/

##### APPLICATIONS OF AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIA REACTIONS AND EQUILIBRIA INVOLVING ACIDS, BASES, AND SALTS.

new pH can be calculated by putting the concentration of the anion into the K a equation and solving for the new [H + ]. Understanding common ion problems aides understanding of buffer solutions, acid-base indicators and acid-base titration problems. Example problem Determine the [H 3 O + ] and [C 2 H 3 O 2 - ] in 0.100 M HC 2 H 3 O 2. The K a for/

##### Chapt. 18 – Acids and Bases 18.1Acids and Bases: An Introduction 18.2 Strengths of Acids and Bases 18.3Hydrogen Ions and pH 18.4 Neutralization.

.0250 L HCOOH M HCOOH = 7.31x10 -2 M Practice Acid-Base Titration Problems 44 – 46 page 664 Problems 52, 54 page 668 Problems 86 – 89, 92 – 93 page 673 Problems 24 – 25 page 989 Salt Hydrolysis Put salt in pure water Unless salt product of strong acid/strong base reaction, pH won’t be neutral Neutral Basic Acidic NaNO 3 KF NH 4 Cl Salt Hydrolysis KF(s)  K/

##### The Chemistry of Acids and Bases. Acids and Bases: Titration At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Do a titration of an acid.

expands it beyond recognition. The Chemistry of Acids and Bases Acids and Bases: Titration At the conclusion of our time together, you should be able to: 1. Do a titration of an acid with a base 2. Calculate the equivalence point (neutralization point) for a titration problem 3. Define normality 4. Determine the percent acid with a titration problem You will pay, I guarantee it!!! Lemonade Titration Problem 0.100 M x 1 x 8/

##### 1 19 Ionic Equilibria: Part II Buffers and Titration Curves.

as in the strong acid/strong base example. 68 Weak Acid/Strong Base Titration Curves We have calculated only a few points on the titration curve. Similar calculations for remainder of titration show clearly the shape of the titration curve. 69 Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Titration curves for Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves look similar to Strong Base/Weak Acid Titration Curves but they are inverted. 70 Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration curves have very/

a strong acid (HCl) with a strong base (NaOH). Interpret Graphs If the titration of HCl and NaOH could be stopped right at the equivalence point, the solution in the beaker would consist of only H 2 O and NaCl, plus a small amount of indicator. 19.4 Neutralization Reactions > 27 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. Sample Problem 19/

##### Chapter 15 Acid-Base Titration and pH 1. Solution Concentrations* Molarity – one mole of solute dissolved in enough solvent (water) to make exactly one.

x Va = Mb x Vb Ma – molarity of acid Va – volume of acid Mb – molarity of base Vb – volume of base See Ch 14/15 handout for more info. 40 Sample Problem 524/24 Determine the number of moles of the first substance that would be chemically equivalent of the second substance in these acid-base titrations: a.NaOH with 1.0 mol HCl b.HNO 3 with/

##### Acid Base Titrations AP Chemistry Chapter 15. Titration Titrations are used to determine the amount of acid or base in a solution Titrant: the solution.

more dramatic the pH change x Weak titrated with strong In an acid/base titration in which one substance is strong and the other weak… The solution is not neutral at the equivalence point due to the hydrolysis of the salt. So we have to work with a series of buffer problems. Working first the stoichiometry problem, then the equilibrium problem. Calculate pH when 50.0 mL/

##### 1 Chapter 17a Ionic Equilibria: Part II Buffers and Titration Curves.

as in the strong acid/strong base example. 68 Weak Acid/Strong Base Titration Curves We have calculated only a few points on the titration curve. Similar calculations for remainder of titration show clearly the shape of the titration curve. 69 Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Titration curves for Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves look similar to Strong Base/Weak Acid Titration Curves but they are inverted. 70 Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration curves have very/

##### TITRATIONS An Introduction 1. It’s your BIRTHDAY! I’m going to make you birthday cupcakes. Every birthday cupcake has two candles in it, or: 1 cupcake.

more obvious if there is none vs. some. 44 45 Acid/Base Titrations How does this work for an acid/base titration? What is the first thing we need to know? EXACTLY! The Chemical Reaction 46 Acid-base Reaction In an acid/base titration, the generic reaction is: H + + OH - /bases have an OH: HCl + NH 3  ??? NH 3 + H 2 O = NH 4 OH HCl + NH 4 OH  H 2 O + NH 4 Cl You can always generate OH - in water, because water can always act as an acid. 75 A little bitty problem… A 10.00 mL sample of waste water is titrated/

##### Homework Problems Chapter 4 Homework Problems: 2, 8, 11, 14, 20, 22, 25, 28, 29, 30, 32, 42, 44, 48, 52, 54, 64, 68, 82, 84, 94, 124, 132, 150.

Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Titration An oxidation-reduction titration (redox titration) is a titration based on an oxidation-reduction reaction. Calculations are done in the same way as in acid-base titrations. Example: A 20.00 mL sample of a solution containing Fe 2+ ion is titrated with a 0.02418 / the concentration of the Fe 2+ solution, using the number of moles (found in step 2) and the volume of Fe 2+ solution (given in the problem). 6 Fe 2+ (aq) + BrO 3 - (aq) + 6 H + (aq)  6 Fe 3+ (aq) + Br - (aq)/

##### Chapter 15 Acid-Base Equilibria AP*. AP Learning Objectives  LO 1.20 The student can design, and/or interpret data from an experiment that uses titration.

1.0 M HCI Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 29 Section 15.4 Titrations and pH Curves Weak Acid–Strong Base Titration Step 1:A stoichiometry problem (reaction is assumed to run to completion) then determine concentration of acid remaining and conjugate base formed. Step 2: An equilibrium problem (determine position of weak acid equilibrium and calculate pH). Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 30 Section 15.4/

##### 1 For example: what is the molarity of a solution that contains 0.53 moles of HCl dissolved in 423.5 mL of aqueous solution? Concentration of acids and.

value. Find the pH and the pOH of each solution described in practice problems 1a-d on page 477. 14 Practice: find the pH; pOH; /Titration Calculations: we use titrations to find the concentration of an acid or base solution. Remember that at the Equivalence point: n acid = n base M acid V acid = M base V base An acid-base titration usually starts with an acid solution of unknown concentration. We accurately measure the amount of acid solution we want to use in the titration (V acid ). We start to add a base/

##### 1 Acid-Ionization Titration Curves  An acid-base titration curve is a plot of the pH of a solution of acid (or base) against the volume of added base.

HCl with NaOH. –To detect the equivalence point, you need an acid-base indicator that changes color within the pH range 3-11. –Phenolphthalein can be used because it changes color in the pH range 8.2-10. (see Figure 16.10) Titration of a Strong Acid by a Strong Base 6 A Problem To Consider  Calculate the pH of a solution in which 10.0/

##### Indicators and pH Meters Acid-base indicators are compounds whose colors are sensitive to pH. Indicators change colors because they are either weak acids.

Solution: 1.balanced neutralization equation chemically equivalent amounts Molarity and Titration, continued Sample Problem F Solution, continued 2. volume of known basic solution used (mL) amount of base used (mol) Chapter 15 Section 2 Determining pH and Titrations 3. mole ratio, moles of base used moles of acid used from unknown solution Molarity and Titration, continued Sample Problem F Solution, continued 4. volume of unknown, moles of solute/

##### Arrhenius Theory Acids release hydrogen ions (H + ) Acids release hydrogen ions (H + ) HCl → H + + Cl - HCl → H + + Cl - Bases release hydroxide ions.

NaOH to the equivalence point. pH at equivalence point? pH of solution of benzoic acid, a weak acid Benzoic acid + NaOH pH at half-way point? 72 Acid-Base Reactions Strategy — find the conc. of the conjugate base Bz - in the solution AFTER the titration, then calculate pH. This is a two-step problem 1. stoichiometry of acid-base reaction 2. equilibrium calculation Strategy — find the conc. of the conjugate/

##### Acids and Bases Part 2 The pH Scale Water n Water ionizes; it falls apart into ions. H 2 O  H + + OH - H 2 O  H + + OH - n The reaction above is called.

(1.49 M) Problem n How many moles of 0.275 M HCl will be needed to neutralize 25.0 mL of 0.154 M NaOH? HCl + NaOH  NaCl + H 2 O (0.0140 moles) Titration Curves A plot of pH versus volume of acid (or base) added is called a titration curve. Titration Curves Strong Base-Strong Acid Titration Curve Titration Curves Consider adding a strong base (e.g. NaOH/

##### Objectives Describe how an acid-base indicator functions. Explain how to carry out an acid-base titration. Calculate the molarity of a solution from titration.

