**for** Columbus Students Preschool - College A briefing **for** Mayor Michael B. Coleman Columbus City Council President Andrew Ginther Honorable Eric Fingerhut, Vice President of Education and STEM Learning, Battelle October 18, 2012 Mark **Real**/**Numbers** are **for**/**10th** Grade3,629 11th Grade3,334 12th Grade2,913 Graduates (4-year) 2,798 Ohio Department of Education, 2009-2010 KidsOhio.org Measurable academic goals Measurable academic goals Columbus City Schools goals **for**/% Taking Remedial **Math** or English (/**classes**/

text and lesson **number** –Separate entry **for** each definition /are **real** English words. 1.Which ones are **real** /ACT EXPLORE (8th/9th) ACT PLAN (**10th**) ACT (11th/12th) Source: Achieve,/ school to implement world **class** standards?” 45 Absolute level/**for** guiding instruction Reading comprehension & oral reading fluency passages are equated **for** difficulty to allow **for** accurate progress monitoring Instructional level passages provided 63 New Reading Assessments PK: print knowledge, phonological awareness, vocabulary, **math**/

Programs Slide 10 Evidence About College-Level Work in High School AP **Number** of AP tests taken doubled in one year when offered to all /**classes**. 97% passed. Tech Prep Tech Prep students had higher 11 th and 12 th grade GPAs, better attendance, and higher Regents **Math** II scores than comparison students (NYDOE study, 1999). Slide 11 States With Policies **for**/ “**real**” 9-14 school; Provide guidance, support, and coaching from adults through the first two years of college; Offer two years of college credit **for** free/

**for** Workforce Training, 2006. Students’ course taking patterns do not match their educational aspirations. 43% of seniors report that they intend to go to a four-year college directly after high school Of those: - 43% took fewer than 4 **math** **classes** -57% took fewer than 4 science **classes** Common Misperceptions “It’s better to take easier **classes**/can schools create **real**, workable opportunities **for** such contact? /plan that aligns with their postsecondary plans 57% % **10th** taking the PLAN (pre ACT) 22% % 11 /

Have an engineer or architect visit your **class**. When students are building they are engineering/and **math** connections Grade-Level Expectations: Prekindergarten **Number** and **Number** Relations/**10th** to discuss positions in ordered lists (N-1-E) 4. Identify the numerals **for** the **numbers** 0 through 20 (N-1-E) (N-3-E) 5. Using a **number** line or chart, identify the **numbers** coming before/after a given **number** and between 2 given **numbers**/ Use concrete objects to model simple **real**-life addition and subtraction problems (N/

communicating and reasoning mathematically, by applying mathematics in **real**-world settings, and by solving problems through the integrated study of **number** systems, geometry, algebra, data analysis, probability, / skills and procedures into **10th** grade curriculum Consider using “SAT II” type questions as a low stakes final exam **for** Honors Chem IB Biology/Science Research program 21 ninth grade students meet every other day **for** a zero period **class** 11 upper level students meet in both a classroom and individual /

the median and mode of **real** data displayed in a /**Numbers** and Operations Algebra / Patterns & Functions Algebra / Patterns & Functions Data Analysis & Probability Data Analysis & Probability Measurement Measurement Geometry 500 600 700 900 1000 800 Quantile Measure (Q) Personal Use Employment High School First-Year College 1200 1100 1300 1500 1400 Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%) 2005-06 Quantile Framework ® **for** **Math** 8th **10th**/ Professional Development X X Reduce **Class** Size Successful Examples 1.Teachers /

performance Inherent problems of **class** ranking schemes Weighting, course/ than ever before **Number** of spaces at selective institutions/000+ applications **Real** competition began accelerating/**10th** Grade **Math** Are State Assessments Useful **for** Postsecondary Education? 10 MCAS Tenth Grade **Math** Items Are State Assessments Useful **for** Postsecondary Education? 11 MCAS Tenth Grade **Math** Item Are State Assessments Useful **for** Postsecondary Education? 12 MCAS Tenth Grade **Math** English Are State Assessments Useful **for**/

