Large intestine anatomy and physiology ppt on cells

Chapter One Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology.

The Specialties of Anatomy Comparative Anatomy All vertebrates share a basic pattern of organization, most noticeable during embryology. Physiology is the study of the normal function of cell, tissue, organs, systems and organisms Physiology can be divided into the following specialties: – Cell physiology – study of cell – Special physiology - study of specific organ – Systemic physiology – study of system – Pathological physiology – study of the effect of disease on cell, tissue, organ and system. The/


The Digestive System and Body Metabolism Chapter 14.

movement is by alternating contractions of the muscle layers (peristalsis) Pharynx Physiology Esophagus Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy –About 10 inches long –Runs from pharynx to stomach through the diaphragm Physiology –Conducts food by peristalsis (slow rhythmic squeezing) –Passageway for food only (respiratory system branches off after the pharynx) Walls of alimentary canal from esophagus to the large intestine are made up of four tissue layers: –Mucosa –Submucosa –Muscularis/


Chapter One Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology.

The Specialties of Anatomy Comparative Anatomy All vertebrates share a basic pattern of organization, most noticeable during embryology. Physiology is the study of the normal function of cell, tissue, organs, systems and organisms Physiology can be divided into the following specialties: – Cell physiology – study of cell – Special physiology - study of specific organ – Systemic physiology – study of system – Pathological physiology – study of the effect of disease on cell, tissue, organ and system. The/


1 Chapter 24 The Digestive System Structure Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function Function –Mechanical –Chemical Development Development Disorders.

waves near the pylorus –open it and squirt out 1-2 teaspoons full with each wave 37 Physiology--Chemical Digestion Protein digestion begins Protein /intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi 75 Anatomy of Large Intestine/


Chapter 5 The Human Body. National EMS Education Standard Competencies  Anatomy and Physiology  Applies fundamental knowledge of the anatomy and function.

and reservoir for blood The Digestive System: Physiology  Enzymes are added to food. – By salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine  Enzymes convert food into basic sugars, fatty acids, amino acids. – Further processed by liver – Circulated via blood throughout body 96 The Endocrine System: Anatomy and Physiology  Complex message and/is the large opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes. 141 REVIEW 10.Which of the following statements about red blood cells is /


Microscopic Anatomy Modifications for Absorption Small intestine is highly adapted for nutrient absorption Length provides a huge surface area and its.

sphincter composed of smooth muscle – Voluntary external anal sphincter composed of skeletal muscle ANAL CANAL Large Intestine – The mucosa of the large intestine is thick and has crypts with a large number of mucus- producing goblet cells Mucus produced by goblet cells eases the passage of feces and protects the intestinal wall from irritating acids and gases released by resident bacteria in the colon MUCOSA OF COLON ANAL CANAL Anal sinuses/


Anatomy & Physiology Larry Johnson, PhD Veterinary Integrative Biosciences Texas A & M University College Station, TX

Intestine Large Intestine Parts of the Digestive System Different Stomachs Horses, dogs, cats, pigs, and humans have a single chambered stomach. Cattle have ruminant stomachs with four different chambers! Digestive system of the horse The Respiratory System All higher animals require a mechanism to: 1.Obtain O 2 from the environment 2.Get rid of CO 2 Plumbing inside the body = Anatomy Oxygen diffuses out and/


Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ Chapter 11 The Cardiovascular.

of the skin and sclera Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ Formed Elements Hemoglobin recycling –Bilirubin reaching large intestine Converted to related pigment/ retraction –Reduces the size of the damaged area –Makes it easier for repairs Fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ /


Ch 25 The Digestive System Jen Tynes SELU. The Digestive System General anatomy and digestive processes General anatomy and digestive processes Mouth.

Ch 25 The Digestive System Jen Tynes SELU The Digestive System General anatomy and digestive processes General anatomy and digestive processes Mouth through esophagus Mouth through esophagus Stomach Stomach Liver, gallbladder and pancreas Liver, gallbladder and pancreas Small intestine Small intestine Chemical digestion and absorption Chemical digestion and absorption Large intestine Large intestine Digestive Functions Ingestion Ingestion intake of food intake of food Digestion Digestion breakdown of /


This course will explore the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine regulation of metabolism, the digestive system, the immune system, the reproductive.