Solution: 1.balanced neutralization equation chemically equivalent amounts Molarity and Titration, continued Sample Problem F Solution, continued 2. volume of known basic solution used (mL) amount of base used (mol) Chapter 15 Section 2 Determining pH and Titrations 3. mole ratio, moles of base used moles of acid used from unknown solution Molarity and Titration, continued Sample Problem F Solution, continued 4. volume of unknown, moles of solute/

##### Acids and Bases Part 2 The pH Scale Water n Water ionizes; it falls apart into ions. H 2 O  H + + OH - H 2 O  H + + OH - n The reaction above is called.

acid or a base through the use of an acid-base reaction is called an acid-base titration. Titration Titration n The known reactant molarity is used to find the unknown molarity of the other solution. n Solutions of known molarity that are used in this fashion are called standard solutions. Titration n In a titration, the molarity of one of the reactants, acid or base, is known, but the other is unknown. Problem/

##### CH. 17 ACID -- BASE EQUILIBRA & BUFFERS 17.1 Common ion effect 17.1 Calculation Henderson- Hasselbalch eqn Buffers how works ion effect pH range 17.3 Titration.

- ] = 4.0 mmol / 80.0 ml = 0.05 M TITRATION CURVES Monoprotic Acids pH Vol SB 7 SA - SB TITRATION CURVES Monoprotic Acids pH Vol SB 9 WA - SB TITRATION CURVES Monoprotic Acids pH Vol SA 3.5 SA - WB TITRATION CURVES Polyprotic Acids pH Vol Base H 2 SO 4 HSO 4 - pK a1 SO 4 -2 pK a2 Problem 25.0-mL of 0.145 M HCl soln/

##### Acid-Base Equilibria Arrhenius Definition Acids are substances that produce hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. Acids are substances that produce.

in acid-base problems are given to us in terms of pH (power of H + ) and pOH (power of OH - ). Many of the concentration measurements in acid-base problems are /acid. Reaction rate SLOWS down as 100% neutralization approaches. Need EXCESS base to FULLY ionize the weak acid for complete neutralization Strong acid-Weak base Titration PREDICT: How will a strong acid-weak base curve differ from strong acid- strong base curve? PREDICT: How will a strong acid-weak base curve differ from strong acid- strong base/

##### ACIDS AND BASES. ...STATE COMPETENCIES Recognize acids and bases in terms of the presence of hydronium and hydroxide ions and relate their concentration.

will look only at the initial step NEUTRALIZATION REACTIONS Double displacement Reaction between acid and base Salt and water form Salt – is an ionic compound made up of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid. Write the equation for the reaction of magnesium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid ACID/BASE TITRATION Method for determining the concentration of a solution by reacting a known volume of/

##### Applications of Aqueous Equilibria

on buffered solutions require exactly the same procedures introduced in Chapter 14. This is not a new type of problem." “When a strong acid or base is added to a buffered solution, it is best to deal with the stoichiometry of the resulting reaction first./ pH of the solution as an acid-base titration proceeds from beginning to well beyond the equivalence point pH is plotted on the y-axis and volume of base (or acid) delivered is plotted on the x-axis Shape of titration curve makes it possible to identify /

##### Addition of Acid or Base to Solution CE 541. When adding Base or Acid to Solution: Interaction between different chemical species occur Interaction between.

between pH 4 and 10 Equivalence point between pH 4 and 10 Equivalence point is reached when equivalents of base (or acid) added equal to equivalents of base (or acid) initially present Strong Acid Titrated with Strong Base Titration Problems Can be solved using charge balance. If strong HCl is titrated with strong NaOH NaOH + HCl → H 2 O + Na + + Cl - Charge balance [Na + ] + [H + ] = [OH - ] + [Cl - ] to get the/

##### Outline:3/9/07 è Chem. Dept. Seminar 4pm è 3 more lectures until Exam 2… è Chemistry Advising – 4pm Today: è More Chapter 18 Titrations.

+ 30 mL = 0.040 L 10mL: Just a buffer….NH 3 and NH 4 + pOH = pK b + log (acid/base) pH = 14 - 4.32 = 9.67 pOH = 4.74 + log (.00625/0.01625) = 4.74 – 0.41 = 4.32 Titration of a weak base… Try a titration problem: Titrate 30 mL of 0.030 M NH 3 with 0.025 M HCl. What is the pH after/

##### Friday, May 6th: “A” Day Agenda

moles per liter) V: volume (in liters) of the solution Titration Calculations An easier way to think of this: (C Acid)(V Acid) = (C Base) (V Base) C: concentration (in moles per liter) V: volume (in liters) of the solution (CAcid) (VAcid) = (CBase) (VBase) Sample Problem D, pg. 555 Calculating Concentration from Titration Data A student titrates 40.00 mL of an HCl solution of unknown concentration with/

