Free download ppt on motivation theories

COMMUNICATION, MOTIVATION and LEADING

precise pyramid diagram itself) is clearly and directly attributable to Maslow; later versions of the theory with added motivational stages are not so clearly attributable to Maslow. These extended models have instead been inferred/-Actualization needs: (realising personal potential, self-fulfilment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences. Early Theories of Motivation Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory: Needs were categorized as five levels of lower- to higher-order needs. Individuals must satisfy /


Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall15–1 Motivating Employees Chapter 15 Management Stephen P. Robbins Mary Coulter tenth.

Motivation? Define motivation.Define motivation. ExplainExplain the three key elements of motivation. 15.2 Early Theories of Motivation Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and how it can be used to motivate.Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and how it can be used to motivate. Discuss how Theory X and Theory Y managers approach motivation.Discuss how Theory X and Theory Y managers approach motivation. Describe Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory.Describe Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory/


Chapter 13 Motivation MGMT Chuck Williams

employees may leave by quitting their jobs, transferring, or increasing absenteeism. 2.2 Adding Equity Theory to Model 2.2 Motivating with Equity Theory Look for and correct major inequities Reduce employees’ inputs Make sure decision-making processes are / jobs. In addition to individual managers’ directly asking employees what they want from their jobs (see "Motivating with Equity Theory"), companies still need to survey their employees regularly to determine their wants, needs, and dissatisfactions. Since/


Motivation Group 2007-2008 Overview of L2 Motivation Mikio Iguchi (1 st Year EdD student)

(1980s – 1990s)  Findings in cognitive psychology contributed to the following theories in L2 motivation: 1.Self-determination theory 2.Attribution theory 3.Goal theory 4.Schumann’s theory (based on neurobiological analysis) 1.Self-determination theory 2.Attribution theory 3.Goal theory 4.Schumann’s theory (based on neurobiological analysis) 9 Motivation Group 2007-2008 2.1 Self-determination Theory 1.Intrinsic motivation: an inner drive, impulse, emotion, or desire that is derived/


Motivation and Emotion

(e.g., William James, Alfred Kinsey, Abraham Maslow, Stanley Schachter, Hans Selye). Lesson One: Theories of Motivation By the end of this lesson, I will be able to… 1. Describe basic theories of motivation. 2. Identify the difference between instincts and motives 3. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each motivational theory. The Midterm was: Really Hard Challenging Average Not that hard Easy :20 1 2 3/


Psychological Science ©2013 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

found that increased anxiety led to increased affiliativemotivations According to Schachter, other people provide information that helps us evaluate whether we are acting appropriately According to Festinger’ssocial comparison theory,we are motivated to have accurate information about ourselves and others; we compare ourselves with those around us to test and validate personal beliefs and emotional responses The effect occurs especially when/


3 Motivation Motivation.

or comparison Achievement motivation = Self-comparison or achievement Theories of Achievement Motivation Need achievement theory Early Theories of Achievement Motivation: Instinct Theory Drive Theory Need achievement theory Need Achievement Theory Achievement goal theory Competence motivation theory Contemporary Theories of Achievement Motivation: Self-Efficacy Theory Attribution theory Achievement goal theory Competence motivation theory Self–Efficacy Self–Efficacy Theory... Bandura The perception/


Motivating Yourself and Others

changing may be unconscious are often inferred are hierarchical Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Influential Motivation Theories Many psychologists have added to our knowledge of what motivates people Basic problem is how to apply knowledge in the workplace Several theories are influential Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs People tend to satisfy their needs in a/


Motivation theory. What is motivation? The process of stimulating workers to the act of work. or Motivation is defined as the process that initiates,

their arguments to consider the influences on motivation. Motivation theory Motivational theorists? There are some key theories that need to be considered: McGregor’s theory X and theory Y Taylor and scientific management Mayo and the human relations approach Herzberg’s two factor theory Maslow and the hierarchy of needs Motivation theory McGregor’s theory X and theory Y (1) Theory X and theory Y are theories of motivation created by Douglas McGregor in the 1960/


Bell Ringer 3.8.2013 o Objective: SWBAT define motivation and provide examples of it. o Write down your reading assignment: o Modules 44-46 (pgs. 597-639)

need or a want that causes us to act o Motivation: directs and maintains goal-directed behavior o Motivational theories explain the relationship between physiological changes and emotional experiences. Theories of Motivation o Instinct theory: physical and mental instincts such as curiosity and fearfulness cause us to act. o Instincts: inherited automatic species-specific behaviors. Theories of Motivation o Imprinting: baby animals forming attachment to the first moving/