System, as well as the anatomy and physiology of the Reproductive system. Exam /anatomy of the stomach 1.2.3 describe the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the small intestine 1.2.4 describe the functional anatomy of the liver & gallbladder 1.2.5 describe the functional anatomy of the pancreas 1.2.6 describe the anatomy of the large intestine/columnar epithelial + goblet cells in stomach, also cells that secrete enzymes and hormones in the stomach and small intestine What do goblet cells produce? Name 2/


Review Tip Anatomy and Physiology is the most demanding chapter but one that provides a feeling of accomplishment when you have completed it. Study all.

parts, you will be able to analyze questions and to solve problems. Anatomy—the study of body structure Physiology—the study of body function Pathology—the study of abnormal changes in body structure or function, usually caused by disease Overview, cont’d. Body Ordering Living things are arranged from simple to complex: ■ Chemicals—atoms and molecules ■ Cells—structural and functional units of life ■ Tissues—groups of/


Abdominal and Gastrointestinal Emergencies

fats Promotes carbohydrate metabolism Detoxifies drugs Completes the breakdown of dead blood cells Stores vitamins and minerals 16 Anatomy and Physiology The small intestine Where 90% of absorption occurs Divided into three sections: Duodenum Jejunum Ileum 17 Anatomy and Physiology Colon (large intestine) Moves undigested food (feces) to be eliminated from the body 18 Anatomy and Physiology The main role of the large intestine is to complete the reabsorption of water. Bacterial digestion also occurs in/


****Only label the lines on pictures!!****

Human Anatomy & Physiology Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism ****Only label the lines on pictures!!**** Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Digestive System and Body / publishing as Benjamin Cummings Large Intestine Slide 14.28 Functions of the Large Intestine ______________ of water Eliminates indigestible _______ from the _______ as feces Does not ________ in digestion of food _______ cells produce ________ to act /


Chapter 21a The Digestive System. About this Chapter Digestion function and processes Anatomy of the digestive system Motility Secretion Regulation of.

Pancreas Stomach Small intestine Rectum Large intestine (a) Gallbladder Liver ANATOMY SUMMARY STRUCTURE OF THE STOMACH AND INTESTINE Esophagus Antrum Pylorus Rugae: Surface folding increases area Fundus Diaphragm Body (b) The stomach Plica Mesentery Villi Submucosal glands Serosa Submucosa Mucosa (d) Structure of the small intestine Circular muscle Longitudinal muscle Digestive System Anatomy Layers: same throughout, but modified for different functions Mucosa Created from Epithelial cells Lamina propria/


WelcomeTo Alverno College 2008 Sarah Arvelo

intestine. Anatomy Kupffer’s cells line the venous sinusoids. What do these cells do? Image from Microsoft Clip art They remove defective blood cells, bacteria, and foreign material from portal blood. They also remove enteric bacilli from blood in from the intestine. They filter blood. Next Anatomy/ Thrombin Antithrombin III converts… Acts as an enzyme to convert … Physiology Menu Fibrin (Stabilizes the Clot) Anatomy and Physiology Menu Liver Function Tests Prealbumin/ Albumin ALT/AST Image from Microsoft /


ZOOL 2003 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I Course Instructor: Dr. Martin Huss Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology.

Anatomy and Physiology. Overview of Human Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – the study of the structure of the body and the relationships of the various parts of the body Anatomy – the study of the structure of the body and/ small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, and liver Composed of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, and liver / the blood obtained after removal of the fibrin clot and blood cells Serous - relating to, containing, or producing serum /


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 14.15 – 14.32 Seventh Edition.

Benjamin Cummings  Absorptive cells  Blood capillaries  Lacteals (specialized lymphatic capillaries) Figure 14.7b Folds of the Small Intestine Slide 14.27 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Called circular folds or plicae circulares  Deep folds of the mucosa and submucosa  Do not disappear when filled with food  The submucosa has Peyer’s patches (collections of lymphatic tissue) Large Intestine Slide 14.28/


Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-1 Chapter 24 The Digestive System Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function –Mechanical –Chemical Development.

stomach to pyloric region Intense waves near the pylorus –open it and squirt out 1-2 teaspoons full with each wave Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-40 Physiology--Chemical Digestion Protein digestion begins –HCl denatures (unfolds) protein / tract each day Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-90 Anatomy of Large Intestine 5 feet long by 2/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


Human Anatomy and Physiology: Unit 1 Unit 1: An Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Pearson Education, Inc. Physiology (1-2) Human physiology specialties include: Cell physiology Study of the functions of living cells Special physiology Study of the physiology of specific organs Systemic physiology Study of all aspects of the function of specific organ systems Pathological physiology or pathology Study of the effects of diseases on organ or system functions © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Checkpoint (1-2) 2.Describe how anatomy and physiology are closely related/


Copyright ©2002 The McGraw-Hill Companies. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Chapter 25 extraído de: Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill.

Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill Veja mais sobre este assunto em: http://www.biocourse.com/mhhe/bcc/domains/quad/topic.xsp?id=000270 Chapter 25 The Digestive System General anatomy & digestive processes Mouth through esophagus Stomach Liver, gallbladder & pancreas Small intestine Chemical digestion & absorption Large intestine/ enzymes pepsin & lingual lipase Breaks up connective tissues & plant cell walls –liquifying food to form chyme Converts ingested ferric ions (Fe/


BIOLOGY 252 Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes.