##### Acid-base titration. Titration In an acid-base titration, a solution of unknown concentration (titrant) is slowly added to a solution of known concentration.

added 50.0 mL NaOH 0.00250 mol NaOH xs pH = 12.52 37 Tro: Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 2/e Titrating Weak Acid with a Strong Base The initial pH is that of the weak acid solution – calculate like a weak acid equilibrium problem e.g., 15.5 and 15.6 Before the equivalence point, the solution becomes a buffer – calculate mol HA init and/

##### Acids and Bases Titrations AP Chemistry. Neutralization Reactions and Titrations Neutralization Reactions Strong acid + Strong Base  Salt + Water HCl.

exactly equal the amount of acid you started with. Moles of Acid = Moles of Base The equation for titration calculations is At neutralization, Moles of Acid= Moles of Base M a V a = M b V b Ma = Acid Molarity Mb = Base Molarity Va = Acid volume Vb = Base Volume Volumes can be any units as long as they are the same on both sides! Example Titration Problem If 5.00mL of 1/

##### Unit 8: Acids and Bases Part 5: Titrations & Indicators.

.e. H 2 SO 4 ): two equivalence points Calculations involving Titrations of Weak Acids/Bases Divide the titration into the following points: 1. Starting point: No acid/base added (acid/base in water problem) Starting Point Use a two step procedure when calculating pH prior to the equivalence point whenever a strong acid/base is added to a weak acid/base. Before Equivalence Point 2. Before the equivalence point (Note: for weak a/

##### Common Ion Effect, Hydrolysis, Titration Chapter 19.

There are many different types of hydrolysis reaction, but in this problem, hydrolysis refers to a reaction between water and the anion of the weak acid. Hydrolysis means "cleavage by means of water". There are many/acid-strong base titration curve is exactly 7 because the salt produced does not undergo any hydrolysis reactions. Titrating Weak Acids with Strong Bases If a strong base is used to titrate a weak acid, the pH at the equivalence point will not be 7. If a strong base is used to titrate a weak acid/

##### Problem Set pH and Aqueous Solutions. Aqueous Neutralization Reactions and pH Edward A. Mottel Department of Chemistry Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology.

either the HCl or KOH (as appropriate). 7/13/2015 Please Pick Up Blank IDIRICE grids Small lettered titration volume sheet Aqueous Neutralization Reactions Edward A. Mottel Department of Chemistry Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Problem Set Weak Acid – Strong Base Titration 7/13/2015 Potentiometric Titration 20.0 mL of 0.400 M HCl with Aqueous Ammonia 0481216202428 0 2 10 8 6 4 pH/

##### Applications of Aqueous Equilibria Chapter 8. Chapter 8: Applications of Aqueous Equilibria 8.1 Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion 8.2.

is determined, and the pH is calculated. Figure 8.3: The pH curve for the titration of 50.0 Weak acid Calculating the pH During a Weak Acid-Strong Base Titration–I Problem: Calculate the pH during the titration of 20.00 mL of 0.250 M nitrous acid (HNO 2 ; K a = 4.5 x 10 -4 ) after adding different volumes of 0.150 M NaOH : (a/

##### Acid-Base Equilibria.

27 of 45 General Chemistry: Chapter 17 Prentice-Hall © 2007 Titration Curve For Strong Acid - Strong Base Acid-Base Titrations/Indicators Indicators should change color close to the equivalence point. Acid-Base Titrations/Indicators Phenolphthalein is used in a strong acid/strong base titration the solution turns pink upon the addition of a certain amount of base. Upon the addition of more base the solution turns colorless. Explain 2012 AP QUESTION 1 (a) Explain/

##### Acids and Bases pH and Titrations

equation is NOT 1:1 then you must rely on the mole relationship and handle the problem like any other stoichiometry problem. MOLES OF ACID = MOLES OF BASE nacid = nbase Ma Va = Mb Vb rearranges to Ma = Mb Vb / Va TITRATION MAVA = MBVB 1. Suppose 75.00 mL of hydrochloric acid was required to neutralize 22.50 mL of 0.52 M NaOH. What is the/

##### Part 5: Titrations & Indicators

higher the pH at the EQ point. Indicators must be chosen based on the pH of the equivalence point Curve of a diprotic acid (eg. H2CO3 or H2SO4): two equivalence points Calculations involving Titrations of Weak Acids/Bases Divide the titration into the following points: 1. Starting point: No acid/base added (acid/base in water problem) Starting Point 2. Before the equivalence point (Note: for weak a/b at the/

##### Chapter 14 Acids and Bases. Naming Acids  2 types of acids Binary ternary (sometimes called oxy)  binary -H and one other type of atom name them hydro.