Organizational Behavior 15th Ed

effort expended. Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Summary and Implications for Managers The motivation theories in this chapter differ in their predictive strength. Need Theories Self-Determination Theory and Cognitive Evaluation Theory Goal-Setting Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory/Organizational Justice Expectancy Theory The motivation theories in this chapter differ in their predictive strength. Here, we review the most established to determine their relevance/


Organizational Behavior 15th Ed

and inequities may influence the effort expended. Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Summary The motivation theories in this chapter differ in their predictive strength. Need Theories Self-Determination Theory and Cognitive Evaluation Theory Goal-Setting Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory/Organizational Justice Expectancy Theory Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall/


Ch. 16 激勵 Motivation.

individual’s levels of nAch, nPow, and nAff from the stories written. 13 15 「若思鏡」。好管理者 VS. 好員工的 needs. 16 15.3 Contemporary Theories of Motivation 1. Goal-setting theory 2. Reinforcement theory 3. Designing Motivating Jobs 4. Equity Theory 5. Expectancy Theory 6. Integrating Model 17 1. Goal-Setting Theory specific goals increase performance and that difficult goals, when accepted, result in higher performance than do easy goals. Self-efficacy/


Motivating Self and Others

Changing the way that employees are treated may boost productivity more than changing how they are paid. Summary of motivation theories … Needs theories of motivation Maslow’s Hierarchy Motivation-Hygiene Theory (Hertzberg) Process Theories of Motivation Expectancy Theory Goal-setting Theory Management by Objectives Equity Theory Fair Process Theory Group Exercise on Motivation Theories Jesse has been underperforming at work, coming in late, and causing some problems with the other workers. Previously Jesse/


Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran. Organizational Behavior: Motivation Essence of Life.

of Skills Obsolescence of Skills Performance versus Skills Performance versus Skills Advantages Disadvantages Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran. Hierarchy of Needs Skill-Based Plans and Motivation Theories Need for Achievement Equity Theory ReinforcementTheory Gholipour A. 2006. Organizational Behavior. University of Tehran. Money and employee needs –affects several needs, not just existence needs Money and attitudes –Money ethic -- not evil, represents/


What Is Motivation? Motivation

295 Exhibit 14.3 Contrasting Views of Satisfaction-Dissatisfaction Page 296 Exhibit 14.4 Contemporary Theories of Motivation Three-Needs Theory Goal-Setting Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory Expectancy Theory Designing Motivating Jobs Page 296 Motivation and Needs Three-Needs Theory There are three acquired needs that are major motives in work. Need for achievement (nAch) The drive to excel, to achieve, and to succeed Need for power (nPow) The need/


Recognition Success Growth Satisfaction Prosperity Motivation Herzberg Theory of Motivation.

oriented towards a goal. Theories of Motivation Early Theories of Motivation Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory Theory X and Theory Y Two-factor Theory Herzbergs Theory of Factors McClelland’s Theory of Needs Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory Theory X and Theory Y Two-factor Theory Herzbergs Theory of Factors McClelland’s Theory of Needs Contemporary Theories of Motivation Self-Determination Theory Goal-Setting Theory Self-Efficacy Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory/Organizational Justice Expectancy/


Motivation and Emotion

and relationships with others. Need for power (nPow) - the need to have control or influence over others. Menu Arousal Approach to Motivation Stimulus motive - a motive that appears to be unlearned but causes an increase in stimulation, such as curiosity. Arousal theory - theory of motivation in which people are said to have an optimal (best or ideal) level of tension that they seek to maintain by/


3.5 Motivation and Emotion

temp / fluid levels Ex…after a marathon runners drink a large quantity of water to restore homeostasis Drive Reduction Theory cont “need” – motivated state caused by a physiological deficit Ex…lack of food or water “drive”- State of psychological tension, induced /animal to stop eating If destroyed, an animal will eat constantly and gain more and more weight Hunger Motivation Biological Basis… Set-Point Theory Humans and animals have a natural or optimal body-fat level Like a thermostat, the body defends /


Motivation and Emotion

the end of this lesson, I will be able to… 1. Describe basic theories of motivation. 2. Identify the difference between instincts and motives 3. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each motivational theory. LEARNING TARGET: Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to better understand human behavior. What Motivates You? During the school day At practice (drama, sports, music, etc.) At work LEARNING TARGET: Identify and apply/


Motivating: Self & Others Outline: Defining Motivation and its characteristics. Defining Motivation and its characteristics. Theory X,Y type people Theory.