30 ms Discarding packets by **math** model TimeX X X Inter/[JGM03] 1/Resp(m) = the **number** of loss events required by a scheme/User-based weighted fairness Bandwidth Sharing among **classes** Reduce 20~30% of user-perceived/ An End-to-end Rate-based Congestion Control Mechanism **for** **Real**-time Streams in the Internet,” In Proc. of/**for** Web Clusters Providing Multiple Services,” Proceedings of the **10th** International World Wide Web Conference, 2001. [LGC01]C. Li, G. Peng, K. Gopalan, and T. Chiuch, “Performance Guarantee **for**/

center. The low **number** of parents who/ future of the Cosmos, **Math**, Neurosci, Bio, Culture,/**Real** Risks of Genetic Engineering and Biotech, Denise Caruso, 2006 Good exploration of the risks of biotech, and the social values that limit its adoption. Enough: Staying Human in an Engineered AgeEnough: Staying Human in an Engineered Age, Bill McKibben, 2004 A call **for** preserving human values, identity, and culture in our highly technological age. Great Futures Books (Circulated in **Class**/ Albert Teich, **10th** Ed, AAAS, /

that the value **for** the first “**real**” (non-null) state is 1.0 and **for** all other states /each **for** a ij, means, and covariances), feel free to do so. 5 Submit your results **for** the **10th** / and beta values, as discussed in **class**, to make sure that they are /in the discrete-HMM case, of After lots of **math**, the result is: Which is equivalent to the update/**for** i = 1 to R: (2a) use re-estimation formulae to compute parameters of (i) (based on model (i-1) ) (2b) if (i) = (i-1) then stop where R is the maximum **number**/

of support services (writing center, **math** tutors) Design Principles **for** Student Success High Expectations & High /Institute Indiana University Center **for** Postsecondary Research 1900 East **10th** Street Eigenmann Hall, Suite/.Increase frequency of feedback? 5.Add a **real** world, application experience? 6.Increase students’ / practices High Impact Pedagogical Practices Percentage of **class** time faculty spend: lecturing, small group work/impact on greatest **number** of gains Features that matter: –Projects that/

**for** teaching and learning. Learning analytics as teacher’s assistant. Microlearning 6.0 6 th International Conference 2012, July 9 th & **10th**/**class** - Today we are able to present a database **for** organizing schools, **classes** and individuals – with an interface **for** the conventional desktop browsers and also **for**/**real** pressure from teacher’s side using the program it is a considerable pleasant high **number**/– more data – more concepts? Hints **for** Learners? **Mathe**-Multi-Trainer (multi digit multiplication) Cooperative /

deficits that impact educational performance. Special **Class** Program Special **Class** in one or more areas Specially/1.5 standard deviations, or the **10th** percentile on at least two standardized /in at least reading/language arts and **math**, and sets the minimum level of /likes and dislikes in a **number** of situations to assist in planning **for** secondary transition. Does not indicate/communication access **real**-time translation (CART), C-Print, and TypeWell; and (ii) Special interpreting services **for** children who /

set **for** each comment area. Object Reports – FIXED BOUNDARIES ReportWorks – Dynamic Typically reserved **for** MS Level Requires considerably more **Real** Estate/Less standards if **Class** doesn’t meet daily Corrections on screen or print? Create a comment only report **for** teachers rather than/std.stored.transavg;02.LA.02;Q4) Oracle handles page **numbers** as text fields and has trouble sequencing object reports greater/. I had place ELA as the **10th** page as client wanted it printed second. **Math** became the 11th page and so on/

Curriculum (**10th** Edition) [Hardcover] Richard T. Vacca 63 Checklist **for** Informational Text Review (Handout 7: “Checklist **for** Teaching / a piece of text depends on the **number** of unfamiliar domain-specific words and new/you have? 104 **Class**, School, and District IMPLICATIONS OF AND RESOURCES **FOR** ASSESSMENT SHIFTS 105 / and skills found in the ELA and **math** CCSS. Testing at key points throughout the/will focus on expressing mathematical reasoning and modeling **real**-world problems. End-of-Year Assessment (/

all have an impact: Dept. of Computing and **Maths** Manchester Metropolitan University Manchester United Kingdom Tell me more /, Attr2, Attr3, … Attrn] **Class** Classifies annotations. (Documents can be classified /timetable of buses Computable data: **number** of buses Unavailable data: not /a lot of knowledge – problem **for** **real**-world systems 115(130) Schema/ Adapting A Robust Multi-Genre NE System **for** Automatic Content Extraction. Proc. of the **10th** International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology,/

programs (including health programs) **for** which data were gathered regarding **numbers** of faculty. We have 5/**for** college credit at college or outlying site (CBO) Introduction to Post Secondary Education and Career Opportunities Intensive Literacy and **Math** Skills Work Readiness Social Support Individualized Education and Career Plan Achievement of **10th** Grade Reading Level Transition to Biotechnology Manufacturing Training Intensive in/**class**/create an opportunity that is a **real** career ladder. From a public policy/