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes The Digestive System Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function –Mechanical –Chemical Overview of GI tract Functions Mouth - bite, chew, moisten, swallow Pharynx and esophagus - transport Stomach - mechanical disruption; absorption of water & alcohol Small intestine - mechanical & chemical digestion & absorption Large intestine - absorb electrolytes & vitamins ( B & K) Rectum and/ staining cells –produce hormones Composition and Functions /


Chapter 5 The Human Body. Introduction A working knowledge of anatomy is important. Knowledge of anatomy helps to communicate correct information: –To.

of arterial system Allow contact between blood and cells Billions of capillaries in body Veins Return oxygen/Anatomy (4 of 4) Liver Small intestine Large intestine Appendix Rectum The Digestive System: Physiology Enzymes are added to food. –By salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine Enzymes convert food into basic sugars, fatty acids, amino acids. –Further processed by liver –Circulated via blood throughout body The Endocrine System: Anatomy and Physiology (1 of 2) Complex message and/


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.

as Benjamin Cummings  Mouth  Pharynx  Esophagus  Stomach  Small intestineLarge intestine  Anus Mouth (Oral Cavity) Anatomy Slide 14.4 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin /are absorbed in the blood or lymph  Food must enter mucosal cells and then into blood or lymph capillaries  Defecation  Elimination of / energy is in the form of fat or glycogen Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh /


The Digestive System and Metabolism Muse 2440 lecture #7 2/29/12.

portion of anal canal  A ring of skeletal muscle fibers, under voluntary control The Large Intestine Figure 24–23a The Gross Anatomy and Regions of the Large Intestine. The Large Intestine  Histology of the Large Intestine  Lack villi  Abundance of mucous cells  Presence of distinctive intestinal glands  Are deeper than glands of small intestine  Are dominated by mucous cells The Large Intestine  Histology of the Large Intestine  Does not produce enzymes  Provides lubrication for fecal material/


© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology 1 Kathleen Cercone PT, PhD Martini Textbook Call me Dr. C.

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy –Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas and how structures work together in an area such as the forearm Systemic anatomy: organ systems Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Pathophysiology (disease) © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology PhysiologyCell physiology: processes within and/


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

cardiovascular system. Spleen, thymus, tonsils Digestive Breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, eliminates waste Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small/large intestine, gall bladder, liver, pancreas Urinary Produces and eliminates urine and waste. Blood composition, acid/base balance and production of red blood cells. Kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra Integumentary Protects body, helps produce vitamin D, regulates body temperature, detects sensations Hair, skin, nails, oil glands, sweat glands Integumentary System/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. An Introduction to Studying the Human Body Classification of Living Things Humans and many other animals are vertebrates.

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


© 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology 1 Kathleen Cercone PT, PhD Martini Textbook Call me Dr. C.

Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy –Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas and how structures work together in an area such as the forearm Systemic anatomy: organ systems Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Pathophysiology (disease) © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology PhysiologyCell physiology: processes within and/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 1 An Introduction to the Human Body Lecture Outline.

cavity (Figure 1.9). –Viscera of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, spleen, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, small intestine, and most of the large intestine (Figure 1.11). –Viscera of the pelvic cavity include the urinary bladder, portions of the large intestine and internal female and male reproductive structures. Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e35 Mediastinum The mediastinum is a broad, median partition between the lungs that extends from the sternum/


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

cardiovascular system. Spleen, thymus, tonsils Digestive Breaks down food, absorbs nutrients, eliminates waste Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small/large intestine, gall bladder, liver, pancreas Urinary Produces and eliminates urine and waste. Blood composition, acid/base balance and production of red blood cells. Kidneys, bladder, ureters, urethra Integumentary Protects body, helps produce vitamin D, regulates body temperature, detects sensations Hair, skin, nails, oil glands, sweat glands Integumentary System/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


LAT Chapter 5 Anatomy & Physiology. Anatomy And Physiology Study of cells, tissues and organs Gross anatomy Histology Physiology For cell diagrams and.