& Others Outline: Defining Motivation and its characteristics. Defining Motivation and its characteristics. Theory X,Y type people Theory X,Y type people Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic motivators Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic motivators Need theories of motivation Need theories of motivation Process theories of motivation Process theories of motivation Kohn’s motivating environment Kohn’s motivating environment What is Motivation? Intensity Intensity Direction Direction Persistence Persistence Theory X Negative attitude/


1 Motivation in Sport Chapter 4. Why do we play sports? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6xLYt26 5ZM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6xLYt26 5ZM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6xLYt26.

/values -Goals -Emotional state Sources of Motivation Interactional view of motivation Situation Factors -Coach behaviour -Fan behaviour -Opponent Motivation 16 Theories of Motivation Attribution theory Attribution theory Theory of competence motivation Theory of competence motivation Achievement goal theory Achievement goal theory Self efficacy theory Self efficacy theory Self determination theory Self determination theory 17 Attribution Theory Attribution Theory focuses on how individuals explain success/


Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion

Collectivist societies encourage group success Individualistic societies encourage individual success People Vary in Need for Achievement (refer to motivation theories) Management Styles- Theory X vs Theory Y Theory X managers assume that workers are lazy, error prone and extrinsically motivated by money. Theory Y managers assume that people are intrinsically motivated, have pride in their work and fulfill their potential. What type of manager might you be? Affiliation/


Public Management Incentives and Motivations Sunday, April 16, 2017

achieve (Locke and Latham, 1990). Goals provide a sense of purpose and create standards for evaluating performance . Participation in goal setting is not clearly linked to higher levels of motivation. Goal-setting Theory 3 Goal setting works best with management support and requires effective leadership. People should be committed to goals. The manager should stress that the goals are important (have personal/


Chapter 12 Motivation.

.” The text in this slide is necessarily small and may be difficult to view in some classrooms. ©2005 Prentice Hall Adapted from Exhibit 12.1: Key Variables that Influence Motivation Motivation Theories Content Theories Process Theories Focus Personal needs that workers attempt to satisfy. Features in the work environment that satisfy a worker’s needs. How different variables can combine to influence the amount of/


Social Psychology and Motivation in Sport Hagger & Chatzisarantis Chapter 5.

, self-determination, and autonomy, and persist in the absence of any external reinforcement“ Deci and Ryan (1985) Where Does Intrinsic Motivation Come From? u Theories of motivation must account for behaviours that are motivated by “rewards that do not reduce tissue needs” (Eisenberger, 1972) u Motivational theory must therefore reach beyond mere reinforcement and biological drives (Deci & Ryan, 1985) u Lewin (1951) was very influential in/


Chapter 5 Motivation.

punishments VI. Need deficiencies reassessed by the employee Content theories focus on Motivation Theories Content theories focus on Factors within the person The needs that motivate people Process theories describe, explain, and analyze how behavior is… Energized Directed Sustained Stopped Content Motivation Theories Maslow’s need hierarchy Alderfer’s ERG theory Herzberg’s two-factor theory McClelland’s learned needs theory Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Maslow’s Need Hierarchy The Need/


Chapter 6 Work Motivation

X Goal Setting Equity Expectancy Herzberg McClelland Maslow ERG Clarify Goals Provide Feedback Redesign Jobs Tie to Performance Find Rewards Motivation Theories Motivation Practices Adapted from Exhibit 6-4: Motivation Factors Resulting from Motivation Theories Motivating Associates: Integration of Theory Find meaningful individual rewards Tie rewards to performance Redesign jobs – job enlargement and job enrichment Provide feedback Clarify expectations and goals – some use MBO Tie individual rewards to/


MGTO120s Motivating Employees

dissatisfaction, and causes dissatisfaction. But it has no effect on motivation Motivational factor: the presence will both satisfy and motivate employees. Their absence may not necessarily cause dissatisfaction, it will decrease motivation. Contemporary Theories of Motivation Three-Needs Theory Designing Motivating Jobs Equity Theory Expectancy Theory Motivation and Needs Three-Needs Theory There are three major acquired needs that are major motives in work. Need for achievement (nAch) The drive to excel/


Motivation Ch. 12 Management A Practical Introduction

your organization -show up for work at your organization -perform better for your organization -do extra for your organization 12.2 Content Perspectives On Employee Motivation WHAT KINDS OF NEEDS MOTIVATE EMPLOYEES? Theories that emphasize the needs that motivate people are content perspectives or need-based perspectives -where needs are defined as physiological or psychological deficiencies that arouse behavior Three content perspectives are Maslow/