**class**) 737-400 147 passengers (10 first **class**) 737-500 110 passengers (8 first **class**) 737-600 110 passengers (8 first **class**) 737-700 126 passengers (8 first **class**) 737-800 162 passengers (12 first **class**) 737-900 177 passengers (12 first **class**) PENN S TATE © T. W. S IMPSON Flight Ranges **for**/Programming and **Math** Programming used/] Selection: generate random **number** in [0,Sum] /**real** value within each variable’s bounds 1111100 7.157500.28 1200.253.32 0.95 2.71 7.157500.28 1200.254.56 3.21 Design variables **for** **10th**/

**real**-world applications Discover relevance of their learning through **real**-/. 18% NSSE FY Hours per Week Spent Preparing **for** **Class** 2001 - 2007 Worrisome Gap? Time spent studying /… a. Expand the **number** of cultural practitioners on campus/Faculty Contact Multicultural Programs Internship, Experientl Lrng Co-curricular Activities Undergraduate Research Writing Center **Math**-Science Center Academic Support Center Service-Learning Capstone 100% 20% 50% - FY /**for** Postsecondary Research 1900 East **10th** Street Eigenmann Hall/

a **math** model Linear-predictive filter model of the vocal tract A voiced/unvoiced flag **for** the /**classes** Multi-Pulse Excited (MPE) Regular-Pulse Excited (RPE) Code-Excited Linear Predictive (CELP) Difference lies in representation of excitation signal Multi-Pulse Excited (MPE) Excitation is given by a fixed **number**/ Structure ACELP yields toll-quality with a **10th** order LPC G.723.1 ACELP 6./Secure calls using standardized protocols (such as Secure **Real**-time Transport Protocol) Location independence: call center /

Challenged without success no **real** alternative! So, an algorithm / run on PRAMs with different **number** of processors; e.g., / was not fun. Jacob Hurwitz, **10th** grader, Montgomery Blair High School Magnet/**for** embarrassingly parallel. Teaches also OpenMP, MPI, CUDA. See also, keynote at CS4HS’09@CMU + interview with teacher. - High school & Middle School (some 10 year olds) students from underrepresented groups by HS **Math** teacher. *Also in Nvidia’s Satish, Harris & Garland IPDPS09 Middle School Summer Camp **Class**/

16 (June 14) Oncology Week 17 (June 21) No **Class** Week 18 (June 28) Final (The Third) Examination Bacteria / with the most severe day happened on the **10th** hospitalized day (10±2.7 days). Diarrhea exacerbated in/ hospitalized day (9.7±4.7days). www.**math**.tu-berlin.de/aktMath/site/pics/SARS-Virus./The clinic could be seen lots of people waiting **for** the **number** to get in. I was not like other /cowardice, and incompetence are characteristics of a **real** loser. In a nutschell, this book, **For** One More Day, is a wonderful book/

Example: The **math** curriculum includes/**for** Text Complexity Reported decline in high-school level text: More 8th & **10th** graders are on track **for**/**class** time; time that teachers might better spend having students read. Students might be able to understand a text without knowing the meaning of every word in the text. Students need opportunities to use word-learning strategies to independently learn the meanings of unknown words. Word Selection **for** Explicit Instruction Strategically select a relatively small **number**/

the Internet FIRST Not sharing easily Assuming “**Real** Life” happens only offline Thinking the /you had to memorize phone **numbers**.” -- a 10-year-oldstudent A central problem **for** the future of education /**10th** grader not only found a way around it but also posted step-by-step instructions on the Web **for**/to connect with their peers, both in **class** and around the world © 2011 Marc/Prensky FIRST Robotics Humanoid Robot Programming Competitions Dimension M **Math** Competitions http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoFsMIsuKSo Do/

**Numbers** and Operations Algebra / Patterns & Functions Data Analysis & Probability Measurement Geometry 2005-06 Quantile Framework® **for** **Math** Study Summary of Quantile Measures Interquartile Ranges Shown (25% - 75%) 1500 1400 1300 1200 11th 1100 **10th**/ Learning Parent Involvement Needs Focus on standards Relevant Instruction Individualize Instruction (**class** size) Professional Development (Job embedded Professional Learning) International Center **for** Leadership in Education, Inc. 1587 Route 146 Rexford, NY 12148/