= (.015)(1) .0150 N KOH  Use the titration formula to find the normality of the acid: N a V a =N b V b (x)(15.7 mL) = (.0150 N)(17.4 mL) x =.0166 N  Convert normality to molarity: M = N / n x =.0166 N / 2  x =.00831 M Titration Problems  Ex 3: In a titration of 27.4 mL of 0.0154 M/

##### 119 Ionic Equilibria 離子平衡 : Part II Buffers 緩衝液 and Titration Curves 滴定曲線 花青素.

react with some of the ammonia and change the concentrations of the species. – This is another limiting reactant problem. HCl + NH 3 → NH 4 Cl Initial0.02 mol0.1 mol0.2 mol change-0.02 mol /32 pH=11.68 42 Weak acid-strong base 44 Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Titration curves for Strong Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves look similar to Strong Base/Weak Acid Titration Curves but they are inverted. 45 Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration Curves Weak Acid/Weak Base Titration curves have very short vertical /

##### LECTURE 2 Titration method Buffer solutions. ass. prof. I. R. Bekus.

a salt and water An acid-base titration is the determination of the concentration of an acid or base by exactly neutralizing the acid/base with an acid or base of known concentration. This allows for quantitative analysis of the concentration of a unknown acid or base solution. An acid-base titration in which a base is titrated with a standard solution of an acid is called Acidimetric An acid-base titration in which an acid is titrated with a standard solution/

##### Acids and Bases Agenda “ the acid test ”“ acid drop ”“ acid rain ” “ put the acid on ”“ do acid ”“ acid head ” Day 71 – Strong and Weak Acids and Bases.

Reactions OBJECTIVES: – Define the products of an acid-base reaction. – Explain how acid-base titration is used to calculate the concentration of an acid or a base. – Explain the concept of equivalence in neutralization reactions. Agenda Day 74 – Acid & Base Titration - Stoichiometry/pH Calculations Lesson: PPT Handouts: 1. Titration Handout 2. Titration Problems Worksheet Text: 1. P. 476- 484 -Titration HW: 1. P. 485 # 1-13 Acid-Base Reactions Acid + Base → Water + Salt Properties related to every day/

##### Acids, Bases, and Salts Chapters 4.3, 16 and 17. Classification of Acids and Bases is one of the oldest in History. The medieval Alchemists first used.

mol before after Notice the product F - is a conjugate base. Some F - will react with water to produce OH - How much? Do the equilibrium problem It requires.0050 mol NaOH to neutralize the acid; L =.0050 mol / 0.10 M NaOH =.050 L = 50 ml NaOH The titration is at the equivalence point. Titrate 50.0 mL of 0.10 M HF (Ka = 7/

##### Copyright Sautter 2003 ACIDS, BASES & SALTS WHAT IS AN ACID ? WHAT IS A BASE ? WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF ACIDS AND BASES ? WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT KINDS.

[H + ] P MEANS NEGATIVE LOG AND THE BRACKETS AROUND H + MEANS “CONCENTRATION OF H + ” SAMPLE PROBLEM: WHAT IS THE PH OF A SOLUTION WHEN ITS [H + ] = 0.000001 M ? SOLUTION: 0./ACIDBASE TITRATION (ALSO CALLED EQUIVALENCE POINT), MOLES OF H + IONS ADDED FROM THE ACID EQUAL MOLES OF OH - IONS ADDED FROM THE BASE. N ACID = MOLES H + / LITERS MOLES H + = N ACID x LITERS N BASE = MOLES OH - / LITERS MOLES OH - = N BASE x LITERS AT ENDPOINT MOLES H + = MOLES OH - THEREFORE: N ACID x VOL ACID = N BASE x VOL BASE/

##### Chapter 19 Acids, Bases, and Salts. Acids and Bases Acids  vinegar  citrus fruits  carbonated drinks  car battery  lemon juice  tea Bases  calcium.

in a solution may also affect the indicator’s dissociation. Using indicator strips can help overcome these problems. pH Meters A pH meter makes rapid, accurate pH measurements. often easier to use than liquid indicators/Titration You can determine the concentration of acid or base in a solution by performing a neutralization reaction. You must use an appropriate acid-base indicator to show when neutralization has occurred.appropriate acid-base indicator In the lab, typically phenolphthalein for acid base/