Motivating and Rewarding Employees 激勵與獎酬員工

and Rewarding Employees 激勵與獎酬員工 Chapter 10 Motivating and Rewarding Employees 激勵與獎酬員工 Management-Motivation Dr. Wu 2008 Outline Motivation Motivation Theories Early Maslow, XY, Motivation-Hygiene Contemporary Three-needs, Equity, Job characteristics model (JCM), Expectancy theory Integrating theories Application and contemporary issues Management-Motivation Dr. Wu 2008 Motivation And Individual Needs The willingness to exert high levels of effort to reach organizational goals, conditioned by the effort/


Chapter 5 Motivation at Work

Weber work contributes to salvation Protestant work ethic Sigmund Freud delve into the unconscious mind to better understand a person’s motives and needs © 2009 Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 7 7 7 5 3 7 Early Philosophers of Motivational Theories Adam Smith “enlightened” self-interest; that which is in the best interest and benefit to the individual and to other people Frederick/


Copyright ©2011 by Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 1 Chapter 13 Motivation Designed & Prepared by B-books, Ltd. MGMT3 Chuck Williams.

- related feedback 5.2 Copyright ©2011 by Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 46 Motivating with the Integrated Model Motivating with the Basics Motivating with the Basics Motivating with Equity Theory Motivating with Equity Theory Motivating with Expectancy Theory Motivating with Expectancy Theory Motivating with Reinforcement Theory Motivating with Reinforcement Theory Motivating with Goal-Setting Theory Motivating with Goal-Setting Theory 6 6 Copyright ©2011 by Cengage Learning. All rights reserved 47/


INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS

Job Satisfaction Study Hygiene factors: work-related factors that can fulfill basic needs and prevent job dissatisfaction. Motivational factors: work-related factors that can lead to job satisfaction and motivate employees. McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Theory Z Theories on Motivation Theories on Motivation Managers commonly attempt various methods of motivating their employees, such as offering small rewards and recognition to employees who have achieved high performance. Recognition/


Motivational Considerations in the Design of Instruction Anthony R. Artino, Jr. Department of Educational Psychology Blue Sky State University EPSY 350:

, 2006) –Ensure assessment is private, not public Minimizes social comparisons Image retrieved February 3, 2007, from http://www.corporate-star.com/images/classroom.jpg EPSY 350 21 Self-Determination & Intrinsic Motivation Theory Overview Integrates “needs” with social-cognitive constructs (Pintrich, 2003) Self-determination is… –“using one’s capability to choose how to satisfy one’s needs” (Schunk & Zimmerman, 2006, p. 359) Intrinsic/


Motivation Across Cultures

They want concrete feedback on performance. They often tend to be loners, and not team players. Achievement Motivation Theory To develop high achievement needs, individuals should Obtain feedback on performance and use the information to channel /and challenges. Daydream in positive terms by picturing self being successful in the pursuit of important objectives. Achievement Motivation Theory International Findings Polish industrialists were high achievers. Scoring 6.58 (U.S. managers’ scored an average 6./


Motivating and Leading

valence” or “preference” The process is universal Culture influences the specific content and goals pursued Motivation differs across cultures The Assumption of Content and Process Content Theories of Motivation Theories that explain work motivation in terms of what arouses, energizes, or initiates employee behavior. Process Theories of Motivation Theories that explain work motivation by how employee behavior is initiated, redirected, and halted. INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON BEHAVIOR Values Behaviors/


Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 17-1 Motivating.

© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 17-10 Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory Two-factor theory (motivation-hygiene theory) - the motivation theory that claims that intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction and motivation, whereas extrinsic factors are associated with job dissatisfaction. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc/


MANAGEMENT THEORY Year 3 Built Asset Management Dr. Margaret Nelson Room M1-06

Asset Management Dr. Margaret Nelson Room M1-06 M.Nelson@bolton.ac.uk LECTURE OUTLINE Lecture Overview Lecture Overview –Motivational Theories Maslow – Hierarchy of Needs McGregor – Theory X & Y Hertsberg – Hygiene Factor Theory McClelland – Three Needs Theory Handy – Motivational Calculus Theory Adams – Goal Setting/Equity Theory Vroom – Expectancy Theory –Leadership Theories –Group Theories MASLOW Abraham Maslow is considered to be the father of Humanistic Psychology, also known as the "Third Force/


Chapter 8 Motivation: Cognitive and Behavioral Theories and Techniques

of goal setting Describe the powerful technique of behavior modification Discuss some international aspects of motivation Chapter Overview Introduction Expectancy Theory Equity Theory Goal Setting Theory Behavior Modification International Aspects of the Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Motivation Ethical Issues in the Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Motivation Introduction Four motivation theories that differ from those in Chapter 7 Three use cognitive processes to explain human behavior/