**for** the Analysis of Computer Aided Teaching of Geometry Ioannis Papadopoulos and Vassilios Dagdilelis The Use of Online Homework Systems to Enhance Out-of-**Class**/ Chan New Tools **for** Mathematical Learning: Dynamic **Number** Lines Alison Clark-/**10th** Grade – Evaluation of a One Year Project Hans-Georg Weigand The Effect of a Calculator Training Workshop **for**/With the TI-92 Towards Computer Age **Maths** Teaching Bernhard Kutzler TI-92 Programı/ Ken Kerr Modelling **Real**-life Problems Involving Periodic Processes with Computer Algebra/

range 1 to 25) PLAN **10th** grade (score range 1 to 32/People you help, serve, care **for** or sell things to. Data: Facts, **numbers**, files, business procedures. Things/**for** first year college English courses, less than ½ are prepared **for** college-level reading courses, less than ½ are ready **for** science, and slightly more than ½ are ready **for** **math**/**Real** Game: http://www.realgame.com/usa.htmlhttp://www.realgame.com/usa.html Get Ready **for**/in **classes** with student interpretation worksheets Provide extra credit **for** parent//

Analysis and Probability 6.Assessing the GPS Process StandardsAssessing the GPS Process Standards 151 Diagram of GPS **for** Mathematics **Math** **Numbers** and Operations 1. Connect **numbers** to quantities Elements a-j 2. Use models to add & subtract Elements a-c Measure-/ a **class** graph as children sort the animals by features. (3) Create a **class** set of pictures of **real** animals **for** children to sort by features. Place this activity in a center **for** children. Teacher will note observations. See SKL2 – a **for** additional /

Technology 2 semesters **10th** or 11th electives/**class** discussions are a valued and essential component of the educational experience. Teachers employ a wide variety of assessment methods, including objective and free response tests, essays, research papers, oral presentations, group projects, and performances. Return to List of Schools Return to List of Schools Curriculum Honors and AP Credit Honors courses are available **for** Freshmen in **math**/values are made **real** in a /social security **numbers**. Preferably such/

**class**. Many different sets of **real** world data are available the U.S. Census Bureau Web site http://www.census.gov. These data can be used **for** formulating questions, exploring trends, and statistical analysis.www.census.gov Reys/ Lindquist/ Lamdin/ Smith, Helping Children Learn **Math**, **10th**// Lindquist/ Lamdin/ Smith, Helping Children Learn **Math**, **10th** Edition, © 2012 Helpful Resources There are a **number** of excellent Web sites that provide opportunities **for** children to simulate many trials with dice and spinners/

included with your Pre- Registration Package, if purchased. A limited **number** of meal tickets, if available, may be purchased at the Registration/in the classroom. A **class** of elementary school students was studied **for** improvements on the NYS exams in both **math** and English **for** over a three-year/**real** interaction. If we have the correct attitude toward technology, and if we use technology wisely, it can bring benefits to everyone. THANK YOU Thank you to all the teachers and students who participated in the **10th**/

**class** discussion, and writing Connections-connect to **real** life and other subjects Representations-provide a variety of materials, have students use objects, symbols, pictures and look **for** various representations/solutions Reys/ Lindquist/ Lamdin/ Smith, Helping Children Learn **Math**, **10th** Edition, © 2012 Eight Common Core State Standards **for**/ Children Learn **Math**, **10th** Edition, © 2012 Begin with the digits 1, 2,3, 4,5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Use each digit at least once and form three four-digit **numbers** with the sum/

or higher Fact: TWHS consistently ranks in the top schools in the world in the **number** of tests given Who Should Take PreAP or AP Courses? The most successful AP students are/**10th** Grade – Pre-AP Pre-Calculus/AP Statistics I 11th Grade – Pre-AP Pre-Calculus 12th Grade – Calculus AB/BC District **Math** Assignments **for** Incoming Seventh Graders Students will be initially rolled to the next appropriate level of **class** in the progression of their **math** development based on the **real** data See Course Description Guide **for**/