LAT Chapter 5 Anatomy & Physiology Anatomy And Physiology Study of cells, tissues and organs Gross anatomy Histology Physiology For cell diagrams and labeling exercises, go to: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/animals/cell/ Body Organization Animal cells have three basic components Animal cells have three basic components Cell membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Animal’s body has three levels of organizationAnimal’s body has three levels of organization   Cellular   Tissue   Organ Some cellular /


Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology.

growth, reproduction, and movement dependent on metabolism? 1-1 Checkpoint Anatomy—internal & external structures; relationships between body parts Physiology—the function of anatomical structures; how body systems work together 1-2: Anatomy & Physiology Gross Anatomy—visible with unaided eye Surface anatomy Regional anatomy Systemic anatomy—organ systems Microscopic Anatomy—can’t be seen without magnification Cytology (cells) Histology (tissues) Physiology Cell physiology Special physiology—specific organs/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Gross anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: Clinical anatomy: medical specialties Developmental anatomy: from conception to death © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of and their structures © 2015 Pearson/


Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology. Course Description: It is an introduction to the study of the structure and function of the human body. This course.

anatomy and physiology and begins with how the body is organized from the chemical level to the organismal level. A description of the various cell and tissue types follows and then the student is introduced to the individual body systems. Course objectives: The Anatomy and Physiology/out gas exchanges through air sacs in lungs 9- DIGESTIVE ORGANS Oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus (liver & pancreas) FUNCTIONS Breaks food down into absorbable units that enter the /


Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism

and Body Metabolism Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Digestive System and/ Small intestine Large intestine Anus Slide 14.3 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Mouth (Oral Cavity) Anatomy Lips /the blood or lymph Food must enter mucosal cells and then into blood or lymph capillaries Defecation Elimination/


Chapter 24 The Digestive System

from body of stomach to pyloric region Intense waves near the pylorus open it and squirt out 1-2 teaspoons full with each wave Physiology--Chemical Digestion Protein digestion begins HCl denatures (unfolds) protein molecules HCl transforms /of fluid dumped into GI tract each day Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi Anatomy of Large Intestine 5 feet long by 2½ inches in diameter/


Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

muscle exerts on the skeleton Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomical info provides clues about functions (physiology), and physiological mechanisms can be explained only in terms of the underlying anatomy ALL SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS ARE PERFORMED BY SPECIFIC STRUCTURES!!!!! Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy can be divided into gross (macroscopic) anatomy and microscopic anatomy Gross Anatomy Examination of relatively large structures Usually visible with unaided eye 5/


Anatomy and Physiology

– that we can see with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the structures that can only be seen under magnification Physiology The study of the functions of the cells, tissues, and organs of the animal. Biochemistry How cells, tissues and organs work together to complete a task…digestion. Why study anatomy and physiology? Efficient production of livestock requires understanding the anatomy and physiology related to Production. Production is muscle gain, milk or/


Chapter 24, part 1 The Digestive System.

portion of the digestive tract Terminates at the anal canal Internal and external anal sphincters Histology of the large intestine Absence of villi Presence of goblet cells Deep intestinal glands Physiology of the large intestine Reabsorption in the large intestine includes: Water Vitamins – K, biotin, and B5 Organic wastes – urobilinogens and sterobilinogens Bile salts Toxins Mass movements of material through colon and rectum Defecation reflex triggered by distention of rectal walls Figure 24/


Welcome to the Spring 2013 Semester!

intestine Descending colon of large intestine Cecum Initial part of sigmoid colon Appendix Urinary bladder (b) Anterior view of the nine regions showing the superficial organs Abdominal Quadrants Right upper quadrant (RUQ) Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Left lower quadrant (LLQ) (c) The 4 abdominopelvic quadrants Microscopic Anatomy Microscopy – examining small structures through a microscope Antonie van Leeuwenhoek  1st discovered & examined cells/


RADIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DIGESTIVE CANAL

is much more specific. Jejunnl diverticulosis , blind loops, fislulae and strictures may all cause malabsorption and are detectable on contrast studies THE LARGE INTESTINE Symptoms such as alterecd bowel habit, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, weight loss and anaemia may indicate serious colonic disease. Colonoscopy and barium studies are complementary and equally useful but their deployment depends to a large extent on the availability of colonoscopy services. Many clinicians/


Human Anatomy & Physiology University of Washington PMT

coenzymes in metabolism Normal bacteria in colon make three vitamins that supplement diet Physiology of the Large Intestine Organic Wastes Bacteria convert bilirubin to urobilinogens and stercobilinogens Bacteria break down peptides in feces and generate Ammonia, Indole & skatole, hydrogen sulfide Bacteria feed on indigestible carbohydrates (complex polysaccharides) Produce flatus, or intestinal gas, in large intestine Vitamins Are organic molecules Important as cofactors or coenzymes in metabolism Normal/


 Classification of Living Things o Humans and many other animals are vertebrates Characterized by a segmented vertebral column o Common characteristics.

anatomy, or macroscopic anatomy, examines large, visible structures Surface anatomy: exterior features Regional anatomy: body areas Systemic anatomy: organ systems Developmental anatomy: from conception to death Clinical anatomy: medical specialties © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.  Anatomy o Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.  Physiology o Cell physiology/


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