POA Team exercise – what people want from their jobs Case Study Motivation clip Theories of Motivation Abraham Maslow Need Hirearcy Theory Theory X & Theory.

operative at the same time. If a higher-level need cannot be fulfilled, the desire to satisfy a lower- level need increases. Contemporary theories of Motivation POA Motivation theories –Goal setting theory – Expectancy theory –David McClelland’s theory –Reinforcement theory Motivation case study Motivation clip Goal-Setting Theory (Edwin Locke) Contemporary theory Goal Commitment Self Efficacy - refers to an individuals belief that he or she is capable of performing a task. To/


Work in the 21st Century Chapter 8

, and job involvement, which are covered in more detail in Chapter 9 Motivation & Personality Consistent relationships exist between personality characteristics & performance motivation Neuroticism negatively related to performance motivation Conscientiousness positively related to performance motivation Module 8.2: Motivational Theories – Classic Approaches Person-as-machine theories Maslow’s need theory Internal mechanical theory All humans have basic set of needs that express themselves over life span/


Motivation in Organizations

resources available Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Need-Based Perspectives on Motivation Needs-Based Theories Humans are motivated primarily by deficiencies in one or more important needs or need categories. Need theorists /probability that efforts will lead to performance. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Expectancy Theory of Motivation (continued) Performance-to-Outcome Expectancy An individual’s perception of the probability that performance will lead/


Chapter 8: Motivation Learning Theories

Outcomes: Anni Mizuta These are a few questions that drove me to want to pursue this chapter on motivational theory. Why are some students driven to learn and persistent when facing challenges and others give up? What motivates students – are students who come from an “at risk” background or are learning disabled any different than “normal” students? What causes that perception that they/


Motivation and Emotion

the end of this lesson, I will be able to… 1. Describe basic theories of motivation. 2. Identify the difference between instincts and motives 3. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each motivational theory. Where Do We Begin? Motivation – a psychological process that directs and maintains your behavior toward a goal. Motives are the needs, wants, interests, and desires that propel or drive people in certain directions/


2.5 motivation. What is motivation? Motivation refers to the desire, internal need, effort and passion to achieve something. In organization, motivation.

of motivation Motivation theories can be classified as: content (needs) theories or process theories. Content theories Content theories of motivation explain the factors that motivate people. They answer the question: What makes people to behave in a certain way? The theories include: Maslow Hierarchy of Needs McGregor Theory X and Theory Y Herzberg Two Factor Theory Taylor’s scientific Management theory Mayo ‘s human Relations theory(HL) McClelland Needs theory(HL) Process Theories Process theories explain/


3 Motivation Motivation.

or comparison Achievement motivation = Self-comparison or achievement Theories of Achievement Motivation Need achievement theory Early Theories of Achievement Motivation: Instinct Theory Drive Theory Need achievement theory Need Achievement Theory Achievement goal theory Competence motivation theory Contemporary Theories of Achievement Motivation: Self-Efficacy Theory Attribution theory Achievement goal theory Competence motivation theory Self–Efficacy Self–Efficacy Theory... Bandura The perception/


Chapter 10 Motivating the Sales Force

behind the intensity (the direction or decision to engage in and persistence of mental and specific actions in specific physical effort expended) circumstances) Motivational theories addressing the issue: Chapter 10: Motivating the Sales Force Motivational theories addressing the issue: “what” motivates salespeople Need Hierarchy Theory Self-actualisation needs Esteem needs Belongingness needs Security needs Physiological needs Physiological needs (e.g., basic salary); security needs (e.g., pension/


Motivation and Emotions

incentive run from extremely low (liver and onions) to extremely high (ice cream sundae). Theories of Motivation There are five distinct theories of motivation I want you to be familiar with.  Some include basic biological forces, while others seem to transcend concrete explanation.  Instinct Theory Drive Reduction Theory  Arousal Theory Psychoanalytic Theory Humanistic Theory Instinct theory Derived from our biological make-up.  Weve all seen spiders webs and perhaps even/


Chapter 8 Employee Behavior and Motivation Prepared By Mostafa Kamel.

a reasonable chance—or expectancy—of obtaining. A reward that seems out of reach is likely to be undesirable even if it is intrinsically positive Prepared By Mostafa Kamel Equity Theory Equity Theory: Motivation theory holding that people evaluate their treatment by the organization relative to the treatment of others. When employee compare his own Input/output ratio with those of other employees, he/


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