or higher Fact: TWHS consistently ranks in the top schools in the world in the **number** of tests given Who Should Take PreAP or AP Courses? The most successful AP students are/**10th** Grade – Pre-AP Pre-Calculus/AP Statistics I 11th Grade – Pre-AP Pre-Calculus 12th Grade – Calculus AB/BC District **Math** Assignments **for** Incoming Seventh Graders Students will be initially rolled to the next appropriate level of **class** in the progression of their **math** development based on the **real** data See Course Description Guide **for**/

on a **number** line. ■I can explain how common fractions and mixed **numbers** are related / **10th** Grad e Grade 10 ELA - Literary Analysis Task - Item Set /) and Create Hypothesize Design a model to solve **real**-world problems Create a poem that uses the techniques/**for** turn-taking and talking, asking students to "think out loud, giving mathematical reasons **for** the selections" they make using language generated by the **class**. Pre-Planning http://www.insidemathematics.org/classroom-videos/public-lessons/7th-8th-grade-**math**/

**for** implementation Why high bandwidth hard **for** 1993 technology Low bandwidth PRAM lower bounds [VW85,MNV94] **real**/algorithms textbooks 3.Spring’12 **class**: programming HW assignment! /at much earlier developmental stage (**10th** graders in HS versus graduate/**for** **math**: proofs & axiom of the natural **numbers**. 2. need to read into GvN47: “..to make the induction complete..” Talk from 30K feet * Past **Math** induction plus ISE Foundation **for** first 6 decades of CS Proposed **Math** induction plus ICE Foundation **for**/

**class** on Mind Play 6.All teachers working on their individual **class** smart goals 8 Sandshore Second Quarter Improvement Actions 1.Moved Reading Practice back to first period **for** grades 3-5 2.Implemented **math**/ Admin. 6th Admin. 7th Admin. 8th Admin. 9th Admin. **10th** Admin. 11th Admin. 12th Admin. 13th Admin. 14th Admin./ at a quicker pace as their understanding of **number** concepts grows. In reading, the Guided Reading / our students **for** their strengths and weaknesses and make a plan with a goal **real** progress can /

Performance Tasks – **real** world problems Summative Assessments **for** Accountability Optional **for** district, school or/ and Performance Tasks Scope, sequence, **number** and timing of interim assessments locally /**Math** **Classes** of 2015 – 2018 ELA exit exam; 1 EOC **Math** exit exam; EOC Biology Smarter Balanced ELA and **math** tests taken in 11 th **for** school accountability **Class** of 2019 and beyond Smarter Balanced tests in ELA and **Math**; Biology or NGSS Assessment High School Graduation Requirements by **Class** **Class**/

bar graph best represents the **number** of votes each presidential candidate received in the student council election? Obj 9 -TAKS 2003 **10th** [8.12(C)] Problem #43 A.C. B.D. Obj 9 - TAKS 2003 **10th** [8.12(C)] Problem #43 Mr. Salinas, a **real** estate agent, received a /. C. D. Obj 9 - TAKS 2006 9th [8.11(A)] Problem #53 The table below shows the **number** of student absences **for** the school year in Mr. Cruz’s **math** **classes**. Which of the following graphs best represents the data shown in the table? Obj 9 - TAKS 2006 9th [8/

Performance Tasks – **real** world problems Summative Assessments **for** Accountability Optional **for** district, school or/ and Performance Tasks Scope, sequence, **number** and timing of interim assessments locally /**Math** **Classes** of 2015 – 2018 ELA exit exam; 1 EOC **Math** exit exam; EOC Biology Smarter Balanced ELA and **math** tests taken in 11 th **for** school accountability **Class** of 2019 and beyond Smarter Balanced tests in ELA and **Math**; Biology or NGSS Assessment High School Graduation Requirements by **Class** **Class**/

not mean you have twice as much money! The EFC is divided among the **number** of family members in college Family members must be at least 1/2 time and/ the SAT 1, ACT, or CPT. The English and **math** scores are used **for** correct placement in the freshman English and **math** **classes**. PBSC administers the Computerized Placement Test (CPT), if you/ score of 18 **Math**- FCAT passing scale score of 300 (DSS 1889) or SAT **math** score of 340 or ACT **math** score of 15 **math** FCAT 2.0 **Class** of 2013 (current **10th** graders) Reading: /

Resources Product Movie Time In this high school **class**: What is this teacher’s mindset? To /**for** multiplying and dividing fractions make sense Grade 5 CCSS **Number** and Operations-Fractions: Solve **real** world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed **numbers**/And miles to go before I sleep. 73 **10th** Grade American Lit EXAMPLE 1 Mr. Johnson spent/CT State University Harry Gagliardi, Executive Coach, CAS Kim Goodison, **Math** Interventionist, Region 16 Kim Traverso, Consultant, SDE Laurelle Texidor,/

+ 2(x + 5) = 63 D. x + 2(5x) + 5x = 63 Obj 10 - TAKS 2003 **10th** [8.14(C)] Problem #61 Which of these equations describes a relationship in which every **real** **number** x corresponds to a nonnegative **real** **number**? A. y = x B. y = x 2 C. y = x 3 D. y = –x Obj / person earned the lowest score on the **math** test? A. Kelly B. Lee C. Linda D. Madison Obj 10 - TAKS 2006 **10th** [8.16(A)] Problem #83 **For** a spring break special, an amusement park charged $10 per person **for** admission with unlimited rides. The regular admission/

**Number** the electives #1, #2, #3. Scheduling Worksheet Use this area to help plan your **classes** **for** next year!!! You are NOT choosing the order of your **classes**!!!! USE THIS AREA TO PLAN **FOR**/ ALGEBRA II SAT/ACT PREPARATION 0000430 SAT/ACT PREP **CLASS** **10TH** GRADE: 3.0 GPA and FCAT Read Lvl 3/Fall 2016 Dual Enrollment Through The University of Florida 100% **Real** UF Courses Online 16 PV students are enrolled this semester/may be used towards one of the four **math** credits **for** graduation. 3 Credits of Science Includes 1 /

the greatest emphasis on word problems in a **real**- world context Whereas the No Calc section/ Metaphor Personification Rhetorical question Simile Harder ACT **math** examples Expanding use of matrices (e.g/test. New PSAT **for** **Class** of 2017 and/**10th**, 2016 October 22nd, 2016 December **10th**, 2016 October 24th, 2015 December 12th, 2015 February 6th, 2016 April 9th, 2016 June 11, 2016 September **10th**, 2016 October 22nd, 2016 December **10th**/ the feedback we’ve received. A small **number** of schools will take this position, but /

**math** **class**, applying basic statistics to the prediction of health effects and control of pollutants. Effectiveness measures included pre and post tests, surveys, graded **class** work, homework, and other assignments. Results included higher scores **for**/benchmarks **for** **10th** grade level were set **for** each lesson. Another constraint was meshing with the classroom teachers’ course content maps **for** the/STEP. **For** all lessons and field trips an attempt was made to integrate **math** and science, to weave in **real**-world /

NOT OCCUR WITH EVERYONE) ORAL LANGUAGE CHALLENGES LISTENING Memory **for** word sequence (phone **numbers**, directions ) Poor PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS Foreign Language SPEAKING Word/AGE READING GRADE LEVEL Average Low ( Torgesen & **Mathes**, 2000) WHAT TO DO !! ASSESSMENT OF STRENGTHS/Word Reading (**Real**) Word Reading/ (PREVENTION) WORD READING ACCURACY AND RATE 2nd **10th** **10th** **10th** 70 80 90 100 STANDARD SCORE Accuracy Rate / TIER 1: CLASSROOM BLOCK TIER 2: PULL OUT SUPPORT + **CLASS** TIER 3 :TOTAL PULL OUT (2 – 4 HRS) A/

3 **10th** Grade 1+ 3+2+ All Grades Comb11111143 * comparable free and reduced lunch rates 12 StudentsAchievementFuture Overall **Math** RankDistrictPoints /**Number** One Partnership” “National Model” St. Petersburg Times 31 StudentsAchievementFuture 2010-11+ Challenges Last year of federal stabilization funding Loss of ARRA Title I, ESE, ESOL funds Need **for** voters to approve the half cent Discretionary Sales Tax **Class**/ Worlds… **Real** Learning Quest Atlantis Maps DirectionsWhat’s New StudentsAchievementFuture Transition to Quest /

**for** the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Vol. 2, pp. 74-81. Pycior, H.M. (1997). Symbols, Impossible **Numbers** and Geometric Entanglement. British Algebra through the Commentaries on Newton’s Universal Arithmetick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Robert, A. & Rogalski, J. (2005). ‘A cross-analysis of the mathematics teacher’s activity. An example in a French **10th** grade **class**/ Isn’t absolute value just a type of secondary school **math** problems where the absolute value notation is mere shorthand used /

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